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I  i; 


1149123      ; 


ge:ne:al-ogy  collectioM 


3  1833  01238  9703 





Printed  at  the  Edinburgh  University  Press 
By  T.  and  A.  Constable, 




AND  CO.,  LTD. 







r_E  R  G  U  S  S  O  N 

F  E  R  g  TT  K  O  ^ 



Edited  for  The  Clan  Fergus(s)on  Society  by 






All  rights  reserved 




In  June  1894  tlie  Council  of  the  Clan  Fergus(s)on  Society 
approved  of  a  proposal  that  a  book  of  Records  of  the  Clan 
and  Name  of  Fergusson  or  Ferguson  should  be  published, 
and  appointed  the  present  editors  as  a  sub-committee  to 
compile,  edit,  and  arrange  for  the  publication  of  the  proposed 

This  book  is  now  issued  as  the  result  of  that  resolution, 
and  the  editors  have  to  express  their  acknowledgments  to 
many  Fergussons  and  Fergusons,  and  also  to  others  connected 
with  the  name,  who  have  placed  much  interesting  material 
at  their  disposal.  As  originally  contemplated,  the  publica- 
tion did  not  propose  to  supply  a  full  and  detailed  history  of 
the  various  families  of  the  name,  but  rather  to  place  on 
record  materials  yet  preserved  in  the  recollection  of  indivi- 
duals, or  in  Mss.,  which  might  otherwise  disappear ;  to  collect 
scattered  notices  of  the  name,  and  to  give  a  general  view  of 
the  fortunes  of  the  Clan  in  different  districts  of  Scotland  and 
elsewhere.  The  scheme  of  the  work  has,  of  course,  rendered 
it  impossible  to  give  the  full  details  of  an  exhaustive  family 
history  in  any  case,  but  the  courteous  and  cordial  aid  which 
the  editors  have  received  from  the  representatives  of  practi- 
cally every  family  whose  charter-chests  and  family  papers 
seemed  likely  to  afford  material  of  interest,  and  the  informa- 
tion contributed  in  response  to  circulars  that  were  widely 
issued  to  members  of  the  Clan,  have  enabled  those  charged 


witli  its  preparation,  to  make  the  volume  more  complete  and 
comprehensive  than  they  had  ventured  to  anticipate.  They 
are  especially  pleased  to  state,  that  in  many  cases  the  notices 
of  various  families  have  been  actually  written  for  the  book  by 
their  own  representatives ;  and  in  others,  the  narratives  have 
been  prepared  from  papers  in  possession  of  the  present  repre- 
sentatives, and  after  personal  communication  with  them.  In 
particular,  the  memoirs  of  the  family  to  which  Professor 
Adam  Ferguson  belonged  have  been  written  by  Mr.  Robert 
N.  R.  Ferguson,  the  Treasury,  London;  the  notice  of  the 
Raith  family  was  communicated  by  Mr.  R.  C.  Munro-Fergu- 
son,  M.R,  and,  indeed,  written  for  this  volume  by  Lady  Helen 
Munro-Ferguson ;  that  of  the  Spitalhaugh  family  was  simi- 
larly written  by  Sir  James  Ranken  Fergusson ;  that  of  the 
Cumberland  Fergusons  by  Mr.  Richard  S.  Ferguson,  Chan- 
cellor of  the  diocese  of  Carlisle ;  the  memoir  of  Sir  Samuel 
Ferguson  by  his  widow,  Lady  Ferguson ;  and  the  sketch  of 
his  family  by  his  niece.  Miss  D.  M.  A.  Paterson.  The  chapter 
on  the  name  in  Balquhidder,  it  should  also  be  stated,  was 
prepared  by  Mr.  R.  Menzies  Fergusson  of  the  Balquhidder 
stock,  and  that  on  the  Aberdeenshire  Fergusons  by  Mr.  James 
Ferguson,  Kinmundy,  though  the  notices  of  James  Ferguson, 
the  astronomer,  and  Robert  Fergusson,  the  poet,  were  under- 
taken by  the  former,  and  the  thanks  of  the  editors  are  due 
to  Professor  Duff,  who  contributed  the  account  of  his  rela- 
tives, the  descendants  of  the  minister  of  Glengairn.  The 
Athole  chapter  (other  than  Mr.  R.  N.  R.  Ferguson's  contri- 
butions), was  mainly  prepared  from  the  papers  placed  at  the 
disposal  of  the  editors  by  the  Dunfallandy  and  other  families, 
as  Avas  the  account  of  the  Craigdarroch  family  in  the  Dum- 
friesshire chapter,  from  the  Craigdarroch  papers.  The  atten- 
tion of  the  editors  was  called  to  the  account  of  the  Kilkerran 
family,  written  by  Lord  Hermand,  by  Sir  James  Fergusson 
of  Kilkerran. 



The  editors  gratefully  record  their  thanks  to 
Miss  Fergiisson  of  Dimfallandy ; 
Captain  Cutlar-Fergiisson  of  Craigdarroch ; 
Sir  James  Fergiisson  of  Kilkerran,  Bart. ; 
William  Ferguson  of  Kinmimdy ; 
R  C.  Munro-Ferguson  of  Raith,  M.P. ; 
Sir  James  Ranken  Fergiisson  of  Spitalhaiigh,  Bart. ; 
Lieut.-Colonel  George  Arthur  Ferguson  of  Pitfour ; 
Mrs.  Fergiisson  (of  Middlehaugh) ; 
J.  Grant-Fergusson  of  Baledmiind ; 
Lady  Ferguson,  Dublin ; 
Richard  S.  Ferguson,  Chancellor  of  Carlisle ; 
J.  C.  Colyer-Fergusson  of  Ightham  Mote,  Kent ; 
Captain  Ferguson-Fawsitt  of  Walkington  Hall ; 
J,  E.  Johnson-Ferguson  of  Wiston  and  Springkell ; 
R.  N.  R.  Ferguson,  the  Treasury,  London ; 
Robert  Ferguson  of  Garryduft',  Limerick ; 
John  Mansfield  Ferguson,  London  ; 
John  Blackburn  Fergusson,  Doonholm,  Ayr ; 
Rev.  Donald  Fergusson,  Crieff; 
Rev.  William  Fergusson,  Shannaburn ; 
The  Very  Rev.  John  Ferguson,  Dean  of  Moray; 
Rev.  John  Ferguson,  Aberdalgie ; 
Hugh  Fergusson  (Middlehaugh) ; 
Robert  Fergusson,  Aberdeen ; 
Henry  Fergusson,  Pitlochry; 
Charles  Fergusson,  Muir-of-Ord ; 
Robert  Fergusson,  Stirling  (since  deceased) ; 
John  Ferguson,  the  Hermitage,  Duns ; 
George  T.  Ferguson,  Maxwelton,  Dumfries  ; 
J.  Fergusson,  Cardiff; 
Donald  Ferguson,  Croydon,  Surrey ; 
John  Ferguson,  Colombo,  Ceylon ; 
R.  M.  Ferguson,  LL.D.,  Ph.D.,  Edinburgh ; 


James  Haig  Ferguson,  M.D.,  Edinburgh ; 
J.  Ferguson,  National  Bank,  Edinburgh. 
And  also  to 

Sir  Charles  Dalrymple  of  New  Hailes,  Bart. ; 

J.  Balfour  Paul,  Lyon  King-of-Arms ; 

W.  A.  Lindsay,  Windsor  Herald ; 

Arthur  Vicars,  Ulster  King-of-Arms ; 

Thomas  Dickson,  LL.D.,  Register  House ; 

J.  T.  Clark,  Keeper  of  the  Advocates'  Library  ; 

Professor  Donald  Mackinnon,  University  of  Edinburgh ; 

Miss  Paterson,  Dublin  ; 

J.  Stewart  Robertson  of  Edradynate ; 

J.  Maitland  Thomson  of  The  Whim  ; 

Neil  Robertson,  Dunfallandy ; 

Charles  Gibson,  Craigdhu,  Pitlochry ; 

Hugh  Mitchell,  Pitlochry ; 

Rev.  Canon  Bruce,  Dunimarle ; 

D.  P.  Menzies,  Glasgow ; 

C.  B.  Davidson,  advocate,  Aberdeen ; 

Andrew  Davidson,  advocate,  Aberdeen ; 

Charles  Ruxton,  advocate,  Aberdeen ; 

Alexander  Forbes,  Aberdeen ; 

Professor  J.  Wight  Duff,  Newcastle ; 

Walter  Severn,  London ; 

Messrs.  Tods,  Murray,  and  Jamieson,  W.S. ; 

W.  Percival  Lindsay,  W.S.,  Edinburgh ; 

George  Bayley,  W.S.,  Edinburgh  ;     * 

Thomas  Eraser,  Dalbeattie ; 

C.  Paterson,  Moniaive ; 

Rev.  Walter  MacLeod,  Edinburgh ; 

Rev.  A.  Meldrum,  Logierait ; 

Rev.  Andrew  Keay,  Edinburgh ; 

Major  P.  Chalmers,  Blairgowrie ; 

Rev.  John  M'Lean,  Grandtully ; 


for  the  information  tliey  have  communicated,  their  responses 
to  inquiries,  and  the  contributions  several  of  them  have 


The  editors  have  also  to  express  their  special  acknowledg- 
ments for  the  assistance  which  has  enabled  them  to  provide 
a  large  number  of  illustrations.  They  have  to  thank  Miss 
Fergusson  of  Dunfallandy  and  her  relatives,  Mr,  and  Mrs. 
Robertson,  Mr.  Fergusson  of  Baledmund,  Mr.  Robert  N.  R. 
Ferguson,  Colonel  Ferguson  of  Pitfour,  Mr.  Ferguson  of  Kin- 
mandy,  Mr.  Munro-Ferguson,  M.P.,  of  Raith,  Captain  Cutlar- 
Fergusson  of  Craigdarroch,  Sir  James  R.  Fergusson  of  Spital- 
haugh,  and  Mr.  J.  C.  Colyer-Fergusson  of  Ightham  Mote, 
for  providing  the  materials  and  defraying  the  cost  of  the 
illustrations  connected  with  their  respective  families;  Sir 
James  R.  Fergusson,  Ex-Provost  Ferguson,  Govan,  Mr. 
Alexander  A.  Fergusson,  Glasgow,  Mr.  John  Ferguson,  The 
Range,  Rockhampton,  Queensland,  and  Mr.  Malcolm  Fergu- 
son, Callander,  for  special  contributions  towards  the  prepara- 
tion of  the  complete  set  of  heraldic  plates;  and  Lady  Ferguson, 
^Irs.  Fergusson  of  Middlehaugh,  Mr.  J.  B.  Fergusson,  Doon- 
holm,  the  Misses  Reidford,  Mr.  Andrew  Wishart,  W.S.,  the 
Misses  Raeburn,  and  Messrs.  J.  Maxwell  and  Sons,  Dumfries, 
for  kindly  placing  pictures,  engravings,  and  photographs  at 
their  disposal  for  reproduction.  As  to  the  illustrations,  a 
word  of  explanation  may  be  interesting. 

The  frontispiece,  Lieut. -General  Archibald  Fergusson  of 
Dunfallandy,  is  from  a  picture  by  Sir  Henry  Raeburn, 
hangmg  at  Dunfallandy  House. 


The  illustrations  accompanying  the  memoirs  by  Mr.  R.  N. 
E,.  Fersfuson  are  all  from  portraits  in  his  possession.  The 
full-page  portrait^ of  Professor  Adcfrn  Ferguson  is  from  Rae- 
burn's  picture,  and  that  on  page  143  from  one  by  Sir  Joshua 
Reynolds.  That  of  Mrs.  Ferguson  (p.  142)  is  from  her  pic- 
ture by  David  Martin;  those  of  Sir  Adam,  and  Admiral 
John  M.  Ferguson  (pp.  173  and  181)  are  from  their  pictures 
by  John  Ballantyne.  The  authors  of  the  portraits  repro- 
duced on  pages  161  and  167  are  unknown.  On  page  177  is 
reproduced  from  the  original,  which  was  the  property  of  Mr. 
R.  N.  R.  Ferguson  when  the  illustration  was  executed,  but 
has  since  been  acquired  by  the  Scottish  National  Gallery, 
Sir  David  Wilkie's  well-known  group  of  the  Abhotsford 
family.  It  Avas  painted  in  1817,  and  exhibited  at  the  Royal 
Academ}^  in  1818,  and  in  the  collection  of  National  Histori- 
cal Scottish  Portraits  in  1884,  and  is  described  by  Lockhart 
in  his  Life  of  Scott. 

In  the  centre  Sir  Walter  is  seated  on  a  bank ;  on  his  left 
are  Captain  (afterwards  Sir)  Adam  Ferguson,  Mr.  Walter 
Scott  (afterwards  Sir  Walter,  Lieut. -Colonel  of  the  15th 
Hussars),  and  Mr.  Charles  Scott,  and  behind  them  is  Tom 
Purdie.  On  the  right,  Lady  Scott  dressed  as  a  cottage 
matron,  with  Miss  Anne  Scott,  and  in  front  of  the  picture  is 
Miss  Sophia,  afterwards  Mrs.  Lockhart.  Close  by  her  is 
Sir  Walter's  famous  deerhound,  Maida. 

The  representation  of  Lord  Pitfoiir  on  page  249  is  from 
a  picture  at  Kinmundy,  the  author  of  which  is  unknown; 
that  of  his  son,  James  Ferguson.,  M.P..  from  an  engraving 
of  Beechey's  picture  at  Pitfour,  and  that  of  Colonel  Patrick 
Ferguson  from  an  engraving  also  at  Pitfour.  Another 
illustration  of  Colonel  Patrick  Ferguson,  as  an  older  man, 
was  published  in  Tivo  Scottish  Soldiers  (1888),  reproduced 
from  a  waxen  bust  at  Kinmundy.  A  story  is  told,  that  when 
Beechey  was  painting  old  Pitfour,  he  was  greatly  disappointed 


at  finding  it  impossible  to  get  the  proper  expression.  One 
day,  however,  just  as  Ferguson  was  starting  for  his  sitting,  a 
Buchan  farmer  arrived  from  the  north  to  see  him.  He 
took  him  with  him,  and  more  than  the  hour  passed  rapidly 
in  discussing  north-country  news.  When  at  last  he  rose, 
Beechey  said,  '  Be  sure  and  bring  your  friend  back  with 
you.  I  've  made  more  progress  to-day  than  in  all  the  other 

The  illustrations  of  James  Ferguson  of  Kin'iniindy,  his 
wife  and  son,  on  pp.  268,  269,  271,  are  specially  interesting 
because  they  are  reproduced  from  pictures  in  Indian  ink, 
done  by  James  Ferguson,  the  Astronomer,  and  are  thus  in  a 
double  sense  '  Fergusons.' 

Captain  James  Ferguson,  R.N.  (p.  285),  is  from  an  old 
painting  belonging  to  the  Misses  Reidford,  formerly  of  Aber- 
deen, and  at  present  in  possession  of  their  brother-in-law, 
Mr.  Andrew  Wishart,  W.S. 

Robert  Fergusson,  the  Poet  (p.  295),  is  reproduced  from 
Alexander  Runciman's  portrait,  at  present  in  the  Scottish 
National  Portrait  Gallery,  but  belonging  to  the  Misses  Rae- 

James  Ferguson,  the  Astronomer  (p.  300),  is  reproduced 
from  an  engraving  apparently  prepared  for  publication  with 
his  life  or  works. 

General  Sir  Ronald  Ferguson  of  Raith  (p.  316),  is  from  a 
full-length  portrait  by  Raeburn,  in  possession  of  his  descen- 

Robert  Cutlar- Fergusson,  M.P.,  of  Craigdarroch  (p.  403), 
is  from  a  photograph  of  a  picture  in  the  possession  of  M. 
Robert  de  Foryade,  Paris,  painted  about  1830  by  Eugene 
Brocas,  a  French  artist. 

Isle  Tower,  on  page  418,  has  been  reproduced,  by  permis- 
sion of  Messrs.  J.  Maxwell  and  Sons,  Dumfries,  from  Niths- 
dale  Illnstrcded. 



The  Bibliography  of  the  name  illustrates  with  much  force 
the  varied  spheres  in  which  the  energies  of  capable  clansmen 
have  found  scope.  The  editors  are  aware  that  it  must  neces- 
sarily be  imperfect,  but  it  has  been  prepared  after  a  careful 
examination  of  the  catalogues  of  the  leading  libraries,  and  in 
several  cases  with  the  personal  assistance  of  the  authors. 





The  name  associated  with  King  Fergus, 

The  Mythical  King  Fergus,     . 

The  Historical  King  Fergus,  . 

The  Scottish  Conquest, 

Distribution  of  the  Name, 

The  name  Fergus  among  the  Picts, 

The  Clan  Fergusa  Gall, 

Fergus,  Lord  of  Galloway, 

Fergus,  Earl  of  Buchan, 

A  Holy  Man  Fergus, 

St.  Fergus, 

The  Parish  of  St.  Fergus, 

Fergus  Brit,  second  Abbot  of  lona, 

Derivation  of  the  Name, 

Antiquity  of  the  Clan, 

Allusions  to  Traditional  Origin, 

Eeferences  by  Gaelic  Bards,    . 

'  The  Hasty  Clan,' 

The  Fergusson  Country  in  Athole, 

The  MacAdie  sept  in  Strathardle, 

The  Genealogical  ms.  of  1450, 

The  Clan  Fergus  Salach, 

Characteristics  of  the  pure  Scottish  race, 

Large  average  of  stature, 

The  Clans,  two  divisions  in  each, 


Associations  with  King  Eobert  Bruce, 

Early  evidence  of  Land  holding, 









The  Esquire  at  Bothwell,         ...... 

Connections  of  various  individuals  of  different  families  with  each  other 
Connection  of  the  name  with  national  events, 

„  ,,  various  lines  of  life, 

Landowners  of  the  name  in  1873, 
References  to  such  in  Scottish  Acts  of  Parliament, 
Fergusons  who  have  sat  in  Parliament, 
Size  of  Clan  as  compared  with  others, 
The  Tartan  and  Badge, 
Orthography  of  the  name, 
Note  on  the  name  Fergus  on  the  Sculptured  Stones  and  in  Ossianic 
Literatvire,  ....... 






Section  I.- — General. 

The  Fergusson  Country, 

Fergussons  under  the  Athole  Family, 

Antiquity  of  the  House  of  Dunfallandy, 

Duncan,  son  of  Fergus,  thirteenth  century,     . 

Balmacrucliie,  .... 

Charter  of  King  John  to  Adam  Fergusson  of  Cluny, 

'  The  most  ancient  clan,'  ... 

'  The  biggest  and  strongest  men,' 

Semus  Mor  and  the  black  bull, 

The  '  Bloody  Stone  '  of  Dunfallandy,  and  its  legend. 

The  Heir  of  Dunfallandy  and  the  Fairies, 

The  Balmacruchie  Fergussons, 

'  Big  Neill  of  the  Trouts,' 

The  Fergussons  of  Woodhill,  . 

Tradition  of  Adam  and  Gillemichael, 

Tradition  of  Adie  Biorrach  the  Bowman, 

Niall  Mor  and  the  wicked  Lady  Lindsay's  Weird, 

'  Baron  Fergusson  '  and  the  chief  Cadets,. 




An  '  Unruly  Clan,' 

Alleged  Execution  for  Gowrie  Conspiracy, 

Campaign  of  Montrose, 

Campaign  of  Dundee, 

Illustrations  of  bygone  social  conditions, 

'  The  Fifteen,' 

'  The  Forty-five,' 

Summary  of  subsequent  heads, 

Introductory  Notices — 

1.  Fergusson  of  Derculich  and  Dunfallandy, 


,,            Downy,  . 


„            Muling, 


„            Middlehaugh, 


„             Balednmnd, 


„            Ballyoukan, 


,,             Bellichandy, 


„            BellizuUand, 


„            Pitfourie, 


„            Donavourd, 


„            Inch, 


Cally,      . 


,,            Balmacruchie, 


„            Easter  Dalnabreck, 


„            Crossbill, 


„            Clao-aan, 

Extracts  from  Public  Eecords,  1483-1674,      . 


„      Kentall  of  Perthshire, 



„      Valuation           „ 

1835,    . 

Miscellaneous  Notes,  . 

Section  II. 

Fergusson  of  Derculich  and  Dunfallandy, 

The  Derculich  Titles, ...... 

The  Dunfallandy  Papers,        ..... 

Additional  Note  on  the  Family  of  General  Archibald  Fergusson, 
The  Ballad  of  Dunfallandy,     ..... 

Chapel  at  Dunfallandy,  ..... 

The  Sculptured  Stone,  ..... 



Section  III. 

Fergusson  of  Middlehaugh,     . 
The  Middlehaugh  P;ipers, 
Additional  Notes, 
Chapel  at  iJalshian, 

Section  IV. 

Fergusson  of  Baledmund, 

The  Baledmund  Papers, 

General,  1510-1711, 

Connected  with  Kising  of  1715, 

General,  1721-81,    . 

Connected  with  Rising  of  1745, 

General,  after  1756, 
Additional  Notes, 
Note  of  Fencible  Men,  1705  and  1706, 

Section  V. 

Fergusson  of  Ballyoukan, 

The  Ballyoukan  Papers  and  Titles, 
Additional  Notes, 

Section  VI. 

Fergusson  of  Bellichandy  and  Balmacruchie  or  Woodhill, 
The  Minister  of  Moulin's  MS.,    . 
Additional  Notes,  .... 

The  Minister's  Letter,  1746, 

Fergusson  of  Easter  Dalnabreck, 

Section  VII. 

Fergusson  of  Drumachoir,  and  Family  of  Rev.  Adam  Fergusson  of 
Logierait,  and  Professor  Adam  Ferguson, 

Introductory  Notice  and  Genealogy,      .... 

Notice  and  Extracts  from  Minister  of  Logierait's  ms.,  . 
Additional  Notes,  ...... 

Memoirs  by  R.  N.  Ferguson  of — 

Professor  Adam  Ferguson,  .... 

His  brother,  Robert  Fergusson,      .... 




















Kobert  Ferguson  (younger),  .  .  .160 

Captain  Joseph  Ferguson, .  .  .  .  .166 

Sir  Adam  Ferguson  and  the  family  at  Huntlyburn,  .       172 

Admiral  John  Macpherson  Ferguson,         .  .  .       180 

Colonel  James  Ferguson,    .....       185 

Abbotsford,  Huntlyburn,  Chiefswood,  ....       187 

Robert  Ferguson,  M.D.,  .  .  .  .  .193 

Letters  from  the  Huntlyburn  Family,  ....       197 

Section  VIII. 
The  M'Adi  Fergussons — Mr.  Robert  Ferguson's  Memorandum, 

Section  IX. 
Note  by  Messrs.  J.  and  Alexander  Fergusson, 

Section  X. 

Notices  of  Ministers  of  the  Name — 
Rev.  Adam  Fergusson,  Moulin, 
Adam  Fergussone,  Killin, 
Adam  Ferguson,  Logierait, 
Fergus  Ferguson,  Fortingall, 
Samuel  Fergusson,  Fortingall, 
Francis  Fergusson,  Rhynd, 
John  Ferguson,  Perth, 
John  Ferguson,  Monivaird, 






King  Robert  Bruce  in  Balquhidder,    .....       213 

'  The  ancient  family  of  Ardandamh,'  .....       214 

Fergussons  of  Carnlia,  .  .  .  .  .  .215 

Fergussons  of  Muirlaggan,       .  .  .  .  .  .215 

Note  by  Mr.  Robert  Fergusson,  Stirling,        ....       216 

Fergusson  of  Stronvar,  .  .  .  .  .  .217 

'  Rob  a  Mhinisteir,'      .......       218 




Eev.  Finlay  Fergusson,  .... 

Thomas  Fergusson  in  Strathyre, 

Notes  from  the  Parish  Register, 

Place-names  and  their  Derivation, 

Extracts  from  Public  Documents,  1480-1613, 

Old  Pulpit  Bible,         ..... 

Register  of  Diocesan  Synod  of  Dunblane, 

Eev.  Alexander  Ferguson,  Logie, 

Rev.  John  Fergusson  (of  CraighoU),  Port  of  Menteith, 

Notice  of  Mr.  Malcolm  Ferguson,  Callander, 

Fergussons  on  Loch  Earn  side. 

Notice  of  Rev.  Samuel  Fergusson,  Fortingall, 

Notice  of  Mr.  Robert  Fergusson,  Stirling, 

Fergussons  in  Argyllshire,       .... 




General — 

Charter,  1364, 'EgonifilioFergusii,'       .  .  .  .238 

Family  of  Auchtererne,    ......  238 

Suggested  descent  of  Robert  Fergusson,  the  Poet,          .             .  238 

Rev.  Adam  Fergusson,  Crathie,  afterwards  at  Logierait,             .  239 

Fergusson  of  Kirkhill — Aberdeen  family,            .             .             .  239 

James  Ferguson,  the  Astronomer,            ....  239 

Donald  Ferguson,  from  Corgarff, .....  239 

Fergusons  of  Badifurrow,  Pitfour,  Kinmundy,  etc. — 

Ancient  connection  with  Inverurie,         ....  240 

Notes  on  the  Kinmundy  ms.,  .....  240 
St.  Polnar's  Churchyard,  Inverurie,  .  .  .  .241 
The  Old  Church  of  Deer,              .             .             .             .             .241 

The  Greyfriars  Vault,  and  Abbey  of  Deer,          .             .             .  242 

The  Kinmundy  ms.  (annotated) — 

Traditionary  origin,          ......  243 

William  Ferguson  (I.)  of  Badifurrow,  M.P.,  1661,          .             .  245 

Robert  Ferguson,  the  Plotter,      .....  245 



Ferguson  of  Pitfour — 

William  (11.)  of  Badifurrow,        .  .  .  .  .247 

James  (III.)  of  Pitfour,    ......  247 

James  (IV.)  of  Pitfour  (Lord  Pitfour),     ....  248 

James  (V.)  of  Pitfour,  M.P.,        .  .  .  .  .254 

Patrick,  Lieut.-Col.,         ......  259 

George,  Governor  of  Tobago,        .....  260 

Daughters  of  Lord  Pitfour,          .....  261 

Admiral  George  Ferguson  (VI.)  of  Pitfour,         .             .             .  261 
Colonel  George  Arthur  (VII.)  of  Pitfour,             .             .             .261 

Captain  Arthur  George  (VIII.)  yr.  of  Pitfour,     .             .             .  261 

Other  children  of  Colonel  George  Arthur,            ...  262 

Ferguson  of  Kinmundy — 

James  (II.)  of  Balmakelly,  Major-General,         .            .            .  263 

James  (III.)  of  Kinmundy,          .....  265 

James  (IV.)  of  Kinmundy,           .....  270 

James  (V.)  of  Kinmundy,            .....  271 

James  (VI.)  of  Kinmundy,           .....  272 

James,  yr.  of  Kinmundy,             .....  272 

William  (VII.)  of  Kinmundy,      .             .             ...             .  272 

James  (VIII.)  yr.  of  Kinmundy,              ....  273 

James  (IX.),         .......  273 

Thomas  Ferguson  (V.),  W.S.  (1786-1828),  and  his  descendants,  273 

Other  collaterals, .......  274 

Notes  from  the  Kinmundy  Papers,          ....  274 

George  Ferguson  (II.)  and  his  descendants — 

William  Ferguson  (III.), ......  278 

George  Ferguson  (IV.),    ......  278 

William  Ferguson  (V.),    ......  278 

Captain  John  Ferguson,  E.N.,  '  the  black  captain,'        .             .  279 

Other  descendants,            ......  281 

John  Ferguson  (II.)  of  Stonehouse,  and  his  descendants — 

William  Ferguson  (III),              .....  282 

Alexander  Ferguson  (IV.),           .....  282 

Other  descendants,           ......  282 

Walter  Ferguson  (II. )  and  his  descendants — 

James  Ferguson  (IIL),     ......  283 

Walter  Ferguson  (IV.)  of  Kinnaird,         ....  283 




Captain  James  Ferguson,  E.N.,  .....  284 

Other  descendants,           ......  287 

John  and  Janet  Ferguson  (II.)  and  their  descendants — 

John  Ferguson  (III.),       ....••  288 

Alexander  Ferguson  (IV.  ),..•••  288 

Other  descendants,           ......  289 

Family  represented  by  Mr.  George  Ferguson  and  Rev.  John  Ferguson, 

Dean  of  Moray,    .......  291 

Descendants  of  Rev.  John  Fergusson,  Minister  of  Glengairn,             .  292 

Robert  Fergusson,  the  Poet,    ......  295 

James  Ferguson,  the  Astronomer,       .....  300 

Notices  of  Ministers  of  the  Name — 

Rev.  Alexander  Ferguson,  Crathie,          ....  306 

Rev.  Adam  Fergusson,  Crathie  (Logierait),         .             .             .  306 

Rev.  John  Fergusone,  Glenmuick,           ....  307 

Rev.  John  M'Gregor  Fergusson,  New  Pitsligo,  .             .             .  307 

Extracts  from  Public  Records,  1364-1655,      .  .  .  .307 



General — 

Robert  Fergusson,  M.P.  for  Inverkeithing, 
Fergussons  in  Kirkcaldy, 

Family  of  Raith,  ..... 
Four  generations  in  the  Church,  . 

Ferguson  of  Raith — 

Account  of,  ....  . 

Extract  of  family  pedigree, 

David  Fergusson,  the  Reformer,  and  his  family  — 
Memoir  of,  ...  . 

Descendants  of,    . 
Rev.  David  Fergusson,  Strickmartin, 

Fergusson  of  Balbeuchlie, 
Fergusson  of  Ethie-Beaton, 








Extracts  from  Public  Records,  1373-1699,      . 

Notices  of  Ministers  of  the  Name — 

Rev.  David  Fergussone,  Dunfermline, 
„    James  Fergusson,  Beath,     . 
„     David  Fergusson,  Strathmartin, 
„    Griffith  Ferguson,  Dunnichen, 
„    Donald  Ferguson,  Dunnichen, 
„    James  Ferguson,  Arbroath, 
„    David  Fergussone,  Farnell, 
„    David  Fergusson  (son),  Farnell, 
„    Andrew  Ferguson,  Maryton, 
,,    David  Scott  Fergusson,  Strachan, 







General — 

The  Family  of  Kilkerran,  .  .  .  .  .334 

Leading  Cadet  Families, ......       335 

Fergusson  of  Kilkerran — 

Account  of,  by  Lord  Hermand,  from  Playfair's  Br.  Fam.  Ant,        337 
Notice  of,  from  Paterson's  History  of  Ayrshire  Families,  .       343 

Supplementary  extract  from  the  Landed  Gentry,  .  .       347 

Extracts  from  Public  Records,  1466-1650,  .  .  .351 

Fergusson  of  Dalduff — 

Notice  of  (Paterson's  Hist.),        .....       356 
Extracts  from  Public  Records,  1557-1653,  .  .  .       356 

Fergusson  of  Auchinsoul — 

Notice  of  (Paterson's  Hist.),         .....       358 
Extracts  from  Public  Records,  1593-1620,  .  .  .359 

Fergusson  of  Threave — 

Extracts,  1580-1668,        ......       359 

Fergussons  of  Littleton,  etc. — 

Note  by  Rev.  William  Fergusson,  Shannaburn, .  .  .       361 

Fergusson  of  Letterpin — 

Extracts,  1601-1612,         .  .  .  .  .  .363 



Fergusson  of  Finnart — 

Notice  of  (Paterson's  Hist.), 

Fergusson  of  Millenderdaill — 

Notice  of  (Paterson's  Hist.),         .  . 

Extract,  1677,      .  .  .  .  . 

Fergusson  of  the  Craig — 

Notice  of  (Paterson's  Hist.), 

Fergusson  of  Castlehill — 

Extract,  .  .  .  .  . 

Fergussons  of  Monkwood,  Trochraigue,  Crossbill,  etc. 
Monk  wood,  notice  of  (Paterson's  Hist.), 
Trochraigue,  notice  of  (Paterson's  Hist.), 
Crosshill,  notice  of  (Paterson's  Hist.), 

William  Fergusson,  M.D., 

James  Fergusson,  his  son,  writer  on  Architecture, 

Rev.  James  Fergusson,  Kilwinning,    . 

John  Ferguson  of  Cairnbrock, 

Fergushill  Family,       .... 

General  Extracts  from  Public  Ptecords,  1489-1698, 
Notices  of  Ministers  of  the  Name — 
Rev.  Robert  Fergussone,  Colmonell, 
„    Robert  Fergusson, 
„   John  Fergussone,  Barnwell, 
„   Robert  Ferguson,  Ayr, 
„   James  Ferguson,  Kilwinning, 
„  Alex.  Fergusson, 
„   Archibald  Fergussone,  Dreghor: 
„   Robert  Ferguson,  Fenwick, 
„   Samuel  Ferguson,  Kilmaurs, 












Fergusson  of  Craigdarroch- 
Earliest  Mention  of, 



Craigdarroch  ms., 

Reference  to,  in  Scots  Acts,  1690, 

Lineal  Pedigree  of,  c.  1484-1894, 

Additional  Particulars  as  to,        . 

Notices  and  Traditions  of,  in  Nisbet's  Heraldry, 

„  „  „        Menteith's  Parish  of  Glencairn, 

„  „  ,,        M}T>ovib\Vs  Hist,  of  Bumf riea, 

„  „  ,,        Burke's  Landed  Gentry, 

General  James  Fergusson,  G.C.B., 
Extracts  from  Public  Records  relating  to,  1512-1685, 
Fergusson  of  Isle — 

Notice  of,  in  Burke's  Landed  Gentry, 
Extracts  from  Public  Records  relating  to,  1580-1679, 
Fergusson  of  Caitloch — 

Notice  of,  .... 

Act  in  favour  of,  Scots  Parliament,  1690, 
Extracts,  1665-1698, 
Fergusson  of  Over  M'Kilstoun  (1592-1611),   . 
Fergusson  of  Chapelmark  (1506-1612) 
Fergusson  of  Corrochdow  (1610-1647), 
Fergusson  of  Fourmerkland  (1694), 
Fergusson  of  Brekansyde  (1479), 
Fergusson  of  Auldgarth  (1531-1537), 
Fergusson  of  Halhill,  . 
Fergusson  of  Dowalton, 
Fergusson  of  Craivoch, 
Fergusson  of  Kerroch, 
Fergusson  of  Barfils,   . 
Fergusson  of  Kilquhanity, 
Other  Dumfries  and  Galloway  Fergussons, 
Notices  of  Ministers  of  the  Name — 

Rev.  Archibald  Fergusson,  Johnston, 

Archibald  Fergusson,  Kirkpatrick-Juxta, 
James  Ferguson,  Kirkmichael, 
Joseph  Fergusson,  Tundergarth, 
James  Fergusson,  Kelton,     . 
Robert  Fergusson,  Buittle, 
Alexander  Ferguson,  Sorbie, 
Peter  Fergusson,  Inch, 
James  Fergusson,    „ 





Fergusson  of  Spitalhaugh — 

Notice  by  Sir  James  R.  Fergusson,  Bart., 

Sir  William  Fergusson  and  his  family. 

General  William  Fergusson, 

Descent  of  (Note  by  T.  C.  Colyer-Fergusson,  Esq.), 

Burgess  Tickets  of  Lochmaben,  . 




Families  in  Edinburgh — 

At  Restalrig,        ..... 

In  Haddington,  Perth,  Renfrew,  etc.. 

In  Ross-shire — Fergussons  in  Tain, 

Fergusson  of  Balblair,     . 

Notices  of  Ministers  of  the  Name — 
Rev.  Alan  Ferguson,  Drymen, 
„     Colin  Fergusson,  Strathblane, . 
„     Alexander  Moorhead  Ferguson,  Muckhart, 
„     William  Ferguson,  Blairingone, 
,,     William  Ferguson,  Fossaway, 
„     John  Ferguson,  Whitburn, 
„     John  Ferguson  (son),  Whitburn, 
„     James  Ferguson,  Dolphinton,  . 
„     James  Ferguson,  Pettinain,     . 
„     Alexander  Ferguson,  Tobermory, 
„     James  Ferguson,  Kilmaglass,  . 
„     John  Ferguson,  Kilninver, 
,,     John  Ferguson,  Bower, 








General — 

The  Old  Irish  Pedigrees,  .... 

'  Stem  of  the  Ferguson  Family,'  .... 

'  Chief  of  Clan  Fergus,' 

'  Mac  Fergus,'      ...... 

Native  Irish,  and  Race  of  Scottish  Descent, 

Notes  upon  the  Fergusons  in  Ireland — 
(Communicated  by  Miss  Paterson), 

The  Military  Career  of  Colonel  W.  0.  Ferguson — 
(Communicated  by  Miss  Paterson), 

Sir  Samuel  Ferguson,  Q.C.,  LL.D.,  etc. — 
(Notice  of,  by  Lady  Ferguson), 
Genealogy  of  the  Fergusons  of  Fourmileburn,  and  their  Descendants' 

Fergusons  of  Fourmileburn,         .... 

Fergusons  of  Standingstone,        .... 

Fergusons  of  Thrushfield,  .... 

Fergusons  of  Ballinderry,  .... 

Fergusons  of  Tildarg,       ..... 

Fergusons  of  Drumcondra,  .... 

Additional  Notes,        ...... 

Fergusons  of  Burt  House  and  the  Farm, 

Ferguson  of  Garryduff,     ..... 

Ferguson  of  Edenderry,  ..... 

Ferguson  of  Blackwood,  ..... 

James  Frederick  Ferguson,  .... 








Ciimberland — 

Ferguson  Family  in  Carlisle, 
Oliphant-Ferguson  of  Broadfield, 





Ferguson  of  Harker,  .....       473 

Ferguson  of  Morton,  .....       474 

Ferguson  of  Houghton  Hall,  .  .  .  .       474 

Yorkshire — 

Ferguson-Fawsitt  of  Walkington  Hall,         .  .  .       475 

Devonshire — 

Ferguson-Davie  of  Greedy  Park,      .  .  .  .       476 

Oxfordshire  and  London — 

Ferguson  of '  The  Folly,'  .  .  .477 



In  Holland — 

Soldiers  of  the  Name,  .....  480 

Johan  Jacob  Ferguson  and  his  Tables,         .  .  .  480 

Family  of  M.  Jan  Helenus  Ferguson,  .  .  .  481 

William  Gouw  Ferguson — Artist,    ....  482 

In  Poland — 
General — 

Branch  of  the  Aberdeenshire  Family,  .  .  .  482 

Letter  of  Mr.  Walter  Ferguson  giving  account  of,  .  .  483 

Letter  from  Peter  Ferguson-Tepper,  .  .  .  485 

Extracts  from  Records  of  English  College  of  Arms,  .  486 

In  Ceylon — 

Alistair  Mackenzie  Ferguson,  ....       488 

John  Ferguson,         ......       493 



General,  ........  495 

Entries  in  Lyon  Register — 

(A)  Families  bearing  Boars'  Heads  and  Buckle,  .  .  .  497 

(B)  Families  bearing  the  Lion  Rampant,             .             .             .  503 
(0)  Families  bearing  other  Ensigns-Armorial,     .             .             .  505 


CONTENTS  xxvii 

Entries  in  Records  of  College  of  Arms,  London,  .             .  .  506 
Entries  in  Records  of  College  of  Arms,  Dublin,  .             .  .  508 
Coats  of  Arms  and  Crests  not  Matriculated,  but  borne  by- 
Leading  Families  of  the  Name,    ...  .             .  .  509 


1.  Ferguson  Bibliography,       .  .  .  .  .514 

2.  Men  of  the  Name,  Advocates  and  Writers  to  the  Signet,  .             .  563 

3.  Notices  in  the  Obituary  of  the  Gentlevian\s  Magazine, 

1731-80,            .......  567 

4.  List  of  Burgess  Tickets,  etc.,           .....  567 

5.  Poems  by  Fergus  Filidh,     ......  568 

6.  Gaelic  Etymology  of  Places  associated  with  the  Name,      .            .  573 

Index,              ........  575 


General  Archibald  Fergusson  of  Dunfallandy,  .  .     Frontispiece 

Little  Sunflower  and  Poplar,    .  .  .  Vignette  on  Title-page 


Fergusson  Tartan,        ......  to  face  1 

Heraldic  Plates — 

I.  Crest     of     Dunfallandy,    Middlehaugh,    and     Baledmund 

families.    Arms  of  Ferguson  from  old  Heraldic  ms.,  to  face        28 

11.  .......  to  face      240 

Ferguson  of  Pitfour  (i.  4). 
Ferguson  of  Kinmundy  (r.  2). 
William  Ferguson,  p.  278  (i.  6). 
Walter  Ferguson  of  Kinnaird  (i.  7). 

III.  .......  to  face 

Rev.  David  Fergusson  (i.  1). 

Captain  John  Ferguson,  R.N.,  p.  279  (i.  5). 
James  Ferguson  (i.  8). 
Ferguson-Tepper,  pp.  283  and  482  (ii.  1). 

IV.  .......  to  face      348 

Fergusson  of  Kilkerran  (i.  3). 

Dalrymple  of  New  Hailes  (i.  11). 
Fergusson-Buchanan  of  Auchentorlie  (i.  12). 
Fergusson-Home  of  Bassendean  (i.  9). 
Fergusson-Pollok  of  PoUok  (i.  10). 

V.  .......  toface      412 

Fergusson  of  Craigdarroch  (i.  13). 
Fergusson  of  Isle  (i.  15). 
General  James  Fergusson,  p.  413  (i.  16). 
Ferguson  of  Raith  (i.  14  and  ii.  2). 
Fergusson  of  Spitalhaugh  (i.  17). 




to  face      468 

Oliphant-Ferguson  (ii.  4). 
Ferguson-Fawsitt  (ii.  5). 
Ferguson  of  The  Farm  (iii.  1). 
Ferguson  of  Burt  House  (iii.  2). 

Fergus  (iv.  1). 
Fergus  of  Fallbower  (iv.  2). 
Fergusson-Kennedy  of  Bennane  I 
Fergus  (Montserrat)  (iv.  3). 
Ferguson-Davie  (ii.  3). 

to  face      506 


Note. — The  uumbers  in  brackets  refer  both  to  the  shields  on  the  plates  and  the 
verbal  blazon  given  in  Chaj^ter  XIII. 


House  of  Dunfallandy, 

Monument  to  General  Fergusson, 

House  of  Middlehaugh, 

S.  R.  Fergusson  of  MidcUehaugh, 

House  of  Baledmund  (old), 

House  of  Baledmund  (new),    . 

House  of  Ballyoukan, 

Professor  Adam  Ferguson, 

Mrs.  Ferguson, 

Adam  Ferguson, 

Robert  Ferguson, 

Captain  Joseph  Ferguson, 

Sir  Adam  Ferguson,    . 

The  Abbotsford  Family  and  Sir  Adam, 

Admiral  John  Macpherson  Ferguson, 

to  face 

















House  of  Pitfour,         ..... 

.       247 

Lord  Pitfour,  ...... 

.       249 

James  Ferguson,  M.P.,            .... 

.       254 

Lieut.-Col.  Patrick  Ferguson, 

.       259 

Pitfour  House — side  view,       .... 

.       262 



Brigadier  Ferguson,    . 
House  of  Kinmundy,  . 
James  Ferguson  of  Kinmundy, 
Elizabeth  Deans,  '  Lady  Kinmundy,' 
James  Ferguson,  yr.,  . 
Old  Doorway,  Kinmundy, 
Captain  James  Ferguson,  E.N., 
Robert  Fergusson,  the  Poet,   . 
James  Ferguson,  the  Astronomer, 



House  of  Raith, 

General  Sir  Ronald  Ferguson, 




House  of  Kilkerran,     . 

House  of  Kilkerran  (side  view), 



House  of  Craigdarroch,            ......  377 

Robert  Cutlar-Fergusson,  M.P.,           .....  403 

Isle  Tower,      ........  418 


House  of  Si^italhaugh, 

Sir  William  Fergusson,  Bart., 

Ightham  Mote, 




Sir  Samuel  Ferguson, 


M.  Jan  Helenus  Ferguson,      .  .  ... 








Eireas  a  Fheargliuis  ann  'us  deanas  an  iorghuill. 

Go,  now  rouse  thee  up,  Fergus,  and  mingle  boldly  in  the  fight. 

Dean  of  Listnore's  Book,  61. 

Tradition  has  it  that  the  clan  and  name  of  Fergusson  or 
Ferguson  is  among  the  very  oldest  of  the  Highland  septs,  and 
that  in  conformity  with  the  name  the  race  owed  its  origin  to 
King  Fergus.  The  traditionary  pedigrees  of  the  royal  house 
of  Scotland,  handed  down  by  the  mediieval  historians,  and 
associated  with  the  warfare  waged  Avith  the  '  auld  enemies  of 
England '  by  the  pen  as  well  as  with  the  sword,  place  the 
first  Fergus,  '  the  founder  of  Scotland's  monarchy,'  whose 
legendary  death  by  drowning  off  the  Irish  coast  gave  its 
name  to  Carrick  Fergus,  as  early  as  three  hundred  years  be- 
fore the  coming  of  our  Lord.  Modern  research  has,  however, 
conclusively  established  that  this  Fergus  is  a  mythical  per- 
sonage ;  but  it  has  as  certainly  confirmed  the  fact  that  the 
first  substantial  settlement  of  the  pure  Scottish  race  in 
Scotland  Avas  led  by  a  Fergus  who  was  of  royal  blood,  and 
whose  house  had  for  generations  enjoyed  regal  dignity  in 
Ireland,  and  was  destined  to  produce,  in  St.  Columba,  the 
founder  of  the  Celtic  Church  of  Scotland.  The  arrival  on 
the  Scottish  shores  of  the  real  King  Fergus — Fergus  Mor 
MacEarca — took  place  in  the  year  498  a.d.  He  was  the  true 
first  of  the  long  line  of  Scottish  kings,  the  attachment  of 
their  people  to  whom  is  so  quaintly  expressed  by  the  old 
Covenanter  Baillie :  — '  Had  our  throne  been  void  and  our 
voices  taken  for  the  filling  of  Fergus's  chair,  we  had  died 



ere  any  other  had  sitten  down  on  that  fatal  marble  but 
Charles  alone.'  His  descendants  formed  the  Cinel  Gabran, 
which,  with  the  Cinel  Angus  and  the  Cinel  Loarn,  the 
descendants  of  his  two  brothers,  are  described  as  '  the  three 
powerfuls  of  Dalriada' — i.e.  the  three  pure  Scotic  tribes. 
The  district  of  the  Cinel  Gabran  was  Cowal  and  Kintyre. 
Before  many  years  had  passed  the  Scots  had  extended 
themselves  beyond  Drumalban,  but  in  560  they  were  driven 
back  by  Bruide,  the  Pictish  king,  into  the  confines  of  Dalriada. 
From  Dalriada,  or  Argyllshire,  the  Scottish  race  spread  out- 
wards, partly  into  Ayrshire  and  Galloway,  and  partly  into 
the  regions  hitherto  solely  occupied  by  the  Northern  Picts— 
now  triumphing,  and  now  suffering  reverses  in  their  racial 
contests  with  the  Pictish  kings,  but  always  adding  another 
to  the  various  elements  which,  in  these  centuries,  were 
combining  to  form  the  future  Scottish  nation.  Ultimately, 
in  850  A.D.,  Kenneth  M'Alpin,  who  blended  with  his 
paternal  Scottish  blood  a  Pictish  royal  strain  from  his 
mother's  house,  favoured  by  the  weakening  of  the  Pictish 
power  through  the  incursions  of  the  Northmen,  completed 
the  ruin  of  the  Pictish  dynasty,  asserted  the  supremacy 
of  the  Scots  as  the  ruling:  race,  and  established  the  national 
monarchy  of  ancient  Alban. 

The  tradition  which  makes  the  Fergusson  clan  one  of  the 
purest  Scotic  races,  receives  some  confirmation  from  the  fact 
that  Fergusson  families  are  found  in  districts  which  from  an 
early  period  are  associated  with  the  Scottish  royal  race,  or 
with  specially  Scottish  traditions.  The  name  was,  and  is, 
numerous  in  Argyllshire,  which,  as  Dalriada,  was  the  earliest 
seat  of  the  Scots  in  Scotland,  and  especially  in  the  districts 
occupied  b}?"  the  Cinel  Gabran ;  also  in  Balquhidder,  and  in 
Athole,  in  the  neighbourhood  of  Dunkeld,  which  succeeded 
lona  as  the  chief  centre  of  the  early  Scottish  Church,  and 
which  Avas  in  the  vicinity  of  the  chief  seat  of  the  Scottish 
monarchy  at  Scone.  It  is  probable  that  from  Argyllshire 
Scots  of  the  race  crossed  to  Ayrshire  and  penetrated  to 
Dumfriesshire,  where  the  ancient  houses  of  Kilkerran  and 
Craigdarroch  have  long  '  brooked  their  possessions.'  It  is 
remarkable  that  Kilkerran  in  Ayrshire  reproduces  the  old 
Gaelic  name  of  Campbeltown — i.e.  the  Church  of  St.  Kiaran 


— and  that  near  Campbeltown  is  found  the  name  'Th'fergns,'^ 
or  Fergus's  Land.  It  is  probable  that  either  at  an  earlier 
period,  or  in  the  train  of  King  Robert  Bruce,  representatives 
of  the  race  passed  over  the  Mount  and  settled  in  Mar  and  the 
Garioch,  to  advance  in  later  years  to  the  Laigh  of  Buchan 
and  the  extreme  north-eastern  coast. 

A  second  Fergus  occurs  in  the  lists  of  the  Dalriadic  kings 
between  Fergus,  son  of  Ere,  and  Kenneth  M'Alpin ;  but  the 
name  is  also  found  among  the  Picts.  It  is,  however,  signifi- 
cant that  no  Pictish  sovereign  bears  the  name  Fersfus,  thousfh 
several  are  sons  of  Fergus.  Possibly  remembering  the  rule 
of  Pictish  succession  through  the  mother,  and  the  frequency 
of  the  king  being  the  son  of  a  Pictish  princess  and  a  husband 
of  another  royal  race,  we  may  find  in  this  an  indication  that 
the  blood  of  the  two  races  was  blended  in  those  cases. 

It  was  an  Angus  MacFergusa,  the  founder  of  St.  Andrews, 
who  in  736  inflicted  on  the  Dalriad  Scots  the  heaviest  blow 
they  ever  suffered,  and  under  which  they  seem  to  have  lain 
quiescent  for  nearly  a  century.  It  is  remarkable  that  the 
sovereign  of  the  Dalriads  and  many  of  his  race,  expelled 
from  their  own  country  by  Angus  MacFergusa,  appear  to 
have  found  a  refuge  in  Galloway.  Angus  was  succeeded  by 
his  brother,  Bruide  MacFergusa,  and  at  a  later  period 
Constantin  MacFergusa,  and  Hungas  MacFergusa  (brothers, 
789-832)  are  recorded  among  the  Pictish  kings. 

The  term  '  Clan  Fergusa  '  is  found,  at  a  very  early  period, 
distinguishing  one  branch  of  the  descendants  of  Fergus  Mor 

Dr.  Skene,  in  dealing  with  the  question,-  '  To  what  family 
of  the  Scots  of  Dalriada  did  Kenneth  (MacAlpin,  the 
vanquisher  of  the  Picts,  and  founder  of  the  Scottish 
monarchy  of  Scone)  by  paternal  descent  belong  ? '  points 
out  that,  according  to  a  tradition  preserved  in  the  '  Tract 
on  the  Men  of  Alban' — 'from  Eochaidh  Buidhe,  son  of 
Aedain,  the  king  of  Dalriada,  inaugurated  by  Saint  Columba, 
and  grandson  of  Fergus  Mor ' — whose  mother  was  a  British 
princess  of  Roman  as  well  as  British  descent — 'there  branched 
off  two  clans,  the  clan  Fergusa  Gall,  son  of  Eachach  Buidhe, 

^  The  same  name  occurs  under  the  form  Tiraigus  in  Donegal. 
-  Celtic  Scotland,  i.  322. 


or  the  Gabranaigh,  and  the  clan  Conall  Cerr,  son  of  Eochaidh 
Buidhe,  who  are  the  Men  of  Fife  in  the  sovereignt}^ ;  that  is 
the  clan  of  Kenneth,  son  of  Alpin,  son  of  Aidan.'  '  This,' 
adds  Dr.  Skene,  '  has  all  the  appearance  of  a  genuine  frag- 
ment which  has  been  preserved  from  some  older  source. 
.  .  .  We  may  therefore  conclude  that  Kenneth  MacAlpin 
belonged  to  the  Cinel  Gabran,  but  was  descended  from  a 
different  branch  than  that  which  had  furnished  the  kings 
of  that  race  to  Dalriada.'  Dr.  Skene's  reference  here  is  to 
the  kings  of  Dalriada  who  had  succeeded  Aidan,  and  who, 
a  century  earlier,  under  an  earlier  Alpin,  had  taken  refuge 
in  Galloway  when  driven  out  of  Argyll  by  Angus  Mac- 
Ferg^usa,  the  kino-  of  the  Picts  in  736. 

The  Irish  '  Tract  on  the  Men  of  Alban '  ^  gives  the  names 
of  a  number  of  descendants  of  Fergus  Mor  : — 

'  Fergus  Mor  had  one  son,  Domangart.  Domangart  had  two  sons, 
Gabran  and  Comgall,  the  two  sons  of  Feidlimidh,  daughter  of  Briuin, 
son  of  Eachach  Muigmedon.  Comgall  had  one  son,  viz.  Conall. 
Conall  had  seven  sons,  viz.  Longsech,  Nechtan,  Artan,  Tuathan, 
Tuitio,  Cairbre.  Gahran,  moreover,  had  five  sons,  viz.  Aedan, 
Eoganan,  Cuikleach,  Domnall,  Domangart. 

'  Aedan  had  seven  sons,  viz.  the  two  Eochos,  viz.  Eocho  buidhe, 
and  Eocho  find,  Tuathal,  Bran,  Baithine,  Conaing,  Gartnaidh. 
Eocho  Buidhe,  son  of  Aedan,  had  eight  sons,  viz.  Domnall  hrec,  and 
Domnal  Donn,  and  Conall  Crandomna,  and  Conall  beg,  and  Com- 
nadh  Cearr,  and  Failbi,  and  Domangart,  and  Cucenmathair. 

'  Echdaigh  fin  had  eight  sons,  viz.  Baedan,  Pardan,  Pledan,  Cor- 
mac,  Cronan,  Feradach,  Feidlimidh,  Caplin. 

'  These  are  the  sons  of  Conaing,  son  of  Aedan,  viz.  Regullan, 
Ferchar,  Artan,  Artur,  Duncan,  Domangart,  Nechtain,  Nem,  Cru- 
mene.  Four  sons  of  Gartnait,  son  of  Aedan,  viz.  two  sons  of  Tuathal, 
son  of  Morgan,  son  of  Echdach  fin,  son  of  Aedan,  son  of  Gabran.' 
This  last  sentence  is  corrupt,  or  there  is  something  omitted.  The 
names  in  italics  are  those  of  members  of  the  house  who  succeeded 
to  the  sovereignty.  .  .  .  '  The  armed  muster  of  the  Cinel  Gabran 
three  hundred.  If  the  muster,  however,  is  for  rowing,  twice  seven 
benches  of  them  the  sea  muster.  These  are  the  three  powerfuls 
of  Dalriada,  viz.  the  Cinel  Gabran,  the  Cinel  Angus,  and  the  Cinel 
Loarn.  .  .  .  The  Cinel  Gabran,  five  hundred  and  threescore  houses 

^  Chronicles  oj  the  Pkts  and  Scots,  p.  308. 


in  Kintyre,  the  district  of  Cowall,  with  the  islands.     Twice  seven 
benches  to  each  twenty  houses  their  sea  muster.' 

It  is  noticeable  that  while  no  Fergus  is  mentioned  above 
among  the  eight  sons  of  Eochaidh  Buidhe,  one  version  of  the 
MS.,  in  giving  the  list  of  kings,  after  mentioning  Donald 
Breac,  son  of  Edchach  Buidhe,  adds,  '  here  branch  off  the 
Clan  Fergusa  Gall,  son  of  Eachach  Buidhe,  id  est,  the  Gabran- 
aig  and  the  Clan  Conall  Cerr,  son  of  Eochaidh  Buidhe,'  being 
the  older  fragment  alluded  to  by  Dr.  Skene.  As  the  father 
of  Kenneth  MacAlpin  is  described  as  son  of  Aedan,  his 
ancestor  of  two  centuries  before,  and  as  this  branch  is  also 
called  the  '  Gabranaigh,'  from  the  father  of  Aedan,  it  may- 
be that  the  designative  'Clan  Fergusa'  is  taken  from  Gabran's 
grandfather,  who  led  the  Scottish  exodus.  We  shall  see, 
hoAvever,  that  there  was  also  a  Clan  Fergus  among  the 
descendants  of  King  Fergus's  brother  Lorn. 

The  name  Fergus  also  occupies  a  prominent  place  in  the 
local  annals  of  two  of  the  great  divisions  of  early  Scotland. 
In  1165,  'Fergus  Princeps  Galwaiae,'  the  great  Lord  of 
Galloway,  who  had  ruled  that  region  almost  as  an  inde- 
pendent sovereign,  and  whose  wife  was  a  daughter  of 
Henry  i.  of  England,  and  sister  of  a  queen  of  Scotland, 
assumed  the  monastic  habit  in  the  church  of  Holyrood. 
His  descendants  known  to  history  are  accounted  for  by 
one  ghastly  fratricide  on  the  shore  of  Loch  Ryan,  and  by 
subsequent  female  successions  which  carried  his  lordshi]) 
and  manors  to  the  houses  of  Balliol  and  Comyn.  Local 
tradition,  however,  attributes  to  the  Fergussons  of  Craig- 
darroch  a  descent  from  this  greatest  Fergus  of  Galloway 
tradition.  He  appears  as  Lord  of  Galloway  after  an  interval, 
'  as  to  which  Galloway  history  is  silent,  and,  strangely,  all 
clue  to  the  lineage  of  Fergus  is  lost.'  ^  But  the  Scots,  when 
driven  out  of  Dalriada,  had  established  themselves  strongly 
in  Galloway ;  and  as  it  was  from  Galloway  that  AljDin, 
the  father  of  King  Kenneth,  emerged  a  century  later,  with 
special  claims,  through  his  Pictish  blood,  upon  the  province 
of  Fife  and  the  Pictish  throne,  while  his  royal  descendants 
are  found  fully  established  in  the   suzerainty  of  Galloway 

1  Sir  Andrew  Agnew's  HemUtary  Sheriffs  of  G'aUoifay,  i.  38. 


— and  there  seems  reason  to  believe  that  the  claim  of  the 
Galloway  men  to  lead  the  van  of  the  Scottish  armies  in 
battle  had  its  origin  in  special  services  rendered  by  them 
to  Kenneth  in  his  conquest  of  Pictland,  north  of  the 
Forth— it  is  probable  that  the  blood  of  the  Dalriads  and 
the  Picts  had  been  much  mixed  in  Galloway  and  Carrick, 
and  that  the  name  Fergus  points  to  a  Scottish  strain  not 
unconnected  with  the  race  that  produced  the  Royal  House. 
Nor  is  it  perhaps  without  significance  that  when  heraldry 
lends  the  aid  of  its  testimony,  the  lion  rampant,  though  in 
different  tinctures,  is  found  as  the  arms  of  the  kingdom, 
of  the  Lords  of  Galloway,  and  as  the  principal  charge  borne 
by  the  house  of  Craigdarroch. 

In  the  far  north,  also,  the  last  Celtic  Mormaer  of  Buchan, 
whose  daughter  Marjory  married  the  head  of  the  house  of 
Comyn,  was  Fergus,  Earl  of  Buchan,  who  died  early  in  the  thir- 
teenth century.  This  Fergusius  appears  in  a  charter  of  King 
Alexander's  as  Jiisticiarius  ex  parte  boreali  Scotie,  and  a 
'  Cltarta  Fergusii  Comitis  de  Buchan  ante  annuin  Domini 
M.C.C.X.L  concessa '  of  the  three  davochs  of  Fedreth — Easter 
Auchioch,  Authetherb,  Auhethas  and  Conwiltes — was  en- 
graved from  the  original  many  years  ago,  and  bears  the 
attestation  of  Alexander  Brown,  BihliotJiecae  Facultatis 
Juridicae  apud  Scotos  Bihliothecarius,  in  these  words: 
'Cum  antographo  penes  Jacob  am  Ferguson  de  Pitfour 
rite  concorclat.'  The  Book  of  Deer  shows  that  a  previous 
Mormaer  of  Buchan,  Colban,  owed  his  position  to  his 
marriage  with  Eva,  daughter  of  Gartnait,  a  preceding 
Mormaer;  and,  in  view  of  the  Pictish  customs,  illustrated 
in  their  royal  race,  it  is  not  improbable  that  the  occurrence 
of  the  name  Fergus  points  to  an  alliance  between  a  woman 
of  the  old  Pictish  blood  and  a  Scot  of  the  Dalriadic  race. 
Fergus  was  the  grandson  of  Colban  and  Eva,  and  prior  to 
their  marriage  it  Avould  seem  that  the  sequence  had  '  followed 
in  the  main  the  Pictish  law  of  succession.'  ^ 

The  name  Fergus  is  also  associated  with  the  early  history 
of  the  Scottish  Church.  It  is  recorded  in  the  life  of  St. 
Mungo  that  when  on  his  way  from  St.  Serfs,  at  Culross,  to 
the  scene  of  his  future  labours  in  Strathclyde,  after  crossing 

I  .Skene's  Celtic  Scotland,  iii.  288. 


the  Forth  he  found  a  holy  man  named  Fergus,  who  lay  at  the 
point  of  death,  and  that  after  his  decease  St.  Mungo  carried 
his  remains  to  Glasgow,  where  they  were  laid  to  rest  in  the 
spot  on  Avhich  the  Cathedral  afterwards  rose,  and  which  thus 
witnessed  the  first  of  a  long  succession  of  Christian  burials. 

A  parish  in  Buchan,  which,  strangely  enough,  for  more 
than  a  century  has  formed  part  of  the  estates  of  the  Fergusons 
of  Pitfour,  takes  its  name  from  St.  Fergus,  of  Avhom  it  is 
recorded  that,  after  having  enjoyed  the  episcopal  dignity  in 
Ireland,  he  came  with  a  few  presbyters  and  clerics — incn 
given  to  God — to  the  western  parts  of  Scotland,  and  settled 
'  ad  confines  de  StrogetJi,'  where  he  laid  the  foundations  of 
three  churches.  He  then  betook  himself  to  Caithness,  where 
both  consonancia  verborum  and  virtutum  Jiagrancia,  he 
suaviter  attraxit  et  2^ersuasit  the  barbarous  people  to  accept 
the  faith.  From  Caithness  he  went  to  Buchan,  where  '  in 
the  place  now  commonly  called  Lungley,  he  built  a  church 
of  new,'  which  Ions:  remained  to  the  honour  of  this  sainted 
man.  From  the  wind-swept  parish  on  the  sandy  shore  of 
Buchan,  he  finally  went  to  Glamis,  where  he  consecrated  ncAv 
ccenobia  to  God  and  chose  the  place  of  his  rest.  '  The  beati- 
fied Fergus,'  says  the  Breviary  of  Aberdeen,  '  full  of  days  and 
years  in  that  new  mansion  which  he  had  dedicated  to  God, 
foretelling  the  day  of  his  death,  and  a  little  inclining  his 
head,  slept  in  God.' 

Miraculous  powers  were  attributed  to  his  relics.  His  head 
was  transferred  to  Scone ;  and  '  by  Sanct  Fei'gus'  heid  in 
Scone,'  was  a  favourite  oath  of  one  of  the  Scottish  monarchs. 
His  arm,  covered  with  silver  and  set  with  precious  stones — 
'  of  the  weight  of  18i  ounces,  believed  to  be  given  by  the 
devotion  of  the  people  or  rector  of  Skene  or  Dyce' — was, 
down  to  the  Eeformation,  a  precious  possession  of  the  cathedral 
of  St.  Machar,  at  Aberdeen.  The  old  church  of  the  parish  of 
St.  Fergus  is  described  as  situated  on  '  these  pleasant  and 
extensive  downs  called  the  Links  of  St.  Fergus.'  Among  the 
bishops  present  at  Eome  at  a  council  in  721  was  '  Fergus 
the  Pict,  a  bishop  of  Ireland.'  The  second  abbot  of  lona  Avas 
Fergus  Brit,  or  Fergna  Brit — Fergus  the  Briton  ;  but  why  he 
was  so  called  it  is  impossible  to  say,  as  he  was,  according  to 
Dr.  Skene,  undoubtedly  of  the  tribe  of  the  patron  saint. 


The  names  Fergus,  MacFliearghusa,  or  Fergusson  are  the 
same,  and  down  to  two  centuries  ago  the  forms  Fergus  and 
Ferguson  were  used  indiscriminately  in  some  famiHes.  The 
name  is  sometimes  derived  from  feargachus,  wrathful,  or  of 
a.  fiery  disposition ;  fearg  in  Gaelic  signifying  anger  or  wrath, 
find  feargach,  one  of  a  bold,  haughty,  irascible,  or  imperious 
temper.  It  has  also  been  translated  '  a  strong  man.'  Ac- 
cording to  Logan,  it  is  a  personal  appellation,  in  its  secondary 
sense  implying  a  hero,  but  primarily  signifying  a  spearman, 
being  compounded  of  fear,  a  man,  and  gais  or  geis,  a  spear, 
the  weapon  carried  by  the  gais  geach,  or  heavily-armed 
warrior  among  the  Highlanders.  It  has  been  said  that  '  the 
Clan  Mhic  Fhearsfhuis  of  Athole,  alono-  with  the  M'Diarmids 
of  Glenlj'On,  are  admitted  by  all  authorities  to  be  the  oldest 
clans  known  in  the  Highlands.'  '  The  name,'  says  Logan, 
'  may  vie  with  any  in  point  of  antiquity  and  honour ' ;  and, 
after  referring  to  the  conquest  of  Dalriada  by  King  Fergus, 
adds :  '  From  him,  as  the  first  and  most  distinguished  of  his 
name,  the  Fergusons  assert  their  origin,  a  descent  in  which 
the  most  noble  of  the  land  may  gior}^'  The  late  Dr.  M'Lachlan, 
an  eminent  authority  on  Celtic  tradition  and  literature,  once 
mentioned  that  he  had  come  across  old  women  of  the  name 
living  in  Highland  huts,  whose  circumstances  were  of  the 
poorest,  but  Avho  rejoiced  in  pedigrees  which  put  to  shame 
not  only  the  best  Norman  descent,  but  even  the  blood  of 
many  chiefs  of  Highland  clans. 

'  Though  the  Fergusons,'  says  Smibert  in  his  Clans  of 
Scotland,  'may  not  at  any  time  have  been  ranked  as  a 
proper  and  separate  clan  of  importance,  or  even  have  been 
generally  regarded  as  at  all  connected  by  blood  with  the 
Gael,  they  have  alwaj^s  formed  one  of  the  septs  of  note, 
which  lay  within  the  old  Highland  line,  and  which  adopted, 
so  far.  Highland  customs.  The  proper  seat  of  the  Fergusons 
seems  to  have  been  on  the  boundaries  of  Perth  and  Forfar- 
shires,  immediately  to  the  north  of  Dunk  eld.  .  .  .  The  mere 
name  of  the  Fergusons  would  indeed  lead  us  to  guess  that 
the  founders  of  the  family  had  a  Gaelic  origin.  As  has  been 
already  mentioned,  the  term  "  Fergus "  is  unquestionably 
Gaelic,  being  composed,  to  all  appearance,  out  of  the  Gaelic 
"  fearg,"  Avhich  signifies  "  anger,  wrath  " ;  while  its  derivative 


"  feargach  "  means  one  "bold,  irritable, haughty,  domineering"; 
and  indeed  it  is  perhaps  much  the  same  word  with  the 
Teutonic  "  fierce,"  there  being  many  such  sympathetic  simi- 
larities in  the  primitive  languages.  It  has  been  conjectured 
that  "  fear  "  (a  man)  and  "  ghais  "  or  "  gath  "  (a  spear)  constitute 
the  Erse  roots  of  the  name  of  Fergus,  but  we  must  hold  by  the 
less  far-fetched  term  of  "  fearg  "  as  the  radical  of  the  name  of 
Fergus.  From  Fergus,  when  it  became  a  pre-name,  not  to 
say  a  Christian  name,  the  generic  designation  of  the  "  Fergus- 
ons," or  "  Sons  of  Fergus,"  obviously  sprung.  At  the  same  time, 
the  Gaelic  origin  of  the  word  Fergus  by  no  means  demon- 
strates that  all  bearing  it  or  its  derivatives  must  have  been 
of  Gaelic  blood.  The  glaringly  anti-Gaelic  name  of  Norman 
became  a  favourite,  for  example,  in  many  purely  Celtic 
families.  So  that  we  are  only  justified  in  holding,  at  the 
most,  that  the  primary  Ferguses  and  Fergusons  at  least 
participated  in  the  blood  of  the  Gael,  whom  they  closely 
adjoined  locally.  Our  general  conclusion  thus  is,  that  the 
primitive  and  proper  Fergusons  were  in  part  Gaelic'  '  The 
Fergusons,'  he  adds,  '  appear  as  early  inhabitants  of  portions 
of  Mar  and  Athole,  where  their  proper  seat  as  a  clan  certainly 
lay  originally.  They  are  named  in  the  Roll  of  1587  as  among 
the  septs  of  these  regions,  having  chiefs  and  captains  of 
their  own ;  and  they  were  at  that  epoch  ranked  as  at  least 
Highland  borderers,  if  not  absolutely  as  Highlanders.'  In 
this  passage  it  would  seem  that  the  Gaelic  origin  of  the  Fer- 
gussons  is  unduly  under-estimated.  The  Avriter  seems  to 
have  based  his  conclusions  on  the  fact  that  '  the  Fergusson 
country'  was  just  within  the  old  Highland  Ime,  and  on  the 
Highland  borders.  But  the  character  of  that  country  is  as 
completely  Highland  as  that  of  the  region  on  the  other  side 
of  Dunkeld  is  Lowland.  The  prevalence  of  the  name  in 
Balquhidder,  and  in  the  Cowal  district  of  Argyllshire  is 
also  overlooked,  and  there  is  no  reference  to  its  survival  in 
Ireland,  and  the  historical  data  which  reveal  the  footprints 
of  the  Dahiad  Scots  in  nearly  every  region  where  it  was 

General  Stewart  of  Garth,  one  of  the  highest  authorities  on 
the  Highlanders  of  Scotland,  who  was  intimately  acquainted 
with  all  the  families  of  Athole  Fergnssons  and  their  history. 


says  in  his  Sketches  of  tJte  HigJdanders  of  Scotland :  ^  '  The 
Robertsons  and  Farquharsons  change  the  Celtic  Mac  to  the 
Scottish  son,  as  the  Fersfussons  have  done,  although  the  last 
is  sup]30sed  to  be  one  of  the  most  ancient  names  of  any,  as 
pronounced  in  Gaelic,  in  which  language  the  modern  name 
Fergusson  is  totally  unknown.'  '  I  have  never  yet,'  writes  a 
clansman,  '  met  a  Highland  Fergusson  who  did  not  claim 
descent  from  King  Fergus,  whatever  district  he  came  from ; 
they  all  agree  in  that.' 

There  are  two  interesting  old  allusions  to  this  ancient  tradi- 
tion. In  an  interview  with  King  James  vi.  David  Fergusson, 
the  Reformer,  was  discussing  the  feuds  between  the  great 
families.  '  If  you  go  to  surnames,'  said  he  jocularly,  '  I  will 
reckon  with  the  best  of  you  in  antiquity ;  for  King  Fergus 
was  the  first  king  in  Scotland,  and  I  am  Fergus-son ;  but 
always.  Sir,  because  you  are  an  honest  man  and  hath  the 
possession,  I  will  give  you  my  right.'  The  joke  pleased  King 
James,  and  he  exclaimed  :  '  See,  will  you  hear  him.'  Similarly, 
in  1765,  Henry  Fergusson,  brother  of  the  poet,  wrote :  '  I  am 
the  son  of  the  ancient,  the  royal  Fergus.'  This  tradition- 
ary descent  is  ahvays  alluded  to  in  the  old  songs  on  the 
gathering  of  the  clans,  in  which  the  Fergussons  are  men- 
tioned. For  example,  M'Gregor  in  his  '  Oran  nan  Fineachan,' 
says  :— 

'  Ach  com  an  leiginn  dearmid  air 
Clann  Fhearghuis  nan  garbh  thiirn  ; 
Sliochd  a  cheud  Righ  Albanaich 
A  chum  air  coir  's  na  garbh-chriochan  : 
Mar  leomhuim  chahna  gharga  iad, 
'Nuair  dh'  fhalbhadli  iad  le  surd  ; 
Clogaid,  sleagh  's  lurach-mhuallach, 
Sud  bhu  ac'  'o  tlius.' 

'  And  wherefore  would  I  now  forget 
Clan  Fergus  of  the  brave  deeds  ; 
Descendants  of  the  first  King  of  Alban, 
Who  defended  our  rights  to  our  mountain-land, 
Like  a  lion  strong  and  fierce  are  they 
When  they  march  on  with  glee  ; 
A  helmet,  spear,  and  coat  of  mail, 
Was  what  they  had  of  old.' 

1  Vol.  i.  p.  98. 


Another  old  bard  sings  of  Clan  Fergus : — 

'  Sliochd  nam  fear  nacli  robh  cearbach 
Thanaig  sios  o'  Righ  Fearghuis, 
A  righicli  air  Albain  'o  thus.' 

'  Sons  of  the  men  who  never  were  unready 

(with  their  arms  and  armour), 
Who  descended  down  from  King  Fergus, 
The  first  king  who  reigned  over  Alban.' 

The  Fergussons  were  also  known  in  Gaelic  as  '  the  hasty 
clan ' :  ^  and  that  they  were  a  hot-tempered  race,  with  their 
own  share  of  the  'p'^rfervidiim  ingenium  Scotormn,  is  sup- 
ported by  more  than  one  old  tradition.  They  are  described 
in  1590  as  '  an  unruly  clan.' 

'  Ferguson  or  Fergusson,'  says  Anderson  in  The  Scottish 
Nation,  '  was  the  surname  of  a  Highland  sept  which  had  its 
seat  on  the  borders  of  the  counties  of  Perth  and  Forfar, 
immediately  to  the  north  of  Dunkeld,  and  the  distinctive 
badge  of  which  was  the  little  sunflower.  In  the  roll  of  1587 
they  are  named  as  among  the  septs  of  Mar  and  Athole, 
where  their  proper  seat  as  a  clan  originally  lay,  having  chiefs 
and  captains  of  their  own.'  '  The  Fergussons,'  says  one 
authority,  '  followed  the  Dukes  of  Athole.'  The  clan  badge 
has  also  been  said  to  be  the  poplar,  and  also  the  bog-myrtle, 
but  the  '  Fergusson  country '  proper  was  undoubtedly  in  the 
vale  of  Athole  and  Strathardle.  Of  one  branch  of  the  clan 
it  may  be  possible  to  carry  the  genealogy  very  far  back 
indeed.  The  earliest  Fergussons  in  Strathardle  are  said  to 
have  been  a  very  ancient  race,  possessing  a  distinctive 
patronymic  of  their  own.  '  Each  sept  or  family  of  a  High- 
land clan,'  writes  Mr.  Charles  Fergusson,  '  generally  had  a 
different  patronymic.  For  instance,  in  the  great  clan  Donald, 
M'Donnell  of  Glengarry  was  "  Mac  Mhic  Allister  " ;  M'Donald 
of  Keppoch  was  "  Mac  Mhic  Raonuill " ;  Clanranald  was 
"  Mac  Mhic  Alein,"  and  Glenco  "  Mac  Mhic  Ian,"  etc.  So 
amongst  the  clan  Fergus  the  Dunfallandies  were  always 
"  Mac  Fhearghuis  "  or  Baron  M'Fergus  (in  Gaelic  pronounced 
like  "  Mac-Kerrash  "),  while  Balmacruchie  was  "  Mac  Adie  " 
(M'Ady,  i.e.  M'Adam).     Even  the  families  of  this  sept  that 

1  Statement  by  Rev.  Donald  Fergusson  (of  the  family  of  Easter  Dul- 


left  Strathardle  and  settled  in  the  vale  of  Athole  under  the 
Dunfallandies  were  always  known  as  "  Mac-Adies." '  '  Sir 
Walter  Scott's  Journal  contains  an  allusion  to  the  Gaelic 
form  of  the  name  here  appropriated  to  the  Tummelside 
Fergussons.  Referring  to  his  friend  Captain  Adam,  after- 
wards Sir  Adam  Ferguson,  and  neighbour  at  Huntlyburn,  he 
describes  him  as  a  Highlander  whose  forebears  were  known 
as  M'Erries ;  and  in  the  Introduction  to  the  Chronicles  of  the 
Canongate  it  is  stated  that  Scott  got  much  of  the  informa- 
tion for  The  Surgeons  Daughter  from  Colonel  James  Ferguson, 
brother  of  Sir  Adam,  who  is  himself  depicted,  disguised  as 
'  M'Erries,'  the  Celtic  form  of  his  name.  In  more  than  one 
case  the  names  of  early  ministers  of  the  Scottish  Church 
have  been  handed  down  alternatively  as  '  Ferries '  or 
'  Ferguson.'  The  M'Adie  Fergusons  of  Balmacruchie  have 
been  identified  by  Mr.  Charles  Fergusson  with  the  '  Clan 
Aid,'  whose  genealogy  is  given  in  a  Gaelic  MS.  of  1467,  which 
has  been  the  subject  of  some  controversy  among  Celtic 
scholars.  Assuming  the  authenticit}^  of  the  MS.,  there  are 
somewhat  remarkable  reasons  in  favour  of  the  identification. 
Balmacruchie  was  in  the  parish  of  Kirkmichael.  Gillemichel 
M'Ade  and  his  son  Cearmac  are  famous  in  Strathardle  tra- 
dition ;  and  the  Chartulary  of  Moray  records  ^  that  in  1232 
Gillemichel,  the  son  of  Adam,  excambs  a  davoch  of  the  lands 
of  Pitcarmick  in  Strathardle  with  the  bishop  of  Moray  for 
the  lands  of  Delays  Michael  in  Strathspey,  Pitcarmick  being 
the  farthest  west  farm  of  Balmacruchie. 
The  genealogy  runs  thus : — 

'  Genelach  clanii  Aid  anso  : — 

'  Fearchar  mhic  Imair,  mhic  Gillachrist,  nihic  Gilleeasp,  mlfic  Gille 
.  .  .  mhic  Gillachrist,  mhic  Cormac,  mhic  Gillamitel,  mhic  Aid, 
mhic  Gallbuirt,  mhic  Gillacatan,  mhic  Domnaill,  mhic  Eogan,  mhic 
Filip,  mhic  Disiab,  mhic  Eirdi,  mhic  Angusa,  mhic  Finlaeic,  mhic 
Carla,  mhic  Domnaill  og,  mhic  Domnaill  dnin,  mhic  Fearadaig.' 

'  The  genealogy  of  Clan  Aid  here  : — 

'Farquhar  son  of  Ivor,  son  of  Gillechrist,  son  of  Archibald,  son 
of  Gille  .  .  .  son  of  Gillechrist,  son  of  Cormac,  son  of  Gillemichael, 
son  of  Aid  (or  Adam),  son  of  Gallbuirt,  son  of  Gillecattan,  son  of 
Donald,  son  of  Evan,  son  of  Philip,  son  of  Disiab,  son  of  Eirdi,  son 

1  P.  S7. 


of  Angus,  son  of  Finlaeic,  son  of  Carla,  son  of  Donald  Og  (young 
Donald),  son  of  Donald  Don  (brown  Donald),  son  of  Fearadaig.' 

From  other  sources  ^  it  appears  that  this  Fearadaig 
(Feradach  Finn)  was  son  of  Fergus,  son  of  Coluini,  son  of 
Boetain,  son  of  Ecdach,  son  of  Muredaig,  son  of  Lorn  Mor, 
son  of  Ere,  son  of  Eachach  Muinremair.  Consequently,  '  if 
this  genealogy  be  correct  the  clan  Ade  are  descended,  not  as 
most  Fergnssons  claim,  from  Fergus  Mor  M'Eirc,  but  from 
his  elder  brother,  Lorn  Mor  M'Eirc'  - 

The  '  Tract  on  the  Men  of  Alban '  says  :  '  These  are  the  sons 
of  Lorn  Mor,  viz.  Eochaidh,  Cathbad,  Muredach,  Fuindenam, 
Fergus  Salach,  Danmaine,  Others  say  that  Lorn  Mor  had 
only  three  sons,  viz.  Fergus  Salach,  Muredach,  and  Maine. 

'  These  are  the  powerfuls  of  the  Cinel  Lorn,  viz.  the  Cinel 
Fergus  Salach,  the  Cinel  Cathbath,  and  the  Cinel  Eachaidh, 
son  of  Muredach.  Cinel  Fergus,  sixty  houses.  The  armed 
muster  of  the  Cinel  Lorn,  700  men. 

'  Fergus  Salaig  had  five  sons,  viz.  Caeldub,  thirty  houses 
to  them,  and  his  wife  was  Croclu,  daughter  of  Dallain,  son  of 
Eogan,  son  of  Neill.  Fergna,  fifteen  houses  to  him.  Eogan, 
five  houses  to  him.  Baedan,  five  houses  to  him.  Muredach, 
son  of  Lorn,  had  two  sons,  viz.  Cathbad  and  Eochaidh. 
Eochaidh,  son  of  Muredaig,  had  five  sons,  viz.  Feradach, 
twenty  houses  to  him.'  Thus  while  the  Cinel  Lorn  contained 
a  subdivision  designed  as  the  Clan  Fergus  Salach,  they  were 
descended  from  a  brother  of  the  progenitor  of  the  line  given 
in  the  ms.  of  1467 ;  but  in  that  line  there  also  occurred  a 
Fergus  in  the  father  of  Feradach  Finn. 

Whatever  may  be  the  value  of  these  old  traditions,  and  of 
the  Gaelic  genealogy  quoted,  it  seems  at  all  events  certain 
that  the  original  stock  of  the  Fergusons  was  of  the  unmixed 
Scottish  race,^  and  of  what  is  known  in  Ireland  as  the  pure 

1  Chronicles  of  Picts  and  Scots,  p.  316. 

-  Mr.  Charles  Fergusson. 

■*  It  is,  however,  interesting  to  notice  the  fact  mentioned  in  a  letter  from 
Dr.  R.  M.  Ferguson,  Edinburgh  : — '  Is  there  no  probability  that  our  name 
may  also  be  Scandinavian  ?  I  was  in  Copenhagen  many  years  ago,  and 
passing  through  one  of  the  cemeteries  I  was  struck  with  the  names  on  the 
tombstones.  Every  Scotch  name  ending  in  son  had  a  similar  Danish  name 
in  sen.  One  name  was  very  common — Bcirgeson.  The  B  stroked,  I  was  told, 
sounded  like  F,  and  the  o  modified  as  in  German.      When  pronounced  it 


Milesian  strain.  It  may  be  interesting  to  quote  a  passage, 
givinaf  the  characteristics  of  the  three  original  races  of 
Ireland,  which  Dr.  Skene  has  transcribed  in  his  Celhc 
Scotland,  from  O'Curry's  Manners  and  Customs  of  the 
Ancient  Irish,  in  which,  again,  it  was  stated  to  have  been 
'  taken  from  an  old  book ' : — 

'Every  one  Avho  is  white  of  skin,  brown  of  hair,  bold,  honour- 
able, daring,  prosperous,  bountiful  in  the  bestowal  of  property, 
wealth,  and  rings,  and  who  is  not  afraid  of  battle  or  of  combat, 
they  are  the  descendants  of  the  sons  of  Miledh  in  Erinn.  Every 
one  who  is  fair-haired,^  vengeful,  large;  and  every  plunderer,  every 
musical  person,  the  professor  of  musical  and  entertaining  per- 
formances, who  are  adepts  in  all  Druidical  and  magical  arts,  they 
are  the  descendants  of  the  Tuatlia  de  Danaan  in  Erinn  (i.e.  the 
Cruithne,  or  Picts).  Every  one  who  is  black-haired,  who  is  a 
tattler,  guileful,  tale-telling,  noisy,  contemptible;  every  wretched, 
mean,  strolling,  unsteady,  harsh  and  inhospitable  person  ;  every 
slave,  every  mean  thief,  every  churl,  every  one  who  loves  not  to 
listen  to  music  and  entertainment,  the  disturbers  of  every  council 
and  every  assembly,  the  promoters  of  discord  among  the  people, 
these  are  the  descendants  of  the  Fir-bolg,  the  Fir-Gailian  of 
Liogairne,  and  of  the  Fii^-domnan  in  Erinn.' 

It  has  been  said  that  in  Athole,  a  country  of  large,  well- 
made  men,  the  Fergussons  were  the  biggest  and  the  strongest. 
In  other  districts  of  Scotland  families  of  the  name  can  also 
be  found  remarkable  for  the  high  average  of  their  stature. 
But  it  may  be  hoped  that  there  is  not  elsewhere  a  frequent 
occurrence  of  the  phenomenon  gravely  communicated  to  the 
old  Statistical  Account  by  the  worthy  minister  of  Comrie  : — 
'  Colics,  too,  have  sometimes  proved  fatal,  particularly,  it  is 
remarked,  to  those  of  the  name  of  Ferguson.' 

It  has  been  stated  by  an  official  of  the  Scottish  Lyon  Ofiice — 
now,  alas !  no  more,  who  in  knowledge  of  Scotland  and  of 
Scottish  families  stood  second  to  none — that  it  was  the 
practice  of  Scottish  heralds,  when  approached  in  reference  to 

sounded  almost  identical  with  our  name.  Should  we  not  therefore  search 
for  our  name  among  the  Vikings  instead  of  among  the  wilds  of  Balquhidder 
and  Athole  ? ' 

^  The  red  hair  of  the  Caledonian  Picts  had  attracted  the  attention  of  the 


grants  of  arms,  to  consider  carefully  the  name  with  which 
they  had  to  deal.  If  it  was  clearly  of  Saxon  derivation,  and 
taken  from  an  occupation,  as  Baxter  or  Baker,  Webster, 
Smith,  Wright,  and  many  others  which  can  be  easily 
imagined,  there  was  no  presumption  of  a  common  origin  or 
clan  connection  with  others  similarly  designed.  If,  however, 
it  was  a  clan  name,  and  especially  if  it  were  one  of  the  well- 
known  Highland  patronymics,  there  was  a  presumption  in 
favour  of  a  common  origin  or  such  connection  as  was  denoted 
by  the  sobriquet  of  the  ' "  Bow  o '  Meal "  Gordons,'  recognised 
by  the  official  guardians  of  genealogy,  and  its  handmaid, 
heraldry,  in  Scotland. 

It  is  necessary  to  remember  that,  as  pointed  out  by 
Dr.  Skene,^  the  clans  consisted  of  two  divisions — '  the  one  of 
the  kinsmen  or  those  of  the  blood  of  the  sept ;  the  other  of 
the  dependants  or  subordinate  septs,  who  might  be  of  a 
different  race.'  The  former  was  well  defined.  In  the 
Gartmore  ms.,  written  in  the  year  1747,  the  writer  says: 
'  The  property  of  these  Highlands  belongs  to  a  great  many 
dift'erent  persons,  who  are  more  or  less  considerable  in 
proportion  to  the  extent  of  their  estates,  and  to  the  com- 
mand of  men  that  live  upon  them,  or  follow  them  on 
account  of  this  clanship  out  of  the  estates  of  others. 
These  lands  are  set  by  the  landlord  during  jDleasure,  or  a 
short  tack  to  people  whom  they  call  goodmen  (Diuvne 
Uasail),  and  who  are  of  a  superior  station  to  the  com- 
monalty. These  are  generally  the  sons,  brothers,  cousins, 
or  nearest  relations  of  the  landlord  (or  chief).  This,  by 
means  of  a  small  portion,  and  the  liberality  of  their  relations, 
they  are  able  to  stock,  and  which  they,  their  children  and 
grandchildren  possess  at  an  easy  rent,  till  a  nearer  descendant 
be  again  preferred  to  it.  As  the  propinquity  removes  they 
become  less  considered,  till  at  last  they  degenerate  to  be  of 
the  common  people,  unless  some  accidental  acquisition  of 
wealth  supports  them  above  their  station.  As  this  hath  been 
an  ancient  custom,  most  of  the  farmers  and  cottars  are  of  the 
name  and  clan  of  the  proprietor.'  'The  position  of  the 
dependent  septs,'  writes  Dr.  Skene, '  will  be  best  understood 
by  the  bonds  of  Manrent  or  Manred,  which  came  to  be  taken 

^  Celtic  Scotland,  iii.  318. 


by  tlie  chiefs  from  their  dependants  when  the  relation  con- 
stituted by  usage  or  traditional  custom  was  relaxed  by  time, 
or  when  a  new  relationship  was  constituted  at  a  later  period.' 
Of  these  bonds  it  was  frequently  a  condition  that  the  name 
of  the  superior  should  be  assumed.  Thus  we  find  Macgregors 
binding  themselves  and  their  descendants  to  '  call  themselves 
and  to  be  Gordons.' 

From  an  early  period  Fergusons  are  found  settled  in  widely 
distant  parts  of  Scotland ;  more  especially  in  Perthshire, 
Aberdeenshire,  Ayrshire,  and  Dumfriesshire.  Between  these 
families  no  definite  link  of  j)i'oved  relationship  can  be  estab- 
lished, but  interesting  traditions  and  curious  coincidences 
suggest  that  all  may  originally  have  come  from  a  common 
source.  We  shall  find  statements  of  an  old  connection 
between  the  Aberdeenshire  and  Athole  stocks,  one  curious 
tradition  that  a  fugitive  from  Ayrshire,  said  to  be  from 
Kilkerran,  settled  in  Athole,  and  another  also  in  Athole, 
pointing  to  a  connection  with  Craigdarroch.  There  was 
also  a  tradition  among  the  old  Fergusson  families  of  Bal- 
quhidder  connecting  them  with  the  house  of  Craigdarroch, 
whose  head,  it  was  said,  they  looked  upon  as  their  chief.  On 
the  other  hand,  Dumfriesshire  contributes  the  remarkable 
legend,  that  the  twelve  sons  of  a  laird  of  Craigdarroch,  seized 
for  their  reiving  propensities,  were  sent  to  various  parts  of  the 
country,  and  that  one  at  least  was  ancestor  of  the  house  of 

According  to  Highland  tradition,  the  Fergusons  bore  their 
full  share  of  the  fighting  at  Bannockburn.  They  are  said, 
along  with  the  Clan  Chattan,  the  Stewarts,  the  Mackays,  and 
others,  to  have  formed  one  of  the  divisions  on  the  Scottish 
left.  This  division  advanced  too  far  in  its  ardour,  was  sorely 
harassed  by  a  body  of  10,000  English  archers,  and  only  re- 
lieved by  the  timely  charge  of  the  Scottish  cavalry  under 
Sir  Robert  Keith,  the  Marischal.^  Whatever  may  be  the 
historical  value  of  this  tradition,  it  is  an  interesting  fact  that 
more  than  one  Ferguson  family  has  its  own  special  associa- 
tions with  the  days  of  the  Bruce. 

The   Athole   clan,   the  Aberdeenshire   stock,  now   locally 

1  The  Red  and  White  Book  of  Menziem,  p.  52,  and  communication  from  tlie 
author,  D.  P.  Menzies,  P]sq. 

on  FEEGUSON  17 

represented  by  the  families  of  Pitfoiir  and  Kinmiuidy,  and  the 
houses  of  Kilkerran  in  Ayrshire,  and  Craigxlarroch  and  Isle 
in  Dumfriesshire,  all,  either  by  tradition  firmly  held,  or  by 
charter  evidence,  were  established  in  their  respective  counties 
at  the  era  of  the  War  of  Independence.  In  most,  if  not  in  all, 
of  these  families,  tradition  connects  their  fortunes  with  those 
of  King  Robert  the  Bruce  and  the  national  cause.  It  is 
perhaps  worth  remembering  in  this  connection  that  the 
Bruce  was  lord  of  Annandale  in  Dumfriesshire,  Earl  of  Carrick 
in  Ayrshire,  and  the  inheritor  of  the  Aberdeenshire  estates 
as  Avell  as  of  the  royal  descent  of  David,  Earl  of  Huntingdon 
and  Garioch.  To  his  patronage  and  policy  the  royal  burghs 
of  Inverurie  in  the  Garioch,  and  of  Lochmaben  in  Dumfries- 
shire, alike  owed  their  early  prosperity  and  peculiar  condi- 
tions which  connected  families  either  of  small  landholders 
or  kindly  tenants  with  each.  And,  curiously  enough,  the 
name  of  Ferguson  has  been  long  associated  with  both.  It 
is  also  interesting  to  note  that  the  Patriot  King  hunted 
the  deer  on  the  hills  of  Strathardle,  and  specially  enjoyed 
the  salmon  with  Avhich  the  table  of  the  monks  of  Cupar 
was  supplied  from  their  farms  in  that  valley.  Balquhiclder, 
where  Fergussons  are  numerous,  was  the  scene  of  some  of 
his  most  gallant  achievements. 

Robert  I.  granted  a  charter  of  Ayrshire  lands  to  Fergus,  son 
of  Fergus  ;  and  Burns  sings  of  Craigdarroch,  as 

'A  line  that  have  struggled  for  freedom  Avith  Bruce.' 

There  is,  however,  charter  evidence  which  suggests  that 
the  Fergussons  were  located  in  the  Glencairn  region  of 
Dumfriesshire  at  least  a  century  before  Bannockburn ;  for 
two  charters  dated  between  1214  and  1249,  to  the  abbeys  of 
Melrose  and  Dry  burgh  are  witnessed  by  Fergus  or  Fergutianus 
of  Glenkarn.  The  entry  in  the  Chartulary  of  Moray,  if  it 
refers  to  Fergussons  at  all,  proves  that  the  MacAdie  Fergussons 
were  established  in  Strathardle  at  least  as  early ;  and  the  fact 
that  a  baron  of  Derculich  had  to  raise  an  action  to  recover  his 
writs  in  the  time  of  James  v.,  has  preserved  for  us  the  fact 
that  the  house  of  Dunfallandy  had  a  charter  of  lands  in 
Perthshire  in  the  time  of  John  Balliol.      Duncan,  son  of 



Fergus,  witnessed  a  grant  by  Malise,  Earl  of  Strathearn,  in 
the  thirteenth  century. 

An  esquire  of  the  name  is  found  in  the  War  of  Independence 
in  company  very  different  from  that  with  which  his  name  is 
generally  associated.  Among  the  garrison  of  sixty  men,  all 
Scotsmen,  under  command  of  Walter  Fitz-Gilbert,  acting  for 
the  owner,  Aymar  de  Valence,  who  held  the  castle  of  Both- 
Avell  for  the  English  until  after  the  battle  of  Bannockburn, 
occurs  the  name  of  Willehnus  filius  Fergusii,  described  (in 
1311-12)  as  one  sociorum  suoruin  scutiferorurii  ad  avtna 
commorancium  in  mmiicione  praedicta  quoUhet  capiente 
per  diem  xii  d.  The  esquires  received  the  same  pay  as  the 
governor,  that  of  an  archer  being  ii  d.  per  diem.  In  a  list  of 
Equi  appreciati,  the  colour  of  this  William  Ferguson's  horse 
is  preserved.  It  was  a  brown  charger ;  and  in  the  Both  well 
garrison,  with  the  good  Lord  James  of  Douglas  anxious  for 
admission  into  his  own  house,  probably  had  enough  of  the 
stable.  '  Willehnus  filius  Fergusii  .  .  .  brunnum  hadium 
X.  Marc'  The  esquires  of  the  garrison  appear,  from  their 
names,  to  have  been  mostly  south-country  Scotsmen. 

On  the  other  hand,  Fergusius  de  Ardrossan  was  one  of  the 
signatories   of  the   famous    letter  addressed    by   the   Scots 
-<  Barons  to  the  Pope  in  1320,  in  which  the  independence  of 
the  realm  was  so  Avorthily  asserted. 

Before  dealing  in  more  detail  with  the  history  of  the  race 
in  different  districts  of  Scotland,  and  beyond  Scotland,  it  is 
convenient  to  collect  a  few  facts  of  general  interest  illustrat- 
insf  the  connection  of  the  name  with  outstanding  national 
events,  and  indicating  how  the  paths  in  life  of  various  '  Sons 
of  Fergus,'  hailing  from  widely  separated  parts  of  the  country, 
have  occasionally  crossed.  David  Fergusson,  minister  of 
Dunfermline,  a  man  noted  both  for  his  piety  and  his  humour, 
was  one  of  the  leading  Scottish  Reformers ;  his  grandson, 
and  last  male  descendant,  was  minister  of  Strickmartine  at 
the  Revolution,  and  his  feeling  of  clanship  gave  a  start  in  life 
to  young  Adam  Fergusson,  afterwards  minister  of  Logierait, 
and  father  of  the  distinguished  philosopher.  It  also  prompted 
an  educational  foundation  at  Dundee,  which,  in  the  succeed- 
ing century,  paved  the  way  for  the  bright  but  brief  and 
clouded  career  of  Robert  Fergusson,  the  forerunner  of  Robert 


Burns.  Professor  Adam  Ferguson,  son  of  the  minister  of 
Logierait,  took  up  his  pen  to  write  the  first  Memoir  of  the 
gallant  young  soldier  Patrick  Ferguson,  son  of  Lord  Pitfour, 
who  fell  at  King's  Mountain.  James  Ferguson,  afterwards 
Lord  Pitfour.  as  counsel  at  Carlisle,  was  successful  in  obtain- 
ing the  acquittal  of  James  Fergusson  of  Dunfallandy — '  Baron 
Fergusson' — when  tried  for  high  treason  after  the  last  Jacobite 
rising.  The  Clan  Fergusson  of  Athole  joined  Viscount  Dun- 
dee's array  immediately  after  Killiecrankie,  but  in  that  fierce 
conflict  Alexander  Fergusson  of  Craigdarroch  had  fallen,  and 
James  Ferguson,  ancestor  of  the  family  of  Kinmundy,  had 
been  taken  prisoner,  both  fighting  under  the  banners  of 
William  of  Orange. 

In  1727,  Sir  James  Fergusson  of  Kilkerran  acted  as  arbiter 
in  some  family  transactions  between  James  Ferguson  of  Kin- 
mundy and  his  cousin  James  Ferguson  of  Pitfour.  Sir  James 
Fergusson  of  Kilkerran  and  William  Ferguson  of  Kinmundy 
sat  together  upon  a  Royal  Conunission  appointed  by  Lord 
Beaconsfield's  Government ;  and  Sir  James  Fergusson  of  Kil- 
kerran and  Georq-e  Arthur  Ferguson  of  Pitfour  both  served 
w^ith  the  Grenadier  Guards  in  the  Crimea.  James  Ferguson, 
the  famous  astronomer,  executed  portraits  about  1740  of 
James  Ferguson  of  Kinmundy,  his  wife  and  son. 

In  the  Civil  Wars  of  the  seventeenth  century,  the  Perthshire 
Fergussons  were  doubtless  among  the  gallant  Athole  men  who 
first  rallied  to  the  standard  of  Montrose  when,  after  the  long 
ride  from  Carlisle,  he  appeared  in  Highland  dress  to  lead  the 
Cavalier  clans  to  Tibbermuir  and  a  long  series  of  subsequent 
victories,  and  who  remained  the  nucleus  and  reserve  of  his 
fighting  strength.  Shortly  before,  the  Marquis  of  Huntly 
had  made  the  house  of  William  Ferguson  of  Badifurrow  his 
quarters  when  he  hoisted  the  Royal  Standard  at  Inverurie, 
and  after  the  Restoration  his  host  was  present  at  '  the  True 
Funerals  '  of  Montrose.  Sir  John  of  Kilkerran  deeply  embar- 
rassed his  estate  in  the  service  of  King  Charles,  was  with 
Montrose  at  Loudoun  hill,  and  with  Alaster  Macdonald  at 
Kilmarnock ;  a  Fergusson  of  Craigdarroch  was  one  of  the  first 
to  sign  the  Solemn  League  and  Covenant,  and  another  headed 
a  small  body  who  defeated  a  largely  superior  force  of  Crom- 
well's army  at  Glencairn. 


The  strange  career  of  Robert '  the  Plotter  '  comprised  active 
participation  in  the  bloody  battle  on  Scdgenioor,  and  passages 
to  the  English  shores  in  the  little  vessel  that  carried  Mon- 
mouth to  his  fate,  and  in  the  powerful  fleet  that  bore 
William  of  Orange  and  his  fortunes. 

John  Fergusson  of  Isle  voted  against  the  Union  in  1707. 
Finlay  Fergusson  of  Baledmund  was  tried  for  high  treason 
and  acquitted  at  Liverpool  after  the  rising  of  1715,  and 
James  Fergusson  of  Dunfallandy,  then  quite  a  young  man, 
had  similar  good  fortune  after  the  '  Forty-Five ' ;  while  Cap- 
tain John  Ferguson,  of  the  Royal  Navy,  sprung  from  the 
Aberdeenshire  stock,  was  the  hottest  presser  of  the  chase 
after  the  fugitive  Prince,  and  gave  manly  counsel  before  the 
frowning  defences  of  Louisburg.  Ferguson  of  Balmakelly's 
brigade  did  their  full  share  of  the  fighting  at  Schellenberg 
and  Blenheim  ;  a  Perthshire  Fergusson  fell  at  Ticonderoga, 
and  American  historians  point  to  the  action  in  the  Carolinas, 
decided  by  the  fall  of  Patrick  Ferguson,  inventor  of  the  first 
breech-loading  rifle,  as  the  turn  of  the  tide  in  the  war  of  the 
American  Revolution.  Sons  of  the  houses  of  Raith  and 
Craigdarroch  gallantly  bore  their  part  in  the  conquest  of  the 
Cape,  in  the  storm  of  Badajos,  and  throughout  the  long 
struggle  in  the  Peninsula.  General  Archibald  Fergusson  of 
Dunfallandy,  wounded  at  Seringapatam,  did  long  and  honour- 
able service  as  a  soldier  in  India ;  Aberdeenshire  Fergusons 
bore  arms  under  the  banners  of  the  House  of  Austria  and 
the  United  Netherlands  ;  and  in  South  America  a  scion  of 
the  Ulster  Fergusons  had  a  brief  but  brilliant  career  as  the 
right-hand  man  of  the  daring  Bolivar. 

The  Bibliograph}^  of  the  name  records  good  work  done  in 
various  departments  of  literary  effort,  and  eminence  achieved 
in  various  fields  of  energy.  The  reputation  for  wisdom  in 
council  as  well  as  power  in  the  pulpit  enjoyed  by  the  minister 
of  Dunfermline,  was  inherited,  in  the  succeeding  century,  by 
the  minister  of  Kilwinning ;  and  a  goodly  array  of  works  upon 
religious  subjects  attests  that  the  gifts  of  the  latter  as  an  ex- 
pository writer  have  descended  to  later  divines  of  the  name. 
In  Robert  Fergusson  the  clan  produced  a  leading  Scottish 
poet  who  stands  only  second  to  Burns  as  a  singer  in  the  Low- 
land vernacular ;  but  it  had  also  its  Gaelic  poetess  in  Christina 


Fergiisson  of  Contin,  Ross-sliire,  whose  lament  for  her  hus- 
band— a  Chishobii  of  Strathglass,  slain  at  Ciilloden — '  Afo 
Run  geal  og '  Qsly  loved  young  fair  one),  is  one  of  the  most 
beautiful  and  pathetic  poems  in  the  Gaelic  language.  In  Sir 
Samuel  Ferguson  it  can  claim  one  who  has  been  described  as 
the  national  poet  of  Ireland.  The  profession  of  the  law,  the 
practice  of  medicine  and  surgery,  the  study  of  architecture 
and  archaeology,  of  botany  and  of  other  sciences,  have  all 
been  pursued  with  success  and  devotion,  nor  is  the  name  un- 
known in  the  service  of  art.  It  has  taken  an  active  share  in 
the  public  life  of  Ceylon,  pursued  its  fortunes  with  credit  and 
success  in  the  last  century  in  Poland,  and  attained  high  emin- 
ence in  philosophic  and  legal  writing  in  Holland,  as  well  as 
in  the  diplomatic  service  of  the  sovereign  of  the  Netherlands. 
Dr.  Adam  Ferguson  records  that  when  he  visited  Voltaire,  the 
French  j)hilosopher  '  saluted  him  with  a  compliment  on  a 
gentleman  of  my  family  who  had  civilised  the  Russians,' 
referring  probably  to  an  earlier  Scottish  Ferguson  whom,  in 
his  history  of  Russia,  he  describes  as  helping  Peter  the  Great 
to  calculate  eclipses,  and  as  establishing  at  Moscow  schools 
of  geometry,  astronomy,  and  navigation. 

In  the  return  of  Owners  of  Land  and  Heritages  (Scotland), 
published  in  1873,  the  following  members  of  the  clan,  or 
their  representatives,  appear  (as  landowners  of  properties, 
which  are  clearly  larger  than  glebes  or  ordinary  feus) : — 

III  Perthshire — 

Margaret  Fergusson  of  Dunfallandy,  Pitlochry. 

Samuel  R.  Fergusson  of  Middlehaugh,       ,, 

Thomas  Fergusson  of  Baledmund,  ,, 

John  Fergusson  of  Easter  Dalnabreck. 
Aberdeenshire — 

William  Ferguson  of  Kinmundy. 
Aberdeenshire  and  Banffshire — 

Colonel  George  Arthur  Ferguson  of  Pitfour. 
Ayrshire — 

Sir  James  Fergusson  of  Kilkerran,  Bart. 

John  Fergusson  of  Fulwood,  Stewarton. 
Dumfriesshire  and  Kirkcudbrightshire — 

E.  Cutlar  Fergusson  of  Craigdarroch,  ]\Ioniaive. 

R.  S.  D.  Fercrusson  of  Isle. 


Fife,  Elgin,  and  Boss  shires — ■ 

Eonald  Crawfurd  Munro  Ferguson  of  Raith  and  Novar. 
Kincardineshire — 

Mrs.  Jane  Ferguson  of  Altens. 
FeehlessJiire — ■ 

Sir  William  Fergusson,  Bart.,  of  Spitalhaugh. 
Lanarkshire — 

James  Ferguson  of  Auchinlieath. 
Wigtownshire — • 

The  Trustees  of  the  Ferguson  Bequest  Fund. 

It  is  interesting  to  compare  with  this  return  of  1873  the 
references  in  the  Scottish  Acts  of  Parhament  to  landholders  of 
the  name.  There  are  several  in  the  troublous  times  of  the  seven- 
teenth century  to  the  families  of  Kilkerran  and  Craigdarroch, 
of  whom  the  first  appear  in  tribulation  before  the  Restoration, 
and  the  latter  before  the  Revolution.  James  Ferguson,  de- 
signed of  Badifurrow  in  1696,  and  of  Pitfour  in  1704,  appears 
as  a  Commissioner  of  Supply  for  Aberdeenshire  ;  and  Colonel 
James  Ferguson  of  Kirkmichael  or  Kirktonhill  {i.e.  Balma- 
kelly),  as  a  Commissioner  for  Kincardineshire  in  1696  and 
1698,  his  son  returning  to  Aberdeenshire  about  1723.  A  David 
of  Glenshynroche  is  mentioned  in  1587,  and  a  John  of  Downie 
in  Athole  in  1672.  Paul  of  Rochalgreen  was  a  Commissioner 
of  Supj)ly  for  Perth  in  1690  ;  James  of  Fourmerkland  for  Dum- 
fries in  1704;  and  John  of  Dowalton  for  Wigtownshire  in 
1685.  John  of  Barclauchanan  was  a  Commissioner  of  Militia 
for  Carrick  in  1689  ;  and  John  of  Rainstoun  appears  as  a  J.P. 
for  Wigtownshire.  William,  the  successor  of  Thomas  of  Cait- 
loch,  in  Dumfriesshire,  was  fined  £1000  and  forfeited  after  the 
Restoration,  but  restored  after  the  Revolution ;  as  was  also 
Thomas  of  Finnarts.  Thomas  of  Finnage,  Hew  of  Mains,  and 
John  of  Millander,  all  in  Ayrshire,  were  fined,  the  two  former 
£600,  and  the  latter  £1000,  in  1662  ;  and  John  of  Isle  voted 
against  the  Union  in  1707.  References  are  found  elscAvhere 
to  Fergussons  of  Trochraigue,  of  Dalduff,  and  of  Woodhill. 

Members  of  the  Clan  have  represented  the  following  Scot- 
tish constituencies  in  Parliament : — 

In  the  old  Scottish  Parliament — 
Inverurie,  1661-1663.^ 

'   l>adifufi-(>\\'. 


Inverkeitliing  (Robert  Ferguson),  1579  and  1587. 
Dumfriesshire,  1640,   1648-51,  1661-63,  1665,   1667,  1669 
72,  1678;!  1702,  1707.2 

In  the  Imperial  Parliament — 
Aberdeenshire,  1 790-1 820.'^ 
Banffshire,  1789-1790,  1832-1834,  1 835-1 837.'' 
Ayrshire,  1774,  1790-1796,  1854-1857,  1859-1868.^ 
Edinburgh,  1784-1790.^ 
Sutlierlandshii'e,  1734-1736.^ 
Dumfriesshire,  1715-1722.1 
Kirkcudbrightshire,  1826-1838.1 
Fifeshire,  1806-7.'^ 
Kirkcaldy   Burghs,    1806-1830,    1831-1834,  1837-1841, 

Haddingtonshire,  1835-1837.-^ 
Ross  and  Cromarty  shires,  1884-5.'' 
Leith  Burghs,  1886-1892,  1892-95.^ 

To  tills  list  may  be  added  tlie  following  English  and  Irish 
seats : — 

Carlisle  City,  Parliament  of  1852."^ 

Parliaments  of  1874,  1880,  and  1885.'' 
Manchester,  1885-1895.^ 
Nottingham  Borough,  1830-1841.-^ 
Mid-Leicestershire,  1885-86,  1892-95. 
Londonderry  City,  Parliament  of  1798-1800,  1830-1860." 

John  Fergus  of  Strathore  represented  the  Kirkcaldy 
Burghs  in  1835,  and  Fife  in  the  Parliaments  of  1847,  1852, 
and  1857. 

It  is  interesting  to  compare  the  numbers  of  the  Clan  with 
those  of  other  well-known  Scottish  surnames.  The  most 
numerous  name  both  in  England  and  Scotland  is  Smith. 
From  a  rough  examination  in  1892  of  the  latest  returns 
at  the  Register  House,  it  was  estimated  that  the  number  of 
Smiths  born,  during  the  last  y«ar  for  which  they  were  avail- 
able, was  1760,  of  Macdonalds  1000,  and  of  Fergusons  620. 
In  a  Report  submitted  by   the  Registrar-General  in  1869, 

^  Craigdarroch.  -  Isle.  -^  Pitfoui'.  *  Kilkeriaii. 

s  Raith.  "^  Morton.  "  The  Farm. 


some  interesting  statistics  were  given  of  Scottish  nomencla- 
ture. It  was  estimated  that  in  1863  there  were  44,268 
Smiths.  If  we  compare  the  Fergusons  with  four  other  well- 
known  Scottish  names,  we  find  that  there  were  36,624 
Macdonalds,  30,212  Campbells,  14,476  Fergusons,  10,444 
M'Gregors,  and  9520  Gordons. 

The  tartan  of  the  Clan  is  one  of  the  most  beautiful  of  all 
the  Scottish  tartans,  the  set  being  a  dark  purple  blue,  traversed 
by  black  and  green  bands  and  upon  the  green  a  sprainge,  or 
white  stripe  edged  with  black,  and  two  red  stripes,  one  on 
either  side  of  the  white.  The  SuaicJieantas  or  badge  given 
by  the  books  is  the  little  sunflower  (or  rock  rose),  Helianthy- 
'niuni  marifolimn,  or  in  Gaelic  Ros-greine.  It  has,  however, 
been  said  that  the  poplar  and  also  the  bog-myrtle  was  used  as 
a  badge. 

The  arms  which  are  always  given  as  those  of  the  Clan  are 
azure  a  bucJde  argent  between  three  boar  heads  couped,  or, 
the  silver  buckle  and  gold  boar  heads  upon  a  blue  field, 
borne  by  the  houses  of  Dunfallandy  and  Kilkerran,  and  with 
appropriate  differences  by  the  Aberdeenshire  families. 

'  In  M'lan's  Clans,'  observes  Mr.  Charles  Fergusson,  '  the 
figures  re|)resenting  the  other  clans  are  dressed  in  their 
respective  tartans,  but  M'lan  knew  the  Fergussons  to  be  so 
very  ancient  a  clan  that  he  represents  their  clansman  in  a 
helmet  {ClogoAd — the  word  used  in  the  Gaelic  verses  above 
quoted)  and  in  the  "  Leine-chroich  "  or  saffron  shirt,  "  the  robe 
which  distinguished  a  gentleman,"  one  of  the  "oldest  garments 
peculiar  to  the  Celts."  '  Logan  and  M'lan  are,  it  is  to  be  ob- 
served, mistaken  in  their  description  of  the  Fergusson  tartan. 

A  tartan  of  a  different  set  from  that  worn  by  the  Athole  and 
Aberdeenshire  families  was,  however,  used  by  the  Fergusson 
families  of  Balquhidder.  In  forwarding  a  specimen  of  this 
tartan,  sent  by  his  cousin  at  Muirlaggan,  Balquhidder,  and 
made  of  his  own  avooI,  the  Rev.  R.  Menzies  Fergusson  says: — 
'  This  was  considered  by  my  father  to  be  the  oldest  and  most 
correct  tartan,  which  we  all  wore  as  bo^^s.  It  was  also  used 
by  our  relatives  in  Balquhidder.'  The  specimen  sent  shows  a 
dark  blue  ground,  which  is  crossed  by  broad  green  bands, 
and  midway  between  them  a  thin  green  line.  On  either  side 
of  the  broad  green  bands  is  a  broadish  brown  line,  and  mid- 



way  between  these  brown  bands,  and  at  right  angles  to  the 
narrow  green  hne,  a  narrow  brown  one.  Upon  the  whole  are 
two  red  lines,  eqni-distant  from  either  the  narrow  green  line 
or  the  brown  one  which  crosses  it.  These  red  lines  are  placed 
in  couples,  alternately  inside  and  outside  the  larger  brownish 
bands.  Upon  the  centre  of  the  broad  green  band  is  a  narrow 
black  stripe. 

While  the  little  rockrose  is  the  badge  given  in  all  the 
books  on  the  Highlanders,  the  weight  of  testimony  furnished 
by  representatives  of  various  families  of  the  name  is  to  the 
effect  that  the  poplar  Avas  the  proper  badge. 

It  is  right  that  a  Avord  should  be  added  as  to  the  ortho- 
graphy of  the  name,  as  to  Avhich  both  Fergussons  Avho  require 
two  ss's  and  Fergusons  Avho  are  satisfied  with  one,  are  nowa- 
days generally  sensitive.  In  the  past,  however,  the  form  is 
found  varying  in  the  same  families,  and  instances  exist  at  the 
present  day  in  Avhich  one  form  is  used  by  one  brother  and 
the  other  by  another.  Thus,  while  the  Fergussons  of  Kil- 
kerran  and  Craigdarroch  both  adhere  to  the  two  sss,  in 
the  matriculation  of  the  Craigdarroch  arms  in  1673  the 
name  is  spelt  '  Fergusone ' ;  and  in  the  records  of  the  Faculty 
of  Advocates,  three  successive  heads  of  the  Kilkerran  famil}' 
are  found  admitted  to  the  Scottish  bar  as  '  Fergusone '  or 
'  Ferguson.'  The  same  occurs  in  the  case  of  Alexander 
Fergu.s'on  of  Isle  in  1685,  and  the  last  heir-male  of  this  race 
was  buried  as  a  Ferguson.  On  the  other"  hand,  Avhile  the 
families  sprung  from  the  house  of  BadifurroAv,  in  Aberdeen- 
shire, are  almost  universally  content  Avith  one  s  ;  the  book 
plate  of  one  descendant  shoAvs  his  name  as '  Willm.  Fergusson,' 
and  another  also  signs  Avith  tAvo.  The  family  of  Dunfallandy 
seem,  hoAvever,  to  have  consistently  maintained  the  spelling 
'  Fergusson,'  Avhich  appears  to  be  the  oldest,  and  represents 
most  accurately  the  translation  of  the  Gaelic.  It  cannot,  hoAv- 
ever,  be  said  that  either  form  is  Avrong,  or  that  the  presence 
or  absence  of  the  second  s  settles  descent,  and  it  may  be  urged 
that  the  pronunciation  is  better  indicated  by  the  form  '  Fergu- 
son ' ;  and  that  Professor  Adam  Ferguson  connnitted  no  crime 
Avhen  he  dropped  his  father's  second  s,  on  the  ground  that 
it  Avas  unnecessary,  and  therefore  unAvorthy  of  a  j^hilosopher. 


Note. — At  St.  Vigeans  near  the  Red  head  of  Angus  is  a  sculptured  stone, 
the  inscription  on  which  has  been  described  as  '  interesting  philologicallj'  as 
containing  the  only  sentence  whicli  is  known  to  have  been  left  us  in  the 
Pictish  language. '  The  correct  reading  of  the  inscription  is  drosten :  ipe 
uorei  elt  forcus,  and  it  has  been  decipliered  as  '  Drost  son  of  Voret  of  the 
family  or  race  of  Fergus. '  It  has  been  supposed  to  refer  to  Drust  the  Pictish 
king  who  was  killed  at  the  battle  of  Drumdearg  Blathniig  (Kinblethmont)  in 
the  year  7'29.  Other  authorities  incline  to  the  opinion  that  the  inscription  is 
ecclesiastical  and  commemorates  St.  Drostan,  the  companion  of  Columba  on 
his  arrival  at  Deer,  who  was  of  the  Pictish  royal  race,  and  St.  Fergus.  The 
form  Forcus  for  Fergus  is  not  unknown.  It  is  also  interesting  to  notice  that 
the  name  Fergus  occurs  in  tlie  earliest  Gaelic  poetry  both  in  Scotland  and 
Ireland,  among  the  warrior  poets  of  the  Feinne.  Fergus  Filidh  was  a  son  of 
the  great  Finn  MacCumhal,  and  a  brother  of  Ossian.  Professor  O'Curry  is 
quoted  by  Dr.  Skene  as  admitting  that  there  exist  in  Ireland  only  eleven 
Ossianic  poems  prior  to  the  fifteenth  century  ;  seven  ascribed  to  Fionn 
himself,  two  to  his  son  Oisimi,  one  to  Fergus  Filidh,  and  one  to  Caoilte. 
Two  of  Fei-gus  Filidh's  poems  are  preserved  in  the  Dean  of  Lismore's  Book, 
and  Dr.  MacLauchlan  considers  him  the  chief  poet  of  the  Feinn,  even  ranking 
as  a  poet  before  his  brother  Ossian.  The  '  Rosg  Ghuill,'  or  Ode  to  Gaul,  is  '  a 
very  remarkable  one,  bearing  decided  marks  of  genuineness  and  antiquity.' 
Finn  and  Gaul  had  fallen  out  about  hunting  rights,  and  Fergus's  intervention 
i-esulted  in  the  former  conceding  to  the  latter  the  right  to  hunt  over  one  third 
of  the  'wooded  territory.'  The  other  poem  relates  the  death  of  his  nephew 
Oscar,  son  of  Ossian,  at  the  battle  of  Gabhra  (a.d.  286).  Dr.  Skene's  conclu- 
sion, in  his  Introduction  to  the  Dean  of  Lismore's  Book,  is  that  the  Feinne 
really  belonged  to  the  race  of  the  Cruithne  or  Picts,  who  preceded  the  Scots 
or  Milesians  both  in  the  north  of  Ireland,  and  in  Scotland  north  of  the  Firths 
of  Clyde  and  Forth.     The  poem  on  the  death  of  Oscar  ends  with  the  lines, 

'  Fergus  tlie  Itard  am  I, 
I  've  travelled  every  land, 
I  grieve  after  the  Feinn 
To  have  my  tale  to  tell.' 

In  one  of  the  characteristic  laments  in  which  old  Ossian  bewails  the  disap- 
pearance of  his  kinsmen  the  mighty  hunters,  and  sings, 

'  'Tis  sad  that  the  hill  of  the  Peine 

Should  now  by  the  clerics  be  held, 

And  that  the  songs  of  the  men  of  books 

Should  till  the  halls  of  Clan  Baoisgne,' 
the  lines  occur, 

'  I  see  not  Fergus  my  brother, 

So  gentle  and  worthy  of  praise.' 

Another  poem,  describing  a  fierce  combat,  says  : 

'  Fergus,  Caol  and  thirty  are  in  the  gleu, 
Who  never  more  shall  see  this  earth.' 

In  the  poem  describing  the  vengeance  of  Conall  for  the  death  of  CuchuUin, 
among  the  heads  of  the  slain  A\"hich  he  brings  home  is  that  of 

'  Mac  Fergus  of  Steeds — 
He  in  extremity  so  bold.' 



Section  I. 

The  cliief  seat  of  the  Fer^'ussons  as  a  Hio'lilancl  clan  was 
undoubtedly  in  Atliole,  where  they  are  placed  in  the  map  of 
the  clans,  and  where  was  the  residence  of  their  recognised 
chief  when  the  roll  of  the  clans  was  made  up  in  the  year 
before  the  Spanish  Armada  sailed  on  its  great  enterprise. 
The  chiefship  was  in  the  ancient  family  of  iJunfallandy, 
for  long  designed  as  '  of  Derculich,'  whose  head  appears  as 
'  Baron  Fergusson,'  and  as  '  the  Laird  of  Fergusson,'  in  State 
documents.  The  vale  of  A  thole  '  down  by  the  Tummel,'  was 
the  kernel  of  the  'Fergusson  country.'  There  was  Dunfal- 
landy,  which  seems  to  have  been  a  very  ancient — if  not  the 
oldest — possession  of  the  race  in  the  district,  though  for  a 
time  it  yielded  in  importance  to  Derculich,  on  Strath  Tay ; 
there,  too,  were  Ballyoukan,  Bellichandie,  and  the  Middle- 
haugh  of  Dalshian,  which  gave  their  designations  to 
leading  cadet  families ;  and  there  was  the  west  end  of 
the  Haugh  of  Dalshian,  which  pertained  to  the  branch  of 
Baledmund,  whose  mansion  near  Moulin  retains  the  desig- 
nation of  The  Star  of  A  thole.  The  possessions  of  the  name, 
however,  stretched  westwards  in  the  lands  of  Derculich, 
betAvixt  the  Tummel  and  the  Tay,  and  eastwards  into  Strath- 
ardle  and  Glenshee,  while  the  Clan  was  also  settled  in  the 
upper  part  of  Glenisla.  The  lands  of  Baledmund  comprised 
the  three  pendicles  of  Glenbrerachan,  and  the  Barony  of 
Downy  lay  partly  in  Strathardle  and  partly  in  Glenshee.  In 
Strathardle  lay  also  the  lands  of  Balmacruchie,  or  Woodhill, 
said  to  have  belonged  to  Fergussons  from  a  very  early  period, 


and  undoubtedly  in  possession  of  a  branch  of  the  Athole  stock 
from  about  1575  to  1840.  The  families  of  Dunfallandy, 
Ballyoukan,  Baledmund,  Middlehaugh,  and  probably  others 
also,  were  all  held  of  the  Duke  of  Athole  as  subject  superior; 
and  it  may  be  more  than  a  coincidence  that  the  three 
districts  of  Perthshire,  in  which  the  name  of  Fergusson  was 
numerous,  each  gave  a  title  to  the  noble  house  which,  among 
other  honours,  described  its  chief  as  Duke  of  Athole,  Earl  of 
Strathardle,  and  Viscount  Balquhidder.  Some  of  the  lands 
of  the  Lairds  of  Derculich  and  Dunfallandy  must,  however, 
have  been  held  direct  of  the  Crown,  as  otherwise  the 
designation  of  Baron  Fergusson  cannot  be  accounted  for ; 
and  a  younger  branch  must  also  have  been  in  the  same 
position,  or  they  would  not  have  been  designed  as  Barons 
of  Muling. 

The  original  settlement  of  the  Fergussons  in  Athole  is  lost 
in  the  mists  of  the  distant  past.  The  house  of  Dunfallandy 
is  undoubtedly  of  very  great  antiquity,  and  is  recognised  in 
the  district  as  one  of  the  oldest  territorial  families.  Miss 
Fergusson  of  Dunfallandy  states  that  some  of  her  Fergussons 
were  '  soldiers  of  the  Cross,'  and  an  ancestor  seems  to  have 
had  charters  of  Cluny  from  John  Balliol,  and  of  Cluny  and 
Kynnard  from  King  Robert  the  Bruce.  There  is  clear 
evidence  dating  from  1489  that  a  previous  generation  had 
charters  of  Derculich  and  Edradynate.  A  tradition  has  been 
handed  down  in  one  of  the  Fergusson  families  of  the  district,^ 
to  the  effect  that  the  comiuon  ancestor  of  their  stock,  and  of 
the  house  of  Dunfallandy,  had  fled  from  Ayrshire  to  the  north 
in  the  year  1329,  and  was  of  the  family  of  Kilkerran.  The 
Baledmund  tradition — although  it  is  understood  that  this 
family  were  cadets  of  Dunfallandy  in  the  female  line,  at  all 
events,  as  representing  Baledmund — is  that  their  race  were 
originally  of  the  stock  of  Craigdairoch  in  Dumfriesshire. 
In  the  male  line,  as  representing  Ballyoukan,  they  seem  to  be 
descended  from  an  Aberdeenshire  man.-  But  it  seems  probable 
that  the  clan  had  been  established  in  the  district  at  a  much 
earlier  period  even  than  the  year  of  King  Robert  the  Bruce's 

^  See  Mr.  Robert  Fergusson 's  Memo.,  Sect.  8. 
-  The  Minister  of  Moulin's  ms.  ,  Sect.  6. 

TIlis  shield  is  reproduced  in  facsimile  from  an  old  MS.  (1603-5),  in  wliieli  it 
is  tliouglit  the  buckle  was  erroneously  coloured  or  instead  o{  argent. 



death.  In  the  thirteenth  century,  as  we  have  seen,  Duncan,  son 
of  Fergus,  witnessed  a  charter  of  Mahse,  Earl  of  Strathearn;  and 
it  was  in  1232  that  Gilleniychel  M'Ath,  or  M'Ado— ^.t^  Gille- 
michael  M'Adam,  or  son  of  Adam,  the  distinguishing  patrony- 
mic of  the  old  Strathardle  Fergussons,  excambed  a  davoch 
of  the  lands  of  Pitcarmick  in  Strathardle  Avith  the  Bishop  of 
Moray  for  lands  in  Strathspey.-  In  the  twenty-fifth  year  of 
the  reign  of  King  James  v.,  Robert  Fergusson  of  Derculich  had 
to  invoke  legal  process  ^  to  recover  a  large  number  of  charters 
and  other  writs  which  had  been  retained  from  him,  thousfh 
he  claimed  them  as  heir  of  his  nephew,  the  baron  of  Downy, 
and  among  these  was  specified  '  a  charter  of  our  most  noble 
predecessor  King  John  to  Adam  Fergusson  of  the  lands 
of  Cluny.'  Now  the  only  King  John  known  to  Scottish 
annalists  is  King  John  Balliol,  and  this  at  once  carries  us 
back  to  the  1200's.  If  the  identification  of  the  Fergussons  of 
Balmacruchie  with  the  Clan  Aid  of  the  Gaelic  genealogical 
MS.  of  1467  be  correct,  and  the  names  correspond  with  these 
mentioned  in  the  Chartulary  of  Moray  in  reference  to  the 
excambion  of  1232,  the  connection  of  the  name  with  the 
Perthshire  Highlands  is  taken  very  far  back  indeed. 

'  The  Athole  and  Strathardle  Fergussons,'  writes  a  clans- 
man,* '  have  from  time  immemorial  claimed  to  be  the  most 
ancient  clan  known  in  the  Highlands,  a  claim  which  the  other 
old  clans  of  the  district  have  never  disputed,  the  second  place 
being  always  given  to  the  old  M'Diarmids  of  Glenlyon.  The 
universal  tradition  is  that  they  are  descended  from  King 
Fergus  the  First.'  General  Stewart  of  Garth  observes  that 
'  the  Duke  of  Atholl  possesses  a  very  extensive  property  in 
Athole,  but  the  district  has  been  for  centuries  called  the 
country  of  the  Stewarts,  Robertsons,  Fergussons,  etc'  '  The 
Clan  Fergusson  in  Athole,"  writes  Mr.  Charles  Fergusson, 
'  were  always  reckoned  the  biggest  and  strongest  men  m  that 
country  of  big  men.  A  story  is  preserved  in  our  family  of 
one  of  my  ancestors,  "  Semus  Mor,"  or  Big  James,  who,  when 
a  mere  lad,  along  with  his  father  accompanied  his  clan  to  the 
north  on  an  expedition  against  one  of  the  northern  clans. 

^  Liber  In-suht  Missarum,  p.  xxxviii.        -'  Chartulary  of  Mora}-. 

3  Baledmund  Papers.  ^  Charles  Fergusson,  Muir  of  Ord. 


They  were  successful,  and  carried  off  a  lot  of  cattle,  among 
which  was  a  line  black  bull  which  Semiis  Mor's  father 
had  taken  after  a  tough  fight,  in  which  he  slew  its  former 
owner  and  his  five  sons.  Coming  down  by  the  river  Tarff,  at 
the  head  of  Glen  Tilt,  the  bull  got  restive  and  sprung  down 
on  to  a  ledge  of  rock  overhanging  a  deep  pool.  Seinus  Mor 
jumped  after  it  and  tried  to  save  it ;  but  his  father  heard  a 
splash  and  knew  the  bull  had  gone  over  the  rock.  As  he 
saw  his  son's  head  appear  coming  np  the  rock,  he  said,  in 
a  sneering  tone — "  Greim  bog  Canabh,  nam  bu  mhac  le  t'athair 
thu,  chum  thn  do  ghreini "  ("  The  soft  grip  of  a  baby ;  if  you 
had  been  your  father's  son  you  Avonld  have  kept  your  grip.") 
To  which  Semus  Mor  meekly  answered, — "  Tha  agam  na 
b'hagam  "  ("  1  have  all  I  had  "),  and  threw  the  bull's  horn  at 
his  father's  feet.  He  had  caught  the  bull  by  the  horn  just  as 
it  sprang  over  the  rock,  and  held  it  hanging  by  main  strength ; 
but  the  horn  broke  and  the  bull  fell  over,  fortunately  into 
deep  water,  and  was  safely  recovered.  When  old  Fergusson 
saw  the  horn  and  understood  how  matters  stood,  he  was 
quite  pleased,  and  said — "  Cha  deach  Chlann  Fhearghuis 
dholaidh  fhathaist "  ("  The  Clan  Fergus  are  not  spoilt 
yet.")  (Rather — "  The  Clan  Fergus  have  not  degenerated 

A  boulder  near  Dunfallandy,  still  called  the  Bloody  Stone, 
marks  the  scene  of  a  tragedy  characteristic  of  Scotland's 
darker  days.  On  the  one  side  of  the  Tummel  lay  the  lands 
of  a  Baron  whose  only  daughter  would  heir  his  estate.  Ac- 
cording to  one  version  of  the  story,  she  fell  in  love  with 
a  young  Fergusson  from  the  other  side  of  the  stream,  but 
her  father  forbade  the  match.  One  morning  as  he  walked 
by  the  river  bank,  an  arrow  from  the  opposite  shore  flew 
across  the  stream  and  pierced  his  heart.  It  had  been  sped 
by  the  father  of  the  rejected  suitor,  Avho  was  lurking  Avith 
his  bow  amid  the  bracken  and  the  rocks.  He  kept  his  ov/n 
counsel,  was  not  discovered,  and  ere  a  year  had  gone  his 
son  and  the  heiress  were  married.^  According  to  the  other 
version,  the  strong-handed  laird  of  the  other  bank  loved  the 
lady,  but  feared  to  press  his  suit  in  ^^erson.  A  young 
^  See  Mr.  Robert  Fergiisson's  MS.,  Sect.  8.      '1^  Z-0  (^ 



friend — also  a  Fergnsson — whom  lie  employed  to  plead 
his  cause,  succumbed  himself  to  the  charms,  proved  false 
to  his  trust,  and  led  her,  whom  he  had  undertaken  to  win 
for  another,  to  the  altar  as  his  own  bride.  His  bliss  was 
short,  for  the  honeymoon  was  soon  terminated  by  an  arrow 
that  flew  true  to  its  mark  as  he  sat  on  the  fatal  stone ;  and 
that  very  night,  it  is  said,  the  wronged  and  the  avenger 
married  the  new-made  widow.^ 

An  equally  characteristic  and  more  pleasing  Highland 
legend,  communicated  by  Mr.  Charles  Fergusson,  Muir  of 
Ord,  tells  hoAV  the  heir  of  Dunfallandy  was  stolen  by  the 
fairies  and  restored  to  his  mother.  '  Loncf,  lonsf  asfo  the 
only  son  and  heir  of  the  Baron  Fergusson  of  Dunfallandy 
was  stolen  by  the  fairies,  and,  in  spite  of  all  endeavours, 
could  not  be  recovered.  At  last  the  lady  of  Dunfallandy 
applied  to  the  "  C'eard  Dubh" — the  black  tinker — a  famous 
Athole  wizard  of  the  day,  and  a  thorough  master  of  the 
Black  Art.  After  performing  some  of  his  uncanny  arts,  the 
Ceard  informed  her  that  the  young  chief  of  M'Fergus  was 
with  the  fairies  in  the  famous  hill  of  Dunidea,  in  Strathardle, 
the  headquarters  and  stronghold  of  the  Athole  fairies,  but 
that  nothing  could  be  done  for  his  recovery  till  next  Christ- 
mas Eve,  wdien  the  hill  would  be  open  only  for  an  hour  or 
two  before  midnight,  when  he  would  try  and  recover  the  boy. 
Accordingly,  on  the  day  before  Christmas  the  Ceard  Dubh 
provided  himself  with  a  long  string  with  a  beautiful  red  apple 
tied  to  the  end  of  it,  and  also  a  large  bag  full  of  a  pungent 
preparation,  dried  before  the  fire  and  powdered  as  fine  as 
snuff,  and,  making  his  way  by  Loch  Broom  and  Glen  Derby, 
arrived  in  good  time  at  the  famous  hill  of  Dunidea.  He 
found  the  hill  open  and  all  the  fairies  dancing  to  beautiful 
music,  and  foremost  in  the  revels  ho  saw  the  young  heir 
of  Dunfalland}^  Watching  his  chance,  when  the  child 
came  near  the  door,  the  Ceard  rolled  his  red  apple  in  on 
the  floor,  which  caught  the  boy's  eye,  and  he  grasped  at 
it ;  but  the  Ceard,  pulling  the  string,  drew  the  apple  out, 
followed  by  the  child  till  he  came  within  reach  of  the  Ceard, 
who  at   once  seized  him   and   made  off.     The  fairies   soon 

^  See  Mrs.  Ogilvie's  poem,  infra.  ^^—  T'p 


missed  their  prisoner,  and,  like  a  hive  of  angry  bees,  swarmed 
out,  and  pursued  the  flying  Ceard  and  soon  overtook  him. 
But  just  as  they  reached  him  he  put  his  hand  in  his  bag, 
and,  taking  out  a  handful  of  the  powder  he  had  prepared,  he 
threw  it  up  and  the  wind  scattered  it  in  all  directions.  This 
stopped  the  fairies,  as  they  had  to  stay  and  gather  every 
particle  before  they  could  go  farther,  which  delayed  them 
some  time,  and  gave  the  Ceard  another  good  start.  Again  as 
they  reached  him  he  threw  another  handful,  and  then  went 
on  across  Strathardle  and  up  Glen  Derby,  till  at  last,  just  as 
his  supply  was  almost  exhausted,  he  reached  the  pass  of 
Atholeford,  where  the  head  of  Glen  Derby  opens  into  Athole, 
and  when  once  he  got  across  the  burn  there  he  was  safe, 
as  the  fairies  could  not  cross  running  water  that  divided 
two  parishes.  When  he  got  quit  of  his  angry  pursuers,  the 
Ceard  went  on  at  his  leisure  by  Loch  Broom  to  Dunfallandy, 
where  he  safely  delivered  the  young  heir  to  his  delighted 

The  older  Balmacruchie  Fergussons  in  Strathardle  were 
undoubtedly  a  very  old  family  of  the  name.  As  already 
mentioned,  it  was  in  1232  that  Gillemichel  M'Ath,  or  M'Adie, 
made  an  excambion  with  the  Bishop  of  Moray.  The  Book  of 
Garth  and  FortingalP  records  that  'in  1358  the  Sheriff  of 
Perth  is  allowed  £12  for  deforcement  made  upon  hhn  by 
Robert,  son  of  Duncan  (de  Atholia,  Duncanson,  or  Mac- 
Donachie,  the  Clan  Donachie,  or  Robertsons  of  Struan), 
and  Fergus,  son  of  Ade,  who  failed  to  give  suit  for  their 
lands  of  Balnafert,  Ballmacreechie,  etc'  The  same  Fergus 
appears  in  the  Chamberlain  Rolls  "^  as  '  Fergusium  filium 

These  MacAdie  Fergussons  were  great  anglers,  and  a 
tradition  has  been  handed  down "  that,  for  services  rendered  to 
one  of  the  early  Celtic  kings  of  Scotland,  an  ancestor  was 
told  to  ask  for  some  great  reward.  Instead  of  requesting 
laro'e  si-ants  of  land,  he  is  said  to  have  demanded  a  charter 
giving  him  the  right  to  compel  all  the  other  proprietors  in 
Strathardle   to  cut  down  every  tree  on  both  banks  of  the 

1  P.  118.  -  Vol.  i.  p.  306. 

^  Notes  communicated  by  Mr.  Charles  Fergusson. 


river  Ardle  as  far  back  as  he  could  cast  his  Hue ;  '  a  right 
which  his  descendants  held  till  they  sold  the  estate.'  An 
Adam  Fergusson  is  said  to  have  held  Balmacruchie  in  1340, 
and  it  was  sold  by  another  Adam  Fergusson  about  1840,  who 
went  to  America.  '  These  old  Lairds'  favourite  spot  for 
catchinsf  trout  was  alono-  the  Ardle  at  Dalnabrick,  "  the 
Haugh  of  Trouts,"  which,  of  course,  was  the  origin  of  the 
name.  At  Culloden  "  Niall  Mor  nam  Breac,"  "  Big  Ncill  of 
the  Trouts,"  was  one  of  the  leaders  of  the  Fergusson  clan, 
and  one  of  the  few  who  returned,  and  his  skill  in  fishing 
supplied  the  wants  of  many  of  the  fugitives  when  in  hiding 
from  the  English  soldiers.' 

It  would  however  appear  that  the  earlier  Fergussons,  to 
whom  the  tradition  as  to  the  reward  of  services  rendered  to 
the  '  early  Celtic  kings '  appertains,  were  not  the  same  family 
as  that  which,  about  1840,  parted  with  the  estate.  For  in  the 
MS.  account  of  his  family — that  of  Bellichandy — written  by 
the  Minister  of  Moulin  in  1775,  he  states  distinctly  that 
Balmacruchie  was  purchased  by  a  brother  of  his  groat-grand- 
father from  Maxwell  of  Tealing  about  two  hundred  years 
before,  and  it  will  be  seen  that  the  names  upon  the  grave- 
stones in  Greyfriars  Churchyard  of  members  of  the  family  of 
Fergusson  of  Woodhill  correspond  with  the  names  of  the 
Rev.  Adam  Fergusson's  descendants  given  in  the  continuation 
of  his  narrative.^ 

It  will  be  observed  that  in  the  Gaelic  genealogy  previously 
quoted,  and  believed  possibly  to  be  that  of  the  Mac  Adi 
Fergussons   of  Balmacruchie,   the   name   of  Ferofus  son  of 

O  ■'CI 

Adam  does  not  occur.  But  it  will  be  seen  that  there  is 
a  blank  in  the  MS.  at  the  very  place  where  Fergus  and  Adam 
should  be  found.  The  ms.  is  so  old  and  injured  by  damp 
that  much  of  it  cannot  be  deciphered.^     It  was  written  about 

^  'The  late  Wm.  M'Donald  of  Balnakill\-,  who  was  particularly  well  up 
in  the  old  lore  of  Strathardle,  in  writing  of  Woodhill,  says  that  the  family  of 
the  Adam  Fergusson  who  sold  it  had  held  it  for  over  five  hundred  years. ' — 
{Letter  from  Mr.  Charles  Fergusson.)  'I  am  certain,'  writes  Mr.  Charles 
Fergusson,  '  that  there  were  earlier  Fergussons  in  Balmacruchie  than  the  later 
Woodhills,  as  they  are  mixed  up  in  the  commonest  legends  and  traditions  of 
the  Strath  from  the  earliest  times,  and  all  writers  on  the  old  lore  of  Strath- 
ardle agree  that  they  were  the  oldest  family-  in  the  Strath.' 

-  Notes  by  Mr.  Charles  Fergusson. 



14-50.  Five  generations  are  given ;  tlien  occurs  the  gap,  and 
three  more  generations  take  us  to  Gillemichael  son  of  Adam, 
aHve  in  1232.  The  gap  may  very  well  have  contained  the 
name  of  Fergus  son  of  Adam  who  flourished  in  1358. 

An  interesting  tradition  was  handed _,,l>jAvn  in  Strathardle 
as  to  the  elder  Adam  and  his  sor  Gillemichael.  Adam,  it  is 
said,  on  one  occasion  found  himself  in  great  danger,  sur- 
rounded by  foes,  and  gave  himself  and  his  men  up  for  lost,, 
when  a  good  priest  advised  him  to  pray  to  St.  Michael  for 
deliverance.  He  did  so,  and  vowed  that  if  St.  Michael  would 
deliver  him  he  would  dedicate  his  son  to  that  saint.  The 
prayer  was  answered,  deliverance  was  found,  and  the  boy  thus 
dedicated  was  called  Gille  Michael — the  servant  or  disciple  of 
St.  Michael.  The  boy,  however,  grew  up  '  more  of  a  soldier 
than  a  saint,  and  got  out  of  the  bargain  by  giving  lands  to  St, 
Michael  instead  of  himself  Thus  it  was,  according  to  tradi- 
tion, that  the  parish  of  Kirkmichael,  in  which  Balmacruchie 
lies,  came  to  be  dedicated  to  St.  Michael.  The  name  of 
Cormack  the  son  of  Gille  Michael,  is  also  connected  by 
tradition  with  '  Fuaran  Cormac ' — Cormac's  Well — a  famous 
well  a  few  yards  in  front  of  Pitcarmick  farmhouse.  '  It 
healed  Cormac  of  some  deadly  wounds,  and  he  built  his. 
dAvellino-  on  its  brink.'  It  was  a  famous  '  Healing  Well '  to 
which  people  flocked. ^ 

Another  tradition  of  Strathardle  is  that  of  '  Adie  Biorrach,' 
the  Strathardle  bowman,  thus  narrated  by  Mr.  Charles  Fer- 
gusson : — 

'  Long  long  ago,  according  to  Strathardle  tradition,  before 
guns  reached  the  Highlands,  the  most  expert  bowman  in  the 
Strath  was  an  old  man  of  the  Clan  Fergusson  named  "  Adie 
Biorrach" — "Sharp-faced  Adam" — who  lived  on  the  north  side 
of  the  river  at  Inverchroskie.  The  only  one  who  could  come 
anything  near  him  as  a  marksman  was  a  neighbour  who 
lived  on  the  other  or  Dalreoch  side  of  the  river.  Many  were 
the  trials  of  skill  they  had ;  but  Adam  always  came  off"  vic- 
torious, which  made  the  other  very  jealous.  They  were  also 
very  keen  cock-fighters,  and  had  the  two  best  fighting  cocks 
in  the  district.     One  day  Adam  was  sitting  on  a  stone  at  the 

^  Notes  by  Mr.  Charles  Fergusson. 


end  of  his  lioiise  engaged  in  feeding  liis  favourite  tighting 
cock,  which  was  so  tame  that  it  would  eat  out  of  his  hand, 
when  his  neighbour,  who  had  been  watching  him,  drew  his 
bow,  and  sent  an  arrow  across  and  killed  the  cock  as  it  fed 
out  of  his  hand.  Ai..>m  thought  this  very  sharp  practice,  but 
slipped  quietly  into  his  h''-^Jse  and  Avaited  his  opportunity. 
Some  time  after  the  slayer' or 'the  cock  proceeded  to  thatch 
his  house  ;  and,  with  the  assistance  of  his  wife,  the  work  pro- 
ceeded rapidly.  After  the  thatching  was  done  he  was  laying 
a  row  of  turf  along  the  ridge,  and  fastening  each  turf  with  a 
wooden  pin,  and  when  he  was  placing  a  turf  in  position,  and 
both  his  wife  and  himself  still  had  hold  of  it,  Adam,  who  had 
been  watching  the  performance,  sent  an  arrow  over  and 
pinned  the  turf  to  the  thatch  just  where  the  wooden  pin 
should  be.  Though  startled,  the  old  follow  took  it  very  coolly, 
and  ordered  his  wife  to  hand  him  another  turf,  which  he 
placed  in  position,  and  then  asked  for  the  wooden  pin  to  fix 
it.  As  she  handed  him  the  pin,  another  arrow  from  Adam's 
ready  bow  dashed  it  from  their  grasp.  This  was  too  much 
for  him,  so  he  quietly  slid  down  the  back  of  the  house,  and 
getting  his  pet  game  cock,  he  despatched  his  wife  with  it  as 
a  present  to  Adie  Biorrach,  along  with  a  pressing  invitation 
to  that  worthy  to  come  across  and  spend  the  evening  with 
him.  The  invitation  was  readily  accepted,  and,  according  to 
the  custom  of  the  time,  a  jovial  evening  was  spent;  and  they 
mutually  agreed  that  there  was  no  occasion  for  any  more 
trials  of  skill  in  archery  between  them,  and  they  lived  and 
died  in  peace.' 

In  another  quaint  tradition  of  the  Strath  a  Fcrgusson 
appears  as  saving  his  own  life  and  breaking  a  sorrowful 
weird  at  the  same  time.  We  are  able  to  reproduce  it  from 
Mr.  Charles  Fergusson's  Strathardle,  and  give  it  in  the 
author's  own  words. 


'About  11:89,  as  Ave  read  in  The  Lives  of  the  Lindsays,  Alex- 
ander, Master  of  Lindsay,  and  his  brother  John,  sons  of  the  fifth 
Earl  of  CraAvford,  quarrelled  and  fought  at  Inverquoich  Castle,  in 
LoAA^er  Strathardle,  and   Alexander   AA'as    severely   Avounded,    but 



might  have  recovered,  had  not  his  wife  helped  him  out  of  this  world 
of  trouble  by  smothering  him  with  a  down  pillow  as  he  lay  in  bed 
weak  from  loss  of  blood.  She  was  Lady  Janet  Gordon,  daughter 
of  George,  second  Earl  of  Huntly,  and  of  his  wife.  Princess  Anna- 
bella,  daughter  of  King  James  i.  No  sooner  had  she  got  rid  of 
Lindsay  than  she  married  Patrick,  son  of  Lord  Grey.  Whether  she 
took  the  down  pillow  to  him  or  not  history  sayeth  not,  but  he  de- 
parted, and  she  was  soon  again  married,  the  third  time,  to  Halker- 
ston  of  Southwood.  Though  she  thus  escaped  punishment  for  a 
time,  yet  justice  at  length  overtook  her,  and,  in  the  year  L500,  she 
was  condemned  for  the  murder  of  the  Master  of  Lindsay  to  per- 
petual imprisonment  on  the  top  of  Craig-an-Fhithiche,  the  Ravens' 
Rock,  a  stupendous  cliflf  that  rises  about  300  feet  above  the  river 
Ericht,  and  here,  every  day,  before  she  was  allowed  any  food,  she 
had  to  spin  a  thread  long  enough  to  reach  from  her  prison  down 
till  it  reached  the  water  of  the  river,  and  there  she  lingered  on  spin- 
ning her  daily  thread  to  an  extreme  old  age.  So  far  history  goes, 
and  stops,  but  as  usual,  local  tradition  steps  in,  and  draws  aside 
the  veil  of  time,  and  tells  us  how — 

"  Lady  Lindsay  sat  on  the  Piaven's  Eoc'c, 
An'  weary  spun  the  lee-lang  day  ; 
Tho'  her  fingers  were  worn,  they  aye  bore  the  stain 
0'  the  lihiid  o'  her  first  luve,  the  lycht  Lindsay," 

till  she  was  over  a  hundred  years  of  age,  and  till  at  last  her  shrivelled 
fingers  were  worn  by  the  constant  friction  of  the  thread  to  mere 
stumps.  At  last  she  died,  but  still  there  was  no  rest  for  the  mur- 
deress, for  there  her  gliost  was  seen  to  sit  and  spin,  and  often  the  keen 
angler,  as  he  fished  the  clear  waters  of  the  Ericht,  below  the 
Ravens'  Rock,  was  startled  by  seeing  a  shadowy  thread  coming 
slowly  down  from  above,  till  it  touched  the  water,  when  it 
instantly  disappeared,  and  the  scared  fisherman  knew  that  the 
Lady  Lindsay's  task  was  over  for  that  day  at  least.  So  the  thread 
of  time  spun  on  for  over  two  centuries,  and  still  the  ghost  of  the  Lady 
Lindsay,  the  misguided  grandchild  of  a  gallant  Stuart  king,  was 
seen  to  spin  on,  perched  on  her  lonely  rock,  till  at  last  came  the 
black  day  of  Culloden,  when  the  Stuart  cause  was  lost  for  ever,  and 
many  of  the  brave  Strathardle  lads,  who  had  escaped  from  the 
Royal  Butcher,  returned  to  hide  in  their  native  glen.  Amongst 
others  came  one  of  the  young  Fergussons  of  Balmacrochie — Niall 
Mor  nam  Brcac — Big  Neil  of  the  Trouts,  so  called  from  his  being  a 
very  expert  angler,  like  all  his  race,  who  were  so  fond  of  fishing 


that,  ages  before  this,  one  of  them  having  rendered  the  king  some 
great  service,  and  when  asked  what  rew^ard  he  Avould  like,  he  asked 
for  and  got  a  charter  giving  him  power  to  compel  all  the  owners  of 
property  on  hoth  sides  of  the  river  to  cut  down  all  trees  Avithin 
casting-line  length  of  the  river  along  its  course  through  the  strath 
above  Blairgowrie  for  fishing  purposes ;  a  right  which  this  family- 
are  well  known  to  have  possessed,  though  perhaps  not  enforced, 
down  till  Adam  Fergusson  sold  the  estate  and  w^ent  to  America 
about  1840. 

'  But  to  return  to  Big  Neil.  He  chose  as  his  hiding-place  a  hole 
under  some  large  boulders  on  the  bank  of  the  river  a  little  above 
the  Eavens'  Eock,  where  he  kept  himself  and  some  comrades,  who 
were  also  in  hiding  close  by,  well  supplied  with  his  favourite  trout, 
and  he  was  safe  from  the  English  soldiers  c|uartered  in  the  strath. 
But  another  altogether  unexpected  danger  came  upon  him.  A 
severe  thunderstorm  had  passed  over  Upper  Strathardle,  followed 
by  such  a  deluge  of  rain  that  it  brought  down  the  river  in  one 
breast  of  water.  Neil  of  the  Trouts  lay  in  his  den  sheltering  from 
the  rain,  and,  no  doubt,  thinking  how  it  would  put  the  river  into 
good  fishing  ply,  and  quite  iinaware  of  his  danger  till  the  water 
poured  in,  and  when  he  got  out  the  rushing  torrent  of  water  was  so 
strong  that  it  swept  him  away  down  the  stream.  Just  as  he  gave 
himself  up  for  lost,  the  eddy  swept  him  under  the  Eavens'  Eock, 
and  he  saw  a  thin  thread  hanging  down  from  the  cliff,  and  as  a 
drowning  man  will  clutch  at  a  straw  he  grasped  it,  and  to  his 
astonishment  it  held,  and  he  found  it  strong  enough  to  bear  his 
weight  and  check  his  onward  course,  and  by  its  help  he  slowly 
drew  himself  to  the  bank.  By  the  aid  of  an  alder-bush  he  got 
ashore,  and  just  as  he  stepped  on  to  the  bank  he  heard  a  wild 
scream  of  joy  overhead,  and  looking  up  he  saw  the  Lady  of  the 
Eock  standing  on  the  top  of  the  cliff  with  her  distaff  in  her  hand, 
from  which  hiuig  the  thread  that  had  saved  his  life.  In  terror  he 
threw  his  end  of  the  magic  thread  into  the  water,  when  at  once  she 
threw  distaff,  thread  and  all,  down  into  the  raging  river,  and 
with  frantic  signs  of  joy  disappeared  from  the  top  of  the  rock  for 
ever.  Her  task  was  done  and  her  punishment  over  ;  she  had  saved 
the  life  of  a  gallant  folloAver  of  the  Stuarts,  her  own  grandfather's 
royal  race,  and  so  by  saving  one  life  made  atonement  for  taking  away 
another  life ;  and  the  good  old  people  of  Strathardle  believed  that 
had  she  not  got  the  chance  of  doing  so,  she  would  still  have  been 
spinning  her  weary  thread  on  the  Ladies'  Eock  to  this  day.' 


Fergusson  of  Dunfallandy  or  of  Derculicli,  sometimes 
designed  as  Baron  Fergusson,  and  as  '  the  Laird  of  Fergus- 
son,'  was  the  chief  of  the  clan.  The  oldest  cadets  of  his 
house  who  can  be  traced  seem  to  have  been  the  barons  of 
Muling  (1446-1633)  and  of  Downy  (1510-1521).  Next  ap- 
parently came  the  families  of  Ballyoukan,  Belhchandy — with 
its  offshoot  Balmacruchie — Baledmund,  Bellizulland,  the 
Haugh  of  Dalshian,  who  Avere  all  flourishing  in  the  early 
years  of  the  seventeenth  centur}^.  It  is  a  curious  fact  that 
the  earliest  deed  now  existing  among  the  Dunfallandy  papers 
is  a  sasine  of  1612;  that  the  original  feu-charter  of  Baled- 
mund is  dated  I7th  December  1611,  and  that  the  first 
charter  of  Ballyoukan  is  also  dated  1st  January  1612.  In  the 
Rentall  of  1650  Fergusson  of  Pitfourie  appears,  and  also 
Patrick  Fergusson  of  Balmacruchie.  In  1603-5  there  had 
been  charters  to  Fergussons  (one  of  them  in  Wester  Dalna- 
breck)  of  the  lands  of  Easter  and  Wester  Butters-Calie. 
There  is  also  mention  of  Fergussons  of  Stravith  (1508),  of 
Stronymuck  (1572),  and  of  Belnacult  (1620).  In  the  Valua- 
tion of  1835,  Dunfallandy,  Middlehaugh,  and  Balcdnumd 
then  comprehending  Pitfourie,  are  found,  while  a  Miss  Fergu- 
son appears  as  owner  of  Wester  Calty,  and  in  Kirkmichael 
Adam  Ferguson  is  owner  of  Balmacruchie  and  Balintuim, 
Alexander  Ferguson  owns  a  part  of  Balmacruchie,  and  Charles 
Ferguson  is  owner  of  Easter  Dalnabreck. 

The  Fergussons  appear  as  an  '  unruly  clan '  in  the  roll 
drawn  up  in  1587,  of 'the  clannis  that  lies  capitanes  and 
chieftanes  quhom  on  they  depend.'  In  the  Act  of  the  same 
year,  by  which  certain  '  landlords  and  bailies  in  the  borders 
and  in  the  Highlands,  on  Avhose  lands  broken  men  dwell,' 
were  ordered  to  find  caution  '  that  they  shall  keep  good  rule 
in  the  country,  and  make  themselves  and  their  men  answer- 
able to  justice,'  there  occurs  the  name  of  'Baron  Ferguson  in 
£3000.'  The  '  Laird  of  Fergusson '  appears  in  the  roll  of 
'landit  men '  drawn  up  in  1590.  On  11th  November  1590 
caution  was  given  by  Sir  John  Murray  of  Tullibardin  '  for 
certain  men  in  Athole,'  among  whom  was  John  Ferguson  of 
Darcloch  (Dercuhch)  alias  Baroun  Fergussoun,  that  they 
would  find  the  required  caution  by  the  10th  December  next. 


It  has  been  supposed  that  a  Baron  Fergusson  was  executed 
for  takmg  part  in  the  Gowrie  conspirac}^  of  1600.  But  this 
appears  to  be  a  mistake,  and  the  true  sufferer  was  M'Duff,  the 
Baron  of  Fandowie.  This  gentleman's  aliases  have  caused  a 
good  deal  of  confusion,  which  fortunately  his  successor,  while 
j)articipating  in  it,  has  done  his  best  to  clear  up.  In  1602 
'  John  Fergussone  callit  Barroun  Fargussone,  John  Fargus- 
sone  in  Cluny,  and  David,  Baroun  in  Fandowie,'  sat  together 
on  an  assize.  The  last,  when  chosen  Chancellor,  was  described 
as  '  David  Farguison,  Baroun  of  Fandowie,'  but  when  he  came 
to  subscribe  the  verdict  he  signed  in  his  own  proper  name  as 
'  David  M'Duf  of  Fandowy.' 

The  Clan  Fergusson  were  probably  among  the  gallant 
Atholemen  who  followed  the  banner  of  Montrose  in  the  Civil 
Wars,  and  formed  the  original  nucleus  of  the  victorious 
Cavalier  army.  They  are  stated  to  have  joined  Viscount 
Dundee's  army  immediately  after  Killiecrankie,  and  many 
allusions  in  the  extracts  from  public  documents  and  private 
papers  which  follow,  show  that  they  formed  an  important  part 
of  the  fio'hting  strength  of  the  dukedom  of  Atholo  and  earl- 
dom  of  Strathardle.  The  Baledmund  papers  in  particular 
furnish  most  interesting  illustrations  of  the  social  conditions  of 
Atholo,  and  of  a  state  of  society  which  was  shattered  by  the 
result  of  the  first,  and  swept  away  after  the  second  of  the 
Jacobite  insurrections.  In  1605  we  find  Thomas  Ferguson  in 
Wester  Balmacruchie  and  others  undertaking  to  bu}^  from 
the  Earl  of  Athole  and  Sir  Robert  Crichton  of  Cluny  '  such 
quantity  of  anns  as  it  shall  be  found  they  ought  to  buy ' ; 
and  Lord  TuUibardine's  summons  to  Baledmund  to  attend  the 
funeral  of  John,  Marquis  of  Athole,  in  1708,  '  bringing  alongst 
with  you  a  pretty  man  out  of  each  two  merkland  with  his 
best  arms  and  cloaths,'  and  the  order  to  meet  his  Grace  at 
Logierait  in  June  1714,  'in  order  to  hear  sermon,'  show  how 
tenacious  was  the  hold  which  the  combination  of  feudal 
service  and  clan  attachment,  which  is  found  all  alono-  both 
sides  of  the  Highland  line,  had  secured  in  Athole.  A  graphic 
picture  of  the  difficulties  and  dangers  that  beset  a  Scottish 
gentleman  of  the  days  of  '  the  Fifteen '  is  found  in  the 
documents  Avhich  record  the  defence  and  escape  of  Finlay 


Fergusson  of  Baledmimcl  at  Liverpool  after  the  rout  of  Pres- 
ton. The  defence  was  most  common  at  the  time,^  and  pro- 
bably was  pleaded  by  others  who  had  attended  their  superiors 
fully  armed  and  with  right  good-will. 

In  1745  the  Athole  and  Strathardle  Fergussons  went  out 
with  Prince  Charlie.     Among  those  to  whom  similar  letters 
were  sent  by  the  Duke  (the  Jacobite  duke)  of  Atholl,  ordering 
them  to  raise  their  men  to  join  the  Jacobite  army,  were : 
'  Below  ye  pass 

Finlay  Ferguson  of  Baladmin  .  .  . 


Jas,  Ferguson  of  Wester  Callie  ' — 
and  on  January  81st,  1746,  the  Duke  of  Athole  wrote  to 
Captain  Thomas  Ferguson  of  Ballyoukan  and  Captain  James 
Robertson  of  Kilichangie  ordering  them  '  to  march  directly  to 
the  army  with  your  men,  though  you  should  have  but  thirty 
of  them.'  It  is  said  that  the  Rev.  Adam  Fergusson  (the 
minister  either  of  Logierait  or  Moulin,  both  being  keen  Han- 
overians) '  did  all  he  could  to  keep  the  Athole  clans  from 
going  out  with  the  Prince,  especially  the  Fergussons,  but  in 
vain  ;  for  they  all  went.  The  only  one  of  his  clan  whom  he 
could  persuade  to  stay  at  home  for  a  time  was  Captain 
Thomas  Fergusson  of  Ballyoukan,  who  wavered  for  a  little,  but 
the  Duke  of  Athole  sent  him  a  letter  which  at  once  brought 
him  out  also.' 

A  letter  among  the  Baledmund  papers,  apparently  from  the 
minister  of  Logierait,  announces  the  arrest,  in  the  June  follow- 
ing Culloden,  of  the  Laird  of  Dunfallandy,  and  there  are  also 
preserved  two  letters  from  '  the  Baron '  himself,  written  from 
his  imprisonment  in  the  gloomy  dungeons  of  Carlisle.  There 
is  a  touch  of  pathos  in  the  words  that  the  threatened  fever,  '  if 
sent,  will  be  a  heavy  affliction  in  this  miserable  confinement,' 
in  the  allusion  to  '  my  behaviour  in  the  unhappy  tragedy,' 
and  in  the  urgent  requests  for  '  a  certificate  of  my  age,  which 
will  be  a  great  mean  to  save  my  life.'  The  letter  of  his  agent 
and  the  formal  citations  are  also  interesting,  as  showing  the 
nature  of  the   eftbrts   made   on   behalf  of  the  unfortunate 

^  See  narrative  of  Forbes  of  Blackton  in  Tvo  Scottish  Soldiers,  etc.  ;  Aber- 
deen, 1888. 


Jacobites ;  and  it  is  particularly  gratifying  to  observe  that  the 
Scottish  counsel  who  appeared  for  him,  and  was  successful  in 
securing  an  acquittal,  was  James  Ferguson  of  Pitfour. 

The  Strathardle  Fergussons  went  out  along  with  their 
Athole  kinsmen  in  the  'Forty-five.'  The  Athole  family,  as 
superiors  of  Strathardle,  claimed  for  their  service  one  or  two 
men  from  each  estate,  according  to  its  size.  The  Dunfallandy, 
Baledmund,  and  Ballyoukan  papers  all  show  that,  after  the 
rising  of  1715,  the  personal  services  of  hosting,  huntmg, 
watching,  and  warding,  were  commuted  for  a  money  payment 
in  terms  of  the  Act  of  Parliament  of  George  i.,  but  the 
Jacobite  Duke  (the  Marquis  of  Tullibardine,  who  had  been  for- 
feited after  '  the  Fifteen,'  and  whose  brother  had  succeeded 
him)  does  not  seem  to  have  recognised  the  change,  wdien  he 
returned  to  his  lands  during  the  later  rismg.  A  special  levy 
which  he  ordered  from  Strathardle  consisted  of  forty-one 
men,  and  contained  five  Fergussons  (apart  from  those  w^ho 
voluntarily  Avent  out  wdth  the  Prince).  The  names  of  those 
who  'marched  with  Bleatown  from  Strathardle'  on  1st 
February  1746,  were : — 

John  Fergusson  from  the  ground  of  Dalmunzie. 

Peter  Fergusson     „     Easter  Bleaton. 

John  Fergusson     „     Black  Craig. 

John  Fergusson     „     Whitefield. 

Robert  Fergusson  „     AshintuUy. 
In  the  folloAving  pages  there  are  given  in  detail, — 

(1)  A  series  of  extracts  from  public  documents  and  pub- 
lished works  of  a  more  or  less  recondite  character  relating  to  the 
Athole  Fergussons,  and  mostly  of  a  date  prior  to  the  Restora- 
tion. With  the  Rental  of  1650,  the  Valuation  of  1835  is  com- 
pared. The  owners'  names  occur  so  frequently  together  that 
it  has  been  thought  better  to  give  these  extracts  in  continuous 
chronological  order,  instead  of  attempting  to  separate  those 
relating  to  the  different  families. 

(2)  Notes  from  the  Derculich  Titles  and  Dunfallandy 
papers,  etc. 

(3)  Notes  from  the  Middlehaugh  Papers. 

(4)  Notes  from  the  Baledmund  Papers. 

(5)  Notes  from  the  Ballyoukan  Papers. 


(6)  A  MS.  genealogy  by  the  Rev.  Adam  Fergusson,  minister 
of  Moulin,  representative  of  the  family  of  Belhchandy,  written 
in  1775,  with  a  letter  written  by  him  in  1746. 

(7)  Extracts  from  a  MS.  narrative  written  by  the  Rev. 
Adam  Fergusson,  minister  of  Logierait,  which  has  unfor- 
tunately been  lost.  Also  notices  of  his  son.  Professor  Adam 
Ferguson,  and  other  members  of  their  family,  contributed  by 
the  present  representative,  Robert  N.  R.  Ferguson,  London. 

(8)  Notes  by  Mr.  Robert  Fergusson,  Aberdeen,  on  the 
traditionary  origin  of  the  Dunfallandy  family  and  his  own 

(9)  Notes  by  J.  and  Alexander  Fergusson. 

(10)  Notices  of  Perthshire  ministers  of  the  name  of  Fer- 

To  these  detailed  extracts  a  few  words  of  introduction  in 
reference  to  the  various  families  of  the  name  are  necessary. 

Fergusson  of  Dercidiclt  and  Diinfallmidy,  otherwise 
Baron  Fergusson,  or  the  Laird  of  Fergusson. 

The  descent  of  the  Dunfallandy  family  can  be  substantially 
if  not  absolutely  traced  in  the  extracts  which  follow  from  a 
generation  which  had  passed  away  before  1489  to  the  present 
time.  But  even  at  the  date  when  it  can  first  be  identified  in 
State  documents,  it  was,  according  to  the  local  tradition  of 
the  district,  an  old  family,  and  corroboration  of  this  is  to  be 
found  in  the  documents  to  be  described. 

In  1489  Robert  Fergusson  obtains  a  decree  for  the  restora- 
tion of  a  charter  of  the  lands  of  '  dartull  and  edd'deduna ' 
(Derculich  and  Edradynato),  a  letter  of  assedation  of  the  kirk- 
lands  of  Mulyn  and  Strathardill,  and  a  bond,  which  writs  had 
been  '  given  in  keeping  by  umqidiill  Robert  Fergusson  to  the 
utilitio  of  the  said  Robert  his  son.'  The  same  Robert  appar- 
ently witnessed  a  charter  in  1493,  and  in  1537  tried  again  to 
assert  his  rights  as  heir  and  successor  to  umquhill  Robert 
Fergusson  of  Downy,  whose  papers  were  refused  to  him.^ 
Among  the  papers  of  which  he  then  sought  restitution  were, 
in  addition  to  the  later  Downy  charters  and  older  writs  of  that 
estate,  a  charter  of  King  Robert  of  the  lands  of  Cluny  and 

^  Baledmund  Papers. 


Kynnard,  granted  to  Adam  Fergusson,  and  a  charter  of  King 
John  to  Adam  Fergusson  of  the  lands  of  Ckmy.  These  seem 
to  mdicate  an  ancestor  who  hved  in  the  days  of  tlie  War  of 
Independence,  and  who  seems  to  have  done  well  under 
Balliol  and  better  under  the  Bruce. 

In  1539  Robert  Fergusson  Avas  succeeded  by  his  son 

In  1565  John  Fergusson  of  Derculich  appears  acting  as  a 
curator,  and  in  1572  James  Fergusson  of  Derculich,  alias 
Baron  Fergusson,  is  fined.  In  1590  John  Fergusson  of  Der- 
culich, alias  Baron  Fero-usson,  is  found  caution  for,  and  in 
1602  his  lands  are  harried  by  the  Stewarts  of  Appin  and  the 
Oamerons,  while  in  the  same  year  he  sits  on  an  assize 
along  with  John  Fergusson  in  Cluny,  and  David  M'Duff  of 
Fandowie.  He  is  mentioned  along  with  William  Fergusson, 
his  eldest  son  and  apparent  heir  (fiar  of  Derculich),  in 

In  1611  William  Fergusson  of  Derculich  gives  security  not 
to  commune  with  James  Earl  of  Athole  while  unrelaxed.- 

In  1612  William  Fergusson  had  sasine  of  Dunfallandy  and 
Dalshian.^     He  is  also  mentioned  in  1615. 

In  1616  the  Earl  of  Tullibardine  granted  to  Robert  Fergus- 
son,  son  and  apparent  heir  of  umquhill  William  Fergusson  of 
Derculich,  the  Avard  and  non-entry  duties.'^ 

In  1620  Robert  Fergusson  of  Derculich  was  entered  by 
precept  of  dare  constat  as  heir  of  his  father  AVilliam  Fergus- 
son  in  the  lands  of  Dunfallandy  and  Dalshian. 

In  1629,  and  again  in  1630,  he  was  served  heir  of  John 
Fergusson  of  Dunfallandy,  baron  of  Downy,  brother  of  the 
defunct  Robert  Fergusson  of  Derculich,  his  grcat-great-grand- 

The  descent  of  the  lands  of  Derculich  Avould  therefore 
appear  to  have  been, 

Robert,  umquhill  in  1489. 

Robert,  1489  and  1537,  brother  of  John  of  Downy. 

William,  1539,  his  son. 

John,  1565. 

^  Derculich  Titles.  -  Extracts  from  Public  Documents,  etc. 

^  Dunfallandy  Papers.  ■*  Baledmund  Papers.  ^  Retours. 


James,  1572. 

John,  1590  and  1607. 

William,  liis  son,  1611,  1612,  1615. 

Kobert,  his  son,  1620,  1629. 

But  as  tested  by  the  retour  of  1629  there  are  here  two 
names  too  many,  and  therefore  there  must  either  have  been 
on  two  occasions  successions  of  collaterals,  or  at  least  one  mis- 
take in  a  name.  If  the  James  of  1572  should  be  John,  then 
the  number  of  generations  would  correspond, 

Robert  Fergusson  parted  Avith  Dorculich  before  1650, 
having  granted  two  feu-charters  in  1537. 

His  son  John  of  Dunfallandy  was  served  heir  to  him  in 
1668,  having  had  a  charter  from  him  in  1648. 

In  1674  he  was  appointed  tutor  to  James  Ferguson,  son 
of  Robert  Ferouson,  his  brother,^  and  in  1685  he  granted 
precept  of  sasine  in  favour  of  his  nephew  James.  In  1705 
he  was  succeeded  by  his  own  son,  James  Fergusson,  who,  in 
1744,  was  again  succeeded  by  his  son  James  Fergusson,  who 
was  tried  at  Carlisle  in  1746,  and  in  1751  married  Elizabeth 
Butter  of  Pitlochry.  He  was  succeeded  in  1777  by  his  son, 
General  Archibald  Fergusson,  who  died  in  1834,  and  was 
succeeded  by  his  grandson,  Archibald  Fergusson  of  the  79th 
Highlanders,  son  of  the  General's  eldest  son,  William  Dick 
Fergusson,  upon  Avhose  death  the  estate  passed  to  his  sister, 
Miss  Margaret  Fergusson,  now  of  Dunfallandy. 

The  lands  of  '  Baron  Fergusson '  were  originally  very 
extensive.  According  to  the  minister  of  Moulin's  MS.  they 
comprehended  Dunfallandy,  the  ten  pound  land  of  Derculich, 
the  ten  pound  land  of  Dalshian,  and  the  third  of  Strathairdle 
and  Glenshee. 

From  the  report  of  a  case  in  the  Court  of  Session  in  1874, 
in  reference  to  the  rights  to  the  loch  of  Derculich  of  the 
surrounding  proprietors,  who  were  the  owners  of  the  estates 
of  Derculich  extending  along  the  eastern  side  of  the  lake 
and  mill  of  Derculich,  a  small  property  about  a  mile  below, 
of  Edradynate,  and  of  the  lands  of  Clunie  and  Blackhill,  it 
appears  that : — '  In  the  early  part  of  the  seventeenth  century 
the  whole  lands  surrounding  Loch  Derculich,  and  extending 

^  Inq.  de  Tutela. 


down  the  burn,  and  now  belonging  to  the  owners  of  the  three 
properties  above  mentioned,  belonged  to  a  family  named 
Fergusson,  Avhose  titles  expressly  gave  them  right  to  the 
loch.  In  June  1637  Robert  Fergusson  conveyed  to  Adam 
Reid  and  his  spouse  the  lands  now  forming  the  estate  of 
Edradynate,  and  on  the  same  day  he  conveyed  Blackhill  to 
Francis  Reid,  the  eldest  son  of  Adam.  The  lands  of  Easter 
Derculich  and  the  mill-lands  were  held  by  the  Fergussons, 
and  subsequently  by  a  famil}^  named  Fleming,  till  1723.'  They 
had,  however,  been  conveyed  to  the  Flemings  prior  to  1650. 

The  folloAving,  therefore,  appears  to  have  been  the  suc- 
cession of  the  family  of  the  ancient  chiefs  of  the  name : — 

Adam  Fergusson  of  Cluny  (and  Kynnard),  ternjx  John 
Balliol  and  King  Robert  i. 

Robert  Fergusson  of  Derculich  (umquhill  in  1489). 
Robert  Fergusson  of  Derculich,  his  son  (1489  and  1537), 

brother  of  John  of  Downy. 
William  Fergusson  of  Derculich,  his  son  (1539). 
John  Fergusson  of  Derculich  (1565  and  1607-1608),  (?). 
William  Fergusson  of  Derculich  (1607, 1611-1612, 1616), 

his  son. 
Robert  Fergusson  of  Derculich  and  Dunfallandy  (1620 

and  1665)  his  son. 
John  Fergusson  of  Dunfallandy  (1668-1705),  his  son. 
James  Fergusson  of  Dunfallandy  (1705  and  1744),  his 

James  Fergusson  of  Dunfallandy  (1744  and  1777),  his 

General  Archibald  Fergusson  of  Dunfallandy  (1777  and 

1834),  his  son. 
William  Dick  Fergusson,  his  son. 
Archibald  Fergusson  of  Dunfallandy,  his  son. 
Miss  Margaret  Fergusson  of  Dunfallandy,  his  sister. 

Fergusson  of  Boiuny. 

On  6th  May  1510  there  was  confirmed  a  charter  of  William 
Scot  of  Balweary,  by  which  he  sold  to  John  Fergusson  in 


Dimfallanty  the  lands  and  barony  of  DoAvny.  In  1511-12 
Jolm  Fergnsson  of  Downy  increased  liis  estate  by  the  addition 
of  other  lands  in  Strathardle ;  and  in  September  1512  he 
settled  the  whole  in  fee  npon  his  son,  Robert  Fergusson,  and 
Janet  Werayss,  his  spouse.  His  death  seems  to  be  referred 
to  in  the  record  of  that  of  John  Robertson  M'Fargus  at 
Dimfallanti  in  151G.  Robert  Fergusson,  the  son,  did  not 
long  enjoy  them,  and  left  no  issue,  for  in  March  1521-22  they 
were  dealt  with  as  escheat  to  the  king  on  the  ground  that 
John,  his  father,  was  a  bastard,  and  he  himself  had  died 
without  legitimate  heirs  or  legal  disposition.  They  were 
granted  first  to  the  Earl  of  Erroll,  and  then  to  Thomas  Scott,^ 
but  the  bastardy  of  John  seems  to  have  been  disputed  by  his 
family,  for  in  1629  Robert  Fergusson  of  Derculich  got  him- 
self served  heir  in  the  lands  of  the  barony  of  DoAvny  to  John 
Fergusson  in  Dunfallanty,  brother  of  the  deceased  Robert 
Fergusson  of  Derculich,  his  great-great-grandfather.  His 
son  John  was  again  served  heir  to  him,  in  1668,  in  the  lands 
and  barony  of  Downy.  It  does  not  appear  Avhether  the  lands 
were  at  this  time  in  the  possession  of  the  Fergussons,  and  it 
seems  probable  that  it  was  only  the  superiority  which  was 
then  held.  The  rights,  Avhatever  they  were,  were  made  over 
to  the  Duke  of  Athole,  for  in  a  charter,  confirmed  by  Parlia- 
ment in  1672,  the  lands  of  Downy  appear  among  the  Athole 
estates  as  having  been  acquired  upon  the  resignation  of  John 
Fergusson  of  Downy. 

The  portion  of  the  barony  of  Downy  in  Strathardle  con- 
sisted of  the  lands  of  Over  DoAvnie,  Middle  DoAvnie,  Borland, 
Eclmarnothy,  Cultalony,  Stron-na-muic,  part  of  Pitbrane, 
and  part  of  Glengennet  (noAv  Glen  Derby).  The  remainder 
of  the  barony  Avas  in  Glenshee,  and  comprised  Finnegand, 

^  This  Thomas  Scott,  son  of  Sir  William  of  Balweaiy,  who  was  taken 
prisoner  at  Flodden,  was  the  Jnstice-Clerk,  of  whom  Knox  records  that  on 
the  night  of  his  death  in  Edinburgh  the  King  at  Linlithgow  saw  a  vision, 
and  told  his  courtiers  that  '  Thomas  Scott  was  dead,  for  he  had  been  at  him 
with  a  company  of  devils,  and  had  said  to  him  these  Mords,  "0  wo  to  the 
day  that  ever  I  knew  thee  or  thy  service ;  for  serving  of  thee  against  God, 
against  his  servants,  and  against  justice  I  am  adjudged  to  endless  torment." 
How  terrible  voices  the  said  Thomas  Scott  pronounced  before  his  death  men 
of  all  estates  heard,  and  some  that  yet  live  can  witness,  his  voice  ever  was 
"Judo  Dei  justicio  condtmnatus  sum."  ' 


Inneredrie,    Bynan    Mor,    Bynan    Beg",    Redorach,    Kerrow, 
Cutliill,  Dalinonzie,  and  part  of  Glenbeg. 

In  addition  to  tliese,  John  Fergusson  of  Downie,  in  1512, 
held  Murthly,  Inverqnhorsky,  Dah-ulzian,  Leourch,  Dahiiava, 
(probably  the  remainder  of)  Glenganot  and  Glenbeg,  and 

FergiLSSon  of  Muling. 

The  succession  of  the  Barons  of  Muling  appears  to  have 
been  as  follows  : — 

1.  Duncan   Fergusson   had  a  charter  of  the   lands   of 

Muling  in"l446.'^ 

2.  Fergus  Duncanson. 

3.  His  son,  whose  name  has  not  been  preserved. 

4.  James  Fergusson,  who  in  1529  had  sasine  as  heir  to 

umquhile  Fergus  Duncanson,  his  grandsire,  in  the 
said  lands.     He  died  in  1545. 

5.  Duncan  Fergusson,  served  heir  of  his  father  James  in 

1568,  and  died  in  1579. 

6.  David  Fergusson,  who  married  Christian  Duff,  who 

in  1626  surrendered  her  liferent  in  favour  of  her 

7.  Duncan  Fergusson,  served  heir  in  1632  to  his  o-reat- 

grandfather,   James   Fergusson,   who   Avadset   the 
estate  in  1633. 

Fergusson  of  Middlehaugh.- 

A  James  Fergusson  appears  located  in  the  west  end  of  the 
Haugh  of  Dalshian  in  1598,  but  this  is  the  part  subsequently 
held  with  Baleclmund. 

In  1615,  however,  John  Fero-usson  of  the  Hausfh  was 

among  those  fined  for  resetting  the  Clan  Gregor. 
In  1641  Patrick  Fergusson,  portioner  of  Dalshian,  etc., 
grants  precept  of  sasine  of  Middlehaugh,  etc.,  in 
favour  of  his  eldest   son,  Donald  Fergusson,  and 
Christina  Stewart.^ 

^  Baledmund  Papers.  ^  Middlehaugh  Papers. 



In  1650  Donald  Fergusson  appears  as  owner  of  Middle- 
liaugh,  of  Dalshian,  and  Balnacrie. 

In  1671  he  is  tutor  to  Alexander  Fergusson,  liis  son. 

In  1677  Donald  Fergusson,  with  consent  of  Alexander 
his  son,  wadsets,  and  in  1686  dispones,  Middlehaugh. 

In  1720  Robert  Fergusson  in  Croft-in-loan  buys  Middle- 
haugh. It  would  appear  from  the  minister  of 
Moulin's  MS.  that  there  was  a  connection  between 
his  family  and  that  of  the  previous  Fergusson 
owners.     From  him  the  descent  of  the  lands  is : — 

Robert  Fergusson,  1720. 

Finlay  Fergusson,  his  son,  served  heir  1753. 

Adam  Fergusson,  1763. 

James  Fergusson,  1819. 

James  Mure  Fergusson,  Captain  42nd  Highlanders. 

Samuel  Robert  Fergusson,  his  brother,  died  1891. 

Fergusson  of  Balechniind. 

Finlay  Fergusson  of  Baledmund  is  complained  against  in 
1607,  but  the  original  charter  of  the  estate  is  dated  in  1611. 
The  succession  is — 

1.  Finlay  Fergusson,  1607,  1611 ;  married  Grizell  Bruce 

in  1619." 

2.  Fersjus  Ferofusson,  his  son,  re  toured  1632. 

3.  Finlay  Fergusson,  his  son,  entered  1681,  died  1711. 

4.  Janet  Fergusson,  his  niece,  married  James  Fergusson 

of  Pitfourie,  and  disponed  to  her  son. 

5.  Finlay,  their  son,  tried  at  Liverpool  1716. 

6.  Edmund  Fergusson,  his  son,  entered  1758. 
Margaret  Fergusson,  his  sister,  married,  1747,  Thomas 

Ferguson  of  Ballyoukan. 

7.  Alexander    Fergusson,   their    son,   born   1748 ;    sold 

Ballyoukan  and  succeeded  his  uncle  in  Baledmund. 

8.  James  Fergusson,  his  son,  born  1806,  died  1887. 

9.  James  Grant  Fergusson,  his  son,  now^  of  Baledmund. 

The  house  of  Baledmund  has  been  called  the  '  Star  of 
Athole.'     The  Glen-brerachan  portion  of  the  estate  was  in 


Strathardle,  and    in    the   Valuation    of  1835    Fergusson   of 
Baledmund  is  also  entered  as  the  owner  of  Pitfourie. 

Fergusson  of  Bally oukan. 

Finlay  Fergusson  of  Ballyoukan  died  in  1582. 

Thomas  Fergusson  of  Ballyoukan  is  recorded  in  1607  as 
sittinof  on  an  assize,  and  undertakes  not  to  commune  with 
the  Earl  of  Athole  in  1611 ;  his  son  AVilliam  on  the  latter 
occasion  being  one  of  the  witnesses. 

His  charter  is  dated  in  January  1612,  and  he  is  complained 
against  in  1615.  Ho  was  succeeded  by  his  son  William 
Fergusson,  who,  in  1641,  granted  a  charter  of  his  lands  in 
favour  of  Alexander  Fergusson,  his  son-in-law,  and  Elspet 
Fermisson,  his  daus^hter. 

This  Alexander  was  proprietor  in  1668.  The  evidence  of 
the  charter  of  1641  does  not  altogether  coincide  with  the 
statement  in  the  minister  of  Moulin's  MS.,  which  makes  the 
marriage  of  the  heiress  subsequent  to  the  death  of  the  father, 
and  seems  to  describe  the  husband  as  Thomas  Fergusson 
instead  of  Alexander.  But  probably  there  is  not  more  dis- 
crepancy than  is  to  be  expected  in  a  traditionary  family 
account  of  a  century  later,  and  the  minister's  statement  is 
distinct  that  the  subsequent  owners  were  descendants  of  a 
second  marriage.     In  any  case  the  descent  of  the  estate  is : — 

1.  Thomas  Fergusson,  1607,  1615. 

2.  William  Fergusson,  1641. 

3.  Elspet  and  Alexander,  1663. 

4.  Alexander,  son  of  the  said  Alexander,  entered  1705. 

5.  Thomas,  his  son,  entered   1760 ;    married    Maro-aret 

Fersfusson  of  Baledmund. 

6.  Alexander,  his  son,  entered  1782.    He  sold  Ballyoukan 

in  1802,  and  succeeded  to  Baledmund. 

Fergusson  of  Bellicliandy. 

The  descent  of  this  estate  is  thus  given  in  the  minister  of 
Moulin's  MS.  :— 



4.  Fergus  Fergusson  of  Bellicliandy,  said  to  have  been 

the  fourth  proprietor  from  father  to  son.  (He  is 
recorded  as  on  an  assize  in  1573.) 

5.  Adam  Fergusson,  his  son  (resetted  the  Clan  Gregor 

in  1613). 

6.  John  Fergusson,  his  son. 

7.  Alexander  Fergusson  of  Bellichandy,  his  son,  who 

sold  the  estate  prior  to  1650,  and  Avas  father  of 
Adam,  the  minister  of  Moulin.  According  to  the 
minister's  MS.,  Adam,  his  great-grandfather,  had 
succeeded  also  to  Balmacruchie. 

One  of  the  ancestors  previous  to  Fergus  Fergusson  is  re- 
corded as  showing  quick  decision  in  taking  the  law  into  his  own 
hands.  In  1510  Baron  John  Robertson  of  Straloch  'being 
killed  at  Dunkeld  by  Stewart  of  Fincastle,  his  death  was 
immediately  avenged  on  the  said  Stewart  by  Fergusone  of 
Balichainduibh. ' 

Fergusson  of  Bellizulland. 

William  Fergusson  of  Bellizulland,  along  with  William 
Fergusson  of  Derculich,  is  mentioned  as  unrelaxed  from  a 
horning  in  1615.  And  Alexander  Fergusson  appears  as  the 
owner  of  Bellizulein  in  1650. 

Fergusson  of  Pitfourie. 

Robert  Fergusson  of  Pitfourie  appears  in  the  Rentall  of 

Finlay  Fergusson  of  Pitfourie  acts  as  bailie  in  a  sasme  of 
Middlehaugh  in  1706. 

Janet  Fergusson,  apparent  heiress  of  Finlay  Fergusson  of 
Baledmund,  with  assent  of  James  Fergusson  her  husband, 
dispones  Balednmnd  to  their  son  Finlay  in  1711, 

James  Fergusson  of  Pitfourie  is  party  in  an  agreement 
as  to  the  Mill  of  Pitlochry  in  1734 

His  son  Finlay  succeeds  both  to  Pitfourie  and  Baled- 


Fergusson  of  Donavourd. 

James  Fergusson  appears  as  holding  half  of  Donavourd 
and  Janet  Ferguson  as  holding  half  for  her  liferent  in  1650. 

Fergusson  of  Inch. 

In  1618,  John  Fergusson  of  Inch  was  fined  for  resetting 
the  Clan  Gregor. 

Fergusson  of  Cally. 

In  1512  a  quarter  of  the  town  of  Cally  is  let  by  Cupar 
Abbey  to  John  Fergusson  in  Cally. 

In  1604  Fergus  Fergusson  of  Easter  Butteris  married. 

In  1620  charters  are  granted  to  Angus  Fergusson,  alias 
M'Innes,  in  Easter  Cally,  of  Easter  Butteris-Cally,  and  to 
Robert  Fergusson,  alias  M'Innes,  in  Wester  Dalnabreck  of 
Wester  Butteris-Callie. 

In  1650  Cally  is  not  named,  but  Robert  Fergusson  holds 
Butterstailes  and  a  quarter  of  Blackcraig. 

In  1746  James  Fergusson  of  Wester  Cally  is  summoned 
to  rise  by  the  Duke  of  Athole. 

In  1835  Miss  Fergusson  is  owner  of  Wester  Cally. 

Fergusson  of  Balmacruchie. 

In  1605  caution  is  given  for  Thomas  Fergusson  in  Wester 
Balmacruchie  to  buy  arms. 

In  1650  Patrick  Ferguson  is  owner  of  part  of  Balmacruchie, 
and  Janet  Ferguson  of  part. 

In  the  Valuation  of  1835,  Adam  Fergusson  appears  as 
owner  of  Wester  Balmacruchie,  of  part  of  Easter  Balma- 
cruchie, and  of  Wester  Balintuim,  and  Alexander  Ferguson 
as  owner  of  part  of  Easter  Balmacruchie.  From  the  minister 
of  Moulin's  MS.,  it  appears  that  about  1575  Balmacruchie  was 
bought  by  Thomas  Fergusson,  a  younger  son  of  the  Belli- 
chandy  family,  and  that  he  was  succeeded  by  his  elder 
brother,  Adam  Fergusson  of  Bellichandy. 


The  descent  of  the  estate  would  therefore  seem  to  be  the 
same  as  that  of  Bellichandy  till  the  latter  was  sold,  and  to 

1.  The  Rev.  Adam  Fergusson. 

2.  Neil  Fergusson,  advocate,  surviving  son. 

3.  Adam  Fergusson  of  Woodhill,  advocate,  his  eldest 


Fergusson  of  Easter  Dalnahrech. 

In  1620  Robert  Fergusson  is  mentioned  as  in  Wester 

In  1835  Charles  Ferguson  is  owner  of  three-fourths  of 
Easter  Dalnabreck. 

In  1873  John  Ferguson  is  owner  of  Easter  Dalnabreck. 

From  the  report  of  a  case  in  the  Court  of  Session  in  1875, 
it  appears  that  in  1855  the  Rev.  James  Ferguson  of  Easter 
Dalnabreck  disponed  the  estate  in  favour  of  John  his  brother, 
and  the  heir-male  of  his  body ;  whom  failing,  in  favour  of 
the  Rev.  Donald  Ferguson,  also  his  brother.  John  Ferguson 
succeeded,  and  had  two  sons,  John  Maxwell  Ferguson  and 
Charles  Ferguson.  John  Ferguson  and  his  descendants  are 
now  settled  in  Western  Australia.  He  spells  his  name  with 
one  s,  while  his  brother.  Rev.  Donald  Fergusson,  uses  two. 

Fergusson  of  Crosshill. 

Crossbill,  a  little  property  in  Strathardle,  also  belonged  to 
Fergussons,  when  the  Rev.  Donald  Fergusson  was  a  young 
man.  There  was  also  a  family  connected  with  that  of  Easter 
Dalnabreck,  resident  at  Milltown  of  Inverchroskie. 

Fergusson  of  Claggan. 

A  Ferguson  held  these  lands  in  the  end  of  the  eighteenth 
and  beginning  of  the  nineteenth  centuries. 

General  Notices  from  Public  Records,  1483-1674. 

l4//i  February  1483.  Robert  Fergussoun,  Sclereoch  Fergussoun 
and  others,  ordained  to  make  payment  for  the  maills  of  certain 
lands  in  A  thole. — {Acta  Auditorum.) 


Is^  March  1-1:89.  Decree  by  the  Lords  of  Council  that  David 
Reoch  shall  deliver  to  Robert  Eergusson  certain  charters,  evidents, 
obligations,  and  acquittances,  i.e.  a  charter  of  John  Earl  of  Athole 
of  the  lands  of  'dartull  and  edd'deduna,'  made  to  the  said  Robert 
and  his  heirs  in  fee  and  heritage,  by  resignation  of  Silvester  Rattray 
of  that  ilk,  in  the  hands  of  the  said  Earl,  with  a  letter  of  bailzery  of 
the  said  Earl's  to  give  sasine  to  the  said  Robert,  with  an  instrument 
of  sasine  of  the  same,  together  with  a  charter  of  the  said  Silvester, 
with  a  letter  of  bailzery  of  the  said  lands  of  Dartuly  and  Edde- 
duna,  and  also  a  letter  of  association  of  the  kirk  and  lands  of  Mulyn 
and  Strathardill,  made  by  a  venerable  father  in  God,  Adam  Abbot 

of  Dunfermline,  and  likewise  an  obligation  of  Neil  Stewart  of 

merks,  which  letters,  obligations,  and  evidents  were  given  to  the  said 
Reoch  in  keeping  by  umc{uhill  Rol)ert  Fergusson,  to  the  utilitie 
of  the  said  Robert  his  son,  as  was  proved  by  an  instrument  under 
the  signe  of  Sir  Steven  Young,  notary-public. — {Ada  Dominorum 

6th  July  1493.  Robert  Fergusoun  of  Derguly  is  a  witness  to  a 
charter  granted  at  Cluny,  6th  Jul.  1493,  by  James  Hering  of  Tuli- 
bole  to  his  son. — {Reg.  Mag.  Sig.  i.  2165.) 

1496,  June  16th.  Complaint  by  Robert  Aysone  of  Tulymat, 
against  Fyndlaw  Gilbrydsone,  Donald  Fergussone,  and  others,  who 
had  '  spulzeit '  from  the  abbot  and  convent  of  Cowpar  five  score  of 
kye  and  oxen,  price  of  each  24s.,  four  horses  and  mares,  price  of 
each  40s., — and  requiring  that  the  said  persons  should  keep  the 
complainer  skaithless  at  the  hands  of  the  said  abbot  and  convent 
for  the  value  of  the  said  goods,  and  of  the  payment  of  £20  yearly 
for  eleven  years  on  the  same  account.  The  defenders  fail  to  com- 
pear, and  the  case  is  continued  to  14th  October  thereafter,  but  is 
not  recorded  then  nor  subsecjuently. — {Acta  Dora.  Cone.  MS.  Record, 
vol.  vii.  fol.  9.) 

1508.  John  Ferguson  of  Stravith  is  a  witness  to  Barone  Reid's 
(of  Dalquharny)  in  Strathardill,  Band  of  Manrent  to  the  Earl  of 
Huntly. — {Misc.  Spalding  Club.) 

6th  May  1510.  Confirmation  of  a  charter  of  William  Scot  of 
Balweary,  by  which  he  sold  to  John  Fergussoun  in  Dunfallanty,  his 
heirs  and  assignees,  '  terras  de  baronie  de  Douny  vie.  Perth  viz. 
Over  D.,  Middil  D.,  Bordland,  Edynarnochty,  Cultolony,  Strony- 
Qiuk,  Fanyeand,  Invereddie  cum  molendino,  Bynnanmore,  Bynnan- 


beg,  Randeweyoch,  Kerauch,  Cowthill  et  Dalmonge,  cum  partibus 
de  Pitbrane,  Glengaisnot,  et  Glenbeg : — Tenend.  de  rege  in  feodo.' 
At  Stirling,  6th  May  1510.— (i%.  Mag.  Sig.  i.  3457.) 

20th  Jan.  1511-12.  'Rex  concessit  Johanni  Fergusoun  de 
Douny  et  ejus  heredibus — terras  de  Murthlie,  Inverquhorsky, 
Dalrilzeanis,  Leourch,  Dalmava,  Glenganot,  Petbrane,  et  Kynnard 
in  dominio  de  Strathardill  vie.  Perth,  quas  Dorothea  Tulloch  .  .  . 
sui  resignavit :  et  quas  rex  pro  speciali  favore  univit  baronie  de 
Douny.'"    Edinburgh,  20th  Jan.  1511-12.— (Beg.  Mag.  Sig.  i.  3682.) 

4//i  Se^t.  1512.  Confirmation  of  a  charter  of  John  Fergusoune  de 
Downy,  by  which  he  granted  to  Robert  Fergusoune  his  son  and 
apparent  heir,  and  Jonete  Wemyss  his  spouse,  and  their  issue, 
whom  failing  to  the  heirs  whomsoever  of  the  said  Robert,  the  lands 
of  Over  Downy,  Cultolony  and  Stronymuk,  and  to  the  said 
Robert  and  his  heirs  the  rest  of  the  barony  of  Downy  (described  as 
in  the  previous  charter),  reserving  to  the  said  John  his  liferent  of 
the  said  lands,  except  Over  Downy,  Cultolony,  and  Stronymuk.' 
Executed  at  Wemyss  14  Aug.  1512,  there  being  among  the  wit- 
nesses, David  Wemyss  son  and  apparent  heir  of  David  Wemyss  of 
that  ilk,  Knight,  Fergus  son  of  Angus,  and  D.  Pat.  Young,  chap- 
lain.   Conf.  at  Edinburgh  4th  Sept.  1512.— {lieg.  Mag.  Sig.  i.  3769.) 

1516.     Death   of  John  Robertson  M'Fargus  at  Dunfallanti. — 

(Chronicle  of  Fortingall.) 

'  At  Whitsunday  1512  the  quarter  of  the  toun  of  Cally  which 
Wat  Spaldin  possessed  is  let  to  John  Ferguson  for  five  years,  jiaying 
four  merks  for  entry. — (From  the  Bental-Book  of  Cupar  Ahhey, 
i.  p.  286.) 

21s^  March  1521-22.  Charter  to  William  Earl  of  Erroll  of  the 
lands  and  barony  of  Downy  (as  before  specified),  'regi  pertinen. 
ratione  eschaete  per  mertem  Roberti  Fergussone  ex  eo  quod  quon- 
dam Joh.  F.  pater  dicti  Rob.  qui  ei  succedere  clebui.sset  si  legit, 
procreatur  fuisset  bastardus  obiit.'  At  Edinburgh,  21st  March 
1521-22.— {Beg.  Mag.  Sig.  ii.  226.) 

17^/i  August  1537.    Charter  of  the  same  to  Thome  Scot,  justiciarie 
clerico. — '  regi  contingentes  per  decessum  Roberti  Fergusoun  filii  et 
heredis   quondam   Johannis   F.    bastardi   tanquam   ultimo  heredi/ 
dictorum  Rob.  aut  Joh. :  qui  Rob.  absque  legit,  heredibus  de  cor^' 


pore  procreatis  decessit.'     At  Tantallon,  17th  August  loS7.—{Iieq. 
Mag.  Sig.  ii.  1703.) 

In  1586  a  bond  of  manrent  Avas  given  to  the  Earl  of  Huntly  by 
William  Scot  of  Abbotishall  and  of  Downy,  '  lyand  in  Strathardill 
and  Glensche.' 

23rd  September  1538.  Another  charter  to  Thomas  Scot  of  the 
said  lands  and  barony  (including  the  lacus  de  Cessirno)  On  the 
narrative  that  they  had  fallen  to  the  king,  and  been  granted  in  his 
minority  to  the  Earl  of  Erroll  on  account  of  the  death  of  Robert 
Fergusson,  son  of  John  Fergusson,  a  bastard,  Avithout  legitimate 
heirs  or  legal  disposition.  Linlithgow,  23rd  September  1538. 
—(Beg.  Mag.  Sig.  ii.  1841.) 

l^tli  December  1565.  John  Fergussone  de  Darcolych  appears  as 
curator  of  John  M'Nair,  in  a  charter  granted  by  Eol)ert  Maknair, 
canon  of  Dunkeld,  and  prebendary  of  Inchemagranoch.  (21  April 
1564.)— (i?('^.  Mag.  Sig.  iii.  1686.) 

1568,  27/A  April.  Duncanus  Fergussone  ha^res  Jacobi  Fergussone 
de  Muling  patris  in  terris  et  baronia  de  Muling  in  parochia  de 
Strathurde.     A.  E.  40s.;  N.  E.  £10.~{Betours  Perth,  22.) 

[The  precept  of  sasine  following  on  this  Retour  states  that  the 
ancestor  had  been  dead  twenty -three  years,  and  that  his  widow's 
name  was  Marion  Campbell.  The  MS.  Liber  Responsionum  in  the 
Register  House,  which  states  this,  also  gives  precept  of  sasine  of  the 
lands  of  Muling  to  David  Ferguson,  9th  May  1591,  the  lands  having 
been  in  non-entry  for  twelve  years.  In  1632  the  deceased  David 
Ferguson,  of  Muling,  father  of  Duncan  Ferguson,  then  of  Muling,  is 
mentioned,  and  on  Duncan's  resignation  in  1638 — Nth  Decem])er 
— the  lands  of  Muling  were  granted  to  the  Earl  of  Tullibardin. 
— {Beg.  Mag.  Sig.  Not  yet  printed.  Note  communicated  by  J.  G. 
Maitland  Thomson,  Esq.) 

Zrcl  February  1572-3.  James  Fergussone  of  Dirtullych,  alias 
B.xrroun  Fergussone,  was  fined  for  non-appearance  of  certain 
persons,  and  Patrick  Fergussoun  of  Stronymuk,  for  non-appearance 
of  others  Avho  were  charged  with  the  slaughter  of  umc|uhill  Robert 
Inglis  in  Medoheid. — (Pitcairn's  Crim.  TriaU,  i.  p.  39.) 

15^/i  Februari/  1573.  Fergus  Fergussoun  of  Bellechandie  appears 
as  one  of  an  assize  on  15th  February  1573,  referred  to  in  a  grant  of 
annualrent  (?)  out  of  the  lands  of  Fascolyie  to  Andrew  Earl  of 
Erroll,  dated  9th  April  1574:.— {Beg.  Mag.  Sig.  iii.  2225.) 


1587,  1590.  'The  Eoll  of  the  Clannis  that  has  Capitanis, 
Cheiffis  and  Chiftennis,  quhomeon  they  depend  oftymes  aganis 
the  will  of  thair  Landis-lordis  alsweill  on  the  Bordouris  as  Hielandis, 
and  of  sum  special  personis  of  branches  of  the  saidis  Clannis. 

Highlands  and  Islands       ....         Fergussonis. 

Landit  Men       .         .         -         Fergussoun  .  .  .' 

(P.  a  Eeg.  iv.  p.  782.) 

Among  those  ordered  on  16th  December  1590  to  find  caution 
within  fifteen  days  under  pain  of  rebellion,  is  "Baron  Fergusoun 
in  £3000."— (P.  C.  Beg.  p.  803.) 

Sir  John  Murray  of  Tulliebardine  finds  caution  for  certain  men 
in  Athole,  including  Johne  Fergusoun  of  Darcloch,  alias  Barroun 
Fergussoun,  in  1000  merks  each,  that  they  will  find  caution  by  10th. 
December  next. — (P.  C.  lieg.  p.  813.) 

22nd  April  1592.  Caution  by  Sir  John  Murray  of  Tullibardine 
for  Sir  Thomas  Stewart  of  Garntullie  in  5000  merks,  and  for  .  .  . 
Johne  Fergusoun  of  Derculie  ...  all  in  500  merks  each, 
that  they  shall  not  reset  or  intercommune  with  Frances  some- 
time Earle  Bothuile,  or  his  accomplices,  or  his  or  their  resetters, 
and  that  they  shall  not  reset,  or  sufter  to  pass  through  their  lands, 
any  thieves,  sorners,  or  l)roken  men  of  the  Highlands,  or  reset 
within  their  bounds  such  goods  as  shall  be  stolen  by  such,  and  also 
that  they  shall  assist  the  king's  good  subjects  in  following  and 
rescue  of  goods  reft  or  stolen,  and  for  apprehending  the  malefactor 
according  to  the  general  band.  Perth,  22nd  April  1592. — 
{P.  C.  Reg.  iv.  p.  743.) 

\%th  June  1595. — David  Fergussoun  of  Muling,  principal,  and 
other  parties,  give  caution  '  not  to  harm  Sir  Patrick  Creichton  of 
Strathurd.'— (P.  C.  Reg.  v.  p.  654.) 

8//i  October  1595.  Registration  of  band  by  certain  Stewarts  for 
David  M'Duff  of  Fandowie,  and  David  Fergussone  of  Mouling, 
£1000,  each,  not  to  harm  certain  M'Duff"s.— (P.  C.  Beg.  v.  p.  665.) 

James  Fergussone  in  the  Hauch  of  Tullymet  accompanies  William 
Stewart  of  Kinnaird  in  an  attack  upon  the  bailie  of  Dunkeld. 
—(P.  C.  Reg.  V.  p.  282.) 

21  st  December  1598.  'Complaint  by  Williame  Blair  of  Bagillo, 
master  of  John  Pyet  in  Nether  Balmyll,  as  follows  : — Upon  27th 
March  last  Donald  Fergussoun  in  Pitnazair,  Fergus  Fergussoun  his 


brother  there,  Johne  M'Innes  in  the  Coill  of  Balduchane,  James 
Fergussoun  in  the  west  end  of  the  Haugh  of  Dalcheane,  Allaster 
Stewart,  son  of  AVilliame  Stewart  of  Behiakily,  and  James  Crokat 
younger,  came  at  night  to  the  dwelling-house  of  the  said  Pyct 
where  he  was  in  peacable  manner  taking  the  night's  rest,  "and 
violentlie  tuke  him  furth  of  his  house,  caryed  him  as  captive  and 
presouner  with  thame  a  grit  space,  of  purpois  to  have  transported 
him  to  the  Hielandis,  and  thair  to  have  detenit  him  in  miseric 
quhill  he  had  redemit  himselfF  be  a  grit  ransomn  :  quhilk  they  had 
not  faillit  to  have  done  had  he  not  promeist  to  thame  a  grit  soume 
of  money  for  his  libertie  ;  lyke  as  at  that  same  tyme  thay  violentlie 
reft  and  awaytuke  the  haill  insicht  plennesching  and  movabillis  of 
his  house,  and  boistit,  threatnit,  and  minassit  to  cutt  of  his  heid  with 
swordis."  The  complainer  appearing  personally,  all  the  accused 
for  not  appearing  are  to  1)6  denounced  rebels.' — (P.  C.  Beg.  v. 
p.  504.) 

1602.  'Complaint  by  Johne  Fergusoun  of  Dercullych  that 
Donnald  M'Eane  Dowy  V'Allaster  M'Eane  Alrich,  Duncan  Stewart 
of  Appin's  man,  with  his  accomplices,  came  to  the  pursuer's 
"  Month  "  of  Derculych  five  years  ago,  and  reft  four  mares  worth 
£20  each.  The  prisoner  appearing  by  Johne  SchaAv  his  procurator, 
Stewart,  for  neither  appearing  nor  having  entered,  his  said  man 
is  to  be  denounced  rebel.' — (P.  C.  Beg.  vi.  p.  463.) 

1602.  'Complaint  by  Johne  Fergusoun  of  Derneculych  as 
follows  : — Allan  M'Coneill  Duy,  chief  of  the  Clan  Chamroun, 
Allaster  M'Allaster  Camrone  of  Glenaves  Soirll  Moir  M'Coneill 
V'Allane  Camrone,  Malcolme  and  Donald  his  sons,  had  l^een 
ordained  by  a  decree  of  the  Council  and  Session  to  restore  to  the 
complainer  "  Sex  score  ten  ky  and  oxin  with  xxxv  ky  and  oxin  " 
stolen  by  them  from  him  and  his  tenants  furth  of  his  lands  of 
Derculych  and  Downikane,  within  the  bounds  of  Atholl,  with  divers 
horses,  mares,  and  plenishing,  extending  to  great  values  and 
quantities.  For  not  satisfying  the  said  decree  they  had  been  put 
to  the  horn,  at  which  they  still  remain.  Pursuer  had  complained 
to  his  Highness  at  the  last  Convention  held  at  Perth,  and  the 
complaint  had  been  then  remitted  to  Sir  Patrick  Murray  that  he 
might  "travell"  for  redress  with  the  Marquis  of  Huntley  as  the 
landlord  of  the  said  persons.  The  pursuer  and  the  Marquis 
appearing,  the  Lords  find  that  the  Marquis  should  enter  the  said 
rebels  and  assign  him  3rd  May  next  for  that  purpose.' — (P.  C.  Beg. 
vi.  p.  495.) 



1602.  Complaint  against  the  servants  of  David  Fergusoun, 
baron  of  Mnling,  and  others,  for  attacking  with  bows  and  arrows 
the  late  AVilliam  Dow  in  Auchtergaven,  Muling.  Lawers,  and 
Tiillibardine,  not  having  entered  their  servants  decerned  to  satisfy 
pursuer  for  the  said  skaith,  extending  to  1000  merks. — {P.  C.  Beg. 
vi.  414-415.) 

1602.  Further  process  at  instance  of  Sir  Johne  Murray  of 
Tullibardine.— (P.  C.  Beg.  vi.  p.  465.) 

1602.  'The  baron  of  Muling  having  neglected  the  charge  to 
appear  this  day  and  present  Johnne  Bell  in  Muling,  his  tenant,'  to 
answer  a  complaint,  is  to  be  denounced  rebel. — (P.  C.  Beg.  vi. 
p.  486.) 

Further  reference. — (P.  C.  Beg.  vi.  p.  744.) 

Jidg  3rd,  1602.  There  sat  upon  an  assize  'Johne  Farguisone 
callit  Barronne  Farguesoune,  Johne  Farguesone  in  Cluny,  and 
David  Barroune  in  Fandowie.'  Of  the  last  it  is  observed  in  a  note, 
'  This  person's  name  affords  an  instance  of  the  difficulty  and  un- 
certainty of  genealogical  inquiries,  and  the  immense  research 
necessary  for  tracing  family  pedigrees,  especially  in  the  north  of 
Scotland.  He  is  hei^e  described  as  "David  Barroun  in  Fandowie." 
AVhen  chosen  Chancellor  of  the  Assize  he  is  designed  "  David 
Farguison,  Barroun  of  Fandowie,"  and  he  subscribes  the  verdict  of 
the  assize  "Dauid  M'Duf  of  Fandowy." — (Pitcairn's  Crim.  Trials, 
ii.  p.  394.) 

John  M'Duff  alias  Barroun  was  condemned,  with  tAvo  others,  to 
death  for  the  Cowrie  conspiracy. — (Ibid.  ii.  pp.  153-155.)  And  on 
22nd  August  1600  there  were  executed  in  Perth  three  of  my  Lord 
Cowrie's  servants — '  ane  callit  Barroun.' — (Pitcairn's  Crim.  Trials, 
ii.  p.  246.) 

1605.  Caution  given  among  others  for  Thomas  Fergusoun  in 
Wester  Balmacruchie,  ...  'to  buy  from  Johne  Earl  of  Atholl 
and  Sir  Robert  Crichtoun  of  Cluny  such  quantity  of  arms  as  it 
shall  be  found  they  ought  to  buy,  under  the  pain  of  £50  for  each 
stand.'— (P.  C.  Beg.  vii.  581.) 

3rd  JVov.  1606.  James  Fergussone  in  Inche  of  Logyrait  was 
among  armed  men — 'hieland  men  having  a  bagpipe  afoir  them,' — 
Avho,  on  3rd  Nov.  1606,  came  to  the  abbey  of  Couper,  forcibly 
broke  up  the  doors,  removed  the  Commendator  and  his  family, 

FERGUSSONS  IN  ATHOLE  59  ^     , 

iutromitted  with  his  whole  goods  therein,  '  streekit  thair  pleughis 
in  his  yairdis  and  orcheardis  within  the  precinct,'  and  continued  to 
hold  the  said  aljliey  as  a  house  of  war. — (P.  C.  Beg.  viii.  15.) 

On  June  27,  1607,  Thos.  Farguisoun  of  Bellewchane  sat  on  an 
assize. — (Pitcairn's  Crim.  Trials,  ii.  p.  528.) 

1G07.  Finla  Fergusoun  of  Baledmount,  complained  against  by 
Andrew  Lord  Stewart  of  Uchiltrie  as  remaining  unrelaxed  from 
a  horning  of  20th  June  last  for  not  paying  him  certain  sums  of 
money. — (P.  C.  Beg.  vii.  449.) 

llth  August  1607.  Thomas  Fergusoun  of  Belleyuikan  is  witness 
to  a  bond  subscribed  at  Dunkeld. — {P.  C.  Beg.  vii.  686.) 

14/A  August  1607. — 'George  Carny  of  Pitcastell  for  Johne 
Fergusoun,  called  Baron  Fergusone,  and  William  Fergusone  his 
eldest  son  and  apparent  heir  (fiar  of  Darcullych),  £1000  each  not 
to  harm  Patrick  Stirling,  Commendator  of  Coupar.' — (P.  C.  Beg. 
vii.  685.) 

1607.  'James  Nasmith  of  Invar  for  Johne  Fergusone  of  Dar- 
cullych, 2000  merks  not  to  harm  Duncane  Menzies  of  Comrie.' — 
(P.  C.  Beg.  vii.  682.) 

1st  March  1608.  John  Fergussoun  of  Darcullie  and  Thomas 
Fergussoun  of  Belliewchane  appear  on  an  assize  on  30th  Dec.  1607, 
referred  to  in  a  charter  of  the  Mains  of  Invex'may,  etc.,  granted  to 
Henry,  Commendator  of  Sanct-Colmes-Inche,  on  1st  March  1608. — 
{Beg.  Mag.  Sig.  v.  2044.) 

1610.  Johne  Fergusoun  in  the  Hauch  of  Dulsche,  and  Donald 
Ferguson  in  Petegrie,  and  Donald  Fergusoun  in  the  wood  of 
Edradour  appear,  the  former  as  unrelaxed  and  the  last  as  denounced 
rebel  in  1610.— (P.  C.  Beg.  viii.  pp.  429,  430.) 

llth  Jan.  1611.  'Sir  James  Stewart  of  Balliachin  as  principal, 
and  Johne  Stewart  of  Graniche  as  surety  for  him,  et  vice  versa, 
and  William  Fergusoun  of  Derculych  as  principal,  and  Thomas 
Ferguson  in  Belliyeacone  as  cautioner  for  him,  et  vice  versa,  1000 
merks  each,  not  to  reset  or  intercommune  with  James  Earl  of 
Athoill  while  unrelaxed  from  the  horning  against  him  for  escaping 
from  Walter  Lord  Blantyre,  to  whose  custody  he  had  been  com- 
mitted by  his  ]\Lajesty's  special  direction.     Among  the  witnesses  is 


William  Fergiisoun,  son  of  Thomas  Fergusoun  of  Belleyecone.'    At 
Edinburgh,  11th  January  1611.— (P.  C.  Reg.  ix.  668,  669.) 

\Uh  Sept.  1613.  The  folloAving  Fergussons  were  fined  for 
resetting  the  Clan  Gregor  : — Adam  Fergusson  in  Drumfernet,  100 
merkis ;  Allaster  Fergusson  in  Ballivnllane,  200  merkis ;  Donald 
Fergusson  in  Indendour,  £100  ;  Johne  Fergusson  of  the  Hauch, 
£50 ;  Thomas  Fergusson  of  Ballioyukan,  500  merkis ;  Adam  Fer- 
gusson of  Ballichandie,  300  merkis  ;  John  Fergusson  of  Inche,  50 
merkis. — {P.  C.  Ber/.  x.) 

1615.  Complaint  by  Donald  Neisch,  servitor  to  William  Earl 
of  Tullil)ardine,  that  Thomas  Fergusoun  of  Ballizocan  as  principal, 
Alexander  Robertson  of  Inchmagranoch,  William  Fergussoun  of 
Dercullych,  and  William  Fergusoun  of  Bellizulland,  as  cautioners, 
remain  unrelaxed  from  a  horning  of  1st  Decemlier  last  for  not 
paying  to  pursuer  500  merks  of  principal  and  £50  of  expenses. 
Order  to  Captain  of  the  Guard  to  apprehend  defenders,  seize  their 
houses,  and  inventory  their  goods  for  the  King's  use. — (P.  C.  Peg. 
X.  p.  38.3.) 

'list  Bee.  1615.  Similar  complaint  against  Thomas  Fergusoun 
of  Ballizoukane  and  William  Fergusoun  of  Derculich  by  Robert 
Kirkwood,  W.S.— (P.  C.  Beg.  x.  p.  431.) 

1618.  Fergusoun  of  Mulyn  and  others  to  find  caution  for 
keeping  the  peace  in  resjject  of  the  unhappy  slaughter  of  the 
Toshach  of  Monyvaixxl  by  young  Bruce  of  Cultmalindie. — (P.  C. 
Peg.  xi.  439.) 

On  July  26,  1620,  Johne  Fergusone  of  Belnacult  in  Straloche 
was  unlawecl  in  100  merks  for  not  entering  certain  persons  accused 
of  carrying  off  a  '  simple  puir  man '  to  the  castle  of  Blair,  where  he 
met  with  a  miserable  end. — (Pitcairn's  Crim.  Triak,  iii.  p.  491.) 

16//i  March  1620.  Confirmation  of  a  charter  (of  19  Nov.  1603), 
by  which  the  late  Andrew  Hering  of  Glasclune,  David  Hering, 
feuar  of  Glasclune,  his  son  and  apparent  heir,  and  Andrew  Hering 
of  Caleis,  second  son  of  the  said  Andrew  senior,  granted  in  feu  to 
Angus  Fargusone,  alias  M'Innes,  in  Eister-Butteris-Callie  '  quar- 
teriam  terrarum  (et  ville)  lie  Eister  Butteris-Calie  (intra  bondas 
specificatas)  cum  moris,  piscationil^us,  lie  girsinggis  et  schealingis 
(per  eum  occupat) '  vie.  Perth. — {Reg.  Mag.  Sig.  vi.  2157.) 


IQth  March  1620.  Angus  Fergusson  is  witness  to  a  similar 
charter  to  James  Eobertsone,  alias  Eeache. — {Reg.  Mar/.  Sig.  vi.  2158.) 

16th  March  1620.  The  same  parties,  by  charter  dated  at  Glaschme 
et  Calie  6th  and  9th  Nov.  1605,  granted  in  feu  to  'Eobert  Fergus- 
sone,  alias  M 'Junes,  in  "Wester  Dahialireck  (after^yards  in  Calie) 
'  solarem  tertiam  partem  terrarum  et  ville  de  Wester-Butteris-Calie 
per  currentem  rigam  cum  ejus  moris,  piscationiljus,  lie  girssingis  et 
schealingis  (per  Finlaum  Bell  occupatam)  v.  Perth. 

Among  the  witnesses  was  James  Fergussone  '  in  monte  de  Caleis.' 
— (Beg.  Mag.  Sig.  vi.  2156.) 

16th  March  1620.  The  same  parties  also  granted  to  John  Makain 
Vic'inlay  and  Jonete  Fergussone,  alias  M'Innes,  his  wife,  the  west 
third  part  of  the  lands  and  town  of  Wester  Butteris-Callie. — {Beg. 
Mag.  Sig.  vi.  2159.) 

March  1th,  1629.  Eobertus  Fergussoun  de  Dcrculyth  hacres  Joannis 
Fergussoun  in  Dunfallanty  fratris  quondam  Eoberti  Fergussoun  de 
Derculyth  ahavi,  in  terris  baronise  de  Douny  viz.  Over  Douny, 
Middill  Douny,  Bordland,  Edmarnohty,  Culcolany,  Stronymuk, 
Fanzeand,  Iinieredre  cum  molencUno,  Bynnanmoir,  Bynnanbeig, 
Eandeveyois,  Keranich,  Couthill,  et  Dalmonge,  cum  partibus  de 
Pitbrane,  Glengaifus  et  Glenbeig  eisdem  pertinentibus.  A.  E  £8 ; 
N.  E.  £?,-2.—{Betours,  Perth,  367.) 

Jan.  2ord,  1630.  Eobertus  Fergussoun  de  Derculiche  haeres 
Joannis  Fergussoun  de  Dunfallanding,  Baro  de  J) owny  fratris  ahavi. 
— Betonrs,  General,  1721.) 

Jan.  21st,  1632.  Fergusius  Fergusone  de  Belledmond  haeres  Fin- 
layi  Fergussoun  de  Belledmond  patris — in  40  solidatis  terrarum  de 
Balledmond,  cum  3  pendiculis  de  Glenbrerachan,  ex  orientali  parte 
de  Geirdaharvie,  nuncupatis  Solaris  rinrig  de  Tomquhewlan  :— aliis 
2  pendiculis  vocatis  orientalis  pars  de  Glen  vulgariter  appellatis  the 
east  end  of  the  Glen,  ac  lie  Schealingis  appellatis  Euichragan,  Bin- 
craig  Wreck  et  dimidietate  de  Badinturk :  26  solidatis  8  denariatis 
terrarum  de  West  end  de  Hauch  de  Dalschean  cum  silva  quercina 
salmonum  piscatione  et  pratis  lie  meddowis  omnibus  in  tenandria  de 
Logyrait.     E.  £13,  6s.  Sd.-{Befours,  Perth,  407.) 

August  11th,  1632.  Duncanus  Fergussoune  de  Mulling  haeres 
Jacobi  Fergussoune  de  Mulling  jyro-avi,  in  terris  et  baronia  de 
Mulling  in  baronia  de  Strathurd. — {Betours,  Perth,  413.) 


Oct.  7th,  1668.  Joannes  Fergusone  de  Drumfaliiidies /iaergs  Eoberti 
Fergussonc  de  Derculyt  ])atris,  in  terris  et  baronia  de  Dounie  viz. 
Ovir  Dounie,  Midle  Dounie,  Boirland  Edmarnochtie,  Cultoloney, 
Stronymuk,  Fanzeand,  Inneridrie  cum  molendino,  Bynnanmoir, 
Bynanbeg,  Randeneyock,  Kerauch,  Cuthill  et  Balmoig  cum  partibus 
de  Pitbrane,  Glengaisnet,  et  Glenbeg. — {Betours,  Perth,  782.) 

Dec.  8th,  1671.  Donaklus  Fergusone  in  Hauch  de  Dalshiane  pro- 
pinquior  agnatus  id  est  consanguineus  ex  pai'ti  patris  Alexandro 
Fergusone  ejus  filio. — (riKjuisitioms  de  Tutela,  970.) 

Jan.  26th,  1674.  Joannes  Fergusone  de  DrumfadlaAves  propinquior 
agnatus  id  est  consanguineus  exparte  patris  Jacolio  Fergusone  filio 
Roberti  Fergusone  fratris  dicti  Joannis  Fergusone  do  Drumfad- 
lawes. — {Inquisitiones  de  Tutela,  987.) 

1650.  Tlie  Rental!  of  the  County  of  Perth,  made  up  in  1650  in 
accordance  with  an  Act  of  the  Scottish  Estates  of  1649,  shows  that 
at  that  date  the  following  Fergussons  Avere  hmdowners  in  the 
county  : — 

Logierait — 

Robert  Fergusone  for  Wester  Dunfallandie  £163     6     8 

Donald  Fergusone  for  Middle  Haugh  of  Dalshian, 

and  Balnacrie  ...... 

James  Ferguson  for  his  half  of  Donavourd 
Janet  Fergusone  for  her  liferent  land  of  Dona- 

vaird       ........ 

Alexander  Fergusone  for  Ballizukan   . 

(Bellichandie  appears  as   the  property  of   John  Robertsone, 

valued  at  .£97.) 

Moulin — 

Robert  Fergusone  for  Pitfoiu'ie            .  .  .  £66  13  4 

Fergus  Fergusone  for  Balledmont        .  .  .  133  6  8 

Alexander  Fergusone  for  Bellizulein  .  .  .  90  0  0 

Blairgotvrie — 

Robert  Fergusone  appears  as  portioner  of  Butterstailes  and 
owner  of  a  quarter  of  Blackcraigs. 

Kirhnichael — 

Patrick  Fergusone  for  his  part  of  Balmacrochie        £24     0     0 
Janet  Ferguson  for  her  part  of  Balmacrochie       .        36     0     0 














The  Earl  of  Tullibardine  appears  as  owner  of  Mulzing  in  Eed- 
gorton  parish,  and  Robert  Fleming  as  owner  of  Moneis 
and  Dercullie,  valued  at  £445,  in  Dull  parish. 

1835.    In  the  Valuation  of  1835  the  following  Fergussons  appear 
as  landowners  in  Perthshire  : — 

Logierait — 

Heirs  of   General  Archibald   Ferguson,   Wester 

Dunfallandy, £19100 

Lieut.  James  Muir  Ferguson,  Middlehaugh  .        39  10     0 

Moulin — 

'Balledmund,'Pitfourie £65  14  4 

( M.  Pirie's  lands      .         .         .  50  12  0 

Balledmund  with  Athole's  feu  132  16  5 

James  Ferguson  -^  j^^.^^^^^  ^^  Pitlochry          .         .  53  16  8 

with  Ballechin's  feu    .         .  2  10     0 


Blairgoicrie — ■ 

Miss  Ferguson  appears  as  owner  of  Wester  Cally. 

Kirkmichael — 

Adam  Ferguson,  part  of  Easter  Balmacruchie      .  £34  0  0 

Adam  Ferguson,  Wester  Balintruin     .         .         .  24  0  0 
Charles   Ferguson,    three-fourths   Easter   Dalna- 

breck 37  17  6 

Alex.  Ferguson,  part  Easter  Balmacruchy             .  15  0  0 

Adam  Ferguson,  Wester  Balmaci'uchy         .         .  46  13  4 

The  following  short  extracts  are  from  a  MS.  collection  of  notes 
relating  to  the  name  Ferguson,  made  by  Alexander  Deuchar, 
genealogist,  Edinburgh,  and  now  in  the  possession  of  John  Fergu- 
son, Esq.,  The  Hermitage,  Duns  : — 

a.  From  the  Particular  Register  of  Sasines,  Perth — 

\%0i.  ol  March.    Eliz.    Syme   married    to    Fergus   Ferguson    of 
Easter  Butteris. 

1619.  12  Dec.        Finlay  Ferguson  of  Baledmun  married  to  Grizell 

Bruce,  daughter  of  William  Bruce  of  Pitcarnie. 

1620.  10  June.       John  Ferguson  in  Dulschyane. 


h.  From  the  Edinburgh  Commissariat  Testamentary  Records- 

1584.  21th  July. 

Finlay  Ferguson  of  Bally oukan=Isabel  Nairne. 
+  1582  I 

Beatrice.         Cath.         Christian.         Isabel.         Sibella. 


Section  II. 


Extracts  from  the  '  Titles  of  the  old  Estate  of  Bercidicli.'  i 

1514. — Charter  of  Resignation  by  John  Earl  of  Atholl,  in 
favour  of  Robert  Fergusson  and  Marjorie  Sinclar,  his  spouse, 
dated  8th  December  1514  : 

'  Omnes  et  singulas  Terras  de  est.Dercole  cum  pertinent.' 

1539. — Precept  of  Sasine,  John  Earl  of  Atholl,  in  favour 
of  William  Fergusson,  son  of  Robert  Fergusson,  dated  8th 
October  1539 : 

'  Omnes  et  singulas  terras  de  Darcollicht  cum  insulis  lacus 
ejusdem  cum  pertinen.  Necnon  omnes  et  singulas  terras  de 
Eddirdagwinocht  cum  superioritate  terrarum  de  Darcollyt 
cum  pertinent.' 

1620. — Instrument  of  Sasine  in  favour  of  Robert  Fergusson, 
dated  22nd  December  1620,  and  recorded  in  the  Particular 
Register  of  Sasines  for  Perthshire,  4th  February  1621,  pro- 

^  From  Appendix  to  the  Record  in  the  case  Stewart's  Trustees  r. 
Robertson. — Session  Papers,  1874,  No.  67. 




ceeding  upon  Precept  of  Clare  Constat  by  the  Earl  of  Atholl 
in  favour  of  tlie  said  Robert  Fergusson,  dated  llth  December 

'  Omnium  et  singularum  diet,  terrarum  de  Dercullyth  cum 
insula  et  lacu  eorundem  Molendinis  granorum  et  fullonum 
terris  Molendinariis  multuris  sequelis  sylvis  nemoribus  et  suis 
pertinent.  Necnon  omnium  et  singularum  diet,  terrarum  de 
Eddragwynyt  cum  pertinen.  ut  supra  jacent.' 

1637. — Feu-Charter  by  Robert  Fergusson  of  Derculich  in 
favour  of  Adam  Reid  of  Eastertyre,  and  Cristine  Stewart,  his 
spouse,  dated  18th  June  1637. 

From  titles  of  defender  James  Stewart  Robertson  : 
'  Totas  et  Integras  Terras  meas  de  Lurgan  Balnalt  et 
Schennwell  extendn.  ad  sex  decem  solid,  et  octo  denariat. 
terrarum  ex  antiqui  extentus  cum  tiguriis  lie  schellingis 
hujusmodi  nuncupat.  lie  Rychois  et  Rinolatterich  omnibus- 
que  aliis  tiguriis  ac  lie  schellingis  ad  hujusmodi  sj)ectan.  ac 
cum  communitate  lie  of  fewall  feall  and  divot  ac  communi 
pastura  in  omnibus  bondis  solitis  et  consuetis  ac  cum  domibus 
edificiis  hortis  hortisque  pomariis  editicatis  et  edificandis 
singulisque  aliis  suis  partibus  pendiculis  et  pertinentiis  ad 
prtedictas  terras  spectan.  et  pertinen.  cum  piscationibus  tam 
salmonum  quam  aliorum  piscium  in  aqua  de  Taya  prout  dicte 
terre  sex  bondantur  et  limitantur  juxta  dictam  aquam  orien- 
taliter  occidentaliter  ac  cum  silvis  tam  quercinis  quam  aliis 
silvis  crescen.  et  cretura  infra  bondas  omnium  prsefatarum 
terrarum  jacen.  in  Comitatu  Atholiiie  et  infra  vicecomitatum 
de  Perth  illud  lie  schelling  nuncupat.  riesparding  mihi  dicto 
Roberto  Fergussone  heredibus  meis  masculis  pro  pastura 
animalium  Manerie  de  Dunfallandie  tantummodo  salvis 
exceptis  et  reservatis.' 

Instrument  of  Sasine  in  favour  of  Francis  Reid,  eldest  son 
and  heir-apparent  of  Adam  Reid  of  Eastertyre,  dated  9th 
August,  and  recorded  in  the  Particular  Register  of  Sasines  at 
Perth,  6th  September  1637,  proceeding  upon  Feu-Charter 
by  Robert  Ferguson  in  his  favour,  dated  18th  July  1637. 
From  titles  of  defender,  Mrs.  Helen  Stewart  Hepburn : 
'  De  et  super  Totis  et  Integris  Terris  de  Douchrocene  ex- 


tend,  ad  octo  solidat.  et  octo  deniariat  Terrarum  ex  antiqiii 
extentus  cum  Tiguriis  lie  sheillingis  ad  li'mo'j  spectan.  (Cum 
com'unitate  lie  of  fewall  feall)  nuncupat.  lie  Cragandorie 
omnibus  aliis  Tiguriis  lie  sheillingis  ad  h'mo  j  spectan.  cum 
com'unitate  lie  of  fewall  feall  and  deviot,  cum  com'uni  pastura 
in  omnibus  bondis  solitis  et  consuetis  ac  domibus  editiciis 
hortis  pomariis  edificatis  et  edificandis  singulisq.  aliis  suis 
partibus  pendiculis  et  p'tinen  ad  pnedictas  Terras  spectan.  et 
p'tinen.  cum  dimidietate  piscationu  super  lacu  de  Dertullyt 
ac  cum  silvis  tam  quercuus  quam  aliis  silvis  crescen.  et  cretura 
infra  bondas  omniu  prcefataru  terrarum  jacen.  in  comitatu 
Atholie  infra  vicecomitatu  de  Perth  illud  lie  sheilling  nun- 
cupat riesparding  dicto  Roberto  Fergusone  heredibus  suis 
masculis  pro  pastura  animaliii  manerie  de  Dunfallaney 
tantumodo  salvis  exceptis  et  reservatis. 

1667. — Instrument  of  Sasine  in  favour  of  John  Fergusson, 
son  of  the  said  Robert  Fergusson,  dated  19th,  and  recorded 
in  the  said  Particular  Register,  26th  April  1667,  proceeding 
upon  a  recept  of  Clare  Constat  in  favour  of  the  said  John 
Fergusson  by  John  Earl  of  Atholl,  dated  6th  April  1665 : 

'  Omnium  et  singularum  dictarum  terrarum  de  Derculich 
cum  insula  et  lacu  ejusdem  molendinis  granorum  et  fuUonum 
terris  Molendinariis  multuris  sequelis  silvis  nemoribus  et  suis 
pertinen,  Necnon  omnium  et  singularum  diet,  terrarum  de 
Edderaginnich  cum  pertinen.  ut  supra  jacen.' 

On  3rd  January  1688  the  Marquis  of  Atholl  granted  an 
Instrument  of  Sasine  proceeding  upon  a  charter  of  apprising, 
in  favour  of  Thomas  Fleming  of  Moness  of  '  All  and  haill  the 
lands  of  Derculich  .  .  .  lying  within  the  parochin  of  Dull 
and  Sheriffdom  of  Perth.' 

Excerpt  from  Report  of  the  Sub-Commissioners  for  the 
Valuation  of  the  Teinds  of  the  Presbytery  of  Dunkeld,  given 
in  by  them  at  Edinburgh,  29th  July  1635 : 

'Pa.  Logyraitt — 

'  Ffindis  the  landis  of  Wester  Dercullyt  pertening  to  Robert 
ffergussone  is  worth  and  may  pay  of  zeirlie  rent  of  stok  and 
teind  of  silver  deutie  .  .  .  vij^^.  libs. 


'  And  payis  to  the  titular  of  the  teindis  of  silver  zeirlie  xxv. 
libs.,  and  to  the  minister  for  the  viccarage  teindis  v.  libs.' 


The  following  is  a  memorandum  compiled  from  the  papers 
in  the  Dunfallandy  charter-chest,  compared  with  other  Dun- 
fallandy  papers  in  the  possession  of  Charles  Gibson,  Esq., 
Craigdhu,  Pitlochrie  : — 

1612,  April  13th. — Sasine  granted  in  favour  of  William 
Fergussone  of  DercuUich  of  the  '  quattuor  libratas  terrarum 
de  Wester  Dunfallandie,'  '  dimidietatem  de  Easter  Dun- 
fallandie  extend,  ad  viginti  solidat  terrarum.'  '  Sex  libratas 
terrarum  de  Dalshian,'  containing  (?)  '  quadraginta  soli- 
datas  terrarum  of  the  Haugh  of  Dalshian,'  etc.  This  Sasine 
is  backed  '  William  Fergusson  of  Derculich,  of  the  Ten-pound 
Land  of  Dunfallandy,  and  Six-pound  Land  of  Dalshian.' 

The  Bailie  who  granted  Sasine  was  Adam  Ferguson  in 
Easter  Dunfallandie,  and  among  the  witnesses  to  the  recited 
Prece23t  of  Sasine,  is  '  Wmo  Fergussone,  filio  diet.  Willielmi 
Fergussone  de  Bellazecone.' 

1620. — Glare  Constat  by  Marquis  of  TuUibardine  in  favour 
of  Eobert  Fergusson  of  Derculich  of  the  five-pound  land  of 
Dunfallandy  and  six-pound  land  of  Dalshian,  as  nearest 
lawful  heir  of  his  father,  William  Fergusson  of  Derculich. 

1648. — Charter  by  Robert  Fergusson  of  Wester  Dunfallandy 
in  favour  of  John  Fergusson  (inemn  Jiliimi)  his  lawful  son, 

1671,  3rd  May. — Contract  of  Alienation  between  said 
John  Fergusson  and  Robert  Fergusson,  his  half-brother,  and 
Margaret  Reid,  his  spouse.     (Sasine  following.) 

1674,  23rd  November. — Charter  by  Marquis  of  Atholl  in 
favour  of  John  Fergusson  of  Dunfallandy. 

1685,  13th  April. — Precept  of  Sasine  granted  by  John 
Fergusson  in  favour  of  James  Fergusson,  his  nephew,  son  of 
his  half-brother,  Robert  Fergusson.  John  Fergusson  held 
the  superiority  of  the  Mains  of  Dunfallandy,  in  which  James' 
father  had  been  infeft,  and  James  made  up  his  title  by  the 
sasine  following  on  this  precept. 


1685,  3rd  June. — Instrument  of  Sasine  following  thereon, 
dated  18th  April,  and  recorded  3rd  June  1685. 

1705,  29th  December. — Precept  of  Clare  Constat  by  Duke 
of  Atholl  in  favour  of  James  Fergusson  as  heir  of  his  father, 
John  Fergusson. 

Instrument  of  Sasine  following,  dated  18th  January,  and 
recorded  P.  R.  Perthshire,  8th  February  1706. 

1722,  30th  April. — Disposition  and  Assignation  of  Thirlage 
granted  by  John  Reid  of  Pitnacree  in  favour  of  James 
Fergusson  of  Wester  Dunfallandies. 

1723,  7th  October. — Agreement  between  Duke  of  Atholl 
and  James  Fergusson  anent  personal  services  on  payment  of 
£28,  6s.  8d.  Scots.  He  was  freed  and  relieved  from  hunting, 
watching  and  warding,  and  from  all  services  in  securing  the 
peace  of  the  Highlands. 

1744,  20th  October.— Precept  of  Clare  Constat  by  Duke  of 
Atholl  in  favour  of  James  Fergusson  as  heir  of  his  father, 
James  Fergusson. 

1751. — Marriage  Contract  between  James  Fergusson  of 
Dunfallandy  and  Elizabeth  Butter  of  Pitlochry. 

1777,  26th  November. — Precept  of  Clare  Constat  by  Charles 
Robertson  in  favour  of  Archibald  Fergusson,  dated  24th  and 
26th  November  1777,  as  heir  of  his  father,  James  Fergusson. 
(Charles  Robertson  was  Commissioner  for  the  Duke.) 

1777,  15th  February. — Trust-Disposition  by  Archibald 
Fergusson  in  favour  of  Henry  Butter  of  Pitlochry,  Henry 
Balneaves  of  Edradour,  Adam  Fergusson,  Minister  of  Moulin, 
and  Ednmnd  Fergusson  of  Baledmund. 

1816,  27th  March. — Disposition  granted  by  said  Edmund 
Fergusson  in  favour  of  Major- General  Fergusson. 

1816,  24th  October. — Disposition  by  Duke  of  Atholl  in 
favour  of  said  General  Archibald  Fergusson. 

1820, 19th  September. — Charter  of  Confirmation  by  General 
Fergusson  in  favour  of  himself 

1820,  19th  September. — Procuratory  of  Resignation  by 
General  Fergusson. 


1827. — Deed  of  Entail  by  General  Fergusson,  by  which  he 
settled  the  estate  on  Archibald  Fergusson,  his  grandson,  the 
son  of  his  son,  William  Fergusson. 

General  Fergusson  was  succeeded  by  his  grandson. 

On  24th  January  1739  a  contract  was  entered  into  between 
Thomas  Bisset,  Commissar  of  Dunkeld,  and  John  Butter, 
portioner  of  Easter  Dunfallandies,  on  the  other  part,  by 
which  Bisset  undertook  to  obtain  from  '  Charles  Black,  baker 
in  Queensferry,  as  heir,  served  and  retoured  to  the  deceast 
James  Fergusson  in  Easter  Dunfallandies,'  a  disposition  of 
'  the  said  James,  his  wadset  right  from  the  late  Baron 
Fergusson,  of  the  said  Baron's  half  of  Easter  Dunfallandies,' 
with  the  burden  always  of  Elspet  C^ameron,  relict  of  the 
said  James,  her  liferent  use  of  the  half  of  the  said  wadset 

On  8th  December  1677  a  contract  was  entered  into  between 
Alexander  Reid  of  Pitnacrie  and  Fergus  Fergusson,  portioner 
of  Easter  Dunfallandies. 

It  would  thus  appear  that  the  lands  of  Dunfallandy  had 
been  divided  between  two  branches  of  the  family,  and  that 
there  had  been  a  subdivision  of  Easter  Dunfallandy.  The 
estate  was  again  reunited.  When  Archibald  Fergusson  suc- 
ceeded in  1777  the  family  fortunes  were  at  a  low  ebb,  and 
they  were  restored  by  his  exertions.  The  following  extracts 
from  a  letter  addressed  to  his  mother  by  the  chief  when 
serving  as  a  young  lieutenant  in  the  '  3rd  Battalion  Sepoys, 
Bengal  establishment,'  are  interesting.  It  was  written  from 
Jallasore  on  3rd  October  1780  : — 

'  He  (Mr.  Butter)  and  the  rest  of  my  dear  friends  in  Athol 
will,  I  make  no  doubt,  take  as  good  care  of  my  affairs  in  that 
country  as  possible  till  I  can,  if  it  pleases  God,  return  with  a 
fortune  to  retrieve,  if  possible,  the  old  remams  of  Dunfallandy 
and  more.  At  present  my  prospects  are  a  little  distant, 
HoAvever,  I  expect  if  I  have  health  in  this  baneful  climate,  to 
see  my  native  country  with  a  fortune  at  least  sufficient  to 
buy  off  what  debts  I  and  my  family  owe  in  Scotland.  I 
have,  thank  God,  as  yet  enjoyed  a  very  good  state  of  health. 
...  I  am  mostly  sent  on  commands  at  a  very  great  distance 


from  the  Presidency,  and  often  in  an  enemy's  country,  where 
I  can  have  no  conveyance  for  letters  to  Calcutta.  .  .  .  You 
will  undoubtedly,  before  this  can  reach  you,  have  heard  of 
the  present  war  in  the  Carnatic.  Hider  Ally,  a  very  power- 
ful Prince,  has  taken  the  field  some  time  gone  with  a  very 
large  army.  He  is  likewise  assisted  by  the  French.  I  am 
afraid  that  he  will  turn  out  a  very  formidable  enemy  to  my 
Honble.  Masters.  He  has,  since  he  took  the  field,  met  Avith 
some  success.  A  detachment  of  700  Europeans,  a  company 
of  Cadets,  and  6000  Sepoys,  or  country  troops,  that  was  sent 
out  against  30,000  of  his  army,  that  was  within  15  miles  of 
Fort  St.  George,  were  surprised  and  cut  to  pieces.  For 
further  particulars  I  must  refer  you  to  the  public  newspapers. 
General  Sir  Ayre  Coot,  Commander-in-chief  of  India,  leaves 
Calcutta  in  a  few  weeks  with  a  detachment  of  1000  Europeans, 
3  companies  of  Artillery,  and  8000  Sepoys  for  the  assistance 
of  the  Madras  troops  against  Hider  Ally.  And  I  hope,  w^ith 
this  assistance,  that  they  will  soon  extirpate  him  and  his 
Avhole  race  out  of  the  Carnatic.  We  are  very  quiet  in  Bengal 
since  the  commencement  of  the  present  war  in  Europe,  but 
we  Avill,  I  daresay,  have  our  own  share  before  all  is  over.  .  .  . 
I  am  truly  happy  that  my  brother  Harry  is  well,  and  an 
officer.  I  hope,  before  the  end  of  the  war,  that  he  will  be 
a  Lieutenant  at  least.  .  .  .  Jane  writes  me  that  my  brother 
Tom  is  still  at  Mouline  School.  I  hope  he  is  by  this  time 
far  advanced  in  his  education.  I  need  not,  my  dear  mother, 
tell  you  how  necessary  it  is  to  keep  him  close  to  his  education. 
I  do  assure  you  that  I  regret  very  much  the  many  idle  days 
I  have  spent  at  the  different  schools  I  was  at,  and  beg  of  you 
to  keep  him  as  close  as  possible  at  Moulin  School  till  he  can 
be  sent  to  some  other.' 

The  following  letter,  addressed  to  the  young  Laird  of  Dun- 
fallandy  when  just  beginning  his  career,  from  his  guardian, 
Mr.  Butter,  is  also  interesting : — 

'CoRPARK,  Feb.  10,  1777. 

'Dear  Archy, — Your  favour  of  the  12th  Deer.  I  received, 
and  would  have  wrote  you  sooner  but  expected  some  par- 
ticular Recommendations  for  you,  which,  after  waiting  for 
these  some  weeks  past,  has  not  come  to  hand.     You  may 


believe  that  any  Recommendations  I  can  procure  for  you  will 
be  forwarded  to  you  at  Bombay  with  the  first  opportunity. 
I  am  in  expectation  that  Professor  Fergusson  has  made 
interest  with  some  of  the  East  India  Directors  in  your 
favours ;  and  I  hope  that  our  worthy  friend,  Mr.  M'Pherson, 
who  has  been  so  friendly  and  obliging,  Avill  give  you  the 
most  effectual  recommendations  for  your  interest.  I  esteem 
myself  under  particular  obligations  to  him  on  your  account, 
and  your  grateful  thanks  ought  to  be  paid  him  in  the  best 
manner  you  can  express  yourself,  and  when  you  can  do  it 
more  efl'ectually  it's  your  duty,  which  I  hope  you  will  be 
always  mindful  of.  Whatever  directions  and  advices  he  is 
pleased  to  give  you  I  trust  that  you  will  follow  and  endeavour 
to  perform.  I  very  much  approve  of  your  attending  the 
academy  during  your  short  stay  in  England,  and  hope  that 
you  will  feel  the  good  effects  of  it,  as  you  had  great  occasion 
to  know  something  of  the  several  Branches  taught  there. 
It  would  have  been  lucky  had  you  been  at  the  academy  a 
year  sooner.  But  you  know  the  encumbered  state  of  your 
affairs  prevented  it.  I  beged  of  Mr.  M'Pherson  to  take  the 
trouble  of  ordering  whatever  was  proper  for  your  Equipment. 
Eighty  pounds  has  been  advanced  to  his  order,  and  what- 
ever more  will  be  necessary  I  shall  advance  it  in  the  same 
manner,  as  it  is  requisite  to  fit  you  out  Properly  for  your 
Destination,  whatever  the  expense  may  be.  I  hope  it's  the 
last  that  you  will  burden  the  small  embarassed  Estate  left 
you,  and  I  flatter  my  self  with  the  expectation  that  in  time 
you  will,  under  the  Blessing  of  Providence,  be  able  to  clear 
the  Incumbrances  affecting  it,  and  acquire  a  fortune  equal  to 
the  support  of  yourself  and  the  helpless  family  of  Brothers 
and  Sisters  you  leave  behind.  You  may  be  assured  that  every 
proper  attention  will  be  given  by  me  and  the  other  Trustees 
in  the  management  of  your  affairs  in  Scotland  in  order  to 
preserve,  if  possible,  your  Paternal  Inheritance  in  the  view 
of  your  return  with  honour  to  your  self  and  your  friends. 
The  Trust  Deed  you  will  Sign  as  directed  by  Mr.  MacDonald, 
and  send  it  under  Cover  to  him  when  you  have  signed  it. 
Your  Success  in  the  Avay  of  life  you  are  now  destined  for  will 
very  much  depend  on  your  own  beliaviour.     I  know  many 


who  have  gone  in  your  line,  and  with  as  little  Recommenda- 
tions, that  have  come  home  with  genteel  fortunes.  It  will 
now  take  a  longer  time  than  formerly,  and  therefore  you 
must  not  repine  at  the  several  slow  steps  you  may  perhaps 
go  through.  Do  every  thing  that  you  ought  to  do  with  the 
spirit  of  a  gentleman  resolved  to  Recommend  himself  by  his 
merit,  and  be  always  ready,  active  spirited,  and  observing, 
and  endeavour  by  every  means  in  your  power  to  Recommend 
yourself  to  the  notice  and  Countenance  of  the  Leading- 
Persons  in  the  appointment  you  go  to.  The  warm  climate 
in  India  will  be  apt  to  make  you  lazy  and  slothfull.  Be 
particularly  on  your  guard  against  that  fault,  and  be  always 
active,  well  mannered  and  complaisant,  and  never  say  a  low 
thing,  nor  do  a  dirty  action,  and  endeavour  to  avoide  every 
vice.  You  are  to  remember  that  a  cowardly,  dirty,  low 
action  will  make  you  despised,  and  you  can  never  recover 
the  Infamy  of  it.  The  Difterent  methods  of  making  money 
you  will  learn  of  course  from  the  Management  of  others  in 
the  like  Situations,  and  you  ought  to  keep  yourself  within 
the  line  that  is  called  Lawfull  in  that  Country. 

'  It  will  give  me  pleasure  to  hear  from  you  every  oppor- 
tunity from  India,  and  write  me  when  you  are  leaving 
England.  I  do  not  grudge  to  pay  Postages.  May  God  bless 
you  and  give  you  health  and  success.  You  have  my  best 
wishes,  and  if  you  behave  properly  you  will  always  meet  with 
due  regard  from  me  and  your  friends  here ;  and  be  assured 
it  will  always  make  me  happy  to  hear  good  accounts  of  you, 
as  I  am.  Dear  Archy,  your  affect^''-  uncle, 

'  Henry  Butter.' 

The  following  order  shows  the  young  subaltern  of  1780, 

thirty-two  years  later,  in  command  of  a  battalion  in  a  high 

state  of  efficiency : — 

'  Allahabad,  Sepl.  8. 

'  His  Excellency  the  Commander  in  Chief  arrived  here  at 
two  P.M.  on  the  2nd  current,  and  on  the  following  morning 
Reviewed  the  2nd  Battalion  of  the  7th  Regiment,  Com- 
manded by  Colonel  Archibald  Fergusson.  After  the  Review 
His  Excellency  was  pleased  to  express  his  approbation  of  this 
excellent  Corps  in  the  following  terms : — 



'  "  Head  Quarters,  Allahabad,  3rd  Septr.  1812. 

' "  The  appearance  and  performance  of  the  2nd  BattaHon 
7  th  Regiment  Native  Infantry,  under  the  Command  of 
Colonel  Fergusson,  at  the  Review  this  morning  far  exceeded 
even  the  high  expectations  which  its  established  character  for 
excellence  of  discipline  had  led  the  Commander  in  Chief  to 

' "  The  state  of  the  arms  and  accoutrements,  the  dress  and 
appearance  of  the  men,  individually  and  collectively,  were 
such  as  to  denote  at  once  the  attention  that  is  habitually 
paid  to  those  essential  objects  in  this  valuable  Corps. 

' "  The  various  movements  were  executed  with  an  accuracy 
and  promptitude  that  could  only  be  produced  by  the  most 
correct  knowledge  and  constant  application  of  the  just  prin- 
ciples of  formation  and  movement,  joined  to  the  most  Avilling 
attention  in  Officers  and  men. 

' "  Although  the  whole  of  the  manoeuvres  and  the  firings 
were  executed  in  a  Style  which  deservedly  obtained  the 
unqualified  approbation  of  the  Commander  in  Chief,  His 
Excellency  could  not  but  remark  with  peculiar  commenda- 
tion the  uncommon  precision  and  order  with  which  the 
march  in  echellon  to  the  left,  the  formation  into  line  on  the 
march  and  subsequent  advance,  as  well  as  the  long  con- 
tinued advance  in  line  at  the  close  of  the  Review,  were 

' "  The  Commander  in  Chief  requests  Colonel  Fergusson  will 
convey  His  Excellency's  thanks  to  the  Officers  and  men  of 
the  Battalion  under  his  Command,  and  that  Colonel  will 
accept  them  himself  for  the  successful  example  he  has 
afforded,  that  the  zeal  and  assiduity  of  a  Commanding 
Officer,  intent  on  his  own  duty,  can  maintain  a  Corps,  how- 
ever variously  and  constantly  employed  on  detachments, 
guards,  and  escorts,  in  the  highest  order  and  efficiency. 

'  "  (Signed)        G.  H.  Fagan,  Adjt.-Gen." ' 



'  The  oldest  title-deed  in  the  Dimfallandy  Charter-chest  is 
a  Sasine  in  favour  of  William  Fergusson  of  Derculich,  of  the 
ten-pound  land  of  Dunfallandy  and  six-pound  land  of  Dalshian, 
dated  1612,  which  followed  upon  a  Precept  of  Clare  Constat  by 
the  Marquis  of  TuUibardine  in  his  favour,  and  it  would  appear 
from  this  that  long  before  that  date  the  lands  of  Dunfallandy 
had  been  in  the  possession  of  the  Fergussons.  Part  of  the 
estate,  known  as  Easter  Dunfallandy,  belonged  to  the 
Butters  of  Coilvouhn  until  1751,  at  which  time  Mr.  James 
Fergusson  of  Dunfallandy  married  Miss  Elizabeth  Butter  of 
Pitlochry.  The  eldest  son  of  this  marriage  was  Major- 
General  Archibald  Fergusson,  who  died  at  Dunfallandy  on 
29th  November  1834,  aged  79  years.' 

Extract  from  an  old  East  India  Paper. 
'Major-General  Arch.  Fergusson  (Bengal  Establishment). 
— This  officer  was  appointed  a  Cadet  on  the  Bengal  Establish- 
ment in  1776 ;  Ensign,  December  25,  1777  ;  Lieut.,  Septem- 
ber 5,  1778;  Capt.,"july  11,  1795;  Major,  July  31,  1799; 
Lieut.-CoL,  December  26,  1802 ;  Col.,  June  4,  1811  ;  Col.  4th 
N.  I.,  November  5,  1812 ;  and  Maj.-Gen.,  June  4,  1814.  He 
served  in  the  3rd  N.  I.  until  promoted  to  a  Company,  and 
fourteen  years  as  Adjut.  He  commanded  the  2nd  battalion 
7th  N.  I.  for  several  years  ;  and  from  1812  commanded  the 
18th  Regiment  and  Station  of  Barrackpoor,  which  he  left  in 
December  1814,  on  his  return  to  Great  Britain.  Few  Corps 
in  the  Bengal  Army  were  more  employed  on  field  service,  on 
frontier  duty,  and  in  command  of  different  posts  than  the 
above  during  the  periods  of  this  Officer's  command.  He  was 
promoted  to  the  rank  of  Lieut.-General  some  time  after  his 
return  home.  The  forehead  of  the  Raeburn  portrait  of 
General  Fergusson  hanging  on  Dunfallandy  walls  bears  the 
mark  of  the  scar,  the  result  of  a  sabre  wound  during  the 
taking  of  Seringapatam.  Baron  Fergusson  was  chief  of  his 
clan,  and  a  very  exemplary  man  in  every  sense  of  the  word. 
He  died  at  Dunfallandy  on  the  29th  November  1834,  aged  79 

^  Communicated  l)y  Hugh  Mitchell,  Esq.,  Solicitor,  Pitlochry. 


Captain  Henry  Fergusson  (a  younger  brother)  also  served 
in  the  Hon.  East  India  Company's  service. 

The  present  proprietrix  of  Dimfallandy  is  a  grand- daughter 
of  General  Fergusson. 

James  Fergusson  of  Dunfallandy,  who  married  Elizabeth 
Butter,  had  issue  four  sons  and  four  daughters : 

1.  Archibald,  General  Fergusson. 

2.  Henry,  died  unmarried. 

3.  Peter,        „  „ 

4.  Thomas,   „  „ 

Jane  m.  Neil  Robertson,  and  had  issue  three  sons  and  four 


Elizabeth  m.  Duncan  M'Diarmid  of  Kynachin.^ 
Major-General  Archibald  Fergusson  had,  with  other  issue, 

two  sons : 

1.  William   Dick    Fergusson,   who   married   Margaret, 

daughter  of  Charles  Gibson,  Esq.,  and  had  issue : 

1.  Archibald,  79th  Highlanders. 

2.  Margaret,  now  of  Dunfallandy. 

2.  James. 

The  following  marriages  with  daughters  of  the  house  of 
Dunfallandy  are  recorded  in  the  pedigree  of  the  Athole 
Robertsons : — 

Extract  from  Robertsons  Booh. 

'  Neil  Robertson  married  Jane,  daughter  of  Baron  Fergusson 
of  Dunfallandy,  chief  of  his  name,  by  his  wife  Elizabeth, 
daughter  of  Henry  Butter  of  Pitlochry  and  Fascally,  and  had 
issue  three  sons  and  four  daughters.  The  second  son,  Alex- 
ander, a  captain  in  the  33rd  Regiment,  married  Jane,  daughter 
of  Lieut.-General  Fergusson  of  Dunfallandy,  and  had  issue 
two  sons  and  three  daughters.' 

The  following  ballad,  entitled  '  Dunfallandy '  in  Mrs.  D. 
Ogilvie's  HigJiland  Mmstnisi/,  preserves  one  version  of  the 
legend  of '  the  Bloody  Stone.' 

It  differs  from  the  narrative  so  graphically  told  in 
Mr.  R.  Fergusson's  conununication,  which  we  give  later  on, 

^  Middlehaiiffli  jSIemo. 


in  describing  the  assassin  as  a  wronged  suitor,  and  in 
making  a  '  gentler  race '  subsequently  hold  the  '  lairdship  of 
the  mount,'  which  still  belongs  to  the  progeny  of  Baron  Fer- 
gusson.  '  The  story  of  Dunfallandy,  or  "  the  Bloody  Stone,"  ' 
says  the  Introduction  to  the  ballad,  'is  characteristic  as  a 
record  of  the  past.  Its  date  lies  so  far  back  that  the  former 
name  of  the  estate  has  passed  away,  and  the  peasants  of  the 
vicinity  are  unable  to  supply  any  failing  links  in  the  tradi- 
tion. .  .  .  The  modern  house  of  Dunfallandy  is  plain  and 
unadorned ;  it  crowns  a  green  terrace  above  the  river  Tum- 
mel,  and  looks  down  somewhat  contemptuously  upon  the 
low  haugh  on  the  level  of  the  stream,  where  in  former  days 
dwelt  the  Laird  of  "  Middlehaugh  "  whose  ruthless  style  of 
courtship  has  given  rise  to  the  ballad.' 


In  the  good  old  stirring  time 

Celt  and  Saxon  lived  at  feud. 
Oft  their  hands  in  foulest  crime 

By  that  variance  were  imbrued. 
Passions  then  were  falsely  large, 

Love  impulsive,  fierce  desire, 
Hate  bequeathed  in  dying  charge 

To  the  children  from  the  sire. 
Life  was  cheap  and  vengeance  stern, 

Death  familiar  presence  wore. 
Softer  was  the  Druid's  cairn 

Than  the  warrior's  heart  of  yore. 

Then  the  heather  and  the  broom 

Clothed  from  head  to  foot  the  strath 
Few  were  gardens  trim  in  bloom, 

Shaven  turf  or  gravelled  path  ; 
Poor  the  crops  along  the  haugh, 

Wild  the  pastures  on  the  hill. 
And  the  burn  knew  not  the  law 

Of  the  life-supporting  mill. 
Then  with  Autumn's  yellow  leaves 

Swept  the  creagh  through  the  glen, 
And  the  Saxon's  choicest  beeves 

Vanished  with  the  Highlandmen. 


Then  in  pride  of  silken  dress 

Walked  the  dames  of  high  degree, 
Those  of  homelier  comeliness 

Garbed  in  simple  housewifery. 
Maids  untochered,  maids  were  left, 

While  the  heiress  richly  dowered, 
Oft  was  from  her  parents  reft, 

And  by  outrage  overpowered. 
When  at  deadest  of  the  night. 

On  her  sleep  the  suitor  broke. 
Bore  her  off  in  friends'  despite, 

Forced  into  the  bridal  yoke. 

Yonder  house  that  glaring  white, 

Crowns  the  bank  of  mossy  green. 
Standing  like  a  beacon  bright 

Far  adown  the  valley  seen  ; 
Tame,  prosaic,  tho'  the  look 

Of  its  unromantic  pile, 
Yet  its  walls  are  as  a  book 

Where  I  read  of  blood  and  guile. 
Long  before  its  stones  were  placed. 

Long  before  our  grandsire's  sire. 
Yon  fair  hillock  was  disgraced 

By  a  murder  strange  and  dire. 

Vague  and  garbled  is  the  tale 

Shown  by  faint  tradition's  gleam, 
'.  How  an  heiress  ruled  the  vale 

From  that  mount  above  the  stream 
How  a  Laird  of  Tummelside, 

Dwelling  on  the  farther  shore, 
House  and  holm  aspiring  eyed 

With  an  envious  heart  and  sore. 
If  he  loved  the  maiden's  self, 

Story  hath  forgot  to  tell. 
But  he  loved  the  maiden's  pelf, 

Lands  and  rental  jmssing  well. 

Then  he  sought  a  neighbour  friend, 

Spake  him  fair  in  loving  guise, — 
'  Unto  me  assistance  lend, 

For  I  know  thee  good  and  wise  ! 
Muireal,  Queen  of  Tummelside, 

I  have  loved  with  love  intense. 
Win  that  maiden  for  my  bride, 

Eich  shall  be  thy  recompense  ! 


I  am  rude  of  speech  and  look, 

Thou  hast  clerkly  wit  at  will  ; 
Thou  art  sweet-voiced  as  a  brook, 

I  am  mute  as  yonder  hill.' 

Forth  went  Donald,  soft  of  tongue, 

To  the  lady  of  the  mount. 
And  his  suit  auspicious  sprung 

From  his  breast's  o'er-welling  fount. 
Words  of  love,  her  face  so  fair, 

Words  of  hope,  so  kind  her  tone, 
That  the  youth's  impassioned  prayer 

Wooed  her  for  himself  alone  ; 
Wooed  and  won  her,  all  forgot 

How  the  silent  suitor  waited, 
Till  was  tied  the  marriage-knot. 

And  his  ardent  passion  sated. 

One  forgot — the  pleasure-crowned. 

One  remembered — the  betrayed, 
Night  and  day  he  watched  the  mound, 

Hidden  in  a  bushy  glade  ; 
Crouching,  by  a  huge  grey  stone. 

Armed,  he  breathless  long  had  stood. 
When  the  bridegroom  passed  alone 

From  the  dwelling  to  the  wood. 
Proud  of  heart  and  step  he  came. 

Gloating  on  the  peaceful  scene. 
While  his  foe  took  deadly  aim 

From  the  covert's  rocky  screen. 

Did  the  widow  wail  and  shriek  ? 

Did  she  rouse  her  vassal  kern  ? 
Ah  !  too  oft  is  woman  weak. 

When  her  ire  should  fiercest  burn. 
Mayhap  'twas  a  wanton  heart. 

Mayhap  terror  crazed  her  mood, 
Mayhap  force  might  have  its  part 

On  her  helpless  womanhood. 
Ere  the  evening's  twilight  died, 

Ere  the  corpse  was  stiff  and  cold. 
Ere  the  murderer's  hand  was  dried. 

She  was  wedded  in  its  hold  ! 

Now  oppressor  and  oppressed 

Both  have  gone  to  their  account, 
And  a  race  of  gentler  breast 

Hold  the  lairdship  of  the  mount. 


Rooted  up  as  noxious  weeds 

Have  the  traces  passed  away, 
Nor  like  many  barbarous  deeds, 

Chant  they  this  in  barbarous  lay. 
Now  on  Tummelside  the  farm 

Thickly  has  its  produce  sown. 
You  may  sleep  and  fear  no  harm 

E'en  beside  '  the  Bloody  Stone.' 

So  it  is  with  human  deeds, 

Too  ephemeral  to  last, 
Bounteous  loves  and  lustful  greeds 

Intermingle  in  the  past. 
So  confused  the  records  stand 

Of  this  crime-traditioned  glen. 
When  the  Gael  had  Ishmael's  hand 

Raised  against  his  fellow-men  ; 
Nought  remaineth  but  the  name. 

Spectre-like  that  clings  to  thee. 
Handing  down  thy  gory  fame, 

Hill  of  blood,  Dunfallandy, 

From  the  good  old  stirring  time  ! 

The  stone  behind  which  the  assassin  kirked,  or  on  which  the 
victim  was  resting  when  struck  down,  is  still  shown  at  Dun- 
fallandy, and  there  are  existing  near  the  house  the  remains 
of  a  very  old  chapel,  which  appears  in  the  twelfth  century 
under  the  form  Dunfolantyn.  It  is  the  burying-place  of  the 
Fergussons  of  Dunfallandy. 

The  monument  there  erected  to  General  Fergusson  bears, 
the  family  crest  and  coat  of  arms,  and  has  this  inscription  : — 






WHO    DIED   AT   DUNFALLANDY   ON   THE   20tH   NOVEMBER    1834 

AGED   79   YEARS. 




Dunfallandy  appears  in  the  Legend  of  St.  Triduana,  recorded 
in  the  Aberdeen  Breviary,  which  narrates  that  Triduana  along 




with  two  other  virgins  led  a  heremitical  hfe  in  a  desert  place 
at  Rescoby  in  Forfarshire.  The  tyrant  Nectanevus,  prince  of 
that  neighbourhood,  pursued  her,  Avhereupon  she  fled  to 
Dunfallad  in  Athole.  There  his  ministers  coming  to  her 
and  telling  her  that  the  beauty  of  her  eyes  had  attracted  the 
prince,  she  plucked  them  out  and  gave  them  to  them.  Tri- 
duana  then  devoting  herself  to  prayer  and  fasting  in  Lestal- 
ryk  (Restalrig)  in  Laudonia,  passed  into  heaven. 


There  is  also  facing  the  monument  to  General  Fergusson  a 
very  fine  sculptured  stone ;  the  notice  of  which,  given  in 
Stuart's  Sculptured  Stones  of  Scotland,  is  as  follows  : — '  The 
Cross  at  Dunfallandy,  locally  called  "  The  Priests'  Stone,"  is 



erected  at  the  ruins  of  an  old  chapel  near  Killiecrankie.  It 
is  of  black  slate,  about  six  inches  in  thickness.  The  figures 
are  sculptured  in  relief,  except  the  tools  at  the  bottom,  which 
are  incised,  and  may  be  a  recent  addition,  although  there  are 
similar  figures  on  the  stone  at  Abernethy  which  have  no 
appearance  of  being  of  more  recent  date  than  the  other 
sculptures  on  the  stone.'  The  Dunfallandy  stone  shows  on 
one  side  a  beautiful  Celtic  cross,  with  many  figures  of 
animals,  angels,  etc.,  in  compartments  on  either  side.  On 
the  other  side  is  a  strange  device  of  serpents,  a  small  cross, 
two  throned  figures,  an  equestrian  figure,  the  crescent  sign, 
the  spectacle  sign,  etc.,  and  the  incised  tools. 

The  chapel  of  '  Dunfoluntyn '  was  one  of  the  five  chapels 
belonging  to  the  kirk  of  Logierait  (anciently  Logymached), 
which  was  one  of  the  eleven  kirks  pertaining  to  the  Abbey  of 

Over  the  porch  of  Dunfallandy  House  is  a  stone  with  the 
inscription  : — 


Archd.  Fergusson. 

The  present  house  was  built  by  the  General  in  1818  to 
take  the  place  of  the  old  House  of  Dunfallandy,  which  was 
thatched,  and  had  been  burnt  down. 

middlehau(;h  house 

Section  III 


yiemorandurii  compiled  from  papers  belonging  to  Mrs.  S.  R. 
Fergusson  (of  Middlehaugh). 

The  earliest  of  the  Middlehaugh  papers  is  a  disposition  in 
1628  by  Robert  Fergusson  of  Derculich,  with  consent  of 
Agnes  Dundas  his  spouse,  in  favour  of  Alexander  Stewart,  of 
the  lands  of  Balnacree  in  the  tenandry  of  Logierait,  and  of 
the  lands  commonly  called  Balnasams  (?)  of  Easter  Der- 
culich, Middill  and  Nether thairof 

On  10th  February  1641  Patrick  Fergussone  (dias  M'Adi, 
underwritten  (or  Dow  M'Clerie  ?),  portioner  of  Dalshian,  and 
hereditary  feuar  of  the  other  lands,  in  implement  of  his  part 
of  a  contract  of  marriage  between  Donald  Fergussone,  alias 
M'Adi,  his  eldest  son,  and  Cristina  Stewart,  daughter  of  John 
Stewart  of  Shierglas,  granted  a  precept  of  sasine  in  fee  of  the 


lands  of  Middill  Haugh  of  Dalshian,  and  of  the  half  merk 
land  of  Ballintaple  (?). 

In  1677  sasine  was  given  to  Alexander  Stewart  of  Urchle- 
beg,  and  Alexander  Stewart  in  Rochsoles,  of  the  lands  of 
Middlehaugh  of  Dalshian,  following  upon  a  contract  dated 
18th  April  1677,  by  which  Donald  Fergnsson,  portioner 
of  Middlehaugh  of  Dalshian,  with  consent  of  Alexander 
Fergussone,  his  son,  wadset  and  alienated  these  lands. 

In  1691  the  Duke  of  Atholl  ratified  and  confirmed  a 
disposition  of  these  lands  made  by  Donald  Fergusson,  por- 
tioner of  Dalshian,  and  Alexander  Fergusson,  his  son,  in 
favour  of  Mr.  George  Stewart,  formerly  in  Urquhilbeg  and 
now  in  Dalschian,  dated  29th  and  80th  March  1686. 

On  19th  January  1706  sasine  was  given  to  Isobell  Fergus- 
sone, spouse  of  Mr.  George  Stewart,  portioner  of  Dalshian,  in 
security  of  her  bond  of  provision,  of  the  lands  of  Middill 
Haugh  of  Dalshian,  Finlay  Fergussone  of  Pitfourie  being 
the  bailie  upon  the  occasion,  and  there  being  among  the 
witnesses  Finlay  Fergussone  in  Cull  of  Balyoukan,  and 
Finlay  Fergussone,  lawful  son  to  the  said  Finlay  Fergussone 
in  Cull  of  Balyzukan. 

On  7  th  November  1711  the  Duke  of  Atholl  granted  a 
charter  of  dare  constat  in  favour  of  James  Stewart,  portioner 
of  Dalshian,  as  son  and  heir  of  his  father  George  Stewart,  in 
the  lands  of  Middlehaugh  of  Dalshian  ;  one  of  the  witnesses 
being  James  Fergusson  of  Dunfallandie. 

On  17th  February  1719  sasine  was  given  of  these  lands  in 
favour  of  Finlay  Robertson  and  Isobel  Young,  his  spouse,  as 
creditors  under  a  heritable  bond. 

On  14th  March  1720  sasine  was  given,  in  terms  of  the 
Duke  of  AthoU's  precept  of  1711,  to  James  Stewart,  'James 
Fergussone  of  Dunfallandeis '  acting  as  Baillie,  and  Laurence 
Fergusone  in  Pitcastle  being  one  of  the  witnesses. 

On  the  same  day,  14th  March  1720,  sasine  was  given  to 
Robert  Fergussone  in  Croft -in-loan,  in  terms  of  a  disposition 
in  his  favour  by  James  Stewart  of  Middlehaugh,  of  the  same 


date,  of  '  All  and  liaill  the  Town  and  Lands  of  Middlehaiigh  of 
Dalshian,  being-  a  sixteen  shilling  eightpenny  land  of  old 
extent,  with  the  haill  outtields,  etc. ' ;  one  of  the  witnesses 
being  Finlay  Fergussone  in  Conll  of  Ballyoukan. 

It  does  not  appear  from  the  titles  whether  this  Robert 
Fergusson  was  the  representative  or  a  relative  of  Donald 
and  Alexander  Fergusson,  the  previous  proprietors  of  Middle- 
haugh  of  Dalshian. 

On  9th  January  1722  the  Duke  of  Atholl  as  superior 
ratified  and  confirmed  the  disposition  of  1720  by  Stewart  to 
Robert  Fergusson  of  'All  and  haill  the  town  and  lands  of 
Middlehaugh  of  Dalshian,  being  a  merk  land  of  old  extent, 
with  these  six  Ridges,  commonly  called  the  Ackers,  being  a 
fourtie  penny  land  extending  in  all  to  a  sixteen  shilling  eight- 
penny  land,  with  the  haill  outfields  thereto  belonging,  and 
with  the  shealing  of  Rieinluig  and  other  grassings,  shealings, 
houssis,  biggings,  yeardis,  mosses,  muirs,  meadows,  woods  as 
well  of  oak  as  of  other  woods  growing  or  to  grow  on  the  said 
lands,  fishings  as  well  of  salmond  as  of  other  fishes  upon  the 
water  of  Tummel,  and  with  the  teinds  both  great  and  small, 
and  haill  other  pertinents  within  the  parish  of  Logierait, 
regality  of  Atholl,  and  shire  of  Perth.' 

On  2nd  June  1729,  David  Master  of  Stormont,  titular  of 
the  teinds  of  Logierait,  disponed  to  Robert  Fergusson,  now 
heritable  proprietor  of  Middlehaugh,  the  teinds  of  his  lands. 

In  an  agreement  dated  21st  December  1734,  between 
Archibald  Butter  of  Pitlochrie  and  the  heritors  within  his 
miln  thirll,  there  appear  among  the  heritors,  Finlay  Fergus- 
son  of  Baledmund,  Finlay  and  Robert  Fergussons  of  Middle- 
haugh, and  James  Fergusson  of  Pitfourie. 

On  21st  November  1735,  there  was  registered  by  Alexander 
Fergusson,  Younger  of  Ballyoukan,  as  procurator  for  the 
Duke  of  Atholl,  Robert  Fergusson  of  Middlehaugh  and  others, 
an  agreement,  dated  at  Dunkeld  and  Killievoulin,  12th  and 
23rd  September  1727,  between  the  Duke  of  Atholl  and  other 
heritors,  including  Robert  Fergusson  of  Middlehaugh,  and 
Archibald  Butter  of  Pitlochrie,  proprietor  of  the  mill  thereof, 
'  to  which  the  ten  pound  Lands  of  Dalshian  is  restricted,'  as 


to  the  erection  of  a  new  mill  at  Killievoiilin.  Among  the 
witnesses  were  Finlay  Fergussone  of  Baled  mund,  and  Alex- 
ander FergTisson  of  Balyoiikan. 

On  17th  December  1753  the  Duke  of  Atholl  granted  a  pre- 
cept of  clave  constat  for  infefting  Finlay  Fergusson  of  Middle- 
hangh  as  heir  of  his  father,  Robert  Fergusson  of  Middlehaugh. 

On  30th  January  1755  sasine  was  given  to  the  said  Finlay 
Fergusson  in  terms  of  the  Duke  of  Atholl's  precept  of  1753, 
James  Fergusson  in  Middlehaugh  acting  as  Baillie ;  and  on 
the  same  day  sasine  was  given  in  favour  of  Elspet  M'Lagan, 
spouse  of  the  said  Finlay  Fergusson  (second  daughter  of 
William  M'Lagan  of  Donavourd),  in  security  of  the  provision 
for  her  in  their  marriage  contract,  dated  at  Donavourd,  I7th 
December  1753,  to  which  one  of  the  witnesses  was  James 
Fergusson  in  Middlehaugh,  who  now  acted  as  her  procurator, 
while  Finlay  Fergusson  was  represented  by  David  Fergusson 
in  Middlehaugh  as  his  Baillie. 

From  an  inventory  of  Middlehaugh  papers,  other  than  the 
above,  it  appears  from  their  contract  of  marriage,  dated  8th 
January  1748,  that  Janet  Fergusson,  second  daughter  of 
Robert  Fergusson  of  Middlehaugh,  married  John  Douglas  in 

The  father — James  Fergusson — of  the  late  Samuel  R. 
Fero-usson  of  Middlehaua^h,  after  returnino-  from  the  West 
Indies,  built  the  present  house  about  eighty  years  before  the 
property  was  sold  after  his  son's  death  in  1892.  He  married 
a  Miss  M'Diarmid  of  Kynachan,  whose  mother  was  a  sister 
of  General  Fergusson  of  Dunfallandy.  Mr.  Samuel  R. 
Ferffusson  married  Janet,  daughter  of  Hucrh  Watson  of 
Keillor,  whose  (Mrs.  Fergusson's)  great-grandmother  on  the 
father's  side,  Janet  Ferguson,  was  a  sister  of  Professor 
Adam  Ferguson,  and  daughter  of  the  minister  of  Logierait. 

The  tradition  of  the  Middlehaugh  family  does  not  record 
any  other  connection  between  their  family  and  that  of  Dun- 
fallandy, than  that  through  the  M'Diarmids,  which  would 
rather  point  to  the  earlier  and  later  Fergussons  of  Middle- 
haugh being  of  different  origin.^ 

^  But  see  the  Minister  of  Moulin's  MS. 



The  descent  of  the  estate  of  Middlehaugh,  from  the  fore- 
going papers  and  a  memorandum  evidently  jotted  from  them, 
appears  to  have  been  as  follows  : — In  1677  it  passed  from  the 
Fergusson  family  who  had  hitherto  possessed  it,  and  who 
were  probably  cadets  of  Dunfallandy,  to  Stewarts,  one  of 
whom,  however,  married  an  Isobel  Fergusson.  In  1720  it 
was  acquired  from  the  Stewarts  by  Robert  Ferguson,  In 
1753  Robert  was  succeeded  by  his  son  Finlay,  who  married 

S.   R.   FEKGU/OX 

Elspet  M'Lagan,  The  memomndum  contains  the  name  of 
an  Adam  Fergusson,  with  the  date  1763.  He  was  probably 
the  father  of  James  Fergusson  of  Middlehaugh  (1819),  who 
married  Elizabeth  M'Diarmid,  and  had  issue  two  sons  and 
two  daughters.  The  eldest  son,  James  Mure  Fergusson, 
captain  in  the  42nd  Highlanders,  died  unmarried,  and  was 
succeeded  by  his  brother,  Samuel  Robert  Fergusson,  who 


married  Janet  Watson,  and  died  in  1891,  leavingf  two  sons, 
Samuel  Mure  and  Hugh  Archibald,  and  three  daughters, 
Charlotte,  married  to  David  Davidson  (of  the  family  of  Muir- 
house),  Margaret  Rose,  and  Elizabeth  Amy. 

The  eldest  son,  Samuel  Mure  Fergusson,  married  a  daughter 
of  Francis  Offley  Cramp  of  Beckenham,  and  has  issue  two 
sons — 1.  Neil  Mure  ;  2.  Nigel  Hugh. 

In  connection  with  the  Dunfallandy  and  Baledmund 
pedigrees,  it  is  interesting  to  note  that  Mr.  Balneaves  of 
Edradour,  great-great-grandfather  to  Mrs.  Fergusson  of 
Middlehaugh,  had,  with  other  issue,  two  daughters,  one  of 
whom  married  Mr.  Fergusson  of  Baledmund,  their  daughter 
again  marrying  Mr.  Fergusson  of  Ballyoukan.  The  other 
married  Mr.  Butter  of  Pitlochry,  and  had  with  other  issue 
a  daughter,  Elizabeth,  who  married  James  Fergusson  of 
Dunfallandy.  Their  daughter  Catherine  married  Duncan 
M'Diarmid,  and  her  daughter  Elizabeth  married  James  Fer- 
gusson of  Middlehaugh. 

There  is  an  old  chapel  at  Dalshian,  mentioned  by  Pennant 
in  1772,  on  the  summit  of  a  little  hill  in  an  area  of  a  hundred 
and  sixty  feet  diameter,  called  St.  Catherine's  chapel,  now  a 
ruin.  On  the  accessible  side  of  the  hill  is  a  ditch  of  great 
y  depth.  This  place  seems  to  have  been  a  British  (or  Pictish) 
fort,  and  in  after  times  the  founder  of  this  chapel  might  prefer 
the  situation  on  account  of  the  security  it  might  afford  to 
the  devotees  in  a  barbarous  age.  (Logierait  Parish  Maga- 
zine.) Its  original  Gaelic  name  was  '  the  fort  of  the  night 
watchers.'  This  chapel  was  the  burying-place  of  the  Middle- 
haugh family,  and  was  retained,  with  about  three  acres  of 
wooded  knoll,  when  the  estate  was  sold. 


Section  IV 


CiCLt  I  o3 


Me'ni07xcnduin  on  the  Baledmund  Papers. 

The  Baledmund  charter-chest  contains  a  large  number  of 
papers  not  only  directly  connected  with  the  fortunes  of  the 
Baledmund  family,  but  also  throwing  light  on  the  histor}^  of 
other  Perthshire  Fergussons,  especially  those  of  Derculich 
and  Dunfallandy. 

The  earliest  paper  in  which  a  Fergusson  is  concerned 
appears  to  be  an  original  charter,  dated  2nd  October  1510, 
by  which  AVilliam  Scott  of  Balweary  disponed  to  John  Fer- 
guson of  Downy  his  lands  of  Glendowok,  in  warrandice  of  the 
lands  of  Downy,  which  are  described  as  including  '  Over 
Downy,  Middill  Downy  Bordland,  Edinarnochty,  Cultolony, 
Stronymuk,  Faynzeand,  Inneridrie  with  the  mill,  Bynnanmor, 
Bynnan-beg,  Randevoyoch,  Kerauch,  Cowthill,  and  Dalmonge, 
cum  jjartihus  de  Pitbrane  Glengaisnet  and  Glenbeg.'  [In 
1672  these  lands  of  Downy  appear  among  those  granted  to 
the  Duke  of  Athole  by  charter  ratified  in  Parliament,  and  as 


having  passed  '  upon  the  resignation  of  John  Fergusone  of 

The  next  is  one  in  Avhich,  in  the  time  of  King  James  v., 
Robert  Fergusson  of  DercuHch  asserts  his  right  to  resti- 
tution of  certain  documents.  It  is  in  the  form  of  Letters 
under  the  Signet  charging  one  James  Halkerston  to  deliver 
the  writs  in  question,  and  proceeds  upon  the  narrative  that 
Robert  Fergusoun  of  Derculy  was  air  and  successor  to 
umquhile  Robert  Fergusoun  of  Douny,  his  brother's  son ; 
that  his  said  brother's  son  had  in  keeping,  in  a  kist  in  the 
charterhouse  of  St.  Johnstoun  (Perth),  the  evidents  under- 
written, viz. : — 

A  charter  of  confirmation  under  the  great  seal  of  the  lands 
and  barony  of  Cluny  (Downie  ?)  made  to  William  Scot  of 
Balwery,  knicht  by  resignation  of  Robert  Cunningham  of 

A  charter  of  confirmation  of  John  Fergusoun  of  the  lands 
of  Downy  made  by  the  said  laird  of  Balwery. 

A  charter  of  our  most  noble  predecessor's  King  Robert  of  the 
lands  of  Cluny and  Kynnard  granted  to  Adam  Fergusoun. 

A  charter  of  confirmation  of  John  Fergusoun  of  the  lands 
of  Downy Glengtmot,  Pitbrane,  Kynnard. 

A  charter  of  the  barony  of  Douny  given  by  the  said  Laird 
of  Balwery  to  John  Fergusoun. 

A  charter  of  Robert  Fergusoun  of  the  lands  of  haugh  (?) 
of  Cluny, 

A  charter  of  John  Fergusoun  of  the  lands  of  the of 


A  charter  of  the  brae  of  Cluny  made  by Fergusoun. 

A  charter  of  John  Fergusoun  of  the  lands  of  Culterlony. 

A  charter  of  our  most  noble  predecessor  King  John  to 
Adam  Fergusoun  of  the  lands  of  Cluny. 

A  precept  of  sasine  of  the  barony  of  Douny  given  by  the 
said  Laird  of  Balweary  to  John  Fergusoun. 

An  instrument  of  sasine  of  the  lands  of  Douny  of  John 

An  instrument  of  resignation  of  Douny  made  by  the  pro- 
curators of  Polmaise  to  Balwery. 

An  instrument  of  sasine  of . 


An  instrument  of  the  lands  of  Downy  to  William  Scot  of 

A  precept  of  of  tlie  barony  of  Downy. 

A  procuratory  of  Resignation  of  the  Laird  of  Polmaise  to 
the  Laird  of  Balwery. 

A  procuratory  made  of  the  half  of  Down}'  be  John  Astray  ( ?) 
to  Balwery. 

A  precept  of  sasine  of  Robert  Fergusoun  of  the  lands  of 

An  instrument  of  sasine  of  ester and  wester 

An  instrument  of  resignation  of  the  lands  of  Downy,  .  .  . 

An  obligation  of  ...  to  — • — -  Fergusoun  of  xl  (?)  sterling. 

Out  of  the  which  kist  umquhile   Patrick  Butter   of 

spouse  of  umquhile  Janet  Lindsay,  '  sj^ulzeit  and  tuke  ye 
saidis  evidentis  and  diveris  sums  of  money,'  and  she  granted, 
the  having  of  the  said  evidents  in  keeping  in  the  burgh  of 
Perth  after  she  was  examined  thereupon  by  Master  John 
Scot  as  his  hand-writ  testifies,  and  she  being  now  deceased, 
James  Halkerston,  her  spouse,  gat  and  withholds  from  the 
said  Robert  Fergusoun  the  said  evidents  pertaining  to  him. 

The  letters  are  dated  at  Edinburgh,  Otli  April,  in  the  25th 
year  of  the  Reign. 

1588.  On  12th  December  1588  a  tack  was  granted  by 
John,  Earl  of  Athole,  of  the  lands  of  Pitzir  to  Thomas  Fer- 
gusson,  presently  occupying  the  same  by  himself  and  his  sub- 

1611.  The  original  Feu-charter  of  Baledmund  is  dated 
I7th  December  1611,  and  by  it  Sir  Archibald  Stewart  of 
Synnart,  knight,  conveys  all  and  whole  the  forty-shilling 
land  of  Baledmund  with  the  three  pendicles  of  Glenbrerachan 
on  the  east  part  of  Edraharvie,  called  the  funny  runrig  of 
Tomquhollan,  and  other  two  pendicles  called  the  east  part  of 
the  Glen,  vulgarly  the  east  end  of  the  Glen,  and  the  shielings 
called  Ruichragan,  Ruichcraicvrcckie,  and  the  half  of  Rui- 
baslintuirk,  and  siclike  all  and  whole  the  twenty-six  shilling 
eight-penny  land  of  the  west  end  of  the  Haugh  of  Dalshian, 
with  the  oaken  woods,  salmon  fishings,  etc.,  within  the  tenandry 
of  Logierait,  in  favour  of  Finlay  Fergusson  of  Baledmund,  his 


heirs  and  assignees,  Sasine  was  taken  on  16th  January 

1616.  On  16th  December  1616  William  Earl,  of  Tulli- 
bardine,  as  superior,  granted  to  Eobert  Fergussoun,  son  and 
apparent  heir  of  umquhile  William  Fergussoun  of  Derculich, 
his  heirs  and  successors,  the  ward  and  non-entry  maills,  and 
also  the  marriage  of  the  said  Robert  Fergussone,  etc. 

1627.  In  June  1627  a  receipt  is  granted  to  Fergus  Fer- 
gussoun of  Baledmund. 

1631.  On  11th  May  1631  Fergus  Fergusson,  lawful  son 
and  heir,  at  least  apparent  heir  of  Finlay  Fergusson  of 
Baledmund,  granted  two  charters  (one  a  me,  and  one  de 
'me)  of  the  two-merk  land  of  the  west  part  of  the  haugh  of 
Dalshian,  in  favour  of  Duncan  Fergusson  in  Balziecone  his 
heirs  and  assignees. 

In  April  1632  there  is  a  receipt  granted  in  favour  of  Fergus 
Fergussone  of  Balledmond  for  the  taxation  of  the  forty-shiling 
land  of  Balledmond,  and  the  two-merk  land  of  west  end  of  the 
haugh  of  Dalshian,  for  the  years  1621-1629  and  1631. 

In  December  1634  there  is  a  similar  receipt. 

Of  date  8th  September  1638  there  is  an  inventory  of  the 
writs  of  the  lands  of  Mulling,  in  which  the  following  deeds 
are  mentioned : — 

An  old  service  of  umquhile  Duncan  Fergussone  eldest  son 
of  umquhile  James  Fergussone  his  father  of  the  lands  of 
MulHng,  27th  April  1568' 

A  charter  by  James,  king  of  Scotland,  comprising  a  grant 
by  William  Blair  of  Ardblair  of  the  lands  of  Mulling  to 
Duncan  Fergussone,  William  Blair's  writ  being  dated  15th 
July  1446. 

A  deed  dated  July  1546. 

A  sasine  granted  by  James  Fergussone  as  heir  ...  to 
umquhile  Fergus  Duncanson  his  grandsire,  to  the  said  lands, 
dated  13th  May  1529. 

An  instrument,  apparently  an  acquittance,  by  George,  Earl 
of  Erroll,  for  the  ward  of  Duncan  Fergussone  of  Mullin,  dated 
22nd  September  1568. 

A  judicial  Bond  whereby  Christian  Duff,  spouse  of  David 


Fersfussone  of  Miillin  surrenders  her  liferent  of  the  said 
lands  in  favour  of  Duncan  Fergusson  her  son,  dated  April 

Our  Sovereign  Lord's  gift  of  the  non-entry  of  the  said  lands 
to  John  Fergusson,  21st  July  1632. 

Procuratory  of  Sasine  in  favour  of  Duncan  Fergusson  now 
of  Mulling  as  heir  to  James  Fergusson  his  grandsire,  5th 
December  1632. 

Sasine  following  thereon. 

An  instrument  conveying  right  to  the  teinds  of  the  said 

A  contract  of  wadset  between  Duncan  Fergusson  and 
James  M'Duff,  dated  28th  February  1633. 

1642.  On  1st  May  1642  the  Duke  of  Atholl  granted  a 
precept  of  dare  constat  in  favour  of  Fergus  Fergusson  as 
heir  to  his  father,  Finlay  Fergusson. 

1644.  A  receipt  was  granted  by  William  Moray,  younger 
of  Ochtertyre,  in  name  of  Agnes  Moray  his  sister,  granting 
him  to  have  received  from  Robert  Fergusson  of  Dunfallandie 
the  sum  of  78  merks,  and  that  for  his  proportion  of  two 
troopers'  horses,  the  one  for  this  year,  and  the  other  for  the 
year  1643.     At  Logierait,  26th-1644. 

1651.  Of  date  3rd  February  a  letter  relating  to  a  bill  is 
extant,  signed  '  John  tfergusone.' 

1669.  On  25th  April  1669  John  Drummond  of  Pitkellonie 
grants  a  receipt  in  favour  of  Fergus  Fergusson  for  a  sum  of 
money  (amount  lost  through  paper  being  torn)  as  his  pro- 
portion of  money  imposed,  and  due  to  Drummond  as  leader 
of  a  horse  (troop  (?)  )  of  his  Majesty's  Militia  for  his  lands  in 
Mullion  parish. 

1680.  Findla  Fergusone  of  Balledmond  appears  among  the 
vassals  to  whom  a  missive  letter  is  addressed  by  the  Marquis 
of  Atholl,  on  31st  January  1680,  in  reference  to  certain 
oppressions  and  encroachments  upon  his  vassals  and  tenants 
in  Muling  parish. 

1681.  On  19th  May  1681  the  Marquis  of  Atholl  granted 
a  precept  of  dare  constat  in  favour  of  Finlay  Fergusson  as 


nearest  and  lawful  heir  of  Fergus  Fergusson  his  father,  and 
Finlay  Fergusson  his  grandfather,  for  infefting  him  in  Baled- 
mund  and  the  west  end  of  the  Haugh  of  Dalshian. 

1703.  The  following  letter  of  1703  addressed  to  Finlay 
ffergusson  of  Baledmnnd  is  interesting : — 

DuNKELL,  May  ye  I4:th,  1703. 

'  Assured  Friend, — I  desire  your  presence  at  this  place  on 
Munday  the  seventeenth  instant  at  eleven  o'clock  to  attend 
the  funerall  of  John  Marquis  of  Atholl  my  dear  father  bring- 
ing alongst  with  you  a  pretty  man  out  of  each  two  merk  land 
with  his  best  arms  and  cloaths. — I  am  your  assured  friend, 


By  John,  Duke  of  Atholl. 

1707.  '  Thes  are  allowing  Finlay  Fergussone  of  Baled- 
mund  ffredome  in  our  fforest  for  four  pairs  of  horses,  and 
discharges  any  of  our  tforesters  to  inedle  with  them,  and  this 
shall  be  his  warrand.  Given  under  our  hand.  At  Blaire  Castle 
the  23rd  of  Junii  1707  years.  Atholl.' 

1711.  On  12th  September  1711  a  disposition  was  granted 
by  Janet  Ferguson,  apparent  heiress  of  Finlay  Fergusson  her 
father's  brother,  with  consent  of  James  Fergusson  of  Pitfourie, 
her  husband,  to  Finlay  Fergusson  of  Pitfourie,  his  heirs  and 
assignees,  of  Baledmund,  and  the  said  two  merks  in  the  haugh 
of  Dalshian,  and  on  19th  November  the  Duke  of  Atholl 
granted  a  precept  in  her  favour  as  nearest  and  lawful  heir  of 
the  deceased  Finlay  Fergusson  of  Baledmund,  her  uncle. 


The  following  papers  cast  an  interesting  light  on  the 
social  condition  of  A  thole  and  the  fortunes  of  the  unfortunate 
Highland  gentlemen  who  followed  Brigadier  Mackintosh 
across  the  Forth,  and  were  taken  prisoners  at  Preston. 

LoGiERAiT,  June  20th,  1714. 

'  Sir, — My  Lord  Duke  came  to  Dunkeld  last  night.  I 
immediately  received  an  express  from  His  Grace  ordering  me 
to  acquaint  you  that  His  Grace  is  to  be  this  day  at  twelve 


o'clock  here,  and  that  you  and  your  tenants  meet  him  here 
in  order  to  hear  sermon.     I  am,  sir,  your  humble  serv*. 



'  Balechnund's  Deposition,  anno  1716,'  (original  on  stamped 


'  Finlay  fFerguson  late  of  Mulling  in  that  ]3art  of  Great 
Brittaine  called  Scotland,  maketh  oath,  that  upon  the  late 
Kebellion  in  Scotland  this  Dep*  was  ordered  by  his  master 
the  Duke  of  Atholl  Avith  many  others  his  vassals,  to  come 
armed  to  the  castle  of  Blaire  where  his  Grace  then  resided, 
in  order  as  this  dep*  believes,  to  defend  the  country  and  his 
own  person  ag*  the  Lord  Marr  and  the  party  he  was  then 
gathering,  and  this  dep^  in  obedience  to  his  s'^  master's  com- 
mands went  armed  to  this  s'^^  castle  of  Blaire  accordingly. 
That  presently  after  the  Marquis  of  Tullibardine  and  the  Lord 
Marr  sent  out  their  proclamations  and  fiery  crosses  ordering 
this  dep*  and  others  of  that  clan  under  paine  of  fire  and 
sworde  to  repair  to  their  camp,  which  was  then  at  Mulling, 
the  place  where  this  dep*  lived.  That  notwithstanding  these 
threats  of  the  Lord  Marr,  this  dep*  continued  firme  in  his  duty 
to  his  said  master  the  Duke  of  Atholl,  and  staid  with  His 
Grace  until  the  Lord  Marr  removed  his  camp  from  Mulling 
to  Logyrait,  at  which  time  the  Marquess  of  Tullibardine  came 
with  a  party  of  horse  in  the  night  time  to  Blair  Castle  where 
this  deponent  was,  and  carry ed  this  dep*^  and  many  others 
away  prisoners  to  Logyrait,  and  from  thence  both  this  dep* 
and  those  who  were  made  prisoners  with  him  were  carryed 
to  Perth  with  Marr's  army,  where  Tullibardine  offered  this 
dep*-  a  Lieutenant's  commission,  which  this  dep*  refused  to 
accept;  and  offered  and  endeavoured  to  goe  home,  upon 
which  the  said  Marquis  threatned  that  if  this  dep*  made  such 
attempt  to  make  this  dep*  a  publick  example  to  all  the 
army ;  that  from  Perth  this  dep*  was  forced  to  goe  over  the 
Firth  with  Mackintosh,  and  soe  forward  to  Preston.  But  all 
the  whole  way  this  dep*  utterly  refused  to  doe  any  duty 
whatsoever  that  belongs  to  a  soldier.  Notwithstanding  many 
offers  were  made  to  prevaile  upon  this  dep*  soe  to  doe :  and 


this  dep*  saitli  that  Patrick  Robertson,  Rob*  Steward,  and 
Alexander  Fergusson,  who  this  dep*  is  informed  are  now 
prisoners  at  Chester,  and  are  very  material  witnesses  to  prove 
the  premises,  as  this  dep*  verily  believes. 

Jur.  25th,  die  Janr"\  1715. 
Coram  Tho.  Bury. 

Discharge.     The  Keei^er  of  the  Jayle  of  Lancaster  to 
Balechnund,  1715/16. 

'  These  may  certifie  all  officirs,  civill  and  military,  and 
others  whom  it  may  concerne,  that  the  bearer  hereof  fFenlow 
ffergusson  of  the  Parish  of  Mulling  and  County  of  Perth  in 
North  Britain,  Received  his  tryall  at  Liverpool  Assizes  in  the 
County  of  Lanca^,  where  he  was  found  by  the  verdict  of  the 
court  Not  Guilty  of  the  Treason  whereof  he  stood  accused, 
and  was  accordingly  discharged  the  Court  upon  payment  of 
his  ffees,  which  has  been  since  done  accordingly.  As  witness 
my  hand  the  22nd  day  of  february  1715/6. 

'  Wm.  Bridsworth, 

'  Keeper  of  his  Maj^'^'^'^  Gaole  the 

Castle  of  Lancaster.' 

Undocqueted.     [Com.  Lane] 

'  I,  Charles  Rigby,  Esq'',  one  of  his  Majesties  Justices  of  the 
Peace  and  Quor'"  in  and  for  the  said  county  do  hereby 
certiiie  whom  these  may  concern  That  the  Bearer  ffenlow 
fterguson,  a  Scottisman  (after  having  been  some  time  a 
prisoner  in  the  Castle  of  Lancaster,  his  Majestie's  gaol  in  and 
for  the  said  county,  on  suspition  of  High  Treason  in  joining 
or  aiding  the  Rebells  lately  in  arms  in  the  said  County) 
Hath  since  that  been  removed  to  Liverpoole  in  the  sd. 
county,  and  on  his  Tryal  there  before  his  Majestie's  Justices  of 
Oier  and  Terminer  in  that  Behalfe  appointed  for  the  said 
offense  was  duly  acquitted  thereof  and  discharged  from  his 
Lnprisonment,  and  being  now  on  his  journey  to  Mulling  in 
the  County  of  Perth  in  North  Britain.  He  ought  to  be 
permitted  quietly  to  pass  on  his  way  to  Mulling  aforesaid. 


He  behaving  himself  as  becometh.  Given  under  my  Hand 
and  Seal  at  Lancaster  in  the  said  County  the  Twenty-second 
day  of  febry.  Anno  Kegni  Eegis  Georgii  Magnae  Britanniae, 
etc.,  secundo,  Annoque  dom.  1715  : 6. 

'  Cha:  Rigby.' 

By  John,  Duke  of  Atholl,  Lord-Lieut^-  and  Sheriff 
jprincipall  of  Perthshire. 

'  Whereas  ffinlay  fferguson  of  Baledmund  having  been 
tryed  for  high  treason  at  Liverpool  in  England,  and  acquitted 
by  the  judges  there,  We  therefore  take  off  and  loose  all 
arrestments  laid  on  his  effects  and  Rents  within  our  Regality 
of  Atholl,  and  ordains  any  of  the  otficers  to  intimate  the  same 
to  the  Tennants  and  others  concerned.  Signed  at  Hunting- 
tower,  the  8th  of  March  1716.  Atholl.' 

By  John,  Duke  of  Atholl. 

'  Whereas  there  was  an  arrestment  at  our  Instance  layd  on 
the  Rents  of  Balleyoukan's  lands  till  we  were  satisfied  for 
his  undutifulness  to  us  during  the  late  Rebellion,  These  are 
loosing  the  said  Arrestments  and  allowing  the  Tennants  of 
the  said  lands  to  pay  their  respective  duties  due  at  Martin- 
mas last  to  Katherine  Butter  his  spouse.  Given  at  our 
house  of  Dunkeld,  the  4th  of  December  1716  years. 

'  Atholl,' 

There  is  at  Baledmund  an  old  Irish  bible,  with  the  following- 
inscription  in  Finlay  Fergusson's  writing  : — '  This  Irish  bible 
was  gifted  to  me  by  John  Stewart,  writer,  Edinburgh,  ninth 
day  of  March  1716,  as  I  came  home  from  Liverpool  in 
England,  and  Tryed  therein  on  suspicion  of  High  Treason, 
the  twenty-sixth  day  of  January  one  thousand  seven  hundred 
and  sixteen  years.  Finlay  Fergusson.' 

1721.  On  14th  April  1721  a  contract  was  made  between 
the  Duke  of  Atholl  and  Finlay  Fergusson  of  Baledmund, 
proceeding  upon  the  Act  1  Geo.  i.,  entituled,  'An  Act  for 
the  more  effectually  securing  the  peace  in  the  Highlands,' 
whereby  the  personal  services  of  hosting,  hunting,  watching, 
and  warding  were  commuted  for  a  money  payment. 



1723.  Alexander  Fergusson  of  Bally oukan  is  charged  on 
19tli  December  1723  to  make  payment  of  a  mason's  account. 
The  receipt  on  the  back  is  in  favour  of  Thomas  Fergusson 
now  of  Ballyoukan,  eldest  lawful  son  and  heir  to  the  within 
designed  Alexander  Fergusson,  and  is  dated  29th  February 

1731.  By  feu-contract,  dated  10th  February  1731,  Finlay 
Fergusson  of  Baledmund  acquired  from  the  Duke  of  Atholl 
the  lands  of  Drum  of  Pitlochry. 


1.  The  SiiTYinio^is  by  the  Marquis  of  Tullibardine  forfeited 

for  his  share  in  the  previous  rising,  and  elder  brother 
of  tlte  then  Duke  of  Atholl. 

'  Gentlemen, — Yesterday  I  had  the  honour  to  arrive  here 
in  company  with  his  Royall  Highness  the  Prince,  to  assert 
his  Majesty's  undoubted  right,  and  as  you  have  ever  con- 
tinued to  act  as  Loyall  subjects  and  Lovers  of  your  country. 
It  leaves  me  no  room  to  doubt  that  you  will  on  this  occasion 
manifest  to  the  world  your  zeall  and  attachment  to  the  royal 
family  by  appearing  immediatly  in  arms  with  all  the  men 
you  can  get  together  to  join  the  royall  standard.  I  shall  be 
heartily  sorry  that  your  delay  to  appear  should  oblige  me 
by  his  Highness'  orders  to  use  more  disagreeable  methods. 
Therefore  I  hope  you  '11  by  no  means  faill  to  join  our  Army 
with  all  speed,  and  I  am,  your  most  affect,  hu"  sepv*, 

'  Atholl.' 

From  the  Camp  at  Blair, 
the  1st  Sept.  1745. 

2.  Letter  evidently  from  Mr.  Adam  Fergusson,  Minister  of 

Logierait.     Unaddressed. 

LoGiERAiT,  22nd  June  1746. 

'  James  Fergusson  yesternight  seized  by  a  party  and  sent 
this  day  to  Perth,  the  Commissar  is  going  there  to-morrow 
early,  and  wishes  you  or  your  agent  (?)  or  both  to  goe  along 
to  try  what  can  be  done  for  his  Liberation  and  the  recovery 


of  Elspet  Camron's  cattle  carried  off  with  liim.  I  am,  health 
serving,  to  be  early  with  the  Commissar,  and  expecting  you 
at  his  house,  am,  Sir,  your  most  humble  servant, 

'  Adam  Fergusson.' 

Letters  indorsed  ' Missives,  Baron  Fergusson  to  Bcdedmund' 
and  addressed — '  Mr.  ffi^nlay  fergusson  of  Balledmen, 
near  Diinkeld,  North  Britain! 


'  I  am  at  present  in  a  bad  state  of  health.  I  have  been 
blooded  but  am  no  better,  and  a  feaver  is  threatned,  which  if 
it  be  sent  will  be  a  heavy  affliction  in  this  miserable  confine- 
ment. Yesterday  I  was  served  with  Inditement,  and  am  to 
be  trj^ed  the  9th  of  next  month.  I  have  given  my  sollicitor 
a  list  of  witnesses  to  prove  my  behaviour  in  the  unhappy 
tragedy,  and  that  I  had  no  arms,  the  witnesses  are  the  two 
James  Fergussons,  who  1  hope  you  Avill  further  to  be  here  in 
time  as  my  Life  is  at  stake.  Pray  apply  to  the  Reverend 
Mr.  Adams  for  a  certificate  of  my  age,  which  will  be  a  great 
mean  to  save  my  life. — I  am,  wdth  great  esteem,  Sir,  your 
very  humble  serv*-  James  Fergusson,' 

Carlisle  Castle,  2\st  Aityust  1746. 

'  Loving  Sir, — These  are  to  acquaint  you  I  am  recovered 
a  little  of  my  sickness.  You  '11  send  here  James  Ferguson, 
son  of  William  Ferguson  in  the  Mains  of  Dunfallandie,  and 
James  Ferguson,  son  to  Robert  Ferguson  in  Ball  Luck,  to 
witness  I  never  beer'd  arms.  Our  Traylls  comes  on  ye  ninth 
of  September,  for  which  they  must  not  lose  time.  My  Lawers 
are  Mr.  Ferguson  and  Mr.  Parrot  ane  Englishman,  and  Mr. 
M'Lude  my  sollicitor.  I  received  from  Mr.  M'Lude  halfe  a 
guinea,  being  scant  of  money.  Therefore  you  are  to  remember 
him  and  oy''  things  if  he  calls  for  doing  me  service  I  want 
the  Minister's  baptism  for  my  age,  and  how  long  since  I  came 
from  the  scooll.     No  more,  as  I  am  your  assured  friend, 

'  James  Fergusson.' 

Carlisle,  25th  Aug.  ll-ltQ. 


Letter  indorsed  'Missive  Ro.  M'Leod,  Writer,  and  Baron 
ffergiison,  about  tlie  Baron  when  in  Carlisle  Prison  in 

Edinr.,  25th  Aug.  1746. 

'  Sir, — The  enclosed  comes  from  your  friend  and  namesake 
James  Ferguson,  son  to  Baron  Ferguson,  now  prisoner  at 
Carlisle,  and  against  whom  a  Bill  of  Indictment  has  been 
found,  and  who  is  to  be  tryed  upon  the  9th  of  next  month. 
When  his  tryall  was  intimate  to  him  he  made  choice  of 
me  for  his  sollicitor,  and  as  he  has  some  Defences  which,  if 
proven,  may  happen  to  save  his  life,  he  has  desired  that  two 
witnesses  whom  he  names  in  his  letter  to  you  may  be  cited 
for  him  to  prove  his  defences.  In  order  to  their  being  cited 
I  here  send  you  a  subpoena  and  two  coppies.  The  manner 
of  citing  them  is  by  presenting  the  subpoena  and  delivering 
them  the  printed  coppie  and  a  shilling,  and  informing  them 
that  they  must  answer  the  subpoena  under  the  penalty  of 
£100  ster.  He  requests  that  you  will  remove  any  difficulty 
or  scruples  the  witnesses  may  have  against  going,  and  that 
you  will  furnish  them  with  what  may  be  necessary  to  carry 
them  to  Carlisle,  which  can  be  no  great  sum,  and  when  they 
come  there  you  '11  order  them  to  call  for  me  or  for  Mr. 
Andrew  Burnett,  wi-iter  to  the  Signet,  at  Mrs.  Pattinson's,  at 
the  sign  of  the  George,  or  if  they  come  soon  here  to  call  for 
either  of  us  at  our  houses  here,  which  any  street  cadie  will 
direct  them  to.  I  have  writt  to  Peter  M'Glashan,  vintner  in 
Blair  of  Atholl,  concerning  some  witnesses  to  be  cited  for  a 
neighbour  of  his,  and  if  you  and  he  can  cause  one  man  serve 
all  your  subjDoenas  it  will  be  the  best  and  properest  way,  as 
it 's  proper  the  person  who  serves  the  subpoenas  should  goe 
to  Carlisle.  You'll  return  me  the  printed  (?)  subpoenas,  if 
possible,  by  this  express.  As  your  friend  is  like  wayes  under 
age  it  were  proper  that  a  certiticate  of  his  age  were  sent, 
signed  by  the  Session  Clerk  of  the  parish  where  he  was  born, 
as  I  presume  his  name  would  be  included  in  the  Register  of 
baptisms  of  that  parish,  and  that  certiticate  should  be  com- 
pared with  the  register  by  the  same  person  who  executes  the 
subpoena,  that  he  may  be  able  to  depone  upon  its  being  a 
good  Certificate  before  the  Judges  there.     As  your  friend's 


life  is  at  stake  you  '11  surely  not  grudge  a  little  trouble  to  use 
the  necessary  means  to  save  hini.  In  case  of  any  needs  I 
have  sent  another  subpoena  and  two  copies  to  Peter  M'Glashan 
for  your  friend's  accompt.  I  '11  expect  a  return  from  you  per 
bearer,  and  am,  Sir,  your  most  humble  Servant, 

'  Rod.  MacLeod. 
'  Direct  for  Roderick  MacLeod, 
Writer  to  the  Signet,  Ed'"-' 

Writ  of  Subpoena. 

'  George  the  Second,  by  the  Grace  of  God  of  Great  Britain, 
Erance,  and  Ireland,  King,  Defender  of  the  Faith,  and  so 
forth.  To  .  .  .  Greeting,  We  command  you  and  every  of 
you,  that,  all  other  things  set  aside  and  ceasing  every  Excuse, 
you  and  every  of  you  Be  and  Appear  in  your  proper  persons 
before  our  Justices  and  Commissioners  at  our  Special  Sessions 
of  Oyer  and  Terminer  and  Gaol  Delivery  to  be  held  by 
Adjournment  at  the  City  of  Carlisle,  in  and  for  the  County 
of  Cumberland,  on  Tuesday  the  ninth  day  of  September 
next,  by  virtue  of  the  Statute  in  that  case  made  and  pro- 
vided to  testify  the  Truth  betwixt  us  and  James  Ferguson, 
late  of  the  City  of  Carleisle  in  the  County  of  Cumberland, 
Gentleman,  and  this  you  shall  in  nowise  omitt  under  the 
penalty  of  One  Hundred  pounds  apiece.  Witness  Sir  Thomas 
Parker,  knight,  at  the  City  of  Carlisle  the  Twelfth  day  of 
August  in  the  Twentieth  year  of  our  reign. 

'  Kno.  Herton.' 

Printed  Citation. 

'By  virtue  of  his  Majesty's  Writ  of  Subpoena  now  to  you 
shewn,  to  you  and  others  directed,  you  are  commanded.  That 
all  other  things  set  aside  and  ceasing  every  Excuse,  you  be 
and  Appear  in  your  proper  Person  before  the  Justices  and 
Commissioners  of  our  Sovereign  Lord  the  King  at  the  Special 
Sessions  of  our  said  Lord  the  King,  of  Oyer  and  Terminer 
and  Gaol  Delivery,  to  be  held  by  Adjournment  at  the  City  of 
Carlisle  in  and  for  the  County  of  Cumberland,  on  Tuesday 
the  ninth  day  of  September  next  by  virtue  of  the  Statute  in 
that  Case  made  and  provided  to  testify  the  Truth  betwixt 


our  said  Lord  the  King  and  James  Ferguson,  late  of  tlie  City 
of  Carlisle  in  the  County  of  Cumberland,  Gentleman,  on  the 
Behalf  of  the  said  James  Ferguson.  And  this  you  shall  in 
no  ways  omit  under  the  Penalty  of  one  Hundred  Pounds. 
Dated  the  Twelfth  Day  of  August  in  the  Twentieth  year  of 
the  Reign  of  our  Sovereign  Lord,  George  the  Second,  by  the 
Grace  of  God,  of  Great  Britain,  France,  and  Ireland,  King, 
Defender  of  the  Faith,  and  so  forth,  and  in  the  year  of  our 
Lord  One  thousand  seven  hundred  and  forty  six. 

'  Rod.  MacLeod, 
'Solicitor  by  Special  Appointiinent.' 

1756.  A  Finlay  Fergussone  signs  a  stated  account  of 
Robert  Menzies,  writer  in  Coshiville,  of  his  Intromissions  with 
the  value  of  Effects  sold  by  Roup  and  other  Avays  belonging 
to  the  deceased  Mr.  Fergus  Fergusson,  Minister  of  the  Gospel 
at  Fortingall,  which  is  docquetted  '  Stated  Account  betwixt 
the  children  of  the  deceased  Mr.  Fergus  Fergusson  and 
Robert  Menzies,  factor  for  them.'  (The  Rev.  Fergus  had  a 
son  Finlay.) 

1758.  On  13th  November  1758  the  Duke  of  Atholl  granted 
a  precept  of  dare  constat  in  favour  of  Edmund  Fergusson 
of  Baledmund  as  heir  of  his  father,  Finlay  Fergusson. 

Edmund  Fergusson,  who  had  no  children,  married  Mary 
Robertson,  sister  of  George  Robertson  of  Fascallie.  He 
survived  to  ,  and  had  been  baptized  on  29th 

July  1738,  his  mother  being  Helen  Balneaves.  His  sister 
Margaret  had,  on  November  3rd,  1747,  married  Thomas 
Fergusson  of  Balyoukan,  and  the  estate  of  Baledmund  passed 
to  her  descendants. 

The  Baledmund  papers  contain  the  following  note : — 

Thomas  Fergusson,  Esq.,  and  Margaret  Fergusson,  married 
3rd  Nov.  1747.     Children  baptized  to  them: — 
Alexander,  Aug.  23rd,  1748. 
Finlay,  March  6th,  1750. 
Fmlay,  May  20th,  1751. 
Thomas,  Jan.  2nd,  1753. 
James,  Aug.  30th,  1754. 



Edmund,  April  22nd,  1756. 
Helen,  April  80th,  1758. 
Henry,  Nov.  30th,  1759. 
Archibald,  Nov.  10th,  1761. 
Patrick,  Mar.  9th,  1763. 
Kobert,  June  25th,  1766. 

Alexander  Fergusson,  Esq.,  and  Isabella  Watson,  married 
August  27th,  1796.     Children  baptized  to  them : — 
Isabella,  Oct.  1st,  1797;  d.  211^1^5. 

Margaret,  March  6th,  1799;  d. 


Thomas,  May  29th,  1800 :  d.  11/6/24. 

Alex.,  Nov.  5th,  1801 ;  d.      6/31. 

Edmund,  May  21st,  1803. 

Jean,  Jany.  27th,  1805. 

James,  Aug.  4th,  1806;  m.  12/3/38;  d.  21/12/87. 

Mary-Jane,  May  1st,  1808. 

Helen,  Feby.  24th,  1810 ;  d.      9/34. 

Henrietta,  Feby.  22nd,  1812;  d.  25/12/52. 

Elisabeth  Joanna,  March  21st,  1813. 

Catherine,  2nd  July  1814  ;  d.  11/11/40. 

Augusta,  Aug.  28,  1817  ;  d.  25/1/56. 

Georgina,  March  8,  1819. 



James  Fergusson,  Esq.,  and  Jane  Robertson,  married  12th 
March  1838.     Children  baptized  to  them : — 

Jane  (deceased). 

Isabella  Henrietta,  m.  1/2/65  (deceased). 

Augusta  Margaret. 

Edmund  Alexander,  June  18th,  1843  (deceased). 

Elizabeth  Joanna,  m.  27/10/69. 

Jemima  Catherine  (deceased). 

James  Grant,  June  1st,  1850. 

Thomas,  Feb.  15th,  1853. 

Flora  Georgina. 

Alex.  Dawson,  Jas.  Ed.,  April  5,  1857. 
James  Grant  Fergusson  married  Mary,  daughter  of  Rev. 
William  Davidson,  D.D.,  18th  June  1884,  and  has  issue: — 

Mary  Grizel  Jean. 

Henrietta  Margaret. 

Edmund  James,  born  13th  December  1891. 
The  following  is  the  'Roll  of  Fencible  men  supplied  by 
Baledmund  in  the  years  1705  and  1706,'  from  a  note  furnished 
by  the  Duke  of  Athole  to  Mr.  Fergusson  of  Baledmund. 


Finlay  Ferguson  of  Baledmund. 

Alex.  Duff,  servant,  armed. 

John  Ferguson,  servant,  armed. 

Robert  Ferguson,  tenant,  armed. 

John  Anderson,  tenant,  armed. 

Alex.  Stewart,  servant,  wants  arms. 

Robert  Robertson,  tenant,  Avants  arms. 

William  Stewart,  tenant,  wants  a  sword. 

Finlay  Ferguson  of  Baledmund. 

William  Stewart. 

John  Anderson. 

John  Drummond. 

John  Drunnnond. 

John  Caddel. 

John  Ferguson. 

Donald  Fleming. 

Robert  Ferguson. 

James  Ferguson. 


The  following  is  a  copy  of  the  Balyoukan  Roll  for  1705, 
also  in  possession  of  the  Duke  of  Athole : — 

Alexander  Ferguson  of  Balyoukan,  armed. 
Duncan  Robertson,  his  servant,  armed. 
Patrick  Robertson,  tenant,  armed. 
Alexander  Ferguson,  his  servant,  armed, 
Alexander  Campbell,  tenant,  armed. 
John  Campbell,  a  young  man,  wants  a  gun. 
John  Peebles,  tenant,  weaver,  wants  arms. 
Finlay  Ferguson,  smith,  armed. 
Robert  Ferguson,  his  son,  armed. 
Donald  Fleming,  his  servant,  excused. 
James  Robertson,  a  young  man,  armed. 
Donald  Keir,  his  servant,  absent. 
Thomas  Reid,  cottar,  merchant,  excused. 
Thomas  Menzies,  cottar,  wants  arms. 
Robert  Douglas,  miller,  wants  arms. 
John  Keir,  his  servant,  a  miller,  wants  arms. 


Section  V 


The  Ballyoukan  papers  in  the  possession  of  Mr.  Fergusson  of 
Baledmund,  the  representative  both  of  the  Baledmimd  and 
of  the  later  Ballyoukan  Fergusson  family  are  not  numerous. 
Thomas  Fergusson,  Laird  of  Ballyoukan,  who  in  1747 
married  Margaret  Fergusson  the  heiress  of  Baledmund, 
predeceased  his  wife,  who  granted  a  power  of  attorney  as  his 
widow  in  favour  of  Alexander,  her  eldest  lawful  son,  Finlay 
being  dead,  on  1st  May  1781.  Ballyoukan  was  sold  to  Butter 
of  Pitlochrie  in  1802.  The  titles  of  the  estate  clearly  show 
the  descent  of  the  Fergusson  family  from  the  date  of  the 
feu-charter  in  1612,  to  the  sale  of  the  estate  190  years  later. 
It  passed  by  marriage  in  the  middle  of  the  seventeenth 
century  from  one  Fergusson  family  to  another,  Avho,  in  the 
middle  of  the  eighteenth  century  by  marriage  also  acquired 
riofht  to  the  future  inheritance  of  Baledmund.  While  how- 
ever  the  first  heiress  seems  to  have  left  no  issue  of  her  own, 


and  the  estate  to  have  passed  to  her  husband/  on  the  second 
occasion,  the  subsequent  owners  were  the  direct  descendants 
of  the  previous  owners  of  both  properties. 

1612.  On  1st  January  1612  Sir  Archibald  Stewart  of 
Fynnart  granted  a  charter  in  favour  of  Thomas  Fergusson  in 
Ballyoukan,  disponing  to  him  and  his  heirs  and  successors, 
All  and  whole  the  40/  land  of  Ballyoukan,  the  40/  land  of 
Ballameanoch,  and  the  Miln  of  Pittagir,  Mill  lands  and 
sequels  of  the  same,  with  the  Thirlage  to  the  said  Miln  of  the 
40/  land  of  Ballachandie,  40/  land  of  Pittchastle,  40/  land  of 
Pittnaragaren,  alias  Ballagowan,  and  the  40/  land  of  Pittagir, 
with  the  use  of  the  Loch  of  Lochbroon  and  privilege  of 
drawing  water  therefrom  for  the  use  of  the  said  Miln,  with 
the  liberty  of  carting  turfs  and  peats,  etc..  Together  with  all 
and  sundry  salmon  fishings  upon  the  water  of  Tummel  and 
Lochbroon  used  and  wont,  with  all  and  sundry  meadows, 
oaken  and  other  woods  within  the  bounds  of  the  lands  of 
Ballyoukan  and  Ballameanoch,  lying  within  the  parishes  of 
Moulin  and  Logierait,  regality  of  Athole  and  shire  of  Perth. 
To  be  held  in  feu  of  the  granter. 

The  instrument  of  sasine  following  is  dated  14th  January 

1613.  On  23rd  November  1613  the  said  Thomas  Fergus- 
son  of  Ballyoukan  granted  a  charter  of  the  aforesaid  lands, 
mill,  and  others,  in  favour  of  William  Fergusson,  his  son  and 
apparent  heir. 

On  13th  December  1613  William,  Earl  of  Tulhbardine, 
superior  of  the  said  lands,  granted  a  charter  of  Resignation  in 
favour  of  the  said  William  Fergusson  and  his  heirs,  on  which 
sasine  was  taken  on  23rd  December. 

1641.  On  7th  December  1641  the  said  William  Fergus- 
son  granted  a  charter  of  the  said  lands,  etc.,  in  favour  of 
Alexander  Fergusson,  his  son-in-law,  and  Elspeth  Fergusson, 
his  daughter,  and  the  longest  liver  of  them  in  liferent, 
and  the  heirs  to  be  procreated  between  them  in  fee,  on  which 
sasine  was  taken  8th  December  1641,  and  which  was  con- 
firmed by  charter  of  the  Earl  of  Athole  19th  May  1642. 

1  Cf.  Minister  of  Moulin's  ms. 


1663.  On  13th  March  1663  the  said  Alexander  Fergusson 
acquired  from  David,  Viscount  of  Stornionth,  the  teinds  of  the 
lands  of  Ballameanoch  and  mill  lands  of  Pittasfir. 

1705.  On  22nd  June  1705  John,  Duke  of  Athole,  Marquis 
of  Tullibardine,  Earl  of  Strathtay  and  Strathairdle,  Viscount 
of  Balquhidder,  Glenalmond,  and  Glenlyon,  Lord  Murray 
Balvanie  and  Gask,  granted  a  precept  of  dare  constat  in 
favour  of  Alexander  Fergusson  as  heir  of  his  father,  Alex- 
ander Fergusson  of  Ballyoukan,  on  which  sasine  was  taken 
on  20th  July  1705. 

1747.  In  the  contract  of  marriage,  dated  7th  October  1747, 
between  Thomas  Fergusson,  yr.  of  Ballyoukan,  eldest  lawful 
son  of  the  foresaid  Alexander  Fergusson  of  Ballyoukan,  and 
Margaret  Fergusson,  only  lawful  daughter  of  Finlay  Fergus- 
son  of  Baledmund,  the  foresaid  lands  of  Ballyoukan,  etc., 
were  devised  by  the  said  Alexander  Fergusson  to  the  said 
Thomas  Fergusson  and  the  heirs-male  of  his  body,  under 
burden  of  certain  provisions  for  his  brothers,  James  and  Archi- 
bald, etc.,  upon  which  sasine  was  taken  on  16th  February 
1750,  the  procurator  being  Robert  Fergusson,  in  Cull  of 

1760.  On  19th  January  1760  the  Duke  of  Athole  granted 
a  precept  of  dare  constat  in  favour  of  the  said  Thomas  Fer- 
gusson, as  heir  of  the  said  Alexander  Fergusson,  his  father, 
the  lands  to  be  held  on  payment  of  the  previous  feu-duties, 
and  of  £4,  10s.  Scots  in  lieu  of  the  services  of  hosting,  hunt- 
ing, Avatching,  warding,  and  personal  attendance  formerly 
prestable,  on  which  sasine  was  taken  on  20th  June  1769. 

1782.  On  16th  November  1782  the  Duke  of  Athole 
granted  a  precept  of  dare  constat  in  favour  of  Alexander 
Fergusson,  as  heir  of  Thomas  Fergusson  of  Ballyoukan,  his 
father,  on  which  sasine  was  taken  on  1st  January  1783. 

1802.  By  disposition  dated  28th  December  1802  Alex- 
ander Fergusson  sold  the  estate  of  Ballyoukan  to  Lieut.-Col. 
Archibald  Butter  of  Pitlochry. 


Henry  Fergusson,  a  younger  son  of  Thomas  Fergusson  of 


Ballyoukan,  born  in  1759,  was  an  eminent  surgeon,  who  prac- 
tised in  London,  and  was  a  court  doctor.  Dr.  Fergusson 
returned,  when  an  old  man,  to  Ballyoukan,  and  was  held  in 
high  repute  as  a  skilful  physician.  During  an  epidemic  of 
smallpox  he  was  in  much  request,  and  inoculated  the  people 
in  the  year  1808,  as  appears  from  his  case-book.  Dr.  Fergus- 
son  died  in  1811.  His  portrait  in  oil  and  that  of  his  wife 
are  in  the  possession  of  his  grandson,  Henry  Fergusson,  Pit- 

Alexander  Fergusson  of  Ballyoukan  granted  a  lease  to 
Henry  Fergusson,  dated  Sth  July  1802,  for  eighteen  years. 
The  Doctor  resided  at  Aldanrorie,  and  was  brother  to  said 
Alexander.  In  Dr.  Fercjusson's  case-book  he  has  entered, 
under  1st  February  1805,  visits  to  '  Mrs.  Fergusson,  Dun- 
fallandy.'  Under  year  1808  are  many  entries  of  inoculation. 
He  must  have  been  among  the  first  to  introduce  it  into  Scot- 
land, as  Dr.  Jenner  introduced  vaccine  inoculation  in  1799, 
thouoh  he  had  discovered  its  virtue  in  1796.  Dr.  Fergusson, 
on  his  return  from  London  about  1802,  would  bring  the  new 
notions  and  practices  with  him. 

Under  date  1810  he  has  an  account  for  attendance  on  Ann 
Fergusson,  Middlehaugh. 

5th  April  1802.  There  is  a  letter  from  James  Robertson  of 
Lude  inviting  Dr.  Fergusson,  Easthaugh,  to  the  funeral  of  his 
wife.  On  the  back  is  the  Doctor's  reply,  regretting  he  can- 
not go,  owing  to  attendance  on  a  patient. 

The  most  interesting  letter,  however,  is  one  dated  12th 
December  1797,  from  Lady  Elgin,  addressed  to  Mr.  Fergusson, 
at  Genl.  Bruce's  Lodging,  Exeter.  In  it  she  refers  to  the  bad 
news  about  her  son,  whom  the  Doctor  was  attending,  and  who 
was  dying.  She  gives  directions  about  the  coffin,  and  sug- 
gests a  vault  may  be  got  through  Dr.  Courtnay,  Bishop  of 
Exeter,  as  her  desire  was  he  should  be  buried  there. 

Note. — Communicated  from  the  papers  of  Henry  Fergusson,  Esq.,  Pit- 

Section  VI 


Genealogical  Narrative  by  the  Rev.  Adam  Fe7'gusson, 
Minister  of  Moulin.     1775.     With  addition. 

This  narrative  was  sent  in  1892  to  Mr.  James  Ferguson 
(Kinmundy)  by  the  late  A.  Dingwall-Fordyce,  an  Aberdeen- 
shire gentleman  resident  at  Fergus,  Ontario,  Canada.  The 
MS.  is  a  copy  '  made  by  himself  from  the  original  (many 
years  since)  of  the  minister  of  Moulin's^  narrative.'  The 
addition  detailing  his  children  must  have  been  added  by 
another  hand,  and  appears  to  have  been  added  to  the  copy, 
possibly  at  a  later  date. 


(The  following  narrative  was  written  by  the  Rev.  Adam 
Fergusson,  minister  of  Moulin,  and  addressed  to  his  sons  for 
their  information  and  amusement,  giving  an  account  of  their 
descent,  relations,  and  connections.) 

'Your  Parents  were  Adam  Fergusson,  Minister  of  Moulin, 
and  Emily  Menzies,  sixth  lawful  daughter  to  Captain  James 
Menzies  of  Comry,  Tutor  of  Weem,  by  Anne  Campbell. 

'Paternal. — Your  father,  Adam  Fergusson,  is  son  to  Alex- 
ander Fergusson  of  Bellechandy  and  Magdalen  Ogilvy. 
Bellechandy  he  sold  when  I  was  a  child,  to  pay  debts  affect- 
ing it.  He  had  an  elder  brother,  Adam,  who  died  unmarried : 
two  younger — Thomas  who  married,  and  had  children,  but 
none  of  them  married,  and  David,  Avho  left  the  country  un- 
married, and  no  accounts  of  or  from  him,  except  that  Charles, 
eldest  son  to  Mr.  Adam  Fergusson,  Minister  of  Logierait, 

1  For  notice  of  the  author,  from  the  Faatl  Scotkana'  Ecdesice,  v.  infra,  sect.  x. 


mentioned  in  a  letter  to  his  father,  forty  years  past,  from 
Jamaica,  that  he  had  seen  an  uncle  of  mine  there.  Jolm 
Fergiissons  wife,  my  grand-mother,  was  Margaret  Scott, 
dauQ-hter  to  Scott  of  Glenerbert,  who  had  an  estate  reckoned 
considerable  in  those  days.  The  mother  of  Donald  Duff, 
merchant  in  Dimkeld,  Donald  Campbell,  tirst  husband  to  my 
sister,  his  brother  and  sisters,  and  several  other  yeomanry 
persons  in  Strathbraan  and  Glenalmond,  are  my  relations  in 
that  connection.  Margaret  Scott's  mother  was  Miss  Robert- 
son, sister  to  Auchleeks,  a  branch  from  the  stem  which  the 
Laird  of  Lude  represents.  A  sister  of  hers  was  wife  to  Stewart 
of  Urrard.  James  Stewart  of  Urrard,  who  died  at  Cluny  in 
December  1745,  and  my  father,  were  the  grandsons  of  two 
sisters.  The  wife  of  Adam  Fergusson,  my  great-grandfather, 
was  Miss  Butter,  daughter  to  Butter  of  Easter  Dunfallandy. 
John  Butter,  who  a  few  years  ago  sold  it,  and  his  sons,  were 
my  relations.  Adam,  I  see  by  a  marriage-contract,  married 
a  second  wife,  daughter  of  Cudbert  of  Clochatt.  I  do  not  see 
nor  have  I  heard  that  either  my  grandfather  or  great-grand- 
father had  any  brothers  who  had  issue.  I  see  by  a  contract 
of  marriage  that  my  great-grandfather  had  a  daughter  mar- 
ried to  Cardney  of  Pitcastle,  in  Strathtay,  her  tocher  500 
merks,  not  inconsiderable  in  those  days :  a  family  then  in 
repute,  but  since  decayed,  and  now  no  remains  of  them.  My 
great-great-grandfather,  Fergus  Fergusson  of  Bellechandy, 
married  a  daughter  of  Baron  Reid  in  Strathairdle.  He  had 
two  brothers,  Thomas,  Portioner  of  Balmyle,  in  Strathairdle, 
and  Alexander,  master  of  a  merchant  vessel  of  Dundee. 
The  said  Thomas  did,  near  or  about  two  hundred  years  past, 
purchase  the  lands  of  Wester  Balmacruchie  from  David 
Maxwell  of  Tealing,  and  Hugh,  his  son  and  apparent  heir ; 
which  the  said  Thomas  takes  disponed  to  himself  and  the 
heirs-male  of  his  own  body  ;  whom  failing,  to  Alexander  and 
his  heirs-male  ;  all  whom  failing,  to  Adam  Fergusson,  son  to 
Fergus  Fergusson  of  Bellechandy,  brother-german  to  the 
said  Thomas  and  Alexander,  and  to  his  heirs  and  assignees  ; 
and  as  Balmacruchy  came  to  Adam,  my  great-grandfather, 
the  last  institute  in  the  tailzie,  it  appears  that  neither 
Thomas  nor  Alexander  had  male  issue  ;  whether  they  had 


daughters  I  do  not  know.  Tradition  says  that  the  said 
Fergus  was  the  fourth  proprietor  of  Bellechandy  from  father 
to  son, 

'  Baron  Fergusson,  whose  ancestors  had  extensive  lands,  viz., 
Dumfalandy,  the  Ten  Pound  land  of  Derculich,  the  Ten  Pound 
land  of  Dalshian,  and  the  third  of  Strathairdle  and  Glenshee, 
is  our  stem.  Fergusson  of  Ballyoukan  was  a  son  of  his,  and 
another  son,  predecessor  to  the-  branch  of  which  Professor 
Adam  Fergusson,  Finlay  of  Middlehaugh,  and  others  are, 
and  said  to  have  sprung  from  the  stem  at  the  same  time. 
Bellechandy  is  said  to  have  been  a  son  of  the  first  Ballyoukan, 
and  if  not  a  son  he  was  certainly  a  brother.  Professor 
Fergusson  is  your  relation,  not  only  as  springing  from  the 
same  stem,  but  also  by  a  later  connection ;  as  it  is  an  uncon- 
troverted  tradition  that  a  daughter  of  Bellechandy  was  wife 
to  one  of  his  ancestors,  but  I  do  not  know  at  what  period, 
nor  how  many  steps  from  him  and  me.  I  have  been  told 
too  that  a  daughter  was  at  some  period  married  to  a  Fergusson 
of  Cowal,  and  my  father,  when  in  Argyleshire  in  1685,  was 
told  the  marriage  contract  was  then  extant. 

'  Ballyoukan  that  now  is  has  no  relation  to  the  Baron,  unless 
you  suppose  Thomas  Fergusson  of  Aberdeenshire  to  be  from 
that  stem  ;  which,  though  it  has  often  been  said,  and  may  be 
true,  cannot,  I  believe,  be  instructed.  When  my  grandfather 
was  a  boy,  Ballyoukan  died  leaving  a  daughter  an  only  child. 
At  a  meeting  of  friends,  as  my  grandfather  was  not  of  an  age 
to  marry,  and  his  own  estate  someAvhat  encumbered  as  well 
as  Ballyoukan,  it  was  resolved  and  settled.  That  any  suitable 
young  man  of  the  name  who  had  money  equal  to  the  debts 
upon  Ballyoukan  marrying  the  heiress  should  have  the  estate 
settled  upon  himself  and  his  heirs,  failing  heirs  of  the 
marriage.  The  grandfather  of  Ballyoukan  that  now  is,  a  son 
to  the  Minister  either  of  Crathie  or  Glenmuick,^  had  the 
money,  married  the  heiress  who  had  no  children  to  him  that 
survived  herself ;  he  married  another,  and  their  grandson  now 
enjoys  the  estate.' 

The  MS.  then  proceeds  to  trace  other  families  whose  blood 
flowed  in  the  veins  of  the  Kev.  Adam  Fergusson,  through  his 

^  See  chap.  iv. 


mother,  Margaret  Ogilvy.  The  writer  mentions  that  the  wife 
of  David  Ogilvy,  merchant  in  Leith,  and  second  cousin  to  his 
mother,  '  was  daughter  to  a  Mr.  Fergusson,  a  minister  in 
Aberdeenshire.'  '  You  have,'  he  conchides,  '  no  cousin-german 
in  your  Paternal  line,  as  I  have  no  one  nephew  or  niece,  and 
indeed  scarce  any  near  relation.'  The  MS.  then  deals  with 
the  descent  of  the  author's  wife,  Emily  Menzies.  Another 
hand  has  continued  it,  and  given  the  following  additional 
particulars  of  the  family  : — 

'  The  venerable  author  of  the  preceding  narrative  died 
in  1785,  in  his  81st  year.  He  had  been  a  widower  for 
many  years.  Of  his  Family  four  sons  and  two  daughters 
grew  up.  John,  his  eldest  son,  had  attained  the  rank  of 
captain  in  the  military  service  of  the  East  India  Company, 
Avith  a  very  high  character  as  a  soldier.  After  a  temporary 
visit  to  his  native  land,  in  his  voyage  out  at  the  Cape  of 
Good  Hope  he  was  basely  assassinated  by  an  infamous  fellow 
of  the  name  of  Roche,  who  had  been  expelled  from  the 
Captain's  Table  on  Board  at  Captain  Fergusson's  suggestion, 
on  account  of  improper  conduct.  John  was  on  this  occasion 
accompanied  by  Adam,  his  youngest  brother,  who  had 
obtained  an  appointment  in  India,  and  was  very  soon  cut  off 
by  a  fever  after  reaching  his  destination.  James,  the  second 
son,  was  a  man  of  very  superior  literary  acquirements  :  He 
followed  no  particular  profession,  but  lived  much  on  the 
continent,  where  he  travelled  for  some  years  with  Lord 
Bruce,  son  of  the  Earl  of  Aylesbury,  and  also  with  the 
present  Earl  of  Morton.  He  died  in  middle  life  at  Bath. 
Neil  the  third  became  an  advocate  and  died  Sheriff-Depute 
of  Fife.  Ann,  the  eldest  daughter,  married  the  Rev.  Dr. 
Bisset,  minister  of  Logierait;  and  Vere  died  at  advanced 
asfe  unmarried.  Of  the  sons,  Neil  alone  left  issue.  He 
married  Agnes,  second  daughter  of  Sir  George  Colquhoun  of 
Tilly  he  wen,  Bart.,  then  widow  of  Maurice  Trent  of  PitcuUo,  who 
settled  his  estate  upon  her  having  no  issue.  Ann  left  one  son, 
Robert,  who  distinguished  himself  by  the  Life  of  Burke  and 
several  other  able  productions  ;  he  married  a  Miss  Robinson, 
and  died  in  London,  leaving  two  daughters.  Neil  left  three 
sons   and   three   daughters — Adam,  John,  James,   Rebecca, 



Amelia  Ann,  and  Hannah  Harriet.  The  eldest  son,  Adam, 
was  also  called  to  the  Bar ;  he  married  Jemima,  the  post- 
humous child  of  Major  James  Johnston  of  the  East  India 
Company's  Engineers :  her  mother  the  eldest  daughter  of 
John  Blair  of  Balthayock,  and  now  the  representative  of  that 
Family  from  the  death  of  her  brother.  Major  Blair,  also  of 
the  East  India  Company's  service.  Amelia  Ann,  the  second 
daughter,  was  married  to  John  Eraser,  Esq.  of  Farraline, 
advocate  :  the  others  are  yet  unmarried.' 

Upon  the  stone  in  Greyfriars'  Churchyard,  Edinburgh, 
marking  the  burial-place  of  Neil  Fergusson,  Esq.,  are  recorded 
the  following : — 

Neil  Ferguson,  Esq.,  Advocate,  of  Woodhill,  died  3rd  July  1803. 

Anne  Colquhoun,  his  wife,  died  7  th  August  1812. 
George,  their  son  (aged  8  months),  died  22nd  September  1786. 
Vere,  sister  to  Neil  Ferguson,  died  16th  November  1818. 
Jemima  Johnston  Blair,  wife  of  Adam  Ferguson  of  Woodhill, 

Advocate,  died  14th  April  1824. 
Margaret  Agnes  Patricia,  eldest  child  of  Adam  Ferguson  of 

' Woodhill,  died  11th  February  1823. 
John  Ferguson,  Esq.,  died  30th  June  1847,  aged  56. 
James  Ferguson,  AV.S.,  died  IDth  May  1850,  aged  57. 

It  is  interesting  to  note  that  in  the  Vieiv  of  the  Political 
State  of  Scotland  in  1788  Neil  Ferguson,  Advocate,  appears 
among  the  '  Votes  of  Mr.  Ferguson  of  Pitfour,'  in  Banffshire. 
He  must  have  been  a  Jacobite,  for  the  note  after  his  name  is 
'  Will  not  swear.' 

The  following  letter^  was  written  by  the  minister  of 
Moulin  on  3rd  February  1746,  to  Colonel  Robertson  of 
Drumachine,  of  the  A  thole  Highlanders  : — 

'  Sir, — I  had  information  from  two  different  hands  about 
4  or  5  weeks  since  that  a  party  was  to  be  sent  to  my  house 
from  Blair  or  Logyrate  to  search  or  riffle  at  large :  the 
informers  could  not  distinctly  assure  which  or  if  both.  I 
would  not  allow  myself  to  believe  the  last,  and  had  nothing 
to  object  to  the  narrowest  search.    Nor  could  I  have  excepted 

1  Jacobite  Corresjwndence  of  the  At  hole  Family,  No.  cc. 


to  the  foregoing  of  Horse,  Arms,  Horse  furniture  or  things  of 
that  sort  as  being  a  suspected  person.  But  nothing  happened 
till  yesternight  about  8  o'clock  that  a  party  of  a  serjeant  and 
11  or  12  men  who  first  called  themselves  Brae  Athole  men 
but  afterwards  acknowledged  they  were  Camerons  came  from 
Blair  Athole  where  they  have  been  for  2  or  3  days  before 
alledging  a  written  order  for  violence  against  my  person  and 
effects.  And  indeed  they  exercised  it  upon  both.  They 
did  not  indeed  shew  any  order  and  I  cannot  believe  they  had 
any  such  one  as  they  executed.  They  plundered  and  carried 
off  my  silver  watch,  all  the  money  I  had  (qu^^  was  but  little), 
some  of  the  most  valuable  of  my  wife's  silks  and  other 
clothes,  all  the  best  and  finest  of  our  table  Linnen,  Bed 
Linnen  and  Body  Linnen,  of  all  which  we  were  very  well 
provided.  We  have  not  had  time  yet  to  draw  out  a  note  of 
the  particulars :  only  in  general  my  wife  says  they  have 
carried  off  to  the  value  of  between  £30  and  40  pounds 
sterling.  If  it  is  possible  they  have  had  (I  don't  say  orders) 
but  even  allowance  of  any  general  officer  for  this  behaviour 
I  have  nothing  to  say  and  will  not  complain,  and  if  they  had 
not  I  hope  it  will  not  be  impracticable  to  order  and  enforce 
restitution  of  the  most  valuable  effects,  and  this  I  presume 
will  be  the  easier  effectuated,  that  they  have  I  am  told 
returned  to  Blair.  If  they  had  contented  themselves  with 
what  cheese,  Beef,  Honney,  Ale  and  Whiskey  they  consumed 
and  carried  off',  or  even  with  Body  Linnen,  Shoes,  Stockens 
it  might  have  been  thought  tolerable,  but  to  go  to  the  length 
they  did  showed  an  evil  rapacious  disposition,  and  is  what  I 
am  well  convinced  Locheill  would  as  little  allow  of  or  approve 
as  any  man  alive.  I  am  much  of  opinion  that  no  Protection 
would  have  availed  anything  with  people  in  their  way.  But 
as  they  have  begun  violence  not  only  against  my  effects  but 
person,  I  believe  I  must  apply  and  shall  be  obliged  to  you  for  a 
pass  to  travel  out  of  the  country  to  where  I  may  be  more  safe 
till  the  present  troubles  be  at  an  end.  It  is  like  if  I  am  out  of 
the  way  my  wife  and  children  may  meet  with  some  indulgence 
upon  the  score  of  her  friends,  and  that  they  will  look  more 
after  her  safety.  Whatever  happen  I  hope  I  have  hitherto 
felt  that  God  who  in  his  wise  and  good  Providence  sees  meet 


to  measure  out  to  me  some  share  of  suffering  will  enable  me 
to  bear  them  with  Christian  patience  and  resignation. 

'  I  beg  you  make  my  compliments  acceptable  to  Mrs. 
Robertson  whom  I  heartily  wish  well.  My  wife  who  goes  to 
make  her  moan  to  the  Duke  of  Athole  and  you  will  deliver 
her  own  to  your  Lady,  and  I  am  with  sincere  esteem  and 
affection,  Sir,  your  most  humble  servant, 

'  Adam  Fergusson.' 

Moulin,  Feh.  3«Z,  174G. 

'  P.S. — There  was  upwards  of  10  ells  uncut  Cambrick  and 
several  other  things  not  named  carried  off'  in  the  plunder.' 

Fergusson  of  Easter  Dalnahrech. 

It  has  been  seen  that  a  Robert  Fergusson  was  '  in  Wester 
Dalnabreck'  in  1620,  In  1744  Thomas  Fergusson  in  Perth, 
son  of  Donald  Fergusson  '  in  Easter  Dalnabreck,'  was  served 
heir  of  his  brother  Donald.^  The  following  particulars  as  to 
the  family  of  Easter  Dalnabreck  have  been  taken  down  from 
the  Rev.  Donald  Fergusson,  formerly  minister  of  the  Free 
Church  at  Leven,  Fife,  and  resident  in  1895  at  Glencairn 
House,  Criefli'. 

The  first  of  the  stock,  afterwards  '  of  Easter  Dalnabreck,' 
was  a  Donald  Fergusson  (great-grandfather  or  great-great- 
grandfather of  the  Rev.  Donald  Fergusson),  who  is  said  to 
have  quitted  his  own  country,  near  Pitlochry,  on  account  of  '  a 
rather  too  free  use  of  the  dirk,'  and  to  have  settled  at  Ennoch, 
on  the  lands  of  the  Blackwater,  in  Glenshee.  Either  he  or 
another  Donald  was  the  father  of  Charles  Fergusson  who 
acquired  the  property  of  Easter  Dalnabreck.  His  son,  also 
a  Charles  Fergusson,  had  six  children. 

1.  May,  married  James  Reid,  and  had  issue. 

2.  James  Fergusson,  a  clergyman  in  London, died  unmarried. 

3.  Bathia,  died  unmarried. 

4.  John  Fergusson. 

5.  William  Fergusson,  died  unmarried. 

6.  Donald  Fergusson. 

John  Fergusson,  the  second  son  of  Charles  Fergusson  of 

1  Notes  by  the  late  R.  R.  Stodart. 


Easter  Dalnabreck,  settled  in  Western  Australia,  and  became 
Government  Medical  Officer  at  Perth.  He  married  Isabel 
Maxwell,  and  lias,  with  other  issue : — 

1.  John  Maxwell  Fergusson,  who  married  his  cousin,  Grace 

Osfilvie  Fergusson,  daus^hter  of  the  Rev.  Donald  Fer- 

2.  Charles    Fergusson,   resident    at    Horton,   near   Perth, 

Western  Australia,  and  has  issue. 
Donald  Fergusson,  the  youngest  son  of  Charles  Fergusson 
of  Easter  Dalnabreck,  for  long  minister  of  the  Free  Church 

at  Leven,  married,  first, ,  daughter  of  Colonel  William 

Balfour,  82nd  Regiment,  of  the  family  of  Balfour  of  Trenaby, 
and  has,  with  other  issue : — 

1.  Charles  Balfour  Fergusson,  resident  in  Calcutta. 

2.  William  Balfour  Fergusson,  M.D.,  Painswick,  Gloucester- 

shire, married,  and  has  issue. 

3.  John  Moore  Fergusson  (so  called  owing  to  a  connection 

through  his  mother  with  Sir  John  Moore,  the  hero  of 
Corunna),  minister  of  the  English  Presbyterian  Church, 
Woolwich,  married,  and  has  issue. 

4.  Grace  Ogilvie,  married  her  cousin,  J.  M.  Ferguson. 

The  Rev.  Donald  Fergusson  married,  secondly,  in  1882, 
Marie  Wilhelraina  Henrietta  Pauline,  elder  daughter  and  co- 
heir of  Colonel  Louis  von  Corvin  Wierbitzkij,i  p^nssian  Royal 
Artillery,  and  Pauline,  his  wife,  nee  Baroness  Knobelsdorfi*, 
and  widow  of  the  Rev.  Robert  Lundin  Brown,  minister  of  the 
Free  Church  at  Largo,  Fife. 

^  This  Prussian  family  boasts  a  unique  descent.  Sprung  through  soldiers 
who  fought  at  Waterloo  and  Kollin,  from  a  branch— settled  in  Poland  after 
the  persecutions  of  the  early  Reformation — of  the  great  Hungarian  house  of 
Corvin,  which  produced  John  Hunyadi  and  King  Mathias  Corvinus,  the 
national  heroes  of  the  Magyar  race,  it  carries  its  traditionary  origin  through 
the  Roman  governors  of  the  Danubian  provinces  to  the  patrician  gens  which 
owed  its  surname  to  the  classic  combat  of  Marcus  Valerius  Corvinus  with  the 
Gallic  Goliath  who  had  challenged  the  chivalry  of  Rome,  in  B.C.  358.  Its 
shield  combines  the  hoi'seshoe,  granted  by  John  Sobieski  to  the  knights 
who  rode  with  him  to  the  succour  of  Vienna  against  the  Ottoman  infidel, 
with  the  raven  that  records  the  winged  aid  sent  by  the  gods  of  Rome  to 
equalise  the  odds  in  favour  of  the  gigantic  barbarian.  Mrs.  Fergusson's  only 
sister  married  Eberhard  von  Leukanos,  Lord  of  Schrine,  in  Silesia,  and  has 

Section  VII 


Rev.  Adam  Fergusson,  Minister  of  Logierait,  Professor 
Adam  Ferguson,  and  their  descendants. 

Another  branch  of  the  Perthshire  Fergussons  was  that 
descended  through  the  minister  of  Logierait  from  the  parent 
stock  of  Dunfallandy,  which  claims  as  its  own  the  strong 
Scotch  character,  the  philosof)hic  inind,  and  the  literary 
genius  of  the  historian  of  the  Roman  Republic.  In  a  letter 
written  by  Sir  Adam  Ferguson  in  1848,  he  states  that  his 
grandfather,  '  the  Minister  of  Logierait,  was  a  younger  son  of 
the  Laird  of  Dunfallandy  (styled  Baron  Ferguson)  also  in 
Athole.'  The  connection,  however,  with  '  the  stem '  of  Baron 
Fergusson  apjaears,  both  from  the  minister  of  Logierait's  and 
the  minister  of  Moulin's  mss.,  to  date  much  further  back. 

On  account  of  the  eminence  in  the  learned  world  and  the 
famous  circle  of  Edinburgh  men  of  letters  of  Professor  Adam 
Ferguson,  and  the  close  association  of  his  family  with  the 
home  life  of  Sir  Walter  Scott  at  Abbotsford,  a  special  interest 
attaches  to  this  branch  of  the  '  sons  of  Fergus.'  Through  the 
assistance  of  its  present  representative,  Mr.  Robert  N.  R. 
Ferguson  of  the  Treasury,  Ave  are  enabled  to  give  some  most 
interesting  extracts  from  their  correspondence,  and  a  series 
of  delightful  short  biographies  of  his  '  forebears '  written  for 
these  Records  by  himself.  The  account  of  this  family  will 
therefore  embrace — 

1.  A  brief  Genealogy,  compiled  from  a  Genealogical  Table 

prepared  by  Mr.  R.  N.  R.  Ferguson. 

2.  A  Notice  of  and  Extracts  from  an  Autobiographical  MS. 

written  by  the  Minister  of  Logierait. 



3.  Mr.  Robert  N.  R.  Ferguson's  Memoirs  of — 

1.  Professor  Adam  Ferguson. 

2.  His  elder  brother,  Robert. 

3.  Robert  (Bob),  son  of  No.  2. 

4.  Capt.  Joseph  Ferguson,  second  son  of  the  Professor. 

5.  Sir  Adam  Ferguson,  and  the  family  at  Huntly- 


6.  Robert  Ferguson,  M.D. 

7.  Letters  from  the  Huntlyburn  Family. 

Genealogy  of  descendants  of  Rev.  Adam  Fergiisson 
of  Logierait. 

I.  Adam  Fergusson  (1672-1754),  minister  of  Logierait, 
married,  in  1705,  Mary  Gordon  of  Hallhead,  and  had 
issue — 

1.  Mary,  born    1706.      She   married,  in    1726,  Duncan 

Stewart  of  Blackhill  (ninth  in  descent  from  John 
Stewart  of  Fothergill  and  Garth,  1455),  second  son 
of  the  Reverend  Robert  Stewart,  minister  of  Killin, 
1679-1729.  Their  son,  Adam  Stewart,  married 
Helen,  daughter  of  John  Hepburn  of  Coquhalzie, 
and  their  daughter,  Helen  Hepburn,  married  James 
Stewart  of  Edradynate,  grandson  of  Robert  Stewart 
of  Derculich,  younger  brother  of  the  said  Duncan 
Stewart  of  Blackhill.^  Mary  Fergusson  or  Stewart 
died  at  Coupar- Angus. 

2.  Charles,  born  1708 ;  died  1743,  at  Port  Royal,  Jamaica. 

3.  Anna,  born  and  died  1710. 

4.  Alexander,  born  1711 ;  left  two  daughters,  who  lived 

at  Coupar- Angus. 

5.  John,  born  1713,  died  1724. 

6.  Janet,  born  1715  ;  married  Thos.  Wilkie  (of  Foulden). 

Their  daughter,  Janet  Wilkie,  married  William 
Watson  of  Auchtertyre,  and  their  son,  Hugh  Wat- 
son of  Keillor,  was  father  of  Janet  Watson  (great- 
grand-daughter  of  Janet  Fergusson),  who  married 
S.  R.  Fergusson  of  Middlehaugh.^ 

^  Note  communicated  by  James  Stewart  Robertson,  Esq.  of  Edradynate. 
^  Note  by  Mrs,  Fergusson  of  Middlehaugh. 


7.  Patrick,  bom  1717,  died  1747,  at  Port  Royal,  Jamaica. 

8.  Robert,  1719-1797. 

9.  Adam,  1723-1816. 

II.  Robert  Ferguson,  the  eldest  surviving  son,  resident  in 
America,  and  latterly  at  Perth,  left  a  son, 

III.  Robert  Ferguson  ('  Bob '),  who  died  in  1830,  having  had 

three  children — 

1.  Robert  Ferguson,  M.D. 

2.  Mary   Anne,  married,   first,  Mr.    Edge,   and  second, 

Rev.  Alex.   N.   C.   Dallas,   leaving   issue  by  both 

3.  Catherine,  married   James   Cary,  D.D.,  son    of   the 

translator  of  Dante,  and  left  issue. 

IV.  Robert  Ferguson,  M.D.,  born  1799,  died  1865,  married, 

first,  Cecilia  Labalmondiere,  by  whom  he  had  no  issue, 
who  died  in  1842  ;  and  second,  Mary  MacLeod  (of 
MacLeod),  daughter  of  MacLeod  of  MacLeod.  She 
died  1884.     Their  children  are — 

1.  Mary  Roma.     Married  Col.  H.  C.  B.  Farrant,  Loyal 

North  Lancashire  (81st)  Regiment,  and  has  issue. 

2.  Robert  Norman  Ronald. 

3.  Marion  Cecil,  unmarried. 

4.  Harold  Stuart. 

5.  Robert  Henry  Bruce,  born  1854,  unmarried. 

V.  Robert  Norman  Ronald  Ferguson,  born  1848,  married 
Rose  G.  Cumberbatch,  daughter  of  Laurence  Cumber- 
batch,  M.D.,  and  has  issue — 

1.  (vi.)  Ronald  Torquil. 

2.  Roma. 

3.  Rachel. 

V.  Harold  Stuart  Ferguson,  younger  son  of  Robert  Fergu- 
son, M.D.  (iv),  born  1850,  married  Isabel  Maxwell, 
niece  of  Field-Marshal  Lord  Roberts,  and  has  issue — 

1.  Robert. 

2.  Stuart. 

3.  Adam. 

11.  Adam.  Ferguson,  younger  son  of  the  Rev.  Adam  Fergus- 
son  of  Logierait,  Professor  of  Moral  Philosophy  in  the 


University  of  Edinburgh,  married  Katy  Burnet,  who 
died  1795,  and  had  issue — 

1.  Sir  Adam  Ferguson,  born  1770,  Depute-Keeper  of  the 

Regaha  of  Scotland,  married  Margaret,  daughter 
of  John  Stuart  of  Stenton,  had  no  issue  and  died 
in  1854. 

2.  Joseph,  died  in  1799  unmarried. 

3.  Col.  James  Ferguson,  died  in  1859  unmarried. 

4.  Admiral  John  Ferguson,  R.N.,  deceased. 

5.  Maro^aret,  died  unmarried. 

6.  Isabel,  died  unmarried,  24th  December  1880. 

7.  Mary,  died  unmarried,  January  1829. 

Ill,  Admiral  John  Ferguson,  R.N.,  youngest  son  of  Professor 

Adam  Feryuson,  born  in  1784,  and  died  1855,  married 

Elizabeth  Lauder  Guild,  who  died  in  1894.     They  had 

one  son, 

(iv.)  Captain  Adam  Ferguson  (42nd  Royal  Highlanders, 

the  Black  Watch),  born  1836,  and  died  unmarried 


il/iS'.  Narrative  by  Rev.  Adam  Fergusson,  Minister 
of  Logierait. 
In  1867  there  w^as  extant  a  ms.  memoir,  written  by  the 
Rev.  Adam  Fergusson,  minister  of  Logierait,  whose  son 
Adam  became  the  distinguished  professor,  philosopher,  and 
historian.  It  was  referred  to  and  extracts  given  from  it  in  an 
article  on  Professor  Adam  Ferguson,  which  aj^peared  in  the 
Edinburgh  Review  of  January  1867,  and  is  thus  described 
by  the  author  of  that  article : — '  Old  Mr.  Fergusson  at  a  very 
advanced  age  drcAv  up  a  little  memoir  of  his  life,  rambling 
and  garrulous  to  the  last  degree,  but  full  of  interest,  not  only 
from  the  family  information  which  it  supplies  and  the  indica- 
tions which  it  affords  of  hereditary  peculiarities,  but  from 
the  light  it  casts  on  the  social  condition,  and  in  one  or  two 
instances  even  on  the  public  history  of  Scotland,  in  the  end 
of  the  seventeenth  and  beginning  of  the  eighteenth  century. 
A  copy  of  this  curious  autobiographical  morsel  formed  part 
of  the  valuable  MS.  collection  of  the  late  Principal  Lee,  to 
whose  son  we  are  indebted  for  its  use.  .  .  .  The  sturdy  truth- 


fulness  of  the  son's  character  is  apparent  in  every  line  the 
father  has  written  .  .  .  and  the  discovery  of  this  humble  MS. 
is  a  positive  gain  for  the  history  of  many  questions  which 
still  agitate  public  opinion  in  Scotland.  In  anticipation  of 
its  publication,  which  we  understand  is  contemplated,  we 
shall  cull  a  few  extracts.'  Every  effort  has  been  made  by 
communication  with  the  relatives  of  Principal  Lee,  with  Mr. 
David  Douglas,  in  whose  hands  the  MS.  at  one  time  was,  and 
who  has  confirmed  the  statement  that  its  publication  was 
intended,  but  recollects  that  it  was  sent  to  a  member  of  the 
author's  family,  then  resident  in  London,  and  with  Mr.  R.  N. 
Ferguson,  now  the  representative  of  Professor  Adam  Fergu- 
son, to  trace  this  ms.  with  the  view  of  including  it  verbatim 
in  this  volume.  Unfortunately  these  efforts  have  not  been 
successful,  and  it  only  remains  to  reproduce  the  extracts  and 
account  of  the  ms.  fortunately  preserved  in  the  pages  of  the 
Edinhargh  Review. 

In  Small's  Memoir  of  Professor  Adam  Ferguson  (printed 
in  the  Transactions  of  the  Royal  Society  of  Edinburgh,  vol. 
xxiii.  p.  599),  it  is  stated  that  '  His  father  was  descended  from 
an  old  and  respectable  family  in  A  thole,  to  whom  the  estate 
of  Dunfallandy  yet  pertains ;  and  his  mother  was  the 
daughter  of  Mr.  Gordon  of  Hallhead,  in  the  county  of  Aber- 
deen.' In  the  female  line,  Ferguson  traced  a  connection  with 
the  noble  family  of  Argyll,  thus  referred  to  in  a  letter 
addressed  to  him  by  Dr.  Carlyle  of  Inveresk :  'I  am  descended 
from  the  Queensberry  family  by  two  great-grandmothers, 
nmch  at  the  same  distance  as  you  are  from  that  of  Argyll.' 
We  now  proceed  to  give  the  extracts  from  the  minister  of 
Logierait's  ms.,  preserved  in  the  Edinhwrgh  Review.  He 
speaks  of  himself  throughout  in  the  third  person,  and  spells 
his  name  with  a  double  .s,  whereas  his  son  only  uses  a  single. 
He  dropjDed  the  other  on  the  ground  that  it  was  unnecessary, 
and  therefore  unworthy  of  a  philosopher. 

'  He  was  born,'  writes  the  minister  of  himself,  '  of  poor  but 
honest  religious  parents  at  the  Bridge-end  of  Gernoch,  near 
Faskelie  in  the  parish  of  Moulin  in  Athol,  upon  the  4tli 
day  of  August  1672 ;  being  the  third  child  of  Laurence  Fer- 
gusson  and  Janet  Fergusson.  ...  In  a  year  or  two  after  his 


birtli  his  parents  being  through  a  dearth  then  prevailing 
unable  to  pay  their  rent  did  remove  to  Moulin,  where  his 
father's  predecessors  lived  for  several  generations,  practising 
the  smith  trade  in  very  good  reputation  ;  the  first  of  whom 
was  called  John,  son  of  Fergusson  of  Urumachoir,  who  was  at 
the  battle  of  Pinkie,  and  relieved  Stuart  of  Balnakeilie  from 
five  Ensrlishmen  that  were  assaulting  him,  and  gave  occasion 
for  great  friendship  between  their  posterity.' 

Among  youthful  sins  with  which  the  old  minister  re- 
proached himself  were  '  Sabbath  profanations,  staying  from 
ordinances,  and  following  diversions,'  in  connection  with  which 
he  tells  this  anecdote. 

'  Having  one  Lord's  day  dressed  up  a  stick  in  imitation  of 
a  fiddle,  and  rubbing  the  strings  with  a  bow  for  his  diversion 
while  his  parents  were  at  church,  his  sister  Janet,  a  prudent 
discreet  girl  about  twelve  years  of  age,  did  challenge  him 
that  it  w\as  wickedness  that  ought  not  to  be  done,  entreating 
him  to  forbear  it.  He  scornfully  replied  that  he  would  not 
forbear,  because  he  never  could  get  his  fiddle  to  play  so  well 
on  any  other  day.  The  religious  girl  assured  him  that  the 
reason  of  that  was  because  the  devil  unseen  did  assist  him  to 
sin  against  God :  which  had  deep  impression  on  him,  so  as 
he  never  forgot  it.' 

The  future  minister  records  that  he  was  '  given  to  lying  to 
excuse  his  ill-natured  tricks,  swearing  and  cursing  to  frighten 
his  school-fellows  with  whom  he  was  often  in  quarrels  and 
blows.'  Being  however,  when  a  student  at  St.  Andrews, 
invited  to  the  house  of  one  of  the  regents  one  Sunday  morn- 
ing, a  conversation  took  j^lace  about  classes  and  bursaries, 
Avhen : — 

'  At  the  time  of  this  communing,  Mr.  David  Magill  (the 
Regent)  took  out  of  his  pocket  a  large  piece  of  roll-tobacco, 
and  called  for  (as)  his  servant  one  of  the  students,  and 
ordered  him  to  the  kitchen  to  dry  and  grind  it  to  snuff. 
This  was  a  great  offence  to  Adam,  who  thought  his  own 
illiberal  father  a  better  christian  than  Mr.  Magill  who  was  a 
preacher,  because  he  had  seen  his  father  frequently  refuse  to 
take  sneezen  from  persons  that  he  suspected  to  have  prepared 
it  on  the  Lord's  day.' 



Adam  was  sent  to  the  parish  school  at  Moulin.  His  first 
teacher  'possessed  no  skill  of  the  Latin  tongue  further 
than  the  declinations  and  conjugations,  at  which  he  was 
very  deficient,'  and  from  his  description  of  the  punishments 
inflicted.  Dr.  Lee  was  able  to  infer — '  it  appears  that  in  1680 
little  boys  wore  breeches  in  that  part  of  the  Highlands.' 
However,  'About  the  beginning  of  November  1683  Mr. 
William  Balneaves,  the  minister  of  the  parish,  having  got 
notice  that  one  Duncan  Menzies,  an  Apin  of  Dull  lad,  who 
had  passed  his  course  of  philosophy  in  the  old  town  college  of 
Aberdeen,  was  in  the  family  of  Gordon  of  Abergeldie  in  Mar, 
sent  express  for  him,  and  he  was  admitted  schoolmaster  at 
Moulin.  Adie  out  of  curiosity  going  on  a  day  to  see  his  old 
comrades  at  school,  who  had  been  two  years  before  at  other 
schools  out  of  the  country,  one  of  them  said  to  him  "Dis- 
cumhe  "  which  he  did  not  understand ;  and  this  begot  in  him 
an  eager  desire  and  resolution  to  go  to  school  again,  which  he 
did  communicate  to  his  father,  who,  with  a  frown  told  him 
he  ought  not  to  think  of  that,  being  too  far  advanced  in  years 
to  begin  to  learn  Latin.  But  the  boy  would  not  be  diverted. 
His  father  alloAved  him  to  enter  the  school  of  Moulin  the  first 
Monday  of  the  year  1684,  where  he  soon  went  through  the 
declinations  and  conj  ugations  of  which  he  had  some  know- 
ledge before.  Duncan  Menzies  advanced  him  according  to 
his  capacity,  and  in  the  month  of  May  following  he  came  up 
with  those  who  for  two  years  before  were  at  other  schools  to 
learn  Dispanter's  grammar.  Thus  he  continued  at  the  Latin 
for  four  years,  in  the  last  of  which  Lord  George  Murray, 
youngest  son  of  the  Marquis  of  Athole,  was  sent  to  the  school 
of  Moulin :  with  whom  Adic  contracted  great  familiarity, 
treating  him  with  more  regard  than  any  other  scholar,  which 
procured  him  envy  and  hatred  from  his  former  comrades. 
But  to  compensate  that  disadvantage  he  got  great  benefit 
from  Lord  George's  familiarity  by  learning  from  him  to  speak 
the  English  language,  which  he  understood  from  his  mother, 
who  was  daughter  to  the  famous  Earl  of  Derby.  Lord  George 
was  a  healthy  sprightly  boy.  They  both  in  an  afternoon 
in  a  very  private  place  made  signs  with  their  hands  and  fin- 
gers for  all  the  letters  of  the  alphabet  so  exactly,  that  by 


spelling  words  they  could  communicate  their  thoughts  in 
company  without  the  perception  of  any  other,  Avhich  was  ver}' 
prejudicial  to  Lord  George's  studies.  For  when  the  master 
examined  him,  Adie  was  sure  to  stand  opposite  to  him,  and 
Avith  his  fingers  spelled  the  answer  to  be  given  to  every  ques- 
tion, which  made  him  neglect  to  read  his  lesson.' 

To  procure  for  his  master  the  certificates  which  were 
necessary  to  enable  him  to  graduate  at  St.  Andrews, 
'Adie'  made  a  journey  on  foot  to  Aberdeen  in  1687,  of 
which  he  says  : — 

'  He  was  much  caressed  by  the  honest  women  in  whose 
houses  he  had  occasion  to  lodge,  who  reckoned  his  mother 
unnaturally  hard-hearted  for  suffering  so  young  a  boy  to  go 
such  a  journey.  In  all  the  way  he  paid  nothing  for  meat,  and 
very  little  drink  sufficed  him  ;  all  his  charges  in  going  three- 
score and  four  miles  was  11/  Scots,  and  in  his  return  his 
charges  were  scarce  as  much,  which  gave  him  a  very  favour- 
able opinion  of  the  people  of  that  country,  and  made  him 
treat  them  in  a  friendly  manner  whenever  he  had  occasion 
to  meet  with  any  of  them.' 

The  following  year  he  again  went  to  Aberdeen  to  compete 
for  a  bursary,  carrying  two  letters  of  recommendation,  one 
from  Mr.  Balneaves,  the  minister,  to  George  Halyburton, 
Bishop  of  Aberdeen,  and  the  other  from  Mr.  Menzies  to  Mr. 
Alexander  Mitchell,  one  of  the  ministers  whom  the  bishop 
had  ejected  from  his  living  for  refusing  to  take  the  Test.  Mr. 
Mitchell  '  entertained  him  at  his  house  all  the  time  he  stayed 
in  Aberdeen,  performing  such  parts  of  trial  as  were  pre- 
scribed to  him,'  but  declined  to  introduce  him  to  the  bishop : 
'  Yet  the  worthy  man  was  so  kind  as  to  accompany  him  to 
Old  Aberdeen,  got  Mr.  George  Eraser  the  sub-principal  to 
introduce  him  to  the  Bishop,  who  was  then  at  Aberdeen 
keeping  a  Synod,  where  he  observed  King  James  vii.'s  birth- 
day on  the  14th  of  October  in  a  very  pompous  manner,  going 
from  the  divine  worship  at  church  to  the  bonfire  at  the 
cross,  singing  psalms  all  the  way,  which  gave  great  offence  to 
serious  tender-hearted  christians,  and  was  indeed  the  last 
parade  that  profane  prelate  appeared  in  at  that  place ;  for  in 
April  thereafter  the  Convention  of  Estates,  having  declared 


for  the  Prince  of  Orange,  did  set  him  and  all  other  Scotch 
prelates  aside  for  a  very  flattering  address  they  sent  to  King 
James  in  November  before.' 

Fergusson  failed  to  obtain  the  bursary,  and  was  ultimately 
sent  to  St.  Andrews. 

'  His  attempt  at  Aberdeen  (he  says)  made  him  talked  of 
among  his  father's  acquaintances,  by  which  means  Mr.  Pat- 
rick Balneaves,  merchant  in  Dundee,  and  brother  of  Mr.  Bal- 
neaves  minister  at  Moulin,  did  take  occasion  to  recommend 
him  to  Mr.  David  Fergusson,  minister  at  Strathmartin  in 
Angus.  He  was  great-grandchild  to  David  Fergusson, 
minister  at  Dunfermline,  in  King  James  the  Sixth's  time,  and 
had  a  considerable  stock  in  money,  but  had  no  child  to  enjoy 
it  except  a  brother's  daughter ;  and  being  very  clannish,  he 
was  nuich  inclined  to  be  beneficial  to  any  of  the  name  of 
Fergusson  that  was  thought  capable  of  a  liberal  education, 
especially  after  his  only  son  was  lost  on  the  ice  in  the  North 
Loch  at  Edinburgh.' 

Adam  Fergusson  then  gives  an  account  of  the  manner  in 
which  the  influence  of  Mr.  David  Fergusson  was  exerted  on 
his  behalf,  and  adds  :— 

'  The  regent  under  whose  inspection  Adam  happened  to  be, 
was  one  Mr.  John  Row,  son  of  the  minister  at  Ceres,  who  was 
grandchild  by  his  mother  to  David  Fergusson,  minister  at 
Dunfermline.  He  did  reckon  Adam  his  relation  in  that  way, 
and  was  kind  and  careful  about  him.  LTnder  him  Adam 
made  good  proficiency  in  the  parts  of  philosojDhy  that  he 
taught,  and  was  with  great  applause  honoured  with  the 
degree  of  Master  of  Arts  upon  the  21st  day  of  July  1698.' 

He  also  mentions  that  when  he  entered  the  Greek  class, 
which  was  '  taken  up  that  year  by  Mr.  William  Conrie, 
Resrent  of  St.  Leonard's  College,  whose  mother  was  of  the 
name  of  Fergusson,'  he  too  on  that  account '  was  very  careful 
about  Adam  who  by  his  pains  and  diligence  pleased  him 

The  MS.  shoAvs  that  the  principal  at  St.  Andrews  dined 
daily  in  the  hall,  and  that  the  students  wore  their  gowns  at 
table,  and  preserves  an  anecdote,  '  characteristic  in  other 
respects  of  the  Scotland  of  these  days.' 


The  natural  son  of  Mr.  Nairn  of  Kirkhill  had  been 
presented  to  the  bursary  Fergusson's  friends  were  trying 
to  procure  for  him,  and  they  remonstrated  with  the 

'  The  same  day  when  the  principal  came  to  the  hall  to 
dinner  he  came  and  took  hold  of  Thomas  Nairn  by  the  neck 
of  his  gown,  and  with  a  stern  countenance  said,  "  Rise  up, 
you  Babylonish  child,  and  let  Adam  Fergusson,  the  lawful 
child  of  an  honest  man,  sit  in  that  place,"  which  was  im- 
mediately performed.  Yet  he  gave  Thomas  Nairn  a  better 
place,  making  him  his  own  portioner,  and  the  students  called 
him  "  Tom  Babylon."  ' 

In  the  summer  of  1690  all  the  masters  of  the  colleges 
'  adhering  to  King  James  his  interest  except  Mr.  John 
Munroe  in  St.  Leonard's  College,  were  deprived  and  turned 
out ;  and  masters  of  the  Presbyterian  party  were  settled  in 
their  place.' 

After  takinof  his  desfree  Adam  Fergusson  succeeded 
Duncan  Menzies  as  parish  schoolmaster  of  Moulin — to  which 
time  must  probably  be  referred  Small's  statement  that  '  he 
was  long  remembered  with  gratitude  for  having  sheltered  in 
his  Manse  of  Grathie  (sw)  some  of  the  unfortunate  Mac- 
donalds  on  their  flight  from  the  treacherous  massacre  of 
Glencoe.'  It  is  also  interesting  to  note  that  he  was  tutor 
in  the  family  of  Sir  Robert  Laurie  of  Maxwellton,  whose 
daughter, '  Bonnie  Annie  Laurie,'  married  Fergusson  of  Craig- 
darroch,  and  on  25th  September  1700  was  ordained  Minister 
at  Crathie  in  Braemar.  He  thus  accounts  for  one  change  of 
residence : — 

'  The  school  (at  Moulin)  being  numerous  he  was  obliged 
to  undergo  a  vast  fatigue,  by  which  he  was  brought  so  low 
that  he  was  threatened  with  a  decay  to  which  the  following 
event  did  greatly  contribute.  He  happened  to  fall  into  the 
acquaintance  of  a  young  beautiful  widow,  and  had  frequent 
opportunities  to  converse  with  her  as  a  person  much  inclined 
to  piety,  which  had  such  effects  that  he  became  deeply  in 
love  with  her.  He  saw  the  folly  of  it  and  used  his  reason 
against  it.  But  the  passion  stifled  reason  and  was  fed  by  her 
entertaining  it,  though  he  never  told  her  anything  about 


it,  and  she  discovered  lier  affection  for  liim  by  frequently 
advising  liini  to  apply  to  his  studies,  and  make  haste  to  pass 
trials  for  the  ministrj^  But  blind  as  he  was,  he  saw  that 
such  an  affair  ought  to  be  pursued  from  other  motives  and 
from  another  end  than  taking  a  wife,  though  never  so  much 
beloved.  Finding  himself  entangled  he  saw  there  was  no 
way  to  evite  death  or  ruin  by  continuing  (if  he  continued) 
in  the  country.  He  therefore  resolved  to  remove  at  (to) 
some  distance  from  his  beloved  widow;  and  to  excuse  his 
resolution  to  the  parish  of  Moulin,  he  pretended  that  he  was 
to  be  provided  for  in  a  more  easy  station,  and  fitter  for 

making  progress  in  his  studies.     Yet  upon  Mrs. asking 

whither  he  was  to  go  when  he  was  taking  leave  of  her,  he 
plainly  told  her  that  "  he  did  not  know  v/here  he  was  going, 
— that  he  was  like  Jacob  going  over  Jordan  with  a  staff'  in 
his  hand  depending  on  the  direction  of  Providence."  Then 
she  being  of  a  lively  and  religious  temper  did  quickly 
embrace  him,  "  The  God  of  Jacob  take  care  of  you,"  and  so 
left.  His  friends  and  the  parish  were  most  unwilling  to  let 
him  away,  and  offered  to  raise  a  salary  for  him.  But  he 
vigorously  resisted  that  snare,  though  he  was  very  uneasy 
for  leaving  his  passionately  beloved  widow,  who  soon  after 
was  married  to  a  gentleman  who  had  an  income  to  make  her 
live.  Yet  Adam  retained  an  honourable  affection  for  her  for 
the  space  of  sixty  years.' 

At  Crathie  Mr.  Fergusson  ministered  for  14  years  with 
'  comfortable  success,'  and  was  then  translated  to  Logierait 
on  the  presentation  of  the  Duke  of  Athole,  having  previously 
stipulated  to  obtain  a  call,  or  at  least  a  letter,  from  heritors 
and  people  to  declare  their  inclinations  to  have  him  to  be 
their  pastor.  '  Though,'  says  Dr.  Lee,  '  at  the  period  of  his 
induction  the  parishioners  were  almost  universally  hostile  to 
Presbyterian  principles  he  speedily  secured  the  respect  and 
admiration  of  all  ranks.' 

A  portion  of  the  ms.  is  here  wanting,  and  it  is  left  un- 
finished. But  the  concluding  pages  contain  an  interesting 
account  of  a  conversation  with  the  Earl  of  Mar,  leader  of  the 
rising  of  1715.  In  September  1715  Mar  left  his  army  at 
Moulin  and  came  to  Logierait  to  meet  the  Earl  of  Breadalbane. 


'  While  lie  Avas  there  he  called  for  Mr.  Fergusson,  being  of 
his  acquaintance  while  he  lived  in  Mar,  He  applauded  him 
for  his  prudence  for  not  leaving  the  place  on  his  coming  to 
it,  as  some  of  his  brethren  had  done  in  other  places,  and  told 
him  that  in  England  there  was  a  full  design  to  call  home 
the  King,  that  Lord  North  and  Grey  was  at  the  head  of 
10,000  horse,  that  loyalty  was  hereditary  in  his  family,  and 
that  none  of  his  predecessors  was  more  inclined  to  it  than 
himself,  although  the  state  of  affairs  did  not  allow  him  an 
opportunity  to  declare  it  till  the  present  time,  that  offered 
so  fair  to  break  the  union  with  England  and  get  other 
grievances  oppressive  to  Scotland  redressed.  To  all  this  Mr. 
Fergusson  replied  that  he  did  wish  his  family  well,  but  was 
doubtful  the  means  he  was  to  use  would  in  no  way  contribute 
to  its  support.  As  he  was  going  away  the  Earl  told  him 
since  he  had  the  King's  commission  for  being  general  of  his 
forces  in  Scotland  (which  was  not  the  case)  he  would  not 
allow  him  to  preach  the  next  day,  nor  be  his  hearer,  unless 
he  would  promise  to  pray  for  the  King.  Mr.  Ferguson  assured 
him  his  lordshijD  should  not  have  occasion  to  be  absent  from 
the  public  worship  on  that  account,  since  he  always  prayed 
for  the  King.  Then  the  Earl  told  him  he  meant  King  James. 
Mr,  Fergusson  replied  he  did  not  know  any  such  King. 
Then  his  Lordship  said  that  he  was  our  natural  Prince,  and 
that  he  had  no  orders  from  him  to  use  any  rigour  to  the 
Presbyterians,  but  on  the  contrary  to  assure  them  that  it  was 
in  their  power  to  secure  the  continuing  of  the  government  of 
the  Church  of  Scotland.  To  which  Mr.  Fergusson  said  that 
he  believed  that  might  be  on  the  condition  that  they  would 
countenance  his  undertaking.  Just  so,  saith  he.  Then  Mr. 
Fergusson  assured  him  that  all  Presbyterians  in  Scotland 
were  so  deeply  engaged  on  the  opposite  side,  that  he  believed, 
yea  was  sure,  they  would  venture  their  all  upon  it.  Then 
the  Earl  said  they  were  great  fools  and  would  certainly  ruin 
themselves ;  and  said  he  would  employ  another  to  preach 
next  day  in  the  kirk  of  Logierait  who  should  pray  for  the 
King  and  success  to  his  arms.  To  Avhich  Mr.  Fergusson 
replied  that  that  was  in  his  power,  because  he  had  armed 
men   to  assist  him;   but  he  hoped  he  would  employ  the 



Lord's  day  as  religiously  as  possible,  which  he  did  by  going 
to  Moulin  where  he  preached.' 

The  MS.  terminates  in  1715. 

The  following  extracts  from  the  Kirk  Session  Records  of 
Logierait  have  been  kindly  communicated  by  the  Rev.  Mr. 
Meldrum,  present  minister  of  the  parish  : — 

Jan.  5,  1640.  'The  Elders  of  the  Parochine  were  chosen, 
17  in  number,  etc.  In  the  number  is  "  W'"- Fergusone  of 
Balleuchane." ' 

1650.  In  a  list  of  Elders  on  the  fly-leaf  of  an  old  Register 
in  this  year  are  the  names — '  Robert  Fergussoune  of  Dun- 
fallandies ;  Donald  Fergussoune,  portioner  in  Dalshian ; 
Alex'"-  Fergussoune  of  Belleuchane.' 

N.B. — '  Balleuchane  or  Belleuchane '  is  at  the  present  day 
sj)elt  '  Bally euken.' 

1757,  Dec.  4.  In  a  list  of  Elders  of  this  date  is  '  Finlay 
Fergusson  of  Middlehaugh.' 

117S,  May  16.     ...  '  James  Fergusson  in  Dunfallendie.' 
At  Heritors'  Meetings  in  the  middle  of  last  century  '  Baron 
Fergusson  of  Dunfallandy  '  was  either  present  or  represented 
by  an  agent. 

The  Rev.  Adam  Fergusson,  formerly  at  Crathie  and 
Braemar,  was  inducted  Minister  of  Logierait  on  22nd  Novr. 
1714,  and  died  July  30th,  1754.  He  left  a  legacy  of  300 
merks  for  the  Poor  of  the  Parish — the  Session's  '  Security 
for  which  is  Contained  in  a  Clause  of  the  Principle  Dis- 
position of  the  lands  of  West  Miln.' 

1775,  Nov.  5.  '  The  minister  (Mr.  Bisset)  gave  in  to  the 
Session  a  missive  from  Mr.  Fergusson  of  West  Miln  acknow- 
ledging his  Father's  Mortification  of  Three  hundred  Merks.' 

1715,  Se2x  25.  'No  sermon:  y*'  minister  being  at  Moulin, 
and  Mar's  armie  camped  here.' 

1715,  Nov.  20,  '  No  sermon:  the  minister  beine-  with  His 
Grace  the  Duke  of  Atholl  at  Blair.' 

Memo. — 'The  min*"  being  keeped  prisoner  by  a  partie  of 
Mar's  Armie  for  some  days,  made  his  escape  in  the  night 
upon  the  fyfth  of  December,  and  continued  at  Blair  Castle 


w*^  his  Grace  the  Duke  of  Atholl  for  eight  weeks,  iintill  the 
troubles  of  y®  nation  were  quieted.' 

1719,  'iQth  Aj)ril.  'No  sermon:  the  minister  being  with 
the  Duke  of  Atholl  at  Huntingtower.' 

1724,  l^nd  November.  'No  sermon  here:  the  minister 
being  at  Huntingtower  preaching  to  the  Dutchess  of  Atholl 
and  family,  after  His  Grace  the  Duke  dyed.  He  left  an 
hundred  pounds  to  y^  poor  of  our  parish,  and  dyed  on 
Saturday,  the  14*^  Current,  at  Eight  in  y*^  morning,  uttering 
these  remarkable  words  as  his  last  farewell  to  his  family, — 
"  I  command  and  charge  that  all  my  house  after  me  fear  and 
worship  the  Lord  as  I  endeavoured  to  do." ' 

'  Mr.  Adam  Fergusson,'  Mr.  Meldrum  adds,  '  must  have 
been  an  able  and  accomplished  cleric,  gaining  the  good  will 
and  lasting  gratitude  of  his  parishioners.  He  must  have 
been  their  prophet  and  priest — their  guide,  philosopher,  and 
friend.  His  method  and  industry  are  amply  indicated  in 
two  volumes  of  the  Kirk-Session  Records,  which  were  care- 
fully and  neatly  written  out  under  his  own  hand. 

'  He  was  the  tirst  Presbyterian  Minister  of  Logierait  after 
the  Revolution.  His  predecessors  were  Mr.  James  and  Mr. 
Mungo  Moray  (father  and  son)  of  the  family  of  Ochtertyre — 
who  served  the  cure  fi"om  1G50  to  1714 — their  service  being 
after  the  Episcopal  order.  On  the  death  of  Mungo  Moray 
the  Duke  of  Atholl's  patronage  rights  were  contested  by  the 
Earl  of  Mansfield,  whose  nominee  was  an  Episcopalian,  Mr. 
George  Robertson,  of  the  Robertsons  of  Killiechangie.  The 
Duke,  however,  succeeded  in  asserting  his  right  to  present  to 
the  Parish,  which  was  given  to  Mr.  Fergusson.' 

The  Rev.  Adam  Fergusson's  ^  connection  with  Crathie  and 
friendship  with  the  Deeside  Farquharsons  is  commemorated 
by  educational  endowments  open  to  lads  of  the  names  of  Far- 
quharson,  Ferguson,  and  Macdonald,  and  his  influence  is  said 
to  have  been  efl'ective  in  dissuading  the  Laird  of  Invercauld 
from  taking  part  in  the  Jacobite  rising,  and  thus  saving  his 
family  from  the  disaster  that  overtook  so  many  of  his  gallant 

1  For  notices  of  his  ministerial  life,  from  the  Fasti  ScoticancB  Ecclesue,  see 


clansmen.  Strong  in  his  own  attachment  to  the  established 
order,  Adam  Fergusson  was  able  to  do  much  in  favour  of  his 
many  Jacobite  friends,  whose  adherence  to  the  unfortunate 
cause  rendered  the  good  offices  of  a  friend  of  Government  very- 
necessary  to  them.  An  indication  of  this  is  found  in  the 
letter  (in  the  Baledmund  Papers)  in  which  he  announces  the 
arrest  of  his  own  chief,  the  young  Laird  of  Dunfallandy,  and 
it  is  also  borne  witn-ess  to  by  the  traditions  of  Deeside.  He 
took  an  active  part  in  ecclesiastical  atfairs,  and  was  the  leader 
in  the  Synod  of  Perth  of  the  party  opposed  to  the  Erskines 
at  the  time  of  the  First  Secession.  He  survived  to  30th 
July  1754. 

The  following  delightfully  quaint  record  was  copied  by 
Mary  Ferguson,  widow  of  Kobert  Ferguson,  M.D.,  from  a 
manuscript  of  the  old  minister  of  Logierait,  in  the  possession 
of  Mrs.  Hepburn,  at  Colquhalzie,  about  the  year  1870  : — 

'  Upon  the  25th  of  December  1705  Mr.  Adam  Fergusson, 
Minister  of  Crathie,  and  Mary  Gordon,  daughter  of  Patrick 
Gordon  of  Halhead,^  were  maryed  at  Halhead  by  Mr.  James 
Robertson,  minister  at  Glenmurthly,  and  had  children  as 
follows : — 

'  Upon  Saturday  ye  second  day  of  November  1706  Mary 
was  born  between  three  and  four  a  cloak  in  ye  morning,  and 
was  next  day  baptized  by  Mr.  James  Robertson,  minister  at 
Glenmuick,  in  presence  of  ye  whole  congregation  of  Crathie, 
it  bein  ye  Lord's  day. 

'  Upon  Saturday,  ye  day  of  August  1708  Charles 

was  born  about  ten  of  ye  cloak  at  night,  and  was  upon  ye 
sixteinth  baptized  by  Mr.  Alexander  Toask,  minister  at  Tar- 
land,  befor  witnesses,  it  being  Monday.  Died  at  Port  Royal, 
Jamaica,  Oct.  1743. 

'  Upon  Wensday,  ye  thirtieth  and  tirst  day  of  May  1710, 

^  Now  Wolrige-Gordon  of  Hallhead  and  Esslemont.  The  mother  of  Mary 
Gordon  above  mentioned  was  Isabella  Byres,  daughter  of  Patrick  Byres,  Laird 
of  Eastercoates,  near  Edinburgh  [afterwards  of  Tonley,  in  Aberdeenshire], 
who  was  son  of  Sir  John  Byres,  Kniglit,  sometime  Lord  Provost  of  Edinburgh. 
Mary's  sister,  Isabella,  was  married  to  Mr.  Black,  a  rich  wine  merchant  of 
Bordeaux.  Their  daughter  married  Mr.  Burnett,  a  merchant  of  Aberdeen, 
and  Burnett's  daughter,  Katy,  married  her  cousin,  Professor  Adam  Ferguson, 
youngest  son  of  the  minister  of  Logierait,  in  1766. — Note  by  R.  N.  R.  F. 


Anna  Avas  born  at  Bauemor,  betwixt  nyne  and  ten  of  ye  cloak 
at  night,  and  upon  Munday  ye  fyfth  day  of  June  was  baptised 
at  Crathie  by  Mr.  James  Robertson,  minister  at  Glenmuick 
befor  witnesses,  and  dyed  upon  ye  ii  day  of  September 

'  Upon  Thursday  ye  twentie  seventh  of  December  1711 
Alexr.  was  born  Balomore,  about  two  of  ye  cloak  in  ye 
morning,  and  was  next  day  baptized  by  Mr.  James  Robertson, 
minister  of  Glenmuick. 

'  Upon  Friday,  ye  twentie  first  of  August  1713  John  was 
born  at  Balomore,  about  twelve  of  ye  cloak  at  night,  and  was 
baptized  befor  ye  Congregation  at  Crathie  upon  ye  twentieth 
and  third  of  that  month  by  Mr.  James  Robertson,  minister 
of  Glenmuick,  and  dyed  of  a  decay  in  a  very  desirable  fram 
ye  22  July  1724. 

'  Upon  Munday,  ye  twentie  eight  day  of  September  1715 
Janet  was  born  at  Logierait,  about  five  of  ye  cloak  at  night, 
and  was  upon  Saturday  ye  first  October,  baj)tised  by  Mr. 
James  Stewart,  minister  at  Moulin. 

'  Upon  ye  Lord's  day  ye  twentieth  and  seventh  day  of 
October  1717  years  Patrick  was  born  at  Logirait,  betwixt 
eleven  and  twelve  of  ye  cloak  at  night,  and  was  upon  Tuesday 
yrafter  baptis'd  by  Mr,  James  Stewart,  minister  of  Mouline, 
being  ye  twenty  nynth  day.  Died  in  Port  Royal  in  Jamaica 
18  March  1747. 

'  Upon  Monday  ye  30th  day  of  November  1719  years 
Robert  was  born  at  Logierait,  half  an  hour  after  seven  in  ye 
mornin',  and  was  baptised  ye  second  day  of  December  yrafter 
by  Mr.  James  Stewart,  minister  of  Mouline, 

'  Upon  Thursday  ye  20  day  of  June  1723  Adam  was  borne 
at  Logirait,  about  6  in  ye  morning,  and  baptised  on  ye  next 
day  by  Mr.  James  Stewart,  minister  at  Moulin.' 



Born  20th  June  1723  at  Logierait,  Perthshire;  died  at  St.  A)idrews, 
2 2nd  February  1816.     Aged  9 2. 

The  following  account  ^  of  this  most  distinguished  man,  the 
youngest  son  of  the  old  minister  of  Logierait,  is  given  in  the 
Edinhwrgh  Review  for  January  1867  (vol.  cxxv.): — 

'  If  we  were  asked  to  name  a  single  Scotchman  who  should 
be  typical  of  the  whole  race  in  appearance,  character,  tastes, 
and  fortunes,  we  should  not  hesitate  to  pitch  on  Adam 
Ferguson.  Hard  yet  kindly,  hot  tempered  and  outspoken, 
but  very  prudent  and  judicious,  old  Adam  had  many  claims 
besides  his  professed  stoicism  to  be  regarded  as  a  Scottish 
Cato.  Do  but  look  at  him  in  that  picture  which  hangs  in  the 
vestibule  of  the  University  Library  at  St.  Andrews.  He  is 
ninety  years  old,  but  except  that  time  has  still  farther 
sharpened  and  deepened  the  lines  of  his  shrewd  and  somewhat 
scornful  face,  he  is  just  as  Lord  Cockburn  described  him  twenty 
years  before,  when  he  was  "  a  spectacle  worth  beholding." 

'  His  hair  was  silky  and  white  ;  his  eyes  animated  and  light 
blue ;  his  cheeks  sprinkled  with  broken  red  like  autumnal 
apples,  but  fresh  and  healthy.  His  lips  thin,  and  the  under 
one  curled.  A  severe  paralytic  attack  had  reduced  his  animal 
vitality  though  it  left  no  external  appearance,  and  he  required 
constant  artificial  heat.  His  raiment  therefore  consisted  of 
half-boots  lined  with  fur,  cloth  breeches,  a  long  cloth  waist- 
coat with  capacious  pockets,  a  single-breasted  coat,  a  cloth 
greatcoat  also  lined  with  fur,  and  a  felt  hat  commonly  tied 
by  a  ribbon  below  the  chin.  His  boots  were  black,  but 
with  this  exception  the  whole  coverings,  including  the  hat, 
were  of  a  Quaker  grey  colour  or  of  a  whitish-brown  ;  and  he 
generally  wore  the  furred  greatcoat  even  within  doors. 
When  he  walked  forth  he  used  a  tall  staff,  which  he  com- 
monly held  at  arm's-length  out  towards  the  right  side ;  and 
his  two  coats,  each  buttoned  by  only  the  upper  button, 
flowed  open  below  and  exposed  the  whole  of  his  curious  and 

^  Contributed  by  R.  N.  R.  Ferguson. 


venerable  figure.  His  gait  and  air  were  noble.  His  gesture 
slow,  his  look  full  of  dignity  and  composed  fire.  He  looked 
like  a  philosopher  from  Lapland.  His  palsy  ought  to  have 
killed  him  in  his  fiftieth  year,  but  rigid  care  enabled  him  to 
live  uncrippled  in  body  or  mind  nearly  fifty  years  more.' 
{Meinorials,  p.  49.) 

The  general  outlines  ^  of  the  singularly  complete  and,  for  a 
man  of  letters,  exceptionally  eventful  life  that  had  painted 
itself  with  such  bold  touches  on  the  external  aspect  of  the 
octogenarian  are  well  known.  The  spirited  young  chaplain 
of  the  '  Black  Watch '  who  disobeyed  orders  that  he  might 
fight  in  the  front  ranks  at  Fontenoy  (11th  May  1745 — he  was 
then  twenty-one),'  the  predecessor  of  Dugald  Stewart  in  the 
Chair  of  Moral  Philosophy  at  Edinburgh  (held  from  1764  to 
1785),  the  secretary  (in  1778)  to  the  Commission  that  was 
sent  to  make  the  last  effort  at  conciliation  during  the  First 
American  War,  the  historian  of  Rome  (1782),  the  friend  of 
Adam  Smith,  and  Hume,  and  Blair,  and  Robertson,  and 
Gibbon — no  wonder,  when  he  had  outlived  his  great  con- 
temporaries, that  his  face  read  like  a  history,  and  his  whole 
aspect  was  weird-like  to  the  next  age. 

Adam's  history  for  eighteen  years  after  Fontenoy  (1745) 
may  be  dismissed  in  a  few  words.  He  remained  chiefly  as 
chaplain  with  his  regiment  at  home  and  abroad  till  about 
1754.  At  this  period  his  father's  death  occurred,  and  the 
Church  of  Logierait,  which  was  in  the  gift  of  the  Seventh 
Duke  of  Athole,  and  in  which  he  had  hoped  to  succeed  his 
fine  old  parent,  was  not  offered  to  him.  It  is  said  he  was  too 
proud  to  ask  for  it.  He  felt  the  slight  very  keenly,  retired 
to  Holland,  and  finally  abandoned  the  clerical  profession. 
Writing  to  Adam  Smith  from  Groningen,  in  October  1754, 
he  requests  him  to  address  him  in  reply  without  any  clerical 
titles,  '  for  I  am  a  downright  layman.' 

In  1757,  Adam  succeeded  his  friend  David  Hume  in  the 
librarianship  of  the  Advocates'  Library,  which  he  gave  up  in 

i  These  memoranda  are  compiled  mainly  from  Professor  Lorimer's  article 
in  the  Edinburgh  Jieview  and  the  Dictionary  of  National  Biogi-aphy,  with 
family  papers. 

-  In  a  burgess  ticket  of  the  city  of  Perth,  dated  3rd  September  1757,  he  is 
designed  as  Capellanum  Regimini  Monticularum. 


no  long  time  on  undertaking  the  education  of  Lord  Bute's 
sons.  In  this  year  arose  the  well-known  controversy  over 
the  publication  of  Douglas,  by  John  Home.^ 

Ferguson  took  part  in  this  controversy  by  writing  a  pamphlet 
On  the  Morality  of  Stage  Plays,  which  he  defended  as  in- 
directly sanctioned  by  scripture  and  directly  by  the  Fathers 
of  the  Church.  It  is  even  said  (though  the  story  is  probably 
apocryphal)  that  at  his  mature  age  of  thirty-three  he  acted 
'  Lady  Randolph '  in  the  famous  rehearsal  of  Douglas,  in  which 
Dr.  Blair,  the  minister  of  the  High  Church,  is  represented  as 
having  also  taken  a  female  part,  and  duly  appearing  in  petti- 
coats as  '  Anna,'  the  maid. 

In  July  1759  he  was  appointed  Professor  of  Natural  Philo- 
sophy in  the  University  of  Edinburgh.  The  class  was  to 
meet  in  October,  and  in  the  brief  interval  Adam  acquired  a 
sufficient  knowledge  of  physics  to  discharge  his  duties  satis- 
factorily, a  feat  which  led  David  Hume  to  pay  him  a  some- 
what ironical  compliment  on  his  extraordinary  genius.  It 
was  during  the  five  years  that  he  held  this  appointment  that 
he  was  mainly  instrumental  in  converting  the  '  Select 
Society'  which  Allan  Ramsay  had  established  some  years 
before  into  the  more  famous  '  Poker '  Club,  to  wdiich  nearly 
the  whole  of  the  celebrities  of  Edinburgh  belonged.  The 
name  was  suggested  by  Ferguson  as  having  for  the  club 
members  an  obvious  meaning,  enigmatic  to  others. 

In  1763  two  of  the  sons  of  the  Earl  of  Warwick,  Charles 
and  Robert  Greville,  were  entrusted  to  Adam  (then  forty 
years  old),  and  the  tutor  he  employed  to  superintend  their 
studies  was  a  stalwart  young  Highlander,  called  John 
Macpherson,  son  of  the  minister  of  Sleat  in  Skye,  then  one  of 

1  Home,  1722-1808,  educated  at  the  University  of  Edinburgh,  where  he 
was  the  friend  and  companion  of  Robertson,  Adam  Ferguson,  and  Alexander 
Carlyle.  He  was  made  a  prol)ationer  of  the  Kirk  in  1745,  and  in  1747  became  a 
minister  in  East  Lothian.  In  1 755  his  tragedy  of  Dotujlas  was  rehearsed  in  Edin- 
burgh, and  on  the  14th  December  1756  was  publicly  performed,  and  enthusi- 
astically received.  However,  the  Kirk  resented  the  publication  of  a  play  by  a 
minister  as  an  outrage.  Alexander  Carlyle,  then  a  minister,  who  was  present 
at  the  play,  was  prosecuted  by  the  Kirk,  and  Home  was  cited  to  appear 
before  the  Presbytery  of  Haddington.  This  he  would  not  do,  and  even- 
tually he  resigned  the  Kirk  in  June  1757.  He  died  at  Merchiston  in 
Septeml)er  1808. 


his  own  students,  and  subsequently  Sir  John  Macpherson  ^ 
(in  June  1776),  who  succeeded  Warren  Hastings  as  Governor- 
General  of  India  (February  1785  to  September  1786).  Of  all 
his  pupils  Macpherson  was  the  most  loving  and  devoted.  '  The 
life  of  this  remarkable  man,'  says  the  Edinburgh  Reviewer, 
'  was  a  positive  romance,  the  ideal  life  of  a  Scoto-Indian,  and 
it  is  strange  that  it  has  attracted  so  little  attention.' 

1764  was  a  great  year  in  Adam's  life.  In  it  he  was 
appointed  to  the  Chair  of  Moral  Philosophy  in  the  Uni- 
versity of  Edinburgh,  which  he  had  long  coveted.  His 
lectures,  as  might  have  been  expected,  where  to  the  ripe 
Avisdom  and  learning  of  the  philosopher  were  joined  the 
experiences  of  the  soldier  and  the  man  of  the  world,  were 
exceedingly  popular  with  the  students,  and  were  attended  by 
many  non-academical  members  of  the  upper  classes  of  Edin- 
burgh society,  and  by  the  most  distinguished  men  of  the 

^  J  ohn  Macpherson  was  not  only  the  constant  corresponilent  of  the  Professor 
through  life,  but  the  kind  and  good  friend  of  all  the  family.  The  Professor's 
youngest  boy  (Admiral  Ferguson)  was  his  godchild.  It  was  Macpherson  who 
procured  for  my  grandfather,  '  Boh,'  the  Professor's  nephew,  a  start  in  India. 
He  was  not  less  kind  to  my  father,  Robert  Ferguson,  M.D. ,  who  has  left  it 
on  record  that  '  I  lived  much  with  him  in  my  boyhood.'  We  find  him  in  his 
old  age  writing  thus  to  my  grandfather,  from  Farm,  near  Tunbridge-Wells,  on 
the  23rd  January  1815  : — 'I  was  glad  to  receive  your  good  and  friendly  letter  of 
the  15th,  and  to  learn  that  your  son  [my  father,  then  aged  fifteen],  who  is  a 
real  and  justly  esteemed  favourite  of  mine,  is  doing  so  well.  I  will  be  happy 
to  recommend  him  to  Sir  Robert  Wigram  and  Sir  William  Fraser,  etc.  .  .  . 
My  godson  Captain  Ferguson  [then  aged  thirty]  has  been  in  Scotland  for 
some  months.  I  have  had  late  good  accounts  of  his  worthy  father's  [the 
Professor's]  health  and  good  spirits.  I  ought  to  be  thankful  for  the  state  of 
my  own  health.  ...  I  have  closed  my  seventieth  year  .  .  .  believe  me, 
with  my  best  good  wishes  for  your  health  and  happiness,  and  the  prosperity 
of  all  good  Fergusons,  yours  most  sincerely,  John  Macpherson.' 

In  another  of  his  letters  (Brompton  Grove,  23rd  March  1816),  we  find  my 
father  setting  the  shocking  schoolboy  precedent  of  refusing  a  'tip.'  Sir  J. 
writes  to  my  grandfather,  '  your  excellent  son  was  with  me  here,  and  I  was 
quite  pleased  with  his  conversation  and  good  conduct  in  all  respects.  When 
I  offered  him  a  little  cash  present,  he  said  he  did  not  wish  to  accept  any,  as 
his  father  gave  him  liberally  all  he  coiUd  have  occasion  for.'  My  father 
describes  Sir  John  as  '  6  feet  4  high,  and  called  "the  gentle  giant."'  His 
portrait  by  Sir  Joshua  Reynolds  is  in  my  possession.  The  face  is  in  the 
highest  degree  attractive.  This  part  of  the  painting  is  still  in  good  preserva- 
tion, but  the  rest  is  a  sad  wreck.  Sir  John  died  unmarried  in  Brompton 
Grove,  on  the  12th  January  1821. 


But  an  exceedingly  important  event  in  his  career  was 
impending,  and  in  1766  Adam,  at  the  somewhat  mature  age 
of  forty-three,  married  Miss  Catherine  Burnet  of  Aberdeen- 
shire, the  niece  of  his  first  cousin,  great  friend  and  colleague 
Joseph  Black.i 

I  feel  sure  that  all  the  readers  of  these  Records  will  be 
interested  by  the  letters  which  passed  in  connection  with 
the  engagement.  It  is  pleasant  to  relate  that  the  marriage 
was  an  exceedingly  happy  one,  and  that  Adam  and  his  wife 
lived  together  for  thirty  years. 

I.  To  Miss  Katy  Burnet,  at  Mr.  James  Burnet's,  Merchant, 


Edinburgh,  September  1766. 

My  dear  Miss  Katy, — A  letter  from  me  may  possibly 
surprise  you,  I  was  very  sorry  to  be  obliged  to  leave  Aber- 
deen without  preparing  you  more  gradually  for  the  subject 
of  it ;  but  I  hope  that  you  will  overlook  every  circumstance 
in  the  manner,  for  the  sake  of  the  very  sincere  good  intention 

^  Jos.  Black,  M.D.  (1728-1799)  was  born  at  Bordeaux,  the  son  of  John 
Black,  a  wme  merchant,  by  a  daughter  of  Robert  Gordon  of  the  Gordons  of 
Hallhead  in  Aberdeenshire.  He  was  a  friend  of  Montesquieu.  He  was  a 
medical  student  at  Edinburgh  in  1750  or  1751  ;  appointed  to  the  Chair  of 
Medicine  at  Glasgow  in  1756  ;  in  1766,  Professor  of  Medicine  and  Chemistry 
in  the  University  of  Edinburgh.  During  more  than  thirty  years  he  incul- 
cated the  Elements  of  Chemistry  upon  enthusiastic  and  continually  growing 
audiences  ;  and  attendance  on  his  lectures  became  even  a  fashionable  amuse- 
ment. Black  was  a  prominent  member  of  the  intellectual  society  of  Edin- 
burgh, among  his  intimates,  besides  Adam  Ferguson,  being  Hume,  Hutton, 
A.  Carlyle,  Dugald  Stewart,  Robertson,  and  Adam  Smith.  Thougli  grave  and 
reserved,  he  was  gentle  and  sincere,  and  it  is  recorded  of  him  that  he  never 
lost  a  friend.  His  countenance  Avas  placid  and  exceedingly  engaging.  He 
died  on  the  6th  December  1799  under  very  curious  circumstances.  '  Being 
at  table,' Ferguson  relates,  'with  his  usual  fare,  some  bread,  a  few  prunes, 
and  a  measured  quantity  of  milk  diluted  with  water,  and  having  the  cup  in 
his  hand  when  the  last  stroke  of  the  pulse  was  to  be  given,  he  appeared  to 
have  set  it  down  on  his  knees  which  were  joined  together,  and  in  the  action 
expired,  without  spilling  a  drop,  as  if  an  experiment  had  been  purposely 
made  to  evince  the  facility  with  which  he  departed.'  Fourcroy  called  him 
'  The  Nestor  of  the  chemistry  of  the  eighteenth  century  ; '  Lavoisier  acknow- 
ledged himself  his  disciple.  He  was  a  member  of  the  Paris  and  St.  Petersburg 
Academies  of  Sciences,  and  of  the  Society  of  Medicine  of  Paris,  as  well  as  of 
the  Royal  Society  of  Edinburgh,  and  of  the  Royal  College  of  Pliysicians. 
He  was,  besides,  first  Physician  to  His  Majesty  for  Scotland. 


from  which  I  act.  The  esteem  and  the  love  with  which  I  am 
seized  to  you  make  me  earnestly  desire  a  much  more  near 
relation  than  that  which  has  produced  me  the  happiness  of 
your  acquaintance.  If  the  tremendous  name  of  Husband 
does  not  alarm  you,  that  is  the  cousinship  which  I  wish  to 
bear  to  you.  I  would  willingly  carry  this  request  to  Aber- 
deen myself,  but  you  will  perhaps  rather  answer  a  letter  than 
a  verbal  proposal,  especially  if  your  answer  be  such  as  I 
should  be  sorry  to  find  it.  My  happiness  very  much  depends 
on  your  allowing  me  to  hope  that  I  may  see  you  before 
winter,  and  return  from  Aberdeen,  I  would  fain  wish,  in  your 
company,  with  a  heart  as  full  of  joy  as  it  was  of  regret  at  my 
parting  with  you  last.  If  this  proposal  be  disagreeable  to 
you,  I  shall  be  most  sincerely  afflicted ;  if  otherwise,  do  not 
torment  me  with  reserve,  where  frankness  would  endear  you 
to  me  so  much. — I  am,  with  a  very  solicitous  expectation  of 
your  answer,  your  most  affectionate  and  most  humble 
servant,  Adam  Ferguson. 

II.  To  the  samie. 

Edinburgh,  September  \Wi,  1766. 

My  dear  Miss  Katy, — I  am  just  now  returned  from 
Glasgow,  where  I  have  seen  your  uncle  the  doctor,^  and  hope 
that  what  he  writes  to  you  will  favour  my  request.  I  had 
written  to  your  father  before  I  set  out  from  hence,  and 
am  very  anxious  to  know  his  mind.  Is  it  not  possible  to 
reckon  me  too  among  the  number  who  have  a  great  affection 
for  you  and  a  great  concern  for  your  happiness  ?  I  would 
fain  hope  that  I  shall  be  able  some  time  or  other  to  make 
my  title  to  a  place  in  that  list  very  clear.  Meantime,  I  can 
only  have  the  pleasure  of  writing  to  you  and  assuring  you  of 
a  tenderness  which  I  had  rather  that  my  actions  than  my 
words  should  express.  I  have  barely  time  to  overtake  the 
post,  and  conclude  with  the  most  earnest  request  that,  what- 
ever these  gentlemen  may  think,  you  will  pay  some  regard 
to  the  sincere  affection  with  which  I  am,  your  most  humble 
servant,  Adam  Ferguson. 

^  Professor  Black. 


III.  To  the  same. 

Edixburgh,  September  20th,  1766. 

My  dear  Katy, — I  have  received  a  letter  from  your  father, 
and  am  happy  that  no  difficulty,  either  real  or  imaginary,  has 
cast  up  on  any  quarter.  It  is  with  the  utmost  tenderness 
and  joy  that  I  think  of  you  now  as  my  own,  and  the  happiest 
acquisition  I  ever  made.  As  many  circumstances  at  present 
make  time  very  valuable  to  me,  I  venture  to  write  to  your 
father  about  every  particular,  and  request  him  to  settle 
matters  so  as  to  suit  my  present  engagements.  My  mind  is 
greatly  to  abridge  formalities  and  points  of  ceremony.  I  like 
them  not  on  any  occasion,  but  when  the  heart  is  most  of  all 
affected  and  moved,  they  are  impertinent  to  a  degree  of 
abomination.^  I  will  write  no  more  at  present,  as  I  find  I 
have  my  words  to  seek  for. 

I  have  been  in  the  country  all  day,  and  have  hurried  to 
town  in  order  to  write  your  father.  I  only  desire  that  you 
will  make  no  difficultys  about  trifles. — I  am,  with  the  most 
affectionate  regard,  my  dear  Kate,  yours, 

Adam  Ferguson. 

lY.  To  Mr.  James  Burnet,  Merchant,  Aberdeen. 

Edinburgh,  September  ■20th,  1766. 

My  dear  Sir, — I  have  been  in  the  country  all  day,  have 
barely  time  to  write  what  I  wish  you  to  know  b}^  this  post,  in 
answer  to  a  letter  with  which  you  have  made  me  so  happy.  I 
will  think  no  more  of  doubts  or  difficulties  of  any  kind.  Kate 
is  mine.  You  have  a  numerous  family  of  children — I  hope 
that  she  is  among  those  that  will  need  your  assistance  the 
least.  I  am  averse  to  all  solemnity,  I  AV'ould  not  even  have 
you  think  of  going  to  the  expense  of  new  cloths  for  her  on 
this  occasion.'-  I  make  no  change  in  my  house  till  she  comes, 
and  then  she  may  change  it  as  she  pleases.  I  spoke  some- 
thing about  Interest  in  my  last ;  my  meaning  was  that  you 
should  consider  of  a  paper  in  which  I  may  secure  all  I  die 

^  He  had  written  '  Lothingness '  but  erased  it,  perhaps  feeling  a  little 
unhappy  about  the  etymology  of  that  word. 

-  It  seems  a  little  doubtful  whether  the  lady  would  appreciate  this  bit  of 


possessed  of  to  Kate  and  her  children  in  case  she  survives 
me.  I  am  in  too  great  a  hurry  to  explain  this  at  present, 
but  will  send  you  a  memorandum  of  it  by  next  post,  and  you 
may  have  the  writing  ready  to  be  signed  when  I  get  to 
Aberdeen.  Doctor  Black  is  ready  to  attend  me  whenever  I 
call  for  him.  My  situation  requires  the  decency  of  some 
forms,  such  as  being  called  in  church,  and  married  by  a 
minister  of  the  Established  Church.  If  Doctor  Campbell  is 
at  hand  to  perform  this  office,  it  will  be  very  agreeable.  I 
hope  that  the  ceremony  of  proclamation  can  be  got  over  at 
Aberdeen  in  less  than  three  Sundays.  I  can  at  a  day's 
warning  get  a  certificate  of  my  being  proclaimed  here,  and  I 
hope  you  can  get  through  that  affair  so  as  to  satisfy  Dr. 
Campbell  in  much  the  same  manner.  If  this  can  be  done,  I 
think  you  ma}^  get  this  letter  and  write  an  answer  naming  a 
particular  day,  so  as  that  Dr.  Black  and  I  may  be  at  Aberdeen 
by  the  end  of  the  first  week  in  October.  My  time  will  only 
allow  me  to  get  to  Aberdeen  the  day  before  and  leave  it  the 
day  after  our  ceremony.  Your  own  family  is  company  enough 
for  me  on  the  occasion.  If  Mr.  A.  Gordon  from  Hallhead 
could  without  inconvenience  be  there,  it  would  be  pleasant, 
or  anybody  else  that  Kate  chooses.  This  letter  is  the  longer 
for  being  written  in  a  hurry ;  but  I  hope  it  is  to  be  under- 
stood and  that  it  will  procure  from  you,  by  the  first  post,  the 
nomination  of  a  day  in  the  first  week  of  October,  or  at 
furthest  in  the  second.  Dr.  Black  and  I  will  be  there  the 
day  before. — I  am,  your  most  obliged  and  affectionate  servant, 

Adam  Ferguson. 

V.  To  Miss  Katy  Burnet,  at  Mr.  James  Burnet's, 
Merchant,  Aberdeen. 

Edinburgh,  Sept.  22,  1766. 
My  lovely  Katie, — Your  letter  is  the  most  pleasant  I 
ever  received.  Doctor  Black  and  I  shall  be]at  Aberdeen  the 
second  of  October  in  the  forenoon.  In  the  evening,  about 
five  or  six  o'clock,  I  expect  that  you  will  be  ready  with  a 
clergyman  to  put  over  our  ceremony,  that  I  may  not  be 
detained  in  the  place  where  you  are  without  seeing  you.^ 

-  This  seems  to  have  been  the  etiquette  of  those  clays. 



I  was  to  have  written  your  father  about  some  particulars  either 
forgotten  or  not  explained  in  my  last.  Be  so  good  as  tell  him 
that  my  residence  here  is  in  the  West  Kirk  parish  ;  that  is  the 
designation  to  be  put  in  any  certificate  of  proclamation.  Let 
him  read  this,  that  he  may  write  me  in  what  parish  my  dear 
Katie  lives,  if  there  be  any  distinction  of  parishes  at  Aberdeen. 
I  will  send  him  a  scroll  of  the  paper  I  mentioned  in  a  post  or 
two,  for  it  requires  so  much  time,  it  seems,  to  draw  it  up.  I 
shall  write  to  Doctor  Black  by  this  post  to  fix  his  coining 


here,  and  I  hope  that  we  shall  keep  our  appointment  most 
punctually.  Till  then  and  for  ever  more,  my  dear  Kate,  I  am 
passionately  yours,  Adam  Ferguson. 

VL  To  the  Same. 

Edinburgh,  Sept.  24,  1766. 
My  dear  Katie, — You  have  a  paper  enclosed  which  I 
should  have  sent  to  your  father,  if  it  were  not  for  the  incli- 



nation  I  have  to  correspond  with  you.  Please  deHver  it  to 
him  :  he  will  easily  understand  what  forms  remain  on  your 
part  and  his,  and  if  there  is  anything  amiss,  it  can  be  set 
to  rights  when  we  meet.  It  is  such  as  a  man  of  business 
here  has  scrolled  for  me.  I  have  a  line  from  your  uncle  the 
Doctor  ^  this  morning.  He  is  to  dine  here  on  Sunday  next, 
and  Ave  set  out  on  Monday  morning  for  Aberdeen.  I  told 
you  what  was  proposed  in  my  last.  We  may  be  at  Aberdeen 
on  Wednesday  evening,  but  I  at  present  think  it  Avill  be 


pleasanter  on  the  road  than  there,  unless  I  am  permitted  to 
see  you,  and  we  shall  probably  ly  (sic)  at  Stonehive  and 
go  in  to  Aberdeen  on  Thursday  the  second  of  October,  in  the 
morning,  to  meet  that  afternoon,  and  I  hope  not  to  part 
again  in  a  hurry.  You  will  not  be  surprised  at  my  proposing 
to  leave  Aberdeen  again  sometime  on  Fridaj^  the  third  of 

^  Professor  Black. 


October ;  I  have  inucli  to  do  here.  But  there  or  here,  or 
wherever  you  are  will  be  Paradise  and  every  inn  on  the  road 
a  palace.  Pray  write  to  me,  that  I  may  know  you  have 
received  my  last  and  this,  that  there  is  no  mistake,  and  that 
I  may  have  the  pleasure  of  receiving  what  comes  from  you. 
— I  am,  my  dear  Kate,  most  passionately  yours, 

Adam  Ferguson. 

We  must  imagine  the  pair  now  happily  wedded  and  living 
an  honourable  and  useful  life  in  Edinburgh  ;  the  famous 
Professor,  we  will  hope,  not  always  in  such  a  desperate  hurry 
as  to  find  it  necessary  to  abridge  domestic  enjoyment  as  much 
as  he  did  the  hymeneal  preparations.  In  1770,  on  the  21st 
December,  their  firstborn  son  made  his  appearance,  and  was 
christened  Adam — that  Adam  who  was  the  faithful  and 
loving  friend  of  Sir  Walter  Scott,  and  was  called  by  him  the 
Merry  Knight.  Other  children  were  born  as  time  went  on — 
namely  Joseph,  whose  early  death  I  shall  have  to  chronicle ; 
James,  the  Colonel,  born  in  1784;  John,  the  Admiral ;  and 
three  daughters  celebrated  in  Lockhart's  Life  and  in  the 
Scott  Journals  and  Letters  as  the  Huntlyburn  family. 

The  following  letter,  written  by  one  of  these  daughters, 
Isabella,^  in  her  youthful  days,  is  interesting  both  as  a  young 
lady's  letter  of  the  last  century  and  as  a  glimpse  into  the 
family  circle  of  the  distinguished  philosopher.  It  was 
addressed  to  her  cousin,  Janet  Wilkie.  The  original  is  in 
the  possession  of  Miss  Janet  Anderson,  whose  mother,  Janet 
Anderson  {nee  AVatson),  was  a  grandniece  of  the  Professor. 
Miss  Anderson  is  the  last  surviving  member  of  her  family. 
The  delightful  spelling  will  amuse  the  reader : — 

'Argyls  Squar,  Tuesday. 

'  My  dear  Jeanny, — We  are  very  much  surprised  that  we 
never  hear  from  any  of  you  and  mamma  is  very  anxious  to 
know  how  you  all  are.  She  wrott  my  dear  Annt  some  weeks 
ago  and  acquinted  her  of  my  dear  Pappes  illness,  and  it  was 
natoral  to  expect  you  would  have  maid  some  inquiery  about 
him,  but  not  a  scrape  from  you  or  uncle  Robert  all  this  time, 
which  makes  us  very  uneasy.  Pappa  is  continouing  greatly 
better  but  still  confined  to  the  house,  except  going  out  in  a 
1  The  '  Miss  Bell '  of  Sir  Walter's  Journals. 


chase  two  three  miles  every  other  day.  The  Doctors  is 
resoveld  to  send  him  to  Baith  (Bath).  So  my  dear  Jenny  he 
my  mother  and  your  humbell  servent  sets  out  in  about  a  fort- 
night, which  will  be  no  easy  matter  to  leave  the  Dear  Beams, 
but  if  it  gives  dear  Pappa  heilth  and  strength  that  is  nothing. 
We  are  all  very  busy  prepairing  for  this  great  juerney.  We 
shall  see  the  ceity  of  London  before  we  return.  Mary  has 
been  out  at  Musselburgh  staying  with  Mrs.  Carlyle  and  is  to 
remain  their  till  we  return.  Adam,  Joseph,  and  Jeamy  sta3^s 
hear  with  Anny.  We  expect  to  hear  from  you  when  ever 
you  get  this,  I  wish  you  may  can  Read  it  as  I  am  half 
asleep,  ever  yours,  Isabella  Ferguson.' 

In  the  year  of  his  marriage  (1766)  Ferguson  published  his 
Essay  on  Civil  Society  and  was  made  an  LL.D.  of  Edin- 
burgh University,  and  in  1772  he  published  his  Institutes 
of  Moral  Philosophy. 

In  1778  he  went  to  Philadelphia,  and  acted  as  secretary  to 
the  commission  sent  out  to  endeavour  to  negotiate  a  settle- 
ment with  the  American  Colonies,  as  already  stated.  One  of 
the  connnissioners  was  that  strange  character,  George  John- 
stone (1730-17(S7),  known  as  'Commodore'  and  'Governor' 
Johnstone,  whose  affection  for  and  veneration  of  Adam  were 
shown  to  the  end  of  his  life  both  by  his  friendship  and  his 

1  Writing  from  Taplow  to  Lord  Macartney  (then  Governor  of  Madras) 
on  behalf  of  '  Bob'  Ferguson,  my  grandfather,  on  the  23rd  September  1785, 
Johnstone  says  :  '  My  dear  Lord, — Although  I  am  so  weak  I  can  hardly  hold 
my  pen,  yet  I  cannot  refrain  trying  my  strength  and  trying  my  influence 
with  you  in  favour  of  Mr.  Ferguson,  who  goes  to  India  as  a  "  free  mariner," 
by  my  nomination,  in  the  ship  which  carries  CTcneral  Campbell.'  [He  went 
out  under  this  name  to  enable  him  to  go  to  India  at  all.]  'This  young 
gentleman  is  nephew  to  Dr.  Adam  Ferguson,  who  was  with  me  in  America, 
who  is  not  exceeded  in  wisdom  or  virtue  by  any  of  his  race.  I  daresay  your 
lordship  has  received  and  I'ead  his  last  publication  of  the  History  of  the  Roman 
Rejiuhlic  [1782],  which  throws  a  new  light  on  these  transactions,  notwith- 
standing all  that  has  been  said  and  all  that  has  been  written  on  the  subject. 
Young  Ferguson  places  his  chief  dependence  on  Macpherson,  and  in  this  I  am 
persiiaded  he  will  not  be  disappointed,  as  I  have  alwaj's  considered  Mac- 
pherson a  worthy  pupil  of  so  great  a  master,  and  I  know  that  he  venerates 
Ferguson  and  his  blood  with  a  Mahommedan  zeal  !  .  .   . ' 

The  Professor,  writing  from  Edinburgh'on  the  16th  April  1785  to  Sir  John 
Macpherson  [who  had  by  then  become  Governor-General  of  India,  February 
1785],  says  :    '  The  son  [Bob],  by  the  unalterable  kindness  of  G.  Johnston 



About  the  Professor's  fiftieth  year  paralytic  symptoms 
showed  themselves.  Under  Professor  Black's  advice  Adam 
became  a  vegetarian  and  a  total  abstainer.  '  Wine  and 
animal  food '  (says  Lord  Cockburn)  '  henceforth  besought  his 
appetite  in  vain,  but  huge  masses  of  milk  and  vegetables  dis- 
appeared before  him.  I  never  heard  of  his  dining  out  except 
at  his  relation  Dr.  Joseph  Black's,  where  his  son.  Sir  Adam, 
the  friend  of  Scott,  used  to  say  it  was  delightful  to  see  the 
two  philosophers  rioting  over  a  boiled  turnip.' 

In  1782  he  published  his  History  of  tJie  Progress  and 
Terrninatio7i  of  the  Rovian  Repuhlic,  a  work  spoken  of  by 
Carlyle  as  '  particularly  well  worth  reading.' 

Three  years  after  this,  at  the  age  of  sixty-two,  Ferguson 
resigned  the  Chair  of  Moral  Philosophy  in  favour  of  his 
friend  and  puj^il,  Dugald  Stewart,  because  he  found  '  its 
duties  pressed  on  his  health  and  spirits.'  In  reference  to  this 
the  Edinburgh  Reviewer  says  :  '  Of  the  value  attached  to  his 
teachings  by  those  of  his  pupils  who  in  after  life  had  oppor- 
tunities of  testing  it  on  a  great  scale,  he  received  about  this 
time  a  striking  proof  in  the  shape  of  an  offer  from  Sir  John 
Macpherson  to  place  a  considerable  sum  of  money  at  his  dis- 
posal. The  letter  is  too  long  for  quotation,  but  if  nothing 
else  remained  either  of  pupil  or  master,  few  would  doubt 
that  both  of  them  were  noble  fellows.' 

and  his  insuppressable  fervour  in  behalf  of  honest  men,  has  obtained  leave 
to  go  to  India,  though  without  any  destination  or  appointment.   .   .   .' 

It  is  very  curious  to  contrast  this  '  insuppressable  fervour  in  behalf  of 
honest  men  '  with  the  very  unfavourable  account  of  this  man  and  his  career 
written  by  Professor  J.  K.  Laughton  in  the  Dictionary  of  National  Biofjraphy. 
Johnstone  was  the  fourth  son  of  Sir  Jas.  Johnstone  of  Westerhall,  Dumfries, 
by  Barbara  Murray,  daughter  of  the  fourth  Lord  Elibank.  Professor  Laugh- 
ton  chronicles  his  repudiation  as  a  Commissioner  by  Congress  on  the  ground 
of  a  written  attempt  to  win  over  one  of  the  American  members  of  the  com- 
mission, and  his  retirement  from  the  Commission,  and  comments  with  much 
severity  on  (inter  alia)  his  '  shameless  and  scurrilous  utterances '  in  Parlia- 
ment (1767),  where  '  his  total  want  of  fear  and  his  adroitness  with  the  pistol 
made  him  a  useful  addition  to  his  party.'  He  was  C4overnor  of  West 
Florida  (1763-67)  and  Commodore,  R.N.  (1779).  '  He  used  to  be  commonly 
styled  Governor,  though  with  very  little  reason  ;  he  is  even  now  sometimes 
described  as  a  politician  with  less  :  that  he  was  commodore  and  had  command 
of  a  scpiadron  is  unfortunately  true.  He  seems  to  have  had  coui-age,  but  was 
without  self-restraint,  temper,  or  knowledge.'  Sir  Henry  Raeburn's  pictures 
of  him  and  his  wife,  Miss  Dee,  are  now  in  my  possession. — E.  N.  F. 


In  the  winter  of  17.SG-7  the  yonng  Walter  Scott  met  for 
the  first  and  last  time  the  poet  Burns  at  Ferguson's  house. 

In  1792  he  set  off  in  a  strange  sort  of  carriage,  with  no 
companion  except  his  servant  James,  to  visit  Italy  for  a  new 
Edition  of  his  Roman  History.  He  was  then  sixty-nine 
years  old,  and  he  had  (says  Lord  Cockburn)  to  pass  through 
a  good  deal  of  war.  His  correspondent  on  this  occasion  was 
the  ever  faithful  Macpherson,  and  his  letters  are  wonderfully 
fresh  and  spirited. 

Since  his  retirement  from  the  chair  Ferguson  had  occupied 
a  villa  at '  the  Sciennes,'  near  the  Grange,  in  the  suburbs  of 
Edinburgh  ;  but  the  loss  of  his  wife  in  1795,  and  his  growing 
distaste  for  general  society,  led  him  to  seek  still  further 
seclusion,  and  he  fixed  his  affections  on  the  romantic  castle 
of  Noidpath,  on  the  Tweed.  It  was  then,  as  now,  almost  a 
ruin,  and  would  have  been  a  strange  choice  in  any  other  man 
of  seventy-two.  As  long  as  summer  lasted  he  was  charmed 
with  his  abode.  '  The  woods  and  hills  are  Elysian,'  he  wrote, 
'  and  the  atmosphere  all  composed  of  vital  air.'  But  the 
winter  brought  trials  which  were  almost  too  much  even  for 
so  hardy  a  plant,  and  Ferguson's  stoicism  for  once  failed  him. 
'  If  anybody  think  me  a  philosopher,  he  is  grievously  mis- 
taken. I  have  done  nothing  but  pest  and  scold  inwardly ' 
[perhaps  outwardly  also,  if  Lord  Cockburn  may  be  believed] 
'  for  three  or  four  weeks,  not  to  say  months.'  Eventually  he 
removed  to  Hallyards,  a  sweet  rural  spot  near  Peebles,  where 
he  lived  in  the  enjoyment  of  excellent  health  and  much  quiet 
felicity  for  the  next  fourteen  years,  farming  with  all  the 
ardour  of  a  young  agriculturist. 

Amongst  the  younger  generation,  on  whose  society,  like 
other  older  men,  he  must  now  have  been  mainly  dependent, 
one  of  his  most  frequent  visitors  was  Scott,  the  companion 
of  his  son  Adam,  who  on  one  of  these  occasions,  as  is  well 
known,  made  the  acquaintance  of  the  Black  Dwarf.  Fer- 
guson's letters  from  Hallyards  are  admirable  for  their  sedate 
playfulness  and  the  quiet  and  gentle  resignation  which  they 
exhibit  to  the  growing  infirmities  of  age. 

'What  can  I  write  from  this  post,  at  which  my  prime 
consolation  is  that  I  have  nothing  to  do  but  to  wait  quietly 


till  my  time  comes.  ...  I  have  in  my  view  a  most  delightful 
kirkyarcl,  retired  and  green,  on  the  bank  of  a  running  water 
and  facing  a  verdant  hill,  ...  to  me  it  gives  the  idea  of 
silence  and  solitude  away  from  the  noise  of  folly;  and  so 
I  fancy  myself  laid  there,  with  a  stone  to  tell  the  rustic 
moralist.  ..."  I  have  seen  the  works  of  God,  it  is  now  your 
turn ;  do  you  behold  them  and  rejoice."  ' 

In  1S0(S  Ferguson  began  to  feel  that  the  infirmities  of  life 
rendered  it  desirable  that  he  should  live  in  a  town,  so  he 
took  up  residence  at  St.  Andrews,  the  place  of  his  own  edu- 
cation,^ and  that  of  his  father,  the  old  minister  of  Logierait. 

During  the  last  eight  years  of  his  life  his  relish  for  the 
society  of  the  Professors  at  the  University  and  his  other 
friends  and  neighbours  was  as  hearty  as  ever,  and  his  exul- 
tation in  1S15,  when  he  received  the  news  of  the  battle  of 
Waterloo,  '  left  no  doubt  of  the  truth  of  the  assertion  of 
his  friend  Morehead,  that  "  still  burned  a  Koman  soul  in 
Ferguson." ' 

In  February  1816  he  died,  but  (says  the  Reviewer)  'His 
last  words,  as  narrated  to  us  by  one  Avho  knew  him,  are 
amonsfst  the  most  remarkable  on  record.  Turning  to  his 
daughters,  who  surrounded  his  deathbed,  he  exclaimed, 
"  There  is  another  world  !  "  ' 

The  following  letter  from  his  son  Captain  (afterwards  Sir) 
Adam  Ferguson  will  be  found  of  interest.  It  is  addressed  to 
Robert  Ferguson  (Bob),  his  cousin,  then  at  15  Clarence  Place, 
Kingfsdown,  Bristol,  and  is  dated 

St.  Andrews,  19//i  March  1816. 

'  My  dear  Robert, — On  my  arrival  here  a  few  days  ago 
from  my  regiment  in  Ireland  my  sisters  shoAved  me  your 
excellent  letter  condoling  on  the  loss  of  our  late  dear  Father, 
whose  departure  from  this  life  Avas  as  calm  and  tranquil  as 
the  Avhole  course  of  it  had  been  upright,  pure,  and  benevolent. 
I  Avas  much  gratified  to  find  my  sisters  as  composed  and 
well  as  could  have  been  expected  after  such  a  loss,  and  had 
great  satisfaction  to  find  that  every  arrangement  that  the 

'  He  was  educated  partly  at  home,  partly  at  the  Parish  Scliool  of  Logierait, 
afterwards  in  the  Grammar  School  at  Perth,  and  in  his  sixteenth  year  he 
went  to  St.  Andrews  University,  where  he  took  an  M.A.  degree  in  July 


warmest  friendship  could  suggest  had  been  made  by  Mr. 
Cleghorn  and  other  kind  friends  here. 

'  The  repositories  were  yesterday  opened  in  presence  of 
Mr.  Cleghorn  and  Drs.  Lee  and  Robertson,  and  everything, 
as  might  have  been  expected,  was  found  in  the  best  and 
most  regular  order.  A  will  was  found  leaving  to  my  8 
sisters  the  house  and  garden  here,  with  what  little  property 
he  had  in  the  funds,  which,  with  sums  in  the  Banker's  hands 
and  a  Bond  for  £1000  will,  including  their  pension  of  £200, 
leave  them  a  clear  income  of  £500  p.  a.,  a  sum  perfectly 
sufficient  to  answer  all  their  moderate  wants,  poor  girls,  from 
the  long  and  uniform  plan  of  a^conomical  management  to 
which  they  have  been  from  their  earliest  years  accustomed. 

'  The  will  in  question  appoints  yourself  and  9  other  friends 
Trustees  for  the  purposes  of  it.  The  names  of  the  others 
are — Sir  John  Macpherson ;  Col.  Burnett ;  Mr.  Campbell  of 
Kailzie ;  Professor  James  Russell ;  Lord  Chief  Commissioner 
Adam ;  Jas.  Fergusson,  Advocate ;  Col.  M'Gill ;  Mr.  Cleghorn ; 
and  Mr.  Daniel  Robertson ;  any  three  of  these  accepting  to 
be  a  quorum.  The  business  of  the  trust  will  be  perfectly 
simple,  and  can  be  easily  managed  by  the  3  Trustees  resident 
here,  viz.,  Col.  M'Gill,  Mr.  Cleohorn,  and  Dr.  Robertson :  but 
I  will  thank  you  to  send  me  a  few  lines  declaring  your 
acceptance  of  the  trust,  to  enable  the  lawyer  to  enter  on  the 
necessary  proceedings  for  realismg  the  funds  thus  put  under 
it.  I  am  most  happy  to  say  that  my  dear  father  has 
bequeathed  to  you  his  gold  repeater  watch  as  a  slender  mark 
of  his  affectionate  regard  and  attachment.  This  is  safe  in 
sister  Bell's  custody;  and  the  sum  of  £1095,  IGs.  2d.,  being 
the  reversion  of  your  father's  estate,^  is  lodged  in  the  hands 
of  Ramsays  and  Bonar,  Bankers,  Edinburgh,  which,  along 
Avith  the  65  Long  Annuities,  will  be  without  loss  of  time 
conveyed  to  you  regularly  by  the  acting  Trustees  as  soon  as 
matters  are  put  a  little  in  train.  Neither  my  brothers  John, 
James,  or  myself  have  any  bequest,  and,  under  the  will,  only 
the  reversion  of  that  of  which  our  dear  sisters  have  so  justly 
got  the  life  rent.  Should  you  wish  a  copy  of  the  will  sent 
you  it  shall  be  done  as  soon  as  possible.  ...  As  to  my  own 

^  See  the  terms  of  old  Robert  Ferguson's  will,  page  158. 


concerns  I  am  sorry  to  say  that  I  have  been  for  4  months 
past  suffering  from  a  bad  complaint  in  the  joint  of  my  right 
knee,  which  renders  me  unfit  for  any  active  duty,  and  will, 
I  am  afraid,  compel  me  to  retire  from  the  service  on  half 
pay  for  a  year  or  two  to  come.  This  is  of  the  less  consequence 
as,  in  the  present  temper  of  the  country,  no  chance  of  pro- 
motion appears  likely  to  be  held  out  for  a  considerable  time 
to  come,  and  thank  God  I  have  a  comfortable  home  and  3 
of  the  kindest  and  most  affectionate  of  sisters,  whose  warm 
hearts  cannot  be  more  gratified  than  by  my  being  with  them. 
This  is  more  than  many  poor  fellows  of  the  cloth  at  present 
set  adrift  have  got  to  say.  The  many  warm  friends  of  my 
late  Father  and  my  brothers  are  all  heartily  disposed  to  assist 
in  making  some  sort  of  provision  for  the  latter  part  of  my 
life,  so  that  I  bear  up  under  my  misfortunes  as  becomes  the 
son  of  such  a  departed  father.^  .  .  .  Always  yours  most 
affectionately,  Adam  Ferguson.' 

The  following  is  Sir  John  Macpherson's  letter  to  '  Bob,' 
relative  to  the  Professor's  death : — 

Brompton  Grove,  2Srd  March  1816. 

'  My  dear  Sir, — Your  letter  on  the  loss  of  our  inestimable 
friend  does  honour  to  you  as  his  nephew.  It  is  one  of  the 
most  interesting  I  ever  received,  and  I  will  keep  it  with  his 
own  letters,  which  I  have  regularly  preserved  and  which 
contain  treasures  of  friendship,  philosophy,  and  wisdom.  He 
sent  me  two  years  ago  his  valuable  manuscripts.  I  shall 
take  care  that  the  public  shall  benefit  by  their  contents, 
...  I  consider  him,  from  his  publications  and  my  perfect 
knowledge  of  him  and  correspondence  with  him  from  the 
year  1765,  as  the  Caledonian  who  has  rendered  the  best 
services  to  his  native  country  and  the  age  in  which  he  lived. 

'  I  have  invariably,  as  my  letters  to  him  progressively 
testify,  attributed  to  his  instruction  the  success  of  the  public 
measures  which  I  had  the  good  Fortune  to  carry  through  in 
India.  His  ideas  and  those  of  the  great  Montesquieu  were 
my  constant  guides. 

^  He  went  on  half  pay  iu  the  following  October,  and  in  1817  became, 
mainly  through  Scott,  Keeper  of  the  Regalia  of  Scotland,  so  that  his  money 
troubles  were  over  thereafter. 


'  I  have  had  most  interesting  letters  from  Mr.  Colquhoiin 
at  St.  Andrews,  and  expect  more  soon,  relative  to  the  affairs 
of  our  late  friend.  I  will  accordingly  get  a  frank  and  write 
to  you  about  their  contents  before  long.  .  .  .  Believe  me,  my 
dear  friend,  yours  most  faithfully,  and  with  my  best  wishes 
for  your  health  and  prosperity,  John  Macpherson.' 

This  article  may  fittingly  conclude  with  the  following 
words  of  Robert  Ferguson,  M.D.     He  writes  : — 

'  Professor  Adam  Ferguson  was  greater  in  his  moral  than 
even  his  intellectual  life.  His  everyday  influence  was  such 
that  even  his  children  never  found  it  common  and  familiar, 
and  I  knew  from  one  and  all  of  them  how  deeply  they 
reverenced  his  nature.  Most  of  his  celebrated  contempo- 
raries— Robertson,  Hume,  Adam  Smith,  Home,  Carlylc,  etc., 
whatever,  if  any,  their  mental  superiority  over  him,  had 
some  strong  foible;  my  grand  uncle,  none.  His  judgment, 
therefore,  on  men  and  measures,  exhibited  in  his  Roman 
Repiihlic,  are  those  of  a  lofty  nature,  and  nothing  shoAvs  this 
more  than  his  views  of  Ctesar.' 

Professor  Adam  now  sleeps  well  in  the  romantic  old 
churchyard  of  St.  Andrews,  and  the  epitaph  which  Sir 
Walter  wrote  upon  him  records  the  virtues  of  one  who  served 
well  his  fellow-men  in  his  day  and  generation,  and  Avas  both 
a  great  and  a  good  man. 

ROBERT  FERGUSSON,  1719-1797. 

In  a  letter  dated  16th  April  1785,  from  Professor  Adam 
Ferguson  to  Sir  John  Macpherson,  he  sjDcaks  of  Robert,  his 
elder  brother,  the  subject  of  this  little  memoir,  as  'one  of 
the  honestest  men  that  ever  lived,'  and  he  adds,  with  regard 
to  the  old  man's  son, '  Bob,'  that  he  has  reason  to  believe  that 
the  latter  '  inherits  part  of  his  father's  sense  and  worthyness.' 

The  following  graphic  account  of  honest  old  Robert, 
written  in  1845,  has  been  left  on  record  by  his  grandson, 
Robert  Ferguson,  M.D. : — 

'  My  grandfather  was  one  of,  I  think,  18  children '^  [of  the 
old  minister  of  Logierait].  '  He  ran  away  from  the  paternal 
manse  and   entered   as  cabin  boy  to  some   privateers,  and 

^  There  were  only  nine. — R.  N.  F. 


ultimately  became  himself  a  noted  sailor  and  adventurer. 
He  was  a  man  of  iron  nerves ;  powerfully  built  though  barely 
above  the  middle  size.  My  father  used  to  entertain  me 
Avliole  evenings  with  anecdotes  of  my  grandfather,  which  he 
himself  gathered  by  stealth,  for  it  appeared  he  never  dared 
communicate  frankly  with  him ;  and  from  these  I  infer  that 
in  those  days  of  slaving,  largely  encouraged  by  Govermnent, 
and  of  privateering,  he  was  a  man  self  taught  in  the  midst 
of  a  hazardous  and  buccaneering  life,  in  which  he  was  noted 
for  an  extreme  independence  which  would  not  permit  him 
to  accept  the  usual  courtesies  of  society  but  most  sparingly. 

'  lie  amassed  a  large  fortune  and  purchased  with  it  planta- 
tions in  America,  where  he  settled  until  the  war  of  Inde- 
pendence drove  him  without  a  regret  to  his  native  land,  a 
comparative  beggar  until  a  pension  was  obtained  for  liim.^ 

'He  never,  or  almost  never,  spoke  to  any  one,  but  none  the 
less  he  was  a  welcome  guest  to  his  few  friends,  at  whose 
houses  he  was  most  solicitous  never  to  outstay  his  welcome. 

'  Himself  most  energetic,  he  despised  the  want  of  it  in 
others.  He  was  feared  and  respected  by  his  brothers,  especi- 
ally by  the  historian  Adam ;  but  it  was  a  rule  among  them 
never  to  believe  that  there  was  anything  irregular  (i.e. 
unusual)  in  him.  He  hated  enquiry  and  they  feared  to  jnake 
any.  He  came  and  went  equally  silently.'  [It  is  anuising 
here  to  recall  the  allusion  made  by  old  Robert  to  his  brother 
the  Professor,  in  a  letter  to  Bob  of  24th  March  1787: — 'I 
know  nothing  of  his  worldly  circumstances,  he  is  not  very 
communicative  nor  inquisitive.'  Apparently  there  was  good 
reason  for  Professor  Adam's  want  of  curiosity.] 

We  get  a  delightful  glimpse  of  old  Robert  in  a  letter  from 
Captain  James  Fergusson,^  Deputy  Governor  of  Greenwich 
Hospital  (dated  GreeuAvich,  7th  February  1788),  to  Bob  Fer- 
guson in  India. 

'  Your  worthy  father  was  well  when  I  last  heard  from 
him.  You  know  he  is  settled  at  Perth  and  has  been  twice  in 
London  since  he  settled  there.     The  last  summer  he  was  at 

^  From  allusions  in  his  letters  1  infer  that  Professor  Adam  must  have  had 
a  good  deal  to  do  with  procuring  this  pension  for  his  brother. — R.  N.  F. 
^  See  Chapter  iv. — '  Fergussons  in  Aberdeensliire. ' 


my  house  some  days,  well  and  licarty,  but  so  delicate  in 
giving  trouble,  as  lie  calls  it,  tliat  1  could  not  prevail  on  him 
to  pass  a  few  weeks  with  me.  .  .  .  You  know  he  is  a  philoso- 
pher, thinking  what  is  is  best,  always  seemingly  content.  He 
told  me  he  was  happily  lodged  in  a  comfortable  house,  and 
being  the  tennant  (sic)  of  a  wealthy  batchelor,  they  joined 
their  pence,  sent  to  market,  and  eat  and  drank  to  their  liking. 
We  correspond  together.  He  every  now  and  then  sends  me 
relishers  of  salmon  or  trout,  and  in  return  I  send  him  a 
cheese,  as  I  know  he  enjoys  it  when  on  his  holiday  excursions, 
which  he  makes  more  than  3  times  a  week,  if  hsh  can  be 
taken  with  a  fly.' 

But  to  a  person  of  old  Robert's  temperament  a  double 
menage  was  a  somewhat  risky  experiment,  and  as  a  matter  of 
fact  it  did  not  last,  and  Robert  eventually  set  up  in  another 
house  on  his  own  account.  '  There,'  says  his  grandson,  '  he 
remained  alone.  In  the  evenings  he  was  always  seen  leading 
an  old  pony  to  the  pond  himself,  followed  by  a  crowd  of 
young  urchins  Avho  left  their  play  and  looked  on  silently,  and 
fearfully  day  after  day.  My  father  told  me  the  effect  on  him- 
self was  the  same,  and  that  he  never  dared  ask  a  question, 
and  that  all  his  father's  connnands  Avere  in  few  and  authorita- 
tive words,  or  by  a  simple  gesture.'  Dr.  Robert  adds,  '  My 
father  groaned  under  his  discipline  when  a  full-grown  man, 
unable  to  resist  his  more  contirmecl  power  of  will.' 

Poor  Bob !  the  same  parental  imperiousness  under  which 
he  suffered  so  grievously  in  America  and  at  Perth,  before  he 
sailed  to  India  in  1785,  is  amusingly  evident  in  old  Robert's 
letters  to  his  son  after  the  latter  had  arrived  at  Calcutta. 
Bob  himself  was  twenty-five  or  twenty-six  years  old  when  he 
set  out  for  the  East.  He  had  held  a  sort  of  civil-militar}^ 
appointment  with  the  English  army  during  the  American  War 
(1775-82),  involving,  young  as  he  then  was,  considerable  re- 
sponsibility, and  at  one  time  the  provisioning  of  a  whole  garri- 
son. He  Avas  by  no  means  lacking  in  brains,  he  Avas  a  man 
of  good  principles,  he  had  poAverful  friends ;  and  at  his  time 
of  life  and  Avith  his  active  experiences  he  may  not  un- 
reasonably have  thought  that  he  was  tolerably  capable  of 
Avalking  alone  noAv,  Avithout  being  treated  like  a  child,  and 


without  being  addressed  in  letter  after  letter  in  the  spirit  of 
'  the  young  man's  counsellor.'  But  this  was  evidently  not  the 
father's  opinion,  and  one  can  imagine  the  unfortunate  son 
wincing  and  groaning  as  he  read  letters  which,  in  the  midst 
of  all  the  strong  affection  which  evidently  appeared  in  them, 
told  him  to  be  '  tractable,  faithfull,  and  diligent,'  that  his 
father  '  expects '  that  he  will  remain  contented  with  his  present 
situation  till  his  own  good  behaviour  points  out  a  further 
line  of  promotion  for  him — that  he  ought  to  save  half  his 
income — that  '  it  is  my  wish  that  you  would  rather  depend 
on  your  own  integrity  and  diligence  than  on  anything  which 
can  be  done  for  you  by  letters ' — that  it  is  rather  too  early  in 
life  for  him  to  be  talking  about  competency  and  independ- 
ence, and  that  his  '  business '  is  to  be  '  patient  and  diligent '  in 
his  present  station — that  he  must  be  more  cautious  in  future 
in  putting  his  money  '  into  the  hands  of  idle  youngsters,'  and 
finally  that  his  father  trusts  in  God  he  will  never  be  guilty  of 
the  crime  of  forgery. 

Nor  was  stout  old  Robert  quite  the  man  to  appeal  to  for 
soft  sympathy  on  the  subject  of  aches  and  pains.  Bob  has 
evidently  become  rather  sorry  for  himself,  and  has  written  an 
account  of  his  sufferings  to  his  father,  with  the  result  that  he 
is  told  (July  1788),  'you  should  not  alarm  yourself  too  much 
about  the  pain  in  your  breast.  I  have  been  afflicted  with  the 
same  almost  all  my  life  and  am  now  in  my  sixty-ninth  year.' 
Bob  tries  again  in  1795,  and  is  told  (March  1796) '  I  am  sorry 
to  find  that  you  still  labour  under  a  troublesome  pain  in 
your  breast.  All  the  consolation  that  I  can  give  you  on  that 
head  is  that  from  my  infancy  I  have  had  the  same  complaint, 
with  a  frequent  spitting  of  blood  which  alarmed  me  much  in 
my  younger  days,  but  now  that  I  have  outlived  almost  all 
my  former  acquaintances  I  think  very  little  about  it,'  and 
then  the  worthy  old  fellow  gives  Bob,  Avho  has  probably  been 
suffering  many  things  at  the  hands  of  physicians,  a  practical 
hint,  the  value  of  which  will  be  appreciated  by  every  one  who 
reads  this  and  has  tried  it.  '  I  always  find  more  relief  from 
moderate  journeys  on  horseback  than  from  any  prescription 
of  the  Faculty.' 

Short  as  these  letters  are,  and  few  in  number,  the  pictures 


they  give  us  of  the  old  ruined  buccaneer's  life  and  character 
are  truly  dehghtful.  I  proceed  to  quote  from  some  of  them. 
He  dates  from  Perth  : — 

March  1787.  'There  is  no  alteration  in  my  own  affairs 
since  you  left  mc.  I  can  recover  nothing  from  America. 
New  England  is  all  in  confusion  and  under  arms ;  my  allow- 
ance of  £90  a  year  from  Gov*"  still  continues,  which  not  only 
furnishes  me  with  what  I  call  a  comfortable  subsistence,  but 
also  enables  me  to  assist  some  poor  relations.'  .  ,  . 

July  1788.  '  My  £90  still  continues  to  me,  nor  have  I  any- 
thing further  to  expect  from  that  quarter  nor  indeed  from  any 
other,  but  I  am  still  contented,  nor  am  I  a  shilling  indebted 
to  any  man.  Should  you  remit  any  money  to  England  dur- 
ing my  life  I  shall  endeavour  to  lodge  it  in  the  funds  for  your 
use,  as  I  may  probably  rubb  {sic)  through  the  short  re- 
mainder of  my  life  without  being  burdensome  to  any  of  my 
frends.'  .  .  . 

Nov.  1788.  '  I  enjoy  my  ordinary  state  of  health,  nor  am 
I  discontented.  It  is  a  considerable  addition  to  my  happiness 
to  learn  from  all  your  letters  that  you  are  doing  well.  My 
brother,  the  Professor  at  Edinburgh,  enjoys  better  health 
than  he  has  done  for  several  years  past.' 

May  1790.  '  My  brother  at  Edinburgh  is  very  infirm,  dis- 
abled by  an  ajDoplectic  stroke.  I  enjoy  tollerable  health  for  a 
man  at  my  time  of  life,  being  now  turned  of  70  years.  I 
pray  for  the  continuance  of  your  health  and  prosperity.' 

March  1791.  '  There  is  no  alteration  in  my  own  affairs.  I 
am  now  upwards  of  70  years  of  age,  enjoy  tollerable  health, 
hve  very  recluse,  take  all  the  exercise  I  can,  my  wants  are 
but  few  and  I  am  contented.'  .  .  . 

Aug.  1791.  'Although  I  hope  that  you  will  never  have 
occasion  for  any  trifle  that  I  may  leave  behind  at  my  death, 
I,  about  2  years  ago  made  a  will  in  your  favour,  and  failing  of 
you  in  favour  of  my  brother  the  Professor  and  his  eldest  son 
Adam,  whom  I  have  appointed  my  executors,  at  the  same 
time  allotting  most  of  the  interest  towards  the  support,  dur- 
ing their  lives,  of  a  brother  and  sister  who  are  older  than 


myself,  and  whom  I  at  present  snpply  with  nearly  half  my 
income ;  my  own  wants  being  but  few.' 

Oct.  1793.  'I  have  to  lament  the  death  of  our  worthy 
friend,  Duncan  Stewart,  who  died  at  London  some  weeks 
ago.  Fewe  or  none  of  my  old  friends  are  now  remaining.  I 
have  enjoyed  better  health  last  summer  than  in  some  years 
past,  but  whether  or  not  I  shall  rub  through  the  winter  is 
very  uncertain.'  ... 

Oct.  1794.  .  .  .  '  I  am  happy  to  learn  that  you  are  verging 
towards  a  state  of  independency.  You  say  that  it  will  be  4 
or  5  years  before  you  can  leave  India.  I  do  not  expect  to 
live  to  see  you,  which  is  of  very  little  consequence  providing 
you  are  well  and  happy.  Passages  during  the  present  bloody 
war  are  extremely  dangerous  and  precarious.  ...  As  for  my- 
self I  have  enjoyed  tollerable  health  last  winter  and  this 
summer,  and  am  much  easier  in  my  circumstances  than  when 
you  left  me,  partly  owing  to  the  cheap  living  in  this  place, 
and  partly  owing  to  son:ie  remittances  that  I  have  received 
from  Newport  (America).  Adam  is  studying  the  law  at  Edin- 
burgh. His  father  (the  Professor)  is  lately  arrived  in  good 
health  from  Italy  where  he  spent  the  last  winter.  This  is  a 
very  pleasant  place  during  the  summer,  and  the  winter  much 
milder  than  at  Newport.  We  have  very  fine  walks  along  the 
riverside,  which  is  as  clear  as  cristal  and  abounding  in  salmon 
and  trout.' 

March  1795.  'I  have  enjoyed  better  health  this  winter 
than  for  some  years  past  at  the  same  season,  although  the 
winter  has  been  the  severest  that  has  been  felt  in  Europe 
since  the  year  1740.' 

Nov.  1795.  'I  am  still  going  about  and  enjoy  toUerably 
good  health.  I  continue  to  receive  some  small  remittances 
from  Newport.  As  most  of  my  acquaintances  are  gone  I  lead 
a  recluse  life  without  being  uneasy.  My  fishing  rod  diverts 
me  in  summer  and  a  book  or  newspaper  in  winter.' 

But  the  end  was  not  far  off  now,  and  he  writes  on  Mh 
March  1796:— 

'  I  have  enjoyed  tollerable  health  this  winter  but  am  fre- 


quently  troubled  with  a  giddiness,  a  weakness  in  my  eyes 
and  a  feebleness  in  my  limbs,  which  are  often  the  attendants 
of  old  age.  ...  I  hope  that  the  next  campaign  may  put  an 
end  to  this  most  horrid  and  bloody  war,  and  that  you  may 
have  a  safe  passage  (home)  free  from  any  apprehension  of  an 
attack  from  the  enemy.' 

8th  Aug.  1796.  .  .  .  '  I  have  been  struck  with  a  paralytic 
stroke  which  has  disabled  me  much.  A  recovery  at  my  time 
of  life  is  not  to  be  expected,  but  as  the  fever  which  attended 
it  is  much  abated,  I  may  perhaps  stagger  along  some  moneths 
(sic)  longer,  but  whether  I  shall  rub  through  next  winter  is 
very  doubtfull.  The  warr  (sic)  still  continues,  and  this  coun- 
try is  become  extremely  expensive ;  every  article  of  life  is 
double  the  price  when  you  left  it.  The  Professor  and  his 
family  I  am  told  are  well.  I  have  not  heard  from  Newport  for 
IS  months,  nor  do  I  expect  any  further  remitf^^^  from  there.' 

This  is  the  last  letter  in  the  collection.  In  February  1797 
this  truly  noble  old  man  died,  and  Professor  Adam  writes  to 
Bob  from  Hallyards  on  the  1st  March  1797  : — 

'  My  dear  Sir, — I  am  sorry  to  acquaint  you  of  your  worth}' 
father's  departure  from  this  life.  At  his  age  the  event  is  not 
a  matter  of  surprise,  and  he  met  it  with  great  calmness  and 
in  the  full  possession  of  all  his  faculties  to  the  last,  though 
under  much  suffering  and  bodily  distress.  In  the  course  of 
last  year  he  had  a  paralytic  stroke  from  which  he  in  a  great 
measure  recovered ;  but  in  winter  he  became  dropsical,  and 
suffered  so  much  from  a  stifling  in  his  breast  that  for  many 
weeks  before  his  death  he  could  not  be  laid  in  a  bed.  I  en- 
close for  your  satisfaction  copies  of  his  will  executed  some 
years  ago,  and  of  a  codicil  subjoined  during  his  last  illness,  in 
both  of  which  he  has  with  great  humanity  attended  to  the 
necessities  of  poor  and  deserving  relations,  by  allotting  certain 
annuities  for  which  I  make  no  doubt  his  funds  are  sufficient, 
although  I  have  not  yet  received  a  particular  state  of  them. 
This  my  son  is  now  making  out  from  the  papers  which  are  in 
his  hands,  and  of  which  we  shall  transmit  a  copy  to  you.  It 
was  difficult  to  save  much  from  the  wreck  of  a  fortune  which 
was  on  the  losing  side  of  a  great  revolution;  but  there  is 


reason  to  believe  that  he  recovered  as  much  as  could  be 
expected,  and  lie  lived  in  this  country  with  but  little  expense 
besides  some  of  the  charities  which  he  has  continued  in  his  will. 

'  I  reproach  myself  frequently  for  not  more  regularly 
acknowledging  the  letters  with  which  you  have  favoured  me. 
Not  being  much  a  man  of  business  my  habits  have  been 
during  great  part  of  my  life  to  defer  and  procrastinate  letters, 
till  there  was  a  danger  of  their  being  forgotten  altogether  ; 
and  as  most  of  my  friends  know  this  failing,  and  that  I  would 
not  neglect  any  matter  of  consequence,  they  were  ever  ready 
to  forgive  me,  which  I  hope  you  will  also,  and  not  discon- 
tinue to  me  the  satisfaction  of  hearing  of  your  welfare. 

'  I  send  this  little  packet  to  my  friend  Sir  John  Macpherson, 
who  I  hope  will  forward  it  and  direct  it  properly.  As  I  have 
taken  to  a  country  life  at  this  place  you  will  please  direct 
your  letters  accordingly  to  me  at  Hallyards.  .  .  .  Most  affec- 
tionately yours.  Adam  Ferguson.' 

The  codicil  above  referred  to,  dated  4th  January  1797,  I 
think  worth  quoting  almost  entire : — 

'  Know  all  men  by  these  presents,  I  Mr.  Robert  Fergusson, 
presently  residing  in  Perth.  Whereas  I  sometime  ago 
executed  a  deed  or  later  will  which  is  not  at  present  in  my 
custody,  by  which  I  appointed  my  brother.  Professor  Adam 
Ferguson,  and  Adam  Ferguson  his  son  to  be  my  executors 
for  behoof  of  Robert  Ferguson  my  son,  and  being  now 
resolved  to  make  a  codicil  thereto,  I  do  hereby  appoint,  bind, 
and  oblige  my  said  executors  and  son  to  consent  to  pay  to 
each  of  my  nieces  aftermentioned,  but  whose  names  I  do  not 
at  present  recollect,  a  yearly  free  annuity  of  £10  sterling 
during  each  of  their  lives.  .  .  .  The  nieces  I  allude  to  are 
the  2  daughters  of  my  brother  Alexander  Ferguson,  now  in 

Coupar  Angus ;    Miss  Wilkie,   at  present   unmarried, 

daughter  of  my  sister,  Janet  Ferguson,  relict  of  the  deceased 

Wilkie,  in  Coupar  Angus  ;  and  the  daughters,  either 

3  or  4  I  think,  of  my  said  brother.  Professor  Ferguson  at 
Edinburgh.  But  it  is  hereby  declared  that  in  case  the 
interest  of  my  free  funds  and  effects  which  I  shall  die 
possessed    of,   after   my   debts    and    funeral    expenses    are 


deducted,  shall  not  be  sufficient  for  answering  the  amount 
of  the  said  annuities,  then  they  are  to  be  restricted  to  such  a 
sum  as  the  said  interest  will  afford  to  pay ;  but  whatever  the 
interest  may  arise  to,  the  annuities  are  not  to  exceed  the 
sum  of  £10  sterhng  to  each  of  my  nieces  above  mentioned. 
And  further,  I  appoint  my  said  executors  and  son  immediately 
after  my  death  to  dehver  to  the  said  Professor  Adam  Ferguson, 
my  brother,  my  watches,  silver  spoons,  a  small  pocket  tele- 
scope, and  a  gold-headed  cane,  and  to  his  son,  the  said  Adam 
Ferguson,  my  set  of  gold  waistcoat  buttons,  with  any  other 
little  trinkett  he  may  chuse.  And  I  request  my  nephew 
Adam  Stewart  of  Blackhill  to  accept  of  one  of  my  fowling- 
pieces  and  an  African  gold  head  of  a  cane  which  will  be  found 
in  my  desk.  And  I  appoint  my  small  Galloway  horse  [one 
can  picture  the  old  man  leading  the  animal  himself  daily  to 
water]  with  my  old  saddle  to  be  given  to  my  friend  and 
acquaintance  William  Wright,  merchant  in  Perth.  And 
further,  I  bequeath  to  my  brother  Alexander  Ferguson  and 
my  sister  Janet  Ferguson  above  named  the  whole  of  my 
household  furniture,  bed  and  table  linen,  and  my  whole 
wearing  apparel,  excepting  a  tent  bed  and  mattrass,  which  I 
order  to  be  given  to  the  youngest  daughter  of  my  nephew 
Adam  Stewart  of  Blackball,  and  two  pieces  and  a  half  of  un- 
made linen,  which  I  appoint  to  be  given  to  the  daughters  of 
my  brother  Professor  Ferguson  ...  in  witness  whereof  these 
presents  are  written  and  upon  stamped  paper  by  Alexander 
Burnett,  writer  in  Perth,  and  subscribed  by  me  at  Perth,  the 
14th  Jany  1797  years,  before  these  witnesses,  Robert  Stewart, 
merchant  in  Perth,  and  the  said  Alexander  Burnet. 

'  (Signed)        Robert  Fergusson.' 

Adam  ^  writes  to  the  old  man's  son  on  the  25th  April 
1800  as  follows  :— 

'  Though  I  had  not  the  satisfaction  of  performing  the  last 
melancholy  duty  of  closing  the  eyes  of  your  good  father,  I 
was  with  him  for  some  time  about  a  week  immediately 
preceding  his  death.  He  often  mentioned  your  name  with 
much  tenderness  and  affection,  and  said  his  chief  regret  at 

1  Afterwards  Sir  Adam. 


quitting  this  life  was  that  he  had  not  had  the  satisfaction  of 
seeing  his  "  boy "  before  departure.  During  the  three  last 
weeks  of  his  life  he  suffered  much  bodily  pain,  which  he  bore 
with  the  utmost  patience  and  resignation.  It  is  almost 
unnecessary  for  me  to  inform  you  that  he  died  universally 
regretted  and  in  the  highest  estimation  with  his  fellow-citizens 
of  Perth. — I  am,  my  dear  sir,  yours  very  affectionately, 

'  Adam  Ferguson.' 

So  lived  and  so  died  Robert  Ferguson  ;  and  if  to  bear  with 
equal  mind  great  prosperity  and  the  buffets  of  adversity,  to 
endure  bodily  suffering  with  manly  resolution,  to  think  little 
of  self  and  nuich  of  others  ;  to  manifest  gratitude  to  benefac- 
tors,^ and  a  truly  splendid  generosity  on  most  limited  means ; 
to  endeavour  so  to  live  as  to  be  a  burden  to  none,  to  owe  no 
man  a  shilling,  to  set  his  child  and  his  fellow-men  the  example 
of  an  honest,  righteous  man,  taking  the  days  as  they  came, 
and  making  the  best  of  the  fate  which  God  was  pleased  to 
appoint  to  him — if  such  things  as  these  are  the  test  of  true 
srreatness  of  soul  and  of  real  worth  in  man,  then  in  this  stern, 
silent,  simple-living,  loving-hearted  philosopher  we  have  one 
more  of  the  many  many  proofs  of  the  truth  of  Henry 
Taylor's  famous  line — 

'  The  world  knows  nothing  of  its  greatest  men.' 

It  is  interesting  to  learn  from  his  grandson's  mss.  that  when 
the  latter  visited  Perth  in  1820,  twenty- three  years  after 
Robert  had  laid  down  the  burden  of  the  flesh,  the  house  this 
fine  old  man  had  inhabited  was  still  pointed  out  as  that  of 
'  Captain  Ferguson.' 

'  BOB  '    FERGUSON 
Died  1 830.     Son  of  Mr.  Robert  Ferguson  (1719-97) 

Robert  Ferguson,  M.D.,  Bob's  son,  gives  the  following 
graphic  account  of  his  male  parent : — 

'  In  his  person  my  father  was  not  tall,  but  exceedingly 
handsome.^     In  his  mind  acute,  thoughtful   and    cautious, 

^  He  journeyed  all  the  way  to  London  to  thank  Sir  J.  Macpherson  for  his 
kindness  to  Bob  his  son. 

-  This  is  amply  borne  out  by  a  beautiful  half-length  portrait  of  him  now  in 
my  possession,  taken  when  he  might  have  been  sixty  years  old  or  more,  and 
by  an  equally  beautiful  miniature  in  the  possession  of  my  sister  Marion.     A 



the  stern  affection  of  my  grandfather  appeared  to  me  to  have 
made  him  reserved,  grave  and  very  shy.  He  said  httle,  but 
had  the  power  of  putting  as  much  pith  and  satire  into  that 
as  I  ever  knew.  I  never  dreaded  anything  so  much  as  his 
merciless  comments  on  anything  I  did.  I  have  laughed  and 
cried  more  from  his  biting  ridicule  than  from  all  the  buft'etings 
and  jokes  of  all  the  rest  of  the  world.  He  was  a  capital 
adviser,  and  treated  me  as  a  man  Avhen  I  was  a  child,  ofave 


me  his^?ro.s  and  cons  without  reserve,  and  generally  told  me 
in  a  few  words  that  if  I  did  so  and  so  I  should  go  to  the 
Devil — and  he  left  me  the  full  choice  of  doing  so.  He  never 
influenced  me  directly  in  anything.  I  was  to  choose  my 
path — a  great  error,  for  a  parent  should  have  given  his  son 
the  benefit  of  his 'own  worldly  experience.'     I  do  not  know 

very  small  but  pleasant  little  picture  of  him  is  in  the  possession  of  the 
Misses  Labalmoudiere,  the  sisters  of  my  father's  first  wife,  Cecilia — now  of 
61  Montague  Square,  Hyde  Park. — R.  N.  F. 



the  year  of  Bob's  birth.  His  own  account  of  his  early  life  is 
given  in  an  undated  letter  to  Lord  Cornwallis,  then  Governor- 
General  of  India,  written  from  America  some  time  subsequent 
to  1801.  '  My  father  settled  in  this  country  (America),  and  I 
was  born  and  educated  in  it.  It  was  the  scene  of  my  early 
jDublic  service,  having  been  employed  in  various  stations  with 
the  British  Army  from  the  capture  of  Rhode  Island  until  the 
close  of  the  American  War  (1782).  When  Count  D'Estang 
entered  that  harbour  with  thirteen  sail  of  the  line,  and  the 
Americans  effected  a  landing,  though  at  that  time  very 
young,  as  Clerk  of  Issues  in  the  Conmiissary  Dej^artment,  I 
had  charge  of  the  provisions  of  the  whole  garrison.  At  the 
evacuation  of  that  island  I  was  induced  to  accept  an  appoint- 
ment in  the  Civil  Branch  of  the  Royal  Artillery.  I  remained 
at  New  York  only  a  few  months,  when  I  embarked  with  the 
reinforcement  which  was  ordered  against  Calcutta.  I  was 
present  at  the  siege,  took  my  tour  of  duty  in  the  lines  to  see 
that  the  batteries  were  supplied  with  ammunition  and  the 
guns  with  their  necessary  side-arms,  and  at  the  capitulation 
of  the  garrison,  on  the  12th  May  1780,  and  as  a  civil  officer 
attached  to  the  Royal  Artillery,  and  appointed  for  the  purpose 
of  taking  an  account  of  the  Ordnance  and  Military  stores,  I  had 
the  honour  to  march  in  the  rear  of  the  detachment  of  British 
Grenadiers  that  took  possession  of  the  Horn  work.  The  Peace 
(1782)  put  a  stop  to  iny  half  civil  and  military  career,  and 
ultimately  through  the  friendship  of  the  late  Commodore 
George  Johnstone,  I  went  from  England  to  Bengal'  (in  1785). 
We  have  already  seen  how  Bob's  father  was  ruined  by  the 
American  War,  and  how  he  returned  to  England  a  com- 
parative beggar.  What  Bob  was  doing  between  the  Peace 
and  1785  we  have  no  means  of  knowing.  On  the  16th  April 
in  that  year  Professor  Ferguson,  his  uncle,  writes  as  follows 
to  Sir  John  Macpherson  ^  on  his  behalf : — 

'Edin.,  16th  Ajml  1785. 

'  My  dear  Sir,— Since  your  last  to  me  I  have  ventured  to 
give  some  introductory  letters  to  oblige  my  friends  here,  and 
I  am  sensible  that  I  ought  to  spare  you  a  trouble  which  your 

^  At  that  time  Governor-General  of  India  (February  1785),  though  the 
Professor,  of  course,  was  not  aware  of  this,  and  addresses  him  as  a  member 
of  the  Supreme  Council  of  Bengal. 


situation  will  draw  upon  you  most  abundantly ;  but  the 
bearer  of  this  has  too  strong  a  claim  upon  me  to  be  resisted. 
He  is  the  son  of  my  brother,  one  of  the  honestest  men  that 
ever  lived.  He  was  born  in  America,  and  I  have  never  seen 
him,  but  am  certain  he  will  not  disgrace  your  protection. 
His  father  and  he  are  refugees  from  that  lost  continent,  and 
partake  in  the  distress  which  a  rooted  affection  to  this  country 
has  brought  upon  many.  The  son,  by  the  unalterable  kind- 
ness of  G.  Johnston,^  and  his  insuppressable  favour  in  behalf 
of  honest  men,  has  obtained  leave  to  sro  to  India,  thousfh 
without  any  destination  or  appointment.  I  have  reason  to 
believe  that  he  inherits  part  of  his  father's  sense  and  worthy- 
ness,  and  is  qualifyed  for  business,  and  hope  you  will  tind 
protection  and  good  offices  for  him  without  interfering  with 
pupils  of  more  expectation.  His  name  is  Robert  Ferguson, 
and  so  I  present  him  to  you. 

'  We  are  here  nearly  in  the  same  state  as  when  you  heard 
of  us  last.  The  children  all  well :  your  namesake  John ' 
[afterwards  the  Admiral,  but  at  this  time  only  nine  months 
old]  '  particularly  thriving,  though  he  is  not  yet  apprised  of 
his  relation  to  you.  The  mother  and  I  frail  and  useless,  with 
little  object  but  that  of  keeping  ourselves  alive  till  the  others 
can  do  for  themselves.  In  all  this  I  hope  you  will  not 
perceive  any  touches  of  melancholy,  for  my  spirits  play  very 
easily  upon  a  Gentoo  diet  without  being  tied  down  to  the 
formalities  of  any  caste  or  exposed  to  the  caprice  or  rapacity 
of  any  master,  whether  Christian  or  Moor.  ...  I  am,  my 
dear  sir,  your  most  affectionate  and  humble  servant, 

'  Adam  Ferguson.' 

The  following  letter  was  sent  on  Bob's  behalf  to  Lord 
Macartney,  Governor  of  Madras,  by  Captain  Ferguson,  Deputy- 
Governor  of  Greenwicli  Hospital : — 

'UhJuly  1785. 

'  My  Lord, — Though  not  entitled  to  ask  favours  of  your 
Lordship,  as  the  honour  of  your  acquaintance  was  but  short 
at  Granada '  [of  which  Lord  Macartney  had  been  Governor], 

^  See  'Adam  Ferguson,'  p.  145,  note,  where  Johnstone's  letter  of  introduc- 
tion for  Bob  is  quoted  from. 


'  when  I  commanded  His  Majesty's  ship  Venus,  yet  from  the 
attachment  I  have  to  the  bearer,  Mr.  Robert  Ferguson, 
I  cannot  help  sohciting  your  countenance  to  him,  as  his 
Father  is  a  most  worthy  man  (and  brother  of  Mr.  Adam  Fer- 
guson, author  of  the  Essay  on  Cwil  Society),  who  by  the 
'unfortunate  war  with  America  is  from  great  affluence  reduced 
to  the  small  pittance  Government  are  pleased  to  give  him,  so 
that  the  son  is  obliged  to  go  look  for  bread  in  a  foreign  land. 
He  has  been  bred  to  figures,  and  gave  great  satisfaction  to 
the  Ordnance  Board  in  his  accounts,  being  employed  in  that 
branch  in  America,  and  from  the  knowledge  I  have  of  him 
he  is  all  I  could  wish.  Any  little  favour  you  may  confer  on 
him  shall  be  most  gratefully  acknowledged  by  him  who  has 
the  honour  to  be,  my  Lord,  your  Lordship's  most  obedient 
and  most  humble  servant,  Jas.  Fergusson.' 

Sir  J.  Macpherson's  kindness  procured  Bob  a  place  almost 
immediately.  He  was  made  '  Superintendent  of  the  French 
Salt '  at  Ishera— that  is,  he  had  the  control  and  storage  of 
the  salt  landed  by  French  traders  at  that  place ;  and  it  was 
by  his  advice  that  the  system  of  permits  was  introduced,  by 
which  an  excess  of  French  coast  salt  was  thereafter  avoided. 
He  was  at  one  time  in  a  position  of  extreme  difficulty  owing 
to  the  decision  of  the  then  Governor-General,  Lord  Cornwalhs, 
that  the  salt  was  to  be  stored  in  the  vicinity  of  Calcutta,  where 
no  proper  provision  for  its  reception  had  been  made  ;  but  by 
energetic  action  he  succeeded  in  surmounting  all  obstacles 
and  carrying  out  the  order  of  the  Governor. 

It  was  during  this  time  that  poor  young  Joseph  Ferguson, 
his  cousin,  landed  in  India,  and  received  great  kindness  and 
attention  from  Bob  till  the  lad's  health  broke  down  and  he 
returned  to  Edinburgh  in  1792-3. 

In  1793  Bob's  tenure  of  office  appears  to  have  expired, 
though  for  what  reason  I  do  not  know  ;  and  he  was  only  in 
temporary  employment  in  connection  with  the  salt-work.  He 
laid  his  case  before  Lord  Cornwallis,  who  said  that  '  the  least 
he  could  do '  was  to  aid  him  to  a  place.  Such  a  place  was 
soon  forthcoming.  The  Board  of  Trade  of  India  took  over 
the  Salt  Department  in  1793,  and  on  the  11th  April  in  that 


year  lie  was  appointed  '  Keeper  of  the  Company's  Salt  Golas 
(or  houses)  at  Sulkie,'  at  a  salary  of  300  rupees  a  month  and 
100  rupees  a  month  for  house  rent.  This  appointment  he 
held  till  his  resignation  of  his  office  and  departure  from  India 
for  America  in  1801. 

But  while  holding  the  merely  temporary  employment  he 
ventured  on  an  exceedingly  risky  experiment.  He  made 
representations  to  Lord  Cornwallis  of  the  importance  of 
having  one  place  for  landing  all  the  coast  salt,  and  in  antici- 
pation of  the  decision  he  procured  at  his  own  risk  all  the 
material  for  building  golas  and  a  house  for  the  superin- 
tendent. The  place  was  approved,  but  for  some  reason  which 
is  not  apparent  from  the  correspondence,  the  East  India 
Company  flatly  refused  to  compensate  him  for  his  outlay  ; 
thus  providing  him  with  a  grievance  which  lasted  him  all  the 
rest  of  his  life.  '  These  golas,'  writes  his  son,  '  were  the  only 
subject  on  which  he  prosed  and  bored  me  to  death.' 

Bob's  place  at  Sulkie  seems  not  to  have  been  a  bed  of 
roses.  He  writes  to  Lord  Cornwallis  :  '  The  difficulties  I  had 
to  contend  with  were  by  no  means  small.  I  had  scarcely 
taken  charge  of  my  office  before  numerous  complaints  were 
preferred  by  the  agent  for  the  contractor  against  the  servants 
of  that  station  ;  the  hired  golas  were  burnt  down  and  the 
Company's  property  lay  exposed  to  pilferage  and  the  weather. 
This  I  had  to  secure.  I  had  other  golas  to  build  for  the 
reception  of  the  salt  that  was  daily  arriving  .  .  .  and  from 
exertion  under  exposure  to  the  sun  I  lost  my  health.  .  .  . 
Mr.  Cotton  can  inform  your  Lordship  that  Sunday,  which  is 
a  day  of  rest  to  most  men  employed  in  the  public  service  in 
India,  was  to  me  a  day  of  labour,  and  that  the  salt  received 
on  those  daj^s  frequently  amounted  to  10,000  maunds.  That 
gentleman  can  also  inform  your  Lordship  that  the  office 
which  I  held  under  the  Board  of  Trade  was  frequently  vexa- 
tious and  harassing  on  account  of  the  vanity  of  the  tempers  of 
those  with  whom  I  had  to  transact  the  public  business,  and  I 
hope  that  he  may  be  also  able  to  add '  (he  says  quaintly) '  that 
on  such  occasions  I  have  generally  preserved  mine.' 

In  1799  occurred  the  sad  death  of  young  Joseph,  which 
had  so  deep  an  effect  on  Bob  that  he  was  utterly  broken 


down,  and  found  it  necessary  to  throw  up  his  place.  How- 
ever, after  a  while  he  resumed  it,  though  he  had  to  use  much 
interest  to  get  it  back. 

In  the  same  year  his  son  Robert  (M.D.)  was  born,  and  in 
the  following  year,  1800,  his  daughter  Catherine,  afterwards 
married  to  James  Gary,  D.D.,  son  of  the  translator  of  Dante, 
whose  body  lies  in  Poets'  Corner,  Westminster  Abbey.  In 
1801  he  set  off  for  America,  probably  to  see  whether  anything 
could  be  made  of  the  wreck  of  his  father's  property  there. 

After  this  the  actual  records  of  him  are  scanty.     He  had 

saved  money  in  India,  as  so  eagerly  desired  by  his  father, 

and  eventually  he  appears  to  have  realised  a  large  fortune. 

He  came  home  to  England  and  settled  there,  living  at  Bath 

and  Bristol,  in  constant  correspondence  with  his  Ferguson 

relatives,  who  loved  him  heartily,  and  in  1816  we  find  him 

one  of  the  trustees  of  Professor  Adam  Ferguson's  will,  and 

Qfivino-  an  account  of  the  Professor's  death  to  Sir  John  Mac- 
is        o 

pherson.  He  lived  on  to  1830  ;  but,  as  with  his  father  before 
him,  misfortune  fell  heavily  upon  him,  and  his  money  was 
almost  wholly  lost,  mainly,  it  is  believed,  through  investments 
made  in  Spanish  Bonds.  The  great  crash  occurred  in  1823. 
In  the  later  years  of  his  life  he  chose  to  be  as  much  as  possible 
alone;  occupied  a  lodging  at  22  Judd  Place, New  Road, and  then 
at  15  Southampton  Place,  New  Road,  London,  where  he  dwelt 
reclusely,  and  died  suddenly  in  the  month  of  October  1830, 
two  days  after  his  son's  marriage  to  Cecilia  Labalmondiere. 

He  was  buried  in  the  churchyard  of  St.  George's,  Blooms- 
bury,  but  in  1881  the  churchyard  was  closed  and  the  grave- 
stones transported  to  the  open  space  in  Henrietta  Street,  near 
Brunswick  Square,  now  a  recreation  ground.  Of  his  stone 
no  trace  now  exists. 


Second  son  of  the  Professor,  died  1799. 

The  sad  story  of  this  young  man's  life  and  early  death  comes 
now  to  bo  told. 

The  Professor's  original  intention  had  been  that  Joseph 
should  be  bred  an  advocate,  but  it  was  not  so  to  be.     The  lad 


had  set  his  heart  on  the  arm}^,  and  in  1791  arrangements 
were  made  for  him  that  he  should  go  out  to  India  as  a  cadet 
of  Artillery.  His  uncle,  old  Mr.  Ferguson  of  Perth  (1719- 
1797),  the  Professor's  elder  brother,  describes  him  at  this 
time  as  '  a  modest  and  promising  youth,'  and  his  cousin 
Adam  states  that  his  '  qualities  were  of  the  most  amiable 
kind,  joined  to  much  personal  spirit  and  gallantry.' 

The  boy  accordingly  left  his  home,  which  Avas  at  this  time 


'  The  Sciennes,'  near  the  Grange,  in  the  suburbs  of  Edin- 
burgh, and  started  for  India,  the  intention  of  his  friends  being 
that  he  should,  on  his  arrival,  be  looked  after  and  cared  for 
by  the  Professor's  brother-in-law.  Captain  Burnett.  Old  Mr. 
Ferguson  wrote  on  his  nephew's  behalf  to  his  son  '  Bob '  at 
Calcutta.  '  I  need  not  repeat  to  you,'  says  the  fine  old  fellow, 
'  the  many  obligations  that  both  you  and  I  lie  under  to  his 
father,  and  therefore  I  expect  you  will   receive  him  as  a 


brother  and  supply  liiiii  with  such  necessaries  or  money  as 
he  may  want  until  such  time  as  he  is  provided  for.  His 
father  will  re-imburse  you  if  necessary.  I  know  that  I  need 
not  press  you  on  this  head,  and  that  you  will  be  happy  in  this 
young  man's  acquaintance.'    [The  cousins  had  not  yet  met.] 

Professor  Ferguson  wrote  at  the  same  time  to  his  nephew 
Bob  as  follows  : — 

'London,  19?/i  ilfarcA  1792. 

'  My  dear  Sir, — The  bearer,  Joseph  Ferguson,  my  son, 
carrys  a  letter  from  his  Father  to  you  which  might  be  suffi- 
cient for  every  purpose,  but  I  cannot  let  him  depart  without 
some  expression  of  ray  affection  for  you  and  full  confidence 
that  as  far  as  you  have  opportunity  you  will  be  as  a  brother 
to  him.  His  uncle,  Captain  Burnett,  will,  I  hope,  be  in 
Bengali  (sic)  to  receive  him  at  his  arrival  and  be  his  parent 
there ;  but  in  his  absence  I  shall  rely  on  you  and  gratefully 
repay  any  supply  that  may  be  necessary  to  him.  He  has 
many  letters  :  one  in  particular  to  Colonel  Koss,^  in  which  I 
remind  him  of  my  thanks  for  good  offices  to  you,  of  which  I 
shall  be  glad  to  know  the  continuance.  It  will  be  obliging  to 
drop  me  a  letter  with  the  return  of  ships  from  India  with 
accounts  of  yourself  and  this  young  person  on  his  joining  the 
corps  to  which  he  is  appointed. — I  am,  my  dear  sir,  your 
most  affectionate  and  most  humble  servant, 

'  Adam  Ferguson.' 

It  might  have  well  been  hoped  that  this  '  fine  gallant 
young  man,'  as  (Sir)  Adam  calls  him,  was  now  fairly  started 
on  an  honourable  career,  and  that  with  such  friends  and  such 
influence  behind  him  he  might  rise  high  in  the  Indian  army ; 
but  it  appears  that  his  health  broke  down  in  the  East,  and  in 
a  letter  dated  Perth,  13th  October  1793,  we  find  old  Robert 
Ferguson  writing  as  follows  to  Bob  in  India : — 

'  Joseph,  your  cousin,  is  arrived  at  Edinburgh  some  weeks 
ago.  I  had  a  letter  from  him  thanking  me  for  your  kindness 
to  him,  and  acquainting  me  that  his  return  was  for  want  of 
health.  He  must  have  been  sent  out  at  a  very  considerable 
expense  both  of  interest  and  money,  and  I  suppose  that  his 

^  Secretary  to  Lord  Cornwallis,  who  was  Governor-General  of  India, 


Ensigncy  might  have  been  obtained  at  home  at  less  than  a 
quarter  of  the  expense.  His  father  (the  Professor)  has  gone 
for  (sic)  Italy  to  spend  the  winter,  and  I  believe  that  he  met 
Joseph  in  London.     I  know  not  how  ho  relished  his  returne.' 

In  spite  of  this  unhappy  failure,  young  Joseph's  heart  was 
still  with  the  army,  and  on  the  4th  October  1794  old  Mr. 
Ferguson  writes  from  Perth  to  '  Bob '  that  the  lad  is  now  a 
'  Lieutenant  of  Grenadiers  in  a  new  raised  marching  regi- 
ment ;  I  know  not  whether  in  Britain  or  the  continent  at 
present.'  In  1796  Joseph  had  become  '  a  full  captain '  in  the 
78th  Regiment  (Seaforth  Highlanders). 

The  following  is  an  extract  from  the  Professor's  letter  to 
'  Bob '  about  his  boy  Joseph's  return  to  the  East : — 

'Hallyards,  near  Peebles,  N.B.,  l.s<  March  1797. 
'  .  .  .  Before  this  will  have  come  to  hand  you  will,  I  trust, 
have  heard  of  the  arrival  of  your  friend,  my  son  Joseph,  again 
in  India.  He  goes  at  the  head  of  a  Company.  May  his  health 
continue  better  than  it  was  when  he  left  you  (1793).  The  lot 
of  a  military  man  is  to  go  where  he  is  ordered  or  to  quit  the 
service.  My  blessing  to  him  and  you.  There  will  be  a  letter 
for  him  from  this  family  by  the  same  conveyance  with  this. — 
I  am,  my  dear  sir,  most  affectionately  yours, 

'  Adam  Ferguson.' 

In  the  course  of  the  summer  of  1795  the  Professor  had 
lent  Joseph  a  sum  of  £1000  at  5  per  cent.  Robert,  the 
cousin  in  India  (Bob),  must  have  told  the  Professor  that 
Joseph  was  fretting  and  worrying  about  the  repayment  of 
this  money,  and  that  the  lad  was  anxious  to  secure  his  own 
life  for  repaying  it.  Like  the  lovmg-hearted  old  father  he 
was,  the  Professor  writes  to  Bob  as  follows  : — 

'  Hallyards,  '2nd  Sept.  1798. 
'  .  .  .  I  cannot  enough  express  my  obligation  to  you  on  his 
(Joseph's)  account,  and  your  readiness  to  assist  him  in  getting 
forward  in  his  line  of  preferment.  It  gave  me  some  pain  to  hear 
of  his  anxiety  to  secure  his  debt  to  me  by  ensuring  his  life.  The 
proposal  when  first  mentioned  to  me  I  rejected,  and  signified 
so  much  to  his  correspondent  at  London ;  but  it  seems  too 
late  to  prevent  the  Ensurance  for  one  year  being  payed.   I  have 


since  authorised  my  son  Adam  to  forbid  it  altogether,  and 
hope  it  will  not  be  repeated.  If  there  is  to  be  an  insurer,  let 
me  be  the  person.  If  there  were  to  be  a  loss,  that  of  the 
money  would  be  the  least.  And  I  mention  the  subject  to 
you,  trusting  you  will  be  so  good  as  to  relieve  his  mind  of  all 
anxiety  on  this  account.  ...  I  am  commissioned  by  more 
than  one  person  in  this  family  to  thank  you  for  your  letters, 
for  if  Joseph  have  reason  to  complain  of  our  silence,  we  have 
you  and  Mr.  A.  Johnston  of  Calcutta  to  thank  for  the  only 
account  we  have  had  of  him  for  above  18  months. — I  am, 
my  dear  sir,  yours  most  aifectionately, 

•  Adam  Ferguson.' 

In  1799  it  is  evident  that  the  lad's  health  had  broken  down 
again.  In  November  of  that  year  he  died.  He  drew  up  a 
will  on  the  18th  of  that  month,  which  runs  as  follows : — 

'  I  beg  to  leave  behind  me  these  few  memoranda  for  the 
arrangement  of  my  little  affairs.  My  resignation  of  my 
Company  in  order  to  procure  its  sale  is  in  the  hands  of  the 
best  of  human  beings.  Colonel  Alexander  Mackenzie.  His 
honour  and  truly  godlike  beneficence  of  character,  I  think, 
ensures  to  me  that  he  will,  when  I  am  no  more,  make  the 
best  of  it,  and  do  his  utmost  in  procuring  what  he  can  for  the 
benefit  of  my  beloved  brothers  and  sisters,  amongst  whom  I 
desire  that  the  amount  of  it,  together  with  any  other  sums 
that  may  accrue  to  my  estate  (after  the  payment  of  my  just 
debts)  may  be  equally  divided.  I  love  no  one  of  them  better 
than  another.  They  will  receive  it  only  as  the  testimony  of 
my  affection  for  them.  I  wish  it  had  been  more.  I  am  a 
Bond  debtor  to  my  father  for  £1000,  bearing  interest  from 
the  15th  July  1795  at  57o-  The  cash  of  mine  which  is  now 
in  the  hands  of  my  much  beloved  cousin,  Robert  Ferguson, 
will  nearly  amount  to  that  sum.  It  is  partly  lodged  in  10 
and  partly  in  8°/^.  I  trust  to  him  to  pay  it  to  my  father,  and 
thereby  cancell  the  Bond.  Its  double  interest  of  10  and 
87o  will  probably  make  up  that  which  is  due  for  the  years 
past.  .  .  .' 

The  poor  lad  then  gives  some  details  of  small  debts  in 
rupees,  and  proceeds  : — 


' .  .  .  Amongst  my  papers  will  be  found  lists  of  my  effects 
and  cloaks.  Of  those  sold  at  Cawnpore  the  list  is  with  L*^* 
Roderick  Mackenzie.  Excepting  one  week's  pay  to  three 
boys  of  the  Band  of  my  Company,  I  owe  nothing  to  my 
Company  to  the  best  of  my  knowledge.  I  owe  to  my  Pay- 
Sergeant  upwards  of  400  rupees,  for  which  I  gave  him  an 
order  for  the  same  amount,  of  a  balance  due  to  me  by  Major 
Adams  of  which  there  stands  a  mem'"'  in  his  books. 

'  Joseph  Ferguson.' 

Robert's  cousin,  (Sir)  Adam,  writes  to  him  about  the 
dead  man  on  the  25th  April  1800,  from  84  Chapel  Street, 
Edinburgh : — 

*  Edinburgh,  84  Chapel  Street, 
2oth  April  1800. 

'  My  dear  Sir, — You  will  no  doubt  be  surprised  at  being 
thus  familiarly  addressed  by  a  person  in  a  great  measure 
a  stranger  to  you,  but  though  from  the  difference  of  our  local 
situations  we  have  not  as  yet  had  an  opportunity  of  forming 
a  personal  acquaintance,  yet  to  your  goodness  I  am  no 

'  Your  kindness  and  attention  at  all  times  to  my  poor 
deceased  brother  Joseph,  claims  the  warmest  gratitude  of 
his  family,  and  we  hope  ere  long  to  have  it  in  our  power  to 
make  our  acknowledgements  to  you  in  person.  You  may 
easil}^  guess  the  dreadful  shock  our  family  sustained  on  being 
informed  of  the  loss  of  such  a  fine  gallant  young  man.  You 
well  know  with  us  that  his  qualities  were  of  the  most  amiable 
kind,  joined  to  much  personal  spirit  and  gallantry.  Had  it 
pleased  the  Almighty  to  have  spared  him  he  would  have  done 
credit  to  his  profession,  and  been  an  ornament  to  his  famity. 
I  hope  you  will  pardon  this  effusion  from  one  who  was  the 
early  companion  of  his  youth,  and  flattered  himself  with  the 
hope  of  having  the  comfort  of  his  brotherly  advice  and  assist- 
ance through  life.  My  father  (the  Professor)  and  sisters, 
though  still  much  indisposed,  are,  I  am  happy  to  say,  in  some 
degree  relieved  from  their  first  load  of  affliction. 

'You  must  by  this  time  have  come  intimate  with  my 


brother  James '  [See  No.  3,  Colonel  James  Ferguson].  '  If 
it  may  not  appear  saying  too  much,  he  is  certainly  a  most 
exact  resemblance  in  every  particular  to  the  poor  fellow  who 
is  no  more.  He  is  a  tender-hearted  lad,  and  his  brother's 
death  must  have  hurt  him  much.  I  am  glad,  however,  to 
hear  that  he  has  behaved  with  manly  fortitude  upon  this 
trying  occasion.  ...  I  remain,  my  dear  sir,  very  affectionately 
yours,  Adam  Ferguson.' 

Robert  Ferguson  examined  into  poor  young  Captain 
Joseph's  affairs,  and  a  memorandum  of  account,  dated  21st 
December  1799,  on  the  back  of  the  copy  of  the  will,  shows 
that  all  the  debts  were  fully  paid  off  out  of  the  estate, 
and  more  than  £1100  sent  home,  independent  of  such 
money  as  might  be  received  for  the  sale  of  the  commission. 
Colonel  Mackenzie  applied  to  the  Duke  of  York  for  leave 
to  sell  the  commission,  which  His  Royal  Highness  granted. 

Such  was  the  short  life  of  Joseph  Ferguson,  of  whom  Robert 
Ferguson,  MJ ).  writes :  '  If  he  resembled  his  picture,  he  must 
have  been  a  very  handsome  man.' 

The  '  Hiinily  Burn  '  Fcmiily. 

1.  Sir  Adam  Fersruson. 

2.  Admiral  John  Macpherson  Ferguson. 

3.  Colonel  James  Ferguson. 

4.  Dr.  Robert  Ferguson's  account    of  the   Huntlyburn 

Family,  including  the  three  sisters. 

5.  Dr.  Robert  Ferguson's  account  of  Lockhart's  menage 

at  Chiefswood. 

SIR  ADAM  FERGUSON.      'THE  MERRY  KNIGHT,'  1770-1854. 

(An  Introductory  Xote  to  my  father's  account  of  him.) 

Sir  Walter  Scott  in  his  Autobiography,  writing  of  the  year 
1788,  when  he  was  seventeen,  says  :  '  The  persons  Avith  whom 
I  chiefly  lived  at  this  period  of  my  youth  were  {inter  alios) 
Adam  Fergusson,  son  of  the  celebrated  Professor  Fergusson, 
who  combined  the  lightest  and  most  air}'-  temper  with  the 
best  and  kindest  disposition.'     In  the  journals  (Oct.  1827), 


he  calls  Adam,  then  fifty-six,  '  the  merry  knight,'  and  (March 
1829)  '  the  gayest  man  I  ever  knew.'  ^ 

'  Adam,  the  eldest  son  of  the  Professor,  was  born  on  the 
21st  Dec.  1770,  and  after  his  experiences  as  an  Edinburgh 
collegian,  was  put  into  training  for  the  law.  Legal  studies, 
however,  appear  not  to  have  jumped  much  with  his  humour, 


1  In  the  Life,  chap,  xii.,  Lockhart  quotes  Scott's  description  of  the  Captain 
(Adam)  to  Lord  Montagu  : — 

'  The  Captain  is  a  very  singular  fellow,  for,  with  all  his  humour  and  know- 
ledge of  the  world,  he  is  by  nature  a  remarkably  shy  and  modest  man,  and 
more  afraid  of  the  possibility  of  intrusion  than  would  occur  to  any  one  who 
only  sees  him  in  the  full  stream  of  society.' 

Writing  to  Southey  on  28rd  March  1818,  Scott  says  : — '  I  have  also  with 
me  an  old  and  faithful  crony  from  the  day  we  carried  our  satchels  to  school 
together,  Captain  Adam  Ferguson,  the  son  of  the  historian.  Witli  the  un- 
ceasing good  spirits  which  find  subject  for  exercise  in  the  most  trifling 
passages  of  human  life,  of  which  he  is  the  most  acute  observer  I  have  ever 
seen,  he  has  borne  and  parried  a  world  of  misfortunes,  which  must  have 
crushed  any  one  possessed  of  less  elasticity  of  spirit.  ^—Familiar  Letters,  189-4, 


and  about  1800,  at  the  age  of  29,  he  joined  the  58th  Regiment, 
in  which,  savs  Lockhart, '  after  various  chances  and  changes ' 
he  became  a  Captain.  His  military  tastes  and  patriotism 
had  ah-eady  been  shown  by  his  joining  the  Edinburgh 

Previous  to  this,  in  1793,  Adam  accompanied  young  Walter, 
then  aged  22,  on  a  tour  through  Perthshire  and  the  Highland 
border  scenes,  which  Scott  afterwards  described  in  his  poems 
and  romances.  The  longest  stay  made  was  at  Meigle  in 
Forfarshire,  and  (says  Lockhart)  '  I  have  often  heard  them 
.  dwell  on  the  thousand  scenes  of  adventure  and  merri- 
ment which  diversified  that  visit.' 

In  1797,  after  the  rising  of  the  Court  of  Session,  Scott  set 
out  on  a  tour  of  the  English  lakes,  accompanied  by  his 
brother  John  (who  died  in  1816)  and  Adam  Ferguson. 
Their  first  stage  was  Hallyards  in  Tweeddale,  to  which  the 
old  Professor,  then  74,  had  retired,  and  there  Scott  had  his 
first  and  only  interview  with  David  Ritchie,  the  original  of 
'  the  Black  Dwarf.'  It  was  on  this  tour  that  Scott  saw  and 
fell  in  love  with  Charlotte  Margaret  Carpenter,  whom  he 
married  during  the  following  Christmas  recess. 

Adam  was  now  a  full  soldier  (1800).  In  1808  he  appears 
to  have  joined  the  101st  Regnnent,  and  writing  to  Scott  from 
Lisbon  on  the  81st  Aug.  1811,  he  says:  'I  was  so  fortunate 
as  to  get  a  reading  of  The  Lady  of  the  Lake,  when  in  the 
lines  of  Torres  Vedras,  and  thought  I  had  no  inconsiderable 
rio^ht  to  enter  into  and  judge  of  its  beauties,  having  made 
one  of  the  party  on  your  first  visit  to  the  Trosachs.  Wliile  the 
book  was  in  my  possession  I  had  nightly  invitations  to  evening 
parties,  and,  I  nmst  say,  that  though  not  conscious  of  much 
merit  in  the  way  of  recitation,  my  attempts  to  do  justice  to 
the  grand  opening  of  the  stag  hunt  were  always  followed  by 
bursts  of  applause,  for  this  canto  was  the  favourite  among 
the  rough  sons  of  the  fighting  3rd  Division.  At  that  time 
supplies  were  scanty,  and  in  gratitude  I  am  bound  to  declare 
that  to  the  good  offices  of  "  the  Lady,"  I  owed  many  a  nice 
slice  of  ham  and  rummer  of  hot  punch.'  Lockhart  adds, '  The 
gallant  and  gastronomical  Captain  (who  did  not,  by  the  way, 
escape  suspicions  of  having  been  a  little  glanced  at  in  Dalgetty) 


was  no  less  heartily  regaled  on  the  arrival  of  Tlte  Vision,  a 
present  from  the  author,  Scott.'  He  again  writes :  '  What 
particularly  delighted  me  were  the  stanzas  announcing  the 
approach  of  the  British  fleets  and  armies,  and  I  can  assure 
you  that  the  Pats  are  to  a  man  enchanted  Avith  the  picture 
drawn  of  their  countrymen  and  the  mention  of  the  great  man 
himself  Your  swearing  in  the  true  character  of  a  minstrel, 
"  shiver  my  harp  and  burst  its  every  chord,"  amused  me  not 
a  little.  Should  it  be  my  fate  to  survive,  I  am  resolved  to 
try  my  hand  on  a  snug  little  farm  either  up  or  down  the 
Tweed,  somewhere  in  your  neighbourhood,  and  on  this  dream 
many  a  delightful  castle  do  I  build.'  Lockhart  adds  : — 'I  must 
not  omit  a  circumstance  which  Scott  learned  from  another 
source,  and  which  he  always  took  great  pride  in  relating.  In 
the  course  of  the  day  when  Tlce  Lady  of  the  Lake  first  reached 
Fergusson,  he  was  posted  with  his  Company  on  a  point  of 
ground  exposed  to  the  enemy's  artillery.  The  men  were 
ordered  to  lie  prostrate  on  the  ground.  While  they  kept  that 
attitude,  the  Captain  kneeling  at  their  head,  read  aloud  the 
battle  of  Canto  vi.,  and  the  listening  soldiers  only  interrupted 
him  by  a  joyous  huzza  whenever  the  shot  struck  the  bank 
close  above  them.' 

Adam  was  taken  prisoner  during  Wellington's  retreat 
from  Burgos  in  1812,  and  was  not  released  till  the  peace 
of  1814. 

The  following  letter,  written  to  my  mother  in  1849,  gives 
an  amusing  experience  of  this  period : — 

'  27  George  Square,  Edink. 
Uh  May  1849. 

'  My  dear  Mrs.  Ferguson, — Your  last  agreeable  note 
followed  me  here  from  Huntly  Burn  this  day.  It  was 
certainly  a  sad  forget  in  my  last  not  to  acknowledge  the 
receipt  of  the  King's  Plain  Snuff,  which  arrived  some  time 
ago  in  ample  quantity  and  of  first  rate  quality ;  from  which 
latter  property  it  seems  likely  to  share  the  fate  of  600  francs 
which  a  kind  relative  of  ours  sent  up  to  me  from  Bordeaux 
to  the  Auvergne,  where,  m  1814,  I  was  with  many  others  of 
my  countrymen  (prisoners  of  war)  and  in  a  starving  condition. 


The  carrier  who  brought  the  money  sent  the  Town  Crier 
with  his  bell  through  the  town,  so  the  whole  depot  was  made 
aware  of  my  good  fortune,  and  away  went  my  600  francs  in 
loans,  something  like  those,  the  definition  of  which  is  given, 
by  Dr.  Samuel  Johnson,  "  Lend  me  a  sixpence  not  to  be 
repaid."  So  my  Snuff',  from  its  excellence,  is  borrowed  at 
all  hands  by  starving  noses !  You  say  nothing  in  your  last 
about  my  country  house.  I  think  if  you  saw  it  you  could 
not  resist  becoming  its  tenant.  There  is  one  tree  which 
nmst  be  as  old  as  our  good  King  Jamie  vi.,  under  the  im- 
penetrable shade  of  which  I  have  often  read  the  live  long 
day,  and  (like  the  Cockney  under  his  mulberry  tree  on  the 
Bagnigge  Wells  Road)  "no  one  was  the  wiser  for  it!"  My 
Cara  Sposa  begs  to  join  in  kind  love  to  Robert  and  yourself, 
and  sends  kisses  apiece  to  the  two  darlings  [Mary  Roma, 
born  1847,  and  the  writer  of  this — born  1848]. — Yours  very 
affect^>-,  '  Adam  Ferguson.' 

In  February  1816  Adam's  father,  the  Professor,  died  at  St. 
Andrews,  aged  92,  and  under  the  sketch  of  his  life  (page  148) 
will  be  found  Adam's  letter  to  his  cousin,  Bob  Ferguson,  then 
at  Bristol,  in  which,  inter  alia,  he  relates  the  fact  that  nothing 
but  a  reversion  has  been  left  either  to  himself  or  his  brothers, 
but  speaks  in  the  most  loving  way  of  his  three  sisters,  who 
have  '  so  justly '  got  the  liferent  of  such  money  as  there  was. 
He  speaks  somewhat  gloomily  of  his  own  condition,  and 
dwells  on  the  necessity  of  his  having  shortly  to  go  on  half 
pay.     This  he  did  in  the  following  October  (1816). 

In  1817  he  accompanied  Scott  in  an  excursion  to  the 
Lennox,  and  in  the  following  year  he  and  his  sisters  took  up 
their  residence  at  the  mansion  house  of  Toftfields,  Avhicli 
Scott  had  recently  purchased,  and  on  which  Scott,  at  the 
ladies'  request,  bestowed  the  name  of  Huntly  Burn.  In  the 
autumn  of  this  year  Adam,  chiefly  through  the  exertions  of 
Scott,  was  made  '  Depute-Keeper  of  the  Regalia  of  Scotland,' 
then  recently  discovered,  and  about  this  time  Sir  David 
Wilkie  executed  for  Scott  the  picture  in  which  Scott  and  his 
family  are  represented  as  a  group  of  peasants  and  Ferguson 
as  a  gamekeeper  or  poacher. 



In  1819,  at  the  age  of  48,  he  accompanied  Scott's  friend,  the 
Duke  of  Buccleuch,  then  in  declining  health,  to  Lisbon,  and  in 
April  1821,  aged  50,  he  married  the  widow  of  George  Lyon, 

daughter  of  John  Stewart  of  Stenton. 

Scott  gives  a  comical 

account  of  the  marriage  ceremony.    The  happy  couple  settled 
at  Gattonside  House,  in  the  same  parish  as  Huntly  Burn. 

On  the  occasion  of  the  visit  of  George  iv.  to  Edinburgh, 
Adam  received  the  honour  of  Knighthood,  on  29th  August 
1822.  Mr.  Skene,  in  his  reminiscences,  says  of  Tom  Purdie, 
the  ex-shepherd  and  general  factotum  to  Scott,  that  '  when 
Sir  Walter  obtained  the  honour  of  Knighthood  for  Sir  Adam 


upon  the  plea  of  his  being  Custodier  of  the  Regalia  of  Scot- 
land, Tom  was  very  indignant,  because,  he  said,  "  it  will  take 
some  of  the  shine  out  of  us,"  meaning  Sir  Walter.' 

In  Lockhart's  Life,  and  Scott's  own  journals,  we  get  many 
charming  peeps  at  jovial  Adam,  capping  all  the  merri- 
ment at  Abbotsford  by  singing  '  The  Laird  of  Cockpen ' ; 
spending  with  Scott  and  Wilson  and  Lockhart  a  joyous 
evening  at  Torwoodlee,  and  making  the  kind  old  host's  sides 
sore  with  laughter ;  acting  as  croupier  at  the  Abbotsford 
Hunt   annual  dinner ;   helping  in  the  yearly  '  St.   Ronan's 



Border  Games ' ;  '  predominating '  at  the  festa  at  Will  Clerk's, 
'  dancing  Avliat  he  calls  his  merryandrada  in  great  style ' ; 
spending  the  evening  Avith  Scott,  and  being  '  in  all  his  glory,' 
so  that  '  the  nicht  drave  on  wi'  sangs  and  clatter ' ;  '  in  high 
fooling,  so  that  we  had  an  amazing  deal  of  laughing ' ;  taking 
a  long  walk  with  Sir  Walter  when  the  latter  was  '  haunted 
Avith  gloomy  thoughts ' — '  it  was  a  charity '  (writes  Scott), '  and 
his  gaiety  rubbed  one  up  a  little ' ; — dining  with  Scott  and 
laughing  and  talking  his  sense  of  gloom  and  oppression  away. 
Never  surely  were  two  dearer  friends,  nor  two  men  better 
suited  to  enjoy  one  another's  brilliancy  and  wit  and  humour 
and  intellectual  powers. 

Adam  lonsf  outlived  his  friend,  who,  as  all  the  Avorld  knows, 
died  on  the  21st  September  1832.^ 

Adam  himself  Avas  called  aAvay  on  Christmas  day  1854, 
aged  84,  and  Avas  folloAved  three  years  later  by  his  Avife. 

Husband  and  Avife  lie  in  a  vault  in  the  churchyard  of  the 
Old  Greyfriars,  Edinburgh,  Avith  the  folloAving  inscription 
over  them : — 

IN    MEMORA'    OF 

Captain  Sir  ADAM  FERGUSON,  Knight 

depute  keeper  of  the  regalia  of  scotland 

eldest  son  of 

Dr.  Adam  Ferguson 

professor  of   moral   philosophy 

in  the  universita'  of  edinburgh 

born  21st  december  1770 

DIED  25th  DECEMBER  1854 



daughter  of 

John  Stuart  of  Stenton 

BORN  15th  may  1770 

DIED    4th    DECEMBER    1857. 

I  Avill  conclude  this  notice  of  Sir  Adam  Avith  the  folloAving 
invitation  in  verse  from  Sir  Walter  to  the  Merry  Knight, 
most   kindly  supplied   to  me  by  Mr.  George  Bayley  of  7 

1  For  some  most  interesting  letters  of  the  two  friends  to  each  other,  and  for 
various  allusions  to  Sir  Adam,  see  Familiar  Letters  of  Sir  Walter  Scott,  1894. 


Randolph    Crescent,    Edinbiirgli,    Lady    Ferguson's    grand- 

The  manuscript  of  it,  which  is  autograph  of  Sir  Walter 
Scott,  and  now  in  Mr.  Bayley's  possession,  contains  an  invita- 
tion to  Adam  Ferguson,  then  residing  at  Gattonside  House, 
on  the  other  side  of  the  Tweed,  to  dine  at  Abbotsford.  There 
is  no  date  on  the  MS.,  but  in  Lockhart's  Life  of  Scott  it 
is  mentioned  that  the  estate  of  Gattonside  was  sold  about 
1824,  and  in  a  letter  of  Sir  Walter's,  dated  14th  April  1824, 
to  Lord  Montague,  he  says :  '  We  are  threatened  with  a  cruel 
deprivation  in  the  loss  of  our  friend  Sir  Adam,  the  best  of 
men.  A  dog  of  a  Banker  has  bought  his  house  for  an  invest- 
ment of  capital,  and  I  fear  he  must  trudge.  Had  I  still  had 
the  Highland  Piper  in  my  service,  who  would  not  have 
refused  me  such  a  favour,  I  would  have  had  him  dirked  to  a 
certainty — I  mean  this  cursed  Banker.  As  it  is  I  must  think 
of  some  means  of  poisoning  his  hot  rolls  and  butter,  or  setting 
his  house  on  fire,  by  way  of  revenge.' 



Coine  ower  the  Tweed,  Adam, 
Dear  Adam,  Sir  Adam, 
Come  ower  the  Tweed,  Adam, 

And  dine  with  us  all. 
We  '11  welcome  you  truly, 
And  stuff  you  most  duly, 
With  broth,  greens,  and  bouUie 

In  Abbotsford  Hall, 

Come  ower  the  Tweed,  Adam. 
Da  capo. 

Bring  here  your  dear  lady, 
For  friendship  so  steady, 
The  welcomest  tread  aye 
That  visits  our  Hall. 


Bring  your  guests  too  and  spare  not, 
For  numbers  we  care  not, 
In  especial  Miss  Arnot  ^ 
So  comely  and  tall, 

Come  ower  the  Tweed,  etc. 

With  wine  we  '11  regale  ye, 
We  '11  draw  punch  and  ale  ye. 
And  song,  verse,  and  tale  ye 

Shall  have  at  your  call. 
'Twill  be  worth  a  gold  guinea 
To  hear  Mrs.  Jeannie  - 
Lilting  blith  as  a  queanie 
In  Abbotsford  Hall. 

Then  come  ower  the  Tweed,  Adam, 
Dear  Adam,  Sir  Adam, 
Come  ower  the  Tweed,  Adam, 
And  gladden  us  all. 


A  memorandum  preliminary  to  my  Father's  account  of  him. 

John  Macpherson  Ferguson,  tlie  youngest  of  the  great 
Professor's  four  sons,  was  born  in  Edinburgh  on  the  15th 
August  1784,  and  on  the  16th  April  1785  we  find  the  Pro- 
fessor writing  as  follows  to  Sir  John  Macpherson,  godfather 
to  the  boy,  who  had  in  the  previous  February  succeeded 
Warren  Hastings  as  Governor-General  of  India : — '  We  are 
here  nearly  in  the  same  state  as  when  you  heard  of  us  last. 
The  children  are  all  well ;  your  namesake,  John,  particularly 
thriving,  though  he  is  not  yet  apprised  of  his  relation  to  you. 
The  mother  and  I  frail  and  useless,  with  little  object  but 
that  of  keeping  ourselves  alive  till  the  others  can  do  for 
themselves.'  The  Professor  had  passed  his  sixty-first  year 
when  John  made  his  appearance  in  the  world.  He  had 
published  his  Roman  History  in  1782,  and  in  1785  he  resigned 

^  Miss  Arnot.  Daughter  of  David  Walker  Arnott  of  Arlary,  and  married 
(1)  Edward  Bayley,  Lieutenant  R.N.  ;  (2)  David  Arnot,  D.D.,  Minister  of 
the  High  Church,  Edinburgh. 

"  Mrs.  Jeannie.  Miss  Jane  Jobson  of  Lochore,  who  married  .3rd  February 
1825  Sir  Walter's  eldest  son. 



his  Chair  of  Moral  Philosophy  in  the  University  of  Edin- 
burgh into  the  hands  of  his  friend,  Dngald  Stewart. 

The  childhood  of  young  John  was  passed  at  Hallyards, 
near  Peebles,  where  the  Professor  settled,  but  at  the  early 
age  of  twelve  years  and  a  few  months  the  boy  left  home 
(December  1796),  and  entered  the  Royal  Navy  as  a  'first 
class  volunteer.'  Mr.  R.  D.  Awdry,  C.B.,  the  Assistant- 
Secretary  to  the  Admiralty,  has  kindly  furnished  me  with 


the  following  information  as  to  John's  naval  career,  taken 
from  0 'Byrne's  Naval  Biography.  It  will  be  seen  how 
splendidly  Johnny,  whom  the  Professor  always  called  his 
'  little  seaman,'  bore  himself  in  the  service  of  his  country, 
although  he  suffered  a  very  great  misfortune  in  the  loss  of 
his  ship  in  1811. 

'  This  officer  entered  the  Navy  in  Dec.  1796  as  first  class 
volunteer  on  board  the  Coisar,  so  employed  for  3  years  at  the 


blockade  of  Brest.  He  removed  as  midshipman,  1800,  to  La 
Loire,  then  he  joined  the  Aurora,  then  the  Victory,  100,  bear- 
ing the  flag  of  Lord  Nelson '  (under  whom,  according  to  family 
tradition,  he  took  part  in  the  famous  battle  of  Copenhagen, 
April  1801).  'On  13th  January  1804  was  confirmed  to  a 
Lieutenancy  in  the  Su'perh  (Captain  Keats),  under  whom,  after 
pursuing  the  combined  fleets  of  France  and  Spain  from  the 
Mediterranean  to  the  West  Indies,  he  assisted  in  Sir  John 
Duckworth's  action  off  St.  Domingo,  6th  February  1806.  Being 
appointed  on  20th  October  1806  to  the  Redwing  (Captain 
Ussher),  stationed  in  the  Straits  of  Gibraltar,  Mr.  Ferguson, 
who  continued  in  that  vessel  for  a  period  of  20  months  as  her 
First  Lieutenant,  bore  a  conspicuous  part  in  a  multitude  of  very 
dashing  exploits.  On  the  20th  April  1807  he  ably  supported 
Captain  Ussher  in  a  spirited  engagement  with  a  division  of 
Spanish  gun  boats  and  several  batteries  near  Cabritta  Point ; 
and  on  7th  September  1807  he  conmianded  the  boats  and 
displayed  much  gallantry  in  an  attempt  made  to  destroy 
several  vessels  under  a  most  galling  hre  from  the  town  of 
Calassel.  The  day  after  the  latter  event  he  obtained  the 
highest  praise  of  his  captain  for  his  bravery  in  boarding  a 
Polacre  ship,  whose  yard-arms  nearly  touched  the  castle  of 
Benidorme,  and  for  his  conduct  throughout  a  stiff  action 
which  terminated  in  the  destruction,  near  Jovosa,  of  3 
privateers,  mounting  altogether  20  guns.  On  the  7th  May 
1808  he  further  contributed  by  his  unsurpassably  cool  and 
determined  conduct  to  the  utter  defeat  of  7  armed  vessels, 
carrying  in  all  22  guns  and  270  men,  of  whom  240  were 
killed,  drowned,  or  taken  prisoners  (^vide  Gazette,  1808,  p.  735); 
subsequently  to  this  he  again  commanded  the  boats  at  the 
capture  and  destruction,  on  1st  June  1808,  of  a  mistico  and 
2  feluccas  in  the  bay  of  Bolonia,  where  he  also  landed  with 
Captain  Ussher,  stormed  a  battery,  and  blew  up  a  magazine. 
Being  rewarded  for  these  services  by  promotion  (13th  July 
1808),  Captain  Ferguson,  on  22nd  October  1810,  obtained  com- 
mand of  the  Pandora  sloop  (18).  On  31st  December  1810 
he  captured  Le  Chasseur,  privateer,  16  guns  and  36  men. 
On  the  13th  February  1811  he  had  the  misfortune  to  lose 
his  vessel  on  the  Skarve  reef  off  the  coast  of  Jutland,  and 


in  consequence  of  this  misadventure  he  became  a  prisoner 
for  some  time  in  the  hands  of  the  Danes. 

'  His  next  appointment,  27th  August  1815,  at  the  age  of  81, 
was  to  the  Nimrod  on  the  Leith  station,  where  he  continued 
until  posted  (1st  January  1817).  He  afterwards  commanded 
the  Mersey  (26)  in  South  America  from  1823  to  1827.  He 
retired  in  October  184(1' 

In  1808  the  Professor  had  retired  to  St.  Andrews  at  the 
age  of  eighty-tive,  and  it  was  there,  three  years  after,  that  he 
received  the  news  of  the  loss  of  his  son's  ship.  The  story  is 
touchingly  related  by  a  lady  who  contributes  it  to  the  accoimt 
of  Adam  Fergusson's  life,  given  in  the  Edinburgh  Revieiv  for 
January  1867,  vol.  cxxv.  The  old  Professor  'had  the  entire 
newspaper  read  over  to  him  every  blessed  day  by  a  good- 
natured  Divinity  student,  named  Charlie  C .     When  his 

son  John's  ship  was  wrecked — him  that  he  calls  his  little 
seaman — and  when  coming  on  the  notice  unexpectedly  good 
Charlie's  voice  faltered,  old  Adam  simply  said,  "  Go  on,  read 
that  again.' " 

Lockhart  calls  Johnny  '  a  favourite  lieutenant  of  Lord 
Nelson.'     {Life  of  Scott,  ch.  x.) 

It  will  have  been  seen  from  the  above  account  that 
John,  then  aged  thirty-one,  was  on  the  Leith  station  from 
August  1815  to  January  1817.  In  the  interval  his  illus- 
trious father  died,  and  was  buried  in  the  churchyard  of 
St.  Andrews. 

From  1817  to  1823  John  was  out  of  employment,  and  in 
1818  he  became  one  of  the  famous  Huntly  Burn  family  so 
frequently  spoken  of  in  the  Life  and  the  Journals  of  Sir 
Walter.  Lockhart  gives  an  amusing  account  of  him  in  that 
year  helping  Lady  Scott  in  Sir  Walter's  absence  to  entertain 
two  impertinent  and  intrusive  bores  of  Americans. 

John,  then  aged  forty-two,  reappears  at  Abbotsford  after 
the  termination  of  his  command  (1823-27)  of  the  Mersey,  on 
the  South  American  Station.  Scott  writes  in  the  Journals 
(March  19th,  1827) :  '  Set  about  my  labours,  but  enter  Captain 
John  Ferguson  from  the  Spanish  Main,  where  he  has  been  for 
three  years.  The  honest  tar  sat  about  two  hours,  and  I  was 
heartily  glad  to  see  him  again.     I  had  a  general  sketch  of 


his  adventures  wliich  we  will  hear  more  in  detail  when  we 
can  meet  at  kail-time.' 

One  of  the  honest  tar's  amusements  at  this  period  was  to 
try  to  follow  the  hounds.  His  attempts  in  this  direction 
clearly  afforded  great  enjoyment  to  his  friends,  and  it  is 
evident  that  he  took  their  chaff  with  much  good  humour. 

On  February  25th,  1829,  Scott  writes:  'This  morning  I 
corrected  my  proofs ;  we  get  on,  as  John  Ferguson  said  when 
they  put  him  on  a  hunter." 

One  last  reference  I  may  make  from  the  Journals. — 
December  24th,  1880.  '  This  morning  my  old  acquaintance 
and  good  friend,  Miss  Bell  Ferguson,  died  after  a  short 
illness.  ...  A  bitter  cold  day.  Anne  drove  me  over  to 
Huntly  Burn  to  see  the  family.  I  found  Colonel  Ferguson 
and  Captain  John,  KN.,  in  deep  affliction,  expecting  Sir 
Adam  hourly.' 

On  the  22nd  March  1836,  at  the  age  of  fifty-one,  John 
married  Elizabeth  Lauder  Guild,  by  whom  he  had  one 
son,  Adam  (Addie),  who  was  born  on  the  following  27th 
December.  Addie  joined  the  Black  Watch,  but  died  on  the 
14th  September  1805. 

Addie  was  only  nineteen  when  his  father  died  on  the 
8th  June  1855,  aged  seventy. 

The  mother  lived  on  to  the  year  1894,  having  spent  the 
whole  of  her  widowed  life  of  thirty-nine  years  at  No. 
2  Eton  Terrace,  Edinburgh. 

May  the  writer  of  this  memorandum  be  allowed  to  bear 
his  loving  testimony  to  the  beauty  of  her  character  and  the 
saintliness  of  her  life.  She  was  paralysed  and  speechless 
towards  the  end  of  it,  but  the  writer  will  never  forget  her 
words,  when  on  one  occasion,  before  the  stroke  that  laid  her 
helpless,  he  visited  her  sick-bed.  'Aunty,'  he  said, 'isn't  it 
dull  and  lonely  for  you  here  ? '  to  which  the  reply  was, 
'My  dear,  I 've  just  the  one  thing  to  think  of,  just  the  one 
thing.'     Her  whole  heart  and  thoughts  were  in  Heaven. 

Father,  mother,  and  son  now  sleej)  peacefully  in  the 
vault  under  the  shadow  of  the  Old  Greyfriars  Church  in 
Edinburgh,  side  by  side  with  Sir  Adam,  '  the  Merry  Knight.' 



I  regret  that  I  am  unable  to  give  the  year  of  Jamie's  birth, 
or  any  particulars  of  his  youth  and  early  training.  The  first 
notice  I  find  of  him  is  in  (Sir)  Adam's  letter  to  his  cousin 
Robert  in  India,  dated  25th  April  1800,  on  the  death  of  their 
poor  brother,  Captain  Joseph.  '  You  must  by  this  time  have 
become  intimate  with  my  brother  James.  If  it  may  not 
appear  saying  too  much,  he  is  certainly  a  most  exact  resem- 
blance in  every  particular  to  the  poor  fellow  who  is  no  more. 
He  is  a  tender-hearted  lad,  and  his  brother's  death  must  have 
hurt  him  much.' 

Jamie  joined  the  Honourable  East  India  Company's  service 
as  a  cadet  in  the  1798,  and  saw  some  active  service, 
in  which,  as  will  be  s^p;,3,8'],"^Vk;my  father's  memorandum  that 
follows  this,  he  distingiH^fied  himself  by  cool  valour.  Of 
that  service  some  details  will  be  found  in  his  letter  of 
August  6th,  1821.1 

He  is  very  frequently  mentioned  in  Sir  Walter  Scott's 
Journals  (1826-32),  appearing  first  there  on  the  26th  March 
1826.  A  sad  little  entry  on  the  7th  May  1826  records  that 
'  Sir  Adam  and  the  Colonel  dined  here,  so  I  spent  the  evening 
as  pleasantly  as  I  well  could,  considering  I  am  so  soon  to  leave 
my  own  house,  and  go  like  a  stranger  to  the  town  of  which 
I  have  been  so  long  a  citizen,  and  leave  my  wife  lingering, 
without  prospect  of  recovery,  under  the  charge  of  two  poor 
girls.     Talia  cogit  dura  necessitas.' 

On  September  16th,  1827,  occurs  the  following  entry.  '  The 
ladies  went  to  Church ;  I,  God  forgive  me,  finished  the 
Chronicles  (of  the  Canongate)  with  a  good  deal  of  assistance 
from  Colonel  Ferguson's  notes  about  Indian  affairs.  The 
patch  is,  I  suspect,  too  glaring  to  be  pleasing;  but  the 
Colonel's  sketches  are  capitally  good.  .  .  .  ' 

In  the  following  October  (27),  Sir  Walter  writes :  '  This 
morning  went  again  to  Huntly  Burn  to  breakfast.  There 
picked  up  Sir  Adam  and  the  Colonel,  and  drove  down  to  old 
Melrose  to  see  the  hounds  cast  off"  upon  the  Gateheugh,  the 
high  rocky  amphitheatre  which  encloses  the  peninsula  of 

1  See  p.  187. 


old  Melrose ;  the  Tweed  pouring  its  dark  and  powerful 
current  between  them.  The  galloping  of  the  riders  and 
hallooing  of  the  huntsmen,  the  cry  of  the  hounds  and  the 
sight  of  sly  Renard  stealing  away  through  the  brakes  waked 
something  of  the  old  spirit  within  me.  "  Even  in  our  ashes 
glow  their  wonted  fires."  ' 

April  23rd,  1829.  '  The  Colonel  and  Miss  Ferguson  dined 
with  us.  I  think  I  drank  rather  a  cheerful  glass  with  my 
good  friend.' 

The  intimate  and  affectionate  terms  on  which  he  stood 

with  Sir  Walter  are  evident  from  Scott's  own  records,  and 

this  may  well  have  been  so,  for  apart  from  Jamie's  soldierly 

courage  and  his  charm  of  manner,  there  were  two  things 

about  him  of  which  the  tradition  survives  in  the  Ferguson 

family,  namely,  his  unselfish  amiability,  and  the  insouciant 

and  Spartan  heroism  with  which  he  bore  severe  bodily  pain 

and  other  ills  of  life.     Listen  to  Lockhart  as  he  refers  to  some 

heavy  money  loss  which  the  Colonel  has  had  in  1834.     He  is 

writing  to  my  father: — 

'  RoKEBY,  Greta  Bridge, 

September  28th,  1848. 

' ...  At  Edinburgh  I  saw  Colonel  James  F.,  as  gay  as  ever. 
He  told  me  he  was  what  folks  call  ruined,  with  the  calmest 
smile  and  evidently  unshaken.  .  .  .  ' 

Here  is  an  extract  from  a  letter  of  his  to  my  mother  in 

1848  :— 

'  6  DuNDAS  Street, 

dth  January  1848. 

'  My  dear  Mrs.  Ferguson, — I  was  quite  delighted  with 
your  letter,  and  accounts  of  your  welfare.  ...  I  am  myself 
still  attached  to  my  chair  ami — crutches  even  not  available 
without  danger  of  a  fall  .  .  .  like  your  baby  (Mary  Roma) 
carried  up  and  down  stairs,  but  with  rather  more  dignity,  I 
flatter  myself;  three  being  employed  about  it.  The  dear 
baby,  "  plump  as  a  partridge  " :  I  repeat  it  so  often  to  myself 
that  I  begin  to  wish  it  were  5  o'clock,  when  I  am  to  become 
acquainted  with  one  sent  by  my  old  friend  James  Mackenzie. 
...  I  daresay  Robert,  when  he  comes  home  fagged  in  the 
evening,  thinks  more  of  his  Cara  Bella  than  the  dinner-bell, 
but  don't  let  him  spoil  her ;    if  he  does,  I  am  off — no  engage- 


inent.  I  am  glad  you  are  going  into  a  larger  house,  where  I 
shall  have  room  to  swing  my  crutches  in  a  gallop  with  the 
young  lady  .  .  .  ever  yours  affectionately, 

'J.  Ferguson.' 

With  this  little  notice  of  tender-hearted  Jamie  I  will  leave 
the  description  of  him  to  my  father,  who  knew  him  so  well 

The  following  is  my  father's  (Robert  Ferguson,  M.D.)  account 
of  Sir  Adam,  Colonel  Ferguson,  and  Admiral  Ferguson,  and 
their  three  sisters. 


'  When  AYalter  Scott  determined  to  settle  on  the  border- 
land, the  scene  of  all  his  studies  which  formed  his  mind, 
he  persuaded  his  old  schoolfellow  and  friend,  Sir  Adam 
Ferguson,  to  become  his  tenant  of  a  small  farm  house 
refitted,  just  under  the  Eildon  Hills,  and  amid  the  traditions 
of  Thomas  the  Rhymer. 

'  The  tenants  of  Huntly  Burn,  as  the  estate  is  called,  were 
three  brothers,  bachelors,  and  three  maiden  sisters,  all  in 
middle  age,  and  all  of  very  salient  characteristics  of  mind  or 
person.  The  three  brothers  had  all  embraced  the  military 
profession,  had  therefore  seen  much.  They  had  been  separated 
from  each  other  almost  from  early  youth,  and  when  they  at 
last  met  they  were  new  to  each  other  in  every  respect,  save 
in  a  strong  family  attachment.  Sir  Adam  had  served  in  the 
Peninsula,  and  had  there  been  made  prisoner  and  sent  to 
France.  Colonel  Ferguson  had  gained  his  honours  and  a 
moderate  competency  in  India ;  and  Admiral  Ferguson,  who 
had  served  under  Nelson,  remained  afloat  almost  without 
intermission  during  the  Napoleonic  wars. 

'  Each  of  these  men  was  6  feet  and  upwards,  bony,  spare, 
and  powerful.  Each  had  his  own  peculiarity.  The  Admiral, 
who  was  really  a  handsome  man,  encouraged  the  bluntness 
of  expression  and  the  demeanour  of  the  sailor  of  that  day, 
but  united  with  it  a  deep  religious  feeling.  The  Colonel 
Avas  the  most  inveterately  imperturbable  being  I  ever  knew. 
He  was  cheerful  under  every  possible  infliction  or  aflliction ; 
not  from  indifference,  but  apparently  from  constitution.     He 


had  been  hit  in  battle,  and  kept  whistHng  and  lighting  till 
he  fainted.  He  was  in  later  life  tormented  with  rheumatism, 
but  though  his  strong  frame  was  twisted  and  cramped  in  all 
its  movements,  at  last  so  as  to  confine  him  to  his  room, 
there  he  was  as  cheerful  and  as  busy  with  his  books,  his 
pursuits  and  plans,  as  if  the  terrible  spring  winds  of  the  East 
Neuk  of  Fife  had  never  chilled  a  vein  or  twisted  a  sinew. 
He  never  attended  to  himself  or  his  pains,  but  always 
welcomed  the  visitor  as  when  he  was  no  sufferer.  This  was 
his  strength,  and  few  went  away  from  him  without  the  lesson 
learnt  of  how  to  bear.  Like  most  Highlanders,  he  resolutely 
shut  the  book  if  the  page  was  unpleasant  and  slipt  over  to 
the  next. 

'  Sir  Walter  Scott,  who  got  hints  from  every  thing  and 
person,  obtained  from  him  much  that  he  valued  and  used 
in  his  description  of  Indian  scenes :  just  as  he  based  the 
nautical  part  of  the  Pircite  on  information  extracted  from  the 
Admiral.  The  Colonel,  however,  had  the  advantage  over 
his  younger  brother,  the  Admiral,  of  being  a  most  graphic 

'  But  the  real  friend  and  nuich  loved  companion  of  Scott 
was  Sir  Adam  Ferguson,  the  eldest  brother ;  his  schoolfellow 
and  playmate. 

'  Shrewd,  joyous,  a  hon-vivant,  an  unrivalled  observer,  an 
unparalleled  narrator,  Scott  always  said  that  could  Adam 
print  his  face  with  his  stories  he  need  not  have  written. 
Scott,  himself  abounding  in  every  kind  of  anecdote,  never 
spoke  in  Sir  Adam's  company  but  to  draw  him  out.  If  he 
took  a  walk  with  you,  he  would  relate  things  Avhich  he 
observed,  and  which  you  missed.  He  had  every  quality  of 
a  great  dramatist.  He  seized  on  the  essence  of  things.  He 
was  equally  apt  for  fun  or  for  wit.  He  could  make  you  roar 
or  weep.  His  anecdotes  were  full  of  the  marrow,  pith,  sap  of 
human  nature.  They  were  endless ;  for  he  had  no  repertory 
to  be  produced  in  driblets  and  for  chosen  occasions.  Break- 
fast, dinner,  or  supper ;  morning,  noon,  and  night ;  with  us 
alone,  or  with  a  company,  and  at  a  feast,  he  never  failed  and 
never  bored.  No  one  ever  feared  his  wit  or  tired  of  his 
humour,  for  his  simple  and  excellent  manners  and  tact  made 


him  appreciate  others  and  draw  them  out.  But  few  chose  to 
talk  if  they  could  evoke  Sir  Adam.  Besides  the  power  of 
vividl}"  bringing  the  scenes  and  sentiments  of  his  stories 
before  you,  he  had  a  thousand  methods  of  suggesting 
thoughts  which  kept  the  dullest  imagination  alive.  Thus  he 
could  b}^  pithy  descriptions  and  a  modulation  of  voice  make 
you  believe  you  heard  the  distant  huzzas  of  a  large  body 
rushing  to  the  combat.  So  too  it  was  with  the  tramp  of 
cavalry  gradually  approaching  with  its  distant  thunder ;  and 
so  also  with  the  chattering  (as  Napier  calls  it)  of  infantry 

'  I  have  seen  Sir  Walter  listening  entranced  as  Adam 
Ferguson  was  describing  some  trait  of  battle  witnessed  by 
himself;  and  as  the  interest  gathered  he  has  jumped  up 
from  his  chair,  and  joined  the  imaginary  host  in  the  melee, 
clapping  his  hands  and  shouting  and  stamping  about  with 
prodigious  vigour.^ 

'  This  power  of  raising  and  fixing  the  imagination  in  man 
he  could  somehow  use  to  animals.  The  excellent  and 
quamt  Lord  Eldin  (John  Clerk)  had  a  favourite  jackdaw, 
which  was  permitted  whenever  there  was  company  to  come 
to  dessert  and  to  walk  up  and  down  the  table  and  pick 
for  himself  Adam  Ferguson  volunteered  to  make  him  talk, 
and  began  instanter  to  utter  certain  sounds  Avhich  very 
speedily  withdrew  the  bird  from  his  food,  and  produced  from 
him  a  counterblast,  to  the  exquisite  delight  and  astonish- 
ment of  the  host,  who  shouted,  "  Eh  !  Adam  kens  the  Daw 
langige — he  kens  the  Daw  langige  "  ;  the  colloquy  continuing 

1  Writing  of  his  first  visit  to  Abbotsford,  in  October  1818,  Lockhart  says  : 
'  I  had  never  before  seen  Scott  in  such  buoyant  spirits  as  he  showed  this 
evening,  and  I  never  saw  him  in  higher  afterwards,  and  no  wonder,  for  this 
was  the  first  time  that  he.  Lord  Melville,  and  Adam  Ferguson,  daily  com- 
panions at  the  High  School  of  Edinburgh,  and  partners  in  man}'  joyous 
scenes  of  the  early  Volunteer  period,  had  met  since  the  commencement  of 
what  I  may  call  tlie  serious  part  of  any  of  their  lives.  The  great  poet  and 
novelist  was  receiving  them  under  his  own  roof,  when  his  fame  was  at  its 
acme,  and  his  fortune  seemed  culminating  to  about  a  corresponding  heiglat, 
and  the  generous  exuberance  of  his  hilarity  might  have  overflowed  without 
moving  the  spleen  of  a  cynic.  Old  stories  of  the  Yards  and  the  Cromcmise- 
loay  were  relieved  by  sketches  of  real  warfare  such  as  none  but  Ferguson,  or 
Charles  Matthews,  had  he  been  a  soldier,  could  ever  have  given.' 


till  tlie  laughter  of  the  guests  silenced  both  the  actors.  Sir 
Adani  then  gave  us  the  substance  of  their  talk,  much  after 
the  fashion  of  those  ancient  ballads  so  common  and  so 
characteristic  in  Scotland— like  "  The  Twa  Corbies." 

'  To  the  few  who  lived  in  those  days  and  have  survived  to 
recall  the  early  manhood  of  Lockhart  and  the  splendid  group 
of  which  he  was  last,  the  influence  of  Adam  Ferguson  on  the 
elaboration  of  the  Waverley  Novels  needs  not  to  be  told. 
It  is  true  that  Scott,  like  Shakespeare,  could  fill  up  the 
meagrest  outhne  with  soul  and  body,^  but  Adam  Ferguson's 
hints  were  neither  few  nor  lean.  Sir  Dugald  Dalgetty,  as  far 
as  shrewdness  and  aptitude  in  conforming  to  life  and  making 
life  conform  to  himself,  was  a  sketch  for  which  the  knight 
himself  sat.  The  mercenary  soldier  was  due  to  the  necessities 
of  artistic  figures  in  the  drama,  and  had  no  application  to 

'Some  of  the  traits  of  Monkbarns,  the  Antiquary,  the 
especial  favourite  of  Sir  Walter  (who,  by  the  way,  drew 
largely  from  himself  in  depicting  that  most  finished  of  his 
finished  characters)  were  given  by  Sir  Adam.  That  tour  de 
force  in  the  Fair  Maid  of  Perth,  where  fear,  the  most  abject 
of  passions,  is  so  skilfully  used  and  depicted  in  the  character 
of  the  young  chieftain  as  to  excite  the  deepest  commiseration, 
was  worked  out  from  an  incident  in  the  Peninsular  War 
which  Sir  Adam  saw,  and  which  they  who  ever  heard  Adam 
narrate  it  will  never  forget.  Till  Scott  gave  us  this  picture, 
I  believe  that  this  precise  conflict  of  passions  and  duties  has 
never  been  attempted  by  any  modern  or  ancient  author. 

'  However,  Adam  Ferguson,  though  the  first  of  observers 
and  narrators,  was  not  the  only  one  who  kept  the  great 
unknown  supplied  by  all  kinds  of  hints  and  traits,  to  be 
wrought  up  by  a  prodigious  capacity  of  memory  and  imagina- 
tion into  whatever  the  author  choose. 

1  This  creative  faculty  was  so  intense  in  Scott  that  I  have  known  him  read 
day  after  day,  tlie  veriest  trashy  novels  with  intense  interest,  laughing  and 
chuckling  over  them  as  much  as  he  Avould  over  a  choice  page  of  Fielding  or 
Swift.  A  moment's  conversation  with  him  proved  that  while  reading  he  was 
re-weaving  the  warp  and  woof  of  the  tissue,  filling  up  the  characters,  and 
thoroughly  enjoying  his  own  creations,  which,  as  in  a  dream,  he  had  fancied 
were  another's. — MSS.  of  Dr.  Eohert  Ferguson. 


'  Indeed,  all  Tweedside  in  those  days  seemed  to  jump  into 
the  humour  of  the  Laird  of  Abbotsford,  and  whether  with 
Adam  Fersfuson  or  with  Lockhart,  a  mornino-  amonq;  the 
small  farms  and  roadside  cottages  ended  in  many  a  "  crack  " 
with  some  specimen  of  the  Dandie  Dinmont  or  Andrew 
Fairservice  species.  The  ladies  of  Abbotsford  found  ample 
amusement  with  the  daily  visits  of  the  old  ladies  of  Huntly.^ 
Gentlewomen  by  birth  and  education,  they  became  eccentric 
from  the  long  habit  of  seclusion  in  which  they  had  lived 
during  their  father's  (Professor  Ferguson)  retirement  at  St. 
Andrews.  Lockhart,  too,  delighted  in  their  originality  of 
thought  and  demeanour,  and  much  admired  the  quaint,  rich, 
and  copious  Doric  in  which  they  revelled.  I  think  both 
Scott  and  Lockhart  had  more  delight  in  listening  to  this 
"  gentle  "  dialect  as  spoken  by  Lord  Cockburn  at  the  Bar,  Avith 
overwhelming   effect   on   a  jury,   than   in  any  attempts  of 

^  The  '  Three  Weird  Sisters.'  Scott  describes  the  three  to  Lord  Montagu — 
Margaret,  he  says,  is  extremely  like  her  brother  (Sir  Adam)  in  the  turn  of 
thought  and  humour,  and  he  has  two  other  sisters  who  are  as  great  curiosities 
in  their  way.  The  eldest  {Isabel — known  as  Bell)  is  a  complete  old  maid,  with 
all  the  gravity  and  shyness  of  the  character,  but  not  a  grain  of  its  bad 
humour  or  spleen  ;  on  the  contrary,  she  is  one  of  the  kindest  and  most 
motherly  creatures  in  the  world.  The  second,  Mary,  was  in  her  day  a  very 
pretty  girl ;  but  her  person  became  deformed,  and  she  has  the  sharjiness  of 
features  with  which  that  circumstance  is  sometimes  attended.  She  rises 
very  early  in  the  morning  and  roams  over  all  my  wild  land  in  the  neighbour- 
hood, wearing  the  most  complicated  pile  of  handkerchiefs  of  different  colours 
on  her  head,  and  a  stick  double  her  own  heiglit  in  her  hand,  attended  by 
two  dogs  whose  powers  of  yelping  are  really  terrific.  With  such  garb 
and  accomplishments  she  has  very  nearly  established  the  character  in  the 
neighbourhood  of  being  something  no  canny — and  the  urchins  of  Melrose  and 
Darnick  are  frightened  from  gathering  hazel  nuts  and  cutting  wands  in  my 
cleugh  for  fear  of  meeting  the  daft  lady.  With  all  this  quizzicality,  I  do  not 
believe  there  ever  existed  a  family  with  so  much  mutual  affection,  and  such 
an  overflow  of  benevolence  to  all  around  them  from  men  and  women  down  to 
hedge-sparrows  and  lame  ass  colts,  more  than  one  of  which  they  have  taken 
under  their  direct  and  special  protection.'  Bell  died  on  December  24,  1830  : 
Scott  calls  her  '  an  old  friend,  and  a  woman  of  the  most  excellent  condition. 
The  last  two  or  almost  three  years  were  very  sickly.'  He  attended  her  funeral 
on  December  29  :  '  In  a  cold  day  I  saw  poor  Bell  laid  in  her  cold  bed. '  Mary 
had  died  in  January  1829.  'Alas,'  writes  Scott  ;  '  my  poor  innocent  friend 
Mary  is  no  more.  She  was  a  person  of  some  odd  and  peculiar  habits,  wore 
a  s'.ngidar  dress,  and  affected  wild  and  solitary  haunts,  but  she  was  at  the 
same  time  a  woman  of  talent  and  even  genius.  She  used  often  to  take  long 
Walks  with  me  up  through  the  glens.   .   .  .' 


trimmed  English  of  any  of  their  legal  contemporaries ;  for 
Lockhart  has  remarked  in  Peters  Letters  that  the  Scotch 
that  was  then  spoken  was  learnt  from  the  highest  grades  of 
society,  while  that  which  is  now  spoken  is  the  vernacular  of 
the  lower  caste,  bearing  the  mark  of  a  differing  cultivation. 

'  The  three  families  of  Abbotsford,  Huntly  Burn,  and  Chiefs- 
wood  were  really  but  one.' 

Account  by  Robert  Ferguson,  M.D.,  of  Lockhart  at  Ghiefs- 
ivood,  and  Sir  Adam  Fergusons  visits  there. 

'  This  romantic  little  cottage  was  placed  in  a  small  oval 
field  surrounded  by  hills,  of  which  the  three  Eildons  were 
the  most  remarkable.  A  burn  not  three  feet  broad  ran 
through  the  little  domain ;  a  tree  or  two  studded  the  plateau, 
which  was  belted  by  a  beech  and  other  wood,  stretching  up  to 
Huntly  Burn,  the  residence  of  Sir  A.  Ferguson,  the  Rhymer's 
Glen,  losing  itself  in  the  bare  downs.  .  .  . 

'  On  a  summer  morning  Lockhart  was  sure  to  be  found  in 
dressing-gown  and  cap,  always  chosen  by  his  wife  (Scott's 
daughter)  with  a  view  to  the  picturesque,  sitting  or  walking 
up  and  down,  writing  materials  and  the  terrors  of  a  forth- 
coming Blackivood  before  him.  Johnny,  his  first-born,  then 
a  beautiful  fair-haired  boy,  never  left  his  side,  urging  him  to 
romp,  and  never  in  vain.  Through  the  lattice  of  the  bay 
window  "  Sophia "  was  always  to  be  seen,  and  always  ready 
to  relieve  the  author  when  the  parent  was  overpowered  by 
the  importunities  of  the  child.  A  dog  or  two  of  the  "  Pepper  " 
or  "  Mustard  "  kind,  however,  were  useful  in  performing  this 
welcome  duty,  and  undertook  to  distract  the  boy  not  un- 
willingly by  an  invitation  to  a  scamper.  Many  a  pungent 
page  of  sound  scholarship  and  criticism  was  put  forth  under 
these  influences. 

'A  little  before  mid-day  a  tall,  gaunt,  soldier-like  figure, 
with  a  weather-beaten  face,  emerged  from  the  Avood  at  the 
bottom  of  the  meadows — a  most  welcome  visitor,  Sir  A. 
Ferguson — and  then  all  work  was  up,  and  the  fun  began,  the 
lattice  was  thrown  open,  and  a  merry  ringing  laugh  within 
kept  up  as  chorus  to  the  peals  and  shouts  which  were  going 
on  outside. 



HIGHLANDERS.        ,  ente 

be  re 

Friday  night,  at  tbe  eighteenth  annual  Bocial  ^  °  " 

Bif  of  the  Gaelic  Society  of  Perth,  htld  in  the  City  in   tf 

Rev.  R.  Menziea  FergaeeoD,  M.A.,  Logie,  in  tbe  knew 

B  of  a  abort  address,  spoke  of  the  Celtic  sbrains  '*  ** 

itain'a  national  life.    There  were,  he  said,  three  ^fgl 

oteristicd  of  the  typical  HigbUnder.     The  first  hac 

I  a  man  of  imagioatiun,  then  a  man  of  aotion,  and  *■'' 

fts  a  man  of  affairiS.     Tbere  were  aome  people  '^^ 


tnt  of  that  thing  which  was  more  intelligent  than    ^5, 
modern  languages  ub  much  run  after,  and  whiob,     kt 
inde.-scood  ou  good  authority,  was  «poken  in  »     .'! 
11  primeval  place  called   tbe  Garden   of    Eden,     jf 
her  it  was  tbe  case  tbat  the  first  worda  Adam     r 
B  five  was  Ciamar  tha  nlh  an  duigh  he  did  not     • 
He  would  1  -ave  the  topic  to  hiKhor  critics  who     ' 
0  busy  dipping  mto  the  Buok  of  Genes's,  aud  no 
they   would    be  able   ta  Oiaeover    it    was    so. 
iter.)    Some   people   displayed  great  ignorance  '» 
iog  CJaltic  litera  ure,  and  when  M.ophnraon  gave  ^^ 
world  tbodeb.-autifuifragmKntsol  Gaelic  poetry  '* 
16  of  Ossian,   a  great  mau>  claver  criucs— they  J*' 
Iways  with  them,  aud  would  be  to  ibe  end  of   ' 
tried  CO  make  out  thao  ther;  wm  no  such  m**""  " 
an.     They  had  also  heard  it  ijaid  tbat  *''"  "bem  01 
a  man  as  Homer,  aud  no  euob  uiar'^^.  ^*8  con 
uo  apart  from  that  they  had  tbooa  fi        '""  '°D  o 
ric  literature,  Celtic   poetry,    b  '. 

lid  be=*ther,  of  the  glens  aud         ''«  '^*'  ^V^f\ 
ndfl,  and  since  Oasian's  tiir  to  the  old  date. 

■  they  had   had  Gaelic  -•  "fer  to  the  BtirliD( 

not    easily    ftirgot'""^  ,       , ,  .  . 

u    Oae  did  uot  -'  ,  said  that  the  old  date  0 

DadgotaDyihir  .    fl  xible.      In    Perth,    fo 

ad,  evc^u  iu  „  held  in  practically  the  tbiri 

ing  the  gr?  idould  like  to  know  whether  tha 

deeds  or  citable  to  Stirling,  aud  if  it  ^f.^e  8Ui> 

>heu  cla  jt    it  would   meet    points    which   th 

lem  aud  ,   most  anxious   to  provide  against.     J 

thai  .ractically  impossible  to  get  a  roya}, '>8'*  ' 

' '"  n  week  of  July,  and  he  thought  that  the  thin 

H'i  I     t  July  might  be  almost  unanimously  received  a 

««  'ETsDAtE  thought  that  not  earlier   than    th 

»eek   of   July   might   meet  the   views  of   tb 
It  ,  in  the  district,  and  the  l""*! 'f"^X**r!l«'« 

h'         astructed  to  bring  this  matter  before  the  mee 
^ '  !       the  directors  in  Edinburgh. 

Henry  Kinboss  called  attention  to  the  cond 
the  railway  station,  and  said  that,  seeing  t 
.ors  had  made  up  their  mind  that  the  Show  w. 
neld  at  Stirling  in  1900.  tbey  should  mt.mateb 
,ion  to  the  railway  companies  so  that  they  mig 
'time  to  reform  the  station  in  time  for  the  ne. 
auK  Show,     (Hear,  hear.) 
he  CHAIBMAN-At  present  the  accommodation 
7  indifferent ;  very  insufficient.  .  .  ^  ,    . 

.he  SKORKTABT-The  local  Directors  might  bring  1 

VlJ  Dlv?rW*iL30N  doubted  if  the  Directors  woul 
jilble  to  make  much  impression  on  the  railway  con 
Anins  but  thpy  would  do  their  best. 

The  CHAIBMAN-The  Board  will  no  doubt  considt 

The  matter  dropped.  w        i. 

A  vote  of  thanks  to  tbe   Chairman   brongb 
leeting  to  a  close.  , ^__ 

FouB  Fatalitiks  in  Glasgow,— Four  fatal 
reported  from  Glasgow  on  Saturday  evening, 
Neil  (fi7),  tailor,  fell  between  a  train  and  fha 

,    at  the  Caledonian  Centra'  ^-' 

\  hand  nn*  »^      "^" 


N^G  IN 


UD  dates 

vould  be 

'\  would 

rant  to 

•  coald 

\0  hay 



■  of 
I  to 

iVa  during.  0^^^ 

1  Why  «'«'^®  *^h«hind  them 

before  Vaeva  ^"     ^  gcaled  tne  ^v  the  waYi  • 

"'^^  -'^rd""th:«g\^^2,r  hot  *^-"^'(i 

««f ep.  »o<*  ^ith   both   laR«     ^^le  «o«-    „Y^ 

'*°°*  ihtbetar^ao-  .  ^- j.^d  they  reg*«"v,"  :.  nat 
beneath  toe  y,e  6»^a     ^  ^^^,p  theit  n 

v,tave man  °^^{_;,  maids  D»o""      ^^e  sea  in 

brave  men  and  ia^'^^jn^ea  ^f°^^^  waB  ^"^^ 

accouncea  lor  oy  niBBiJuriinuB^w«^»*r'  '" 

W.— "It'sBaid  tobea  hoax 

B  — "  A  hoax  !  I  saw  the  picture  o  t  mywl 
Dupalch.  Naefear  o'  the  editor  "  *^at  she, 
hoaXHd.  He'8  nane  o'  that  sort.  He's  owre 
chiel'  by  half  for  onyane  tae  try  on  that  p;aiDB  % 

W  —"It's  whiBpered  in  the  Parliament  He 
some  ioipident  vagabond  has  ta'en  this  way  t( 
auld  scores  in  revenge  for  some  scathing  cnt 

*'»|PlP?i"ea„na  believe  it.  As  for  the  C 
aeroent  it  was  owre  far  cot  for  the  inan  wi» 
gKto  see  its  back,  and  it  was  Bwimmmfi 
fate  that  he  oouldna  weel  descend  to  pattioiu 
we  can  see  tha«  one  oot  there,  only  he  a  aj 
beast,  as  a'  sea-serpents  are  reputed  to  b< 
mony  cantrips,  up  in  the  air  the  ae  mmute  ar^ 
dooa  the  next.  He  is  tak.n'  it  gey  eas  'fa 
hooever,  and  his  back,  as  ye  say,  Jock,  is  n 
He  looks  as  if  he  was  floating  awa  gently  tn, 
wi'  a  stroke  o'  his  fins  an'  tail  noo  an  then,  h 

J.-" Just  sae.  sleeping!  But  had  wej. 
get  a  boat,  and  gang  oot  an'  ba'e  a  look  at  ni 

B  -"A  wee  boat!    Gang  intil  a  wee Jri 

whipped  over  into  th«  sea  wi'  ae  lash  o   th^ifc 

tail,  or  perhaps  swallowed  up  by  the  mo.o? 

me !    Your  unco  venturesome.  Jock.     Uoi 

body  a  glass  ?   We  micht  then  ken  whether  to 

or  twa  whales  insane  anither'a  moot-eh.u 

^*Mr 'J'ohn'Edmond 'said' he  had Jery'greav 

indefl'1  idmg  the  motion.     He  had  cc, 

acquau   ince  with  Mr  Taylor  as  secretary,  ., 

been  most  assiduous  in  his  attention  to  the  i 

■     «„eiety.    He  had  kept  the  Society  movi,] 

v»ter  indeed,  and  Mr  Taylor's  leav 

onal  loss  to  the  members  of  th( 

made  a  feeling  response,  and  s^ 
-ery  kindly  for  their  rde  j 
^  the  step  he  had  iist 

cinaiy  lor  oneir  vi-^  j 

the  step  he  had  jist  j 

"lonteut  or  any  jeelii , 

ted  ;  he  simr^y  fed 

should  berelie . 

■^ve  theadva!.! 

<»n  hf«ouId| 

Si  lety  b' 

been  ai 

uld  tr. 'j 

dy  *'.P« 

history  ot  th««  "bose  »«"  *Sote  them,  bad  ^ei 

'  ^J'6cotV»*  ''^M^Tbey   went,  »^«,  »^fien.,  the 
»°*      \    Wherever  ^°;„':»ceD0B9  ot  ^ne  k  ^ 


Drysdalb,  Fairfield  Farmicg  Company, 
lat  if  the  Highland  show  of  1900  was  held 
ponding  to  the  show  for  this  year,  it  x 
X  a  time  when  the  farmers  in  the  dietrioi 
ly  with  their  hay  harvest,     They  should  \ 

two  or  three  days  at  the  show,  but  thej 
iry  well  afford  to  do  so  in  the  middle  of  tt 
)t.  Tbia  was  a  matter  which  be  thought  s 

W.    T.    Malcolm,   Danmore,   said  he  a 
very  word  which  MrDrysdale  had  uttered. 
ors  at  Edinburgh  had  put  the  matter  to  thr 
he  view  of  going  back  to  the  old  date,  whic 
it  was  the  most  suitable. 
Drtsdale  said  he  would  move  that  they  mal 
antation    from    this  meeting  to  the  meeting 
irs  in  Edinburgh  on  Wednesday,  in  reference 

\..  H.  ANDBRaoN.  KippenrosB,  seeondpd. 
David  Wilbon,  Carbeth,  said  that  this  couK 
ifer  to  the  ."Stirling  show,  as  the  show  at  K-^lsc 
■eady  been  fixed.  The  directors  were  of  opiniot 
change  should  be  made  for  two  years,  and  thai 
D  could  nod  be  altered.  The  date  of  the  show 
iburgh  next  year  would  depend  on  the  wishes  o 
guest  whom  they  hoped  to  have  with  them  oi 
casion.     So  far  as  the  Stirling  ohow  was  con 

he  should  be  pleased  to  ha  ''"•-'  'on  o 

eting  that  it  should  go  back 
)ry8dalk— My  motion  did  • 

Iacdonald,  secretary, 
9w  was  somewhat  ' 
H,  the  show  wa" 

July.     Her' 
ould  be  81'' 

8  werf 
oe  r 


,  de  the  nawon  great.  Then  be  need  not  rt 
-  rhh  writers  as  Dr  Bachanan.  a  na»iTe  of  Balqul 
tU  a  relatire  of  his  own,  if  he  went  far  enough 
i    d  to  Duncan  Ban  M'In»j re.    HewasnolaPr 



on  dates 

vould  be 

'>  would 

rant  to 

•  could 

le  hay 



ckie,  and  he  had  no  intention  that  eTen 
„ring  this  wide  field  of  Celtic  literature.  It 
igretted  thatltnany  thousands  of  Highlandei 
arte  paternal  and  maternal  side,  had  been  ai 
;,arn  the  Gaelic,  and  he  thought  he  might 
the  same  category  himself,    because,  altho 

a  little  of  it,  he  didn'o  know  enough.     i„ 
a<rf  not  his  fault,  but  he  thought  it  was  a  pit 
1  many  who  were  afraid  to  speak  it,  althoufi 
it  know  it.    That  day  was  surely  past.     IP 

come  when  all  Highlanders  should  be  pt 

k.  in  so  expressive  a  language,  and  whicn 

lolent  of  the  hills.    (Applause.)    He  need  uc 

rd  of  the  HiRhlander  as  a  man  of  action.     H 

r„ru  lew  what  a  tighter  he  was Jn  the  old  days. 

The  ,ew  Scottish  history  wasfull  of  the  battles  itj 

vote  ,tf  Highlanders  figured,  and  their  own  Nort 

h  he   it  could  speak,  would  tell  them  a  tale  t( 

Buds  and  battles  and  maOy  other  thingi.    «« 

£6  9,ne  might  say  that  those  instances  to  which  he 

oWere  not  very  praiseworthy.     That  was  qu^ 

1  tbecause  tl.ey  knew  Highlanders  had  a  faculty* 

down  to  the  Lowlands  and  coming  home  wit^ 

many  of  the  Southern  beeves.     They  did  i 

the  SasB.nach,  and  they  showed,  by  rehevit 

of    their   cattle,    that    they    felt    they    we' 

psyiug  back  old  scores.    Referring  to  the  Hit 

as  »  soldier,  he  said  they  knew  bow  the  hi 

the  British  Army  had  some  of  its  most  famous 

connected  with  the  Highland  regiments,      r 

only  to  remember,-  since  the  days  of  clan  w 

ceased,  the  h-tf\e  at  the  heights  of  Alma,  the  ] 

Jnr^  ^A  WVte  ^  «"(  mutiny,  and  tl    more  repenl 

iOonW  ^.•.  jWov.,   ulminated  in  T-     l^Eebir,  6: 

\«  heights  of 
s  fighters? 
.,       as  that  stiV 
ii .  ve ;  because  t' 

jOO"»-  QhvtV^^p'  .uiminaiea  in  j 
ttaV>\e*»o^  ee^i  \- events  still.  • 
Ht  «°^„«s  to  P^^VyonasoaK 

tost  ft«*:Sb\e  to  ^bt  v^  such  p , 

^t^^«'-  !%'#  '='»^i«'*  ^ 

*^'  .bat  t^ot  Sr^^'^S'  country 

i,  my, 

Sl^1^°fbe  cot^S; 




.The  ^0° 


,ctot" ' 


to  to' 



a  ^0' 


'*•  «^a' 
V  vote 







.eettui.  ---  G^*^  Saturday 


'Abbotsford  was  then  the  resting-place  of  every  pilgrim 
from  every  part  of  the  world,  whose  conduct  and  conversa- 
tion often  afforded  the  richest  treat  to  both  Lockhart  and 
Ferguson.  They  who  know  the  men  need  not  be  told  that 
while  no  trait  of  the  ridiculous  could  pass  unnoticed,  both 
enjoyed  fun  far  too  much  to  dwell  or  enlarge  upon  what 
could  call  forth  an  unkind  feeling ;  indeed,  Lockhart  never 
associated  with  or  spoke  of  those  whom  he  disliked.  Every- 
thing about  him  was  touched  with  fun.  The  children's 
donkeys  were  designated  by  names  which  made  their 
delinquencies  fatal  to  all  gravity,  as  the  stalwart  "  Dawvid  " 
announced,  with  the  most  unconscious  seriousness,  that 
"  Hannah  Moore  had  broken  through  the  fences,  and  been 
wi'  the  meenister  a'  the  nicht." 

'  At  3  or  4  Sir  Walter  generally  joined  the  circle,  welcomed 
by  a  shout  from  the  boy,  and  the  caresses  of  the  doggies 
which  never  quitted  him.  Then  came  the  histories  of  the 
past  day,  and  the  plans  of  the  morrow,  with  a  thousand  tales 
and  illustrations,  and  a  few  rebukes  to  the  pungent  com- 
mentaries of  Lockhart. 

'  Anne,  and  Lady  Scott,  called  in  the  carriage  to  take  Sophia 
to  dinner  or  a  drive,  while  Lockhart  always  joined  the  circle 
at  Abbotsford  later.' 

ROBERT   FERGUSON,    M.D.,    1799-1865. 

It  is  hoped,  at  no  very  distant  date,  to  publish  a  Memoir  of 
this  remarkable  man,  founded  in  great  part  on  his  own 
diaries  and  correspondence,  so  far  as  they  can  properly  be 
given  to  the  world.  It  is  not  proposed,  therefore,  on  the 
present  occasion,  to  do  more  than  outline  briefly  the  salient 
features  of  his  life,  with  the  aid  of  the  account  given  of  him 
by  the  Medical  Times  and  Gazette  of  the  1st  July  1865. 

Robert  was  born  in  India  on  the  15th  November  1799. 
His  father,  Eobert  Ferguson,  of  the  Indian  Salt  Department, 
resigned  his  position  in  1801,  and  set  off  for  America,  where  old 
Robert  Ferguson  of  Perth,  the  grandfather,  had  had  proj)erty ; 
and  little  Robert  and  his  two  sisters  were  sent  to  England  to 
be  under  the  care  of  relatives.  His  father  returned  in  very 
good  circumstances  to  England  after  no  very  long  stay  in 



America,  but  lived  principally  at  Bath  and  Bristol,  so  that 
young  Robert  never  had  a  true  home.  He  was  fortunate, 
however,  in  being  much  under  the  care  of  Sir  John  Mac- 
pherson,  formerly  Governor-General  of  India,  a  friend  of  the 
Ferguson  family  of  more  than  forty  years'  standing. 

Robert  was  educated  at  Dr.  Crombie's  at  Croydon.  His 
own  Avish  had  been  to  join  the  army,  but  the  state  of  his 
father's  affairs  rendered  it  necessary  to  give  up  that  plan,  and 
eventually  he  decided  to  adopt  the  medical  profession,  and 
accordingly  entered  as  an  assistant  in  the  Marylebone  Infir- 
mary. After  some  time  spent  there  he  went  abroad,  and 
became  a  student  at  the  University  of  Heidelberg,  returning 
to  this  country  at  the  end  of  1822,  and  studying  then  at  the 
University  of  Edinburgh,  where  he  took  his  degree  in  1823. 

His  earliest  years  of  professional  life  were  diversified  by 
travel  as  medical  attendant  with  various  families  in  high  life. 
Thus  he  travelled  in  Greece  and  the  Ionian  Islands  with  a 
son  of  Sir  William  Forbes,  and  resided  some  time  in  the  family 
of  Sir  Francis  Burdett.  At  this  time  strikingly  handsome, 
gifted  as  a  linguist,  able  to  sing  well  and  accompany  himself 
on  almost  any  stringed  instrument,  there  can  be  little  wonder 
that  he  became  very  popular  in  society ;  but  at  the  same 
time  he  was  drawn  into  the  closest  intimacy  with  whatsoever 
there  was  most  intellectual  in  the  world  of  letters  or  of 
physic.  He  enjoyed  the  friendship  of  Sir  Walter  Scott  and 
his  family,  and  especially  of  Scott's  son-in-law,  Lockhart,  with 
whom  till  his  death  he  maintained  the  most  constant  and 
affectionate  intercourse.  Washington  Irving,  Wordsworth 
the  poet,  and  Newton  the  painter  were  amongst  his  intimates. 
Amongst  his  professional  friends  were  reckoned  Dr.  Watson, 
the  President  of  the  College  of  Physicians,  Brodie,  and 
especially  Dr.  Gooch,  that  brightest  and  cleverest  of  intellects, 
after  whose  steps  he  endeavoured  to  shape  his  own  course. 
With  such  associates  he  was  naturally  occupied  with  a  good 
deal  of  literary  work.  He  was  a  frequent  contributor  to  the 
Quarterly  Review,  and  wrote  a  history  of  Insects  for  the 
Family  Library,  instituted  and  published  by  John  Murray. 
But  Avhilst  these  were  the  diversions  of  his  leisure  hours,  he 
was  steadily  working  his  way  into  practice.     The  nucleus,  so 


to  say,  of  his  patients  consisted  partly  of  families  to  which 
he  was  introduced  by  Dr.  Gooch,  and  partly  of  that  highly- 
gifted  set  of  whom  Sir  Walter  Scott  and  his  son-in-law, 
Lockhart,  were  the  chief.  At  any  rate,  by  the  year  1830, 
when  he  was  thirty  years  old,  he  had  attained  an  income  of 
£1000  per  annum. 

About  this  time  King's  College  was  opened  for  the  express 
purpose  of  combating  the  too  liberal  and,  as  it  was  thought, 
perhaps  irreligious  or  revolutionary  tendencies  of  the  London 
University.  The  Chair  of  Midwifery  was  accepted  by  Fergu- 
son, who  had  for  his  colleagues  Herbert  Mayo,  Joseph  Henry 
Green,  J.  F.  Daniell,  Bissett  Hawkins,  Francis  Hawkins,  and 
Partridge.  He  had  been  previously  elected  Physician  to 
the  General  Lying-in-Hospital  in  the  York  Road,  where  he 
gathered  materials  for  his  work  on  puerperal  fevers,  which 
was  published  by  Murray  in  1839. 

He  was  now  fully  occupied  in  the  busiest  and  most  lucra- 
tive practice,  and  found  it  expedient  to  resign  his  professor- 
ship, in  which  he  was  succeeded  by  Dr.  Arthur  Farre. 

Soon  afterwards  he  was  appointed  '  Physician  Accoucheur ' 
to  the  Queen,  and  in  that  capacity  assisted  at  the  births  of 
all  the  Royal  children. 

And  now  came  a  bold  and  hazardous,  but  well-designed 
and  entirely  successful  movement  in  his  professional  career. 
He  dropped  the  special  '  midwifery  '  department  of  his  prac- 
tice, and  announced  himself  a  physician  in  the  largest  sense. 
This  decision  was  attended  with  complete  success.  Society 
accepted  him  as  one  of  the  greatest  medical  authorities.  He 
became  '  Physician  Extraordinary '  to  the  Queen,  and  thence- 
forward the  amount  of  his  occupation  was  only  limited  by 
his  power  of  undertaking  it.  '  He  was  more  consulted  per- 
haps '  (says  the  Medical  Times  and  Gazette^  '  than  any  other 
livinsc  man  in  all  the  weightiest  cases  of  the  world.  No 
physician  was  so  well  known,  not  merely  to  all  the  great 
families  of  this  Empire,  of  whatever  side  in  politics,  bishops, 
lords,  dignitaries  of  every  grade,  but  to  the  crowned  heads 
of  Europe.'  A  remarkable  instance  in  illustration  of  this 
last  statement  is  his  visit  to  Paris  in  the  year  1856,  in 
conseqiience  of  an  intimation  made  to  him  through  M.  de 


Persigny,  the  French  ambassador  at  this  court,  that  the 
Emperor  Napoleon  iii.  desired  to  consult  him  as  to  the  state  of 
his  health.  Of  this  visit  one  of  the  diaries  contains  a  full  and 
deeply  interesting  account,  as  it  does  of  the  curious  case  of  the 
Prince  de  Moskowa,  a  son  of  Ney,  the  famous  French  marshal. 

Dr.  Ferguson  took  an  unusually  keen  and  intelligent  inte- 
rest in  the  foreign  and  domestic  politics  of  his  time,  a  study 
which  his  intimate  acquaintance  with  some  of  the  leading 
statesmen  of  his  own  and  foreign  countries  gave  him  excep- 
tional opportunities  of  pursuing.  His  private  diaries  give  ample 
evidence  of  the  care  with  which  he  watched  passing  events, 
and  of  the  important  information  which  was  given  him  by 
those  who  were  taking  an  active  part  in  the  affairs  of 

As  often  happens  in  the  medical  profession,  Ferguson's 
success  was  fatal  to  him.  In  trying  to  save  others  he  lost  his 
own  life.  In  1861  he  was  summoned  to  the  bedside  of  a 
great  northern  prelate,  a  member  of  a  family  with  which  he 
had  always  been  on  more  than  a  usual  footing  of  familiarity. 
Four  rapid  journeys  to  Durham,  with  the  fatigue,  loss  of 
sleep,  and  anxiety  in  which  professional  and  personal  regard 
for  his  patient  were  mingled,  and  the  harassing  nature  of  his 
ordinary  work  as  well,  were  too  much  for  him.  His  heart 
gave  way.  He  lightened  his  work  and  removed  to  a  smaller 
house ;  spent  much  of  his  time  out  of  town  and  was  for  a 
while  better.  But  the  enemy  came  at  last.  He  was  walking 
in  the  garden  of  his  country  seat,  Ascot  Cottage,  Winkfield, 
near  Windsor,  about  one  o'clock  on  Sunday,  June  25th,  1865, 
when  he  was  seized  with  his  last  attack.  He  lay  almost  life- 
less for  some  hours,  and  life  ebbed  away  so  slowly  that  those 
about  him  hardly  knew  the  minute  of  his  decease. 

His  first  marriage  took  place  in  1830  to  Cecilia,  one  of  the 
ancient  and  noble  French  family  of  Labalmondiere.  She  died 
in  1842.     There  were  no  children  by  this  marriage. 

In  1846  he  married  again,  his  wife  being  Mary  Macleod  of 
Macleod,  sister  of  Macleod  of  Dunvegan  in  Skye.  She  out- 
lived him  nineteen  years,  and  died  in  1884. 

He  has  left  five  children,  all  still  living : — 

(1)  Mary  Roma,  born  1847  ;  married  to  Henry  C.  B.  Far- 


rant,  Colonel  of  the  81st  Regiment  (Loyiil  North 

(2)  Robert  Norman  Ronald,  born  1848 ;  married  to  Rose 

Geraldine,  second  daughter  of  the  late  Lawrence 
Cumberbatch,  M.D.  (a  Clerk  in  the  Treasury  since 

(3)  Marion  Cecil,  born  1849  ;  unmarried ;  a  sculptor. 

(4)  Harold  Stuart,  born  18.50,  late  Royal  Artillery,  now 

second  in  command  of  the  Nair  Brigade  of  the 
Rajah  of  Travancore  ;  married  to  Isabel  Julia  Max- 
well (niece  of  Field-Marshal  Lord  Roberts,  V.C.), 
daughter  of  the  late  Colonel  Hamilton  Maxwell  of 
the  Bengal  Staff  Corps. 

(5)  Robert  Henry  Bruce,  born  1854  ;  is  in  the  Police  Ser- 

vice of  the  Rajah  of  Travancore ;  is  unmarried. 


(Sir)  Adami  Ferguson  to  his  cousin  Robert  (Boh), 
c/o  Messrs.  Coutts,  London. 

'  Edinburgh,  3rrf  June  1818. 

'  My  dear  Robert, — My  3  sisters,  brother  Jack  [the  Ad- 
miral, then  Captain],  and  self  are  here  on  our  flight  from  St. 
Andrews  to  our  new  rural  retreat  near  the  banks  of  the 
Tweed,  about  a  mile  and  a  half  from  the  renowned  village  and 
abbey  of  Melrose  ;  and  we  leave  this  to-morrow  per  coach,  bag 
and  baggage.  .  .  .  How  is  Robert  [M.D.,  Bob's  son]  getting 
on  now  ?  I  was  rather  surprised  to  hear  that  he  had  come 
to  the  resolution  of  studying  for  an  M.D.  I  thought  he  was 
set  upon  '  sporting  the  red  rag,'  as  it  is  technically  termed.^ 
...  As  for  myself  I  continue  vegetating  on  half  pay,  but  my 
friends  have  proposed  me  as  a  candidate  for  the  situation  of 
Keeper  of  the  Scottish  Regalia,  which  were  lately  discovered 
in  the  Castle  here.  There  are  several  competitors  in  the  field. 
It  will,  I  suppose,  have  a  salary  attached  to  it  of  between 
£200  and  £300  a  year,  and  it  would  form  a  most  comfortable 
addition  to  my  present  income,  which  does  not  exceed  £70  p.a. 

^  My  father's  disappointment  at   being   unable  to   enter   the   army   was 


This,  you  will  allow,  for  a  person  of  my  "  figure  and  fashion," 
is  a  little  circumscribed.  .  .  . 

Captain  John  {the  Admiral)  to  Boh,c/o  Messrs.  Coutts^  London. 
'  HuNTLY  Burn,  by  Melrose,  25th  Any.  1818. 

'  My  dear  Robert, — We  have  been  fixed  in  our  new  resi- 
dence for  upwards  of  2  months,  and  am  happy  to  say  per- 
fectly delighted  Avith  it ;  a  most  beautiful  part  of  the  country, 
a  snug  little  house  and  garden,  with  as  much  ground  as  to 
feed  a  cow  and  3  horses.  Our  good  landlord,  Walter  Scott 
(Old  Scotia's  pride),  is  only  a  mile  and  a  half  from  us  ;  it  will 
tempt  me  to  stay  at  home.  .  .  .  You  have  no  conception  how 
much  better  the  damsels  are  since  they  came  here.  We  have 
several  old  friends  in  the  neighbourhood.  I  wish  you  could 
make  out  a  trip  next  spring  to  see  it.  The  country,  etc.,  is  well 
worth  seeing,  I  can  assure  you.  Adam  and  Walter  Scott  are 
away  upon  a  visit  to  the  Duke  of  Buccleuch  just  now.  .  .  .' 

Captain  John  to  Boh. 

'HuNTLY  Burn,  Ith  Oct.  1819. 

My  dear  Robert, —  .  .  .  Here  we  are,  jogging  on  in  a  quiet 
way.  Adam  and  I  have  been  running  about  a  little,  shooting ; 
we  were  in  the  Highlands  for  a  fortnight  not  far  from  Logi- 
rate  {sic),  but  had  not  very  good  sport.  Things  are  gomg  on 
here  very  well,  and  we  have  had  a  most  delightful  season  for 
the  first  year  of  the  farm.  Our  landlord  (Sir  Walter),  I  am 
happy  to  say,  is  once  more  in  the  best  of  health.  .  .  .' 

{8ir)  Adam  to  Boh,  at  16  College  Green,  Bristol. 
[Sir  Adam  on  Quacks.] 

'  HuNTLY  Burn,  I5th  Aug.  1820. 

'.  .  .  Brother  Jack  had  yesterday,  I  am  happy  to  say,  very 
favourable  accounts  of  our  friend,  Sir  J.  Macpherson,  who 
seems  to  be  rallying  again  in  a  wonderful  manner ;  a  provi- 
dential occurrence  having  rid  him  of  the  apothecary  and 
his  draughts,  his  appetite,  and  along  with  it  bodily  strength, 
have  both  returned.     But  for  his  having  been  reared  in  the 


air  of  Skye  he  must  long  ago  have  been  in  the  other  world 
after  such  a  lengthened  discipline  in  the  zEsculapian  school ; 
I  should  rather  say  that  of  downright  empirics.  I  trust  you 
will  never  get  into  the  hands  of  quacks,  and  as  I  certainly  shall 
not,  we  may  both  live  to  eat  many  more  dinners  together  at 
the  comfortable  shop  in  Covent  Garden.  Kindest  remem- 
brances from  all  the  spinsters  and  the  skipper.  .  .  .' 

James  in  India  to  Boh,  cjo  Messrs.  Coidts,  London. 

[James's  love  for  his  family,  in  spite  of  his  neglect  of  letter- 
writing,  and  their  love  for  him,  are  beautifully  shown  in  this 
and  following  letters.] 

'DiHLEE,  Au(j.  6,  1821. 

'  My  dear  Robert, — Although  you  have  not  had  a  letter 
from  me  for  so  long  a  period,  the  enclosed  Bill  [for  £1500 — 
a  gift]  may  probably  first  attract  your  notice  ;  so  I  shall 
explain  the  intention  of  it  before  I  give  you  any  account  of 
myself  I  have  myself  to  blame  for  not  having  had  any  letters 
from  home  since  1816.  One  letter  from  my  sister  Margaret 
gave  an  account  of  our  beloved  father's  [the  Professor's]  last 
days,  but  without  making  any  mention  of  the  situation  in 
which  they  and  my  dear  brothers  were  left  by  the  event  of 
his  death.  It  is  curious  that  a  publication  of  that  time  in 
some  degree  supplied  the  deficiency.  From  it  I  observed 
that  his  daughters  had  the  means  of  living  comfortably  and 
respectably  in  the  mansion  at  St.  Andrews.  It  is  likely,  I 
have  thought,  that  Adam's  situation  in  the  army  would  by 
my  father  be  conceived  a  sufficient  provision,  and  whatever 
he  had  to  bequeath  would  be  left  to  my  sisters.  The  object 
of  the  present  remittance  is  to  enable  Adam  to  buy  a  majority 
if  he  has  not  left  the  army,  or  by  an  annuity  to  supply  what 
the  advanced  rank  would  afford  in  addition  to  his  income.  I 
trust  to  his  affection  that  he  will  accept  it.  My  affection  for 
him  is  as  warm,  and  I  may  say  exactly  of  the  same  kind,  as 
when  I  left  home,  mingled  as  it  was  with  respect  for  an  elder 
brother ;  and  I  cannot  endure  the  idea  of  his  not  sharing  in 
this  small  part  of  my  better  fortune.  I  make  the  amount 
payable  to  you,  as  I  know  how  it  will  find  you  in  London  ;  m 
short  (I  know)  that  you  will  have  the  kindness  to  be  agent 


for  Adam  and  dispose  of  it  in  any  way  he  likes  best.     If  it 
adds  to  his  comfort  it  will  be  my  happiness. 

'  Now  I  shall  tell  you  by  Avhat  course  of  good  fortune  I 
happen  to  have  the  means  of  sending  the  enclosed  after  all 
my  own  wants  are  provided  for.  Two  persons  who  are  held 
in  highest  estimation  in  this  country  have  accidentally  but 
greatly  befriended  me  ;  I  mean  Sir  David  Auchterlony  and 
Mr.  Metcalfe.  During  the  Ghoorka  war  in  1814  I  got  the 
command  of  a  kind  of  militia  corps  of  1200  men,  and  when 
the  war  was  ended  gave  it  up  to  be  an  assistant  to  the  Resi- 
dent. Sir  D.  Auchterlony  commanded  the  Rajpootana  Divi- 
sion of  the  army  in  our  last  war  against  the  Pindarees,  and 
he  took  me  with  him  as  an  extra  aide-de-camp,  and  likewise 
to  do  a  little  in  the  way  of  business,  having  political  com- 
bined with  his  military  duties.  At  the  end  of  the  war  he 
was  appointed  Resident  with  the  Rajpoot  States,  and  asked 
Government  to  appoint  me  his  first  assistant.  It  happened, 
however,  that  an  old  first  assistant  who  had  been  thrown  out 
of  office  by  the  new  territorial  arrangements,  was  first  to  be 
provided  for,  and  I  continued  with  Mr.  Metcalfe  at  Dihlee. 
I  have  had,  however,  no  reason  to  regret  it,  for  in  the  course 
of  12  months  Mr.  Metcalfe  was  appointed  political  secre- 
tary to  Government,  and  Sir  David  Auchterlony  succeeded 
to  the  Residency  here  under  a  new  arrangement,  the  judicial 
and  revenue  affairs  being  conducted  by  a  civil  commissioner, 
who  got  all  the  assistants  of  the  Residency  (being  Civil  ser- 
vants) attached  to  his  office ;  and  I,  your  unworthy  cousin, 
became  first  assistant  to  the  Resident,  who  had  the  political 
affiiirs  under  his  charge,  and  as  Major-General  commanded 
the  Division.  The  arrangement  has  never  been  correctly 
given  in  the  Calcutta  Register ;  and  I  daresay  you  look  into 
it  sometimes  to  see  how  your  old  friends  succeed  in  life. 
You  know  that  I  might  about  the  end  of  this  year  retire  on 
the  full  pension  of  my  rank  ;  but  as  the  majority  is  near  at 
hand,  I  must  now  stay  until  November  1822.  It  gives  an 
addition  of  £100,  and  then  I  shall  be  able  to  retire  with  at 
least  £600  a  year ;  as  much  as  can  be  required  for  every 
purpose  of  comfort  and  happiness.  No  one  who  has  been 
22  years  in  this  country  can  boast  of  a  liver  perfectly  sound. 


and  mine  is  a  little  troublesome,  particularly  when  I  have 
to  attend  his  Majesty  the  Great  Mogul  to  the  mosque,  and 
the  thermometer  is  up  at  99  ;  otherwise  I  have  pretty  good 
health.  I  hope  you  enjoy  pretty  good  health,  and  that  we 
shall  pass  many  happy  days  together  in  the  smoke  of  London. 
I  shall  expect  to  arrive  early  in  the  summer  of  1828.  We 
enjoy  profound  peace  in  this  country,  and  I  am  at  all  times 
an  enemy  to  war ;  otherwise  I  could  almost  wish  it  for 
John's  [the  Admiral's]  sake.  He  must  be  sadly  tired  of  a 
land  life.  [It  will  be  remembered  that  from  1817  to  1823 
John  had  no  employment.]  .  .  .  We  have  had  little  corre- 
spondence. It  is  not  through  want  of  affection,  and  I  can 
assure  you  I  am,  my  dear  Robert,  as  ever,  your  aftectionate 
cousin,  J.  Ferguson.' 

(Sir)  Adam  to  Bob,  at  16  College  Green,  Bristol,  about 
James  s  Letter. 

[It  will  be  remembered  that  in  April  1821,  then  aged  fifty, 
he  married  Mrs.  Lyon,  and  settled  at  Gattonside  House,  near 

'  6  DuNUAs  St.,  Edinbukgh,  IGth  Feb.  1822. 
'  My  dear  Robert, — You  may  guess  that  I  received  your 
kind  letter  of  the  10th  inst.,  with  its  inclosure,  with  no  small 
delight.  What  a  most  gratifying  letter  from  James,  and  how 
consoling  to  us  all  to  find,  notwithstanding  all  appearances 
to  the  contrary,  that  he  is  the  same  kind  and  affectionate 
fellow  that  ever  he  was.  I  transmitted  his  letter  yesterday 
to  the  good  spinsters  at  Huntly  Burn,  and  I  am  certain  that 
for  many  a  day  past  they  have  not  received  so  joyful  and 
welcome  a  communication.  The  idea  that  he  is  coming 
home  for  good  and  all  in  comparatively  good  health  to  spend 
the  rest  of  his  days  amongst  us  is  not  the  least  pleasing 
circumstance  of  the  whole.  I  believe  the  regular  ships  of  the 
season  for  Bengal  are  all  sailed,  but  Colonel  Burnett's  eldest 
son,  James,  is  about  to  proceed  in  a  private  ship  to  Calcutta, 
and  he  will  take  charge  of  a  letter  for  James,  which  he  may 
receive  before  he  quits  the  country  in  November  next.     My 


wife  and  I  will  come  up  to  London  in  spring  1823  to  meet 
him  on  his  arrival.  .  .  . 

'  As  to  the  contents  of  the  bill  for  £1500,  you  have  done 
perfectly  right  in  employing  it  in  the  purchase  of  Exchequer 
Bills,  and  so  it  may  remain  invested  till  James's  arrival.  As 
the  purpose  for  which  he  kindly  intended  it,  viz.,  my  promotion 
in  the  army,  cannot  now  be  fulfilled,  and  as  my  circumstances, 
in  consequence  of  my  marriage  and  other  events,  are  in  a 
better  condition  than  James  could  have  conceived,  I  feel  a 
delicacy  in  appropriating  any  part  of  this  his  most  generous 
remittance.  No  doubt  the  first  year  of  my  matrimonial  life 
has  been  a  more  costly  one  than  I  could  have  wished,  what 
with  travelling  and  buying  furniture  ;  and  £100  or  £200  might 
have  been  not  altogether  unacceptable,  but  I  hope  I  shall  be 
able  with  care  and  management  on  my  own  part  and  that  of 
my  wife  to  bring  all  things  round  in  the  course  of  the  ensuing 
year  and  have  a  little  to  spare.  However,  there  is  a  way  in 
which  a  part  of  this  money  might  be  employed  in  a  most 
satisfactory  manner  to  James.  Brother  Jack  [afterwards  the 
Admiral]  is  now  in  London  looking  after  his  interests  at  the 
Admiralty,  and  has  a  pretty  good  prospect  of  getting  a  ship, 
though  perhaps  not  immediately.  Now  you  know  the  outfit  of 
a  frigate  is  attended  with  serious  expense,  and  I  have  no  doubt 
£100  or  £200  would  be  of  material  service  to  him  when  he  is 
put  in  commission ;  and  as  you  are  the  guardian  of  the  money 
in  question,  I  hereby  authorise  you,  in  so  far  as  I  am  con- 
cerned, to  make  offer  to  Jack  of  any  sum  that  he  may  require 
for  the  purpose  above  stated.  He  is  in  lodgings  at  4  War- 
wick Street,  Charing  Cross.  .  .  .  My  spouse  and  I  have  come 
in  here  for  a  few  weeks  to  make  some  visits  to  friends  and 
relations.  .  .  .  She  begs  her  kindest  regards  to  you.  She  has, 
1  am  happy  to  say,  agreed  wonderfully  well  with  a  country 
life,  and  has  got  plump  and  rosy.  .  .  .  When  you  write  I 
wish  you  would  mention  what  your  last  accounts  of  Robert  ^ 

^  Bob's  son,  R.F.,  M.D.,  then  aged  twenty-three. 


Captain  {afterwards  Admiral)  Ferguson  to  Boh,  at 
16  College  Green,  Bristol — in  praise  of  James. 

'  4  Warwick  Street,  Charing  Cross, 
22n(l  February  1822. 

'  My  dear  Robert, — I  have  just  had  the  pleasure  of 
receiving  yours  of  the  21st.  ...  I  have  also  a  letter  from 
Adam,  making  mention  of  the  money.  A  copy  of  Jamie's 
letter  has  been  sent  me  from  Huntly  Burn.  I  see  he  is  the 
same  warm-hearted  good  creature  he  ever  was.  Oh,  what  a 
blessing.  The  damsels  at  Huntly  Burn  Avill  be  quite 
daft.  .  .  .' 

Sir  Adarti  on  his  new  honours — to  Boh,  at  IQ  College  Green, 


'  Gattonside  House,  by  Melrose, 
Sth  Jammry  1823. 

'  My  dear  Robert, — This  comes  in  name  of  spouse  and  self 
to  wish  you  many  happy  returns  of  the  season.  We  hear 
from  brother  John  that  you  are  enjoying  your  quiet  and 
retired  mode  of  existence  in  your  snug  retreat  at  Bristol. 
This  is  the  first  letter  I  have  addressed  to  you  since  I  became 
a  'person  of  rank  and  title,  and  I  trust  it  will  be  received  by 
you  with  all  the  deference  and  respect  befitting  its  author. 
I  have  no  doubt,  however,  that  you  grinned  a  good  broad 
grin  when  you  heard  that  I  had  been  dubbed  by  His  Majesty, 
and  that  you  thought  that  I  had  just  as  much  use  for  knight- 
hood as  a  cart  has  for  a  third  wheel,  to  use  a  homely  phrase, 
and  so,  between  you  and  I  and  the  post,  so  thought  I ;  though 
it  was  not  to  be  expected  that  My  Lady  was  to  reason  in  the 
same  philosophic  manner.  However  it  is,  as  the  saying  goes, 
an  ill  wind  that  blows  no  one  good,  for  it  will  enable  you  to 
acquire  additional  respect  in  the  eyes  of  your  eating-house 
chums  on  College  Green,  your  being  enabled  to  quote  your 
cousin.  Sir  Adam  !  However,  joking  apart,  the  honour  in 
question  came  upon  me  both  unasked  and  unlocked  for,  and 
as  it  was  understood  that,  from  the  high  situation  I  held  as 
Keeper  of  the  Crown  of  Scotland,  some  mark  of  Royal  favour 
was  to  be  bestowed  on  me,  so  was  I  anxious  to  have  that 


conferred  in  the  shape  of  an  additional  step  of  military  rank  ; 
but  the  regulations  of  the  Horse  Guards,  I  being  on  the 
retired  list,  stood  in  the  way  of  this ;  and  the  other  was  hit 
upon  as  the  only  step  which  suited  my  official  dignity.  .  .  . 
Bob  [my  father,  R,  F.,  M.D.,  then  aged  twenty-three]  was  out 
here  for  a  week  during  the  height  of  our  holiday  festivities, 
and  was  a  general  favourite,  having  from  his  various 
talents  and  accomplishments  made  a  great  addition  to 
our  rustic  society.  He  says  he  is  hard  at  study,  but 
whether  he  will  actually  ever  become  an  M.D.  is  matter  of 
speculation.  .  .  .' 

>S'ir  Adam  to  Bob  (c/o  Messrs.  Coutts),  on   Bob's  daughter 
Kitty's  inai'riage  to  Jamies  Gary,  son  of  the  Translator 

of  Dante. 

'  Gattonside  House,  by  Melrose, 
25th  July  1823. 

'  My  dear  Robert, — I  am  about  to  step  into  a  carriage  on 
a  little  expedition  with  my  wife  and  James.  .  .  .  My  spouse 
joins  in  kindest  congratulations  to  you  on  the  late  happy 
event,  and  best  wishes  for  the  health  and  happiness  of  the 
young  pair,  to  which  also  accede  spinsters  over  the  way  and 
Jamie.  .  .  .' 

Sir  Adam  to  Bob  (c/o  Messrs.  Coutts). 

'  Gattonside  House,  by  Meleose, 
■list  February  1824. 

'  My  dear  Robert, —  .  .  .  Brother  James  and  I  have  been 
absent  on  a  visit  to  our  old  landlord,  Mr.  Campbell  of  Kailzie, 
in  Peeblesshire,  where  we  spent  a  very  pleasant  week,  and 
visited  all  our  old  haunts  in  the  neighbourhood  of  our  former 
abode  of  Hallyards.  And  now  as  I  know  that  you  are  not  a 
person  that  relishes  fine  flunmiery  speeches  or  high-flown 
oratorical  flights,  I  will  content  myself  Avith  saying  that  the 
snuff-box  which  you  have  had  the  kindness  to  present  to  me 
has  been  much  admired  on  all  hands ;  and  a  few  friends 
having  dined  here  yesterday,  the  health  of  the  donor  was 
drunk  in  a  bumper  of  good  whisky  punch,  and  the  box  shall 
descend  among  my  nearest  of  kin  as  an  heirloom  along  with 


my  late  excellent  father's  gold-headed  cane,  etc.  .  .  .  and 
now  to  enhance  the  value  of  your  present,  suppose  you  put 
your  foot  on  a  steam  packet  some  three  or  four  months  hence, 
and  come  down  and  let  us  have  a  crack  and  a  pinch,  washed 
down  with  a  bowl  of  best  Glenlivat. 

'  I  am  glad  to  find  that  your  inherent  and  hereditary  philo- 
sophy has  never  left  you  during  all  the  season  of  gloom 
which  has  overcast  the  countenances  of  most  holders  of 
Spanish  Bonds ;i  indeed,  to  judge  from  the  size  of  the  elegant 
sneeshin  nudl  in  question,  I  had  almost  come  to  the  conclu- 
sion that  you  had  also  become  a  Mexican  mineholder.  So 
there  is  a  piece  of  wit  for  you,  as  I  know  you  love  a  joke. 

'  Jamie  talks  of  being  with  you  in  April,  but  he  is  so  com- 
fortable where  he  is  that  it  will  not  be  an  easy  matter  to  get 
himself  under  way. 

'  So  with  best  love  from  my  wife,  and  from  your  spinster 
cousins  over  the  way,  to  yourself  and  Dr.  Bob,  I  remain,  my 
dear  Robert,  yours  most  aft'^ ,  Adam  Ferguson.' 

^  The  reader  will  not  miss  the  allusion  to  that  fine  old  Spartan  philosopher, 
Bob's  father  (1719-97).  It  was  investment  in  these  which  was  in  great  part 
the  cause  of  poor  Bob's  ruin. 

Section  VIII 


3Ir.  Robert  Fergussons  Memorandmn. 

Notes  on  the  History  of  the  Branch  of  the  Fergussons  of 
Dunfallandy  and  others,  as  gathered  from  time  to 
time  from  my  Father,  Donald  Fergusson,  who  died  at 
Moulin,  Perthshire,  in  May  1860,  aged  84  years.  Com- 
municated by  Mr.  Robert  Fergusson,  Aberdeen. 

In  the  year  1329,  when  King  David  the  Second  ascended 
the  throne,  which  year  was  extraordinary  with  heavy  floods, 
so  the  Highland  people  called  the  King  Dai-an-uisge  (David 
of  the  waters  or  flood),  there  came  Adam  Fergusson  with  his 
family  from  Ayrshire,  supposed  to  be  Kilcherran,  and  squatted 
at  West  Haugh  immediately  west  of  the  present  Middle 
Haugh  and  at  east  end  of  Poldour,  a  long  pool  on  the  Tum- 
mel,  and  about  a  mile  east  of  Pitlochry  ;  in  fact  it  used  to  be 
cast  up  to  my  father  that  it  was  not  for  building  kirks  that 
his  forefather  fled  from  his  own  country.  And  being  from 
the  sea  coast  and  accustomed  to  sails  he  did  not  wait  to 
build  a  house,  but  set  up  a  tent  of  canvas,  which  was  spun 
from  tow  and  woven  by  the  natives  and  used  by  them  on  the 
floor  between  their  barn  doors  to  winnow  their  corn  by  the 
wind,  and  called  by  them  in  Gaelic  a  Gannaib,  and  the 
thing  being  so  new  to  the  Highlanders  they  called  Adam 
Adi-na-Cannaibaig,  or  Adam  of  the  Canvas.  Immediately 
opposite  West  Haugh,  on  the  south  side  of  the  Tummel,  lived 
also  a  Baron  Stewart  of  Dunfallandy,  called  by  the  natives  a 
'  Baran  Maol '  (the  bald  Baron).  He  had  an  only  daughter,  his 
heiress,  and  after  some  years  Adi-na-Cannaibaig's  family  grew 
up,  and  Adam,  his  oldest  son,  courted  Miss  Stewart,  but  the 
old  Baron  would  not  give  his  consent,  though  the  lassie  was 
favourable  ;  the  Baron  held  that  the  Fergussons  were  new 
comers  and  nobody  knew  of  their  antecedents.     However, 


some  time  after,  on  a  fine  mornino"  the  Baran  Maol  was  about 
the  south  side  of  theTummel,an(l  old  Adi-na-Camiaibaig  among 
bushes  on  the  opposite  side,  and  the  old  fox  let  drive  an  arrow 
at  the  baron  and  killed  him.  Of  course  nobody  knew  who 
did  the  deed,  and  the  baron  was  buried.  No  inquests  in  those 
days.  In  about  a  year  after  young  Adam  was  married  to  Miss 
Stewart,  hence  the  Dunfallandy  Fergussons ;  three  genera- 
tions of  them  produced  six  generals  in  the  army.  The  late 
General  Fergusson  of  Dunfallandy,  father  to  the  late  Wm. 
Fergusson  and  grandfather  to  the  present  Miss  Fergusson,  and 
my  father  used  to  shoot  together,  and  the  kindred  discussed 
and  agreed  to.  Some  time  after  Adi-na-Cannaibaig  died  the 
family  was  ousted,  being  squatters,  and  Alexander,  the  2nd 
son,  migrated  up  the  country  to  a  place  called  Tigh-mor- 
Bohespick  on  the  north  side  of  the  Tummel,  about  half  Avay 
between  Loch  Tummel  and  Loch  Rannoch,  and  squatted  there 
till  absorbed  by  the  Duke  of  Atholl.  My  father  descended 
from  him  as  well  as  other  two  families  who  are  now  extinct, 
so  far  as  I  know.  They  were  all  distinguished  from  all  other 
Fergussons  by  the  addition  to  their  names  of  Mac-Adi,  or 
Adam's  posterity.  My  great-great-grandfather  was  Robert 
Macadi  F.,  my  great-grandfather  was  Alexander  Macadi  F., 
my  grandfather  was  Robert,  and  my  father  Donald,  all  Mac- 
adies,  and  in  fact  I  was  called  the  same  up  till  I  was  20  years 
of  age,  when  I  left  the  country  for  Aberdeen. 

Robert  Fergusson, 

Late  Granite  Merchant. 


nth  July  1894. 

The  above  tradition  was  told  to  Mr.  Robert  Fergusson  by 
his  father,  who  was  tenant  of  Fouruick,  and  afterwards  at 
Balrobie,  on  the  Tenandry  estate.  When  Mr.  Robert  Fer- 
gusson was  a  boy  he  attended  a  school  in  Strathardle.  Wood- 
hill  or  Balmacruchie  then  belonged  to  Fergussons,  and  there 
was  another  fixmily  of  the  same  name  a  little  further  up  than 
Woodhill,  and  two  or  three  in  Glenshee  still  represented.  His 
father,  however,  '  would  not  admit  that  any  of  the  Perthshire 
families  belonged  to  his  kind  except  the  Dunfallandy  and  a 
younger  branch  he  had  descended  from.' 

Section  IX 

The  following  statement  lias  been  communicated  by  Mr. 
J.  Fergiisson,  Richmond  Road,  Cardiff,  and  his  brother,  Mr. 
Alexander  Fergusson,  300  Duke  Street,  Glasgow. 

Mr.  J.  Fergusson,  who  left  Atholc  forty-three  years  ago, 
adds  that  he  remembers  his  grandfather  Thomas  Fergusson 
well,  having  been  when  a  child  sent  down  to  him  from 
Rannoch  to  the  place  where  he  lived  opposite  Dunfallandy 
House,  and  that  his  father  was  for  about  forty  years  tenant 
on  the  estate  of  the  late  General  Sir  John  M'Donald,  who 
insisted  on  him  competing  in  his  seventy-tifth  year  at  a 
ploughing  match  on  the  home  farm,  when,  in  spite  of  his 
years,  he  was  awarded  third  prize : — 

'  I,  Alexander  Fergusson,  Live  Stock  Agent,  300  Duke 
Street,  Dennistoun,  Glasgow,  born  at  Inverhadden,  Rannoch, 
Perthshire,  on  the  11th  day  of  January  1822,  son  of  John 
Fergusson,  born  at  Lagreach,  near  Pitlochrie,  in  the  year 
1790  or  1791. 

'  He  was  taken  from  his  parents  (Thomas  Fergusson  and 
Christina  Douglas)  when  a  child  by  General  Fergusson  of 
Dunfallandy,  and  educated  there  at  his  expense,  he  being 
considered  the  nearest  male  heir  to  the  head  of  the  clan. 

'  Why  he  never  became  so  I  cannot  say.  He  left  Dun- 
tallandy  shortly  after  leaving  school,  and  learned  the  building 
trade  under  his  father. 

'  In  the  year  1820,  when  he  was  building  Muir  Lodge 
(his  first  contract  after  his  apprenticeship),  he  made  the 
acquaintance  of  Christina,  eldest  daughter  of  Alexander 
Macgregor,  Inverhadden,  ruling  elder  of  the  Established 
Church,  Kinloch,  whom  he  subsequently  married  in  the  end 
of  February  or  the  beginning  of  March  1821.  He  died  at 
Balmore,  and  was  buried  in  the  Churchyard  of  the  Esta- 
blished Church  at  Kinloch-Rannoch. 


'  My  father  (John  Fergusson)  had  three  brothers  and  two 
sisters;  the  names  of  the  sisters  were  Jane  and  Mary,  and 
of  the  brothers  Donald,  Wilhani,  and  Adam. 

'  Donald  and  William  went  to  Baltimore,  America,  and 
Adam  went  to  Kcputh  on  the  Tay,  where  he  died.  He  was 
a  blacksmith  to  trade.  As  far  as  my  great-grandfather  is 
concerned,  I  know  nothing  about  him,  further  than  that  his 
name  was  Adam  Fergusson. 

'  Alexander  Fergusson, 

300  Duke  Street,  Olasrjow. 

'  J.  Fergusson, 

'il/fir.  23/95.'  Cardiff. 

Section  X 


(From  the  Fasti  Scoticano'  Ecdesiiv.) 

Moulin  (Dunkeld). 

1736.  Adam  Fergiisson,  trans,  from  Killin  Pres.  by 
James,  Duke  of  Atliole,  in  Oct.  1735,  and  adm.  3rd  Feb. 
after;  being  appointed  to  intimate  the  sentence  of  the  Com- 
mission in  November  1733  declaring  Mr.  Wilson  of  Perth  no 
longer  a  min.  of  the  Church  in  the  pulpit  of  Perth,  he  was 
prevented  doing  so  by  a  tumultuous  multitude  who  met 
him  at  a  distance  from  the  city,  and  forcibly  resisted  his 
entrance.  He  took  a  considerable  interest  and  share  in  the 
business  of  the  Church,  and  was  elected  Moderator  of  the 
Gen.  Ass.,  21st  May  1772,  in  opposition  to  Dr.  John  Erskine 
of  Edinburgh,  by  a  majority  of  120  to  93.  Died  12th  Dec. 
1785,  in  81st  year  and  58th  min.  Married  31  Oct.  1735 
Amelia  Menzies,  who  died  3rd  May  1758,  and  had  three  sons 
and  a  daughter,  Neil,  Adam,  James,  and  Yere.  Publication — 
The  Leading  Characters  of  the  Church  of  Rome,  a  sermon, 
Edin,  1750.  8vo. — [Pres.  and  Syn.  Reg.  Neiu  Stat.  Ace.  x. 
Acts  of  Ass.  1734.     Ferrier's  Mem.  of  Wilson,  etc.] 

Killin  ( Weem). 

.  1728.  Adam  Fergussonc,  licens.  by  the  Presb.  28th  Dec. 
1720,  pres.  to  Kirkmichael  by  the  Laird  of  AsintuUy  in  April 
1727,  which  was  not  carried  out;  called  to  this  parish  25th 
June  and  ad.  (ass.  and  sue.)  11th  Sept.  1728  ;  trans,  to  Moulin 
6th  Jan.  11SG.— [Fresh.  Reg.     New  Stat.  Ace.  x.] 

Logierait  ( Weem). 

1714.    Adam  Fergusson,  A.M.,  trans,  from  Crathie,  pres.  by 
.lohn  Duke  of  Athol  in  June  and  adm.  22nd  Nov.:  he  was 


pres,  to  Blair- Atliol  by  his  Grace  in  Nov.  1716,  which  he 
dechned  to  accept.  It  was  proposed  in  1729  to  make  Logie- 
rait  the  seat  of  a  new  parish,  but  it  did  not  take  place.  Mr. 
F.  was  the  original  mover  in  the  Synod  of  Oct.  1732  against 
Mr.  Eben.  Erskine  for  his  expressions  in  the  Synod  sermon 
which  led  to  the  secession  from  the  Church  in  the  following 
year.  He  continued  discharging  his  sacred  duties  with 
faculties  distinct  and  unimpaired  till  his  death,  30th  July 
1754,  in  54th  min.  In  appearance  he  is  stated  to  have  been 
rather  below  the  middle  stature,  round  and  stout  made.  He 
married  Mary,  daughter  of  Mr.  Robert  Gordon  of  the  family 
of  Hallhead,  Aberdeenshire,  and  had  a  numerous  family,  of 
whom  the  Rev.  Dr.  Adam  F.,  Professor  of  Moral  Philosophy 
in  the  University  of  Edinburgh,  was  the  most  distinguished 
and  best  known. — [Pres.  and  Syn.  Reg.  New  Stat.  Ace.  x. 
Ferrier's  Memoir  of  Wilson.    Fergusons  Tracts,  etc.] 

Fortingal  {or  Fothergill)  ( Weem). 

1722.  Fergus  Ferguson,  A.M.,  studied  at  St.  Leonard's 
College,  and  grad.  St.  And.  21  May  1713;  called  31  Aug. 
1721,  and  ad.  8th  May  foil.;  died  14  Dec.  1753  in  32nd  min. 
Married,  29  Dec.  1726,  Henrietta  Menzies,  who  died  26  Nov. 
1751,  and  had  two  sons,  Finlay  and  John,  and  two  daughters, 
Eleonora  and  Ann. — [Act.  Red.  Ass.  St.  And.  Pres.  and 
Test.  Reg.  (Dunkeld),  etc.] 

1857.     Fortingal.     Samuel  Fergusson. 

Rhynd  (Perth). 

1722.  Francis  Fergusson,  A.M.,  studied  Old  College,  St. 
Andrews,  grad.  31  May  1711,  lie.  Pres.  of  Kirkcaldy,  28  Aug. 
1718,  called  12th  Dec.  1721,  and  ad.  5th  April  succ.  Died  of 
love  for  a  daughter  of  Moncrieff  of  East  Rhynd,  though  he 
had  neither  informed  the  object  of  his  affections  nor  any  of 
her  relations.  When  the  young  lady  heard  of  it,  she  bade 
him  live,  and  gave  hope  to  him ;  but  the  disease  by  that  time 
was  too  deeply  seated  to  be  removed,  and  he  died  9th  April 
1729,  in  8th  min. — [Act.  Rect.  St.  And.     Pres.  Reg.,  etc.] 


St.  Stephens  CJiurch,  PertJt. 

1835.  John  Ferguson,  appointed  schoolmaster  of  Kihiinver 
in  1821.  Licen.  by  Pres.  of  Lorn  1st  March  1831,  elected 
unanimously  9  Oct.  1834,  and  ad.  25  March  foil.,  trans,  to 
Kihiinver  16  Feb.  1838. — [Presh.  Reg.,  etc.] 

Monivavnl  {Auchterarder). 

1835.  John  Ferguson,  lie.  7  Sept.  1830,  pres.  by  Thos. 
Robert,  Earl  of  Kinnoul,  in  March,  and  ad.  9th  June  1835. 
Joined  Free  Church,  and  adm.  to  Free  Church,  Bridge  of 
Allan,  1844.  Married,  1838,  daughter  of  Rev.  John  Dempster 
of  Denny.  Publications — Account  of  Monivaird  and  Strowan 
{New.  Stat.  Ace.  x.).  Lecture  xxi.  {Free  Church  Pidpit,  iii.). — 
{^Presb.  Reg.     New  Stat.  Ace.  x.,  etc.] 



An  important  branch  of  the  clan  Fcrgiisson  {clann  Mine 
Fearghv  is)  has  been  settled  in  the  parish  of  Balqnhidderi  for 
at  least  the  last  six  centuries.-  It  is  a  somewhat  curious 
circumstance  that  in  all  parts  of  Scotland  where  branches  of 
this  clan  have  been  long  established  their  early  settlement  is 
connected  with  King-  Robert  the  Bruce.  Whether  this  is  the 
case  with  the  ancient  families  in  Balquhidder  it  is  difiicult  to 
say;  but  Bruce  took  shelter  here  in  1806,  after  the  battle  of 
Dalree.^     It  is  impossible  to  discover  whether  this  branch 

1  Balquhidder  signifies  '  the  town  at  tlie  back  of  the  country ' — Baile- 

-  '  The  more  ancient  clans  inhabiting  Bal(|uiiidder  were  the  clan  Laurin  or 
M'Larens,  the  M'Intyres,  the  Buchanans,  and  the  Fergussons,  and  more 
recently  the  M'Gregors  and  the  (Stewarts.  Thei-e  was  also  a  family  of  the 
name  of  Alpynsone,  at  Auchtow,  as  appears  from  the  Ragman  Roll,  where  we 
have  "  Duncan  Alpynsone  de  Aughtunaghes  "  mentioned  as  one  of  those  that 
swore  fealty  to  Edward  i.' — Rev.  Sanniel  Fergusson  in  The  Queerin  Visit, 
p.  17.S. 

^  '  Bruce,  in  his  retreat  from  Dalree,  entered  the  Braes  of  Balquhidder, 
pursued  by  his  victorious  enemies  (MacDougall  of  Lome  and  the  Macnabs  of 
Glendochard).  Himself  last  to  retreat,  and  covering  the  retreat  of  his  men, 
he  is  said  to  have  taken  post  when  hotly  pursued  on  a  large  piece  of  rock  in 
Loch  Voil,  on  its  northern  shore  and  near  its  western  end.  On  this  rock  the 
Bruce  was  fiercely  assailed  by  the  few  who  were  bold  enough  to  follow  so  far. 
His  weapon,  ever  ready  at  his  hand,  flashed  in  its  terrible  sweep  as  his 
assailants  fell  in  heaps  beside  the  rock,  and  not  until  the  last  of  them  bit  the 
dust,  or  pressed  the  waters  of  oblivion,  did  the  King  follow  his  men,  who  had 
retreated  to  the  wild  and  inaccessible  recesses  of  what  has  ever  since  been 
known  as  the  King's  rock  (Craig-ree).  In  a  cave  in  this  mountain  fastness 
the  King  remained  in  safety  for  a  few  days,  the  Laird  of  MacCregor,  his 
staunch  supporter  and  warm  adherent,  doing  all  in  his  power  to  procure 
fitting  supplies  for  the  King  and  his  exhausted  followers.  The  cave  is  still 
pointed  out  to  the  inquiring  traveller,  and  the  stone  in  the  lake  still  marks 
the  spot  where  the  Bruce  kept  his  own  against  all  comers  till  his  men  were 
safe  from  pursuit.' — Queen's  Visit,  p.  163. 


originally  came  from  Atliole  or  not.  Some  of  the  Atliole 
Fergussons  are  found  here ;  but  as  to  the  more  ancient 
families  tradition  is  silent.  To  show  the  important  place 
occupied  by  the  clan  one  has  only  to  look  at  the  churchyard 
and  the  old  Parish  Registers.  There  are  still  (1895)  some 
fifty  graves  pertaining  to  the  families  of  the  name  of 
Fergusson ;  and  the  representatives  of  the  oldest  family  in 
the  district  have  a  present  right  of  burial  in  some  twenty- 
five  lairs  in  the  western  and  southern  portions  of  the  church- 
yard. This  very  old  family  ^  has  long  been  known  as  the 
ancient  family  of  Ardandamh.^  ,The  oldest-dated  gravestone 
(flat)  in  the  churchyard  of  Balquhidder  belongs  to  this  family, 
and  bears  the  date  1663,  and  the  initials  A.  F.  It  is  a  long 
rough  stone,  lying  recumbent  on  one  of  the  graves  situated 
in  the  western  portion,  and  must,  with  the  other  stones  of  a 
like  kind,  have  marked  the  burying-place  of  the  Fergussons 
for  many  generations  previous  to  the  year  1663.  Another 
stone  adjoining  bears  the  initials  D.  M.  F.  and  M.  M.,  with 
the  following  inscription : — '  Here  lies  in  hope  of  a  blessed 
resurrection  the  remains  of  Duncan  Fergusson  in  Laggan  of 
Strathire,  who  died  in  the  year  1784,  aged  44  years.  Being 
of  the  anchant  family  of  Artandamh.  This  stone  was  erected 
by  Peter  Fergusson  his  son.'     Then  follow  these  verses : — 

'  How  loved,  how  valued  Once,  avails  thee  not. 
By  vi^honi  remembered,  Or  by  whom  forgot, 
A  heap  of  dust  alone  remains  of  thee. 
It  is  that  thou  art,  It  is  all  the  proud  shall  be.' 

One  section,  in  direct  descent,  of  this  ancient  family,  who 
appear  to  have  been  so  long  resident  at  Ardandamh  and 
Immervoulin  ^  on  Loch  Lubnaig,  went  to  Carnlia  *  on  Loch 

^  The  direct  representatives  of  the  ancient  family  of  Ardandamli  are  Mr. 
Robert  Fergusson,  Muirlaggan,  the  Rev.  R.  Menzies  Fergusson,  M.A., 
minister  of  Logie,  Stirlingshire,  and  their  immediate  relatives. 

-  Ard-an-damh,  signifies  'the  height  of  the  stag';  it  lies  to  the  east  of 
Laggan,  on  Loch  Lubnaig. 

■'  Lmmerroulin,  iomair  mhuileain,  mill-ridge.  Sir  Herbert  Maxwell,  in  his 
book,  Scottish  Land-Names,  says  :  '  lomaire  (emery)  is  an  obsolete  word 
signifying  a  ridge  or  hill-back,  surviving  in  the  name  Immervoulin,  in  Perth- 

*  Carnlia  is  the  grey  cairn,  carii  Hath. 


Earn,  and  tlience  to  Murlaggan,i  on  Loch  Voil.  The  Fergus- 
sons  of  Carnha  and  Murlaggan  were  directly  descended  from 
the  family  of  Ardandamh  on  the  female  side,  and  from  the 
family  of  Immervoiilin  on  the  male  side  of  the  house.- 
Ardandamh  House  was  considered  the  best  of  its  time  in 
Balquhidder,  and  the  fine  oak  joists  of  this  old  house  were 
removed  by  John  Fergusson^  (known  as  Tomnadrochig)  to 
Murlaofofan  and  built  into  the  new  house  there.  Donald  of 
Carnlia  and  his  son  Robert  (Rob  Mor)  assisted  at  the  removal 
from  Ardandamh.*  In  the  present  house  of  Murlaggan  there 
is  built  into  the  gable  above  one  of  the  doorways  a  rudely 
carved  half-length  statue  of  a  man  in  stone,  which  had  been 
brought  from  Carnlia  at  the  time  of  the  migration  of  the 
family.  This  stone  figure,  which  stood  near  the  roadway  at 
Carnlia,  was  commonly  known  as  tJie  hodach  (old  man),  and 
was   often   the   favourite   mark  for  little   Highland   stone- 

1  Murlaggan,  the  big  hollows,  mo7-  lagan. 

-  Robert  Fergussoii  of  Carnlia  married  Isabella  MacVean,  and  had  issue: — 
Donald  (of  Carnlia),  who  married  Isabella  Fergusson  and  had  issue — (1) 
Robert  (Rob  Mor  of  Murlaggan),  born  7th  November  1784,  died  7th  April 
1868,  aged  84  years  ;  (2)  Mary,  born  30th  April  1786  ;  and  (3)  Duncan,  born 
in  1789,  died  16th  November  1873,  aged  84  years.  Rob  Mor  was  unmarried. 
Duncan  married  Grace  M'Laren  of  Ardveich  (whose  family  had  been  there  in 
direct  succession  for  six  centuries)  and  had  issue  seven  sons  and  one  daughter, 
viz.  (1)  John,  (2)  Donald,  (3)  Duncan,  (4),  Robert,  (5)  Alexander,  (6)  Samuel, 
(7)  Peter,  and  (8)  Isabella.  The  fourth  son,  Robert,  succeeded  his  uncle, 
Rob  Moir,  at  Murlaggan,  and  died  in  18  ;  he  is  now  succeeded  by  his  only 
son  Robert.  The  eldest  sou,  John,  left  a  family,  of  which  the  eldest,  Duncan, 
resides  at  Brig  o'  Turk.  The  second,  Donald,  died  unmarried  ;  the  third, 
Duncan,  left  two  sons,  Duncan  and  Peter,  and  one  daughter,  Isabella ;  the 
fifth,  Alexander,  has  three  daughters  ;  the  sixth,  Samuel,  became  minister  of 
Fortingall  parish,  and  died  27th  September  1869,  leaving  five  sons  ;  the 
eldest,  Duncan,  a  distinguished  medical  student  of  Glasgow  University, 
was  accidentally  drowned  while  bathing  in  Loch  Voil  in  July  1876,  and  is 
buried  in  Balquhidder  churchyard  ;  another,  Robert  Menzies,  is  minister  of 
the  parish  of  Logic,  Stirlingshire  ;  a  third,  Henrj',  is  in  Canada  ;  the  fourth, 
Samuel,  is  an  M.B. ,  CM.,  practising  in  Alloa  ;  and  the  youngest,  Donald,  is 
assistant  minister  in  tlie  parish  of  North  Leith. 

^  John  Fergusson  was  uncle  of  Rob  Mor  and  Duncan  mentioned  in  pre- 
ceding note. 

*  A  cousin  of  Donald  of  Carnlia,,  named  John,  who  was  married  to  Isabella 
Fergusson,  had  a  son  John,  born  12th  September  1784,  and  at  the  same  time 
was  pressed  into  the  army.  He  never  returned  ;  but  the  representatives  of 
his  child  John  are  supposed  to  be  about  Forfar. 


throwers  as  they  passed  along.     A  broken  nose  and  chin 
bear  evidence  to  this  rough  usage  of  former  days. 

Previous  to  the  coming  of  the  Ardandamh  and  Carnlia 
Fergussons  to  Murlaggan  there  were  eight  famihes  resident 
there,  of  which  four  were  lairds  and  four  cottars.  The  lairds, 
who  were  named  Maclntyre,  were  portioners  of  Murlaggan,  and 
related  to  the  Fergussons,  their  successors.  In  their  burying- 
ground  in  Balquhidder  churchyard  is  one  tombstone  on  which 
is  inscribed,  under  their  coat  of  arms,  the  following  : — 

'  Erected  in  memory  of  John  Maclntyre,  Portioner  of  Muir- 
laggan,  Avho  died  in  1791,  and  Janet  Mac'Intyre  ^  his  spouse, 
and  John,  Cathrine,  Janet,  Mary,  their  children,  and  Peter 
Maclntyre,  Portioner  of  Muirlaggan,  who  died  in  May  1806.' 

Another  stone  runs  : — 

'  In  memory  of  Malcolm  Maclntyre,-  Portioner  of  Muir- 
laggan, who  died  the  8th  Feb.  1811,  and  Margaret  M'Nie  and 
Margaret  Maclntyre,  his  spouses,  and  Donald  and  Janet  Mac- 
lntyre, his  parents.' 

From  the  late  Mr.  Robert  Fergusson,  Stirling  (a  native  of 
Stronvar,  Balquhidder),  we  received  the  following  note  :— 

'  As  Athole  is  claimed  as  the  cradle  of  the  clan,  the  inference 
is  that  they  came  originally  from  that  district.  It  is  well 
known  that  the  Rev.  Finlay  Fergusson,  parish  minister  of 
Balquhidder  during  the  time  of  Dugald  Buchanan,  the  Gaelic 
poet,  came  from  Athole  ;  and  it  is  natural  to  suppose  he  came 
to  occupy  that  position  through  the  influence  of  his  clansmen 
in  Balquhidder — that  influence  being  all  the  greater  if,  as  is 
very  likely  to  have  been  the  case,  they  originally  belonged  to 
the  same  district  as  himself-'^ 

'  I  can  give  no  information  regarding  "  the  anchant  family 
of  Ardandamh."  The  probability  is  that  one  family  of  the 
clan  found  its  way  into  Balquhidder,  and  then  through  that 
family,  one  after  another,  with  the  pluck  and  push  of  the 

^  Her  maiden  name  was  Janet  Fergusson,  and  according  to  the  Baptismal 
Register  thej'  had  a  son  Patrick  or  Peter,  born  June  7,  1747,  who  died  in 
1806  as  above. 

-  This  Malcolm  was  uncle  to  Peter  Fergusson  in  Muirlaggan,  who  was 
known  as  '  Big  Peter,'  being  6  ft.  7  in.  high. 

^  This  is,  however,  somewhat  fanciful. 


true  Scotsman,  soon  spread  and  made  room  for  themselves 
all  over  the  parish  ;  for  we  find  them  in  all  parts  of  it.  Now, 
according  to  this  idea  of  one  family  coming  first  and  the 
others  following,  it  is  probable  that  "  the  anchant  family  of 
Ardandamh"  was  the  first  family  of  the  name  that  settled 
in  Balquhiddor,  and  so  is  entitled  to  be  called  "  the  anchant 
family."  ^  There  is  one  mark  of  its  being  an  ancient  family 
which  has  occurred  to  me.  At  the  place  called  Ardandamh 
there  is  a  splendid  row  of  beech-trees,  but  no  vestige  now, 
as  far  as  I  remember,  of  the  ruins  of  a  house.-  Now  it  is 
evident  from  the  grandeur  of  the  trees  that  the  house  to 
which  they  long  ago  gave  shelter  nmst  have  been  far  above  an 
ordinary  one,  and  that  the  family  occupying  it  must  have  been 
in  a  good  social  position ;  and  hence,  mayhap,  the  distinctive 
title  they  assume, — "  the  anchant  family  of  Ardandandi." 

'  It  will  be  of  interest,  I  have  no  doubt,  to  know  something 
of  the  unique  position  held  by  the  clan  in  the  western  part  of 
the  parish — that  part  of  it  in  which  is  the  Parish  Church  and 
the  churchyard,  in  which  lie  the  remains  of  the  famous  Rob 
Roy.^  One  son  of  the  Rev.  Finlay  Fergusson,  already  men- 
tioned, became  proprietor  of  Stronvar,  which  is  now  in  the 
possession  of  Mr.  James  Carnegie,  and  while  proprietor  there 
he  would  have  none  but  Fergussons  as  tenants  under  him. 
At  the  present  time,  more  than  a  hundred  years  since  then, 
the  clan  is  represented  in  strong  force  in  the  same  district 
still,  there  being  no  less  than  six  families  of  the  name  of 
Fergusson  within  a  short  distance  of  one  another.  What 
will  be  of  no  little  interest  to  the  Clan  Fergusson  Society  is 
that  at  least  six  members  of  the  Council  are  Stronvar  Fer- 

^  It  is  very  douljtfiil  if  this  is  the  case.  The  family  of  Immervoulin  appears 
to  be  equally  ancient,  and  if  Mr.  Fergusson 's  theory  about  the  Fergussons 
coining  from  Athole  is  to  hold,  there  must  have  been  earlier  traces  of  the 
name  nearer  the  northern  parts  of  the  parish. 

-  There  is  the  trace  of  the  ruins  still. 

"  '  He  died  at  Inverlochlarigbeg  in  the  Braes  of  Balquhidder  in  1733,  and 
was  interred  in  the  chancel  of  the  ancient  church  of  Balquhidder.  His  last 
resting-place  is  marked  by  a  blue  rudely  sculptured  stone,  with  a  sword  in 
pale  and  without  inscription.' — Qncen'.'^  Vl'iit,  p.  172.  An  ornamental  railing 
in  bronze,  designed  by  Mr.  D.  Macgregor  Ferguson,  sculptor,  Glasgow,  now 
surrounds  the  graves  of  Rob  Roy,  his  wife  Helen,  and  son  Colin,  with 
appropriate  inscriptions. 


gussons.  This  proprietor  of  Stronvar,  or,  as  lie  was  familiarly 
kuown  by  his  clansmen  and  countrymen  as  Roh  (t  Mhinisteir 
(the  Minister's  Robert),  Avas  a  great  legal  luminary.  It  is  told 
that  on  one  occasion  he  took  a  case  all  the  way  to  what  was 
called  the  Green  Table  in  London,  and  won  it,  which  was 
considered  in  those  days  the  most  wonderful  feat  in  the  law 
line.  Hence  the  people  of  Balquhidder  looked  up  to  him 
with  awe  and  reverence.  When  any  of  them  happened  to 
quarrel  and  bethought  them  of  going  to  get  the  matter 
settled  by  the  lawyers  at  Dunblane,  the  laird  of  Stronvar 
soon  settled  it  for  them  without  going  so  far,  and  so  saved 
them  much  trouble  and  expense.^  From  this  may  be  gathered 
the  depth  of  meaning  in  the  speech  which  the  chief  of  the 
M'Nabs  delivered  over  the  grave  of  Roh  a  Mhinisteir.  As 
the  people  (almost  all  the  parish  was  there)  were  gazing  at 
the  newly  closed  grave,  M'Nab  thus  briefly  addressed  them : 
"  Men  of  Balquhidder,  you  may  well  look  at  that  grave,  for 
ere  twelve  months  will  have  passed  over  you,  you  will  be 
ready  to  give  the  teeth  out  of  your  heads  if  you  could  call 
him  back  again  whom  you  have  this  day  laid  in  the  dust." ' 

On  11th  February  1772  the  lands  of  Drem,  in  East  Lothian, 
were  bought  from  the  daughters  of  the  Hon.  John  Hamilton 
by  John  Ferguson  of  Stronvar. 


The  Rev.  Finlay  Fergusson,  A.M.,  above  referred  to,  was  a 
native  of  Athole.     He  studied  at  St.  Leonard's  Collesre,  and 

'  Tlie  following  anecdote  is  current  in  tlie  district.  Some  eighty  years 
ago  two  sheep-farmers  on  the  JJraa  had  disputed  respecting  a  matter  of 
boundary,  and  each  resolved  to  get  the  matter  settled  at  law.  Both  farmers 
went  to  Dunblane  to  engage  a  lawyer,  and,  curiously  enough,  each  fixed  upon 
the  same  one.  The  case  of  the  first  who  waited  upon  him  the  lawyer  under- 
took ;  but  he  had  no  sooner  done  so  than  the  other  presented  himself  to  solicit 
his  services.  He  offered  him  a  note  of  introduction  to  a  brother  in  the  pro- 
fession, and  wrote  thus  : 

'  Twa  fat  sheep  frae  the  Braes  o'  Balquither  ; 
Fleece  you  the  ae  sheep,  I  '11  fleece  the  ither.' 

With  true  Scottish  caution  the  Highlander  inspected  the  note  before  pro- 
ceeding to  deliver  it,  and  observing  its  contents  returned  home  to  communi- 
cate them  to  his  neighbour.  The  differences  were  forthwith  adjusted  with- 
out legal  interposition. 


had  his  degree  from  the  University  of  St.  Andrews,  on  6th 
May  1713.^  The  Presbytery  of  Dimkeld  Hcensed  him  as  a 
preacher  of  the  Gospel  on  28th  March  1721.  He  was  called 
to  Balquhidder  on  25th  June,  and  ordained  16th  September 
1724,  in  succession  to  the  Rev.  James  Robertson,  A.M.,  trans- 
lated to  Luss  on  29th  October  1723.  The  Presbytery  of  Dun- 
blane at  this  meeting  '  appoint  their  brother,  Mr.  Archibald 
Napier,  to  write  unto  his  Grace  the  Duke  of  Atholl  and 
Collonel  Campbell  of  Funab,  acquainting  them  of  the  pre- 
misses and  showing  them  that  the  main  thing  which  moved 
the  Presbytery  to  cause  Mr.  Robertson's  volation  from  the 
parish  of  Balquhidder  was  the  grievances  laboured  under, 
and  that  they  may  see  to  have  the  same  redressed.'  At  the 
meeting  on  January  28th,  1724,  of  the  Presbytery  of  Dun- 
blane the  following  is  recorded : — '  This  day  was  presented 
and  read  a  letter  from  his  Grace  the  Duke  of  Atholl,  wherein 
he  is  pleased  to  show  his  satisfaction  with  the  Presbytery's 
procedure  in  transporting  Mr.  James  Robertson,  and  desires 
they  may  invite  Mr.  Finlay  Fergusson,  probationer  in  the 
Presbytery  of  Dunkeld,  to  preach  in  their  bounds,  and  par- 
ticularly in  the  parish  of  Balquhidder,  which  the  Presbytery 
considering,  they  have  appointed  their  moderator  to  return 
answer  to  his  Grace's  letter,  signifying  their  complyance  with 
his  desire,  and  begging  that  his  Grace  may  use  his  interest 
for  redressing  that  grievance  which  Mr.  Robertson  lay  under, 
and  which  principally  determined  the  Presbytery  to  go  in  to 
his  transportation,  viz.,  his  neither  being  able  to  obtain  the 
Decreet  of  Locality  from  Mr.  Stewart,^  late  incumbent  there, 
nor  payment  of  his  stipend  conform  thereunto  :  and  to  write 
to  the  said  Mr,  Finlay  Fergusson,  inviting  him  unto  their 
bounds,  and  that  he  bring  extract  of  his  Licence  and  other 

'  The  Rev.  Fergus  Fergusson,  A.M.,  minister  of  Fortingall,  obtained  his 
degree  at  St.  Andrews  in  the  same  year.  He  left  two  sons,  Finlay  and  John. 
He  was  probably  related  to  the  minister  of  Balquhidder. 

-  The  Rev.  Robert  Stewart,  A.M.,  from  Blair  Atholl,  a  brother  or  nephew 
of  Patrick  Stewart  of  Ballochan,  having  supported  King  James  and  joined 
his  army  at  Killiecrankie,  was  summoned  before  the  Privy  Council,  15th 
August  1689,  to  answer  the  charges  laid  against  him.  He  did  not  appear, 
was  ordered  to  be  denounced,  and  deprived  of  his  benefice.  He  was  dis- 
charged from  preaching,  or  exercising  any  other  part  of  the  ministerial  func- 
tion within  the  parish. 


credentials  along  with  him,  and  desiring  him  to  preach  before 
them  at  their  next  meeting  here  this  day  month.'  Mr.  Finlay 
Fergusson  accordingly  appeared  before  the  Presbytery  upon 
the  25th  February  1724,  and  preached  from  '  Gal.  4.  5  verse, 
viz.  to  redeem  them  that  were  under  the  Law,  that  we  miofht 
receive  the  adoption  of  sons.  He  also  produced  a  letter 
signed  and  dated  at  Mouline  the  18th  of  February  1724  by 
Adam  Fergusson,  James  Stewart,  and  Alexander  Stoddart, 
ministers  of  the  Presbytery  of  Dunkeld,  shewing  that  they 
had  received  this  Presbytery's  letter  anent  Mr.  Finlay  Fer- 
gusson, and  that  they  could  have  no  meeting  of  Presbytery 
where  he  might  have  extract  of  his  Licence  and  testimonials 
as  this  Presbytery  desire  ;  and  signifying  that  his  behaviour 
in  his  station  has  been  most  agreeable  and  that  his  licence 
shall  be  transmitted  at  their  first  meeting ;  which  Avas  read 
and  this  note  of  it  ordered  to  be  recorded  ;  and  they  appoint 
Mr.  Fergusson  to  preach  at  Lecropt  Sabbath  next,  and  at 
Balquhidder  on  Sabbath  come  eight  dayes.'  Mr.  Finlay  Fer- 
gusson having  supplied  Lecropt  and  Balquhidder,  is  appointed 
to  supply  Balquhidder  any  two  Sabbaths  he  most  conveniently 
can.  '  The  Presbytery  this  day  received  a  letter  from  his 
Grace  the  Duke  of  Atholl  with  relation  to  Mr.  Finlay  Fer- 
o-usson,  showing  his  Grace's  inclination  to  know  from  the 
presbytery,  in  a  reasonable  time,  both  theirs  and  the  parish 
of  Balquhidder's  good  inclination  toward  Mr.  Fergusson  ; 
and  promising  to  cause  try  if  the  Decreet  of  Locality  of  the 
Stipend  of  Balquhidder  be  in  Mr.  Robert  Stewart's  hands,  and 
to  endeavour  to  get  it  up  by  employing  some  person  to  speak 
to  him  thereanent,  he  being  such  a  person  as  his  Grace  does 
not  converse  with  for  some  years  past ;  which  was  read  and 
the  presbytery  resolve  to  return  answer  to  it  in  due  time.' 

On  15th  April  1725  the  Presbytery's  minute  records  : — 
'  They  appoint  their  moderator  to  write  a  letter  to  his  Grace 
the  Duke  of  Atholl  acquainting  him  that  the  presbytery  have 
received  a  letter  from  some  of  the  Heritors  and  elders  of  the 
parish  of  Balquhidder,  signifying  that  parish's  satisftiction  with 
Mr.  Finlay  Fergusson,  probationer,  who  hath  by  the  appoint- 
ment of  this  Presbytery  for  some  time  been  preaching  in  that 


On  2nd  June  1724  the  minute  runs  : — '  This  day  a  letter 
from  his  Grace  the  Duke  of  Atholl ;  shewing  his  satisfaction 
with  the  people  of  Balquhiddcr  being  well  pleased  with  Mr. 
Fcrgusson,  and  that  he  is  acceptable  to  the  Presbytery  of 
Dunblane,  was  laid  before  the  presbytery,  likeways  showing 
that  he  leaves  it  to  the  presbytery  to  appoint  such  a  day  as 
they  shall  lind  expedient  for  moderating  a  call  to  one  to 
be  minister  of  Balquhidder,  as  also  a  letter  from  Colonell 
Campbell  of  Funab  to  the  same  purpose,  together  with  a 
petition  from  the  elders  of  the  said  parish  earnestly  intreat- 
ing  the  presbytery  would  send  one  of  their  number  to  moder- 
ate in  a  meeting'  for  electino-  of  and  calling  one  to  be  their 
minister.  In  complyance  with  the  desire  of  the  said  letters 
and  petition,  the  presbytery  have  appointed  their  brother  Mr. 
John  M'Callum  to  preach  at  Balquhidder  on  Sabbath  come 
eight  days,  and  after  forenoon's  sermon  to  make  intimation 
to  Heritors,  Elders,  and  Heads  of  families  of  the  said  parish 
to  meet  at  the  church  of  Balquhidder  on  Thursday  the  25th 
day  of  June  next,  in  order  to  elect  and  subscribe  a  call  to  one 
to  be  minister  of  the  said  parish  ;  as  also  to  moderate  in  the 
said  meeting,  and  appoints  their  moderator  to  write  letters 
to  all  non-residing  Heritors  and  others  of  the  said  parish, 
acquainting  them  of,  and  desiring  their  presence  at,  the  said 
meeting,  or  to  signify  their  mind  in  the  said  matter  by  their 
letters.  They  appoint  Mr.  Finlay  Fcrgusson  to  supply  Bal- 
quhidder with  preaching  as  oft  as  he  can  betwixt  and  next 
meeting,  and  that  he  preach  for  Mr.  M'Callum  the  Sabbath 
he  preaches  at  Balquhidder,  and  appoints  their  clerk  to  give 
warrand  to  Mr.  M'Callum  for  the  effect  foresaid.' 

On  June  30th,  1724,  John  Buchanan  and  John  Carmichael, 
conmiissioned  from  the  heritors  and  elders  of  the  parish  of 
Balquhidder,  appeared  before  the  Presbytery  and  reported 
that  a  meeting  of  heritors,  elders,  and  heads  of  families  was 
held  in  the  Kirk  of  Balquhidder  on  25th  June,  and  that  they 
had  unanimously  elected  and  subscribed  a  call  to  Mr.  Finlay 
Fcrgusson,  probationer  for  the  ministry,  to  be  their  minister. 
The  said  call  and  the  commissions  of  those  appearing  were 
laid  before  the  Presbytery.  The  call  was  subscribed  by  eleven 
heritors,  tAvelve  elders,  and  a  good  many  heads  of  families. 


and  attested  by  Mr.  John  M'Callum,  moderator  to  that 
meeting.  The  call  was  approved ;  Mr.  Fergusson  was  called 
m  and  his  trials  appointed.  On  25th  August  1724  Mr. 
Fergusson  delivered  his  trial  discourses,  which  were  sustained. 
The  edict  for  his  ordination  was  ordered  to  be  served,  and 
he  was  ordained  on  16th  September  1724.  Mr.  Archibald 
Napier,  minister  at  Kilmadock,  preached  the  ordination 
sermon,  '  and  did  by  solemn  prayer  and  imposition  of  the 
hands  of  the  presbytery  set  apart  and  ordain  the  said  Mr. 
Finlay  Fergusson,  minister  of  Balquhidder,  gave  him  the 
right  hand  of  fellowship,  and  thereafter  received  him  a 
member  of  this  presbytery.' 

These  extracts  are  given  as  being  interesting  in  themselves, 
and  also  as  they  show  how  patrons,  like  the  Duke  of  Atholl, 
exercised  their  rights  of  presentation  one  hundred  and 
seventy  years  ago. 

Mr.  Fergusson  died  on  20th  February  1772,  in  the  forty- 
eighth  year  of  his  ministry.  His  wife  was  Henrietta 
Buchanan,  by  whom  he  had  issue : — Margaret,  born  3rd 
March   1729;   Henrietta,  born  8th  May  1736;   John,  born 

2nd  April  1738;  ,  born  15th  June  1741;  Robert,  born 

1st  April  1743.  This  son,  Robert,  became  proprietor  of 
Stronvar,  and  his  name  appears  in  the  Presbytery  books  as 
a  heritor  in  the  parish. — [Act.  Red.  Univ.  St.  And.  Presb. 
and  Syn.  Reg.,  etc.]. 


Dugald  Buchanan,  the  Gaelic  poet,  to  whose  memory  a 
fountain  was  recently  erected  at  Strathyre,  through  the 
instrumentality  of  Mr.  Robert  Fergusson,  Stirling,  was  born 
at  Strathyre  in  1716.  He  was  a  son  of  John  Buchanan  and 
Janet  Fergusson,  who,  according  to  the  Parish  Register,  were 
proclaimed  and  married  on  22nd  May  1711.  The  poet's 
mother  belonged  to  the  family  of  Ardandamh,  and  a  wooden 
cupboard  made  by  himself  is  now  in  the  possession  of  the 
Fergussons  of  Murlao'gan. 

Another  man  of  some  note  in  Strathyre  was  Thomas 
Fergusson,  who  resided  at  Tayness.     He  was  in  the  75tli 


regiment/  and  was  present  at  the  battle  of  Scringapatani, 
the  hero  of  which  was  Sir  David  Baird,  to  whose  meniory  a 
conspicuous  monument  was  erected  by  his  widow  in  1832, 
on  the  top  of  Tom-a-chastle  (the  Castle  hill),  between  Crieff 
and  Conn-ie.  The  father  of  Thomas  Fergusson,  John,  came 
from  Atholl  along  with  the  Rev.  Finlay  Fergusson,  and 
married  a  sister  of  Duncan  Fergusson  of  Cariilia,  who  came 
to  Murlacfffan  on  Loch  Voil,  and  was  thus  cousin  to  Rob  Mor 
of  Murlaggan.  At  the  Disruption  Thomas  refused  to  sign 
the  Deed  of  Demission,  and  took  up  a  strong  position  of 
opposition  to  the  Free  Church  party  in  1843.  His  sword  is 
still  preserved  at  Murlaggan.  One  of  his  sons  entered  the 
army  and  succeeded  well,  but  died  early. 


Glancing  at  the  Baptismal  Register  of  the  parish  of 
Balquhidder  -  we  find  that  a  large  proportion  of  the  yearly 
baptisms  is  of  the  name  of  Fergusson.  This  can  be  shown 
by  taking  a  few  instances  here  and  there.  In  the  year  1735 
there  were  58  baptisms  recorded,  and  of  these  14  were 
Fergussons.  A  similar  number  occurs  in  1745;  and  in  1758 
out  of  48  baptisms  16  Averc  the  children  of  Fergussons.     In 

^  The  75th  regiment  was  ordered  to  be  raised  in  1787,  the  colonelcy  of 
which  was  conferred  on  Colonel  Robert  Abercromby  of  Tullibody,  afterwards 
Sir  Robert  Abercromby  of  Airthrey.  According  to  a  practice  then  prevail- 
ing, the  headquarters  of  the  regiment  about  to  be  raised  was  fixed  in  the 
neighbourhood  of  the  Colonel's  residence.  The  town  of  Stirling  was  thus 
appointed  for  the  embodying  of  the  75th,  where  it  was  regimented  in  June 
1788,  and,  being  immediately  ordered  for  England,  embarked  for  India.  The 
regiment  took  the  field  in  1790,  under  the  command  of  Colonel  Hartley,  and 
in  the  two  following  years  formed  part  of  the  force  under  Major-General 
Abercromby  on  his  two  marches  to  Seringapatam.  The  regiment  took  part 
in  the  assault  of  that  capital  in  1799,  and  was  subsequently  employed  in  the 
provinces  of  Malabar,  Goa,  the  Guzzerat,  etc.,  and  in  1805  was  with  General 
Lake's  army  in  the  disastrous  attacks  on  Bhurtpore.  It  was  ordered  home 
in  1806,  and  although  a  Highland  regiment,  in  1809  there  were  scarcely  a 
hundred  men  in  it  born  north  of  the  Tay.  It  is  now  the  1st  Battalion 
Gordon  Highlanders. 

-  The  baptisms  date  from  1696  to  1819,  and  the  marriages  from  1710  to 
1724.  The  book  is  in  the  General  Register  House,  Edinburgh.  The  greatest 
number  of  souls  in  the  parish,  so  far  back  as  can  be  traced,  was  1592 ;  by 
last  census  (1891)  the  population  was  758. 


1770  there  were  12  out  of  G3;  in  1786  there  were  16  out  of 
47  ;  in  1795  there  were  13  out  of  45 ;  and  in  1799  there  were 
11  out  of  32.  These  fiofures  are  a  sufficient  indication  of  how 
numerous  were  the  families  of  the  name  in  this  parish  during 
the  eighteenth  century. 

Among  the  places  where  these  families  resided  are  the 
following,  with  the  derivation  and  meaning  of  the  words  : — 

Achloghine,  Ach  and  Loine,  gen.  of  Lon,  meadoAv,  field  of  the 

Ardaridamh,  Ard-an-damh,  the  height  of  the  stag. 
Auchleskine,  Ach-le-sgain  (?),  field  belonging  to  Scone ;  but  a 

simpler  meaning  is  from  Achadh-le-sgaineadh,   '  the  field 

with    the  cleft,'  referring   to   the   large  mountain   cleft 

behind  the  house. 
Ardocli,  Ard,  achadh  or  mhaijh,  high  field. 
Auchtow,  Ach,  dubh,  black  field. 
Auchra,  Amh,  rath,  field  of  the  fort.     It  has  also  been  rendered 

'  the  field  at  the  ford ' ;  bu^t  the  correct  meaning  is  likely 

'  the  field  by  the  beach  or  shore  (traigh),'  as  there  is  a 

level  promontory  jutting  out  into  Loch  Earn. 
Bailfoil,  or  Bally  foil,  Bailc,  'phuiU,  the  town  of  the  pool. 
Balinluig,  Baile,  an,  Inig,  the  town  of  the  hollow. 
Balvoir,  Bailc,  mor,  big  town. 
Balmenoch,  Baile,  mcadhonach,  middle  town. 
Balchnoik,^  Bade,  cnoc,  gen.  chnoic,  the  town  of  the  hillock. 
Bra  of  Ardveich,  Braigh,  head  of  the  glen,  or  the  height  of 

Ardveich ;  e.g.  Braes  of  Balquhidder  in  Gaelic^ Braigh 

Ardveich,  Ard,  bheithich,  birchy  height. 
Carnlia,  Cam,  Hath,  the  grey  cairn. 
Craigruie,  Creag,  righ,  the  King's  rock. 
Cuilt,  Cuil,  a  nook.     In  local  pronunciation  the  t  is  silent. 
Craggan,^  Crcagean,  the  crags. 
Creagan,  Creagaii,  a  little  crag. 
Castran,  Castaran,  quarter  (of  land). 
Criganbeg,  Crcagean,  heag,  little  crags. 
Corlavrich,  Goire,  lahhrach,  the  noisy  corrie. 
Dalin-laggan,-  Dal,    an,   lagan,   haugh  or   level   plain  of  the 


1  Of  Edinchip.  -  Of  Glenbuckie. 



Dalveich,  Dal,  bheithich,  bivchy  haugh. 

Edinample,  Aodann,  teampuil,  the  place  of  worship  on  the  face 
of  the  hilL  This,  however,  is  a  douhtful  derivation  ;  it 
may  be  from  Aodann  and  phuiU,  the  face  of  the  hill  by 
the  pool. 

Gartnafuaren,  Gart,  fuaran,  the  enclosure  of  the  springs. 

Glenogle,  Gleann,  oghuidh,  the  terrific  or  awful  glen  ;  or 

Gleann  og,  thmlle,  glen  of  the   young   or  newly-started 
floods;  or  it  might  be  high  glen  {iichel,  Welsh)  =  ochil. 

Immer-eoin,  lomair,  eoin,  the  ridge  of  birds. 

Immeriach,  lomair,  liath,  grey  or  mottled  ridge. 

Immervoulin,  lomair,  mhuilcain,  mill-ridge. 

Innernenty,^  Inbhir  'ri  ahliain,  duibh,  confluence  of  the  black 

Ishagearb,  Inniseag,  carb,  little  plain  of  the  roe-deer. 

Kyp,  Chip,  gen.  of  Ceap,  a  last  or  block ;  applied  to  the  top 
of  a  hill. 

Kirktown,  the  town  beside  the  church. 

Laggan,  Lagan,  a  hollow. 

Ledcreioch,  Leathad,  crioch,  the  slope  of  the  march. 


Lianach  (Glenl)uckie),  Lian,  a  meadow  ;  liauach,  adj.  meadowy. 

Monachylebeg,  Monadh,  choille,  beag,  little  hill  wood. 

Monachylemore,  the  big  hill  wood. 

Mainab,  Magh,  an,  ab,  field  of  the  abbot. 

Murlaggan,  or  Muirlaggan,  mor,  lagan,  big  hollows. 

Ruskachan,^  riasgach,  marshy  lands. 

Strathyre,  Srath  fheoir,  grassy  strath. 

Stronlany,  Sron,  leana,  the  point  of  the  meadow. 

Stronvar,  Sro7i,  bhar,  the  pointed  promontory. 

Strone,  Sron,  the  point  or  promontory. 

Stronyre,  Sron,  tir  or  thir,  promontory  of  land.  It  is  pro- 
nounced hlr. 

Tayness,  Taobh,  an,  nis,  beside  the  waterfall. 

Tomnadrochit  (Stronvar),  To7n,  na,  drochaid,  the  hillock  of  the 

Tullich,  tulach,  a  hillock. 

Tighannock,  Tigh,  house ;  an,  ac,  of  the  acts. 

In  many  of  the  above  places  representatives  of  the  old  families 
still  reside. 

'  Easter. 


From  the  Exchequer'  Rolls. 

In  1480,  Colin  Fergusson  was  Crown  tenant  of  Stank  in  Strath- 
gartney  (vol.  ix.).  His  name  is  repeated  in  1483,  1486,  1487, 
1490,  and  1492  (vol.  x.).  In  1499,  Catlirine,  relict  of  Colin,  and 
Patrick  Fergusson,  her  son,  were  Crown  (kindly)  tenants  of  Stank 
(vol.  xi.).  Their  names  appear  again  in  1502  (vol.  xii.).  In 
1510,  under  Balquhidder,  Innertewingis  feued  to  Patrick  Fergusson 
(vol.  xiii.). 

From  Privy  Council  Registers. 

In  1612,  Duncan  Fergusson  in  Strathyre  is  complained  of  and 
\)\xt  to  the  horn  for  destroying  deer  in  the  Forest  of  Glenfinlas 
'with  hagbuts,  bows,  and  utheris  ingynis.' — {F.  C.  Beg.  ix.  p.  457.) 

On  14th  July  1G13  the  following  Fergnssons  were  fined  for 
resetting  the  clan  Gregor:^ — Murdo  Fergusson  in  Drapan, 
£20 ;  Donald  Fergusson  in  Miltown,  iiij  li. ;  Donald  Dow 
Fergusson  in  Lagan,  £10  ;  Donald  Roy  Fergusson  there,  £G  ; 
Fergus  Fergusson  there,  ten  nierkis ;  Murdo  Bayne  Fergusson 
in  Bayd,  £10 ;  Duncan  Bayne  Fergusson  there,  80  merkis ; 
Donald  Fergusson  in  Innerecho,  10  merkis;  Alex.  Fergusson 
in  Innermule,  10  nierkis ;  Robert  Fergusson  there,  £10 ; 
Johne  Fergusson  in  Anny,  100  merkis ;  Finla  M'lanes  alias 
Fergusson  in  Tombeg,  20  li. — (P.  G.  Reg.  x.).^ 

Balquhidder  has  been  called  the  MacGregor  country,  and 
their  possessions  were  at  one  time  very  extensive,  reaching 

1  'As  a  race  they  have  been  distinguished  for  an  indomitable  spirit  of  bold 
independence,  for  heavy  misfortunes,  long-continued  persecutions,  severe 
and  grievous  wrongs.  Warrants  to  attack,  imprison,  and  slaughter  the 
MacGregors  were  issued  as  early  as  1563.  An  Act  of  Parliament  of  1603, 
followed  by  others  in  1613,  1617,  and  1633,  authorised  a  war  of  extermination 
against  the  clan,  who  had  this  one  great  misfortune  to  lament,  that  at  Court 
they  had  no  one  able  or  willing  to  stand  out  in  their  behalf  or  to  tell  their 
side  of  the  story.  They  had  thus  to  suffer  from  the  calumnies,  the  exaggera- 
tions, and  the  wilful  misrepresentations  of  their  enemies.  Acts  of  Privy 
Council,  proclamations,  and  commissions  of  justiciary  were  issued  from 
time  to  time  against  the  devoted  clan  ;  and  the  Privy  Council  agreed  to  give 
a  specified  sum  of  money  for  every  head  of  a  MacGregor  that  might  be 
brought  to  Edinburgh  in  virtue  of  these  bloodthirsty  edicts.  At  the  Restora- 
tion, in  1661,  the  Acts  against  the  MacGregors  were  repealed,  and  their 
family  name,  with  other  privileges,  restored  ;  but  former  Acts  were  reinforced 
by  the  Revolution  Parliament  in  1691.'— ^Heew's  Visit,  p.  169. 

"  Also  Robert  Fergusson  in  Callender. 


from  Taymoiitli  to  the  head  of  Glen  Lyon,  inckuling  Glcn- 
dochard  and  embracing  Glenurchay.  In  the  words  of  John 
Hill  Burton: — 'It  was  not  until  the  year  1775  that  the 
opprobrium  thrown  on  the  name  of  MacGregor  was  removed 
by  an  Act  of  the  British  Parliament.  Since  that  day  the 
once  dreaded  name  has  been  sounded  with  respect  at  drawing- 
room  doors,  in  levees,  in  bank  parlours,  and  on  the  hustings. 
It  has  fallen  to  the  lot  of  many  eminent  and  worthy  men  ; 
and,  singularly  enough,  the  oidy  Highland  clan  which  strives 
to  keep  its  ancient  ties,  and  assemble  together  in  a  body,  is 
that  same  clan  Gregor,  to  whom  it  was  prohibited  to  convene 
in  numbers  exceeding  four  at  a  time.' 


The  old  Gaelic  Pulpit  Bible  of  Balquhidder,  in  Irish 
characters,  which  was  presented  to  the  parish  in  1685  by  the 
Hon.  Robert  Boyle,  came  into  the  possession  of  the  Rev. 
Samuel  Fergusson,  minister  of  Fortingall,  and  is  now  in  the 
keeping  of  his  son,  the  minister  of  Logie.  Regarding  this 
volume,  Professor  Mackinnon,  of  the  Celtic  Chair  in  the 
University  of  Edinburgh,  writes  : — '  The  Irish  N.  T.  was 
published  in  1603,  and  thereafter  in  1681.  Bedell's  0.  T.  was 
published  in  1685  and  copies  of  it  sent  to  the  Highland 
Parishes  by  the  Hon.  Robert  Boyle,  with  suitable  inscriptions. 
It  is  a  good  bulky  4to  in  Irish  characters,  and  contains  the 
0.  T.  alone.  The  Rev.  Robert  Kirk,  minister  of  Balquhidder, 
published  in  1690,  in  small  8vo,  the  Irish  translations  of  both 
0.  T.  and  N.  T.,  but  in  Roman  alphabet  with  contractions 
extended,  and  a  small  vocabulary  appended.  It  Avould  be 
interesting  if  the  copy  you  possess  was  the  Balquhidder  copy 
of  Bedell,  as  it  would  have  been  the  copy  used  by  Kirk. 
These  Bibles  were  presented  to  the  ministers  of  the  parishes 
"  and  their  successors  in  office." ' 

There  is  no  doubt  that  this  is  the  copy  of  Bedell  used  for 
generations  in  Balquhidder  parish  church.  At  the  end  of 
the  Book,  on  the  last  page,  there  is  written  in  the  clear  quaint 
hand  of  the  period  the  inscription,  '  The  Church  Bible  of 
Balquidder,  1688.'  At  the  end  of  the  Book  of  Exodus,  p.  128, 
is  the  following:  'Presented  to  Samuel  Fergusson  by  Miss 


Janet  Fergiisson  of  Corlaracli,  Balquhidder,  on  this  the  23rd 
day  of  August  1S47.'  There  is  also  another  inscription  at 
the  end  of  the  Book  of  Haggai,  on  ]).  1126,  which  says  that 
'  Janet  Fergusson,  Corlarach  of  Stronvar,  is  the  right  owner  of 
this  Book.'  How  this  Bible  came  into  Miss  Janet  Fergusson's 
jDossession  I  have  not  yet  been  able  to  discover. 

It  is  doubtful  whether,  as  Professor  Mackinnon  says,  Mr. 
Robert  Kirk  used  the  Bible  when  minister  of  Balquhidder,  as 
he  was  translated  to  Aberfoyle  in  1G85.  Mr.  Kirk  wrote  also 
the  famous  Secret  Commonwealth  of  Elves,  Fauns,  and 
Fairies,  published  in  1691,  reprinted  in  1815,  and  re-issued 
under  the  editorship  of  Mr.  Andrew  Lang  in  1893.  His  first 
wife,  Isabel,  daughter  of  Sir  Colin  Campbell  of  Mochcster 
(now  Lawers),  died  in  December  1680,  and  is  buried  in  Bal- 
quhidder churchyard.  Mr.  Kirk  cut  out  with  his  own  hand 
on  a  flat  gravestone  the  following  ejDitaj^h  to  her  memory  : — 


Spouse  to  Mr.  Kirk,  Minister. 

DIED  DEC.   25,   1680. 

She  HAD  TWO  Sons,  Colin  and  William 

HER  AGE   25. 

Stones  weep  tho'  eyes  were  dry  : 
Choicest  flowers  soonest  die. 
Their  sun  oft  sets  at  noon, 
Whose  fruit  is  ripe  in  June. 
Then  tears  of  joy  be  thine, 
Since  earth  must  soon  resign 
To  God  what  is  divine. 

Nasci  est  aegrotare.     Vivere  est  saepe  mori. 
Et  mori  est  vivere.     Love  and  live. 

The  church  bell,  Avhich  stiU  hangs  in  tho  belfry  of  the  ruins 
of  the  old  church,  bears  the  following  inscription  on  it : — 

M.  Robert  Kirk,  for  Balqvidder  Chvrch,  1684. 
Love  and  Live.     Live  and  Love. 


At  the  meeting  of  Synod  held  at  Dunblane  on  the  14th 
October  1668,  during  Robert  Leigh  ton's  bishopric,  an  entry 
in  the  minute  of  that  day  reads,  'Duncane   Fergisone  in 


Balqiihiddar,  ane  poor  man,  was  referred  to  the  charity  of 
the  severall  ministers  within  the  Diocese  for  suppHe.' 

At  the  meeting  of  Synod  held  on  14th  April  1669,  another 
entry  declares :  '  Itt  is  ordained  that  noe  indigent  persone 
within  the  boundes  of  the  Synod  be  referred  to  the  Synod 
for  supplie  without  consent  of  the  Presbytcrie  within  which 
the  persone  dnelles.'  This  appears  to  affect  general  cases, 
and  may  not  have  any  reference  to  the  above  case. 

The  Synod  of  80tli  September  167e3,  when  Bishop  Ramsay 
succeeded  Leighton,  has  a  reference  from  tho  Presbytery 
Book  of  Dunblane  in  connection  with  '  Duncan  FerQ-ison  in 
Balquidar,  lyeing  under  the  horrid  scandall  of  adulteric.' 
'  So  as  all  citaciouncs  and  admoniciounes  being  slighted  bo 
him,  and  he  wanteing  nothing  but  the  sentence  of  excom- 
municacioun  from  God's  people  to  be  dcnunced,  theirforc  the 
Bishop  and  Synod  ordaines  fairc  means  to  be  used  for 
reclaimeing  the  foresaid  delinquent,  and  to  dcsyre  him,  for 
the  favour  of  God  and  the  good  of  his  owne  soule,  to  com 
before  the  Presbyterie  of  Dunblaine  at  their  nixt  dyet ;  and 
then,  if  there  he  confess  the  fact,  or  doe  according  to  the 
Presbyteries  ordinance,  that  he  shal  be  admitted  unto  publiq 
repentance ;  and  if  he  obey  not,  the  dreadfuU  sentence  to  bo 
denunced  against  him.' 

At  tire  Synod  meeting  of  14th  April  1674,  '  The  Bishope 
did  enquyre  at  Mr,  Robert  Kirk,  minister  at  Balquhidar, 
what  he  had  done  anent  Duncane  Fero-ison,  adulterer  in  that 
paroch,  againes  whom  the  sentence  of  excommunicaciouno 
was  to  be  denunced.  The  minister  declared  that  he  had  not 
as  yet  put  the  sentence  in  execucioun,  but  was  dealling  with 
him  to  bring  him  to  repentance,  who  now  hes  promised 
either  to  acknowledge  the  guilt  or  to  clear  himselfe  by  oath 
verie  shortly, — which  if  he  does,  the  processe  ceases ;  and  if 
not,  that  the  Act  of  the  former  Synod  take  effect.' 

In  Dr.  Scott's  Fasti,  it  is  stated  that  Alexander  Fargie,  or 
Fergusone,  was  minister  of  Logic  in  1567,  having  Clack- 
mannan also  in  charge,  with  j''  li.  (£8,  6s.  8d.)  of  stipend.  He 
removed  from  Logic  and  was  presented  to  Kilmadock  by 
James  vi.  on  30th  November  1571.  In  1574  Kincardine, 
Lccrope,  and  Logic  were  also  in  the  charge,  with  v^^xvj  li. 


V.  s.  vjfd.  (£9,  13s.  9kl.)  of  stipend.  He  was  a  member  of 
Assembly,  April  1581,  and  one  of  the  three  nominated  by  the 
Privy  Council,  6th  March  1589,  for  the  maintenance  of  true 
religion  in  the  Stewartries  of  Stratherne  and  Menteith,  with 
the  Diocie  of  Dunblane.  He  removed  to  Logie  again  about 
that  time,  1590,  and  continued  until  7th  March  1591,  but  died 
in  1592. — (Reg.  Min.  and  Assig.,  Fred>.  Reg.  Wodrow  Miscell. 
Books  of  the  Kirh.  Evid.  on  Ch.  Patronage.  New  Stat.  Ace.) 
John  Fergusson,  a  native  of  Cowal,  studied  divinity  at  the 
University  of  Glasgow,  was  called  to  be  minister  of  the  parish 
of  Port  of  Mentoith,  24th  and  25th  August  1725,  and  was 
ordained  27th  July  172(5.  Ho  died,  2nd  October  1768,  in  the 
forty-third  year  of  his  ministry.  He  was  proprietor  of  the 
estate  of  Craigholl.^ — (Fresh.,  Syn.,  and  Test.  Reg.  {Dun- 
hlane).     Mun.  Univ.  Glasg.  iii.     Netv  St<d.  Ace.  x.) 


Mr.  Malcolm  Ferguson  was  born  at  Morenish,  on  Loch  Tay 
near  the  village  of  Killin.  His  parents,  though  of  humble 
station,  were  highly  respected  and  esteemed  for  their  con- 
sistent and  exemplary  lives.  Although  compelled,  through 
no  fault  of  their  own,  to  remove  from  their  native  homestead 
and  quit  dear  Breadalbane,  they  enjoined  their  children  to 
lay  their  remains  beside  their  kith  and  kin  in  the  churchyard 
of  Killin.  Young  Malcolm  received  his  education  first  at 
Morenish  and  afterwards  at  the  parish  school  of  Killin.  For 
some  time  after  leaving  school  he  acted  as  tutor  to  the 
young  family  of  the  late  Mr.  Forachar  MacKerachar,  at 
Benmore,  Glendochart.  On  coming  to  Glasgow  Mr.  Ferguson 
entered  the  service  of  Messrs.  John  Brown  and  Co.,  then  the 
largest  public  storekeepers  in  the  city.  For  many  years  he 
occupied  the  position  of  head  storekeeper,  and  by  and  by  set 
up  in  business  for  himself.  In  1855  he  formed  the  well- 
known  and  respected  firm  of  IVIessrs.  Malcolm  Ferguson  and 
Co.,  Glasgow. 

1  At  this  time  Gaelic  was  the  common  language  of  the  parishioners  of  Port, 
and  they  made  api)lication  to  the  Earl  of  Buchan,  then  proprietor  of  the 
estate  of  Cardross,  and  patron  of  the  parish,  who,  acceding  to  their  wishes, 
appointed  the  Rev.  John  Fergusson. 


His  first  attempt  at  authorsliip  was  A  Tour  tJirough 
Oread  la  and  the  North  of  Scotland  (1S68),  the  result  (3f  a 
trip  made  tliat  year  to  the  Orkney  Islands.  This  book  has 
been  followed  by  a  number  of  other  works  of  more  than  local 
interest.  In  18G9  his  Tour  through  the  Highlands  of  Perth- 
shire appeared.  His  next  volume,  Ramhies  in  Skye,  was 
issued  in  1883,  followed  two  years  later  by  the  Tourist's  Guide 
to  Killin,  Loch  Tay,  and  the  Land  of  famed  Breadalhane. 
In  1886  Rambles  in  North  Knaj)dale  w\as  the  fruit  of  some 
fishing  experiences.  His  other  books  are  an  excellent  Tourist 
Guide  to  Callander,  the  Trossachs,  etc.,  Rambles  in  Bread- 
albane.  Fishing  Incidents  and  Adventures,  and  a  Trip  to 
Stafa  and  lona.  In  all  his  books  Mr.  Ferguson  shows  a 
keen  a]ipreciation  of  the  humorous  side  of  things,  and  writes 
in  a  style  which  is  both  interesting  and  instructive.  '  The 
author  possesses,'  says  a  writer  in  the  Celtic  MontJdy,  'not 
only  an  observant  eye  for  the  beauties  of  nature,  and  the 
ability  to  convey  his  impressions  to  his  readers,  but  he  has 
also  the  faculty  of  being  able  to  seize  and  depict  the  pecu- 
liarities of  characters  with  whom  he  comes  in  contact  in  his 
wanderings.  He  can  tell  a  capital  story,  and,  what  is  not 
common,  can  narrate  it  with  the  greatest  gusto  when  it  tells 
against  himself 

Mr.  Malcolm  Ferguson  is  a  thorough  Highlander,  and 
devoted  to  everything  Celtic.  Through  his  instrumentality 
a  donation  of  £500  was  obtained  for  the  Glasgow  Perthshire 
Charitable  Society,  from  the  estate  of  a  cousin  who  had  left 
a  considerable  sum  for  such  purposes.  The  erection  of  the 
Jubilee  Cairn  on  the  summit  of  Ben  Ledi  was  the  work  of 
this  gentleman,  and  through  his  means  a  cairn  was  erected 
some  time  before  upon  the  top  of  Ben  Lawers.  He  now 
resides  at  the  charming  village  of  Callander,  and  signified 
his  interest  in  that  place  by  recently  presenting  a  handsome 
town  clock,  which  finds  an  appropriate  home  in  the  spire  of 
the  parish  church. 

Eastwards  along  the  shores  of  Loch  Earn  to  the  village  of 
Comrie,  and  northwards  to  Killin,  many  old  families  of  the 
name  can  be  traced.     These  undoubtedly  were  closely  con- 


nectcd  with  the  Fergussons  of  Balquhidder,  as  the  old 
marriage  and  baptismal  registers  can  still  testify.  The  farm 
of  Derrie,  on  the  north  shore  of  Loch  Earn,  belonged  at  one 
time  to  a  family  of  the  name,  from  which  the  late  Rev.  John 
Fergusson  of  Monzievaird  was  descended.  Among  the  places 
identified  during  the  last  three  centuries  with  the  name  of 
Fergusson,  in  the  parish  of  Comrie,  are  the  following  : — 

Aberuchil,  Aber  ruadh  thuil,  the  confluence  of  the  red  flood. 

Ardtrostan,  the  abode  of  Drostan. 

Ardveich,  Ard  hheith,  the  height  of  the  birch. 

Auchnashealach,  AcJiadh  seileach,  the  field  of  the  willows. 

Blairchonzie,  Blar  caoin,  the  plain  of  weeping. 

CarstOAvn,  the  town  of  the  level. 

Comrie,  Comh-ruifh,  confluence. 

Cuilt,  Coillte,  the  woods. 


Dalai  ns, 

Dalchruine,  Dal  Cruinn,  the  round  haugh. 

Dalraunich,  Dal  raineach,  the  ferny  haugh. 

Derrie,  Doire,  the  oak  coppice. 

Driimchosh,  Druini  skuas  (hosh),  the  upper  ridge. 

Dundurn,  Dun  duirn  (dorn,  gen.  durn),  the  fort  of  the  fist-shaped 

Glenartney,  Gleann  ard'n  fheidh,  the  glen  of  the  heights  of  the 


Laggan,  Lag-an,  a  hollow. 
Maillor,  Meall  odhar,  the  dun  height. 
Maillermore,  the  big  dun  hill. 
Portmore,  the  big  port. 
Tullibanachar,  Tidacli  heinn  chir,  the  hillock  of  the  crested  hill. 


The  Rev.  Samuel  Fergusson,  author  of  the  Queens  Visit 
and  oilier  Poems,  was  born  at  Dalchonzie,  near  Coim-ie,  on 
the  2nd  of  January  1828.  His  father,  Duncan,  was  the  son 
of  Donald  Fergusson  of  Carnlia  on  Lochearn,  and  descended 
from  the  ancient  families  of  Ardandamh  and  Lmnervoulin  on 
Loch  Lubnaig  side  in  Balquhidder.     Early  destined  by  his 


parents  to  '  wag  his  pow  in  a  poopit,'  lie  was  educated  at  the 
University  of  St.  Andrews,  numbering  amongst  his  college 
friends  the  Rev.  Dr.  MacGregor  of  St.  Cuthbert's,  Edinburgh, 
the  Rev.  Dr.  Gray  of  Liberton,  the  Rev.  Dr.  Duke  of  St. 
Vigeans,  and  others  who  have  come  to  the  front  since  then. 
Licensed  as  a  probationer  of  the  Church  of  Scotland  by  the 
famous  Presbytery  of  Auchterarder  in  1854,  he  acted  as  assis- 
tant in  the  parish  of  Dull,  and  as  Royal  Bounty  missionary 
at  Strathloch,  in  the  parish  of  Moulin.  In  1857  he  was  pre- 
sented by  Sir  Robert  Menzies,  Bart.,  to  the  parish  of  For  tin- 
gall,  where  he  laboured  with  much  energy  and  acceptance 
until  the  year  1865,  when,  his  health  breaking  down,  he 
retired  in  favour  of  an  assistant  and  successor,  and  went  on  a 
voyage  round  the  world  in  the  hope  of  procuring  restored 
energy.  While  a  member  of  the  Presbytery  of  Weeni  he 
acted  in  the  capacity  of  clerk  to  the  Presbytery.  On  the 
voyage  home  he  was  a  passenger  in  the  ill-fated  steamship 
London,  which,  the  very  next  time  she  sailed  from  the  port 
of  London,  foundered  in  the  Bay  of  Biscay,  and  went  down 
with  two  hundred  and  twenty  souls  aboard.  The  heroic  con- 
duct of  the  captain,  crew,  and  passengers  is  commemorated 
in  one  of  his  poems.  TJie  Queens  Visit  was  jDublishcd  in 
1869,  and  on  the  evening  of  the  day  of  its  issue,  the  27th  of 
September,  its  author,  mistaking  his  way  in  the  dark  and 
boisterous  night,  walked  into  the  Tay  near  Perth  harbour, 
and  was  drowned.  He  left  behind  him  a  widow  and  live 
sons,  the  eldest  of  whom,  a  distinguished  medical  student, 
was  drowned  while  bathing  in  Loch  Voil,  Balquhidder,  in 
July  1876. 

The  Rev.  Samuel  Fergusson  was  well  knoAvn  as  a  ripe 
Celtic  scholar,  and  wrote  Gaelic  poetry  much  superior  to  his 
English  verse.  He  was  a  member  on  the  Committee  on  the 
Revision  of  the  Gaelic  Scriptures,  and  wrote  an  account  of 
Dugald  Buchanan  and  his  poetry,  which  has  never  been 
published.  Many  of  his  Gaelic  poems  were  published  separ- 
ately, but  none  of  them  in  book  form.  Shortly  before  his 
death  he  had  begun  a  History  of  Perthshire,  having  been 
advised  thereto  by  his  friend  the  late  Very  Rev.  Principal 
Tulloch  and  others.     The  historical  notes  appended  to  the 


six  cantos  of  his  principal  poem,  Tlie  Queens  Visit,  are  of 
great  valne,  and  show  accurate  scholarship  and  intimate 
acquaintance  with  the  local  history  of  the  places  brought 
under  review.  He  was  an  ardent  Highlander,  and  while  a 
student  at  St.  Andrews  conducted  a  public  class  of  Celtic 
literature,  which  was  well  attended  by  a  large  number  of  the 
students.  In  recognition  of  his  efforts  .the  Celtic  Society 
of  the  University  presented  him  with  TJte  Highland  Society 
of  ScotldMcVs  Dictionary  of  the  Gaelic  La  ngiiage,  in  two 
volumes,  a  writing-desk,  Cruden's  Concordance,  and  other 
works,  on  the  21st  March  1854. 

The  Rev.  Sanuiel  Fergusson  was  married  to  Miss  Margaret 
Anderson,  daughter  of  Henry  Anderson  of  Burnside,  Stanley, 
11th  July  1855,  and  had  issue  : — 

1.  Duncan,  born  24th  May  1856,  died  July  1876. 

2.  Henry   Anderson,   born    3rd    August    1857,   died    7th 

August  1858. 

3.  Robert  Menzies,  born  12th  April  1859. 

4.  David  Anderson,  born  20th  July  1860,  died  23rd  June 


5.  Janet  Amelia,  born  2nd  August  1862,  died  6th  Septem- 

ber 1864. 

6.  Henry  Charles,  born  10th  March  1864,  M.R.C.V.S.,  1884. 

7.  Samuel,  born  27th  October  1865  ;  graduated,  Edin.  M.B., 

CM.,  July  1889. 

8.  Donald,  born  22nd  March  1870 ;  graduated,  Edin.  M.A., 

1891 ;  licensed  Preacher  of  the  Gospel,  May  1894. 
The  Rev.  R.  Menzies  Fergusson,  graduated  (Edin.)  M.A. 
1881,  licensed  May  1884,  ordained  at  Logic  2nd  April  1885, 
married   Isabella    Fergusson,   daughter    of    John    Haggart, 
Stanley,  13th  January  1886. 


Mr.  Robert  Fergusson,  Douglas  Street,  Stirling,  the  Avell- 
known  poet  and  patriot,  died  on  Sunday  morning,  10th  Feb- 
ruary 1895,  after  a  sharp  attack  of  pleurisy,  at  the  age  of 
seventy-six.  Mr.  Fergusson  came  to  Stirling  in  the  early 
'  Forties,'  and  laboured  at  his  profession  as  a  teacher  with 


much  success,  several  prominent  public  men  in  Stirling  at 
the  present  day  having  been  his  pupils. 

The  following  sketch  of  his  life,  from  the  pen  of  the  Rev. 
R.  Menzies  Fergusson,  M.A.,  of  Logie,  appeared  in  the  Celtic 
Monildy  for  November  1893: — 

'Robert  Fergusson,  now  of  Stirling,  was  born  in  LSI 9,  at 
East  Stronvar,  Balquhidder.  He  is  what  would  be  considered 
an  old  man ;  yet  though  his  locks  are  white  his  heart  is 
young,  and  his  nature  buoyant  and  simple  as  that  of  a  youth. 
Age  cannot  wither  nor  custom  stale  the  infinite  variety  of  his 
ways  for  promoting  things  Highland.  A  poet,  he  loves  the 
music  of  the  Gael,  and  learned  early  to  sympathise  with 
nature,  as  he  roamed  amid  the  hills  and  beside  the  mountain 
torrents  of  his  native  glen.  The  parish  school — at  that  time 
close  to  the  churchyard — received  him  as  a  faithful  scholar, 
quick  to  learn,  and  well  acquainted  with  the  Gaelic  tongue, 
which  was  taught  him  by  his  father.  In  the  competition  in 
that  language  in  1884  he  gained  the  first  prize.  His  educa- 
tion Avas  continued  in  Stirling,  the  grey  "  City  of  the  Rock," 
and  in  1856-7-8  he  passed  through  the  Free  Church  Training 
College  in  Edinburgh.  His  profession  of  a  schoolmaster  was, 
however,  begun  at  Dalveich,  Lochearnside,  in  1836,  where  Mr. 
Fergusson  had  the  honour  of  having  two  future  poets  as  his 
pupils— the  late  Rev.  Samuel  Fergusson  of  Fortingall,  author 
of  The  Queens  Visit  and  other  Poems,  and  Mr.  Donald 
M'Laren,  Ardveich,  whose  songs  and  poems  are  all  in  Gaelic. 
For  some  time  Mr.  Fergusson  taught  the  school  of  Strathyrc, 
hallowed  with  memories  of  Dugald  Buchanan,  the  Cowper  of 
the  Highlands,  whose  Spiritual  Songs  are  w^ell  known  to  all 
lovers  of  Gaelic  poetry,  and  in  whoso  memory  the  subject  of 
our  sketch  Avas  instrumental  in  raising  a  memorial  fountain, 
which  has  its  site  near  to  the  railway  station.  From  1842  to 
1846  he  was  a  teacher  in  Stirling,  and  in  the  neighbourhood 
of  Dunfermline  from  1846  to  1856,  where  his  love  for  song 
and  poetry  was  greatly  fostered  through  intercourse  with 
D.  K.  Coutts,  his  then  school  assistant,  and  afterwards  master 
of  Dr.  Bell's  School,  Leith.  In  this  school  he  was  again 
favoured  with  another  poet  in  one  of  his  pupils — Mr,  J. 
Millar,  now  of  London,  author  of  Zigzag  and  3f]/  Laivyer, 


etc.  From  1858  to  1868  Mr.  Fergusson  acted  as  a  teacher  in 
a  mission  school  connected  with  the  Free  Church,  near  For- 
doiin  Station.  During  this  time  he  occasionally  acted  as 
local  preacher,  and  oflficiated  in  almost  all  the  Free  Church 
pulpits  within  the  Presbytery.  The  close  of  Mr.  Fergusson's 
active  career  as  a  schoolmaster  was  spent  in  the  little  village 
of  Raploch,  which  nestles  under  the  steep  grey  crags  of  Stir- 
ling Castle.  He  has  now  retired,  and  having  celebrated  his 
jubilee,  is  well  entitled  to  do  so.  His  time  is  chiefly  occu- 
pied in  doing  what  he  can  to  further  the  cause  of  Celtic 
literature  and  the  continuation  of  the  Gaelic  language.  As 
an  ox-president  of  the  Stirling  Highlanders'  Society,  he  has 
no  small  influence  in  fostering  Celtic  sentiment,  and  the  Clan 
Fergusson  Society  has  in  him  one  of  its  original  promoters. 
"  His  poetical  productions,"  says  Mr.  Edwards,  in  his  Modern 
Scottish  Poets,  "  possess  a  remarkable  roundness  and  com- 
pleteness of  thought,  and  while  graceful  in  their  simplicity, 
and  set  in  smooth  and  musical  words,  they  ever  manifest 
buoyancy  and  spontaneity  of  flow,  and  occasionally  quiet 
pathos."  ' 

Mr.  Fergusson  was  interred  amongst  kindred  dust  in  the 
picturesque  churchyard  of  Balquhidder,  where  representatives 
of  all  classes  paid  their  last  tokens  of  respect  to  one  who  was 
widely  known  and  sincerely  loved  for  his  genial  character, 
patriotic  sentiments,  and  truly  Christian  spirit. 


For  many  centuries  representatives  of  the  name  and  clan 
have  found  a  home  in  the  county  of  Argyll.  Very  probably 
the  early  progenitors  of  the  present  race  first  crossed  the 
West  Highlands  on  their  way  from  the  north  of  Ireland, 
whence  the  old  Scots  came,  and  some  of  them  settled  there. 
It  is  no  easy  matter  to  trace  their  early  history.  In  the  Cowal 
district  there  were  many  old  families  of  the  name,  and  in  the 
churchyard  of  Strachur  is  to  be  found  a  little  tombstone,  on 
the  back  of  which  is  cut  in  relief  a  well-executed  representa- 
tion of '  the  arms  of  the  Hon.  Fergussons  of  Kilcarran.'  The 
stone  bears  the  date  1774,  and  is  in  good  preservation.     The 


arms,  crest,  and  motto,  as  there  represented,  are  the  same  as 
those  of  Sir  James  Fergusson,  Bart.,  of  Kilkcrran,  Ayrshire. 
In  all  likelihood  the  original  Fergussons  of  Kilkerran  came 
from  Argyllshire,  as  the  name  of  their  Ayrshire  estate  is  the 
Gaelic  form  of  Campbeltown.  St.  Ciaran,  one  of  the  '  Twelve 
Apostles  of  Ireland,'  landed  in  the  sixth  century  at  Dalrua- 
dhain,  and  spent  much  time  in  a  cave,  still  known  as  Cove-a- 
Cliiaran.  After  this  the  name  of  the  place  was  changed  to 
CJdlle-a-cJiiaran,  or,  in  modernised  form,  Kilkerran.  It  passed 
into  the  possession  of  the  MacDonalds,  who  called  the  town 
KinlocJikerran,  and  latterly  of  the  Campbells,  by  whom  the 
present  name  of  Campbeltown  was  bestowed. 



The  name,  thoiigli  not  numerous  in  tlie  county,  has  long  been 
rooted  in  Aberdeenshire.  Tradition  carries  back  the  connec- 
tion of  the  family  now  represented  by  the  Fergusons  of  Kin- 
mundy  and  Pitfour  with  Inverurie  to  the  time  of  King  Robert 
the  Bruce.  His  son,  King  David,  confirmed  a  charter  of  the 
lands  of  Auchtererne,  in  Cromar,  granted  by  Thomas,  Earl  of 
Mar,  in  1364,  ' Egoni  filio  Fergusii,'  who  with  his  descen- 
dants, according  to  Dr.  Joseph  Robertson,  '  possessed  the 
estate  of  Auchtererne  (Watererne)  in  Cromar,  from  the  reign 
of  David  ii.  to  that  of  James  v.,  when  it  would  seem  they 
(as  proprietors)  became  extinct.'  The  estate  was  in  1506-7 
apparently  divided  between  the  husbands  of  the  last  owner's 
daughters,  but  a  tradition,  preserved  in  a  little  volume 
entitled  Deeside  Tales,  published  in  1872,  '  has  it  that  the 
last  proprietor  was  the  father  (?)  of  the  Rev.  Mr.  Fergusson 
of  Crathie,'  who  was  minister  of  that  parish  in  the  earlier 
half  of  the  seventeenth  century,  and  whose  daughter,  Agnes 
Fergusson,  married  James  Farquh  arson  of  Inverey,  and 
became  the  ancestress  of  the  Farquharsons  of  Auchindryne 
and  TuUochcoy.  It  has  also  been  suggested  that  this  Rev. 
Mr.  Fergusson  was  an  ancestor  of  Robert  Fergusson  the  jjoet, 
but  there  appears  to  be  no  possibility  of  definitely  establishing 
this.  The  poet  was  the  son  of  a  William  Fergusson,  book- 
keeper in  Edinburgh,  to  which  city  he  had  emigrated  about 
the  year  1746  from  Aberdeen,  having  removed  to  Aberdeen 
from  Cromar,  which  was  his  native  place,  in  that  or  the 
previous  year.  The  poet's  mother  Avas  Elizabeth,  daughter 
of  John  Forbes,  tacksman  of  Templeton,  Hillockhead,  and 


Wellhead,  a  cadet  of  the  family  of  Tolquhon,  and  as  a  boy  he 
was  frequently  told  by  his  parents  that  his  great-grandfather 
by  the  father's  side  had  been  a  clergyman  of  the  Church  of 
Scotland.  It  is  thus  not  improbable  that  he  was  a  descendant 
of  the  earlier  Fergusson,  minister  of  Crathie. 

In  1700  Mr.  Adam  Fergusson,  afterwards  of  Logierait,  was 
settled  at  Crathie,  where  he  remained  to  1714,  and  the  memory 
of  his  friendship  with  the  Laird  of  Invercauld  is  preserved  in 
a  bursary  which  has  long  '  afforded  much  valuable  assistance, 
both  in  maintenance  and  education,  to  deserving  lads  of  the 
name  of  Farquharson,  Ferguson,  or  M'Donald.' 

In  the  latter  half  of  the  seventeenth  century  a  John 
Ferguson  was  minister  of  Glenmuick,  Glengairn,  and  Tullich. 
He  left  descendants,  a  notice  of  whom  Avill  be  found  in  the 
following  pages.^ 

The  Records  of  Aberdeen  contain  references  to  a  burgess 
family  or  families  of  the  name,  one  of  whom  purchased  in 
1600  the  lands  of  Kirkhill,  in  the  northern  part  of  Kin- 

James  Ferguson,  the  famous  astronomer,  was  the  son  of  a 
cottar  near  Keith,  in  Banffshire ;  and  Donald  Ferguson,  a 
famous  piper  from  Corgarff,  in  Mar,  was  a  cheerful  volunteer 
in  the  Jacobite  army  in  1745.  When  a  party  of  the  Govern- 
ment troops  were  made  prisoners  at  Keith,  Donald  was 
thrown  in  the  skirmish  off  the  bridge  into  the  Isla,  but  kept 
blowing  with  vigour,  and  his  inflated  bag  sustained  him  till 
he  was  rescued.  He  used  afterwards  to  say  that  so  long  as 
he  could  blow  up  his  muckle  pipes  he  should  neither  die  nor 


The  most  widely  spread  family  of  the  name  in  Aberdeen- 
shire was  the  one  which  is  first  to  be  traced  in  the  Garioch, 
and  of  which  the  surviving  branches  are  still  located  in 
Buchan.  It  is  in  the  middle  of  the  seventeenth  century  that 
the  family  of  Badifurrow,  from  which  came  those  of  Pitfour, 

1  See  pp.  292-94. 


Kinmimdy,  and  others,  is  first  recorded  as  acquiring  landed 
estates  of  substantial  extent,  and  its  members  can  be  indi- 
vidually identified.  But  tradition,  confidently  held  in  various 
branches  of  the  family,  and  supported  by  the  public  records 
of  the  Royal  Burgh  of  Inverurie,  asserts  that  they  had  con- 
tinuously possessed  a  considerable  and  apparently  the  largest 
holding  of  land  within  the  limits  of  that  burgh  for  a  previous 
period  of  time  which  runs  back  to  the  era  of  the  War  of 
Independence,  and  associates  this  Aberdeenshire  family,  who 
at  one  time  used  the  names  Fergus  or  Ferguson  indiscrimi- 
nately, with  the  fortunes  of  King  Robert  i.,  as  similar 
traditions  do  other  Fergusons  in  the  centre  and  south 
of  Scotland.  In  the  eighteenth  century  the  descendants  of 
William  Ferguson  of  Badifurrow,  who  was  member  for 
Inverurie  in  the  Scottish  Restoration  Parliament,  were 
numerous  in  seven  different  lines.  All  these  lines,  except 
two  (Kinmundy  and  Pitfour),  are  now  believed  to  be  extinct 
in  ■  the  male  line,  though  male  descendants  of  his  youngest 
son,  Walter,  may  still  exist  in  Poland  and  in  Ireland.  Mr. 
George  Ferguson,  Lumphart,  and  the  Rev.  John  Ferguson, 
Dean  of  Moray,  are  also  understood  to  be  descendants  of  the 
Inverurie  family,  though  apparently  not  of  the  Laird  of  Badi- 
furrow who  sat  in  the  Restoration  Parliament. 

The  MS.  account  of  these  families,  which  forms  the  back- 
bone of  the  following  notes,  is  printed  from  a  MS.  in  the 
possession  of  William  Ferguson,  Esq.  of  Kinmundy.  It  is 
attributed  to  Thomas  Ferguson,  W.S.  (1768-1828),  second  son 
of  James  Ferguson  of  Kinmundy  and  Elizabeth  Urquhart, 
and  from  internal  evidence  must  have  been  written  about  the 
year  1820.  There  is  at  Kinmundy  another  copy  of  the  same 
narrative  in  the  hand  of  Thomas  Ferguson's  son,  James 
Ferguson  (Aberdeen,  now  represented  by  his  son,  James 
William  Ferguson,  3rd  Dragoon  Guards),  which  contains  a 
little  additional  information  of  later  date.  There  is  also  at 
Kinmundy  another  ms.  of  a  similar  character,  which,  though 
in  many  respects  imperfect  as  compared  with  the  ms.  of 
1820,  of  which  it  forms  the  basis,  affords  a  little  information 
not  embodied  in  it.  It  is  clearly  of  much  earlier  date,  and 
appears  to   have   been  written   about  1760.     A  fourth  ms.. 

II  4]   l> 

tl  2) 

(I  6) 


substantially  the  same  as  that  of  1820  with  the  later  addi- 
tions, though  occasionally  differing  in  verbal  expression,  is  in 
the  possession  of  the  Reverend  Canon  Bruce,  Duniinarle, 
Culross,  great-grandson  of  Captain  William  Ferguson,  R.N., 
grandson  of  Janet,  daughter  of  William  Ferofuson  of  Badi- 
furrow.  Other  copies  substantially  the  same  are  also  in 
existence.  The  Kinmundy  ms.  of  1820  has  been  collated  with 
the  others,  and  where  they  afford  additional  information 
of  interest  it  has  been  inserted  in  (  )  parentheses.  Explana- 
tory and  additional  information  from  other  sources  has  been 
denoted  by  [  ]  brackets.  It  is  believed  that  fuller  information 
as  to  the  earlier  history  of  the  family  would  have  been  avail- 
able if  the  house  of  Kinmundy  had  not  been  plundered  in 
1745,  and  if  the  Pitfour  papers  had  not  been  destroyed  by 
fire  in  1820,  when  a  large  number  of  valuable  Mss.  perished. 
In  the  old  churchyard  of  St.  Polnar'si  Chapel,  on  the 
banks  of  the  Don  above  Inverurie,  and  below  Badifurrow,  are 
three  or  four  stones  with  letters  and  dates  supposed  to  record 
members  of  the  Ferguson  family  : — 

AV.F        :       AF  1662       :       E.F.  1662  P.F.  1666 


The  old  church  of  Deer,  one  of  the  oldest  ecclesiastical 
ruins  in  the  north,  has  since  early  in  last  century  been  a 
place  of  sepulture  for  the  Fergusons  of  Pitfour  and  Kin- 
mundy who  succeeded  the  Keiths  (Earls  Marischal),  whose 
'  isle '  it  had  previously  been.  The  remains  of  the  church 
itself,  with  the  niche  for  the  holy  water,  the  piscina,  and  the 
niche  for  the  sacred  elements  still  in  perfect  preservation  in 
the  grey  granite,  form  the  Kinmundy  burying-place,  that 
family  having  been  the  owners  of  the  land  on  which  the 
kirk  and  village  are  built  when  they  first  had  occasion  to 
use  it.  Outside,  on  the  north,  is  a  stone  let  into  the 
wall  with  the  Keith  coronet  and  arms,  and  the  words, 
'  Georgius  Comes  Mariscallus  Dominus  Keitheus  Altreus 
et  Patronus.'  On  the  south  side  is  a  granite  stone  with  the 
Ferguson  of  Kinmundy  arms  impaling  those  of  Deans, 
which  must  date  prior  to  1751.     There  has  recently  been 

^  i.e.  St.  Apollinaris. 


placed  inside,  against  a  bare  piece  of  wall,  a  grey  granite  slab 
with  the  family  arms  and  the  inscription  :■ — 


Major-General  JAMES  FERGUSON 
OF  Balmakelly 


D.  1705.     B.  IN  ST.  John's  cathedral,  bois-le-duc 


JAMES  FERGUSON  of  Balmakelly  and  Kinmundy 



JAMES  FERGUSON  of  Kinmundy 


JAMES  FERGUSON  of  Kinmundy 



JAMES  FERGUSON  of  Kinmundy 


JAMES  FERGUSON,  Yr.  of  Kinmundy 

AND    OF 

others  of  their  family  "who  rest  here. 

Erected  by  William  Ferguson  of  Kinmundy 


In  what  appears  to  be  a  later  annexe  built  on  to  the  remains 
of  the  church,  is  a  little  enclosure  with  an  iron  railing,  and 
the  date  1781,  in  which  are  stones  with  inscriptions  to  the 
memory  of  James  Ferguson,  first  Laird  of  Pitfour,  and  his 
wife,  Ann  Stuart  of  Crichie.  Lord  Pitfour  and  his  sons  were 
buried  in  a  family  vault  in  the  Greyfriars  Churchyard,  Edin- 
burgh, which  bears  the  inscription,  '  Jacobus  Ferguson  de 
Pitfour  sibi,  conjugi,  poster isque  fecit,  a.d.  1775.'  Admiral 
Ferguson  erected  a  mausoleum  amid  the  ruins  of  the  Abbey 
of  Deer,  Avithin  the  grounds  of  Pitfour.  Tradition  records 
that  when  the  first  stone  church  was  being  built  in  Deer 


to  succeed  tlie  less  solid  erections  of  St.  Columba  and  St. 
Drostan,  another  site  was  chosen,  but  the  builders  each 
morning  found  their  previous  day's  work  undone,  till  at  last 
a  sujDernatural  voice  was  heard  to  repeat — 

'  It  is  not  here,  it  is  not  here 

That  ye  sail  big  the  kirk  o'  Deer, 
But  on  Tap  Tillerie, 

Where  mony  a  corp  sail  eftir  lye.' 


Tlie  Kinmimdy  MS.  (rollafed  with  others). 

The  origin  of  the  Fergusons  of  Inverury  is  now  altogether 
unknown,  though  it  appears  by  the  public  records  they  had 
been  the  principal  people  in  that  town  and  neighbourhood 
for  several  hundred  years.  Their  name  was  not  originally 
Ferguson,  but  Fergus,  and  continued  so  till  about  a  century 
and  a  half  ago,  when  they  adopted  the  name  of  Ferguson, 
from  an  opinion,  perhaps,  that  it  was  more  significant. 

The  first  of  the  name  now  remembered,  or  whose  descen- 
dants can  be  traced,  was  one 

I.  William  Fergus  or  Ferguson,  who  lived  at  Crichie,  near 

[Sources  of  information  not  accessible  to  the  writer  of  the 
MS.  indicate  that  this  William  Ferguson  was  the  son  and 
heir  of  another  of  the  same  name.  In  his  MemoriaUs  of  the 
Trilbies,  Spalding  records  that  when  the  Marquis  of  Huntly 
mustered  the  northern  cavaliers  and  hoisted  the  Royal  Stan- 
dard at  Inverurie,  on  11th  April  1644,  he  stayed  '  in  umquhil 
William  Fergus  his  hous.'  A  week  later  he  was  there  again 
staying  in  Bailie  William  Ferguson's  house.  In  1619  William 
Ferguson  had  been  censured  for  adding  to  and  building  out 
his  house  '  farder  nor  the  rest  of  the  toune,  contrar  to  the  law  of 
burrows,  and  lykewise  for  disobeying  of  the  bailzies  command, 
being  inhibit.'  On  6th  June  1608  '  Wm.  Fergus,  ane  horseman 
sufficientlie  in  arms  conform  to  the  proclamation,'  was  one  of 
the  few  mounted  men  present  at  a  wapinschaw,  and  the  name 
occurs  throughout  the  early  Records  of  Inverurie.  Many  years 
afterwards,  upon  the  occasion  of  a  visit  to  Edinburgh  of  a 


descendant  in  the  third  generation  of  a  grandson  of  William 
Ferguson  who  had  settled  in  Poland,  a  curious  document  was 
prepared  by  James  Gumming,  a  member  of  the  Society  of 
Antiquaries,  and  an  official  in  the  Lyon  Office,  which  bore  to 
be  founded  upon  '  certain  undoubted  and  assured  writings 
and  instruments.'  It  exhibits  a  curious  mixture  of  correct 
statement  and  error  as  regarded  later  generations,  but  con- 
tains the  following  passage  : — 

'  That  a  very  ancient  Family  name  among  the  Scots  from 
Fergus,  and  which  it  was  the  custom  anciently  to  write 
Fergus,  was  leno-thened  about  the  besrinnino-  of  the  former 
age  into  Ferguson.  By  the  same  documents  it  appears  that 
there  was  a  very  noble  chief  of  this  name  of  a  family  in 
the  northern  part  of  the  Barony  of  Crichie  in  Aberdeenshire, 
which  Walter  of  Crichie  received  hospitably  in  his  own  house 
the  great  avenger  of  his  country,  King  Robert  Bruce,  setting 
out  into  that  part  of  the  kingdom  to  curb  the  rebels,  and 
with  his  three  sons  and  dependants  in  the  memorable  battle 
of  Inverurie  in  the  year  1308  afforded  ready  and  manly  aid :  on 
account  of  which  distinguished  assistance  King  Robert  gave 
him  ample  possessions  of  the  adjacent  lands  of  Inverurie  : 
which  lands  have  hitherto  been  perpetual,  and  are  now  also 
held  by  the  chief.  From  the  above-mentioned  Walter,  baron 
of  Crichie,  by  eight  paternal  descents,  was  sprung  the  noble 
William  Ferguson,  himself  also  a  baron  of  Crichie,  who 
flourished  with  military  reputation  in  the  seventeenth  century, 
nor  with  less  devotion  toward  the  King,  as  Colonel  of  a 
squadron  of  horse,  did  he  stand  in  battle  for  King  Charles  i. 
against  the  impious  and  rebellious  citizens  in  1648.'  The 
statement  is  clearly  embellished,  and  there  is  evident  exag- 
geration in  the  reputation  attributed  to  the  William  Ferguson 
who  lived  'in  Crichie 'in  1645  and  1655,  became  Laird  of 
Badifurrow  in  the  latter  year,  and  was  also  the  owner  of  a 
house  and  considerable  holding  of  land  within  the  extensive 
limits  of  the  Royal  Burgh  of  Inverurie,  which  according  to 
family  tradition — uncontradicted,  and  largely  corroborated  by 
the  local  records — had  then  been  in  the  possession  of  his 
family  for  over  three  hundred  years.  But  as  he  had  received 
Lord  Huntly  in  1644,  and  there  is  a  tradition  that  he  also 


acted  as  host  to  the  Marquis  of  Montrose,  it  is  very  pro- 
bable that  he  was  engaged  on  the  Cavaher  side  in  the  Civil 
War.  He  is  found  at  the  Restoration  the  representative  of 
Inverurie  in  the  Scottish  Parliament,  signing  as  such  an 
address  to  King  Charles  ii.,  and  is  recorded  as  one  of  those 
who  took  part  in  the  ceremony  when  the  remains  of  the 
Marquis  of  Montrose  and  Sir  Wm.  Hay  of  Dalgety  were 
exhumed  and  re-buried  in  the  Church  of  St.  Giles.  There  is 
a  tradition  that  one  of  the  family  had  fought  at  Harlaw  in 
1411,  and  it  is  undoubtedly  the  fact  that  immediately  before 
the  battle  of  Inverury  King  Robert  was  lying  sick  at  Crichie, 
where  his  camp  is  pointed  out,  or  on  the  haugh  of  Ardtannies 
immediately  adjacent  thereto,  among  the  vassals  and  followers 
resident  on  his  own  Garioch  estates. 

On  12th  April  1655  a  charter  was  granted  to  William  Fer- 
guson in  Crichie  of  the  town  and.  lands  of  Badifurro,  with  the 
manor-place,  etc.,  the  salmon-fishing  in  the  water  of  Don,  and 
the  lands  of  Woodhill,  both  sunny  and  shadow.  The  fee  of 
this  estate  at  all  events  he  very  soon  settled  upon  his  second 
son,  William.  William  Ferguson,  the  M.P.  of  1661  and  1663, 
seems  to  have  survived  till  1699,  when  his  grandson,  James, 
obtained  letters  charcjinQ'  his  uncle,  Robert,  to  enter  heir  to 
his  deceased  father.  He  had  three  brothers,  Robert,  John, 
who  lived  for  some  time  at  Stonehaven  and  afterwards  settled 
in  Poland,  and  James,  wdio  Avas  a  notary,  and  Town  Clerk  of 
Inverurie  from  16-45  to  1673.] 

He  [i.e.  William  Ferguson,  proceeds  the  Ms.]  was  married 
to  Janet  Black  (Clerk),  by  Avhom  he  had  six  sons — 

II.  Robert,  Williarii,  James,  George,  John,  and  Walter,  and 
one  daughter,  Janet.  From  these  seven  proceed  a  numerous 
race  of  Fergusons,  of  whom  we  shall  now  endeavour  to  give 
some  account,  placing  conspicuously  and  beginning  with 

I.  Robert,  the  eldest  son.  He,  after  receiving  a  liberal  edu- 
cation, went  to  England,  and  about  the  Restoration  was  created 
a  Bishop.  By  his  intermeddling  with  public  affairs  and  acting 
under  the  cloud,  he  got  the  appellation  of  Robert  the  Plotter. 
He  was  married  in  England,  and  had  two  daughters,  but  it  is  un- 
certain to  whom  he  was  married  or  what  became  of  his  issue. 


[The  MS.  is  of  course  erroneous  in  making  the  Plotter  a 
]3ishop.  At  the  Restoration  he  held  the  living  of  Godmars- 
ham  in  Kent,  and  perhaps  the  imaginary  mitre  is  to  be 
accounted  for  by  a  story  that  if  the  Duke  of  Monmouth  had 
become  king,  he  was  to  have  been  Archbishop  of  Canter- 
bury. He  was  the  author  of  three  able  theological  works,  was 
for  some  time  assistant  to  Dr.  John  Owen,  the  famous  Non- 
conformist divine,  and  was  the  intimate  associate  of  '  the 
false  Ahitophel ' ;  indeed,  '  Shaftesbury  died  in  Ferguson's 
arms  in  Holland.'  One  of  the  most  prolific  and  vigorous 
political  writers  of  his  time,  he  was  the  author  of  ^several 
pamphlets  that  actively  affected  events,  and  of  two  that  rank 
in  the  forefront  of  political  writing  in  their  influence  on  the 
making  of  history,  for  one  launched  the  Duke  of  Monmouth's 
claim  to  the  inheritance  of  the  Crown,  and  the  other  em- 
broiled Dutch  William  and  the  Scots  Estates.  The  discovery 
of  his  own  Record  '  concerning  the  Rye  Plot '  among  the 
State  papers  has  solved  some  mysteries,  and  established  that 
his  management  of  the  nine  ruthless  spirits  saved  the  Whig 
party  from  the  stain  of  a  great  crime.  He  was  the  closest 
adviser  of  the  unfortunate  'Protestant  Duke,'  and  the  draughts- 
man of  his  '  Declaration.'  Returning  from  exile  with  William 
of  Orange,  he  soon  became  dissatisfied  with  the  results  of  the 
'  glorious  revolution,'  and  his  later  years  were  passed  as  a 
High  Churchman  and  Jacobite,  in  confidential  correspondence 
with  the  exiled  monarch  at  St.  Germain,  and  gifted  with  a 
special  faculty  for  showing  up  Whig  ministers  for  the  despotic 
abuse  of  power.  In  the  quaint  words  of  a  contemporary — 
'  He  was  commonly  reckoned  a  man  by  himself,  and  of  as  odd 
a  make  and  mixture  as  this  age  has  produced.  A  true  history 
of  his  life  would  have  disclosed  a  great  many  secrets.  For  a 
full  account  of  the  extraordinary  career  of  '  the  Judas  of 
Dryden's  great  satire,'  with  its  hairbreadth  escapes,  its  untir- 
ing energy,  misdirected  enthusiasm,  and  flashes  of  Aberdonian 
wit,  reference  must  be  made  to  his  biography,  Robert  Fergu- 
son the  Plotter,  or  the  Secret  of  tlie  Ryehouse  Conspiracy  and 
the  Story  of  a  Strange  Career,  published  by  D.  Douglas, 
Edinburgh,  1887.] 




II.  Williain,  the  second  son,  after  Robert's  departure  be- 
coming as  it  were  the  heir,  his  lather  purchased  for  him  the 
estate  of  Badiefurrow,  a  few  miles  distant  from  Invernry.  He 
was  twice  married.  First  to  Jean  Elphingston,  sister  to  Sir 
James  Elphingston  of  Logie,  by  whom  he  had  one  son,  Jcmies. 
In  his  second  marriage,  with  Lncretia  Burnett,  he  had  three 
sons,  who  all  Avent  abroad. 

[The  '  List  of  Pollable  Persons  in  the  Shire  of  Aberdeen ' 
notes  as  livinof  at  Badifurrow  in  1696,  Lucrece  Burnett,  relict 
of  the  deceased  William  Ferguson  of  Badifurrow,  and  her 
children,  Patrick,  Walter,  and  Mary,  the  '  heritor '  of  Badi- 
furrow being  then  '  out  of  the  kingdom.'  He  died  after  4th 
March  1694,  the  date  of  a  Great  Seal  charter  in  favour  of 
William  Ferguson  of  Badifurrow  in  liferent,  and  his  son  Mr. 
James  Ferguson  in  fee.] 

III.  James,  his  son  by  the  first  marriage,  being  bred  to  the 
law,  commenced  Advocate  before  the  Court  of  Session.  He 
sold  the  estate  of  Badifurrow  and  purchased  that  of  Pitfour  in 


Buchan.  [The  estate  of  Pitfour  appears  originally  to  have 
consisted  of  '  the  lands  and  barony  of  Toux  and  Pitfour,  com- 
prehending the  lands  connnonly  called  Toux  and  Pitfour, 
Mill  of  Leggat,  mill  lands,  astrict  multures  and  sequels  .  .  . 
Cairn-orchies,  Drumies,  Braikieshill,  Dumbmill,  Teitswell, 
Gachinwivis,  with  the  manor  place  of  Pitfour,  the  whole  houses 
and  pertinents  lying  in  the  parish  of  Deer  and  shire  of  Aber- 
deen, united  and  incorporated  into  one  barony  called  the 
barony  of  Pitfour  .  .  .  which  lands  and  barony  of  Pitfour 
are  held  of  the  King  in  fee  and  heritage  perpetually  '  (descrip- 
tion in  service  of  1700,  shortly  prior  to  the  purchase  by  James 
Ferguson  of  Badifurrow).  To  these  lands  were  subsequently 
added  the  Earl  Marischal's  estates  of  Inverugie,  etc.,  in  the 
parish  of  St.  Fergus,  extensive  lands  in  Longside,  and  the 
lands  of  Bruxie  and  others  in  Old  Deer.  The  lands  in  Old 
Deer  and  Longside  south  of  the  river  Ugie  were  afterwards 
sold  by  Admiral  Ferguson.]  He  was  married  to  one  of  the 
family  of  Stuart  [i.e.  Anne,  sister  of  Captain  Stuart  of  Crichie 
in  Buchan],  and  had  a  son,  James,  and  a  daughter,  Elizabeth. 
She  died  unmarried  [on  20th  March  1781,  at  the  age  of  83. 
James  Ferguson  was  appointed  Sheriff-Depute  of  Aberdeen- 
shire in  1710,  and  died  when  on  a  visit  to  Slains  Castle  on 
New  Year's  Day  1734.  Ramsay  of  Ochtertyre  has  this  allusion 
to  him  :  '  He  purchased  at  different  times  the  estate  of  Pitfour. 
He  was  a  man  much  respected  in  that  country  for  his  public 
spirit  and  worth.  But  having  been  an  adventurer  in  the 
South  Sea,  he  would  have  been  a  ruined  man  had  it  not  been 
for  his  son's  exertions.'] 

IV.  James  [Lord  Pitfour]  was  bred  to  his  father's  business, 
which  he  pursued  with  the  highest  character.  He  was  one 
of  the  Senators  of  the  College  of  Justice  and  Lords  Commis- 
sioners of  Justiciary  in  Scotland.  He  was  married  to  Anne 
Murray,  daughter  of  Alexander  Murray,  Lord  Elibank,  and  had 
three  sons,  James,  Peter,  and  George,  and  three  daughters. 

[Lord  Pitfour  was  born  in  1700,  became  Dean  of  Faculty 
in  1760,  was  raised  to  the  Bench  in  1764,  and  died  on  25th 
June  1777.  His  wife  died  on  2nd  January  1793.  He  was 
counsel  for  the  Jacobites  at  Carlisle  in  1746,  where  he  and 


Lockhart  found  the  English  juries  ready  to  hang  any  man 
who  wore  the  tartan.  It  is  said  that  the  advocates  resorted 
to  a  novel  device,  had  their  servant  dressed  in  Highland 
garb,  managed  to  slip  him  in  with  the  next  batch  of  prisoners, 
and  then,  by  putting  each  other  into  the  box,  proved  conclu- 
sively that  he  had  been  with  them  throughout  the  I'ising  and 
could  not  possibly  have  been  out.  The  incident  is  said  to 
have  had  a  most  salutary  effect  in  the  trials  Avhicli  followed. 


Lord  Pitfour  combined  sound  legal  ability  and  high  character 
with  much  dry  humour.  Ramsay  records  that  before  he 
received  his  gown  '  all  men  wondered  that  he  had  not  been 
made  a  judge,  for  in  his  hands  it  was  said  men's  lives  and 
properties  would  be  safe.' 

Two  characteristic  observations  of  his  upon  a  bad  decision 
and  a  doubtful  doctrine  have  been  recorded.     '  This  case,' 


runs  a  note  by  him,  '  was  not  fully  pleaded  at  first,  and  some 
judges  are  like  the  old  Bishop,  who  having  begun  to  eat 
the  asparagus  at  the  wrong  end,  did  not  choose  to  alter.' 
'Nervate  terininos  qiios  patres  vestri  posuere  is  Lord  Pit- 
four's  answer  to  doubts  suggested  on  the  point.'  Lord 
Hailes,  after  reporting  Pitfour's  statement  as  to  a  certain 
case,  '  Erskine  had  a  feeble  antagonist  in  myself  and  yet  was 
unsuccessful,'  adds,  '  This  affected  modesty  is  disgusting,  for 
every  one  knows  that  Lord  Pitfour  is  a  great  lawyer,  and  that 
he  is  zealous  beyond  measure  in  support  of  his  own  opinions.' 
In  an  important  case  in  which  the  authority  of  their  opinions 
was  appealed  to,  Lord  President  Blair  referred  to  Pitfour  and 
Lockhart  as  '  two  of  the  greatest  lawyers  that  ever  did  honour 
to  this  Court,  men  who  stood  long  unrivalled  at  the  head  of 
the  bar,  and  whose  character  was  equal  to  their  legal  know- 

Pitfour  always  wore  his  hat  on  the  bench  on  account  of 
weak  eyesight,  and  the  Court  of  Session  Garland  pictures 
him  as  citing  cases  in  illustration 

;  '  With  a  wink  and  his  hat  all  agee.' 

He  is  said  to  have  owed  his  judgeship  to  the  '  astute  manage- 
ment' of  Lord  Mansfield  in  spite  of  Jacobite  proclivities. 
'  The  king  asked  whether  he  was  not  objectionable  on  political 
grounds,  and  Lord  Mansfield  in  reply  said,  in  a  matter  of 
course  way,  that  the  Duke  of  Argyll,  Avho  was  present,  vv'ould 
vouch  for  Mr.  Ferguson's  loyalty.  The  Whig  Duke,  deprived 
perchance  of  presence  of  mind  by  the  unexpected  appeal, 
merely  bowed.' 

'James  Ferguson,  afterwards  Lord  Pitfour,'  writes  Ramsay 
of  Ochtertyre,  'was  one  of  the  greatest  and  most  popular 
lawyers  of  that  period,  and  also  a  man  of  probity  and  amiable 
disposition.  .  .  .  Though  his  small  shrill  voice  and  awkward 
person  prevented  him  from  being  an  elegant  speaker,  yet  so 
deeply  learned  was  he  in  the  philosophy  of  the  law,  and  so 
well  acquainted  with  the  springs  that  actuate  the  human 
heart,  that  few  barristers  were  heard  with  more  satisfaction. 
His  metaphysical  turn  combined  with  common  sense  enabled 
him  to  set  every  subject  in  a  new  and  striking  point  of  light. 


The  candour  and  caution  with  which  he  explained  his  way 
in  dark  involved  cases,  and  the  diffidence  with  which  he 
urged  arguments  of  a  novel  cast,  got  him  the  favour  of  the 
judges  and  sometimes  staggered  his  opponents.  He  had 
none  of  the  Aberdeenshire  brogue,  for  though  he  did  not 
affect  to  S23eak  English,  he  was  "perfectly  intelligible  to  any 
South  Briton.  His  manner  of  pleading  was  better  suited 
to  the  Court  of  Session  than  to  the  Justiciar}^,  where  it  is 
necessar}"  to  carry  juries  by  surprise  or  by  a  blaze  of  eloquence. 
As  his  conscience  would  not  allow  him  to  go  unwarrantable 
lengths,  so  his  pleadings  were  too  refined  for  most  jurymen. 
But  when  nice  points  of  law  occurred  in  a  criminal  trial 
recourse  was  often  had  to  him,  his  ingenuity  and  skill 
being  confessedly  great.  ...  As  a  chamber  counsel  he  gave 
universal  satisfaction.  In  advising  his  clients  he  displayed 
a  comprehension  and  foresight  Avhich  would  have  become  a 
Chancellor  of  England.  Instead  of  flattering  their  wishes 
and  prejudices,  or  of  adding  fuel  to  the  angry  or  interested 
passions,  he  spoke  his  sentiments  with  honest  plainness, 
stating  the  difficulties  they  had  to  encounter  and  the  chances 
against  them.  In  a  word,  for  a  number  of  years  people  were 
unwilling  to  proceed  in  any  business  of  moment  till  they  had 
Pitfour's  opinion  to  sanction  them.  A  series  of  his  opinions 
would  be  a  treasure  of  information  to  men  of  business,  as 
well  as  a  truly  honourable  monument  to  the  head  and  heart 
of  this  amiable  and  able  man.  Nor  did  his  law  papers  give 
less  satisfaction  to  the  judges  and  his  clients.  ...  It  may 
be  thought  strange  that  a  man  of  such  parts  and  virtue 
should  not  have  been  called  to  the  Bench  till  past  his  prime. 
But  he  was  long  considered  a  disaffected  man,  whom  it  would 
be  improper  for  a  Whig  administration  to  promote.  It  Y>ro- 
bably  originated  from  his  being  an  Episcopalian,  like  most  of 
the  northern  gentry  of  those  times.  .  .  .  He  submitted  to 
the  established  government,  and  took  the  oaths  prescribed 
by  law,  a  sacrifice  which  a  man  of  his  honour  and  sense 
would  not  have  made  had  it  been  against  his  conscience.  .  .  . 
He  was  surely  partial  to  the  persons  of  his  iSonjuring  friends, 
whose  private  virtues  he  respected.  And  as  he  sincerely 
compassionated  many  of  the  unhappy  sufferers  in  that  cause. 


he  was  always  ready  to  give  them  the  aid  of  his  professional 
skill  in  their  law  business.  That  was  sufficient,  in  times  when 
Darty  spirit  ran  high,  to  make  him  be  suspected  by  the 
Whigs.  The  active  hand  he  took  in  setting  up  a  qualified 
chapel  at  Old  Deer  shows  that  he  was  not  satisfied  with  the 
politics  of  the  Nonjuring  clergy.  .  .  .  On  the  occasion  of  his 
appointment  Lord  Mansfield  applied  for  an  audience  of  the 
king,  and  said  to  him,  "  Sir,  your  reign  begins  to  be  clouded 
with  faction.  The  best  way  of  blunting  its  face  is  to  keep 
the  channels  of  justice  clear  by  placing  men  of  parts  and 
virtue  upon  the  bench.  Mr.  Ferguson  is  confessedly  the  first 
man  at  the  Scottish  bar,  and  all  the  world  speaks  well  of 
him."  ...  As  a  criminal  judge  he  was  accused  of  leaning  in 
general  too  much  to  the  side  of  the  prisoners,  a  fault  which 
could  not  with  justice  be  found  in  most  of  his  brethren.  It 
was  alleged  that,  in  some  cases,  he  went  great  lengths  to  get 
the  culprits  acquitted  when  the  evidence  was  very  strong. 
But  even  malevolence  durst  not  ascribe  his  conduct  to 
political  or  personal  considerations,  for  whilst  he  sat  on  that 
bench  the  voice  of  party  was  not  heard  in  Scotland,  and  the 
people  who  excited  his  commiseration  were  low  friendless 
creatures.  His  great  humanity,  joined  to  the  indignation  he 
had  felt  when  at  the  bar  when  he  saw  the  Judges  over 
zealous  for  the  Crown,  made  him  perhaps  incline  more  to  the 
other  side  than  was  proper  or  decent.  At  a  very  pleasant 
dinner  at  Stirling  in  1772,  on  the  last  day  of  a  Circuit,  in  a 
small  but  select  company,  when  Lord  Pitfour  gave  the  Court 
of  Justiciary,  Lord  Kames,  who  was  that  day  in  high  glee, 
said  :  "  Ay  !  Pitfour  here  is  our  hanging  Court,  of  which  you 
are  a  most  unworthy  member ;  for  if  you  got  your  will  nobody 
would  ever  be  hanged.  You  would  have  been  a  rare  judge 
to  the  Empress  Elizabeth  of  Russia."  He  entertained  us 
with  a  laughable  account  of  his  friend's  courtship.  In 
entertaining  the  company  that  waited  on  him  Loi'd  Pitfour 
observed  a  middle  course.  As  his  manner  was  courteous  and 
humble,  his  face  was  such  as  became  the  dignity  of  his  place. 
If  he  had  not  the  convivial  talents  of  some  of  his  brethren 
in  entertaining  large  and  mixed  company,  nothing  could  be 
more  delightful  than  his  supper-parties,  when  he  liked  the 


company.  .  .  .  When  a  lawyer  it  was  his  rule  to  do  no  business 
on  Saturday  (Sunday  ?) ;  but  though  a  man  of  unostentatious 
piet}^  he  was  no  Puritan.  He  thought  it  no  sin  to  entertain 
a  few  friends  at  dinner  or  supper,  when  they  were  delighted 
with  the  philanthropy,  the  animation,  and  the  knowledge 
of  their  host.  .  .  .  He  breathed  his  last,  coming  to  his 
grave  in  a  full  age,  like  "  as  a  shock  of  corn  cometh  in  in 
its  season." ' 

The  following  letters  from  Lord  Pitfour  are  interestino-. 
In  the  first,  addressed  to  '  James  Ferguson  of  Kinmundie, 
Esq.,  at  his  lodgings  in  Paterson's  land,  below  the  Canongate 
Cross,  Edinburgh,'  he  announces  the  solemnisation  of  his 
marriage  : — 

'Dear  Cousin, — I  came  here  yesternight,  where  I  have 
obtained  the  completion  of  the  happiness  I  have  been  long 
intending.  We  come  in  upon  Tuesday's  night,  and  will  take 
it  very  kindly  if  you  and  your  Lady  can  come  up  and  sup 
with  us  betwixt  7  and  8  at  night.  My  Lord  and  my  lady 
and  all  this  family  come  in  with  us,  and  severall  of  our  othei- 
friends  are  to  meet  us  in  town.  I  shall  add  no  more  but 
my  most  humble  service  to  your  Lady,  and  am  your  most 
affectionate  cousin  and  humble  servant, 

'  James  Ferguson. 

'Balnacrief,  Feb.  4,  1733.' 

The  other  is  addressed  to  his  young  kinsman,  who  had 
just  followed  the  fashion  of  his  generation  by  making  a  run- 
away marriage  : — 

'  Sir, — I  am  sorry  to  hear  of  your  taking  a  stop  of  this 
importance  without  your  Father's  consent.  You  will  no 
doubt  make  it  your  chief  concern  to  obtain  his  forgiveness. 
I  doubt  if  I  can  have  any  weight  in  it  at  this  distance.  I 
think  it  would  be  proper  to  apply  to  Drum,  who  is  a  man  of 
honour,  and  will  propose  nothing  but  honourable  terms.  It 
will  give  me  great  pleasure  to  hear  that  you  succeed  in 
obtaining  a  Reconcilement  with  your  father,  which  is  the 
only  thing  that  can  ensure  future  happiness  to  you  and  Mrs. 



Ferguson.     I  most  heartily  wish  it,  and  am,  Sir,  your  most 
affectionate  cousin  and  humble  servant, 

'  James  Ferguson. 

'Edin.,  Norr.  llth,  1756.' 

For  further  details  as  to  Lord  Pitfour,  his  father  and  son, 
reference  may  be  made  to  an  article  headed  '  Three  Genera- 
tions of  the  Scots  Bar,'  published  in  the  Scottish  Journal  of 
Jurisprudence  in  March  1886,  and  to  Ramsay  of  Ochtertyre's 
Scotland  and  Scotsmen.] 


V.  Jamex — ['  the  Member  '] — the  eldest  son,  having 
studied  the  law,  commenced  Advocate  before  the  Court  of 
Session  in  1757.  He  made  very  great  and  valuable  addi- 
tions to  the  estate  of  Pitfour.  He  was  elected  Member 
of  Parliament  for  the  County  of  Aberdeen  in  17[90], 
and    continued    its    representative    till    his    death,    which 


took  place  at  London  in  September  1820.     He  was  never 

[James  Ferguson,  '  the  Member,'  was  noted  for  his  dry 
Aberdeenshire  wit,  for  his  silence  in  the  House  of  Commons, 
and  for  his  active  interest  in  the  agricultural  development  of 
his  estates.  He  was  born  in  1735,  and  Eamsay  mentions 
that  '  Monboddo  had  a  very  idle  quarrel  with  David  Hume, 
because  he  thought  young  Mr.  Ferguson  of  Pitfour  might  be 
much  better  employed  than  in  reading  Eustathius's  Com- 
mentaries on  Homer.'  '  In  several  important  causes  he 
proved  himself  not  unworthy  of  his  illustrious  father,'  but 
his  ultimate  interests  lay  in  London  and  Aberdeenshire.  He 
was  defeated  in  his  first  contest  for  Aberdeenshire  in  1786, 
when  Mr.  Skene,  the  nominee  of  the  Fife  interest,  was  suc- 
cessful by  ten  votes.  An  election  ballad  of  the  time  describes 
the  contest  with  spirit,  and  indicates  that  '  the  Lord  of  the 
Protestant  mob '  had  thrown  his  influence  on  the  opposite 
side  from  most  of  his  name  : — 

'  And  there  were  the  Gordons  of  every  degree, 
As  stately  and  gentle  as  Gordons  should  be. 

And  there  were  the  Duffs  all  arranged  on  one  side, 
All  true  to  the  Dun  Cow  whate'er  might  betide  : 

And  a  joyful  day  it  was,  to  be  sure, 
For  the  victuals  were  good  and  the  claret  was  pure, 
While  the  rabble  roared  out, — such  roaring  was  never, — 
"  For  Skene  and  Lord  George,  beef  and  porter  for  ever." ' 

After  sitting  for  Banffshire — in  a  detached  part  of  which  a 
large  part  of  his  estates  lay — Pitfour  carried  Aberdeenshire 
in  1790,  and  though  more  than  once  assailed,  held  it  till  he 
died,  '  the  Father  of  the  House  of  Commons.'  In  1806  Lord 
Melville  wrote  : — '  Our  friend  Pitfour  has  had  a  hard  strugs'le 
against  the  whole  power  and  efforts  of  Government,  but  we 
have  carried  it,  to  his  great  joy  and  to  the  great  annoj^ance  of 
his  opponents.'  He  was  an  intimate  personal  friend,  as  well 
as  steady  supporter,  of  Pitt  and  Dundas,  to  whose  memory  he 
erected  a  simple  monument  of  Aberdeenshire  granite  at  the 


gate  of  Pitfour,  the  inscription  on  which  can  scarcely  be 
surpassed  for  its  laconic  felicity  : — 





ViCECOMiTis  Melville 

priscae  virtutis  virorum 

ex  indigenis  marmoribcs  durissimis 

at  quibus  illorum  fama  perennior 

donum  dedit 

Jacobus  Ferguson 

DE  Piteour 

anno  salutis  m.d.ccc.xvi. 

Lord  Sidmouth  has  preserved  this  anecdote  of  Pitfour, 
whom  Lord  Stanhope  describes  as  a  '  noted  humourist.'  One 
day  Ferguson,  with  several  other  members,  was  dining  in  the 
coffee-room  of  the  House  of  Commons,  when  some  one  ran  in 
to  tell  them  that  Mr.  Pitt  was  on  his  legs.  Every  one  pre- 
pared to  leave  the  table  except  Ferguson,  who  remained 
quietly  seated.  '  What,'  said  they,  '  won't  you  go  to  hear 
Mr.  Pitt  ? '  '  No,'  he  replied, '  why  should  I  ?  Do  you  think 
Mr.  Pitt  would  go  to  hear  me  ? '  '  But  indeed  I  would,'  said 
Pitt,  when  the  circumstance  was  told  to  him. 

Pitfour,  it  is  said,  used  to  assert  that  the  Government 
ought  always  to  choose  a  tall  man  for  Lord  Advocate. 
'  We  Scotch  members,'  he  said,  '  always  vote  with  the  Lord 
Advocate,  and  we  require  therefore  to  see  him  in  a  division. 
Now  I  can  see  Mr.  Pitt,  and  I  can  see  Mr.  Addington,  but  I 
cannot  see  the  Lord  Advocate.'  It  was  said  of  him  that  he 
was  never  present  at  a  debate  and  never  absent  from  a 
division ;  but  this  is  inconsistent  with  the  statement,  also 
attributed  to  him,  that  he  had  heard  many  speeches  which 
changed  his  opinion  but  never  one  that  changed  his  vote, 
and  with  his  own  declaration  that  he  '  had  never  voted  against 
Mr.  Pitt  but  twice,  and  both  times,  on  reflection,  found  he 
was  wrong  and  Mr.  Pitt  right.'  It  is  said  that  his  only  speech 
in  the  House  was  to  move  that  a  window  behind  where  he 
sat  should  be  mended ;  but  it  is  also  reported  that  on  one 


occasion  he  rose,  and  the  unexpected  treat  of  a  speech  from 
one  whose  wit  was  weU  known  in  the  precincts  was  greeted 
with  loud  shouts  of  '  Hear  hear.'     He  paused  a  moment, 

looked  round,  then  said,  'I'll  be  d d  if  you  do,'  and  sat 


Of  '  old  Pitty '  and  his  servant  John  not  a  few  stories 
linger  in  the  north.  John  was  a  great  character,  and  '  Pitt, 
Pitfour,  and  I '  were  the  favourite  subject  of  his  conversation. 
In  the  days  of  the  witty  and  beautiful  Duchess  of  Gordon, 
Pitfour,  it  is  said,  received  many  invitations  to  Gordon  Castle, 
which,  for  reasons  of  his  own,  he  would  neither  accept  nor 
answer.  It  has  indeed  been  said  that  he  had  at  one  time 
been  engaged  to  the  future  Duchess,  and  that  there  lay  the 
secret  of  his  contirmed  bachelordom.  At  last  the  Duchess 
wrote  to  John :  '  Dear  John,  come  to  Gordon  Castle,  and 
bring  your  master  with  you.'  John  went  in  perplexity  to 
Pitfour  for  advice  as  to  the  reply.  '  Answer  as  you're 
addressed,'  said  Pitfour.  '  If  she  begins  "  Dear  John,"  you 
must  reply  "  Dear  Jean." '  Another  incident  has  only  been 
partially  preserved  by  Dean  Ramsay.  One  night  Pitfour  and 
a  friend  were  deeply  immersed  in  a  game  of  chess,  when  the 
door  0]3ened  and  John  announced, '  Laird,  the  supper's  on  the 
table.'  '  All  right,  John ;  we  '11  be  there  presently.'  Quarter 
of  an  hour  or  so  passed,  and  the  game  was  not  finished,  when 
John  appeared  a  second  time,  with  some  asperity  in  his  tone : 
'  I  was  saying,  Laird,  the  supper's  ready.'  '  We  '11  be  down 
in  a  minute,  John.'  Another  quarter  of  an  hour  elapsed, 
and  then  the  door  was  flung  open,  and  John,  marching 
straight  up  to  the  board,  swept  all  the  pieces  off  it  with  the 
words,  '  Come  awa  to  yer  supper  when  ye're  bid.'  '  John,' 
said  Pitfour,  '  this  will  not  do ;  you  and  I  must  part.' 
'  Aweel,  Laird,  we  '11  see  aboot  that  in  the  morning ;  come 
you  to  your  supper  the  noo.'  When  morning  came,  John 
was  ready.  '  Whaur  's  yer  honour  gangin'  ?  Whaur  '11  ye  be 
sae  comfortable  as  in  yer  ain  hoose.  Laird  ;  for  I  'm  no  gaein' 
awa  :  I  hen  ower  iveel  when  I'm  iveel  aff.'  John  had  at  one 
time  fancied  he  could  better  himself  by  setting  up  in  business. 
After  the  lapse  of  a  year  or  two  he  wrote  a  long  letter  to  his 
old  master  detailing  all  his  miscarriages,  and  asking  to  be 


taken  back  into  his  service.  Pitfour,  who  hated  trouble, 
sent  back  the  letter,  writing  at  the  bottom,  '  Accepts  with 
thanks. — J.  F.' 

The  Duchess  of  Gordon's  riddle  upon  '  old  Pitfour '  is 
worth  quoting : — 

'  My  first  is  found  upon  the  banks  of  Tyne, 
My  second  is  scarce  quite  the  half  of  nine  ; 
My  whole  a  Laird  of  Aberdeenshire  race, 
An  honest  fellow  with  an  ugly  face.' 

On  no  occasion  was  he  given  to  lavish  expenditure  of 
words.  His  laconic  reply  to  an  inquiry  as  to  the  extirpation 
of  rooks  was,  '  Shoot  the  fools  that  shoot  the  crows,'  and  his 
doctrine  of  the  three  profits  of  agriculture  was  pithily  ex- 
pressed in  the  words,  '  Ane  to  saw,  ane  to  chaw,  and  ane  to 
pay  the  rent  witha'.'  On  one  occasion  he  so  answered  a 
number  of  silly  questions  put  to  him  by  a  London  lady, 
intensely  ignorant  and  inquisitive  about  Scotland,  that  she 
went  away  believing  '  Scotland  to  be  a  country  containing 
neither  corn  nor  trees  nor  grass,  but  covered  all  over  with 
long  coarse  hair.'  A  local  writer  thus  describes  his  '  patriotic 
labours '  in  the  improvement  of  his  native  district : — '  He  has 
built  several  extensive  and  thriving  villages  :  has  conducted 
a  canal  through  a  considerable  part  of  his  property :  has 
introduced  by  his  influence  fine  turnpike  roads  throughout 
the  greater  part  of  Aberdeenshire :  has  promoted  by  liberal 
encouragement  the  most  improved  systems  of  husbandry 
among  his  tenantry :  has  planted  many  hundreds  of  acres 
which  promise  to  rescue  the  district  of  Buchan  from  the 
reproaches  of  future  travellers :  has  enclosed  whole  farms 
with  hawthorn  hedges,  and  granted  leases  to  all  his  tenants 
on  terms  peculiarly  liberal.  .  .  .  Mr.  Ferguson's  attachment 
to  Buchan,  which  is  almost  proverbial,  and  his  enthusiastic 
delight  in  planning  and  executing  schemes  to  promote  the 
happiness  of  his  tenantry :  in  tine,  the  general  tenor  of  his 
whole  life — have  justly  entitled  him  to  the  venerable  appella- 
tion of  the  Father  of  his  People.'] 

V.  Patrick,  James's  second  son  was  born  in  1744,  and  hav- 
ing early  chosen  the  life  of  a  soldier,  was  sent  to  finish  his  edu- 
cation at  a  military  academy  in  London.    His  first  commission 


was  purcliased  for  him  at  the  age  of  fourteen,  in  the  Royal 
North  British  Dragoons,  and  during  his  short  but  glorious 
career  he  served  in  the  70th  and  other  regiments.  He  united 
in  his  character  the  calm  judgment  and  exalted  abilities  of 
his  father,  with  the  vivacity  and  genius  of  his  mother's  family. 
He  attained  the  rank  of  Lieutenant-Colonel,  and  was  killed  in 
the  action  at  King's  Mountain,  South  Carolina,  7th  Oct.  1780 


[Patrick  Ferguson  was  the  inventor  of  the  first  breech- 
loading  rifle  used  on  service,  for  which  he  took  out  a  patent 
in  1776.  On  one  occasion  Washington  owed  his  life  to  his 
chivalrous  forbearance ;  and  American  authors  point  to 
King's  Mountain,  where  he  commanded  the  Loyalist  force, 
and  where  the  battle  was  decided  by  his  death,  as  the  turning- 
point  of  the  Revolutionary  War.  His  distinguished  bio- 
grapher, Professor  Adam  Ferguson,  says  of  him,  'Ferguson 
was  the  friend  of  every  man's  merit,  and  had  no  enemy  to 
his  o^vn,'  and  has  preserved  this  characteristic  passage  from 


one  of  liis  letters  : — '  The  length  of  our  lives  is  not  at  our  own 
command,  however  much  the  manner  of  them  may  be.  If 
our  Creator  enable  us  to  act  the  part  of  men  of  honour,  and 
to  conduct  ourselves  with  spirit,  probity,  and  humanity,  the 
change  to  another  world,  whether  now  or  fifty  years  hence, 
will  not  be  for  the  worse.'  '  He  possessed,'  says  General 
Stewart  of  Garth,  '  original  genius.  ...  By  zeal,  animation, 
and  a  liberal  spirit,  he  gained  the  confidence  of  the  mass  of 
the  people.  .  .  .  Directing  the  conduct  of  men  unaccus- 
tomed to  strict  discipline,  he  led  them  step  by  step  to 
accomplish  the  duties  of  experienced  soldiers.  At  King's 
Mountain  he  was  overpowered  by  numbers,  and  fought  and  fell 
like  a  Spartan.'  For  a  full  account  of  his  most  interesting 
career,  with  its  incidents  of  chivalrous  daring,  reference  must 
be  made  to  his  life  in  Tivo  Scottish  Soldiers  (D.  Wyllie  and 
Sons,  Aberdeen,  1888),  and  the  Biographical  Sketch  by  Pro- 
fessor Adam  Ferguson.  A  Life  of  Colonel  Patrick  Ferguson 
is  also  in  course  of  preparation  in  America,  by  G.  A.  Gilbert, 
Danbury,  Conn.] 

V.  George  ['  the  Governor '],  James's  youngest  son,  was 
for  many  years  Governor  of  the  Island  of  Tobago,  and 
succeeded  his  brother  James  to  [sic]  his  extensive  estates  of 
Pitfour,  etc.,  on  his  death  in  September  1820,  and  died  on 
the  29th  December  1820. 

[Chambers  in  his  Traditions  of  Edinburgh  preserves  one 
or  two  interesting  reminiscences  of  Governor  Ferguson  and 
his  eldest  brother: — '  Between  the  heads  of  the  Advocates'  and 
Don's  Closes,  in  the  Luckenbooths,  and  bearing  the  number 
333,  stands  a  land  of  no  great  antiquity  or  peculiar  appear- 
ance, but  remarkable  for  containing  the  house  of  Lord  Pit- 
four,  whose  two  sons  continued  to  reside  in  it  till  their  deaths 
in  1820.  .  .  .  This  is  remarkable  for  having  been  the  last 
house  in  the  old  town  inhabited  by  a  gentleman  of  fortune 
and  figure.  .  .  .  There  never  existed  a  greater  difference 
between  two  brothers  in  personal  appearance  than  between 
James  and  George  Ferguson.  James  was  a  remarkably  fat 
and  easy-looking  old  man,  with  a  good-humoured  gentle- 
naanly  face ;  while  George  was  tall,  slim,  erect,  and  nimble. 


with  a  face  expressive  of  a  sharp  and  Hvely  temperament.' 

Governor  Ferguson  was  supposed  to  be  the  W of  Peters 

Letters  to  his  Kinsfolk.  He  was  noted  for  his  hospitahty  and 
taste  in  wine ;  and  when  his  stock  was  sold  after  his  death, 
one  parcel  marked  "  My  mother's  wine "  brought  a  great 
price  on  account  of  its  supposed  age,  but  after  all  it  turned 
out  to  be  nothing  better  than  a  manufacture  of  the  good 
lady's  own,  distilled  from  the  humble  Scottish  gooseberry.'] 

V.  Jane,  James's  eldest  daughter,  died  unmarried. 
V.  Elizabeth,  the  second  daughter,  married  Mr.  Wedder- 
burn  of  Birkhill,  but  has  left  no  issue. 

V.  Anne,  the  third,  died  unmarried. 

[George  Ferguson  '  the  Governor '  left  the  estate  of  Pitfour 
to  his  son, 

VI.  Admiral  George  Ferguson,  R.N.  — '  the  Admiral ' 
— who  married,  first,  in  1812  Elizabeth  Holcombe,  only 
daughter  and  heiress  of  John  Woodhouse  of  Yallon  Court, 
CO.  Hereford.  They  had  one  daughter,  who  succeeded 
to  her  mother's  property,  and  married  the  Rev.  Thomas 
Taylor  Lewis,  Incumbent  of  Bridstow.  Admiral  Ferguson 
married,  second,  the  Honourable  Elizabeth  Jane,  eldest 
daughter  of  Clotworthy,  first  Lord  Langford,  and  niece  of 
Field-Marshal  the  Duke  of  Welhngton,  and  left  by  his  second 
marriage  (with  other  issue)  one  son,  George  Arthur.  Admiral 
Ferguson  was  M.P.  for  Banffshire  1833-37,  and  died  in  1867. 
He  was  succeeded  by  his  son, 

YII.  George  Arthur  (born  1835),  Captain  and  Lieutenant- 
Colonel  Grenadier  Guards.  He  married  the  Hon.  Nina 
Maria  Hood,  eldest  daughter  of  Alexander,  first  Viscount 
Bridport  of  the  United  Kingdom,  and  Duke  of  Bronte  in  the 
kingdom  of  Italy,  and  grandniece  of  Admiral  Earl  Nelson, 
and  has  issue, 

VIII.  Arthur  George,  (born  22nd  June  1862),  Captain  Rifle 
Brigade,  A.D.C.  to  H.R.H.  the  Duke  of  Connaught  during 
his  command  in  India. 

Francis  William  (born  29th  July  1863),  served  as  a  volun 
teer  in  the  Matabele  War,  1893-94. 



Rev.  Edwin  Augustus  (born  24th  September  1864),  Rector 
of  Bulwick,  Wansford,  North  Hants,  married  Madeline  Master, 
and  has  issue. 

1.  MadeUne  Jane. 

2.  Dora. 

Charles  Alexander,  born  21st  Oct.  1873. 

Edith  Rosa, 

Mary  Georgina,  .] 





11.  James  ['  the  Brigadier '],  the  third  son,  entered  into  the 
army  when  very  young,  and  having  signaHsed  himself  in  an 
especial  manner,  was  promoted  to  the  rank  of  Brigadier 
General.  He  served  in  four  reigns — King  Charles,  King 
William,  Queen  Mary,  and  Queen's  {sic) — still  main- 
taming  the  character  of  a  brave,  valiant,  and  prudent 
officer,  till  his  fame  raising  envy  in  the  heart  of  the  then 
commanding  officer,  he  was  cut  off  by  very  sinister  means. 
He  left  one  son  James  [and  a  daughter  Elizabeth,  who 
died  unmarried,  being  the  children  of  his  first  marriage 
with  Helen,  daughter  of  James  Drummond  of  Cultmalindie], 
and  a  daughter,  [Anna  Elizabeth,  only  child  of  his  second 
marriage  with  Hester  Elizabeth  Hibelet,  a  Dutch  lady  of 


Bois-le-Duc],  who  being  born  in  Holland,  continued  there, 
[She  married  M.  Gerard  Vinck.  Brigadier  Ferguson  in  1695 
acquired  the  estate  of  Balmakelly  and  Kirktonhill  in  the 
Mearns.  He  had  first  served  in. the  Dutch  Scots  Brigade, 
came  over  with  William  of  Orange ;  was  taken  prisoner  at 
Killiecrankie,  commanded  the  expedition  to  the  West  Coast, 
which  commenced  the  construction  of  Fort- William,  was 
transferred  to  the  Cameronian  Regiment  after  the  battle  of 
Steinkirk,  and  commanded  it  for  twelve  years.  He  '  led  up 
the  first  line  of  foot '  in  the  attack  on  the  Schellenberg,  and 
commanded  a  brigade  at  Blenheim.  He  was  in  command  of 
the  British  troops  at  Maestricht  for  some  weeks  previous  to 
the  march  into  Germany,  and  there,  immediately  before  his 
Brigade  moved  as  the  rearguard,  he  made  his  will,  which  was 
written  by  Mr.  James  Ferguson,  Advocate,  the  Laird  of  Pit- 
four,  who  managed  his  aftairs  in  Scotland  for  him.  He  was 
selected  for  the  responsible  service  of  conveying  the  French 
prisoners  to  Holland  after  Blenheim,  and  his  second  marriage 
was  solemnized  on  his  arrival  at  Bois-le-Duc.  His  gravestone 
in  the  Cathedral  of  Bois-le-Duc,  where  he  died  suddenly  the 
following  October,  when  in  command  of  the  garrison  there, 
'  having,'  says  Blackader,  'just  come  from  Court,  where  he  had 
been  sent  for  that  he  might  be  raised  a  step  higher  for  his 
services,'  bears  the  inscription  : — 

De  H.  Ed.  Gestr.  Heer, 




His  name,  however,  appears  in  the  lists  of  the  British  army 
as  Major-General. 

General  Mackay,  in  a  letter  to  King  William  in.,  described 
him  as  ' 'personne  de  probite  et  dlionneuT  coinme  aussi  jidele 
et  afectionne  an  service  de  voire  Majeste.'  Marlborough, 
in  announcing  his  death,  wrote :  '  C'etait  un  oJjUcier  de 
rtierite  p>oiir  lequel  j'avais  heaucoiip  d'estime  et  que  je  ne 
puis  assez  regretter :  le  lyuhlic  y  a  une  grande  perte  aussi 
bien  que  sa  fmnille  ; '  and  in  a  letter  of  his  own,  speaking  of 
his  regiment,  which  then  had  several  Fergusons  among  its 


officers,  he  uses  words  which  would  have  made  a  fitting- 
epitaph  on  his  own  tombstone  :  '  We  have  our  good  service 
to  plead  for  us,  and  that  we  have  been  honest  and  loyal 
from  the  beginnino-  and  will  continue  so  to  the  end.' 

For  details  of  his  career,  see  Memoir  in  Tivo  Scottish 
Soldiers,  Aberdeen,  D.  Wyllie  and  Son,  1888.  (For  arms, 
see  ch.  xiii.)]   C^-^^Z) 

III.  Jftmes  [1696-1777,  known  colloquially  as  'old  Bomy,' 
from  Balmakelly  or  Bomakellie,  his  first  territorial  designa- 
tion] had  the  estate  of  Kinmundy  purchased  for  him,  [situated 
in  the  same  Aberdeenshire  parish  as  Pitfour.  '  The  lands  and 
barony  of  Balmakelly,  comprehendmg  the  lands  of  Kirkton- 
hill,  Marykirk,  mill  and  mill-lands  thereof,  and  the  other 
towns  contained  in  Colonel  Ferguson's  charter  under  the 
great  seal,'  were  sold  in  April  1723,  and  in  the  same  year 
those  of  Kinmundy  were  bought  from  Gordon  of  Pitlurg. 

A  charter  of  the  barony  of  Kinmundy  then  resigned  for 
new  infeftment,  dated  1728,  confirmed  to  James  Ferguson  of 
Kinmundy  and  his  heirs  All  and  Whole  the  lands  and 
barony  of  Kinmundy,  comprehending  the  town  and  lands  of 
Over  Kinmundie,  with  the  dominical  lands  and  manor  place 
of  the  same ;  the  town  and  lands  of  Deurie,  and  the  lands  of 
Milnbreck,  with  the  mill,  mill-lands  and  astricted  multures 
of  the  same  ;  the  town  and  lands  of  Milnhill,  the  town  and 
lands  of  Pettymarkhouse,  the  town  and  lands  of  Smallburn, 
the  town  and  lands  of  Kinknockie,  comprehending  the  town 
and  lands  of  Oldtown  of  Kinknockie,  Westertown,  alias 
Westerstrype,  alias  Pittendreachseat,  and  Backhill,  alias 
Barrackseat,  with  all  houses,  buildings,  gardens,  orchards, 
mosses,  moors,  marshes,  etc.,  pertaining  thereto,  lying  in  the 
parish  of  Old  Deer,  incorporated  and  erected  into  one  whole 
and  free  barony  called  the  barony  of  Kinmundy,  and  like- 
wise all  and  whole  those  parts  and  portions  of  the  lands  and 
barony  of  Old  Deer,  viz.  the  town  and  lands  commonly 
called  the  dominical  lands  of  Aden,  and  the  pendicle  of 
the  same,  commonly  called  Bridgehouse,  with  the  pendicle 
of  land  commonly  called  Clerkhill,  together  with  the  mill 
of  Aden,  the  miU-lands,  astricted  multures,  sucken  sequels, 
and  knaveships  of  the  same,  and  also  the  town  and  lands  of 



the  Kirktown  of  Old  Deer,  and  all  the  riggs,  acres,  and 
particles  of  land  lying  in  and  around  the  same,  with  the 
right  of  superiority  of  the  whole  feus  there  lying,  together 
with  the  whole  feu-duties  and  other  casualties  due  and 
paid  from  the  same,  and  also  the  town  and  lands  of  Biffieraw 
of  Biffie,  and  Parkhouse  of  Biffio,  Avith  the  whole  houses, 
buildings,  gardens,  orchards,  etc.  .  .  . ;  and  also  All  and  Whole 
the  two  annual  markets  or  fairs  held  annually  within  the 
said  Kirktown  and  parish  of  Old  Deer,  which  are  commonly 
called  the  Fairs  of  Aickie  and  Dusten,  with  the  weekly 
markets  held  within  the  said  Kirktown  of  Old  Deer,  together 
with  the  whole  tolls,  customs,  casualties,  emoluments,  privi- 


leges,  and  arising  from  the  same  or  pertaining  to  the  said 
annual  fairs  and  weekly  markets,  together  with  the  feu-duties 
and  casualties  paid  by  the  said  feuars,  together  also  with 
the  whole  teinds  as  well  greater  as  less,  as  well  rectorial  as 
vicar's  of  the  whole  foresaid  lands  last  above  mentioned, 
which  are  parts  and  portions  of  the  said  barony  of  Old 

Some  years  later,  in  1744,  the  lands  of  Coynach,  contiguous 
to  the  barony  of  Kinmundy,  were  acquired  ;  but  in  1758  those 
of  Aden  and  Old  Deer,  described  in  the  charter  of  1728,  Avere 
sold  to  Alexander  Russell  of  Moncoffer.] 

He  was  married  first  (on  30th  December  1727)  to  Elizabo 


Deans,  by  whom  he  had  one  son  James,  and  a  daughter 
Marjory.  In  his  second  marriage  (3rd  February  1752)  with 
Margaret  Irvine  (of  Artamford)  he  had  no  issue.  [He  seems 
to  have  been  in  the  army  while  quite  a  child,  for  there  are 
among  the  Kinmundy  papers  allusions  to  '  our  pupil's  pay  as 
ensign,'  and  the  following  curious  receipt : — 

'  Sill, — -I  have  received  six  recruits  from  William  Johnston 
servitor  to  James  Ferguson  of  Pitfour  to  Brigadier  Preston's 
regiment  [the  Cameronians],  which  is  raised  by  me  for 
brigadier  ferguson  sone  who  is  ensign  of  the  above  regiment. 

'W,  Drummond. 

'Ed".  1th  Ajir.  1711.' 

The  foundation-stone  of  the  house  of  Kinmundy,  dis- 
covered some  years  ago  in  executing  alterations,  bears 
the  inscription : — 

J.  FERGUSON,  EsQR.,  & 
E.  DEANS,  & 


JUNE  , 


The  house  was  plundered  and  almost  burnt  by  Gordon  of 
Glenbucket's  Highlanders  in  the  '  Forty-five,'  and  only  saved 
by  the  presence  of  mind  of  '  the  Lady  Kinmundy,'  whose 
husband  was  absent,  and  whose  young  son  had  been  hurriedly 
despatched  to  a  neighbouring  farmhouse  concealed  in  a 
clothes-basket.  She  sent  a  message  to  the  officer  in  com- 
mand to  the  effect  that  it  was  strange  conduct  on  the  part 
of  a  gentleman  so  to  treat  a  lady's  house  ;  that  she  had  just 
been  preparing  some  refreshment  for  his  men  when  they  set 
fire  to  the  part  of  the  house  where  it  was  to  be  served,  and 
that  if  they  wanted  their  dinner  they  had  better  put  the 
fire  out.  The  same  good  lady  on  another  occasion,  when 
a  recruiting  party  were  forcibly  impressing  the  young  men 
around,  and  some  of  them  asked  protection,  is  said  to  have 
put  the  house  in  a  state  of  defence,  and  answered  the 
summons  to  surrender  the  fugitives  with  the  reply,  '  Her 
penple  had  come  there  for  safety,  and  safety  they  should  have, 
a  :  i  before  they  were  got  the  house  must  be  knocked  down.' 


Tradition,  supported  by  an  old  door  with  a  deep  sword-cut 
in  it,  says  that  on  one  occasion  at  least  there  w^as  a  fight ; 
and  a  story  is  told  that  once  when  the  Jacobite  cause  was 
in  the  ascendant,  a  party  of  horsemen  arrived  to  seize  the 
Laird,  who  was  in  hiding  in  the  house  of  one  of  his  tenants 
in  the  moss.  The  horsemen  asked  a  half-witted  fellow  if 
he  could  guide  them  to  where  the  Laird  was.  He  replied 
'  he  could  do  that  fine,'  and  led  them  into  the  middle  of  a 


deep  morass,  where  horses  and  men  Avere  soon  floundering. 
After  laughing  at  them  from  a  piece  of  solid  ground,  he 
made  oft",  but  the  tradition  as  locally  handed  down  specially 

records  his  report  that  '  they  just  d d  extraordinar.' 

The  strong  Presbyterian  convictions  and  Hanoverian  sym- 
pathies of  '  the  Lady  Kinmundy '  led  her  to  take  an  active 
part  on  the  Government  side;  and  Glenbucket's  'rude  civilities' 
were  repaid  by  her  active  co-operation  with  Lord  Mark  Kerr's 
dragoons  and  the  Campbell  militia  who  carried  out  the  orders 



for  the  destruction  of  the  non-juring  places  of  worship  in 
Buchan.  Whether  or  not  the  story  be  true  that  she  watched 
from  the  hill  of  Coynach  the  flames  of  the  chapels  at  Old 
Deer  and  Longside,  which  is  inconsistent  Avith  another  which 
records  the  interchange  of  repartees  with  the  Rev.  Mr.  Skinner 
at  Longside  on  the  same  occasion,  it  is  certain  that  when  she 
heard  the  former  edifice  was  being  rebuilt  on  her  husband's 
lands  at  Old  Deer,  she  promptly  rode  over  with  some  of  her 


people  and  demolished  it.  A  local  minister  warned  his  corre- 
spondent to  remember  in  writing  letters  to  Old  Deer  '  that  the 
Lady  Kinmundy  hath  given  it  the  name  of  Dear  William  ' — 
an  appellation  which  fortunately  never  took  hold ; — and  the 
well-known  song  '  O  Logic  o'  Buchan,'  written  by  the  Jacobite 
schoolmaster  on  whose  head  the  Duke  of  Cumberland  set  a 
price  for  having  written  '  Awa,  Whigs,  awa,'  originally  began 
with  the  line 

'  0  woe  to  Kinmundy,  Kinmundy  the  Laird,' 


an  aspiration  which  was  probably  stimulated  by  the  fact  that  in 
legal  pleadings  of  the  time  it  was  stated  that '  the  said  James 
Ferguson  is  a  person  publicly  known  to  be  well  affected  to 
us,  our  person,  and  Government.'  His  uncle  had  been  '  the 
Judas  of  Dryden's  great  satire,'  and  in  some  of  the  Jacobite 
lampoons  an  elaborate  comparison  was  drawn  between  his 
wife  and  Jezebel. 

The  first  Mrs.  Ferguson  died  in  Edinburgh  on  23rd  January 
1751,  and  was  buried  in  the  Canongate  churchyard.  On 
3rd  February  1752  the  Laird  married  en  secondes  noces 
Margaret, '  eldest  daughter  of  William  Irvine  of  Artamford, 
and  the  deceased  Isobel  Keith  his  spouse '  (Marriage  Con- 
tract).    He  died  on  20th  January  1777.] 

IV.  James  [born  12th  December  1734,  died  I7th  February 
1787]  was  married  [14th  October  1756]  to  Elizabeth  Urquhart 
(of  the  family  of  Bytli),  [daughter  of  Thomas  Urquhart,  Esq., 
and  Isabella,  daughter  of  William  Forbes  of  Blackton],  by 
whom  he  had  three  sons,  James,  Thomas,  and  William,  and 
three  daughters,  Elizabeth,  Isabella,  and  Margaret. 

[He  was  the  recipient  of  the  letter  from  Lord  Pitfour 
previously  quoted,  and  the  unfortunate  result  of  his  runaway 
love-match  was  the  sale  of  the  Aden  portion  of  the  Kinmundy 
estates.  There  are  not  a  few  humorous  touches  in  the 
family  correspondence  of  the  time,  for  all  his  friends  were 
not  so  stern  as  the  future  judge.  '  I  imagine,'  wrote  Dingwall 
of  Culsh,  '  the  ground  of  the  present  quarrel  is  that  you  have 
chosen  a  wife  for  yourself  Time  will  make  that  subside 
unless  ye  differ  upon  matters  of  interest.  As  Meldrum  is 
your  lady's  relation,  and  shows  himself  friendly  to  you,  he 
is  a  sensible  honest  gentleman,  and  may  be  of  very  good 
use  to  you.'  Eighteen  years  later  the  Aheixleen  Journal, 
in  announcing  Mrs.  Ferguson's  death,  added,  in  the  quaint 
diction  of  the  age,  'In  every  station  of  life  she  was  an 
example  of  those  virtues  which  render  the  female  sex  trul;^ 
amiable.'  The  following  interesting  allusion  is  preserved  in 
a  letter  written  in  1778  by  her  father  to  his  eldest  grand- 
son, whom  he  had  just  conveyed  to  college  in  Edinburgh : 
'Twixt  Laurencekirk  and  Stonehaven  on  this  side  of  Drum- 
lithie  I  made  the  driver  stop  to  let  me  see  Glenbervie,  as 


my  grandmother  Heneret  Douglas  was  a  daughter  of  Douglas 
of  Glenbervie,  and  the  house  lies  in  a  Glen.'  The  house  of 
Glenbervie  were  the  descendants  of  that  gallant  son  of  old 
Archibald  Bell  the  Cat,  whose  brave  effort  to  win  the  bridge 
over  the  Till  and  cover  the  Scottish  retreat  from  Flodden 
field  with  the  two  hundred  men  he  had  held  too-ether,  drew 
from  the  Earl  of  Surrey  the  quick  inquiry,  '  What  banner  is 
that  ? '  '  That  is  the  Douglas  banner,'  was  the  reply.  '  Then,' 
said  the  English  general,  '  the  victory  is  not  ours  till  that 


banner  too  is  taken;'  and  he  despatched  an  overwhelming 
force  against  the  little  band,  who  fought  so  well,  that  of  the 
two  hundred,  only  sixteen  left  the  fatal  field,  and  among  those 
vvho  lay  dead  was  their  leader,  Sir  William  Douglas,  the 
first  of  Glenbervie.] 

V.  James  [known  as  '  the  lame  laird,'  born  12th  November 
1759,  died  20th  November  1816]  succeeded  his  father  in  the 
estate  of  Kinmundy,  and  married  [in  1787]  Isabella  Brown 
[daughter   of  the   Eev.   William   Brown   of  Craigdam],   by 


whom  lie  had  five  sons,  James,  Wilham,  Thomas,  John, 
and  Alexander,  and  one  daughter  alive,  Isabella.  [She  died 

Mr.  Ferguson,  whose  family  had  adhered  to  the  Secession 
Church,  though  living  a  retired  life  in  the  country,  took  a 
deep  interest  in  the  controversy  on  the  question  of  the 
national  recognition  of  religion,  which  led  to  its  Disruption 
in  the  early  years  of  the  nineteenth  century.  His  brother-in- 
law,  Mr.  Aitken,  his  son's  father-in-law,  Mr.  Chalmers,  and  the 
latter's  son-in-law,  Dr.  M'Crie,  were  all  among  the  four  who 
originally  formed  the  Constitutional  Presbytery  in  mainten- 
ance of  the  old  principles  of  the  Secession  and  of  the  Church 
of  Scotland,  in  regard  to  the  relations  of  Church  and  State, 
when  the  acceptance  of  '  French  principles '  converted  the 
majority  of  the  old  religious  Seceders  into  political  Dis- 
senters. He  was  frequently  consulted  by  his  friends,  and 
their  correspondence  shows  the  great  reluctance  with  which 
they  accepted  the  necessity  of  division  from  their  former 
ecclesiastical  associates,  a  reluctance  as  great  as  that  with 
which  his  grandmother  had  felt  bound  to  face  '  the  evil  of 
separation  from  my  parish  kirk.'  Though  it  was  waged  in 
a  small  arena,  the  principles  involved  in  that  controversy 
were  those  on  which  ever  rests  the  relation  between  Church 
and  State,  and  it  rehearsed  in  principle  the  wider  conflict  of 
the  century  as  to  the  maintenance  of  national  religion.] 

VI.  James  [J.P.  and  D.L.  for  the  county  of  Aberdeen,  born 
21st  November  1789,  died  in  May  1862]  succeeded  his  father 
in  the  estate  of  Kinmundy,  and  married  [August  1817]  Emily 
Chalmers  [daughter  of  the  Rev.  Robert  Chalmers  of  Hadding- 
ton], by  whom  he  had  two  sons,  James  [who  died  in  1841, 
being  accidentally  killed  at  Glasgow  while  serving  a  practical 
apprenticeship  as  a  civil  engineer,  and  having  volunteered  to 
take  another  man's  place  when  the  work  on  which  he  was 
engaged  appeared  to  be  dangerous]  and  Robert  [who  died 
young.  Subsequent  to  the  writing  of  the  MS.  were  born 
William,  now  of  Kinmundy,  and  Thomas. 

VII.  William  (born  20th  December  1823,  J.P.  and  D.L. 
for   the  county  of  Aberdeen ;   Captain    I7th  A.R.V.  Corps, 


1867-1873,  F.R.S.,  F.G.S.,  etc.;  Chairman  Great  North  of 
Scotland  Railway  Company  from  1879),  third  and  eldest  sur- 
viving son  of  James  of  Kinmimdy  (vi.),  succeeded  his  father 
in  the  estate  of  Kinmmidy  ;  married,  on  22nd  July  1856, 
Eliza,  daughter  of  Andrew  Williamson,  Esq.,  Ayr  (who  died 
19th  February  1881),  and  had  three  children;  James,  Andrew 
Wilhamson  (born  7th  October  1858,  died  1st  January  1864), 
and  Agnes  Adair. 

VIII.  James  (born  28th  July  1857) ;  called  to  the  Scots  Bar 
1879 ;  Advocate-Depute,  February- August  1892,  re-appointed, 
July  1895 ;  Captain  and  Hon.  Major  (V.D.)  3rd  (the  Buchan) 
Vol.  Batt.  Gordon  Highlanders ;  Honorary  Secretary,  National 
Union  of  Conservative  Associations  for  Scotland  (Central 
Office),  1882-92 ;  married  (25th  March  1885)  Georgina  Anne, 
eldest  daughter  of  Captain  John  de  Courcy  Andrew  Agnew, 
R.N.,  of  Dacre  Lodge,  Cumberland,  and  granddaughter  of 
Sir  Andrew  Agnew,  7th  Baronet  of  Lochnaw,  Wigtonshire, 
and  has  issue — 

IX.  James  (born  20tli  February  1886),  John  de  Courcy 
Agnew  (born  2nd  March  1887)]. 

V.  Thomas  [1768-1828],  second  son  of  James  [(iv.)  and 
Elizabeth  Urquhart],  a  W.S.  ;  married  Catherine  Cummine, 
by  whom  he  has  a  son,  James,  and  a  daughter,  Marjory  :  [she 
died  unmarried. 

VI.  James  (1807-1880),  son  of  Thomas  Ferguson,  W.S. 
(v.),  married,  in  1868,  Anne,  daughter  of  the  Rev.  Charles 
Macpherson,  minister  of  Tarland,  and  sister  of  Colonel 
(Macpherson)  Farquharson  of  Corachrie,  and  had  live 
children — 

VII.  James  William  (born  1869),  Lieutenant,  3rd  Dragoon 
Guards ;  Mary  (died  unmarried),  Catherine  Cumine,  Anne, 
Marjory  (died  unmarried).] 

V.  William  [1771-1843],  residing  at  Clola  [Kinmundy,  who 
died]  unmarried. 

V.  Elizabeth,  married  Rev.  D.  Meek. 
V.  Isabella,  married  Rev.  J.  Aitken. 
V.  Margaret,  [died]  unmarried. 



IV.  Marjory,  only  daugliter  of  James,  first  of  Kinmundy, 
married  James  Cummine  of  Kininmonth  (a  gentleman  of  an 
ancient  family  and  a  neighbouring  estate  to  her  father's), 
and  left  two  daughters — 

V.  Margaret,  married  Alexander  Kussell  of  Aden,  by  whom 
she  had  seven  sons  and  three  daughters. 

Y.  Catherine,  married  Thomas  Ferguson  above  mentioned. 

[VI.  William  (1792-186  ),  second  son  of  James  of  Kin- 
mundy  (v.),  was  a  merchant  in  Leith,  and  died  unmarried. 

VI.  Thomas  (1794-1831),  the  third  son,  was  a  W.S.  He 
married  Barbara  Hutchison,  a  descendant  of  his  ancestor 
BriR'adier  Ferg-uson's  sister,  but  died  without  issue. 

VI.  John  (1797-1857),  the  fourth  son,  lived  at  Brae  of 
Coynach,  and  was  factor  on  his  brother's  estate.     His  son, 

VII.  John  (died  1879)  married  Mary,  daughter  of  Rev. 
Charles  Macpherson,  Tarland,  was  factor  on  his  cousin's 
estate,  and  second  Colonel  of  the  3rd  Aberdeenshire  Volun- 
teers, or  Buchan  Rifles.  His  widow  married  Dr.  Robert 
Murray  Garden,  Aberdeen. 

VI.  Alexander  (1804-1857),  the  fifth  son,  married  Agnes 
Maitland,  and  had  three  children — 

VII.  William  (1851-1874,  died  unmarried),  Margaret,  Agnes 
married  (1892)  John  Nicholson,  Esq. 

YII.  Thomas  (born  1828),  j^ounger  son  of  James  of  Kin- 
mundy  (vi.),  lived  for  several  years  at  Alton  of  Coynach,  and 
now  resides  in  Aberdeen.  He  married  (21st  February  1867) 
Agnes,  daughter  of  Robert  Whyte,  Esq.,  and  has  issue^- 

VIII.  Robert  (born  5th  February  1869),  M.B.,  CM.; 
William  (died  unmarried),  James  (died  unmarried),  Thomas 
(born  22nd  April  1877),  Agnes  Emily.] 

[Among  the  Kinmundy  papers  are  the  following  : — 

Co7)%niissions  of  Major- General  Ferguson. 

1.  12th  June  1677  (Dutch),  Quartermaster  in  Colonel  Mac- 
donnel's  Ree'iment. 


2.  9tli   September   1678   (Dutch),  Vendrighe   in   Captain 

Zilylen's  Company. 

3.  21st   February    1682   (Dutch),   Lieutenant   in   Captain 

Cunningham's  Company. 

4.  10th  June  1685  (Dutch),  Lieutenant  in  Captain  Middle- 

ton's  Company. 

5.  1st  April  1688  (Dutch),  Captain,  both  from  the  Prince  of 

Orange  and  the  States  of  the  United  Provinces. 

6.  22nd  May  1688  (Dutch),  Captain  of  Captain  George 

Hamilton's  Company. 

7.  1st  August  1692  (English),  Lieutenant-Colonel  in  Munro's 

Regiment  (the  Cameronians). 

8.  1st  January  1698  (Dutch),  Captain  of  a  compan}'  in  his 

own  regiment. 

Burgess  Tickets. 

Glasgow,  7th  May  1690.  In  favour  of  '  James  Ferguson, 
Major  of  the  Regiment  of  Colonel  Lauder.' 

Edinburgh,  30th  October  1691.  '  Major  James  Ferguson.' 

Montrose,  9th  November  1698.  '  CoUonell  James  Fergusone 
of  Balmakellie.' 

Brechin,  28th  February  1722.  James  Ferguson  of  Balma- 

Montrose,  23rd  April  1723.  Jacobum  Ferguson  de  Balma- 

Aberdeen,  14th  July  1732.  Jacobus  Ferguson  de  Kin- 

(Although  the  ticket  has  not  been  preserved,  it  appears 
from  a  note  that  the  freedom  of  Aberdeen  was  conferred 
upon  James  Ferguson,  Younger  of  Kinmuncly,  son  of  the 
recipient  of  the  three  tickets  last  mentioned,  on  18th  October 

The  following  election  letters  are  of  some  interest : — 

'  Half  Moon  Street,  London, 
l5/h  Aiigmf  1761. 
'  Sir, — I  have  been  to  blame  in  not  returning  you  thanks 
for  your  obliging  letter  and  kind  congratulation  on  my  suc- 
cess in  the  election  sooner,  but  the  great  hurry  I  have  been 


in,  and  the  very  short  space  I  have  till  now  been  able  to  stay- 
in  one  place  will,  I  hope,  plead  my  excuse.  I  was  exceedingly 
obliged  to  Kinniimdy  and  by  Kinmundy,  and  no  less  so  to 
Miss  Ferguson.  If  ever  it  lie  in  my  power  to  return  the 
favour  to  any  of  their  or  your  concernt,  I  shall  esteem 
myself  happy  in  doing  so.  I  sincerely  wish  you  all  well, 
and  with  my  kind  comp*^  to  your  Lady  and  family,  and  to 
friends  at  Kinmundy, — I  ever  am,  with  regard  and  esteem, 
d*"  Sir,  your  most  faithful  and  obliged  humble  servant  and 
friend,  '  Ad.  Gordon. 

'  Pray  remember  me  kindly  to  Mrs.  Betty  Ferguson,  Pit- 
four,  and  to  all  friends, 

'  To  JcLTiies  Ferguson.  Esq.,  Yr.  of  Kinmundy.' 
Lord  Adam  Gordon  was  then  M.P.  for  Aberdeenshire. 

The  following  is  Pitfour's  election  address  of  1790  : — 

'  Edinburgh,  17^/i  June  1790. 

'  Dear  Sir, — As  Parliament  is  now  dissolved,  I  take  this 
early  opportunity  of  offering  myself  as  a  candidate  to  repre- 
sent the  County  of  Aberdeen,  and  of  soliciting  the  support  of 
your  vote  and  interest  at  the  coming  Election. 

'  Should  I  have  the  good  fortune  to  attain  a  situation  so 
truly  respectable,  I  shall  endeavour  by  every  means  in  my 
power  to  show  my  gratitude  to  those  gentlemen  who  honour 
me  with  their  support ;  and  to  forward  with  unremitting 
attention  what  appears  to  me  to  be  the  true  interest  of  the 
County  and  of  the  nation  at  large. — I  have  the  honour  to  be, 
d*"  Sir,  your  most  obed.  and  most  hu'  serv^       J.  Ferguson. 

'  My  dear  Cousin, — /  hope  earnestly  for  your  attendance.' 

Stray  passages  in  old  private  letters  are  often  eloquent  of 
national  events  and  the  public  spirit  of  the  time.  Two 
sentences  from  ones  addressed  to  Mr.  Ferguson  of  Kinmundy 
may  be  quoted,  one  of  which  rings  with  the  confident 
patriotism  of  the  time,  and  the  other  illustrates  a  philosophy 
which  never  evaporates.     On  18th  July  1805  a  correspondent 


Avrites :  '  We  liave  now  fine  warm  weather,  and  must  ensure  a 
fine  crop  of  everything,  and  in  a  day  or  two  we  shaU  have 
2'reat  news  from  Lord  Nelson.'  The  other  is  from  one  who 
lived  a  quiet  country  life.  '  It  seems  Mr.  Pitt  is  dead  :  great 
changes  are  still  taking  place.'] 






II.  George,  the  fourth  son.  He  lived  and  died  in  Old  Mel- 
drum,  a  villaofe  distant  about  four  miles  from  Inverurie,  and 
seventeen  and  a  half  from  Aberdeen.  [He  and  a  friend  are 
recorded  as  having  in  the  famine  of  1696  undertaken  to 
j)urchase  1000  or  1200  bolls  of  bear  to  sell  to  the  people  in 
the  north  at  a  price  to  be  fixed  by  the  authorities,  they 
'  having  no  desire  of  profit,  but  allenarly  the  keeping  of  the 
poor  in  the  said  shire  from  starving.'  They  applied  to  the 
Privy  Council  for  protection  for  their  cargo  from  French 
privateers.]  He  was  married  first  to  Jane  Forbes,  by  whom 
he  had  four  sons — Robert,  John,  William,  and  George,  and 
five  daughters,  Jean,  Janet,  Mary,  Christian,  and  Magdalene. 

III.  Robert,  John,  and  George  all  died  unmarried.  The 
two  eldest  entered  into  the  army,  and  after  having  attained 
to  good  stations,  died. 

L  [Among  the  officers  of  Brigadier  Ferguson  of  BalmakeUy's 

iX  /7  regiment — the  Cameronians — in  1699-1700,  were  a  Lieutenant 

^  ^ '  John  Ferguson,  Adjutant,  and  John  and  Robert  Ferguson, 

Ensigns.  A  Lieutenant  John  Ferguson  Avas  present,  and 
Lieutenant  Robert  Ferguson  was  wounded  at  Blenheim,  and, 
in  a  state  of  the  regiment,  made  up  '  after  the  two  actions 
in  Germanic,  1704,'  the  roll  of  the  Brigadier's  own  com- 
pany was  signed  by  Robert  Ferguson,  who  must  have  been 
his  subaltern,  and  was  probably  his  nephew.^ 

III.  William,  the  third  son,  lived  at  Mill  of  Insch,  and, 
being  a  man  of  sound  judgment  and  quick  penetration,  went 
commonly  by  the  name  of  '  the  Judge.'  He  was  married  to 
Mary  Panton,  and  had  two  sons,  George  and  John,  and  two 
daughters,  Elizabeth  and  Mary. 

IV.  George  lived  at  Kilmory,  and  Avas  married  to  Margaret 
Tulloch,  a  daughter  of  one  of  the  Tullochs  of  Tannachy,  a 
very  ancient  family  in  the  county  of  Moray,  by  Avhom  he  had 
one  son, 

[V.]    William,  a  merchant  in  London,  and  one  daughter, 

^  Kinmundy  Papers. 


Mary,  who   died   unmarried.      [For    arms  see   chapter  xiii. 
Sir  Walter  Scott's  Note-book  contains  the  following : — 

'  Salutation  of  two  old  Scottish  Lairds.  "  Ye  're  maist 
obedient  hummil  servant,  Tannachy-Tulloch."  "  Ye  're  nain 
man  Kilspindie." '] 

IV.  John,  his  brother,  was  in  1764  a  captain  in  the  navy. 
He  was  married  and  had  issue,  but  it  is  not  known  to  whom 
he  was  married  or  what  became  of  his  issue. 

(He  was  married  to  L3'dia  Cumber,  and  had  four  children : 

1.  John,  a  captain  in  the  navy. 

2.  William,  a  captain  in  the  army. 

3.  Lydia,  who  married Sheridan. 

4.  Marion,  Avho  married  Dr.  Smith.) 

[Lydia  Fergusone,  afterwards  Sheridan,  appears  as  an 
authoress  in  the  printed  catalogue  of  the  British  Museum.] 

[This  John  was  the  '  black  captain '  of  the  '  Forty-tive,'  and 
a  most  active  officer.  Several  anecdotes  of  him  have  been 
preserved.  He  is  said,  on  arriving  off  the  coast  of  Skye,  to 
have  got  into  conversation  with  a  dairymaid  from  Kings- 
burgh  house,  and  to  have  had  her  shoAvn  over  his  ship,  when 
the  girl  let  out  the  important  secret  by  saying  '  she  had  seen 
many  nice  gentlemen,  and  the  Prince  was  at  her  master's 
house  night  before  last,  and  was  a  very  nice  gentleman,  but 
not  half  so  kind  as  Captain  Ferguson.' 

The  Jacobite  writers  describe  him  as  '  a  most  active  emis- 
sary of  the  Hanoverian  party,'  and  as  '  a  littmg  tool  for 
William  the  Cruel.'  He  more  than  once  narrowly  missed 
capturing  the  fugitive  Prince,  who  on  arrival  both  at  Morar 
and  Boradale  found  the  houses  '  burned  by  Captain  Ferguson.' 
It  is  recorded  as  an  instance  of  second  sight  that  the  arrival 
of  his  ship  on  the  coast  of  Skye  on  the  hot  scent  of  Prince 
Charles  was  foreseen  by  a  Highland  seer :  it  was  to  that  ship 
that  Flora  Macdonald  was  taken  on  her  arrest,  and  a  com- 
bined party  of  sailors  from  it  and  Campbell  Militia  secured 
only  a  lesser  prize  in  the  seizure  of  Lord  Lovat. 

The  following  notice  of  Captain  John  Ferguson  is  given  in 
Charnock's  Biographia  N avails: — 

'  This  gentleman  in  the  early  part  of  the  year  1746  was  commander 


of  the  Furnace  bomb,  then  employed  as  a  cruiser  off  the  coast  of 
Scotland.  (He  "seized  800  stand  of  arms  at  M'Donald  of  Barras- 
dale's  house,  in  the  isle  of  Rasay.")  He  rendered  himself  so  con- 
spicuous on  that  station  by  his  activity,  diligence,  and  general 
conduct,  that  he  was,  on  6th  October  in  the  same  year,  promoted, 
it  is  said  in  consequence  of  the  express  interference  and  recom- 
mendation of  the  Duke  of  Cumberland,  to  be  captain  of  the  Night- 
ingale, a  new  frigate  just  then  launched.  During  the  ensuing  year 
we  believe  him  to  have  been  principally  employed  as  a  cruiser,  and 
in  the  month,  either  of  September  or  October,  he  again  distinguished 
himself  by  the  capture  of  a  French  ship  of  somewhat  superior  force, 
called  the  Dauphin  lloyal,  carrying  22  guns  and  150  men.  The 
enemy  made  a  very  obstinate  though  running  fight,  and  was  not 
overpowered  till  after  a  contest  of  ten  hours'  continuance.  No  fur- 
ther mention  is  made  of  him  till  the  year  1753,  when  we  find  him 
commanding  the  Porcupine  sloop  on  the  coast  of  Scotland,  and  very 
actively  employed  in  scouring  that  quarter,  and  preventing  the 
return  of  the  rebel  chiefs,  many  of  whom,  after  having  escaped  to 
France,  it  was  then  rumoured,  were  on  the  point  of  attempting  to 
lepair  again  to  their  native  country,  in  the  hope  of  inciting  some 
fresh  insurrection.  (He  was  not  long  afterwards  appointed  regu- 
lating officer  on  the  same  stati/)n.) 

'We  have  no  account  of  him  after  this  time  till  the  year  1758, 
when  he  was  captain  of  the  Prince  of  Orange,  a  fourth-rate  of  60 
guns,  one  of  the  ships  sent  on  the  expedition  against  Louisburg, 
under  the  command  of  Mr.  Boscawen.  He  remained  in  the  same 
station  during  a  considerable  space  of  time,  but  neither  himself  nor 
his  ship  are  again  noticed  till  the  year  1762,  when  the  Prince  of 
Orange  was  one  of  the  Channel  Fleet  under  the  orders  of  Sir  Edward 
Hawke  and  his  Royal  Highness  the  late  Duke  of  York.  In  both 
the  services  last  mentioned,  as  well  as  every  other  in  which  he  was 
employed  during  the  war,  he  appears  to  have  unfortunately  had 
no  opportunity  of  increasing  either  his  fame  or  fortune.  After  the 
conclusion  of  the  war  he  was  appointed  to  the  Firme,  a  fourth-rate 
of  60  guns,  as  he  afterwards  was  to  the  Prince  of  Orange,  a  ship  of 
the  same  force.     He  died  on  13th  June  1767. 

'An  anecdote  is  related  of  this  gentleman  in  Entick's  Histoi'ij 
which  we  think  it  would  be  an  act  of  injustice  to  him  to  suppress. 
The  coast  in  the  neighbourhood  of  Louisburg  was  so  extremely  well 
fortified,  both  by  art  and  nature,  that  it  was  generally  deemed 
almost  an  impracticability  to  eftect  a  landing ;  the  admiral  took  the 


advice  of  each  captain  separately,  and,  to  use  the  historian's  own 
words:  "It  coming  to  the  turn  of  Captain  Fergusone,  an  old, 
brave,  and  experienced  officer,  whom  Mr.  Boscawen  had  requested 
from  the  lords  of  the  admiralty'  to  attend  him  in  this  service,  and 
in  whose  opinion  and  conduct  in  the  most  trying  occasions  he  could 
place  great  confidence,  this  captain  having  delivered  himself  in  the 
most  respectful  terms  in  regard  to  the  opinion  of  his  brethren  whose 
reasons  the  admiral  ingenuously  related  to  him,  and  despising  the 
arguments  drawn  from  the  danger  of  the  service,  for  proving  an 
impracticability  without  an  actual  attempt  to  land,  and  to  force 
the  enemy's  forts  with  all  the  art  and  strength  in  their  power,  he 
advised  the  admiral  for  his  own  honour  and  the  glory  of  his  coun- 
try to  exert  that  power  with  which  he  was  invested,  and  not  to 
leave  it  to  the  uncertain  resolutions  of  a  council  of  war,  which  had 
been  so  fatal  at  Minorca,  at  Rochfort,  and  even  at  Halifax,  to  the 
disgrace  of  all  concerned,  and  to  the  extreme  loss  of  the  nation." 

'  The  admiral  acquiesced  in  the  justness  of  the  captain's  observa- 
tion on  councils  of  war :  resolved  to  call  no  council,  but  strictly  to 
adhere  to  his  instructions,  which  were  to  land  the  troops  on  the 
island  of  Cape  Breton.' 

For  his  arms,  see  chapter  xiii.] 

IV.  Elizabeth,  their  eldest  sister,  was  married  to  Mr.  Jar- 
dine,  an  officer  of  excise  (son  of  Sir  A.  Jardine  of  Applegarth, 
Dumfriesshire),^  and  had  three  sons  and  one  daughter. 

IV.  Mary,  Elizabeth's  sister,  or  William's  youngest  daughter, 
died  unmarried. 

Now  as  to  George  the  fourth  son's  daughters : 

III.  Jean,  Janet,  Christian,  and  Magdalene,  his  first, 
second,  fourth,  and  fifth  daughters,  all  died  unmarried,  but 
Mary,  the  third  daughter,  married  John  Milne,  a  merchant  in 
Old  Meldrum,  and  had  two  daughters. 

In  George's  second  marriage,  with  Christian  Steven,  he  had 
three  daughters,  Margaret,  Elizabeth,  and  Isobel.  The  two 
eldest  died  unmarried,  and  the  youngest  was  married  to  a 
Mr.  Murdoch,  a  gentleman  in  Old  Meldrum,  but  had  no 

^  Older  Kinmnndy  MS. 



II.  John,  tlie  fifth  son,  was  married  to  Bathia  Carr,  and 
lived  and  died  in  Inverurie.  [He  purchased  Stonehouse,  or 
the  southern  part  of  the  Inverurie  Roods,  in  1676.]  He  had 
three  sons,  WiUiam,  James,  and  George. 

III.  William  was  married  to Keith  [He  sold  Stone- 
house  to  William,  second  Earl  of  Kintore],  and  resided  at  Mill- 
breck,  a  town  [i.e.  farm]  very  near  Kinmundy,  and  had  one 
son,  Alexander,  and  live  daughters,  Henrietta,  Margaret, 
Catherine,  Bathia,  and  Isobel. 

IV.  Alexander,  WiUiam's  only  son,  died  a  captain  of  a 
tradino-  vessel. 

IV.  Henrietta,  his  eldest  daughter,  was  married  to  Mr. 
Ryon,  an  officer  of  excise,  and  had  two  sons,  both  in  the  navy, 
and  one  daughter. 

IV.  Margaret  and  Catherine  died  unmarried. 

IV.  Bathia  was  married  to  — —  Gordon,  and  had  one 

IV.  Isobel,  the  youngest  daughter,  was  married  to  Mr. 
Gray,  a  gentleman  in  Edinburgh,  but  had  no  issue. 

III.  James  entered  into  the  Emperor  of  Germany's  army, 
but  it  is  not  known  if  he  married  or  had  issue.  (By  last 
accounts  he  was  in  a  very  good  station  there.)^ 

III.  George,  John's  youngest  son,  died  in  his  youth. 

^  Older  Kinmundy  ms. 



II.  Walter,  the  sixth  son,  lived  and  died  [in  1728]  in 
Inverurie,  in  tlie  house  where  his  father,  irrandfather,  and 
great-grandfather  were  born ;  in  line,  a  house  where  his  pro- 
genitors had  been  for  upwards  of  300  years.  He  was  married 
to  Margaret  Panton,  and  had  four  sons,  James,  Wilham,  John, 
and  George,  and  five  daughters,  Margaret,  Janet,  Mary,  Bar- 
bara, and  Bathia.  [His  father,  who  survived  to  1699,  disponed 
the  old  house  and  large  holding  of  the  Burgh  Roods  to  him 
in  1680. J  (Walter's  second  and  youngest  sons  went  abroad 
to  Poland,  since  which  no  notice  has  been  had  of  them.)  [So 
says  the  oldest  copy  of  the  genealogy  extant ;  but  after  nearly 
a  century  of  silence,  the  son  of  William  reappeared  in  Scot- 
land, having  carved  out  fresh  fortunes  for  himself  and  his 
children  in  the  East  of  Europe.  William  Ferguson  had  in 
1714  married  Catherine  Concordia  Tepper,  sister  of  Peter 
Tepper  of  WarsaAv.  They  had  a  second  son,  Peter,  the  eldest 
being  called  William,  who  in  1767  was  adopted  by  his  uncle, 
who  had  no  issue.  He  married  Mary  Philippine  Valentine, 
and  in  1779  obtained  the  royal  licence  in  London  to  take  the 
additional  name  of  Tepper,  having  then  four  sons  and  five 
daughters.  For  his  arms,  see  chapter  xiii.  on  Ferguson 
Heraldry,  and  for  further  details,  chajjter  xii.  on  Fergusons 
Abroad.  Walter's  third  son,  John,  was  a  wine-merchant  in 
Bath,  and  died  without  issue ;  and  there  was  a  fifth  Walter. 
Maro-aret  married  George  Scott,  and  Janet,  Alexander 

III.  James  [Walter's  eldest  son,  1681-1753]  was  married 
to  Isobel  Scott,  daughter  of  George  Scott,  Town-Clerk  of 
Inverury,  and  had  four  sons,  Walter,  James,  John,  and 
Anthony,  and  three  daughters,  Margaret,  Mary,  and  Janet. 
[Three  other  sons,  George,  William,  and  Charles,  died  young.] 

IV.  Walter  [1714-1797]  was  a  writer  in  Edinburgh.  He 
married  Lord  Swinton's  sister,  but  had  no  issue.  [He  is 
designed  as  Walter  Ferguson  of  Kinnaird  in  the  document 
vouched  for  by  Mr.  Cumming,  F.S.A.,  which  was  prejDared  in 
connection  with  the  visit  to  Scotland  of  his  Polish  cousins. 


and  as  such  registered  arms  in  1761.  (See  ch.  xiii.)  He  owned 
land  upon  which  part  of  the  New  Town  of  Edinburgh  was 
built,  and  was  the  last  holder  of  the  old  property  in  Inverurie. 
'  The  ancestral  seven  Lower  Roods  and  one-sixteenth  Common 
Lands/  says  Dr.  Davidson  in  his  Inverurie  and  the  Earldom 
of  the  Garioch,  '  Avere  the  last  remaining  link  of  the  family  to 
Inverurie.'  For  some  time  Walter  Ferguson  had  cherished 
the  idea  of  building  either  a  good  house  for  himself  or  a 
public  building  creditable  to  the  town  upon  them,  but  in 
1796  he  wrote  to  the  parish  minister:  'I  am  determined  to 
part  with  all  my  lands  in  Inverurie  immediately.  ...  It  is  a 
thing  I  never  intended  to  do  after  the  land  has  been  about 
live  hundred  years  in  my  family  from  father  to  son.'  The 
sale  was  completed  by  his  widow,  the  Earl  of  Kintore  purchas- 
ing the  Common  Lands.] 

IV.  James  [1723-1793]  was  a  Captain  in  the  Navy,  and 
afterwards  Governor  of  Greenwich  Hospital. 

[His  brother  Walter,  in  a  letter  of  3rd  August  1780,  men- 
tioned that  '  Admiral  Rodney  paid  him  a  very  high  compli- 
ment for  his  behaviour  in  the  last  action.'  Among  '  the  votes 
of  Mr.  Ferguson  of  Pitfour'  in  Banffshire  in  1788  occurs  the 
name  of  Captain  James  Ferguson,  late  of  the  Romney.  The 
Scots  Magazine  of  1784  noted  '  Captain  James  Ferguson,  late 
commander  of  the  Terrible  and  Egmont  men-of-war,  is  ap- 
pointed Lieutenant-Governor  of  Greenwich  Hospital.  This 
promotion  was  granted  him  spontaneously  without  solicita- 

The  following  account  of  his  career  is  taken  from  Charnock's 
Biographia  Naval  is  : — 

'  James  Ferguson  was  a  gentleman  of  Scottish  extraction,  who, 
having  entered  into  the  Royal  Navy,  was  on  the  1 5th  of  November 
1756  promoted  to  the  rank  of  lieutenant,  and  after  a  remarkably 
short  continuance  in  the  intermediate  one  of  commander,  was 
advanced,  on  6th  June  1763,  to  that  of  post-captain,  being  ap- 
pointed to  the  Bomney,  of  50  guns,  the  flagship  ofthe  lo  rd  Colville, 
on  the  North  American  station,  (He  went  to  sea,  in  the  first 
instance,  as  a  petty  officer  on  board  the  Leapard,  and  was  after- 
wards recommended  to  Lord  Colville,  who  promoted  him  to  be  a 
lieutenant,  but  he  was  not  confirmed  for  a  long  time,  owing,  as  is 


said,  to  his  lordship  having  neglected  some  other  recommendation 
given  to  him  from  Lord  Anson.)  He  continued  in  the  same  em- 
ployment during  the  two  succeeding  years  ;  but  after  that  time  we 
do  not  find  him  again  in  commission  till  after  the  commencement 
of  the  dispute  with  the  North  American  Colonies,  when,  in  1776, 
he  was  appointed  to  the  Brune  frigate,  of  32  guns,  and  ordered  out 
to  New  York,  we  believe,  with  a  convoy  in  the  month  of  June 
following.  In  the  several  progressive  attacks  and  debarcations 
made  before  the  end  of  the  year  on  the  different  parts  of  York 


Island,  Captain  Ferguson  having  been  very  particularly  and  dis- 
tinguishedly  employed  by  the  Commander-in-Chief,  Lord  Viscount 
Howe,  conducted  himself  through  the  whole  of  a  most  intricate 
and  difficult  service,  so  as  not  only  to  attract  his  Admiral's  highest 
notice  and  regard,  but  to  procure  the  highest  encomiums  on  his 
behaviour  and  good  conduct. 

('  "  In  my  report  to  their  lordships  on  these  several  transactions," 
wrote  Lord  Howe  in  his  despatches,  "  particular  notice  is  due  to 
the  ability  testified  in  the  direction  of  many  difficult  and  fatiguing 


services  which  Captain  Ferguson  of  tlie  Briine  was  charged  with, 
preparatory  to,  and  in  the  progress  of  the  various  movements  of 
the  army,  from  the  time  of  the  first  descent  on  York  Island.") 

('In  the  month  of  March  1777  he  commanded  the  naval  part  of 
an  expedition  sent  up  the  North  river  to  demolish  an  American 
magazine  at  Peek's  Hill,  a  service  that  was  very  completely  and 
successfully  executed.) 

'  On  quitting  the  Brune,  as  we  believe  him  to  have  done  in  the 
West  Indies,  whither  he  was  ordered  in  1779,  he  was  appointed  to 
the  Venus,  of  36  guns,  one  of  the  ships  then  employed  on  the 
same  station,  where  he  also  distinguished  himself  at  the  time  of  the 
encounter  that  took  place,  in  the  month  of  April  1780,  between  the 
fleet  commanded  by  Sir  George  Rodney  and  the  Count  de  Guichen. 
He  acquitted  himself  no  less  honourably  than  he  had  done  under 
Lord  Howe,  and  is  most  distinguishedly  mentioned  by  the  Com- 
mander-in-Chief in  his  despatches.  "  When  night  came  on,"  says 
he,  "  I  formed  the  fleet  in  a  line  of  battle  ahead,  and  ordered  the 
Venus  and  Greyhound  frigates  to  keep  between  his  Majesty's  and 
the  enemy's  fleet  to  watch  their  motions,  which  was  admirably 
well  attended  to  by  that  good  and  veteran  officer,  Captain  Fer- 
guson." Immediately  after  the  foregoing  event  this  gentleman  was 
appointed  to  the  Intre^nd  as  successor  to  Captain  St.  John,  who  was 
killed  from  that  ship.  He  afterwards  removed  into  the  Terrible,  of 
74  guns,  one  of  the  line-of-battle  ships  employed  on  the  same 
station.  He  accompanied  the  admiral  to  North  America  on  the 
approach  of  the  hurricane  months,  but  nothing  sufficiently  memor- 
able to  demand  our  notice  took  place  during  the  time  he  was  absent 
there,  or  indeed  after  his  return  to  the  West  Indies,  till  the  capture 
of  St.  Eustatia.  This  too  being  effected  without  any  resistance  on 
the  part  of  the  Dutch,  is  to  be  mentioned  merely  as  an  occurrence. 
In  the  month  of  April  following  he  was  present,  under  Sir  Samuel 
Hood,  at  the  encounter  with  the  French  fleet  off  the  island  of 
Martinico,  but  the  action,  owing  to  the  extreme  caution  of  the 
Count  de  Grasse  and  his  wish  of  avoiding  the  contest,  liaving  been 
extremely  partial,  the  Terrible  was  one  of  the  ships  which  was  very 
trivially,  if  at  all  engaged.  Captain  Ferguson  resigned  his  com- 
mand, and  returned  to  England  very  soon  after  this  time,  nor  do 
we  believe  him  ever  to  haA'e  taken  upon  him  any  subsequent  one 
till  the  month  of  June  1782,  when  he  was  appointed  to  the 
Egmorit,  one  of  the  ships  then  under  equipment  for  the  main  or 
Channel  fleet.     He  accompanied  Lord  Howe  in  this  ship  to  Gib- 


raltar  in  the  month  of  September  following,  and  on  the  encounter 
with  the  combined  fleets  on  the  20th  of  October  was  stationed  as  one 
of  the  seconds  to  Rear-Admiral  Sir  Alexander  Hood,  who  commanded 
the  second  division  of  the  centre  squadron.  On  that  occasion  he 
was  not  materially  engaged,  having  had  only  one  of  his  crew  killed. 
The  Egmont  on  her  return  to  England  was  ordered  to  be  re-equipped 
for  the  West  Indian  station  ;  but  peace  taking  place  immediately 
afterwards.  Captain  Ferguson  resigned  his  command. 

'  In  the  month  of  January  1784  he  was,  on  the  decease  of  Captain 
Broderick  Hartwell,  appointed  Lieutenant-Governor  of  Greenwich 
Hospital,  a  station  in  which  he  continued  till  the  time  of  his  death, 
which  happened  on  14th  February  1793.  This  gentleman,  among 
some  eccentricities,  possessed  also  many  excellent  qualities,  and  the 
shades  of  the  former  were  not  in  any  degree  capable  of  obscuring 
the  brilliancy  of  the  latter.  The  latter  years  of  his  life  he  unfor- 
tunately passed  almost  in  a  state  of  childhood,  in  consequence  of  a 
paralytic  stroke  which  befel  him  about  the  year  1786,  and,  increas- 
ing in  its  effects,  reduced  him  ere  long  to  the  pitial:)le  situation  in 
which  we  have  just  represented  him.'] 

IV.  John  [1725-1751]  died  a  Lieutenant  in  the  army.  He 
was  not  married.  (He  was  a  Keutenant  in  Brigadier  Halket's 
Regiment  in  the  Dutch  service.) 

IV.  Anthony  [born  1780]  was  a  merchant  in  Edinburgh. 
He  had  one  son, 

V.  Hugh,  Avho  was  an  eminent  physician  in  Dubhn. 

[IV.  Janet,  their  sister,  nuirried  Mr.  Robert  Lock,  and  was 
the  mother  of  Admiral  Walter  Lock,  and  grandmother  of 
Colonel  AndrcAv  Lock,  50th,  and  Colonel  Henry  Lock,  108th 



II.  Janet  Ferguson,  William's  only  daughter,  was  married 
to  her  own  cousin,  John  Ferguson,  a  Polish  merchant,  and 
brother's  son  of  her  father's,  and  they  had  three  sons,  John, 
Robert,  and  Alexander,  and  three  daughters,  Janet,  Mary, 
and  Jane.  The  daughters  all  died  unmarried  [except  Janet, 
who  married  John  Wishart,  Old  Meldrum,  and  died  in  1732, 
leaving  issue.  The  only  girl  among  six  brothers,  Janet,  the 
elder,  was  known  in  the  family  for  the  strength  of  her  char- 
acter and  the  vigour  of  her  temper  as  '  gentle  Janet.'  It  is 
said  that  a  friend  of  her  cousin's  conveyed  his  addresses 
through  him  as  an  intermediary,  but  the  ambassador  received 
the  answer,  '  Gin  ye  wad  speak  for  yersel,  ye  micht  hae  mair 

III.  John  went  to  Poland  with  his  father,  and  remained 
there  in  the  mercantile  way. 

III.  Robert  also  accompanied  his  father  to  Poland,  but 
returned  and  settled  at  Peterhead.  He  married  Jane  Smith, 
by  whom  he  had  two  sons,  Alexander  and  William,  and  one 
dauQfhter,  Jane,  who  died  unmarried. 

lY.  Alexander  was  captain  of  a  trading  vessel,  and  had 
three  sons.  It  is  not  at  present  known,  however,  to  whom  he 
was  married,  or  what  became  of  his  children. 

(He  married  Elizabeth  Clark,  and  had  three  sons,  William, 
Robert,  and  James.  James  was  captain  of  a  West  Indian 
ship,  married,  and  left  one  daughter.) 

IV.  William,  Robert's  second  son,  was  both  in  the  navy 
and  merchant  service.  He  was  married  [January  16th, 
1752]  to  Isabella  Arbuthnot,  and  had  three  daughters,  Jane, 
Margaret,  and  Christian.  [Captain  William  Ferguson  left 
the  navy  in  deference  to  his  wife's  Jacobite  feelings,  bi 
re-entered  it  after  the  death  of  Prince  Charles  Edwar* 
In  1756  he  commanded  H.M.S.  Prince  of  Wales,  when 
he  received  the  freedom  of  Montrose.     In  the  same  year,  as 


lieutenant  of  H.M.S.  Solehajj,  commanded  by  his  kinsman 
Captain  John  Feronson,  he  received  the  freedom  of  the  city 
of  Aberdeen,  and  in  1759  that  of  Dundee.  He  was  Captain 
of  the  Peterhead  Artillery  Volunteers  (1795),  and  died  at  the 
age  of  eighty-nine  the  year  after  Trafalgar.  In  1800  he  con- 
tributed to  the  first  volume  of  the  HigJiland  and  Agricultural 
Society's  Transactions  a  paper  on  the  Fisheries  of  Scotland.] 

V.  Jane  is  married  to  Mr.  James  Hutchison,  merchant, 
Peterhead,  and  has  one  son  and  five  daughters  [one  of  whom 
married  Thomas  Ferguson,  W.S.  Among  Jane's  descendants 
are  Thomas  Hutchison,  Cults,  Aberdeen,  and  Mrs.  Kane,  who 
resides  in  Captain  William  Ferguson's  old  house,  the  Brae, 

V.  Maro'aret,  William's  second  dauQiiter,  was  married  to 
Alexander  Bruce,  vSupervisor  of  Excise,  and  has  four  sons. 
[Among  her  descendants  were,  and  are,  William  Bruce,  M.D., 
Deputy  Inspector-General  of  Hospitals  and  Fleets  ;  the  Rev. 
Canon  Bruce,  Dunimarle  ;  and  James  Bruce,  W.S.,  Edm- 

V.  Christian,  William's  third  dauo-hter,  remains  unmarried. 

III.  Alexander,  Janet's  youngest  son,  was  a  merchant  in 
Aberdeen.  He,  as  we  have  already  mentioned,  was  married 
to  Margaret  Scott.  He  had  fifteen  children,  of  whom  only  .  .  . 
[Here  ends  the  MS.  written  by  Mr.  Thomas  Ferguson,  W.S. 
The  copy  in  the  handwriting  of  his  son,  James  Ferguson,  con- 
tinues thus.]  .  .  .  He  had  fifteen  children,  of  Avhom  only  one 
son,  Alexander,  and  two  daughters,  Mary  and  Ann,  grew  up. 

IV.  Alexander  (born  1744)  was  a  writer  in  Edinburgh.    He 

married  Jane  Legrand,  of  the  family  of  Bonnington,  and  had 

five  sons  and  four  daughters,  of  whom  there  are  now  alive 

one  son.  Smith  (who  subsequently  died  unmarried),  and  three 

daughters,  Margaret,  Agnes,  and  Jane  (all  unmarried).     One 

of  his  sons,  Edward  Legrand,  was  a  surgeon  in  Edinburgh, 

\it  died  unmarried  (in  1822).  Another,  John,  went  to  Rio 
jj       .  .  . 

f;aneiro,  and  died  unmarried. 

,  III.  Mary,  Alexander's  eldest  sister,  married  James  Black 
in  Aberdeen,  and  had  three  daughters. 


III.  Ann,  lier  sister,  married  [John]  Forbes  [of  Forbesfield], 

Aberdeen,  and  had  three  sons  and daughters.     [Among 

whose  descendants  were,  or  are,  BaiUe  James  Forbes  of 
Aberdeen,  Messrs.  James  and  Alexander  Forbes,  Mr.  John 
Forbes,  Q.C.,  Kecorder  of  Hull,  and  Alexander  Forbes  of 


Inverurie  Fei^gusons,  represented  by  Mr.  George  Ferguson, 
Lumphart,  Aberdeenshire,  and  Rev.  John  Ferguson, 
Dean  of  Moray. 

The  only  other  descendants  of  the  Ferguson  famihes,  so  long 
connected  with  Inverurie,  that  can  be  traced,  are  the  family 
now  represented  by  Mr.  George  Ferguson,  Lumphart,  Aber- 
deenshire, and  his  brother,  the  Very  Reverend  John  Ferguson, 
Dean  of  Moray.  The  precise  connection  between  them  and 
the  families  to  which  the  foregoing  MS.  relates  unfortunately 
cannot  be  given  :  but  Dean  Ferguson  Avrites  that  the  late  Dr. 
Davidson,  parish  minister  of  Inverurie,  with  whom  the  Dean 
had  communicated  after  the  publication  of  Dr.  Davidson's 
work  on  Inverurie  and  the  Earldomi  of  the  Garioch,  informed 
him  that  he  had  succeeded  in  tracing  out  the  connection,  and 
that  it  would  appear  in  a  future  publication,  which  Dr.  David- 
son did  not  live  to  carry  out.  The  Dean's  family  probably 
branched  off  before  the  date  of  the  acquisition  of  Badifurrow, 
but  '  till  within  a  few  years  ago  they  held  land  in  Inverurie — 
the  infeftments  running  back  over  200  years.'  They  were 
tenants  of  the  farm  of  New  Craig,  Daviot,  for  a  very  long 
period,  and  had  a  family  tradition  that  they  were  descended 
from  the  Crichie  Fergusons. 

In  1667  George  Ferguson  was  proprietor  of  lands  on  which 
the  present  Methodist  chapel  of  Inverurie  stands. 

In  1727  John  Ferguson  was  proprietor. 

In  1730  William  Ferguson  in  New  Craig  was  served  heir 
to  his  grandfather,  George  Ferguson,  burgess,  Inverurie. 

In  1744  William  Ferguson  in  New  Craig  was  served  heir 
to  his  father,  William  Ferguson. 

'  My  grandfather,'  writes  Dean  Ferguson,  '  WilHam,  died 
early  in  this  century,  and  probably  succeeded  the  above,  and 
held  the  Inverurie  land.  My  father,  George  Ferguson,  suc- 
ceeded my  grandfather  in  the  farm  of  New  Craig,  but  handed 
it  over  to  a  younger  brother,  whose  son  holds  it  now.  My 
father,  after  he  left  New  Craig  about  1833,  held  the  farm  of 


Mains  of  Mounie,  and  afterwards  that  of  Mains  of  Glaciv, 
where  he  died,  leaving  three  sons — my  elder  brother,  George, 
now  holding  the  farm  of  Lumphart,  and  my  3'ounger  brother, 
living  in  Old  Meldrnm.  All  these  farms  are  in  the  parish  of 

George  Ferguson  has  two  sons  and  four  daughters ;  Dean 
Fero'uson  has  one  son — MacNeill  Ferouson,  now  in  India — and 
three  daughters,  all  married ;  and  William  Ferguson  two 

Descendants  of  Rev.  Jolin  Fergiisson,  Minister  of  Glengairn 
,  in  1651  and  1674. 

'  A  branch  of  the  Fergusons,  which  has  contributed  several 
of  its  members  to  the  learned  professions,  is  that  descended 
from  "  John  Ferries  or  Fergusone,"  A.M.,  minister  of  Glen- 
muick,  Glenofairden,  and  Tullich,  in  Aberdeenshire.  He  took 
his  degree  at  King's  College,  University  of  Aberdeen,  in  1642, 
and  in  the  middle  of  the  seventeenth  century  was  minister  of 
Glengairn  (Fasti  Eccl.  Scot.).  He  married  one  of  the  Erskines 
of  the  family  of  Mar,  and  Erskine  was  retained  as  a  middle 
name  by  his  male  descendants.  Dr.  Andrew  Erskine  Fergusson 
and  Rev.  William  Erskine  Fergusson,  who  were  born  at  the 
beginning  of  the  nineteenth  centur}^ 

'  It  is  interesting,  as  an  example  of  the  persistence  of 
traditions  in  a  family,  that  his  only  surviving  descendant  in 
Great  Britain  who  bore  the  name,  Mrs.  Helen  Fergusson  or 
Wight,  can  vouch  for  the  fact  that  her  ancestor  was  a  good 
preacher  in  Gaelic  ;  that  his  pastorate  was  one  of  great  trouble 
and  personal  danger  owing  to  the  turmoils  of  the  times ;  and 
that  the  minister,  profiting  by  his  own  experience  in  the 
country,  determined  that  any  sons  of  his  should  be  brought 
up  to  a  to-\vn  life  without  a  University  education.  His 
preaching  in  Gaelic  is  confirmed  by  the  fact  that  Gaelic  still 
lingers  in  the  upper  reaches  of  the  Dee,  and  the  Gaelic 
variant  of  the  minister's  own  name  (Ferries)  would  suggest 
that  his  knowledge  of  both  Scots  and  Gaelic  had  been  taken 
into  account  in  appointing  him.  Ample  confirmation  of 
his  descendants'  remembrance  of  the  ditiiculties  besetting-  his 


ministry  "  by  reason  of  the  loose  men  in  the  country,"  may  be 
found  in  the  Fasti  Ecd.  Scot.  Services  had  often  to  be  held 
in  safer  parts  of  the  district,  at  Glemnuick  instead  of  Tullich, 
as  on  3rd  March  1607,  or  at  Crathie  instead  of  Glenmuick,  as 
on  6th  April  1673,  "in  respect  of  the  Micrayes  who  lyes  near 
the  parochin  in  force."  The  pastor  was  not  easily  daunted, 
however ;  for  it  is  recorded  that  he  afterwards  "  catechised  a 
part  of  the  people  of  Micray." 

'  The  minister's  resolve  concerning  the  future  of  his  children 
is  shown  by  the  tact  that,  on  4th  July  1678,  Alexander 
Ferguson,  "  son  to  Mr.  John  Ferguson,  minister  at  Glenmuick," 
is  bound  to  Patrick  Chrystie,  elder,  merchant  in  Aberdeen,  as 
an  apprentice  for  live  years,  and  one  year  for  meat  and  fee. 

'  The  family  throughout  the  eighteenth  century  had  repre- 
sentatives (chiefly  "  Jameses  "  or  "  Johns  ")  among  the  cooper 
burgesses  of  Aberdeen.  This  connection,  however,  was  severed 
when,  towards  the  close  of  the  century,  the  brothers,  John 
and  Andrew  Fergusson,  made  a  departure  in  the  direction  of 
medicine.     John  became  a  druggist ;  Andrew  a  doctor. 

'John  Fergusson  [h.  1768,  d.  1810]  had  a  family  of  seven, 
some  of  whom  died  young.  His  eldest  son,  Andrew  Erskine 
Fergusson,  was  a  medical  o-raduate  of  Marischal  College,  and 
practised  for  long  in  Birse,  Aberdeenshire.  John  Fergusson's 
fourth  child,  William  Erskine  Fergusson,  studied  Arts  at  the 
University  of  St.  Andrews,  and,  besides  other  distinctions, 
was  a  prizeman  in  1820  in  the  class  of  Logic  and  Rhetoric 
under  Professor  Winter.  He  afterwards  studied  divinity,  was 
licensed  as  a  preacher,  and  applied  his  logical  ability  to 
theology  by  writing  The  Layman's  Preservative  against 
Popery,  published  in  Aberdeen  by  George  King  in  1831. 
The  author  subsequently  emigrated  to  America.  In  1860  he 
was  missionary  at  Indian  lands  for  the  Presbytery  of  Glen- 
garry, Canada.  He  settled  subsequently  at  Chesterville  as 
Inspector  of  Schools  for  Co.  Dundas,  and  died  in  1880.  Of 
his  children,  one,  Alexander  Fergusson,  became  a  doctor  in 

'The  fifth  child  of  John  Ferousson,  Helen  Fergusson,  was 
born  in  1808,  and  married  John  Wight,  Woodside,  Aberdeen. 
Their  third   son,  John  Wight,  M.E).,  became  proprietor  of 


Viewfield,  near  Aberdeen,  and  in  1888  bequeathed  several 
thousands  to  the  University  for  medical  bursaries.  Their 
sixth  son,  Alexander  F.  Wight,  is  an  advocate  in  Aberdeen, 
and  laird  of  the  estate  of  Camphill,  Lumphanan,  on  Deeside. 
Their  fifth  child,  Sarah  Fergusson  Wight;  married  in  1865 
William  Duff,  brassfounder,  Dundee ;  and  her  son  and 
daughter,  John  Wight  Duff  and  Williamina  Fergusson  Duff, 
are  the  only  representatives  among  the  younger  generation 
of  this  whole  family  of  Fergussons.  Mr.  J.  W.  Duff  is  a 
graduate  of  Aberdeen  and  of  Oxford,  and  an  alumnus  of 
Leipzig;  he  acted  for  two  years  as  Assistant-Professor  of 
Greek  in  Aberdeen,  and  is  Professor  of  Classics  in  the  Durham 
University  College  of  Science,  Newcastle. 

'  Returning  to  Dr.  Andrew  Fergusson,  senior,  who  practised 
in  Aberdeen  in  the  earlier  part  of  the  century,  we  find  him 
mentioned  by  Smiles,  in  his  Life  of  a  Scotch  Naturalist 
(1876  ed.,  p.  45),  as  the  doctor  who  encouraged  the  youthful 
Thomas  Edward  in  his  biological  tastes  by  23urchasmg  the 
boy's  specimens.  "  Big  grubs,  piebald  snakes,  dragonflies,  and 
yellow  puddocks,"  so  lovingly  collected  by  "  Tam,"  found  a 
market  at  Dr.  Fergusson's  dispensary  in  the  Green.  When 
the  doctor  retired  from  practice,  he  removed  to  London  to 
pursue  a  taste  for  painting  which  he  possessed.  He  died  at 
Kentish  Town,  November  24th,  1851. 

'  Dr.  Fergusson's  eldest  son  graduated  at  Edinburgh,  and 
became  rector  of  Rutger's  College,  New  Brunswick,  and 
latterly  superintendent  of  public  schools  at  Lockport,  State 
of  New  York.  He  was  a  noted  chess-player,  and  died  in  his 
84th  year  in  1888. 

'  The  second  son  of  Dr.  Fergusson,  Andrew,  became  a  doctor 
in  the  army,  and  succumbed  to  yellow  fever  at  Kingston, 
Jamaica.  He  had  married  an  Irish  lady,  and  his  son, 
Bingham  Fergusson,  was,  until  a  comparatively  recent  date, 
proprietor  of  Dunmarklyn,  co.  Cork,  Ireland.' 

{Contributed  by  Professor  J.  Wight  Duff, 



Eobert  Fergiisson  was  born  in  Edinburgh  on  the  5th  day 
of  September  1750.  His  father,  WiUiam  Fergusson,  a  clerk 
in  the  service  of  the  British  Linen  Company,  originally  came 
from  Tarland  in  Aberdeenshire.  His  mother,  Elizabeth,  was 
the  youngest  daughter  of  John  Forbes,  tacksman  of  Templeton, 
Hillockhead,  and  Wellhead  of  Kildrummy,  Aberdeenshire, 
a  cadet  of  the  family  of  Tolquhon.     Young  Fergusson  was  a 


somewhat  delicate  child,  and  was  not  sent  to  school  until  he 
was  seven  years  old.  His  mother,  however,  had  begun  his 
education  at  home,  and  after  six  months'  tuition  under  Mr. 
Philp,  in  Niddry's  Wynd,  he  entered  the  first  Latin  class  of 
the  High  School.  At  this  time  his  inquiring  turn  of  mind 
was  often  puzzling  to  his  elders.  It  is  told  that  when  about 
eight  years  of  age  he  was  much  given  to  poring  over  the 


Bible,  and  the  Book  of  Proverbs  appeared  to  be  a  special 
favourite.  One  day  lie  came  to  his  mother  in  tears  and 
asked  her  to  '  whip  him.'  Such  an  unusual  request  demanded 
an  explanation,  which  was  given  by  the  little  fellow,  who 
sobbed  out,  '  0  mother !  he  that  spareth  the  rod  hateth  the 
child.'  After  four  years'  study  at  the  High  School  he  passed 
to  the  Dundee  Grammar  School,  whence,  at  the  age  of  four- 
teen, he  proceeded  to  the  University,  of  St.  Andrews.  His 
father  had  obtained  for  him,  through  Lord  Findlater,  a  pre- 
sentation Fergusson  Bursary,  which  had  been  founded  by  the 
Rev.  David  Fergusson,  minister  of  Strathmartine,  and  which 
entitled  him  to  a  free  course  in  the  Faculty  of  Arts  The 
four  years  he  spent  in  this  ideal  University  city  were,  doubt- 
less, the  happiest  in  his  brief  life.  His  poetic  temperament 
and  amiable  disposition  made  him  somewhat  regardless  of 
hard  study,  but  a  distinct  favourite  Avith  both  students  and 
professors.  John  Hogg,  the  College  porter,  in  whose  memory 
he  penned  a  pithy  Elegy,  spoke  of  young  Fergusson  as  a 
'  tricky  callant,'  but '  a  fine  laddie  for  a'  that.'  On  one  occasion 
he  undertook,  for  a  wager,  the  7'ule  of  a  street  ballad-singer, 
a  character  for  which  his  tuneful  voice  rendered  him  well 
fitted.  In  his  elegy  upon  John  Hogg  he  refers  to  those 
student  days : — 

'  Say,  ye  red-gowns,  that  aften  here 
Hae  toasted  cakes  to  Katie's  beer, 
Gin  e'er  thir  days  hae  had  their  peer, 

Sae  blithe,  sae  daft ; 
Ye  '11  ne'er  again  in  life's  career 
Sit  half  sae  saft.' 

During  his  undergrachiate  days  Fergusson  indulged  his 
poetic  genius  principally  in  composing  skits  at  the  College 
authorities.  His  studies,  however,  were  not  neglected  although 
he  held  frequent  intercourse  with  the  '  nine  faire  ladyes  that 
dwelle  on  y  fok'cl  hille  ' ;  but  unfortunately  all  these  occasional 
pieces  have  perished  except  his  '  Elegy  on  the  Death  of 
Gregory.'  Besides  being  a  good  classical  scholar  he  was  also 
proticient  in  Mathematics,  and  must  have  attended  to  the 
work  of  the  Natural  Philosophy  class,  as  he  enjoyed  the 
esteem  and  regard  of  Professor  "Wilkie,  to  whose  memory  he 


wrote  an  Eclogue.  At  the  close  of  session  1767-68  lie  left 
St.  Andrews,  '  and  like  Cowper  on  leaving  Olney,  he  inscribed 
his  name  behind  the  window-shutter  of  a  small  back  room 
in  the  College.' 

His  father  died  in  1767,  and  so  the  young  poet  returned  to 
Edinburgh  to  his  widowed  mother.  The  circumstances  of 
the  family  were  at  this  time  rather  narrow,  and  the  pressure 
of  poverty  was  making  itself  felt.  Robert  had  to  abandon 
his  thoughts  of  entering  the  ministry  and  turn  his  abilities 
to  some  practical  use.  With  this  object  in  view  he  went  to 
Aberdeen  to  his  uncle,  John  Forbes,  hoping  through  his 
influence  to  find  some-  suitable  employment.  With  this 
relative  he  stayed  about  six  months,  but  the  object  of  his 
visit  seemed  no  nearer  realisation,  and  Avlien  the  rude 
Aberdonian  taunted  him  upon  his  idleness  and  threadbare 
appearance,  the  high-strung  nephew,  filled  with  indignation, 
quitted  his  house  and  set  out  on  foot  for  Edinburgh.  The 
result  of  this  dispiriting  journey  was  a  severe  illness,  which 
told  heavily  upon  his  delicate  constitution.  On  his  recovery 
he  wrote  the  poem  on  '  The  Decay  of  Friendship,'  which  is 
the  only  instance  of  repining  at  the  hardness  of  his  fate.  He 
assumes  the  pastoral  guise  of  Damon,  and  laments  that 

'  No  healing  slumbers  tend  my  humble  bed, 
No  friends  condole  the  sorrows  of  the  poor. 

'  And  what  avail  the  thoughts  of  former  joy  ! 
What  comfort  bring  they  in  the  adverse  hour  ! 
Can  they  the  canker-worm  of  care  destroy, 
Or  brighten  fortune's  discontented  lour  ? ' 

Back  in  Edinburgh  Fergusson  found  employment  as  an 
engrossing  clerk  with  Mr.  Charles  Abercromby,  then  Com- 
missary-Clerk. The  drudgery  of  otfice-Avork  was  little  cal- 
culated to  soothe  the  fine  feelings  of  a  budding  poet,  but 
poverty  made  it  a  necessity.  He  also  spent  two  or  three 
months  at  the  Sheriff-Clerk's  office.  The  monotony  of 
clerking  must  have  been  distasteful  to  him,  and  one  can 
hardly  wonder  that  he  found  congenial  surroundings  in 
certain  taverns  in  the  society  of  several  players  and  musicians, 
whose  acquaintance  he  had  made.  He  had  even  little  time 
to  devote  to  poetical  pursuits,  and  the  fruits  of  his  genius 


exhibit  haste  and  lack  of  finish.  Fergusson  seems  to  have 
been  anxious  to  get  to  the  end  of  whatever  he  had  on  hand, 
and  did  not  trouble  about  careful  revision.  This  is  seen  in 
the  most  artistic  of  his  poems,  '  The  Farmer's  Ingle.'  From 
1771  to  his  death,  four  years  later,  he  produced  the  most  of 
the  pieces  which  now  form  his  Avorks.  At  this  time  (1771) 
he  contributed  a  number  of  English  poems  to  Ruddiman's 
Weekly  Magazine  of  Edinburgh  Ainusemfient,  among  his  first 
pieces  being  the  pastorals,  '  Morning,  Noon,  and  Night.' 
Notwithstanding  the  commendatory  notice  which  preceded 
these,  our  poet's  English  poems  are  much  inferior  to  those  in 
Scots.  The  poet  was  far  from  pleased  himself  with  such 
pieces,  and  felt  that  the  stirrings  of  his  soul  could  only  find 
adequate  exjDression  in  his  native  Doric. 

'  The  conviviality  of  club-life  after  business  hours,'  says  J. 
Logic  Robertson,  '  was  the  rule  in  Edinburgh  all  through  the 
latter  half  of  last  century ;  and  the  mysteries  of  Hy-jinks,  as 
elaborately  described  by  Ramsay  and  dramatically  presented 
by  Scott,  were  in  general  and  almost  of  nightly  practice 
among  citizens  of  every  grade  and  degree  of  respectability. 
And  yet  poor  Fergusson,  because,  falling  in  with  the  universal 
custom,  he  had  the  misfortune  to  succumb  to  it — partly  from 
a  generous  excess  of  social  symj)athies,  and  partly  from  a  too 
delicate  constitution — has  been  held  up  to  point  the  moral 
as  a  principal  sinner  and  a  prime  offender.  He  certainly 
paid  more  dearly  for  his  indulgence,  but  it  is  questionable  if 
he  was  any  worse  than  hundreds  of  respectable  citizens  of 
the  time.  He  was  a  dutiful  son,  an  afit'ectionate  brother,  and, 
in  the  words  of  a  correspondent  of  Burns  who  knew  him  well, 
"  an  inestimable  friend,  whose  rich  conversation,  full  fancy, 
and  felicitous  manner  made  him  much  sought  after."  A 
volume  of  his  poems,  first  collected  and  published  in  1773, 
came  into  the  hands  of  the  youthful  Burns,  and  won  for 
Fergusson's  memory,  from  the  greatest  genius  and  warmest 
heart  of  his  country,  a  wreath  of  mingled  admiration,  love, 
and  regret.'  ^ 

The  publication  of  his  poems  drew  the  attention  of  the 

^  For  Puir  Auld  Scotlancrs  Sake,  by  Hugh  Haliburton.  Edinburgh  : 
W.  Paterson,  1887. 


reading  public,  and  the  good  folk  of  Edinburgh  gladly  wel- 
comed tlie  pieces  which  came  from  his  pen.  His  personal 
qualities — good-nature,  vivacity,  sincerity,  strong  intellect — 
made  him  a  favourite  with  many.  Outside  the  capital  many 
people  of  standing  took  an  interest  in  the  young  poet,  and 
we  tind  hun  a  s^uest  at  Broomhouse,  North  Belton,  and 

There  are  many  stories  told  of  innocent  escapades  in  which 
he  indulged  to  the  great  enjoyment  of  his  companions.  His 
impulsive  nature  led  him  further  than  he  should  have  gone 
with  such  a  dehcate  constitution,  and  his  free  and  easy  life 
told  upon  his  health.  He  began  also  to  turn  his  mind  to 
religion,  and  to  lament  the  many  follies  of  which  he  had  been 
guilty.  His  unpublished  mss.  were  committed  to  the  flames, 
while  he  consoled  himself  with  the  reflection,  '  that  the  only 
consolation  which  the  recollection  of  his  poetry  aftbrded  him 
was,  that  it  never  had  been  prostituted  to  the  service  of  vice 
or  irreligion.'  Among  his  attentive  friends  at  this  period  of 
gloom  was  the  Rev.  Dr.  Erskine  of  Grey  friars.  His  mind 
became  deranged,  and  the  last  months  of  his  short  life  are 
too  painful  to  be  dwelt  upon.  It  is  a  sad  story.  He  died  in 
Darien  House,  to  which  such  unfortunate  cases  as  his  were 
sent,  on  the  16th  October  1774,  having  only  shortly  com- 
pleted his  twenty-fourth  year.  His  remains  were  interred  in 
the  Canongate  Churchyard.  To  his  grave  Robert  Burns 
came,  long  after,  to  pay  his  tribute  to  the  genius  of  his  '  elder 
brother  in  the  muses.'  He  found  only  the  '  green  mound 
and  the  scattered  gowans,'  and  was  moved  to  tears  as  he 
thought  of  the  young  life  of  promise  cut  off  in  the  morning 
of  its  existence.  Burns  erected  a  plain,  touching  tombstone 
in  memory  of  his  brother  poet,  and  inscribed  it  with  the 
well-known  epitaph : — 

'  No  sculptur'd  marble  here,  nor  pompous  lay, 
No  storied  urn,  nor  animated  bust  ! 
This  simple  stone  directs  pale  Scotia's  way 
To  pour  her  sorrows  o'er  her  poet's  dust.' 

The  inscription  runs  : — '  By  special  grant  of  the  Managers  to 
Robert  Burns, — who  erected  this  stone, — this  burial-place  is 
ever  to  remain  sacred  to  the  memory  of  Robert  Fergusson.' 


The  names  of  Burns  and  Fergusson  are  thus  Knked  together, 
and  the  admiration  of  the  former  for  '  the  glorious  dawning' 
of  the  latter's  genius  was  not  more  pronounced  nor  less 
sfenuine  than  his  heartfelt  regret  for  his  unfortunate  end. 


Few  biographies  are  so  full  of  interest  as  that  of  James 
Ferguson.     The  son  of  humble  parents,  he  rose,  by  means  of 


the  native  genius  of  his  character,  to  be  one  of  Britain's 
most  famous  experimental  philosophers  and  astronomers. 
Shortly  before  his  death  he  wrote  his  autobiography,  which  is 
such  a  beautiful  example  of  simplicity  and  frankness  that  we 
cannot  do  better  than  give  part  of  it  here. 

'  I  was  born  in  the  year  1710,  a  few  miles  from  Keith,  a 
little  village  in  Banffshire,  in  the  north  of  Scotland;  and 
can  with  pleasure  say  that  my  parents,  though  poor,  were 


religious  and  honest ;  lived  in  good  repute  with  all  who  knew 
them  ;  and  died  with  good  characters. 

'  As  my  father  had  nothing  to  support  a  large  family  but 
his  daily  labour,  and  the  protlts  arising  from  a  few  acres  of 
land  which  he  rented,  it  was  not  to  be  expected  that  he  could 
bestow  much  on  the  education  of  his  children :  yet  they  were 
not  neglected ;  for,  at  his  leisure  hours,  he  taught  them  to 
read  and  write.  And  it  was  while  he  was  teaching  my  elder 
brother  to  read  the  Scottish  Catechism  that  I  acquired  my 
reading.  Ashamed  to  ask  my  father  to  instruct  me,  I  used, 
when  he  and  my  brother  were  abroad,  to  take  the  Catechism, 
and  study  the  lesson  which  he  had  been  teaching  my  brother ; 
and  when  any  difficulty  occurred,  I  went  to  a  neighbouring 
old  woman,  who  gave  me  such  help  as  enabled  me  to  read 
tolerably  well  before  my  father  had  thought  of  teaching  me. 
Some  time  after,  he  was  agreeably  surprised  to  find  me  read- 
ing by  myself:  he  thereupon  gave  me  further  instruction, 
and  also  taught  me  to  write ;  which,  with  about  three  months 
I  afterwards  had  at  the  Grammar  School  at  Keith,  was  all 
the  education  I  ever  received. 

'  My  taste  for  mechanics  arose  from  an  odd  accident. 
When  about  seven  or  eight  years  of  age,  a  part  of  the  roof  of 
the  house  being  decayed,  my  father,  desirous  of  mending  it, 
apphed  a  prop  and  lever  to  an  upright  spar  to  raise  it  to  its 
former  situation ;  and  to  my  great  astonishment  I  saw  him, 
without  considering  the  reason,  lift  up  the  ponderous  roof  as 
if  it  had  been  a  small  weight.  I  attributed  this  at  first  to  a 
degree  of  strength  that  excited  my  terror  as  well  as  wonder  : 
but  thinkino-  further  of  the  matter,  I  recollected  that  he  had 
applied  his  strength  to  that  end  of  the  lever  which  was 
furthest  from  the  prop,  and  finding  on  enquiry,  that  this  was 
the  means  whereby  the  seeming  wonder  was  effected,  I  began 
making  levers  (which  I  then  called  bars) ;  and  by  applying 
weights  to  them  different  ways,  I  found  the  power  gained  by 
my  bar  was  just  in  proportion  to  the  lengths  of  the  different 
parts  of  the  bar  on  either  side  of  the  prop.  I  then  thought 
it  was  a  great  pity  that,  by  means  of  this  bar,  a  weight  could 
be  raised  but  a  very  little  way.  On  this  I  soon  imagined 
that  by  pnlling  round  a  Avheel,  the  weight  might  be  raised  to 


any  height  by  tying  a  rope  to  the  weight,  and  winding  the 
rope  round  the  axle  of  the  wheel,  and  that  the  power  gained 
must  be  just  as  great  as  the  wheel  was  broader  than  the 
axle  was  thick ;  and  found  it  to  be  exactly  so,  by  hanging 
one  weight  to  a  rope  put  round  the  wheel  and  another  to 
the  rope  that  coiled  round  the  axle.  So  that  in  these  two 
machines  it  appeared  very  plain  that  their  advantage  was 
as  great  as  the  space  gone  through  by  the  working  power 
exceeded  the  space  gone  through  by  the  weight.  And  this 
property  1  also  thought  must  take  place  in  a  wedge  for 
cleaving  wood ;  but  then  I  happened  not  to  think  of  the 

The  young  mechanic  wrote  out  a  short  account  of  these 
machines,  sketching  figures  of  them  with  a  pen,  thinking 
that  it  was  a  fresh  discovery  he  had  made.  A  friend  pointed 
out  that  it  had  all  been  discovered  before,  and  gave  him  a 
book  upon  mechanics,  which  proved  of  great  service  to  the 
ardent  learner.  At  this  time  James  was  sent  by  his  father 
to  herd  sheep,  and  it  was  while  engaged  in  this  occupation 
that  he  began  to  study  the  stars. 

'  I  then  went  to  serve  a  considerable  farmer  in  the  neigh- 
bourhood, whose  name  was  James  Glashan.  I  found  him 
very  kind  and  indulgent ;  but  he  soon  observed  that  in  the 
evenings,  when  my  work  was  over,  I  went  into  a  field  with  a 
blanket  about  me,  lay  down  on  my  back,  and  stretched  a 
thread  with  small  beads  upon  it,  at  arm's-length,  between  my 
eye  and  the  stars,  sliding  the  beads  upon  it  till  they  hid 
such  and  such  stars  from  my  eye,  in  order  to  take  their 
apparent  distances  from  one  another,  and  then  laying  the 
thread  down  on  a  paper  I  marked  the  stars  thereon  by  the 
beads,  according  to  their  respective  positions,  having  a  candle 
by  me.  My  master  at  first  laughed  at  me,  but  when  I 
explained  my  meaning  to  him,  he  encouraged  me  to  go  on ; 
and  that  I  might  make  fair  copies  in  the  daytime  of  what 
I  had  done  in  the  night  he  often  worked  for  me  himself  I 
shall  always  have  a  respect  for  the  memory  of  that  man.' 

The  Rev.  John  Gilchrist,  minister  of  Keith,  to  whom  the 
young  shepherd  had  been  sent  with  a  message,  on  seeing  his 
star  papers  gave  him  some  further  information  about  the 


shape  of  the  earth  and  the  use  of  maps.  From  this  gentle- 
man he  obtained  maps  to  copy,  in  which  work  he  was  greatly 
assisted  by  his  master,  who  often  took  the  threshing-flail  out 
of  his  hands  and  worked  himself,  while  the  young  astronomer 
was  busy  with  compasses,  ruler,  and  pen. 

Through  his  friend  the  minister,  young  Ferguson  was 
introduced  to  Thomas  Grant,  Esq.,  of  Achoynaney,  whose 
butler,  Cantley,  was  a  bit  of  a  mathematical  genius.  Mr. 
Grant  offered  to  take  James  Ferguson  to  live  with  him  in 
order  that  he  might  receive  the  benefit  of  his  butler's  tuition. 
This  he  agreed  to  do  on  completing  his  term  of  service  with 
his  present  master.  This  butler  was  no  ordinary  servant,  as 
may  be  seen  from  the  astronomer's  autobiography,  in  which 
he  says,  '  Mr.  Cantley,  the  butler,  soon  became  my  friend, 
and  continued  so  till  his  death.  He  was  the  most  extra- 
ordinary man  that  I  ever  was  acquainted  with,  or  perhaps 
ever  shall  see,  for  he  was  a  complete  master  of  arithmetic,  a 
good  mathematician,  a  master  of  music  on  every  known 
instrument  except  the  harp,  understood  Latin,  French,  and 
Greek,  let  blood  extremely  well,  and  could  even  prescribe 
as  a  physician  upon  any  urgent  occasion.  He  was  what 
is  generally  called  self-taught,  but  I  think  he  might  with 
much  greater  propriety  have  been  termed  God  Almighty's 

Under  this  well-qualified  instructor  he  made  rapid  progress 
in  decimal  arithmetic,  algebra,  and  geometry.  At  this  time, 
when  he  was  becoming  proficient,  his  teacher,  to  his  inex- 
23ressible  grief,  left  Mr.  Grant  and  went  to  the  Earl  of  Fife's, 
Avhich  was  several  miles  away,  and  young  Ferguson,  though 
pressed  to  stay,  returned  to  his  father's  house.  The  butler 
on  leaving  presented  him  with  a  copy  of  Gordon's  Geo- 
graphical Grammar,  which  was  greatly  treasured  by  him. 
'  There  is  no  figure  of  a  globe  in  it,  although  it  contains  a 
tolerable  description  of  the  globes  and  their  use.  From  this 
description  I  made  a  globe  in  three  weeks  at  my  father's, 
having  turned  the  ball  thereof  out  of  a  piece  of  wood,  which 
ball  I  covered  with  paper,  and  delineated  a  map  of  the  world 
upon  it,  made  the  meridian  ring  and  horizon  of  wood,  covered 
them  with  paper  and  graduated  them ;  and  was  happy  to 


find  that  by  my  globe,  which  was  the  first  1  ever  saw,  I  could 
solve  the  problems.' 

He  had,  however,  to  think  of  his  bread  and  butter,  and  so 
eno-asfed  himself  to  a  miller,  thinkino-  he  would  have  some 
spare  time  for  study.  But  the  miller,  who  was  too  fond  of 
tippling  at  an  alehouse,  left  him  to  do  all  the  work,  and 
almost  starved  him  into  the  bargain.  At  the  end  of  a  year  he 
returned  hoine  in  a  weak  state  of  health.  After  recovering 
strength,  he  went  to  serve  Avith  a  doctor  who  was  also  a 
farmer,  expecting  to  get  some  insight  into  the  practice  of 
physic,  but  in  this  he  was  disappointed.  He  was  kept  so 
hard  at  work  that  his  health  again  failed,  and  after  three 
months  he  was  obliged  to  leave  in  a  very  infirm  condition. 
While  in  this  state  he  turned  his  attention  to  the  mechanism 
of  timepieces  and  made  a  wooden  clock,  which  kept  time 
fairly  well.  Sir  James  Dunbar  of  Durn,  seeing  the  mechanical 
genius  of  the  youth,  employed  him  to  clean  his  clocks,  and 
at  such  work  he  was  able  for  a  time  to  make  some  money, 

'  During  the  time,'  he  says,  '  I  was  at  Sir  James's  hospitable 
house,  his  sister,  the  Honourable  Lady  Dipple,  came  there  on 
a  visit,  and  Sir  James  introduced  me  to  her.  She  asked  me 
whether  I  could  draw  patterns  for  needlework  on  aprons  and 
gowns.  On  showing  me  some,  I  undertook  the  work,  and 
drew  several  for  her ;  some  of  which  were  copied  from  her 
patterns,  and  the  rest  I  did  according  to  my  own  fancy.  On 
this  I  was  sent  for  by  other  ladies  in  the  country,  and  began 
to  think  myself  growing  very  rich  by  the  money  I  got  for 
such  drawings,  out  of  which  I  had  the  pleasure  of  occasionally 
supplying  the  wants  of  my  poor  father.' 

At  the  same  time  he  did  not  neglect  his  astronomical 
studies ;  but  this  gift  of  drawing  became  the  turning-point  in 
his  career.  Through  the  influence  of  Lady  Dipple  he  was 
sent  to  Edinburgh  to  receive  instruction  in  the  art  of  por- 
trait painting,  and  he  followed  this  new  profession  for  twenty- 
six  years  with  considerable  success.^ 

The  following  reference  in  a  letter  from  Horace  Walpole  to 
Ferguson  the  Astronomer's  paintings  (or  possibly  to  some  of 
W.  Gouw  Ferguson's)  is  interesting  : — 

^  For  specimens  of  his  portraits  see  pp.  268,  269,  and  271. 


On  February  21st,  1764,  the  author  of  Royal  and  Noble 
Authors  wrote  to  Rev.  Henry  Zouch  : — 

'  You  are  exceedingly  obliging,  sir,  to  offer  me  one  of  your 
Fergusons.  I  thank  you  for  it  as  I  ought ;  but  in  truth  I  have 
more  pictures  than  room  to  place  them.' 

During  his  two  years'  stay  in  Edinburgh,  Ferguson  '  took 
a  violent  inclination  to  study  anatomy,  surgery,  and  physic, 
all  from  reading  of  books,  and  conversing  with  gentlemen  on 
these  subjects.'  This  turn  in  his  studies  led  him  to  think  of 
becoming  a  doctor.  On  revisiting  his  father,  however,  he 
found  the  practice  of  physic  did  not  become  a  paying  one  in 
his  hands,  and  so  he  once  more  returned  to  his  favourite 
subject  of  astronomy.  Having  discovered  the  cause  of 
eclipses,  he  drew  up  a  scheme  to  show  the  motions  and 
places  of  the  sun  and  moon  in  the  ecliptic  on  each  day  of  the 
year.  This  Astronomical  Rotula,  on  being  submitted  to  Pro- 
fessor Maclaurin,  Edinburgh,  won  for  him  the  assistance  and 
friendship  of  that  gentleman.  In  the  beginning  of  1743  he 
made  a  very  neat  orrery,  of  which  all  the  wheels  w^ere  of 
ivory,  and  in  May  of  that  year  he  took  it  with  him  to  London, 
and  sold  it  to  Sir  Dudley  Rider. 

Ferguson  was  soon  brought  into  public  notice  by  the  Presi- 
dent of  the  Royal  Society.  In  1747  he  published  a  disserta- 
tion on  the  phenomena  of  the  harvest  moon,  with  the 
description  of  a  new  orrery,  in  which  there  are  only  four 
wheels.  Next  year  he  began  to  deliver  public  lectures,  and 
amongst  his  hearers  was  King  George  iii.,  then  a  boy.  Re- 
garding some  of  the  astronomical  machines  which  he  made 
he  says:  '  The  best  machine  I  ever  contrived  is  the  eclipsareon, 
of  which  there  is  a  figure  in  the  thirteenth  plate  of  my 
Astronoviy.  It  shows  the  time,  quantity,  duration,  and  pro- 
gress of  solar  eclipses  at  all  parts  of  the  earth.  My  next 
best  contrivance  is  the  universal  dialing  cylinder,  of  which 
there  is  a  figure  in  the  eighth  plate  of  the  supplement  to  my 
Mechanical  Lectures.' 

He  was  soon  elected  a  Fellow  of  the  Royal  Society,  the 
usual  fees  in  his  case  being  remitted.     He   died   on  16th 

1  Hist.  MS.  Com.,  13tli  Report,  App.  Part  vii. 


November  1776.  In  his  whole  career  he  presents  a  wonder- 
ful instance  of  unwearied  application  to  study,  a  benevolent 
and  meek  disposition,  simple  urbanity  of  manner,  and  a 
gentle  Christian  piety.  Mr.  Capel  Leoft  in  his  '  Eudosia,  a 
Poem  on  the  Universe,'  thus  writes  of  the  astronomer  : — 

'  Nor  shall  thy  guidance  not  conduct  our  feet, 
0  honoured  shepherd  of  our  later  days  ! 
Thee,  from  the  flocks,  while  thy  untutored  soul, 
Mature  in  childhood,  traced  the  starry  course, 
Astronomy,  enamoured,  gently  led 
Through  all  the  splendid  labyrinths  of  heaven, 
And  taught  thee  her  stupendous  laws  ;  and  clothed 
In  all  the  light  of  fair  simplicity, 
Thy  apt  expression.' 

It  was  truly  said  of  him — '  He  was  a  man  of  a  very  clear 
judgment  in  anything  that  he  professed,  and  of  unwearied 
application  to  study ;  benevolent,  meek,  and  innocent  in  his 
manners  as  a  child  ;  humble,  courteous,  and  communicative  ; 
instead  of  pedantry,  philosophy  seemed  to  produce  in  him 
only  diffidence  and  urbanity — a  love  for  mankind,  and  for 
his  Maker.' 

The  following  are  the  notices  in  the  Fasti  Scoticanm 
Ecclesice  of  Fergusons  who  have  been  parish  ministers  in 
Aberdeenshire  : — 

Crathie  and  Braemar. 

16 — .  Alexander  Ferries  or  Fersfuson,  adm.  before  1st 
November  1633 :  he  was  recommended  to  Parliament,  by  the 
30th  July  1649,  for  the  reparation  of  his  losses,  by  whom  an 
act  was  passed  in  his  favour  the  day  following :  continued 
21st  October  1662.  He  married  Christian  Auchterlony,  who 
was  alive  in  1671,  and  had  a  daughter  Agnes,  who  married 
James  Farquharson  of  Inverey. — [Spalding  Miscel.  iii. ;  Reg. 
Old  Dec. ;  Kirk  Pap. ;  Acts  of  Ass.  and  Pari.  vi. ;  Syn.  and 
Test.  Reg.  (St.  And.) ;  Douglas's  Baronage.] 

1700.  Adam  Fergussone,  A.M.,  descended  from  the  house  of 
Dunfallandy;  educated  at  the  parish  school  of  Weem;  obtained 


his  degree  at  the  University  of  St.  Andrews,  22nd  July  1693  ; 
licensed  by  the  Presbytery,  24th  July  (the  first  on  the 
record)  1700;  called  by  them  jure  devoluto  11th,  and 
ordained  25th  September  same  year;  translated  to  Logierait 
in  1714. — [Act.  Beet.  Univ.  St.  And.:  Presb.  Skye  Fresh,  and 
Syn.  Reg. ;  Fergussons  Tracts ;  Assembly  Fapers ;  Lee's 
Memorial;  Chambers's  Biogr.  Diet,  ii;  New  Stat.  Ace.  xii.] 

Glenonuick,  Glengairden,  and  Tullich. 

16 — .  John  Ferries  or  Fergusone,  A.M.,  obtained  his  degree 
at  the  University  and  King's  College,  Aberdeen,  in  1642; 
adm.  previous  to  21st  October  1651.  He  preached  at  Glen- 
muick  instead  of  Tullich,  3rd  March  1667,  '  by  reason  of  the 
loose  men  in  the  country,' and  16th  March  1673,  'because 
of  the  extremitie  of  the  waters  of  Muick  and  Dee.'  The 
communion  should  have  been  celebrated  7th  April  1672,  but 
was  stopped  through  the '  stormie  day,  and  through  the  trouble 
in  the  country  by  Highlanders.'  His  turn  of  supply  falling  to 
Glenmuick,  6th  April  1673,  the  minister  '  preached  at  Crathie 
in  respect  of  the  Micrayes  who  lyes  near  the  parochin  in  force,' 
and  afterwards  '  catechised  a  part  of  the  people  of  Micray ' : 
continued  22nd  June  1681. — [Fasti  Aberd.  Syn.  and  Sess. 
Beg. ;  Reg.  Old  Dec.  ii.,  etc. 

1869.  Neiv  PitsUgo  (Deer)  q.s.  John  M'Gregor  Fergus- 
son,  A.M. 


1364.  Confirmation  by  David  ii.  of  a  charter  by  Thomas,  Earl 
of  Mar,  'Egoni  filio  Fergusii,'  of  the  lands  of  Huchtirerne,  in 

At  Kildrummy,  9th  Sept.,  in  the  thirty-sixth  year  of  the  king's 
reign. — (Beg.  Mag.  Sig.,  fol.  vol.) 

1465.  Robert  Ferguson,  vicar  of  Logie  (Coldstone),  a  witness 
to  a  charter  of  Henry  Forbes  of  Kinellar. — (Sp.  Club,  Ant.  of  Ah. 
and  Banff,  iii.  241,  and  iv.  401.) 


1494.  Alexander  of  Fergussoun  appears  as  sub-tenant  of  John 
of  Gordoun  in  the  lands  of  Kindrochit,  in  the  barony  of  Kynedwart. 
— (Sp.  Club,  Ant.  of  Ah.  and  Banff,  ii.  393.) 

1507.  John  Uchtirarne  retoured  as  heir-male  '  quondam  Egonis 
Fergusone,  domini  de  Ouchtirarne.' — (Sp.  Club,  Ant.  of  Ah.  and 
Banff,  ii.  12.) 

1506-7.  Charter  by  the  king  to  the  daughters  of  John  Ochtirarn 
and  their  husbands,  John  Skene  and  Alexander  Coutts,  of  the  lands 
of  Auchtirarn,  with  the  Black  Mill,  '  que  regi  pertinere  direte  sunt 
tanquam  comiti  de  Mar  et  ultimo  heredi,  ex  eo  quod,  date  fuerunt 
per  quond.  Thomam  com.  de  Mar  quond.  Egoni  filio  Fergusio  et 
heredibus  masculis  ejus  de  corpore  legitimis  procreatis,  et  nullus 
ejusdem  heres  masc.  superfuit  coguitus.' 

Edinburgh,  18  Feb.  1506-7.— (i^e^.  Mag.  Sig.  3063  and  3064.) 

7th  August  1594.  Bond  by  William  Douglas  of  Glenbervie  for 
William  Fowlair  and  James  Mowat,  not  to  harm  certain  burgesses 
and  inhabitants  of  Inrowrie,  including  Robert,  James,  James 
(elder),  and  Thomas  Fergus. — {P.O.  Pisg.  v.,  p.  631.) 

8th  July  1600.  Confirmation  of  a  charter  by  which  Thomas 
Mezies  de  Durne  sold  to  David  Fergussoun,  burgess  of  Aberdeen, 
and  Marjorie  Buchan,  his  spouse,  in  liferent,  and  George  Fergus- 
soun, son  of  the  said  David,  in  fee,  the  lands  of  Kirkhill,  in  the 
parish  of  Nigg,  Kincardineshire. — {Reg.  Mag.  Sig.) 

1609.  Action  by  William  Fergus,  burgess  of  Inverurie,  and 
others,  against  James  Arbuthnot,  apparent  of  Lentusche,  for  re- 
maining unrelaxed  from  a  horning  of  24th  June  1606,  for  not 
finding  caution  for  their  indemnity. — (P.O.  Peg.  viii.) 

1610.  William  Fergus  and  others  in  Invei'urie  are  given 
caution  for  'to  answer  before  the  Council  on  26th  July  next  to 
the  complaint  of  Johne  Mortimer,  burgess  of  Aberdeen,  for  their 
alleged  pursuing  him  with  hagbuts  and  pistolets  for  his  life.' — 
{P.O.  Peg.  ix.) 

1610.  They  were  put  to  the  horn  for  not  answering,  but  the 
said  horning  was  suspended  at  their  instance. — {P.C.  Peg.  ix.) 

July  1610.      Complaint   of  assault   against  Walter  Fergus  i 
Enrowrie. — (P.C.  Peg.  xi.  p.  64.)  ^ 


30  Jan.  1619.  Confirmation  of  a  charter  to  John  Urquhart  of 
Craigfintry  in  h'ferent,  and  Patrick  Urquhart,  his  son,  of  Lethintie, 
which  M.  Duncan  Forbes,  formerly  of  Lethintie,  then  of  Bahiagask, 
and  John  F.,  his  eldest  son,  with  consent  of  Marjorie  Fergusone, 
his  spouse,  had  resigned  in  fulfilment  of  a  contract  made  at  Aber- 
deen on  13th  Nov.  1618.— (i^e^r.  Mag.  Sig.,  vi.  2046.) 

March  14,  1637.  Georgius  Fergussoun  heres  Eoberti  Fergusoun 
burgensis  de  Abirdein  patris. — (Eetours.) 

Sept.  6,  1644.  Patricius  heres  Patricii  F.  mercatoris  burgensis 
in  Abirdene. — (Eetours.) 

12th  April  1655.  Confirmation  of  a  charter  to  William  Ferguson 
in  Crichie  of  all  and  haill  the  town  and  lands  of  Badifurro,  with 
the  manor  place,  etc.,  the  salmon-fishings  in  the  water  of  Don,  and 
the  lands  of  Woodhill,  both  sunny  and  shadow,  Avith  multures  and 
power  to  build  a  mill,  lying  in  the  parish  of  Inverurie,  barony  of 
Fintray,  and  regality  of  Lindores.— (7?<'(7.  Mag.  Sig.,  MS.) 



The  name,  though  not  very  numerous,  has  had  its  repre- 
sentatives in  Fife  and  in  Angus,  whose  history  contributes 
incidents  of  interest.  From  Dundee  came  David  Fergusson, 
the  Eeformer,  to  labour  in  Dunfermline,  and  his  male  line 
ended  in  the  person  of  an  Angus  minister,  who  is  linked  by 
kindly  ties,  which  were  a  poor  substitute  for  a  lost  son,  to 
other  famous  men  of  the  name,  A  Robert  Fergusson  repre- 
sented Inverkeithing  in  the  Parliaments  of  1579  and  1587 : 
and  from  a  letter  to  King  Charles  ii.,  preserved  among  the 
Mss.  in  the  British  Museum,  it  appears  that  in  1675  a  David 
Ferguson  was  representative,  or  Provost,  of  the  Burgh  of 
Kirkcaldy.  There  seem  to  have  been  three  generations  of 
David  Fergusons  then  connected  Avith  Kirkcaldy,  for  in 
December  1679  David  Ferguson  was  served  heir  of  Master 
David  Ferguson,  student  of  divinity,  his  father.  Sarah 
Bessie,  and  Mary  Fergusons  were  served  heirs  of  David 
Ferguson,  their  brother,  in  March  1680 ;  of  David  Ferguson, 
lately  Provost  of  Kirkcaldy,  their  grandfather,  in  March 
1699  ;  and  heirs-portioners  of  Mr.  David  Ferguson,  divinity 
student,  only  son  of  David  Ferguson,  formerly  Provost  of 
Kirkcaldy,  their  father.  Mr.  David  Fergusson,  a  youth  of 
great  promise  and  a  native  of  Kirkcaldy,  '  was  snatched  away 
by  an  early  death.'  He  published  a  small  volume,  dedicated 
to  John,  Duke  of  Lauderdale,  entitled  Epithalamiuni  Mysti- 
cum  sive  Analysis  Critico-practica  Cantici  Canticorum, 
printed  at  Edinburgh  in   1677,  of  which    the   original   MS., 


bearing  the  date  1G73  and  marked  Ex  clono  Autlwris,  is 
preserved  in  the  University  Library. 

The  family  of  Raith  is  traced  to  a  James  Ferguson,  who 
was  BaiHe  of  Inverkeithing  in  1089,  whose  son,  Robert, 
purchased  Raith,  it  would  seem,  after  his  father's  death  in 

One  family  shows  an  interesting  succession  of  parish 
ministers,  running  practically  from  the  Revolution  to  the 
Disruption.  In  1716,  David  Fergusson  was  called  jure 
devoluto — i.e.  by  the  Presbytery  in  face  of  local  opposition, 
probably  based  on  Episcopalian  sympathies — to  the  parish 
of  Farnell.  In  1751  his  son,  David  Fergusson,  was  admitted 
his  assistant  and  successor,  and  he  survived  to  1793.  His 
son  Andrew  became  minister  of  Maryton,  or  Old  Montrose,  in 
1795,  after  having  been  assistant  to  his  father  at  Farnell ; 
and  his  son,  David  Scott  Fergusson,  became  minister  of 
Strachan  in  1835.  Both  father  and  son  '  went  out '  in 


The  following  account  of  the  family  of  Raith,  has  been 
communicated  by  Mr.  R.  C.  Munro-Ferguson,  M.P.,  of  Raith 
and  Novar : — 

'  Raith  has  been  inhabited  by  the  Fergusons  since  1723, 
when  it  passed  out  of  the  hands  of  the  first  Earl  of  Melville, 
whose  family  had  possessed  it  several  hundred  years,  into 
those  of  Robert  Ferguson,  the  eldest  son  of  James  Ferguson, 
who  in  1689  was  Bailie  of  Inverkeithing. 

'  Robert  acquired  a  large  fortune  in  the  East  India  trade, 
but  he  must  also  have  inherited  considerable  wealth,  as  he 
was  only  thirty- six  when  he  purchased  Raith.  Later,  he  also 
bought  the  estate  of  Arrochar  on  Loch  Lomond.  One  of 
the  circumstances  which  probably  attracted  him  to  Raith 
was  the  near  neighbourhood  of  his  sister,  who  had  married 
Dundas  of  Bogie,  a  place  adjoining  Raith.  He  does  not 
seem  to  have  had  much  taste  for  a  country  life,  and  most  of 


his  days  were  spent  in  Austin  Friars,  London,  where  in  1725 
he  married  Miss  Townsend  of  Honington  at  the  Chapel  Royal, 
St.  James's.  He  brought  his  Avife,  however,  to  see  his  north- 
ern possessions,  and  it  is  recorded  that,  on  her  first  visit,  she 
entered  Raith  riding  on  a  pillion  behind  the  oldest  tenant 
of  the  estate.  They  are  both  represented  at  Raith  in  two 
jjortraits  by  Kneller. 

'  He  had  no  sons,  and  the  estate  passed  at  his  death  to  his 
nephew,  William  Berry,  who  then  assumed  his  name  and 
arms.  William  was  younger  brother  to  the  father  of  the  Miss 
Berrys,  so  well  known  in  London  society.  These  ladies  were 
the  intimate  friends  of  Horace  Walpole,  who,  as  he  himself 
says,  offered  "  his  hand  and  his  heart "  to  Mary  Berry,  and 
"  his  hand  and  his  coronet "  to  Agnes,  but  unsuccessfully  in 
both  cases.  The  two  sisters  remained  single  to  the  end  of 
their  long  lives.  In  London  they  were  the  centre  of  a  circle 
which  included  most  of  the  intellectual  and  political  people 
of  the  day,  and  every  evening  their  drawing-room  was  open 
to  their  friends,  who  gathered  there  certain  of  always  finding 
interesting  and  entertaining  company.  Among  their  habitues 
were  Macaulay,  Sydney  Smith,  Thackeray,  Lord  John  Russell, 
Lord  Lansdowne,  Mrs.  Norton,  and  many  others.  Their 
portraits  by  Zoffany  and  Swinton,  and  their  books — many  of 
them  given  by  Horace  Walpole — are  now  at  Raith. 

'  William  Ferguson,  "  the  usurper,"  as  he  was  considered  by 
his  more  famous  nieces  (to  whom,  however,  he  and  his  suc- 
cessors made  a  generous  and  lifelong  allowance  of  £1000  a 
year),  was  devoted  to  Raith.  It  was  he  who  laid  out  most 
of  the  park,  made  the  lake,  and  planted  the  woods.  He  was 
also  considered  one  of  the  leading  men  of  his  day  in  agri- 
culture, and  gave  much  consideration  to  the  improvement  of 
his  farm -land.  At  Raith  he  is  also  commemorated  by  certain 
erections  known  as  "  follies,"  which  crown  the  various  emi- 
nences of  the  park.  He  lived  to  a  good  old  age,  and  it  is 
said  that  when  seventy  he  was  warned  that  he  would  die  if 
he  continued  to  drink  claret ;  so  he  took  to  toast  and  water, 
and  survived  for  fourteen  years.  There  is  a  picture  by 
Zoffany  at  Raith  which  represents  him  in  his  more  festive 
days  entertaining  his  friends  on  the  occasion  of  his  succeeding 



to  the  estate.  They  are  gathered  round  a  table  bearing 
materials  for  health-drinking,  while  Zoffany  has  painted  him- 
self sitting  at  the  table  and  joining  in  the  celebration.  The 
hospitality  of  Raith  in  his  days  is  recorded  in  the  remini- 
scences of  a  friend,  who  "  minded  the  day  when  eleven  hogs- 
heads of  one  particular  kind  of  claret  came  to  the  port  of 
Leith  :  and  ten  of  them  went  to  Raith."  Raeburn  painted  two 
portraits  of  William  and  one  of  his  wife — Miss  C'raufurd  of 
Restalriof — with  her  two  children.     These  are  all  at  Raith. 


'  He  was  succeeded  by  Robert,  his  son,  who  was  born  in 
1770,  and  who  married  in  1808  (after  the  dissolution  of  her 
marriage  with  the  seventh  Earl  of  Elgin)  Mary,  the  only 
daughter  and  heiress  of  Hamilton  Nisbet  of  Beil  and  Archer- 
field.  He  was  a  man  of  literary  and  scientific  tastes,  and 
made  a  fine  collection  of  books,  pictures,  and  minerals.  These 
tastes  were  cultivated  during  his  enforced  stay  in  France  as 
a  detenu  at  the  time  of  the  war,  where  he  made  friends  with 
Cuvier  and  collected  minerals,  discovering  one  which  was 
named  after  him.     He  was  released  through  the  intervention 


of  Fox  with  Napoleon.  He  was  Lord-Lieutenant  of  Fife, 
and  during  his  time  Raith  became  a  centre  for  the  in- 
tellectual and  interesting  society  which  in  those  days 
existed  in  Edinburgh.  Sir  David  Wilkie,  the  celebrated 
painter,  calls  Raith  "  the  Holland  House  of  Scotland," 
and  the  stray  glimpses  to  be  gathered  from  old  letters 
and  memoires  give  a  delightful  idea  of  the  society  which 
assembled  there.  One  of  these  is  to  be  found  in  a  little 
book  entitled  Mystifications,  by  Miss  Graham  of  Duntrune, 
a  representative  of  Claverhouse,  who  Avas  celebrated  for  her 
marvellous  impersonations  of  Scottish  characters.  She  says : 
"  From  TuUiallan  we  removed  to  Raith  to  bring  in  the  New 
Year.  A  very  brilliant  party  was  assembled.  The  gentlemen 
enjoyed  the  pleasures  of  the  battue  in  the  mornings,  and  we 
sat  down  to  dinner  upwards  of  twenty  every  day."  She  then 
proceeds  to  give  an  account  of  one  of  her  successful  im- 
personations. Among  other  interesting  people  who  stayed 
at  Raith  was  Landseer,  who  has  left  a  charming  souvenir  of 
his  visit  in  the  shape  of  two  sketches  of  a  Scotch  and  a 
French  pig,  in  which  the  latter  is  very  unfavourably  con- 
trasted with  the  former. 

'  Robert  Ferguson  was,  like  all  his  people,  a  strong  Whig, 
and  nightly  toasted  a  picture  of  Fox  by  Opie  which  hung 
in  his  dining-room.  Whigs  not  being  popular  at  that  time 
in  Scotland  he  had  some  difficulty  in  finding  a  seat  in 
Parliament.  He  was,  however,  elected  in  1806  lor  Fifeshire, 
sat  afterwards  for  Kirkcaldy,  and  in  1835  was  returned  for 
Haddington.  A  story  is  told  of  him  that,  being  asked  by 
George  iv.,  "  Have  you  ever  heard  a  speech  that  has  changed 
your  opinion  ? "  he  replied,  "  My  opinion  often,  sir ;  my  vote, 
never."  ^  He  died  in  1840.  A  memorial  tablet  was  placed 
in  the  kirk  at  Abbotshall  by  his  Raith  tenantry,  and  a  statue 
was  erected  to  his  memory  at  Haddington. 

'Ho  was  succeeded  by  his  brother.  Sir  Ronald,  who,  however, 
only  survived  him  a  few  months.  Sir  Ronald  was  born  in 
1773,  and  entered  the  army  in  1790.  Ho  served  his  country 
in  almost  every  quarter  of  the  globe.  At  the  taking  of  the 
Cape  of  Good  Hope  he  commanded  the  flank  corps ;  and  he 

^  A  similar  declaration  is  attributed  to  James  Ferguson  of  Pitfour,  a  Tory. 


was  present,  in  command  of  the  Highland  Brigade,  at  its 
recapture  in  1810.  He  was  second  in  command  at  Cadiz, 
and  in  1814  in  Holland.  In  the  battles  of  Rolif;a  and 
Vimiera  in  1808  he  exhibited  proof  of  such  high  military 
talents,  and  such  great  personal  intrepidity,  as  to  gain  the 
commendation  of  his  commander.  Sir  Arthur  Wellesley,  and 
to  call  forth  a  flattering  eulogium  in  the  vote  of  thanks 
from  the  House  of  Commons  conveyed  to  him  on  this 

'  In  the  debate  on  the  vote  of  thanks,  January  25,  1809, 
Mr.  Adam  said  that  he  "  knew  from  the  best  authority  that 
Sir  Arthur  Wellesley  had  asserted  that  the  intrepid  gallantry 
and  conduct  with  which  General  Ferguson  had  led  on  his 
troops  to  the  charge  was  the  finest  thing  he  had  seen  in  his 
military  services."  Mr.  Whitbread  said  that  he  "  agreed  most 
cordially  with  the  honourable  gentleman  in  the  sentiments 
he  had  expressed  with  regard  to  General  Ferguson.  He  was 
satisfied  that  Sir  A.  Wellesley  and  General  Ferguson  must  be 
handed  down  to  posterity  as  the  most  distinguished  heroes  of 
Vimiera."  On  February  6  General  Ferguson  attended,  and 
the  Speaker  read  the  resolution  which  had  already  been 
adopted :  "  That  the  thanks  of  the  House  be  given  to  Major- 
General  Ferguson  for  his  skilful  and  gallant  exertions  against 
the  enemy  in  the  battles  of  Rolira  and  Vimiera,  by  which  he 
reflected  so  much  lustre  on  His  Majesty's  troops." 

'  Major-General  Ferguson  replied  that,  "  Having  ever  con- 
sidered that  the  greatest  reward  which  a  soldier  can  receive 
is  the  approbation  of  his  country,  the  thanks  of  the  House 
must  be  received  by  him  with  gratitude  and  pride.  He  was 
well  aware,  however,  that  he  owed  this  honour  not  to  his  own 
merit  but  to  his  singular  good  fortune  in  commanding  such 
officers  and  such  men  as  were  placed  under  his  immediate 
orders,  and  in  being  himself  under  the  orders  of  a  General 
whose  talents,  decision,  and  bravery  justly  secured  to  him 
the  confidence  of  every  man  in  his  army.  Could  anything  in 
his  mind  enhance  the  value  of  the  thanks  of  the  House, 
it  would  be  the  very  handsome,  but  too  flattering, 
terms  in  which  the  Speaker  had  been  pleased  to  convey 



'Wellington's  regard  for  General  Ferguson  is  proved  by  his 
having  insisted  on  appointing  him  to  a  military  post  when 
the  King  desired  to  give  it  to  a  nominee  of  his  own.  The 
story  is  that  one  day  George  iv.  said  to  the  Duke  :  "  Arthur, 

there  is  a  regiment  vacant.   Gazette  Lord to  it."     "  It  is 

impossible,  please  your  Majesty,"  Wellington  replied.    "  There 
are  generals  who  have  seen  more  service  now  advanced  in 


life,  whose  turn  should  first  be  served."     "  Never  mind  that, 

Arthur ;  gazette  Lord ,"  said  the  King.    The  Duke  bowed ; 

and,  ""going  to  London,  he  gazetted  Sir  Ronald  Ferguson, 
whose  services  entitled  him  to  the  vacancy.  It  should  be 
added  that  at  the  time  Sir  Ronald  was  in  the  House,  voting 
constantly  with  the  Whigs,  Avhile  the  Duke  of  Wellington 


was  leader  of  the  Tory  party.  Sir  Ronald  also  received  the 

'  Himself  a  soldier,  he  married  the  daughter  of  another 
distinguished  General,  Sir  Hector  Munro,  who,  while  Com- 
mander-in-Chief in  India,  won  the  battle  of  Buxar,  and 
wrested  Pondicherry  from  the  French,  A  beautiful  ivory 
and  gold  jewel-box,  Avhich  had  belonged  to  Hyder  Ali,  one  of 
the  trophies  of  Sir  Hector's  Indian  career,  was  brought  by 
his  daughter  to  Raith. 

'  Sir  Ronald  entered  Parliament  as  Member  for  Nottinerham, 
which  he  represented  for  many  years.  He  was  said  to  be  one 
of  the  handsomest  men  in  the  army,  and  three  beautiful 
portraits  of  him  in  his  youth  were  painted  by  Raeburn. 
There  is  also  a  portrait  of  him  in  later  life  by  Colvin  Smith, 
and  a  full-length  miniature  by  Cos  way. 

'Lord  Cockburn  has  left  an  entry  referring  to  the  two 
brothers  in  his  journal.  He  says  :  "  18  April  1841.  Robert 
Ferguson  of  Raith  died  in  December  last,  and  his  brother. 
General  Sir  Ronald  Ferguson,  died  on  the  tenth  of  this  pre- 
sent month  :  two  admirable  Scotch  Whigs.  These  two  men 
showed  what  good  may  be  eftected  by  mere  steadiness  of 
principle  and  its  honest  exhibition,  for  without  any  superiority 
of  knowledge,  talents,  or  original  influence,  public  principle 
alone,  fearlessly  but  temperately  enforced  on  proper  occasions, 
and  softened  by  agreeable  manners  and  very  amiable  acts, 
enabled  them  powerfully  to  advocate  the  Scotch  cause  at  a 
time  when  political  independence  had  few  attractions,  either 
for  military  officers  or  for  country  gentlemen.  The  General  had 
a  safe  English  seat,  and,  after  the  peace  of  1815,  he  and  Lord 
Archibald  Hamilton  were  the  two  most  strenuous  defenders 
of  Scotland  in  the  House.  The  Parliamentary  struggles  of 
this  manly  and  disinterested  soldier,  unadorned  as  they  were 
by  eloquence  and  consequently  prompted  by  no  ambition  of 
display,  and  cheered  at  that  time  by  very  little  hope  of  suc- 
cess, but  proceeding  solely  from  the  impulse  of  right  opinions 
and  a  gallant  spirit,  did  honour  to  the  whole  army.  Nothing 
could  be  more  beautiful  than  the  mutual  affection  of  these 
handsome,  gentleman-like,  and  popular  brothers,  whose 
patriotism,  indeed,  was  more  graced  by  their  private  virtues 


than  it  could  have  been  by  any  splendour  of  ability.  The 
importance  of  two  gentlemen  of  their  character  and  situation 
to  the  side  that  they  espoused  can  only  be  understood  by 
those  who  acted  in  Scotch  affairs  before  the  Reform  Bill 
emancipated  the  country." 

'  Sir  Ronald  was  succeeded  by  his  son  Robert,  born  in  1802. 
He  was  also  a  soldier,  and  at  one  time  commanded  the  79th 
Highlanders.  After  leaving  the  army  he  sat  in  Parliament  as 
Liberal  from  1841  to  1861.  For  the  greater  part  of  that 
time  he  represented  the  Kirkcaldy  Burghs,  defeating  on  one 
occasion  Mr.,  now  Sir  William,  Harcourt,  who  stood  as  a 
Radical,  after  a  stiff  contest  in  which  the  Raith  miners  took 
part  as  preservers  of  order.  He,  however,  was  not  an  active 
politician,  and  devoted  most  of  his  time  to  the  care  of  his 
estates — those  of  Novar,  Muirton,  and  Culcairn  having  become 
his  on  the  death  of  Mr.  Munro,  the  owner  of  the  celebrated 
Novar  collection  of  pictures.  Colonel  Ferguson  married  late 
in  life  the  granddaughter  of  Mr.  Mandeville,  a  diplomatist, 
and  was  succeeded  in  1868  by  his  son  Ronald,  the  present 
proprietor,  then  a  child  of  eight.  Mr.  Munro-Ferguson  served 
for  five  years  in  the  Guards,  and  then  resigned  his  commission 
to  enter  Parliament.  He  sat  for  Ross-shire  in  1884,  but  was 
defeated  in  188.5.  In  1886  he  was  returned  for  the  Leith 
Burghs,  which  he  has  since  represented.  He  married  in 
1889  Helen  Hermione,  daughter  of  the  Marquis  of  Dufferin 
and  Ava. 

'  Raith  House  stands  on  a  hill  500  feet  high,  said  to  have 
been  the  site  of  one  of  Macduff's  castles.  It  commands  a 
fine  view  of  the  Forth,  with  Edinburgh  in  the  distance,  the 
Pentland  Hills,  the  Lammermuirs,  and  the  Bass  Rock  on  the 
horizon.  The  park  is  beautiful  from  the  lie  of  the  ground, 
and  has  been  embellished  by  the  plantations  of  successive 
proprietors,  and  by  the  formation  of  an  artificial  lake  at  the 
foot  of  the  hill  on  which  the  house  stands.  The  house  itself 
has  not  much  architectural  merit.  The  central  portion  bears 
the  date  1694 ;  the  two  wings  are  later,  but  not  more  artistic 

'  There  are  several  places  of  historical  interest  at  Raith  ; 
one,  the  ruined  tower  of  Balwearie,  said  to  have  been  the 


actual  residence  of  Michael  Scott,  the  Wizard  of  the 
North ;  another,  the  farm  of  the  Grange,  once  the  home  of 
that  intrepid  soldier,  Kirkcaldy  of  Grange,  who  defended 
Edinburgh  Castle  in  the  interests  of  Queen  Mary,  and 
was  one  of  the  assassins  of  Cardinal  Beaton.  The  Raitli 
gardens  were  also  the  site  of  the  country-house  and  fish- 
ponds of  the  abbots  of  Dunfermline,  after  whom  the 
parish  of  Abbotshall  is  named ;  and  on  a  field  just  out- 
side the  park  was  fought  the  last  political  duel  that 
took  place  in  Scotland,  between  Sir  Alexander  Boswell  and 
Stuart  of  Dunearn,  which  resulted  in  the  death  of  the 

We  add  the  account  of  the  family  given  in  Burke's  Landed 
Gentry  {ISM):— 

'  The  Fergusons  of  Eaith  are  of  good  standing  in  Fife,  and  have 
possessed  the  estate  from  which  they  derive  their  designation  since 
the  death  of  the  first  Earl  of  Melville,  to  whom  it  belonged  up  to 

'James  Ferguson,  Bailie  of  Inverkeithing  in  1689,  m.  Agnes 
Stewart,  and  had  issue — 

Robert,  his  heir. 

Barbara,  bapt.  at  Inverkeithing,  19th  Nov.  1G89. 

Elizabeth,  bapt.  at  same  place,  5th  Jan.  1694,  m.  John  Dundas 

of  Wester  Bogie,  co.  Fife,  younger  son  of  John  Dundas  of 

Manor,  and  d.  s.p. 
Agnes,  m.  David  Berry,  of   Edinburgh,  merchant,   and   had 

issue — 

Robert  Berry,  m.  the  daughter  of  John  Seton,  Esq.  of 
Parbroath  (sister  of  Isabella,  Lady  Cayley,  wife  of 
Sir  Thomas  Caylej^,  fifth  Baronet  of  Brompton),  and 
had  two  daughters,  Mary  and  Agnes  Berry. 

James  Berry. 

William  Berry,  of  Austin  Friars,  London,  who  assumed 
by  royal  licence,  dated  12th  Jan.  1782,  the  surname 
and  arms  of  Ferguson  on  succeeding  to  the  estate  of 

Katherine,  m.  26th  Sept.  1764,  Rev.  Alex.  Spears,  of  Kirk- 
caldy, and  d.  9th  Nov.  1813. 


'  The  only  son, 
Robert  Ferguson  of  Raith,  bapt.  at  Inverkeithing,  16th  Dec. 
1690,  was  served  heir  of  his  father,  21st  June  1731,  and  pur- 
chased Raith,  in  the  parish  of  Abbotshall,  co.  Fife.  He  mar- 
ried at  the  Chapel  Royal,  Whitehall,  11th  March  1725,  Mary, 
daughter  of  Joseph  Townsend,  and  d.  s.p.  18th  Dec.  1781, 
when  he  was  s.  by  his  nephew, 

'  William  Ferguson,  Esq.  of  Raith,  m.  Jane,  daughter  of  Ronald 
Craufurd,  Esq.  of  Restalrig,  and  sister  of  Margaret,  Countess 
of  Dumfries,  and  was  s.  at  his  death  by  his  eldest  son, 

'  Robert  Ferguson,  Esq.  of  Raith,  M. P.,  and  Lord-Lieutenant 
of  the  CO.  of  Fife,  m.  Mary,  only  child  and  heiress  of  William 
Hamilton  Nisbet,  Esq.  of  Dirleton,  co.  Haddington  (her  pre- 
vious marriage  with  Thomas,  seventh  Earl  of  Elgin,  having 
been  dissolved  by  Act  of  Parliament  1808),  but  by  her  had  na 
issue.  Mr.  Ferguson  died  3rd  Dec.  1840,  and  was  succeeded 
by  his  brother, 

'General  Sir  Ronald  Craufurd  Ferguson,  G.C.B.,  M.P.  for 
Nottingham,  who  then  became  of  Raith.  This  gallant  and 
highly  distinguished  officer,  who  was  h.  at  Raith  House  1773, 
entered  the  army  in  1790  as  ensign  in  the  53rd  Foot,  and 
served  his  country  in  almost  every  quarter  of  the  globe.  He 
commanded  the  flank  corps  at  the  taking  of  the  Cape  of  Good 
Hope,  and  was  present  at  its  re-capture  at  the  head  of  the 
Highland  Brigade.  In  1810  he  was  second  in  command  at 
Cadiz,  and  in  1814  in  Holland.  At  the  battles  of  Roli9a  and 
Vimiera  (1808)  he  exhibited  proof  of  such  high  military  talents 
and  such  great  personal  intrepidity  as  to  gain  the  commenda- 
tion of  his  commander.  Sir  Arthur  Wellesley,  and  to  call  forth 
a  flattering  eulogium  in  the  vote  of  thanks  from  the  House  of 
Commons  conveyed  to  him  on  these  occasions.  Sir  Ronald 
m.  Jean,  daughter  of  General  Sir  Hector  Munro,  K.C.B.,  of 
Novar,  co.  Ross,  and  dying  10th  April  1841,  aged  72,  was 
s.  by  his  son, 

'  Col.  Robert  Munro-Ferguson  of  Raith,  co.  Fife,  and  Novar, 
CO.  Ross,  M.P.  for  the  Kirkcaldy  Burghs  from  1841  to  1861, 
and  Lt.-Col.  commanding  79th  Highlanders,  h.  20th  Aug. 
1802,  m.  7th  May  1859,  Emma,  daughter  of  the  late  James 
Henry  Mandeville,  Esq.  of  Merton,  Surrey,  and  had  issue, 
'  Ronald  Craufurd  Munro,  now  of  Raith  and  Novar. 
'Hector  Munro,  h.  2nd  Feb.  1866. 


Eobert  Henry  Munro,  h.  8th  June  1867. 

Alice  Edwina  Munro,  m.  1886  Alexander  Luttrell,  eldest 

son  of  G.  F.  Luttrell  of  Dunster,  and  has  two  sons. 
Emma  Valentine  Munro. 
Edith  Isabel  Munro. 
'He   succeeded   to  the  estates  of  Novar,   Eoss-shire,   and 
Muirton,  Morayshire,  in  1864,  on  the  death  of  the  late  Hugh 
Andrew  Munro,  Esq.     Colonel  Ferguson  d.  28th  Nov.  1868, 
when  he  was  succeeded  by  his  eldest  son, 

'Eonald  Crawford  Munro  Ferguson  of  Eaith,  Novar,  and 
Muirton,  b.  6th  March  1860,  late  Lieut.  Grenadier  Guards, 
M.P.  for  Eoss  and  Cromarty  1884-5,  elected  M.P.  for  Leith 
1886,  m.  31st  Aug.  1889  Lady  Helen  Hermione  Blackwood, 
eldest  daughter  of  the  Marquis  of  DufFerin  and  Ava.' 


The  kingdom  of  Fife  was  the  home,  even  if  Dundee  was  the 
birthplace,  of  the  distinguished  Scottish  divine,  the  Reverend 
David  Fergusson,  minister  of  Dunfermline  (to  which  charge 
he  was  appointed  in  1560),  one  of  the  leading  Scottish  Refor- 
mers. He  describes  himself  as  '  one  of  the  six  who  first  put 
their  hands  to  the  work.'  He  was  Moderator  of  the  General 
Assembly  in  1573,  and  again  in  1578,  and  is  said  to  have  been 
remarkable  for  his  combination  of  sagacity,  firmness,  and 
knowledge,  with  a  pleasant  and  humorous  disposition,  which 
made  him  a  useful  representative  of  the  kirk  in  negotiations 
with  the  court.  He  is  said  to  have  begun  the  History  of  the 
Church  of  Scotland,  which  was  carried  out  by  his  son-in-law. 
Row,  and  the  perusal  of  a  sermon  of  his  by  John  Knox  upon 
his  deathbed,  produced  the  quaint  and  emphatic  recommen- 
dation from  the  old  Reformer — '  John  Knox,  with  my  dead 
hand  but  glad  heart  praising  God  that  of  His  mercy  He 
leaves  such  light  to  His  Kirk  in  this  desolation.'  David 
Fergusson  was  not  a  voluminous  writer,  but  he  has  left  some 
ecclesiastical  publications,  which  have  been  printed  by  the 
Bannatyne  Club.  He  was  the  author  of  the  first  collection  of 
Scottish  Proverbs,  for  which  he  had  a  great  liking,  and  it  was 
said  that  he  both  spoke  and  preached  in  proverbs.  It  is, 
however,  by  his  wise  and  witty  observations,  especially  those 


dropped  in  Royal  interviews,  that  he  is  best  known.  It  was  he 
who  gave  to  the  bishops  appointed,  while  the  revenues  of  the 
sees  were  drawn  by  laymen,  the  name  of  '  Tulchan  Bishops,' 
and  who  answered  King  James,  when  he  asked  why  the  Master 
of  Gray's  house  shook  during  the  night, — '  Why  should  the 
Devil  not  rock  his  ain  bairns  ? '  He  described  the  proposal 
for  the  reintroduction  of  Episcopacy,  as  like  '  the  busking  up 
of  the  brave  horse '  for  the  overthrow  of  Troy,  and  declared 
that '  he  would,  with  the  brethren  who  had  given  good  warn- 
ing, cry  "  Equo  ne  credite  Teucri." '  In  an  interview  with 
the  King,  referring  to  the  feuds  that  were  prevalent,  he 
observed  that  it  was  the  surnames  that  made  all  the  commo- 
tion. '  If  you  go  to  surnames,'  he  said,  jocularly,  '  I  w^ill 
reckon  with  the  best  of  you  in  antiquity,  for  King  Fergus  was 
the  first  king  in  Scotland,  and  I  am  Fergus-son ;  but  always, 
sir,  because  you  are  an  honest  man,  and  hath  the  possession, 
I  will  give  you  my  right.'  This,  it  is  said,  put  King  James 
in  a  good  humour,  and  he  exclaimed, — '  See,  will  you  hear 
him ! ' 

The  account  of  this  interview  exhibits  a  remarkable  com- 
bination of  plain  speaking  with  a  tact  on  Fergusson's  part, 
which  diverted  the  discussion  into  a  humorous  vein,  com- 
plimented the  king  on  his  metrical  version  of  the  110th 
Psalm,  or  checked  his  colleagues  when  they  appeared  to  be 
'  going  too  far '  in  their  '  severe  remarks.'  Yet  while  Fergusson 
showed  a  proper  respect  to  his  sovereign,  he  did  not  hesitate 
to  speak  wholesome  truths  to  some  of  the  royal  favourites. 
Turning  to  Colonel  Stewart  he  exhorted  him  to  beware  what 
counsel  he  gave  to  the  King ;  '  for  assure  yourself,'  he  said, 
'  if  you  counsel  him  to  place  and  displace  the  nobility  as  you 
please,  they  will  not  bear  it  at  your  hands  who  is  but  a  mean 

Row  thus  records  a  conversation  between  Fergusson  and 
King  James  vi.,  on  bishops  : — '  David,'  said  James  vi.  to  him 
one  day,  '  why  may  not  I  have  bishops  in  Scotland  as  well  as 
they  have  in  England  ? '  '  Yea,  sir,'  replied  Fergusson,  '  ye 
may  have  bishops  here — but,  remember,  ye  must  mak'  us  all 
bishops,  else  will  ye  never  content  us ;  for  if  ye  set  up  ten  or 
twelve  loons  over  honest  men's  heads  (honest  men  will  not 


liave  your  anti-Christian  prelacies),  and  give  them  more 
thousands  to  debauch  and  misspend  than  honest  men  have 
hundreds  or  scores,  we  will  never  all  be  content.  We  are  all 
Paul's  bishops,  sir — Christ's  bishops ;  hand  us  as  we  are.' 
' The  de'il  halt  ails  you,'  replied  the  King,  'but  that  ye  would 
all  be  alike ;  ye  cannot  abide  ony  to  be  abune  ye.'  '  Sir,'  said 
the  minister,  '  do  not  ban '  (swear.) 

'  Fergusson,'  says  Anderson,  in  the  Bcottish  Nation, '  is  sup- 
posed to  have  been  descended  from  a  respectable  family  of 
that  surname  in  Ayrshire.'  There  seems  to  be  no  evidence  of 
this,  and  it  would  rather  appear  that  he  was  a  native  of 
Dundee,  as  he  and  others  within  the  burgh  of  Dundee  were 
summoned  in  1558  for  disputing  upon  erroneous  opinions,  and 
eating  flesh  during  Lent.  He  was  originally  a  glover  by 
trade,  a  fact  not  lost  sight  of  in  the  attacks  of  the  Romish 
controversialists ;  but,  according  to  Wodrow, '  gave  up  business 
and  went  to  school '  in  order  to  qualify  as  a  preacher. 

'  Having  on  one  occasion  presented  to  the  King  and  Council 
a  petition  for  augmentation  of  stipend,  he  was  mortified  by 
having  it  returned  to  him  endorsed  with  the  unpromising 
words,  Sic'ut  ante.  Some  time  afterwards  the  King,  passing 
through  Dunfermline,  saw  the  old  minister  going  through  the 
ungraceful  process  of  dressing  hides,  and  asked  somebody  if 
he  had  lost  his  Avits :  whereupon  Mr.  David  overhearing  the 
question,  promptly  replied  that  he  was  endeavouring  to  fulfil 
his  Majesty's  commands  by  returning  to  his  original  trade, 
and  thus  gaining  his  bread  Sicut  ante — "  as  before."  James 
is  said  to  have  engaged  to  have  his  petition  more  favourably 
backed  when  it  next  came  before  him.' 

Though  apparently  never  at  a  university,  he  was  well 
acquainted  with  Latin  and  Greek,  and  his  vigorous,  senten- 
tious, and  lively  Scottish  style  was  illustrated  by  classical 

Ferguson  was  probably  born  before  1525.  In  1560,  when 
the  first  appointment  was  made  of  Reformed  ministers,  he 
was  selected  for  Dunfermline,  and  he  sat  in  the  first  General 
Assembly,  held  in  December  of  that  year.  He  usually  served 
on  all  important  commissions,  and  for  many  years  was  one 
of  the  assessors  to  the  moderator,  who  prepared  matters  for 


the  Assembly.  He  was  one  of  the  ministers  who  waited  on 
Morton  before  his  execution  in  1581.  His  pubHshed  works 
consist  of  An  Answer  to  the  E2nstle  of  Benat  Benedict  to 
John  Knox  and  the  rest  of  his  Brethren,  a  most  able  and 
vigorous  statement  of  the  position  of  the  Scottish  Reformers ; 
of  a  '  Sermon  preached  before  the  Regent  and  Nobilitie  at 
Leith,  in  1572,'  which  contains  an  eloquent  and  straightforward 
expostulation  on  the  subject  of  the  Church's  right  to  the 
teinds,  and  has  been  described  as  'a  remarkable  specimen 
of  vigorous  composition  in  the  vernacular  Scotch ' ;  and  the 
collection  of  Scottish  proverbs  which  was  published  after  his 
death.  The  first  edition  in  1641  was  entitled :  '  Scottish 
Proverbs  gathered  together  by  David  Fergusone,  some  time 
Minister  at  Dunfermline,  and  put  ordine  alphahetico  when  he 
departed  this  life,  anno  1598.'  Other  editions  were  published 
in  1659,  1675,  1699,  and  1706;  the  latter  bearing  the  title, 
'  Nine  Hundred  and  Forty  Scottish  Proverbs,  the  greater  part 
of  which  were  first  gathered  together  by  David  Ferguson, 
the  rest  since  added.'  He  also  left  a  diary  containing  a 
record  of  the  principal  ecclesiastical  events  of  his  time,  which 
has  been  lost,  but  is  probably  to  a  large  extent  incorporated 
in  his  son-in-law,  John  Row's,  History. 

In  1598  Fergusson  was  described  as  '  the  auldest  minister 
that  tyme  in  Scotland.'  James  Melville  thus  records  an 
address  delivered  to  the  Synod  of  Fife  in  May  1596.  '  And 
sa  David  Fergusone,  Pastor  of  Dunfermline,  a  reverend 
father,  spak  verie  pleasandlie  and  comfortablie  of  the  be- 
ginning and  success  of  the  ministrie :  namelie,  how  that  a 
few  number,  viz.  onlie  sax,  whairof  he  was  ane,  sa  mightilie 
went  fordwart  in  the  wark,  but  feir  or  cair  of  the  warld,  and 
prevalit,  when  thar  was  na  name  of  stipend  hard  tell  of; 
when  the  authoritie  baith  Ecclesiastik  and  Civill  opponit 
themselves,  and  skarslie  a  man  of  name  and  estimatioun  to 
tak  the  cause  in  hand.'  He  was,  says  Principal  Lee,  '  one 
of  the  boldest,  most  sagacious,  and  most  amiable  of  the 
Reformers  of  the  Church  of  Scotland.'  Spottiswood  says 
that  '  he  was  a  wise  man  and  a  good  preacher,'  and  that '  he 
Avas  jocund  and  pleasant  in  his  disposition,  which  made  him 
well  regarded  in  Court  and  country.'     '  By  his  pleasant  and 


facetious  conversation,'  writes  "Wodrow,  'lie  often  pleased 
and  pacified  the  King  when  he  was  in  a  fury ' ;  and  his  sound 
judgment  and  courteous  manners  were,  throughout  his  life, 
constantly  relied  on  by  the  Church  in  her  negotiations  with 
the  Crown. 

Fergusson's  answer  to  the  Epistle  of  Renat  Benedict  was 
reprinted  by  the  Bannatyne  Club  from  the  only  copy  known 
to  exist,  belonging  to  the  University  of  Edinburgh.  This 
was  a  small  volume  of  forty-four  leaves  in  black  letter,  with 
the  title-page  and  last  leaves  supplied  in  manuscript  from 
another  copy.  From  the  following  note  in  the  MS.  Book  of 
Donations  it  appears  to  have  been  presented,  along  with  an 
original  portrait  of  the  author,  which,  unfortunately,  cannot 
now  be  traced,  to  the  University  by  one  of  his  descendants. 

'  24  April  1701. — Mr.  John  Row,  Professor  of  Philosophy, 
gave  to  the  library  the  picture  of  Mr.  David  Ferguson, 
Minister  of  Dunfermling  and  chaplain  to  King  James  vi., 
done  on  timber  of  a  small  oval  form :  he  died  1598.  Also 
a  book  of  his  writ  in  defence  of  the  Reformation,  in  answer 
to  ane  Epistle  of  ane  Renat  Benedict,  a  French  Doctor :  it  is 
printed  at  Edinburgh,  1563,  in  12mo.' 

David  Fergusson,  soon  after  he  became  minister  of  Dun- 
fermline, was  married  to  Isobel  Durham,  by  whom  he  had 
nine  children — five  sons  and  four  daughters. 

1.  Margaret,  born  31st  May  1562,  who  on  June  18th,  1581, 

married  Master  David  Spens,  minister  of  the  Gospel 
at  Orwell. 

2.  William,  born  Sept.  10th,  1564 

3.  Patrick,  born  June  23rd,  1566. 

4.  Robert,  born  Oct.  3rd,  1568. 

5.  Janet,  born  Sept.  4th,  1570;  married  David  Ramsay  in 

April  1598. 

6.  David,  born  Jan.  21st,  1572-3. 

7.  John,  born  May  19th,  1574. 

8.  Grizzell,  born  Feb.  19th,  1575-6;  married  in  1595  the 

Rev.  John  Row,  minister  of  Carnock,  son  of  John 
Row  the  Reformer. 

9.  Isobell,  born  Feb.  24th,  1579-80. 

Of  the  sons,  only  William  survived  his  father,  who  died  on 


23rd  August  1598,  but  it  has  been  suggested  that  Kobert 
may  have  been  the  Robert  Fergusson  who  represented  Inver- 
keithing  in  Parhament  in  1579  and  1587.  His  age  makes 
this  quite  inadmissible.  William  Fergusson,  the  eldest  son 
was  an  M.A.,  but  not  a  minister,  for  while  his  father  left  him 
his  books  on  natural  history,  he  left  all  his  '  buiks  of  theo- 
logie  and  human  history '  to  his  two  reverend  sons-in-law 
ordaining  them  to  'satisfie'  their  brother-in-law,  David  Ramsay, 
who  appears  to  have  been  a  layman.  This  William  Fergusson 
has  been  identified  with  Mr.  William  Fergusson,  physician 
and  bailie  in  Dundee,  whose  name  occurs  as  a  member  of 
the  General  Assembly  in  1600  and  1601.  An  inscription 
exists  which  appears  in  part  to  commemorate  a  visitation  of 
the  plague,  and  is  as  follows : — 

'  To  Mr.  William  Ferguson,  Physician  and  Bailie  in  Dundee, 
and  Euphemia  Kinloch  his  dearest  parents:  also  to  seven 
brothers  and  sisters  german,  who  died  by  the  disturbed  order 
of  nature :  likewise  for  himself  and  Helen  Duncan,  his  lawful 
wife,  the  surviving  William  Ferguson,  merchant,  raised  this 
monument  to  their  pious  memory.  Mr.  William  Ferguson 
died  25th  March  1627,  aged  64  years,  and  Euphemia  Kinloch 
died  6th  June  1603  (1623)  aged  57  years.' 

There  seems,  curiously  enough,  to  have  been  another 
William  Fergusson,  also  a  doctor  of  medicine  and  bailie  in 
Dundee,  at  the  same  time.  He  is  identified  by  the  name  of 
his  wife,  who  was  Catherine  Wedderburn,  and  whose  name 
appears  in  a  charter  of  the  lands  of  Balbeuchlie  granted  to 
him  in  February  1615.  He  seems  to  have  survived  till  May 
1663,  when  his  daughter  Magdalene,  spouse  of  John  Duncan 
the  younger,  burgess  of  Dundee,  was  served  heir  to  him. 

Whether  or  not  William  Ferguson,  physician  and  bailie, 
and  William  Ferguson  his  son,  merchant  in  Dundee,  were 
the  links  in  the  chain,  it  is  certain  that  Mr.  David  Fergusson, 
minister  at  Strathmartin  or  Strickmartin  in  Angus,  was 
the  great-grandson  of  the  Reformer.  He  registered  his 
arms  between  1672  and  1678,^  and  was  one  of  the  Episcopal 
clergy  whose  cases  were  dealt  with  after  the  Revolution, 
though  he  appears  to  have  been  continued  in  his  benefice. 

^  See  chap.  xiii. 


(I  51 

(n  1) 

FEECtUSONS  in  fife  and  FOEFAE  327 

Adam  Fergusson,  afterwards  minister  at  Logierait,  records  ^ 
liis  obligations  to  this  Mr.  David  Fergusson,  wlio,  having 
no  nearer  relative  than  a  niece,  'and  being  very  clannish, 
Avas  much  inclined  to  be  beneficial  to  any  of  the  name  of 
Fergusson  that  were  thought  capable  of  a  liberal  education, 
especially  after  his  only  son  was  lost  on  the  ice  in  the  North 
Loch  at  Edinburgh.'  Mr.  David  Fergusson,  writer,  was  thus 
drowned  on  11th  February  1682.  The  Rev.  David  Fergusson 
died  in  1696,  and  in  1699  Barbara  Fergusone,  spouse  of 
Alexander  Grahame  of  Kincaldrum,  was  served  heir  to  him 
as  his  niece.  The  following  account  of  one  of  his  benefactions 
is  preserved  in  a  memoir  published  along  with  one  edition  ^ 
of  Robert  Fergusson  the  poet's  works : — 

'  Through  the  influence,  it  is  understood,  of  Lord  Findlater 
his  father  had  obtained  a  presentation  in  favour  of  Robert  to 
a  mortification  or  bursary  by  the  Rev.  David  Fergusson  of 
Strathmartine,  which  provided  for  the  "  maintenance  and 
education  of  two  poor  male  children"  of  his  own  surname  at 
the  Grammar  School  of  Dundee  and  the  CoUege  of  St.  Andrews. 
The  deed  appoints  and  ordains  that  "  the  two  children  of  the 
quality  foresaid,  from  the  saide  age  of  nine  years  untill  they 
attain  to  fourteen  years  compleat,  be  maintained,  educate, 
and  brought  up  at  the  Grammar  School  of  Dundee,  and  be 
hoarded  witJi  one  of  the  surname  of  Fergusson,  in  case  there 
be  any  that  can  do  the  same,  and  failzing  of  that  in  any 
other  honest  house  within  the  said  burgh  of  good  repute, 
and  that  at  such  rates  and  prices  yearly  or  quarterly  as  the 
said  patrons  and  administrators  shall  think  fitt;  and  be 
furnished  (the  saids  children)  with  sufficient  cloaths  and 
necessaries  for  then-  bodies,  head,  and  feet ;  their  coats  being 
always  of  a  grey  colour  lined  with  blue  sleeves.' 


It  has  already  been  noted  that  on  7th  February  1615 
William  Fergusone,  Bailie  of  the  Burgh  of  Dundee,  had  a 
charter  of  the  lands  of  Balbeuchlie,  in  Forfar,  in  which  his 
daughter  was  served  heir  to  him  in  1663. 

1  See  chap.  ii.  p.  126.  ^  1851. 



Robert  Arklay  Fergusson,  Esq.  of  Ethie-Beaton,  Forfar- 
shire, is  eldest  son  of  tlie  late  Robert  Fergusson,  Esq.,  by 
Matilda,  daughter  of  Robert  Arklay,  Esq.  of  Ethie-Beaton ; 
born  1851  ;  succeeded  his  uncle,  Robert  Arklay,  Esq.,  1892 ; 
married,  1882,  Dora  Maud  Carleton,  daughter  of  J.  A.  Allan, 
Esq.  of  Kingston,  Canada. 


1373.  David  filius  Fergusii,  collector  of  the  contributions  of  the 
quarter  of  Brechin. — {Exch.  Bolls,  vol.  ii.) 

David  Fergusson,  minister  of  Dunfermline,  suspends  the  master 
of  the  grammar  school  of  the  burgh  :  disallowed. — {P.C.  Beg.  ii. 
pp.  288,  289.) 

Complaint  against  Rev.  David  Fergusson. — (P.C.  Beg.  iii.  pp. 
209-10,  237.) 

18  July  1611.  AVm.  Fergisoun,  doctor  of  medicine  in  Dundee, 
and  Catharine  Wedderburn,  his  spouse. — (Beg.  Mag.  Sig.  vi.  536.) 

2  Jid.  1613.  Mr.  Wil.  Fergussoun,  burgess  of  Dundie,  on  an 
assize. — (Beg.  Mag.  Sig.  vi.  881.) 

12  and  13  June  1612.  M.  Will.  Fergussone,  ballivo  de  Dundie, 
witness  to  a  charter. — (Beg.  Mag.  Sig.  vi.  1018.) 

7  Feb.  1615.  Confirmation  of  a  charter  by  which  James  Scrym- 
geour,  feuar  of  Fardill,  sold  to  William  Fergusone,  bailie  of  the 
burgh  of  Dundee,  and  Catherine  Wedderburn,  his  spouse,  the  lands 
of  Balbeuchlie,  with  fortalice  manor,  mill,  mill  lands,  etc.,  the  Tem- 
plar land  adjacent,  with  the  teinds,  rectorial  and  vicar's,  which  never 
were  in  use  to  be  separated,  in  the  barony  of  Dunkeld.  Vic.  Forfar. 
— (Beg.  Mag.  Sig.  vi.  1177.) 

May  31st,  1663.  Magdalena  Fergusone,  sj)onsa  Joannis  Dun- 
cane,  junioris  mercatoris  burgensis  de  Dundie,  Jueres  Magistri  Guli- 
elmi  Fergussone  de  Balbeuchlie  i^rt/'ri.s  in  terris  de  Balbeuchlie — terris 
templariis  eisdem  terris  contigue  coadjacentibus  cum  decimis  in 
baronia  Dunkeldensi. — (Betoiirs,  Forfar,  214.) 

Jan.  2,  1663.  Elizabetha,  Joneta  et  Isobella  Ferguissones,  heirs- 
portioners  of  their  mother,  Katherine  Page,  in  half  of  the  fullers' 
mill  of  Gaitmilk,  and  1  acres  annexed,  parish  of  Kinglassie,  regality 
of  Dunfermline. — (Betours,  Fife,  931.) 


Dec.  24,  1679.  David  Fergusone,  hares  Magistri  Fergusone, 
studentis  Divinitatis  j^nivis. — {Betours  Gen.  6173.) 

March  19,  1680.  Sara  Besseta  et  Maria  Fergusones  ha?.res 
portionarii  Davidis  Fergussone  fratris. — (Refours  Gen.  6191.) 

March  9,  1698-  .  .  .  Davidis  Fergusone  nuper  prtepositi  biirgi 
•de  Kircaldie  air  ex  parte  patris. 

Aug.  24,  1699.  Sara  F.,  spojisa  Thoma?  Oswald,  senioris  nautie 
burgensis  burgi  de  Kirkcaldie,  Besseta  F.,  sponsa  Archibaldi  Arnot, 
apothecarii  chirurgi  in  Kircaldie,  et  Maria  F.,  h.p.  Magistri  Davidis 
Fergusone,  Studentis  Divinitatis  in  Kircaldie,  unici  filii  Davidis 
Fergusone  aliquando  pra?positi  Kirkcaldie  patris. 

{Gen.  8101.)  May  20,  1699.  Barbara  Fergusone,  sponsa  Magistri 
Alexandri  Grahame  de  Kincaldrum  liarcs  Magistri  Davidis  Fergu- 
sone, ministri  verbi  Dei  apud  Strathmartine  'patrui. — {Eetoxirs  Gen. 

(From  Scott's  Fasti  Scoticance  Ucdesice.) 

Fife.     Dunfermline. 

1560.  David  Fergussone,  a  native  of  Dundee,  nominated  by 
the  Lords,  etc.,  19th  July :  he  was  a  member  of  thirty-nine 
Assembhes,  from  25th  June  1563  to  10th  May  1597  ;  in  two 
of  these,  6th  March  1572  and  24th  Oct.  1578,  he  was  elected 
Moderator.  In  1567  Rossyth  was  also  under  his  care  ;  in  1574 
Carnock  and  Baith,  Rossyth  being  excluded.  In  1576  he  was 
appointed  Visitor  of  the  Bounds  fromLeven  to  Cambuskenneth, 
the  kirks  of  the  Diocese  of  St.  Andrews  from  Forth  to  Tay  on 
both  sides  to  ISTewburgh,  and  from  that  west,  on  the  south  side 
of  the  Ochils,  the  kirks  of  St.  Andrews  and  Dunkeld.  He 
died  Father  of  the  Church,  23rd  August  1598,  in  advanced 
age.  Though  he  had  not  been  educated  at  a  university,  yet 
from  his  good  taste  and  lively  fancy,  joined  to  his  piety  and 
integrity,  he  was  highly  useful  in  imj^roving  and  enriching 
the  Scottish  language,  and  was  a  favourite  with  all  classes. 
Beside  the  active  share  which  he  took  in  ecclesiastical  affairs, 
he  left  a  Diary,  or  Observations,  which  has  not  been  preserved, 
but  may  have  been  the  foundation  of  the  History  written  by 
Row,  his  son-in-law.      '  The   utencils,  etc.,  by  the  airschip 


were  estimat  at  xx.  li.  He  was  awand  for  his  housemaill,  anno 
1598,  and  sindrie  terms  preceding,  xx.  li.  For  the  last  half- 
year  he  had  three  women  servants.  His  buiks  of  natural  his- 
tory he  bequeathed  to  his  son  Mr.  William,  and  all  his  books 
of  theologie  and  human  history,  estimat  to  j'^  li.,  to  his  three 
sons-in-law,  Mr.  David  Spens,  Mr.  John  Row,  and  David 
Ramsay,  ordaining  the  two  former  to  satisfie  the  latter,  "  be- 
cause the  buiks  cannot  be  profitable  to  him." '  He  married 
Isobel  Durhame,  and  had  five  sons  and  four  daughters : 
WilHam,  physician,  Dundee ;  Patrick,  Robert,  David,  John, 
Margaret,  married  Mr.  David  Spens,  min.  of  Kirkcaldy  ;  Janet, 
Grisell,  married  Mr.  John  Row,  min,  of  Carnock,  and  Isobell. 
Publications. — 'An  Answer  to  ane  Epistle  written  by 
Renat  Benedict  the  French  Doctor,  Professor  of  God's  Word, 
to  John  Knox  and  the  rest  of  his  brethren,  ministers  of  the 
Word  of  God.'  Edin.  1563,  sm.  oct.  '  Ane  Sermon  preichit 
before  the  Regent  and  Nobilitie  upon  a  part  of  the  3'°  chapter 
of  the  Prophet  Malachi  in  the  kirk  of  Leith.  Sanctandrois, 
1572,  sm.  oct.  '  Scottish  Proverbs,  gathered  together.'  Edin. 
1641,  quarto.  '  Tracts '  (printed  for  the  Bannatyne  Club,  1860). 
— [Spottiswood,  Row,  Keith,  and  Calderwood's  Hist.  Booh  of 
the  Kirk,  Sess.  and  Test.  Reg.,  Reg.  Min.,  Assig.  and  Deeds 
xxxiv.,  Exclieq.  Buik;  Wodrow  Miscell. ;  Melville's  Autohio. ; 
Scott's  Reformers ;  M'Crie's  Knox  and  Melville ;  Fernie  and 
other  Hist,  of  Dunfermline ;  Henderson's  Proverbs  ;  Thom- 
son's Dundee,  etc.] 

Beath  {Dunfermline). 

1815.  James  Fergusson,  a  native  of  Blair- Athole,  lie.  St, 
Andrews  1809,  ord.  Dalkeith,  ass.  at  Inveresk  1813,  pres.  by 
Earl  of  Moray  1815  ;  D.D.  Glas.  Un.  1848,  and  died  19th  March 
1866  in  his  85th  year  and  53rd  min.  Married,  3rd  Feb.  1814, 
Catherine  Mackie,  Avho  died  11th  April  1866.  Publication. — 
'  Account  of  Parish '  {New  Stat.  Ace.  ix.) — [Pres.  and  Syn. 
Reg.,  etc.] 

Forfar.     Strathniartin  {Dundee). 

1664.  David  Fergusson,  A.M.,  great-grandson  of  David  Fer- 
gusson, min.  of  Dunfermline,  grad.  St.  Andrews  1648,  adm.  prior 
to  18th  May  1664,  continued  6th  Feb.  1689.     After  his  death 

FEECtUSONS  in  fife  and  FOEFAK  331 

church  declared  vacant,  29th  July  1696.  He  mortified  in  1695 
vj™  merks  for  two  boys  to  be  maintained  at  school,  and,  if 
capable,  as  bursars  in  St.  Leonard's  College,  St.  Andrews,  for 
four  years.  The  patronage  is  vested  in  the  Provost  of  Dundee, 
David  Graham  of  Fintry,  Sir  James  Kinloch  of  Kinloch,  his 
niece  Barbara  Ferguson,  wife  of  Mr.  Alexander  Graham  of 
Kincaldrum,  and  their  heirs  and  successors. — [Act.  Red.  Un. 
St.  And. ;  Pres.  and  St.  Andreius  Syn.  Reg. ;  Evidence  on  Un. 
iii. ;  Fergusson's  Tracts;  MS.  Account  of  Min.,  1689;  Reg. 
Gen.  Ass.,  1692;  Inq.  Ret.  Gen.,  810;  Thomson's  Dundee.'\ 

Dunnichen  {Forfar). 

1763.  Griffith  Ferguson,  He.  Pr.  of  Dundee,  1st  Oct.  1760, 
pres.  by  George  iii.  June,  and  ord.  1st  Sept.  1763.  Died  22nd 
July  1787,  in  24th  min.  He  marr.,  30th  March  1764,  Cecilia 
Eonald,  who  married  again  25th  Nov.  1795. — [Pres.  and  Syn. 
Reg.,  etc.] 

1837.  Donald  Ferguson,^  pres.  by  William  iv.  and  ord.  (ass. 
and  sue.)  25th  Aug.  Joined  Free  Church.  Subsequently 
F.C.  minister  at  Liverpool,  Kilmadock,  and  Leven.  Married 
5th  March  1846.  Piihlications. — 'Covenanting  with  God. 
Two  Discourses.  Dundee,  1844.  '  A  Pastor's  parting  prayer 
for  his  people.'  Lecture  xii.  {Free  Ch.  Pul^nt,  iii.) — [Presb. 
Acts  of  Ass.,  1843,  etc.] 

1699.  James  Ferguson,  A.M.,  trans,  from  Eoberton  near 
Hawdck,  adm.  20th  April.  As  an  indemnification  for  his 
losses  in  the  Darien  Expedition  he  got  the  gift  of  a  house  and 
a  piece  of  ground  from  the  Exchequer,  and  died  in  May  1737, 
aged  about  82,  in  41st  min.  His  eccentricity  of  manner  and 
freedom  of  speech,  even  in  the  pulpit,  and  his  homely  and 
personal  illustrations,  sometimes  gave  great  offence.  He 
raised  an  action  against  the  magistrates  for  payment  of  Ixxx, 
merks  as  house  rent,  for  which  the  Lords  of  Session,  22nd 
January  1715,  found  them  liable  in  all  time  coming.  He 
also  had  a  gift  from  William  iii.,  9th  May  1701,  of  the 
yard  or  orchard  in  the  abbey,  which  belonged  formerly  to  the 

^  See  chapter  ii. — 'Fergusson  of  Easter  Dalnabreck.' 


Bishop  of  Brechin,  in  room  of  his  glebe  at  Roberton.  He 
married  in  August  1705,  Margaret,  daughter  of  James  Dou- 
gall  of  Nunlands. — [Presh.  Syn.  Edin.  (Marr)  and  Test.  Reg. 
(St.  And.  and  Edin.) ;  Bruce's  Decisions ;  Tomhst.  Reg.  Sec. 
Sigill. ;  Scots  Mag.  88 ;  Neiv  Stat.  Ace.  xi. ;  Dougald's  East 
Coast ;  Jervise's  Memorials.'] 

Farnell  {Brechin). 

1716.  David  Fergussone,  hcensed  by  Presbytery  of  Dal- 
keith, 15th  March  1714.  Called  jure  devoluto  and  ordained 
4th  October  1716.  His  house  was  robbed  by  a  gang  of 
housebreakers  and  robbers,  11th  February  1747,  and  a  silver 
watch,  about  £10  in  cash,  and  other  things  carried  off:  died 
14th  August  1751,  in  35th  min.,  leaving  a  son  who  succeeded 
to  the  benefice,  and  four  daughters,  Margaret,  Jean,  Janet, 
and  Katherine. — [Presh.  Syn.  and  Test.  Reg.  (Brechin) ;  Scots 
Mag.  ix. ;  Toonbst,  etc.] 

1751.  David  Fergusson,  son  of  the  preceding,  licensed  2nd 
May  1750 ;  pres.  by  George  ii.  in  April,  and  ord.  ass.  and 
sue.  25th  July  1751.  Died  4th  December  1793  in  his 
70th  year,  and  43rd  min.  He  married,  8th  May  1755,  Janet 
Mitchell,  who  died  8th  November  1796,  and  had  two  sons — 
Andrew,  minister  of  Maryton,  Mr.  Patrick,  and  a  daughter 
Anna.  Publication. — Account  of  the  Parish  (Old  Stat. 
Ace.  iii.)     [Presh.  and  Syn.  Reg.,  Tomhst.,  etc.] 

Maryton,  or  Old  Montrose  (Brechin). 

1795.  Andrew  Ferguson,  A.M.,  son  of  Rev.  David  Ferguson 
of  Farnell;  graduated,  Aberdeen  1787;  ordained  as  assistant  to 
his  father,  16th  October  1793;  pres.  by  George  iii.  1795. 
Joined  Free  Church ;  died  24th  October  1843  in  75th  year 
and  51st  min.  Married,  27th  December  1800,  EHzabeth, 
daughter  of  Rev.  William  Bruce  of  the  Episcopal  Church, 
Arbroath,  and  had  a  son,  the  Rev.  David  Scott  Ferguson, 
minister  of  Strachan.  Publications. — Account  of  Parish 
(New  Stat.  Ace.  xi.).  Articles  in  Brewster's  Edinburgh 
Encyclopoedia. — [Degrees  Maris.  Coll. ;  Pres.  and  Syn.  Reg. ; 
Tomhst,  etc.] 


Kincardineshire.    Strachan  (Kincardine  O'Neil). 

1836.  David  Scott  Fergiisson,  son  of  Rev.  Andrew  Fer- 
gusson  of  Maryton,  lie.  Brechin,  1831  ;  pres.  by  Sir  James 
Carnegie  of  Soutliesk,  1835,  and  ad.  10th  June  following. 
Joined  Free  Church ;  married  21st  June  1836.  Publication. 
— Account  of  the  Parish  {New  Stat.  Ace.  xi.). — [Presb.  Beg. ; 
Acts  of  Ass.,  1843,  etc.] 



In  Ayrshire,  and  especially  in  Carrick,  the  Fergussons  are  an 
old,  and  have  been  a  numerous  race.  The  ancient  house  of 
Kilkerran  claims  descent  from  Fergus  son  of  Fergus,  who 
obtained  a  charter  of  lands  in  Ayrshire  from  Robert  i.,  and, 
like  other  Scottish  baronial  families  of  high  standing,  it  is 
found  surrounded  and  supported  by  cadet  branches  who  took 
rank  among  the  landholders  of  the  district.  In  1466  Fergus 
Fergusson  and  Joneta  Kennedy,  his  spouse,  were  infeft  in  the 
lands  of  AuchinsouU  during  the  lifetime  of  his  father ;  and 
when,  in  1483,  Fergus  had  to  claim  his  '  heirship  moveables,' 
it  throws  an  interesting  light  on  the  social  habits  of  the  time 
to  find  that  they  consisted  of '  12  silver  spoons,  a  pot  of  a  gallon, 
a  ring  of  gold,  a  croce  of  gold,  and  a  gray  horse.'  Lairds  of 
Kilkerran  and  their  kin  appear  engaged  in  the  feudal  brawls 
that  were  common  throughout  Scotland,  but  in  which  Ayr- 
shire at  one  time  almost  enjoyed  a  pre-eminence,  and  in  which 
the  brother  of  the  Laird  of  Threave,  known  as  '  Davie  the 
Devill,'  must  have  been  a  <2food  kinsman  to  have  at  hand. 
Sir  John  of  Kilkerran  appears  as  a  Cavalier  in  the  civil  wars, 
in  a  country  where  Covenanting  strength  was  overwhelming, 
and  indeed  had  to  admit  that  '  he  was  in  Kilmarnock  with 
Alaster,'  and  with  Montrose  at  Loudonhill.  The  difficulties 
in  which  the  estate  was  involved  through  the  burdens 
incurred  in  loyal  service  to  the  king,  led  to  the  transfer  of 
the  lands  in  1700  to  the  able  representative  of  a  younger  son, 
the  Fergussons  of  Auchinblain  making  over  the  estate  to 
John,  son  of  Simon  of  Auchinwin.  Upon  the  extinction  of 
the  elder  branch,  his  family  became  the  lineal  representatives, 
and  he  had  a  distinguished  and  fortunate  career  at  the  Scot- 
tish bar.     In  1703  he  was  created  a  baronet,  and  his  son,  Sir 


James,  followed  his  jDrofession  with  even  greater  distinction. 
He  became  member  for  the  county  of  Sutherland  in  1784,  was 
the  compiler  of  Kilkerran's  Decisions,  and  was  raised  to  the 
bench  as  Lord  Kilkerran,  being  regarded  as  one  of  the  ablest 
lawj'ers  of  his  time.  One  of  his  sons  also  became  a  judge  as 
Lord  Hermand.  He  it  was  who  insisted  on  reading  aloud  a 
passage  from  Waveiiey  on  the  bench,  and  he  was  certainly 
one  of  the  last  of  the  old  race  of  Scottish  advocates.  His 
vast  store  of  anecdotes  and  amusing  stories,  with  a  vein  of 
dry  caustic  humour  pecidiarly  his  own,  rendered  his  society 
most  fascinating.  His  elder  brother.  Sir  Adam  Fergusson, 
represented  Ayrshire  for  eighteen  years,  and  the  city  of  Edin- 
burgh for  four ;  and  in  the  present  head  of  the  family  the 
name  of  Fergusson  has  been  represented,  not  only  in  Parlia- 
ment, but  in  the  Government  of  the  Queen. 

The  leadinsf  cadet  families  of  the  name  seem  to  have  been 
those  of  Dalduff,  on  the  south  bank  of  the  Girvan  water, 
whose  names  appear  from  about  1550  to  1650 ;  of  Auchensoull, 
which  seems  to  have  had  a  separate  existence  from  about 
1564  to  1781 :  of  Threave,  which  started  with  a  feu-right  from 
the  Commendator  of  Crossraguel  in  1581  ;  of  Letterpyn,  one 
of  whom  was  at  Both  well  Bridge ;  of  Finnart,  settled  at  Glen- 
app  for  more  than  two  hundred  years,  and  now  represented  by 
Fergusson-Kennedy  of  Bennane  ;  of  Millenderdaill,  apparently 
an  offshoot  of  the  seventeenth  century ;  of  the  Craig,  who  also 
appear  in  the  seventeenth  and  eighteenth  centuries ;  and  of 
Castlehill,  apparently  also  now  represented  by  Fergusson- 
Kennedy  of  Bennane.  There  have  also  been  the  Fergussons 
of  Bank,  Crossbill,  Monkwood,  and  Trochraigue,  with  their 
descendants,  Ferofusson-Hume  of  Bassendean  and  Fercrusson- 
Pollok,  from  whom  came  James  Fergusson,  the  author  of 
useful  books  on  certain  departments  of  Scottish  law,  James 
Fergusson,  the  Avriter  on  architecture,  and  John  Fergusson  of 
Doonholm,  an  enterprising  Indian  merchant,  who  left  a 
bequest  which  was  the  germ  of  the  Ayr  Academy.  John  of 
Barclauchanan  was  Commissioner  of  Militia  for  Carrick  in 
1689,  and  John  of  Rainstoun  appears  as  a  J.P.  for  Wigton- 
shire.  Thomas  of  Finnarts  was  forfeited  after  the  Restora- 
tion, but  restored  after  the  Revolution,  and  with  Hew  of 



Mains  was  fined  £600,  while  John  of  Millander  was  mulcted 
in  £1000  in  1662.  The  families  of  Aiichensoiill  and  Threave 
would  appear  now  to  be  represented  by  the  Rev.  William 
rergusson,^  until  lately  minister  of  the  Free  Church  at  Ellon, 
Aberdeenshire,  son  of  Lieut.  James  Hamilton  Fergusson,  57th 
Foot,  and  grandson  of  James  Fergusson  of  Littleton.  In  the 
following  pages  notices  of  these  different  families  in  county 
histories  are  collected,  and  supplemented  by  extracts  from 
other  public  sources,  relating  to  them  and  to  other  indivi- 
duals of  the  name  connected  with  Ayrshire. 



The  following  account  of  the  family  of  Kilkerran  is  taken 
from  volume  viii.  of  Playfair's  British  Family  Antiquity,  pub- 
lished in  1811,  containing  the  '  Baronetage  of  Scotland.'  Sir 
James  Fergusson  of  Kilkerran  informs  us  that  it  was  '  written 
or  revised  by  Lord  Hermand,  and  contains  practically  all  that 
is  known  of  the  early  history  of  his  family.  Its  phraseology 
bears  evidence  of  the  Judge's  hand,  and  it  may  therefore  be 
accepted  as  an  original  narrative  from  the  most  authoritative 

^  See  his  Memorandum,  infra. 



After  much  inquiry  and  investigation  it  has  not  been 
found  possible,  from  any  documents  now  extant,  to  ascertain 
the  origin  of  this  family.  That  it  is  of  great  antiquity  there 
is  no  doubt.  Certain  it  is  that  there  is  no  tradition  in  the 
country,  nor,  as  far  as  has  been  discovered,  any  vestige,  either 
in  the  public  records  or  in  the  charter-chest  of  any  private 
family,  of  the  lands  of  Kilkerran  having  ever  belonged  to  any 
other  name  or  family.  The  old  castle  of  Kilkerran — a  build- 
ing almost  entire,  and  of  cut  stone — appears,  from  the  form  of 
its  architecture,  to  have  been  built  at  least  as  long  ago  as  the 
thirteenth  or  fourteenth  century,  and  is  one  of  the  most 
curious  remains  of  that  kind  of  work  in  Scotland :  but  by 
whom  it  was  built  it  is  now  impossible  to  ascertain. 

[Kilkerran^  is  a  district  in  the  parish  of  Dailly,  in  Ayrshire, 
through  which  runs  the  water  of  Girvan.  The  whole  parish 
is  one  immense  valley,  exhibiting  as  great  a  variety  of  surftice 
as  any  part  of  equal  extent  in  the  kingdom,  consisting  of 
gentle  and  irregTilar  slopes,  interspersed  with  knolls,  glens, 
and  meadows,  thickly  studded  both  with  natural  and  artifi- 
cial woods,  and  contrasting  finely  with  the  bleak  and  barren 
moors  which  occupy  the  summits  of  the  surrounding  hills. 
The  most  romantic  part  of  the  parish  is  that  district  immedi- 
ately round  Kilkerran,  which  is  now  likely  to  become  an 
object  of  curiosity  to  the  tourist,  as  the  good  taste  of  the 
present  possessor  has  made  its  beauties  more  accessible  by  a 
path  of  considerable  length  cut  along  the  verge  of  the  preci- 
pice, and  overlooking  the  dashing  torrent,  and  also  added  to 
them  by  the  judicious  distribution  of  modern  planting.  This 
is  still  called  the  '  Lady  Glen,'  from  an  ancient  chapel,  now 
mouldering  into  dust,  at  the  lower  extremity  of  this  wild 
and  romantic  dell.] 

The  want  of  information  from  the  public  records  of  the  de- 
scent of  this  family  is  probably  owing  to  the  lands  composing 
the  barony  of  Kilkerran — ^thougli  now,  and  for  a  long  period  of 
time,  held  of  the  crown — having  been  formerly  held  of  the 
Earls  of  Cassilis :  and  the  whole  of  the  old  writings  of  that 

'  [Passages  in  l^rackets  are  notes  in  original.] 


family  having  been  lost  and  destroyed  by  neglect,  the  informa- 
tion that  might  have  been  had  by  inspection  of  the  chartu- 
laries  of  that  family  is  not  now  to  be  obtained. 

Mr.  Nisbet  mentions  a  charter  from  King  Robert  i.  of 
some  lands  in  the  shire  of  Ayr,  '  Fergusio  Fergnsii  filio,'  for 
which  he  refers  to  Haddington's  Collection ;  and  there  is  no 
doubt  that  such  a  charter  is  there  mentioned.  But  though 
there  neither  is,  nor  is  known  to  have  been,  any  family  in 
that  county  that  has  so  fair  a  claim  to  be  considered  as 
having  a  connection  with  that  charter,  yet  as  the  lands 
mentioned  in  it  are  not  known  to  have  belonged  to  the 
family  of  Kilkerran,  there  is  no  absolute  evidence  of  the 
family  being  descended  from  the  person  in  whose  favour 
that  charter  was  granted. 

The  first  clear  and  undoubted  charter  of  the  family  that  we 
have  met  with  is  dated  the  21st  of  April  1466,  and  is  granted 
by  King  James  iii.  '  Fergusio  Fergusson  et  Janetse  Kennedy 
sponsffi  suse  terrarum  de  Auchinsoul  et  duarum  mercat. 
Terrarum  jacent.  prope  Castrum  de  Keirs,  et  duarum  mercat 
terrarum  prope  Lochspallander.'  This  charter,  which  is  in 
the  6th  Book,  No.  64  of  the  Public  Register,  proceeds  upon 
the  resignation  of  John  Ferguson  of  Kilkerran,  and  contains 
the  following  clause :  '  Tenendo  diet,  terras,  cum  pertinent,  de 
nobis  et  heredibus  et  successoribus  nostris,  adeo  libere  quiete, 
etc.  Sicut  ipse  Joannes  et  predecessoribus  nostris  ante  diet. 
Resignationem  nobis  inde  factam,  liberius  tenuit  sen  possidit, 
tenuerunt  sen  possiderunt.'  It  is  plainly  a  family  settlement 
by  the  above  John  Fergusson  of  Kilkerran,  probably  in 
favour  of  his  son ;  and  it  provides  that,  failing  heirs  of  the 
marriage  of  Fergus  and  of  Janet  Kennedy,  the  lands  shall 
return  to  the  nearest  heirs  of  John  whatsoever. 

Duncan  Fergusson  of  Kilkerran  is  a  witness  to  a  charter 
by  James  Kennedy  of  Blairquhan  to  Archibald  Mure  of  the 
lands  of  Burnfoot  and  Merkland  of  Carnwhin,  dated  the  9th 
of  February  1547.  This  charter  is  in  the  hands  of  John 
M'Fadyen  of  Carnwhin,  who  holds  these  lands  of  Burnfoot 
and  Carnwhin  by  charter  from  Sir  Adam  Fergusson  of  Kil- 
kerran, Bart. 

Bernard    Fergusson   of    Kilkerran,   probably    the    son   of 


Duncan,  grants  a  charter  to  James  Ross  of  the  ten-shilling 
land  of  Clenreoch,  to  be  held  of  himself  This  charter,  which 
is  dated  the  5th  of  January  1566,  is  in  the  charter-chest  of 
the  family  of  Stair.  There  is,  in  the  charter-chest  of  Kil- 
kerran,  a  letter  of  reversion  by  Adam  Boyd  of  Penkill  of  a 
wadset  granted  to  him  by  Bernard  and  Simeon  Fergussons, 
elder  and  younger  of  Kilkerran,  dated  the  18th  of  January 
1589.  In  the  same  repository  is  a  bond  of  wadset  of  the 
Merkland  of  Maldonach  by  Simeon  Fergusson,  the  younger 
of  Kilkerran,  to  (^uintin  Kennedy  of  Drummelland,  for  three 
hundred  merks,  dated  the  7th  of  February  1586. 

Simeon  Fergusson  married  Christian  Forrester,  daughter 
of  —  Forrester  of  Carden.  This  lady,  after  the  death  of  her 
husband,  was  married  to  Gilbert  Ross,  Provost  of  the  Col- 
legiate CJhurch  of  Maybole,  the  son  of  Avhich  marriage  had  a 
daughter,  Margaret  Ross,  married  to  the  Viscount  of  Stair. 

Sir  John  Fergusson  of  Kilkerran,  son  of  Simeon  last  men- 
tioned and  Christian  Forrester,  was  possessed  of  a  large 
estate  in  the  shire  of  Ayr,  and  also  of  property  in  Galloway  ; 
but  having  by  his  adherence  to  the  interest  of  Charles  i.,  for 
which  he  got  no  other  compensation  than  the  honour  of 
knighthood,  contracted  large  debts,  the  lands  of  Kilkerran 
were  adjudged  from  his  eldest  son,  Alexander,  by  James 
Sydserf ;  and  the  adjudication  was  transferred  by  him  to  the 
Lord  Bargany. 

[By  his  attachment  to  the  loyal  cause,  this  Sir  John 
incurred  all  the  malice  of  the  opposite  party :  in  the  eighth 
article  of  the  charges  against  the  Duke  of  Hamilton  ho  is 
also  brought  forward  in  a  most  extraordinary  manner,  but 
which,  even  if  true,  must  be  considered  as  redounding  highly 
to  his  credit  for  his  constancy  and  consistency  in  the  cause 
which  he  had  adopted  and  faithfully  adhered  to. 

'  One  particular  omitted  above  is  not  amiss  to  be  here 
inserted :  at  what  time  the  business  of  the  Scottish  Covenant 
was  at  the  greatest  height,  a  distressed  gentleman  of  Scot- 
land, Sir  John  Ferguson,  desired  the  loan  of  some  money 
from  Sir  John  Hamilton  of  Broomhill  (whose  relation  and 
interest  every  Avay  to  the  Duke  are  known  to  every  one  who 
knows  them  both),  who  answered  him  in  flat  terms  he  would 


neither  give  nor  lend  him  a  penny,  except  he  and  his  sons 
would  bind  themselves  to  go  home  and  sign  the  Covenant, 
upon  which  condition  he  offered  to  lend  him  what  he 

It  is  needless  in  this  place,  so  far  as  regards  the  Duke,  to 
expatiate  on  the  absurdity  of  such  a  charge ;  but  the  Duke 
in  his  answer  to  it  expressly  declared  that  for  his  part  he 
knew  nothing  of  any  conversation  which  might  have  passed 
between  Sir  John  Hamilton  and  Sir  John  Ferguson,  nor  did 
he  consider  himself  accountable  for  what  others,  whatever 
their  dependence  on  him  might  be,  had  spoken ;  and  then 
concluded  with  saying,  'he  knows  not  whether  Sir  John 
Ferguson  ever  took  the  Covenant  or  not ;  but  this  he  knows 
well,  that  he  did  recommend  him  to  His  Majesty  as  one  that 
suffered  much  for  adhering  to  his  duty  to  His  Majesty,  and 
did  procure  several  marks  of  His  Majesty's  favour  for  him  '— 
a  testimony  too  honourable  to  be  omitted  here.] 

This  reverse  in  the  fortune  of  the  family,  in  addition  to 
other  misfortunes,  is  the  apparent  cause  of  the  loss  of  most  of 
the  old  writings  of  the  estate,  which,  if  extant,  might  have  led 
to  more  accurate  information  respecting  the  earlier  history  of 
the  family.  This  Sir  John  Fcrgusson  married  Helen  Kennedy, 
daughter  of  Sir  Thomas  Kennedy  of  Culzean,  second  son  to 
Gilbert,  the  third  Earl  of  Cassilis,  which  Helen  was  widow  of 

—  Mure  of  Auchendrain.  Of  this  marriage  there  were  four 
sons — Alexander,  who  succeeded  his  father ;  James  and  John, 
who  were  both  captains  in  the  army  during  the  Civil  Wars, 
and  died  unmarried ;  and  Simeon,  who  was  the  proprietor  of 
the  lands  and  estate  of  Auchinwin. 

[This  Alexander  married  Margaret  Sydserf,  daughter  of 

—  Sydserf,  first  Bishop  of  Galloway,  afterwards  translated  to 
the  See  of  Edinburgh  ;  by  this  marriage  he  had  two  sons — 
Alexander,  and  James,  who  became  a  clergyman  in  England. 
Alexander  married  Catherine,  clauofhter  to  Sir  William  Weir 
of  Stonebyi'es,  by  whom  he  had  three  sons — 1.  John,  married 
Marijaret,  dausfhter  of  David  Crawford  of  Kerse,  but  died 
without  male  issue,  leaving  a  daughter  only ;  2.  William, 
married  Agnes,  eldest  daughter  and  co-heiress  of  John 
Kennedy   of  Auchinblain,   a   grandson   of  —   Kennedy   of 


Knockdon  ;  and  3.  Alexander,  died  at  the  unfortunate  settle- 
ment of  Darien.  We  are  further  informed  by  Nisbct  that 
John,  the  eldest  son,  and  Alexander  his  father,  sold  the  lands 
of  Kilkerran  to  Sir  John,  the  first  Baronet,  in  the  year  1700  ; 
he  also  adds  that  he  saw  a  separate  writ  signed  by  Alexander 
the  father,  and  the  sons  John  and  William,  by  which  they 
cheerfully  renounce  all  interest  and  title  they  in  any  manner 
of  way  pretend  to  the  above  lands,  and  wish  a  happy  enjoy- 
ment thereof  to  the  said  Sir  John  and  his.  '  Yet  still  the 
primogeniture  and  right  of  blood,  as  heir-male,  is  in  the 
person  of  William  Ferguson  of  Auchinblain.'] 

Simeon  Fergusson,  who  acquired  the  lands  of  Auchinwin 
and  other  parts  of  the  estate  of  Kilkerran  by  adjudication 
led  at  his  instance  against  his  brother  Alexander,  married 
Jean  Craufurd,  daughter  of  —  Craufurd  of  Balsarroch,  by 
whom  he  had  a  son, 

John,  afterwards  Sir  John  Fergusson,  Bart.,  avIio,  having 
applied  to  the  bar  at  which  he  was  eminently  successful,  did, 
with  the  concurrence  of  Alexander  Fergusson,  son  to  his 
uncle  Alexander,  and  of  John  Fergusson,  son  to  the  said 
Alexander,  advance  the  money  necessary  for  clearing  off  the 
adjudication  of  the  lands  held  by  Lord  Bargany.  And  Alex- 
ander, with  his  sons  John  and  William,  having  by  a  formal 
declaration  in  his  favour  renounced  all  right,  title,  and 
interest  which  they  could  pretend  to  the  estate,  or  to  the 
reversion  thereof,  Sir  John  assumed  the  title  of  Fergusson 
of  Kilkerran,  of  which  family,  upon  the  extinction  of  the  male 
issue  of  Alexander  Fergusson  and  his  sons,  his  descendants 
became  of  course  the  lineal  representatives. 

In  the  year  1703,  Sir  John  Fergusson  was  created  a  Baronet 
by  patent  from  Her  Majesty  Queen  Anne  to  him  and  the  heirs- 
male  of  his  body.  In  the  year  1680  he  married  Jean  White- 
foord,  daughter  of  James  Whitefoord  of  Dinduff,  by  —  Blair, 
daughter  of  Sir  Adam  Blair  of  Blair,  and  sister  to  Sir  Adam 
Whitefoord  of  Blairquhan,  Bart. 

In  the  year  1729  Sir  John  died,  leaving  two  sons — Sir 
James,  who  succeeded  him ;  and  Adam,  a  major  in  the  army, 
died  in  1770  ;  and  one  daughter — Jean,  married  to  Alexander 
M'Dowall  of  Garthland. 


Sir  James  Fergusson  of  Kilkerran,  Bart.,  who  succeeded 
his  father,  Sir  John,  was  an  eminent  lawyer,  and  in  1749 
became  a  Judge  both  of  the  Court  of  Session  and  Court  of 

[His  title  was  '  Lord  Kilkerran,'  and  his  patriotic  exertions 
were  not  confined  to  the  judicial  department  alone,  as  he 
paid  great  attention  to  the  agricultural  improvement  of 
his  native  country.  His  attention  to  planting  acted  power- 
fully as  a  stimulus  to  his  neighbours,  and  the  plantations 
on  the  Kilkerran  estate  by  himself  and  his  son.  Sir  Adam, 
amount  to  upwards  of  four  hundred  acres.] 

He  married  Lady  Jean  Maitland,  the  only  child  of  James, 
Lord  Maitland,  eldest  son  of  John,  Earl  of  Lauderdale,  by 
Lady  Jean  Sutherland,  eldest  daughter  of  John,  Earl  of 
Sutherland.  Of  this  marriage  there  were  nine  sons — 1.  John, 
2.  James,  3.  Adam,  4.  William,  5.  a  second  James,  6.  Archi- 
l)ald,  7.  Charles,  8.  George,  and  9.  a  third  James ;  and  five 
daughters — 1.  Jane,  2.  Margaret,  3.  Helen,  4.  EUzabeth,  5,  a 
second  Helen — in  all  fourteen.  Of  the  sons  only  five  attained 
the  age  of  manhood — viz.  John,  who  had  entered  into  the 
army,  but  died  in  the  twenty-second  year  of  his  age  un- 
married ; 

[He  was  Cornet  in  Sir  John  Mordaunt's  Dragoons,  and 
was  a  youth  of  great  hopes.  In  a  character  given  of  him  at 
the  time  he  is  described  to  have  been  blessed  with  a  happy 
genius  and  good  education,  and  to  have  acquired  a  stock  of 
knowledge  uncommon  for  his  years  ;  his  benevolent  disposi- 
tion, and  the  sweetest  natural  temper,  joined  to  a  life  of  strict 
virtue,  loft  the  happiest  impressions  of  his  character,  and  he 
died  much  lamented.] 

Adam,  who  succeeded  to  his  father ;  Charles,  a  merchant 
in  London,  who  in  17G4  married  Miss  Fordyce  of  New  Broad 
Street ;  George,  who  applied  to  the  bar,  and  is  now  a  Lord  of 
Session  and  Justiciary  ;  and  James,  who  died  in  the  island  of 
Tobago  in  1778,  having  settled  upon  an  estate  purchased  for 
him  in  that  island.  Of  the  daughters,  two  died  young ;  Jean 
and  Margaret  died  unmarried  ;  and  the  youngest,  Helen,  was 
married  to  Sir  David  Dalrymple  of  Hailes,  Bart.,  Secretary 
of  the  College  of  Justice,  and  Lord  of  Justiciary.     Sir  James 


Fergusson  sat  in  Parliament  for  Sutherlandsliire  from  1734, 
and  died  the  20tli  January  1759,  aged  seventy-one.  He  was 
succeeded  by  his  third  son,  Adam,  above  mentioned,  now  Sir 
Adam  Fergusson. 

Sir  Adam  Fergusson  of  Kilkerran,  Bart.,  LL.D.,  was  for 
two-and-twenty  years  a  Member  of  Parliament — viz,  from 
1774  to  179G — having  for  eighteen  of  these  years  represented 
the  County  of  Ayr  in  three  Parliaments,  and  for  four  years 
sat  for  the  County  of  Edinburgh. 

[On  an  impartial  retrospect  of  his  parliamentary  life  we 
feel  disposed  to  confess  that  there  never  was  a  Member  of 
the  Lower  House  who  displayed  a  spirit  of  patriotism  less 
influenced  by  party.  .  .  .  Since  this  period  he  has  lived  in 
dimiified  retirement,  but  still  continuin<>'  his  exertions  as  a 
private  country  gentleman.] 

Upon  the  death  of  John,  Earl  of  Glencairn,  in  1790,  Sir 
Adam  Fergusson  entered  a  claim  to  the  House  of  Lords  for 
the  titles  of  Earl  of  Glencairn  and  Lord  Kilmaurs,  as  lineally 
descended  from,  and  heir-general  to  Alexander,  created  Earl 
of  Glencairn  in  14S(S,  and  to  Alexander,  Earl  of  Glencairn, 
Avho  died  in  1070,  whose  eldest  daughter.  Lady  Margaret 
Cunino'ham,  was  the  wife  of  John,  Earl  of  Lauderdale,  and 
mother  of  James,  Lord  Maitland,  Sir  Adam's  orandfather. 

It  does  not  belong  to  a  work  of  this  kind  to  enter  into 
points  of  law.  The  judgment  of  the  Lords  was :  '  That 
Sir  Adam  Fergusson  has  shown  himself  to  be  heir-general 
of  Alexander,  Earl  of  Glencairn,  who  died  in  1070,  but  had 
not  made  out  the  right  of  such  heir  to  the  dignity  of  Earl 
of  Glencairn.' 

The  following  account  of  the  Kilkerran  family  in  Paterson's 
History  of  Ayrshire  Families}  affords  some  additional  par- 
ticulars to  those  given  in  Lord  Hermand's  narrative : — 

'  The  Fergussons  of  Kilkerran  are  an  old  family  in  Carrick.  The 
first  of  them  mentioned  is — 

'  I.  Fergus,  son  of  Fergus,  who  obtained  a  charter  of  certain 
lands  in  Ayrshire  from  Robert  I. 

1  Vol.  i.  p.  390,  heading— '  Parish  of  Dailly.' 


'  II.  John  Fergusson  of  Kilkerran  resigns  a  part  of  his  estate  in 
1466  to 

'  III.  Fergus  Fergusson,  his  son,  and  Janet  Kennedy,  his  spouse. 

'IV.  Duncan  Fergusson  of  Kilkerran.  During  the  lifetime  of 
his  father  he  had  the  "place  of  Barnefute." 

'V.  Barnard  Fergusson  of  Kilkerran.  In  1564  he,  along  with 
his  brothers  Thomas  and  David,  and  fifty-one  others,  were  delatit 
for  invading  the  Laird  of  Camlarg  in  a  fenced  Court  of  the  Sherifi' 
of  Ayr.     He  married  Jonet  Ritchie,  by  whom  he  had  a  son,i 

'VI.  Symon  Fergusson  of  Kilkerran,  who  seems  to  have  suc- 
ceeded to  the  property  before  the  death  of  his  father,  whom  he 
also  predeceased.  He  is  mentioned  as  having  appeared  before 
arbiters  in  a  case  between  him  and  Duncan  Crawford,  son  and 
heir  of  the  late  John  Crawford  of  Camlarg,  in  1588.  He  married 
Cristiane  Forester,  and  had  issue  John,  his  successor,  and  another 
child.  He  died  in  1591.  (By  his  will,— quoted, — he  nominated  Sir 
Thomas  Kennedy  of  Culzean,  Ninian  Adair  of  Kilhilt,  and  Gilbert 
Fergusson  of  Dulduff,  tutors  to  his  son,  and  left  "in  legacie  to  ye 
said  Cristiane,  his  spous,  his  hors  and  his  naig.")  He  was  suc- 
ceeded by  his  son, 

'VII.  Mr.  Johnne  Fergusson-  of  Kilkerrane,  so  styled  in  the 
testament  of  John  Davidsoun  of  Penny  glen,  near  May  bole,  in  1614. 
He  is  mentioned  in  the  same  way  in  similar  documents  in  1616, 
1618,  and  1621.     He  was  succeeded  by  his  son, 

'  VIII.  Sir  John  Fergusson  of  Kilkerran,  who  heartily  espoused 
the  cause  of  Charles  I.  in  the  Civil  Wars.  His  name,  as  well  as 
that  of  his  son,  is  mentioned  in  the  list  of  disafiected  in  Ayrshire 
who  gave  countenance  to  Montrose  in  1645.  For  so  doing  he  was 
summoned  before  the  Presbytery  of  Ayr,  and  had  either  to  express 
contrition  for  the  ofience  or  submit  to  excommunication.  He 
admitted  "  that  he  was  in  Kilmarnock  Avith  Alaster  "  (i.e.  Alexander 
Macdonald),  that  he  had  been  with  Montrose  at  Loudoun  hill,  but 
"  Avas  never  mynclit  to  follow  Montrose  his  cause,"  and  submitted 
himself  to  censure.  Such  was  the  power  of  the  Church.  His  sub- 
mission, however,  did  not  prevent  him  from  continuing  to  aid  the 
royal  cause.  He  contracted  large  debts  to  raise  men  for  the  service 
of  the  King,  and  had  his  estates  sequestered  by  Cromwell.  He 
retired  abroad  during  the  Commonwealth ;  and,  returning  home  at 

1  But  see  extract  from  Com.  Records,  infra. 

-  This  John  Fergusson  lIocs  not  appear  in  Lord  Hermand's  account. 


the  Restoration,  died  soon  ufterwards.  "Honoural)le  mention," 
says  Nisbet,  "is  made  of  him  in  the  Bishop  of  8aruni's  Momnr^  of 
the  Dukes  of  Hamilton  as  one  who  had  firmly  adhered  in  his  duty 
to  the  king,  and  who  had  received  several  marks  of  his  Majesty's 
favour."  Sir  John  married  Helen  Kennedy,  daughter  of  Sir 
Thomas  Kennedy  of  Culzean,  and  by  her  had  four  sons — Alexander 
and  James  and  John,  l)oth  Captains  in  the  King's  service  during 
the  Civil  Wars,  and  Simon  of  Auchinwin.     He  Avas  succeeded  l)y 

'IX.  Alexander  Fergusson  of  Kilkerran,  who  was  retoured  as 
heir  of  his  father,  John  Fergusson  of  Kilkerran,  Militis,  in  1650, 
then  alive.  He  married  Margaret  Sydserf,  daughter  of  the  first 
Bishop  of  Galloway,  who  was  afterwards  Bishop  of  Edinburgh. 
He  had  two  sons — Alexander,  who  succeeded,  and  James,  a  clergy- 
man in  England.  (He,  it  has  been  suggested,^  may  have  been 
ancestor  of  Ferguson  of  Londonderry,  Bart.) 

'  X.  Alexander  Fergusson  of  Kilkerran,  his  son  and  successor, 
married  Katherine,  daughter  of  Sir  AVilliam  Weir  of  Stanebyres, 
and  had  three  sons  : — 

'  1.  John,  of  Barclanachan  (and  Underwood),  who  married 
Margaret,  daughter  of  David  Craufurd  of  Kerse,  but  died 
without  male  issue.  He  left  a  daughter  by  a  second 
marriage  (with  Elizaljeth,  daughter  and  heiress  of  Wm. 
Boswell  of  Knockroon).-  He  had  two  sons,  Adam  and 
William,  born  respectively  in  1693  and  1696,  who  seem  to 
have  died  young. 

'  2.  William,  married  Agnes,  eldest  daughter  and  heir-portioner 
of  John  Kennedy  of  Auchinblain,  a  grandson  of  Kemiedy 
of  Knockdon. 

'  3.  Captain  Alexander,  died  at  Darien. 

'In  1700  Alexander,  and  John  his  son,  sold  the  estate  of 
Kilkerran  to 

'  XL  Sir  John  Fergusson,  son  of  Simon  of  Auchinwin,  who, 
having  studied  for  the  Scottish  bar,  became  an  advocate  of  much 
reputation,  and  amassed  considerable  wealth.  He  advanced  money 
to  clear  off  the  debt  on  the  property,  and  in  this  way  acquired  the 
estate  from  the  elder  branches  of  the  family.  "Alexander,  the 
father,"  says  Nisbet,  "  and  John  and  AVilliam,  the  sons,  sign  a 

1  Mr.  R.  R.  Stodart's  MS.  Pedigree,  Lyon  Office. 

-  Lyon  Office  ms.  [This  daughter,  Margaret  Ferguson,  b.  1690 ;  m.  John, 
second  son  of  David  Boswell  of  Craigston,  co.  Ayr.] 


separate  writ  which  was  in  my  hands,  by  which  they  cheerfully 
renounce  all  interest  and  title  they  in  any  manner  of  way  pretend 
to  the  above  lands,  and  wishes  a  happy  enjoyment  thereof  to  the 
said  Sir  John  and  his."  He  was  created  a  Baronet  of  Nova  Scotia 
in  1703.  He  was  agent  for  the  town  of  Ayr  in  1704.  Sir  John 
married  Jean,  daughter  of  James  Whitcfoord  of  Dinduft",  and  was 
succeeded,  at  his  decease  in  1729,  by  his  eldest  son, 

'  XH.  Sir  James  Fergusson  of  Kilkerran.  Like  his  father  he 
studied  law  and  pursued  it  as  a  profession,  with  high  reputation. 
He  was  an  advocate  in  1717.  In  1733  he  acted  as  an  arbiter  in 
the  dispute  between  Kennedy  of  Baltersan  and  the  Town  of  Ayr 
resjjecting  the  Doon  fishings.  Li  1741  (1735)  he  was  nominated 
a  Judge  of  the  Court  of  Session,  and  in  1749,  also,  a  Judge  of  the 
Court  of  Justiciary,  under  the  titular  designation  of  Lord  Kilkerran. 
His  lordship  married  Jean,  only  child  of  James,  Lord  Maitland, 
and  granddaughter  of  John,  Earl  of  Lauderdale,  and  his  wife. 
Lady  Margaret  Cunninghame  (eldest  daughter  of  Alexander,  10th 
Earl  of  Glencairn),  by  whom  he  had  nine  sons  and  five  daughters. 
Of  the  former  four  attained  maturity,  viz. : — 

'  1.  Adam,  who  succeeded. 

'  2.  Charles,  who  married  Anne,  daughter  of  John  Fordyce,  Esq. 
of  Alton,  and  was  father  of  James,  who  succeeded  as  4th 
Baronet.     He  was  admitted  a  burgess  of  Ayr  in  1757. 

'  3.  James,  who  died  upon  his  estates  in  the  island  of  Tobago. 

'  4.  George,  Lord  of  Session  and  Justiciary,  under  the  title  of 
Lord  Hermand;  died  1827. 

'5.  Helen,  born  in  1741,  and  died  in  1810. 

'  Two  other  daughters  also  attained  a  considerable  age. 

'  XHI.   Sir  Adam  Fergusson  of  Kilkerran,  LL.D.,  who  repre- 
sented the  county  of  Ayr  in  Parliament  for  eighteen  years  and  the 
city  of  Edinburgh  for  four — in  all  from  1774  to  1796.     Burns,  in 
his  "  Earnest  Cry  and  Prayer,"  thus  compliments  Sir  Adam  : — 
"  Thee,  aith-detesting,  chaste  Kilkerran." 

[He  was  served  heir  in  1785  to  his  uncle.  Major  Adam  Fergusson.] 
In  1786  he  was  appointed  by  Government  Substitute- Admiral 
Ijetween  Troon  Point  and  Ballantrae.  Upon  the  death  of  John, 
Earl  of  Glencairn,  in  1796,  Sir  Adam  Fergusson  preferred  a  claim 
before  the  House  of  Lords  to  the  honours  of  that  noble  family  as 
lineal  descendant  of,  and  heir-general  to  Alexander,  created  Earl 
of  Glencairn  in  1488;  and  to  Alexander,  Earl  of  Glencairn,  who 


(lied  ill  1670,  through  the  hitter  iiohlenuui's  eldest  daughter  (Sir 
Adam's  great-grandmother),  Lady  Margaret  Cuninghame,  wife  of 
John,  Earl  of  Lauderdale,  and  mother  of  James,  Lord  Maitland ; 
but  the  Lords  decided  "that  although  Sir  Adam  Fergusson  has 
shown  himself  to  be  heir-general  to  Alexander,  Earl  of  Glencairn, 
Avho  died  in  1670,  he  hath  not  made  out  the  I'ight  of  such  heir  to 
the  dignity  of  Earl  of  Glencairn."  Sir  Adam  dying  23rd  Sept. 
1813,  aged  81,  without  issue,  the  title  devolved  upon  his  nephew, 
Sir  James  Fergusson.' 

The  subsequent  history  of  the  family  of  Kilkerran  is  thus 
<;iven  by  Sir  Bernard  Eurke  in  the  Peerage  and  Baronetage 
(ed.  1894)  :— 

'(XIV).  Sir  James,  b.  20  Oct.  1765;  m.  1st  Oct.  1799  Jean, 
2nd  dau.  of  Sir  David  Dalrymple,  Bart.,  Lord  Hailes,  by  Helen, 
his  Avife,  dau.  of  Sir  James  Fergusson,  Bart.,  Lord  Kilkerran,  and 
by  her  (who  d.  6  May  1803)  had  1.  Charles  Dalrymple;  Helen, 
deceased,  and  Anne.  He  m.  2ndly,  5  Dec.  1804,  Henrietta,  2nd 
dau.  of  Admiral  Viscount  Duncan,  and  by  her  (who  died  14  May 
1850)  had— 

'  1.  Adam  Duncan,  E.N.,  b.  8  Aug.  1806  ;  d.  Aug.  1843. 
'2.  George  Hermand,  b.  22  Aug.  1810;  m.  1839  Jane,  dau.  of 
Little-Gilmour,  Es(|.  of  Craigmillar,  and  relict  of  Major 
Gordon  of  Hallhead,  which  lady  died  s.p.  Dec.  1844.  He 
married  2ndly,  28  July  1857,  Gcorgina  Grace,  dau.  of 
Archibald  Buchanan,  Esq.  of  Auchentorlie,  and  d.  27 
April  1870,  leaving  issue  George,  Capt.  3rd  Batt.  Eoyal 
Scots  Fusiliers,  b.  1862 ;  m.  1886  Grace,  dau.  of  Claud 
Hamilton,  Esq.,  and  has  issue;  and  Mary,  m.  1878  James 
Creagh  Scott,  of  Crevagh,  co.  Clare. 
'3.  James  Alexander  Duncan,  b.  30  July  1812;  late  in  the  6th 
Bengal  light  cavalry ;  served  with  distinction  in  the 
Punjab  campaign  of  1848;  a  lieut.-col.  in  the  army;  m. 
15  Nov.  1844  Margaret,  dau.  of  James  Hope,  Esq.,  W.S., 
and  d.  8  Nov.  1864,  having  had  a  daughter,  Alice  Jane, 
m.  1872  to  Col.  Montagu  Browne,  late  3rd  Dragoon 
'  4.  Eobert  Diuican  of  Cassilis  House,  Ayrshire ;  Major,  Royal 
Ayrshire  and  Wigtown  Rifles;  b.  16  Sept.  1813;  m.  1st, 
30  Jan.  1852,  Helen,  2nd  dau.  of  John  Blackburn,  Esq.  of 
Killearn,  co.  Stirling,  and  by  her  (Avho  d.  21  July  1863) 


had  1.  Harry  James,  Major,  late  Rifle  Brigade,  formerly 
Military  Secretary  and  A.D.C.  to  Gen.  Sir  J.  Ross,  com- 
manding the  troops  in  Canada;  b.  18  Dec.  1852.  2.  John 
Blackburn,  LL.B.,  barrister-at-law,  b.  3rd  Dec.  1855;  m. 
27  July  1880  Effie  Mary  Ramsay,  only  daughter  of  Andrew 
Blackburn,  Esq.,  and  has  Robert  Duncan,  born  21  Aug. 
1881 ;  and  1.  Lucy  Jane,  m.  1st,  9th  Nov.  1877,  to  Hon. 
Arthur  Hay  David  Eraser,  Capt.  Scots  Guards,  youngest 
son  of  Alexander,  17th  Baron  Saltoun.  Capt.  Eraser  d. 
27  Jan.  1884.  She  m.  2ndly,  25th  April  1887,  Erancis 
John  Stuart  Hay  Newton,  Esq.  Major  Robert  Eergusson 
m.  2ndly,  25  May  1886,  Margaret  Eliza,  Avidow  of  John 
Hay  Newton,  Esq.  of  Newton,  and  d.  15th  February 

'5.  Henry  Duncan,  W.S.,  Edinburgh,  b.  30  Sept.  181G ;  m. 
16  June  1846  Anna,  dau.  of  R.  Nasmyth,  Esq.,  F.R.C.S.E, 
and  died  22nd  Oct.  1866,  leaving  1.  Robert  Henry  Duncan, 
b.  17  Dec.  1849;  m.  27  Sept.  1877  Mabel  Frances,  dau.  of 
Robert  Balfour  Wardlaw-Ramsay,  Esq.  of  Whitehill  and 
Tillicoultry,  and  has  Robert  Arthur,  b.  1878,  and  Irene- 
Hilda;  2.  Henry  Cornelius  Coventry,  b.  20  Aug.  1854; 
Henrietta,  d.  16  June  1863;  and  Georgina  Erederika,  b. 
2  Nov.  1852;  m.  30  Sept.  1879  to  Charles  N.  Orbell,  Esq. 
of  the  Levels,  Timaru. 

'  6.  Hew  Dairy mple  Hamilton,  E.  I.  Co.'s  Civil  Service  (retired) ; 
b.  6  Dec.  1817;  m.  11  Sept.  1838  Louisa,  dau.  of  Gen. 
C.  Godby,  C.B.,  A.D.C.  to  the  Queen,  and  has  1.  James, 
CLE,  born  18  Sept.  1840;  m.  9  Nov.  1887;  Annie 
Gillespie,  dau.  of  William  Gillespie  Mitchell  of  Carwood, 
CO.  Ijanark ;  2.  Charles  Robert  Kennett,  b.  25  Sept. 
1842  ;  m.  in  1872  Eleanora  Dalrymple,  daughter  of  Duncan 
Davidson,  Esq.  of  Tulloch,  by  Eleanora  his  wife,  daughter 
of  Sir  James  Eergusson,  4th  baronet,  and  has  Muriel 
Catherine  and  Sybil  Henrietta. 

'7.  Robert  Dundas  Octavius,  b.  23  Sept.  1819;  m.  1841 
Amelia,  dau.  of  Capt.  Macdonald  of  Australia,  and  died 
having  had  issue  :  1.  George  Adam  Duncan  CamperdoAvn, 
b.  1847;  m.  16  Jan.  1883  Marianne  M'Donald,  widow  of 
Alfred  Stephens,  Esq.,  Bridport,  and  dau.  of  Henry  Paul, 
Esq.  of  Topsham,  co.  Devon ;  2.  Charles  Dalrymple,  b. 
1849;    3.   Robert   Dundas  Arthur  Graham,  b.   1851;  m. 


1877  Mary  Rachel,  dan.  of  Major  Francis  Whitworth 
Eussell,  and  has  a  dau.,  Alice  Mary ;  4.  Hew  Dalrymple, 
b.  1861.  1.  Henrietta  Sarah,  m.  1868  to  Eev.  Joseph 
Richards,  M.A.,  rector  of  Shelley;  2.  Julia,  m.  1876  to 
the  late  George  James  Macdonald,  Esq.  ;  3.  Jane  Roberta, 
and  4.  Edith  Jemima. 

'8.  Frederick  William  Brown  Gustave,  late  Major,  Ayrshire  Militia, 
b.  30  March  1826;  m.  17  Oct.  1871  Alice  Wilhelmina 
Mary,  2nd  dau.  of  John  Stuart  Hay  Newton,  Esq.  of 

'  1.  Henrietta  Duncan,  d.  in  1845. 

'2.  Jane  Dalrymple-Hamilton,  m.  in  1848  to  Robert  Bruce,  Esq. 
of  Kennett,  co.  Clackmaiman,  who  d.  13  Aug.  1864  ; 
their  only  son,  Alexander  Hugh,  is  the  present  Lord 
Balfour  of  Burleigh. 

'3.  Catherine,  m.  17  Jan.  1838  to  Henry  Ritchie,  Esq.  of 
Busbie,  Craigton,  and  Cloncaird,  who  died  6  Nov.  1843. 

'  4.  Eleanora  Dalrymple,  m.  to  Duncan  Davidson,  Esq.  of  Tulloch, 
CO.  Ross,  and  died  in  1845. 

'  5.  Mary  Jemima  Dundas  Adamina,  m.  in  Nov.  1845  to  Andrew 
Buchanan,  Esq.  of  Auchentorlie,  who  d.  1886. 

'  Sir  James  died  14  April  1838,  and  was  succeeded  hy  his  son, 

'(XV.)    Sir  Charles  Dalrymple,  b.   1800,  who  m.   1829  Helen, 
daughter  of  the  Right  Hon.  David  Boyle,  and  by  her  (who  died 
26  June  1869)  had  surviving  issue, 
*  1.  James,  present  baronet. 
'2.  David  Boyle,  b.  in  1836,  d.  in  1841. 

'3.  Charles  Dalrymple  of  New  Hailes;  created  a  baronet  1887  ; 
M.P.  for  Bute  1868  to  1885,  and  for  Ipswich  since  1886. 
Junior  Lord  of  the  Treasury,  1885-6.  B.  15  Oct.  1839; 
m.  7th  April  1874  Alice  Mary,  dau.  of  Sir  Edward  Hunter 
Blair,  4th  baronet  of  Blairquhan,  and  by  her  (who  d.  2nd 
Sept.  1884)  had 

David  Charles  Herbert,  b.  29  March  1879. 
Christian  Elizabeth  Louisa. 
Alice  Mary. 
'Sir  Charles,  on  succeeding  to  the   estates  of   Hailes  in  East 
Lothian,  and  New  Hailes  in  Midlothian,  assumed  the  name  and 
arms  of  Dalrymple. 

'4.  John  Adam,  Major,  Rifle  Brigade;  b.  May  1846,  m.  13th 
July   1871    Sarah,    2nd   dau.   of  Joseph  Gilbert,   Esq.   of 


Pewsey  Vale,  South  Australia,  and  has  Gilbert  Charles 
Dalrymple,  b.  1874;  Catherine  Helen;  Anna  Mary;  Edith 
Nora  ;  Jean  ;  Olive ;  and  Margaret  Agnes. 

'1.  Elizabeth. 

'  2.  Jane,  d.  in  1835. 

'3.  Helen  Anne,  d.  12  Oct.  1889. 

'4.  Henrietta  Duncan,  m.  5  Dec.  1852  Eight  Eev.  George 
Wyndham  Kennion,  D.D.,  Bishop  of  Adelaide. 

'5.  Catherine,  d.  21  Sept.  1867. 

'6.  Mary  Dalrymple,  m.  28  Dec.  18G6  to  Walter  Severn,  Esq. 

'7.  Eleanora  Charlotte  Dalrymple,  m.  31  Aug.  1871  to  the 
Eev.  David  Eobertson,  M.A.,  rector  of  Hartlebury,  young- 
est son  of  the  Hon.  Lord  Benholme.  Sir  Charles  d.  18 
March  1849,  and  was  succeeded  by 

'  (XVI).  The  Eight  Honble.  Sir  James  Fergusson,  Bart.,  P.C, 
G.C.S.L,  K.C.M.G,  CLE.,  of  Kilkerran,  M.P.  for  Ayrshire  1854- 
1857,  and  1859-1868,  now  M.P.  for  N.E.  Manchester;  Under 
Secretary  of  State  for  Lidia,  1866  to  1867,  and  for  the  Home 
Department,  1867;  Governor  of  South  Australia,  1868  to  1872; 
Governor  of  New  Zealand,  1872-1874;  Governor  of  Bombay,  1880 
to  1885  ;  Under  Secretary  of  State  for  Foreign  AflPairs,  1886  to 
1891;  and  Postmaster-General,  1891-92;  m.  1st,  9  Aug.  1859, 
Lady  Edith  Christina,  2nd  dau.  and  co-heir  of  the  1st  Marquis  of 
Dalhousie,  and  by  her  (who  died  28  Oct.  1871)  has  issue, 

'  1.  Charles,  Lieut,  and  Adj.  Grenadier  Guards,  b.  17th  Jan. 

'2.  James  Andrew,  Lieut.  E.N.,  b.  16  April  1871. 
'  1.  Susan  Georgiana,  m.  10  Nov.  1880  to  John  George  Baird, 
Esq.,  M.P.,  late  16th  Lancers,  of  Adamton  and  Muirkirk. 
'  2.  Edith  Helen  (C.L). 
'He   married    2ndly,    11     March    1873,    Olive,    C.L,   youngest 
daughter  of  John  Henry  Eichman,   Esq.   of   Warnbunga,   South 
Australia,  and  by  her  (who  died  8  Jan.  1882)  had  issue, 
'  3.  John,  b.  12th  Oct.  1874,  and  died  the  same  day. 
'4.  Alan  Walter  John,  b.  16  Aug.  1878. 
'He   married    3rdly,   5   April    1893    Isaljella   Elizabeth,  widow 
of  Charles  Hugh  Hoare,  Esq.  of  Morden,  Surrey,  and  dau.  of  the 
late  Eev.  Thomas  Twysdon,  formerly  rector  of  Charlton,  Devon. 

'  Sir  James,  who  served  with  the  Grenadier  Guards  in  the  Crimea, 
was  wounded  at  Likerman.  He  was  some  time  Hon.  Colonel,  4th 
battalion  Eoyal  Scots  Fusiliers.' 




21  Ap.  14G6.  Rex  concessit  Fergusio  Fergusoun  et  Jonetae 
Kennedy  ejus  sponsae  terras  de  Auchinsouldo  ac  duas  mercatas 
terrarum  prope  castrum  de  Keris  et  duas  mercatas  prope  Loch 
Spaladar  in  comitatu  de  Carrie  v.  Are : — quas  Joli.  Fergusoun 
do  Kilkerane  resignavit,  etc. — {Reg.  Mag.  Big.  i.  872.) 

19th  Feb.  1483.  Decree  that  eiiric  M'dowell  shall  pay  to  Fergus 
fergussoun,  as  heir  to  umquhill  his  fad*"  John  Ferguson,  the  goods 
of  heirschip,  or  the  avail  of  them,  as  he  may  prove  before  the 
sheriff:  that  is  to  say,  12  silver  spoons,  a  pot  of  a  gallon,  a  Ring  of 
gold,  a  croce  of  gold,  a  gray  horse. — [Acta  Auditorum.) 


10th  Oct.  1483.  Step  of  process  in  action  by  Thomas  Camp1)ell 
of  Skeldoun,  against  Fergus  Fergusson,  son  and  heir  to  uuKiuhill 
John  Ferguson  of  Kilkerran. — (Ada  Auditorum.) 

1483.  Sa.  Fergusii  Fergusone  to  Lybrik  (Wigtoun). — {Exeh. 
Rolls,  ix.) 

13th  Aug.  1488.  Fergus  Fergusone  of  Kilkerran  appears  as 
witness  to  a  pursuivant's  execution. — (Pitcairn's  Criminal  Trials,  i. 
p.  10.) 


1 488.  Sasine  of  the  lands  of  Conray  and  Machirmore  to  Fergus 
Ferguson  (Ayrshire). — {Exch.  Rolls,  x.) 

10th  March  1490.  The  Lords  of  Council  assign  to  Fergus  Fergus- 
soun  of  Kilkerran  the  15th  day  of  June  next  to  come,  with  continua- 
tion of  days,  to  prove  that  John  Makke  of  M'toun,  wrongously  took 
up,  intromitted,  and  withheld  20  bolls  of  victual  in  man^'  of  tribute 
of  the  lands  of  lybrik,  and  to  prove  the  taking  of  the  40  kye  and 
oxen  from  the  said  Fergus,  out  of  his  lands  of  Auchinschoule,  and 
the  avail  of  them. — {Ada  Dominorum  Goncilii.) 

28th  Feb.  1492.  Decree  that  Quitene  Mure  of  the  Ard  shall 
pay  to  Fergus  Fergusone  of  Kilkerran  40  marks,  of  the  rest  of  a 
mare  sum  owed  by  the  said  Quitene  for  contract  of  marriage  of 
times  by  past,  as  was  proved  by  his  obligation  under  his  seal  and 
subscription  manual. — {Ad.  Doin.  Con.) 

26th  Jan.  1498.  Joh.  Fergussoun,  filio  Fergusii  Fergussoun  de 
Kilkerran,  is  a  witness  to  a  charter  by  Andree  Adunnil  de  Dal 
quhoAvane. — {Becj.  Mag.  Sirj.) 

1508.  John  Schaw  of  Kerise  was  admitted  to  compound  for 
forethought  felony  done  to  Duncan  Fergussoun,  young  Laird  of  Kil- 
kerran, in  coming  to  his  Place  of  Burnefute  and  throwing  down  and 
l)reaking  into  the  houses  of  the  said  Place,  and  for  keeping  the 
lands  of  Burnefute  waste  for  the  space  of  one  year. — (Pitcairn's 
Cririi.  Trials,  i.  p.  58.) 

1512.     Sa.  Duncano  Fergusoun  to  Librek  (\yigtoiin). 
„         Sa.  Duncano  Fergusoun  to  Conray,  Machirmor,  Auchin- 
seoill,    Balmerloch,  Findach,    Burnefute,   Lochland. — (Kwh.  liolls, 
vol.  xiii.) 

28  Oct.  1541.  Grant  to  Duncan  Crawfurd  of  a  charge  on  the 
lands  of  Librek  vie.  Wigtoun,  which  belonged  to  Duncan  Fergusson 
of  Kilkerane,  with  power  to  said  D.  F.  and  his  heirs  to  redeem 
within  7  years. — {Reg.  Mag.  Sig.  i.  2494.) 

3  Ap.  1542.  Grant  to  Duncan  Crawfurd  and  Isobella  Fergus- 
soun, his  spouse,  of  several  lands — i.e.  Conray,  AuchinsoAvill,  Machir- 
more, Balmerloch,  Findauch,  Burnefute,  and  Lochland,  which  had 
l)cen  in  the  hands  of  the  superior  for  29  ^^ears  from  the  decease  of 
Fergus  F.  of  Kilkerran,  with  power  to  Duncan  F.  of  K.  to  redeem 
within  7  years.— {Reg.  Mag.  Sig.  i.  2634.) 

28  Jan.  1544.     Duncan  Fergusoun  of  Kilkerane,  Wil.  Fergusoun, 


son  of  said  Duncan,  and  Tho.  Fergusoun  in  Auchinsowle,  are  mem- 
bers of  an  Assize. — {Reg.  Mag.  Sig.  i.  3025.) 

2  Nov.  1544.  Duncan  F.  of  K.  is  a  witness  to  a  charter  of 
Queen  Ma.ij.—{Eeg.  Mag.  Sig.  i.  3025.) 

15  Nov.  1544.  Charter  to  Duncan  Crauford  of  Camhiir  of  the 
'  24  solidatas  10  den.  terrarum  antiqui  extentus  de  Librek  ...  in 
parochia  de  Kirkynner  vie.  Wigtoun,  quae  fuerunt  Duncani  Fer- 
gusoun de   Kilkerane,'  with  power  to   D.   F.   to  redeem   within 

7  years. — (/iVf/.  Mag.  Sig.  i.  3032.) 

28th  June  1554.  Tho.  Fergussoun  of  Kilkerane,  Hector  Fergus- 
soun  in  Dalduft",  and  Gilb.  Fergussoun  in  Balcamy  are  on  an  Assize. 
—{Reg.  Mag.  Sig.  iii.  943.) 

Dec.  12,  1564.  Barnard  Fergussoun  of  Kilkeran,  Thomas  and 
David,  his  brothers,  and  fifty-one  others,  including  among  other 
'pannels  of  note,'  Thomas  Fergussone  in  the  Traif,  Hector  F., 
spouse  to  Agnes  Crawford  ;  Niniane  F.,  his  son  ;  William  F.  of 
Auchinsoull,  Duncane  F.  of  Glenbowar,  were  accused  of  an  invasion 
of  the  Laird  of  Camlarg,  etc.,  in  a  fenced  Court  of  the  SherifFof  Ayr. 
Thomas  F.  and  William  of  Auchinsoull  were  discharged  simpliciter ; 
the  Earl  of  Cassilis,  as  Baillie  of  the  Regality  of  Crossrawgall,  un- 
successfully sought  to  replegiate  Thomas  in  the  Traif :  Hector, 
Thomas,  and  Barnard  Fergusoune  were  '  Fylit  of  arte  and  parte  of 
the  Convocatioune.'  Continued  as  to  the  rest.  Camlarg  and  his 
party  were  also  'Fylit  for  the  same  crime.' — (Pitcairn's  Criui. 
Trials,  i.  p.  457.) 

Jan.  17,  1580.  Simon  Fergussoun  hceres  Elizabethaj  Adair 
spotmv  Bernardi  Fergussoun  de  Kilkerrane  matris.  —  (Retours, 
General,  8327.) 

1590.  '  Kilkerane  '  in  roll  of  '  Landit  men.' — {Privij  Council  Reg. 
iv.  p.  787.) 

10th  April  1590.  Caution  in  £1000  by  John  Kennedy  of  Carlok, 
as  principal,  and  Symon  Fergussoun  of  Culkerrane,  younger,  as 
surety  for  him,  that  S.  and  W.  Johnstounis  shall  be  harmless  of  the 
said  principal. 

Caution  to  the  same  purpose  in  £500  by  S,  F.,  yr.  of  K.,  for 
Q.  Boyd  of  Auchrocher. — {Privy  Council  Reg.  iv.  p.  475.) 

Feb.  21,  1600.  Bernard  Ferguison  of  Kilcairren,  charged  with 
abiding  from  the  Earl  of  Angus's  Raid  at  Dumfries,  was  discharged 



])y  the  Treasurer  in  respect  of  his  ago,  Avith  consent. — (Pitcairn's 
Grim.  Trials,  ii.  p.  106.) 

13  Jul.  1615.  Confirmation  of  a  charter,  '  M.  Joannis  Fergus- 
sone  de  Kilkerrane,'  in  which,  in  implement  of  a  contract  between 
them,  with  consent  of  Cristine  Forrester,  his  mother,  and  Gilljert 
li.os(?),  'propositi  ccclesie  collegiate  de  Mayboll,'  her  husband,  and 
of  Gilbert  Fergusson  of  Dalduft'  on  the  one  part,  and  Duncan  Craw- 
ford, formerly  of  Auchinsoull,  then  of  Nather  Skeldoun,  and  John 
Crawford,  his  son,  on  the  other,  he  let  in  feu  farm  to  John  Crawford 
and  his  heirs  the  lands  of  Machremoir,  Balmerloch,  and  Fontanoch, 
with  the  mill  of  Bermerloch,  Burnefute,  and  Lochspallender. — 
{lietj.  Mag.  Sig.  vi.  1288.) 

On  19th  July  1621,  the  Prince  granted  to  M.  John  Fergussoune 
of  Kilkerrane  and  Helene  Kennedie,  his  spouse,  10  solidatas  terrarum 
de  Daltomie,  2  mercat.  de  Dalcoppok,  10  sol.  de  Auchlewane,  20 
solid,  de  Auchaltitic  ct  Aultakeyth,  4  mercat.  do  lie  Maynes  de  Kil- 
quhenzie  cum  turre,  ^  mercat.  de  Dalcur  cum  molcndino,  terris 
molendinariis,  etc.,  20  solid,  de  Auchinayn,  20  solid,  de  Tornbrok 
antiqui  extentus  in  parochia  de  Mayboill,  comitatu  de  Carrik,  vie. 
Ayr.'  And  also,  to  M.  John  Fergussoune  of  Kilkerrane  40  soli- 
datas terrarum,  de  lie  Mekill  et  Littill  Broklochis,  3  librat.  de 
Over  Auchinsowll  cum  piscationibus,  moris,  etc.  in  comitatu  de 
Carrik,  etc. — (Reg.  Mag.  Sig.,  1620-1633,  730  and  731.) 

On  31st  July  1629,  John  Fergusson  of  Kilkerran  is  mentioned 
as  a  consenting  party  to  a  resignation  of  the  lands  of  Littill  Schal- 
lochmuck  in  Girvan. — (licg.  Mag.  Sig.,  1620-1633,  1478.) 

April  11,  1650.  Alexander  Fergussone  de  Kilkerrane  Imrcs 
Domini  Joannes  Fergussone  de  Kilkerrane  inilitis  'patris,  in  terris 
de  Knockrocher,  Ferding  Machrinkill,  Chappelland,  Clcnreoch, 
Kennediestoun,  Cladoich,  Cubbiestoun-Holme,  Balbeg  et  Park, 
nuncupatis  4  mercatis  terrarum  juxta  locum  de  Kilkerrane  antiqui 
extentus  in  comitatu  de  Carrik  :  reliquis  terris  de  Kilkerrane  ex- 
tendentibus  ad  11  mercatas  terrarum  continentil>us  terras  sub- 
scriptas,  viz.  Balcamie,  Dobbingstoun,  Meldinch,  Carniston  alias 
Dalfarsand,  Pinblawat  Kestoun,  Glengie,  Murastoun,  Daltangan, 
Pelzeoche  nuncupatas  in  integro  10  libratas  terrarum  anticpii  ex- 
tentus de  Kilkerrane.  A.E.  £10,  N.E.  £40.  Terris  de  Dalmortoun 
comprehendentibus  4|  mercatas  terrarum  de  Schaven  ;  2J  mercatas 
terrarum  de  Glenachie  ;  3  mercatas  terrarum  de  Meikle  Schalloch  ; 
3  mercatas  terrarum  de  Trostan  et  Knoclay ;  32  solidatas  terrarum 


de  Clongill ;  merciitam  terrarum  de  Knokonner ;  2  mercatas 
terrarum  de  Knockska ;  2  mercatas  terrarum  de  Risk  ;  32  soli- 
datas  terrarum  de  Dalmortoun ;  1 6  solidatas  terrarum  de  Balbeg ; 
16  solidatas  terrarum  de  Lentow  in  parochin  de  8traitoun  ;  5  mer- 
catas terrarum  de  Laynferne  in  l)alliatu  de  Carrik ;  A.  E.  £20, 
N.  E.  £S0,  10  solidatis  terrarrum  de  Daltowne  ;  2  mercatis  ter- 
rarum de  Dalcoppock  ;  10  solidatis  terrarum  de  Auchlewane  ;  20 
solidatis  terrarum  de  Auchaltatie  et  Ault-a-keth  :  4  mercatis  ter- 
rarum de  Maynes  de  Kilchinze  ;  dimidia  mercata  terra?  de  Dalcur ; 
20  solidatis  terrarum  de  Auchinvyne  ;  20  solidatis  terrarum  de 
Thornebrock  autiqui  extentus  in  parochia  de  Mayboll  et  comitatu 
Carrick  ;  A.  E.  12|  m.,  N.  E.  50  m.,  3  libratis  terrarum  de  Nether 
Auchinsoull ;  terris  de  Machremore  et  Barmerloche  (vel  Balmer- 
loche)  cum  molendino  de  Barmerloch ;  2  mercatis  terrarum  de 
Lochsjjallender  et  2  mercatis  terrarum  de  Burnefute  anti({ui  ex- 
tentus in  dicto  comitatu  de  Carrick ;  A.  E.  £10,  N.  E.  £40,  5  mer- 
catis terrarum  de  Crochbae,  comprehendentibus  Drumbae,  Knock- 
mule,  Barncruik,  Chappeltoun,  et  Litle  Auchingairne  :  A.  E.  5  m. 
N.  E.  20  m.  :  Terris  de  Capenoche  ;  2  mercatis  terrarum  de  Knock- 
breck  ;  mercata  terra?  de  Craigfin,  infra  dictum  Ijalliatum  de  Carrik 
A.  E.  3i,  N.  E.  14  m. — (Retours,  Ayrshire,  446.) 

Note  from  Deuchar's  MS.  Collections  : — 

1585.     11  May. 

Isabel  C?)  Adair  ==Bernard  Ferguson- 


Agnes  Shaw 
+  1576. 

Symon.  W*".  James. 

(Ed.  Com.  Test.  Iteeords.) 


{Parish  of  Mayhole.) 

'The  Fergussons  of  Dalduff — "a  small  stone  house,  with  ane 
orchard  and  good  corne  fields  about  it,"  situated  about  three 
miles  from  the  mouth  of  the  Girvan,  on  the  south  side  of  that 
stream — were  a  direct  branch  of  the  Fergussons  of  Kilkerran, 
from  whom  they  appear  to  have  originally  rented  the  lands 
of  Daldutt".     The  first  of  the  family,  we  presume,  was, 


'  I.  Hector  Ferguson  in  Dalduff,  who  had  a  Crown  charter 
of  the  lands  of  Kiddilston,  10th  February  1557.  He  was 
succeeded  by  his  son, 

'  II.  Gilbert  Ferguson,  "  filio  Hectori  Ferguson  in  Dalduff," 
had  a  Crown  charter  of  the  lands  of  Blair  and  Knokgillo 
20th  September  1585.  His  father  was  alive  at  this  period. 
He  must  have  died,  however,  before  1591,  in  which  year 
Gilbert  Fergussoun  of  Dalduff'  was  appointed,  in  the  testament 
of  Symone  Fergussoun  of  Kilkerrane,  one  of  the  tutors  to  his 
children.  He  had  not  only  succeeded  his  father  at  this  time, 
but  become  proprietor  of  Dalduff.  He  had  a  Crown  charter 
of  the  lands  of  Dalquhane,  Corsehill,  etc.,  dated  29th  June 
1610.  He  had  another  charter  of  the  lands  of  Knokbray  and 
Craigtin,  tliG  2)cmidt  of  April  1613.  Gilbert  was  alive  in  1614, 
in  which  year  he  is  mentioned  in  the  testament  of  "  Johnne 
Dauidsoun"  of  Pennyglen.  He  docs  not  appear  to  have  been 
much  mixed  up  with  the  feuds  which  prevailed  so  violently 
in  Carrick  during  his  time.  His  name  only  once  occurs  in 
the  Historic  of  tJie  Kennedy  is,  where  he  is  described  as 
being  in  the  company  of  Hew  Kennedy  of  Garriehorne,  "quha 
was  ane  striker  off*  the  Laird  of  Bargany,"  when  met  by  the 
Laird  of  Auchindraino  and  his  son  at  the  townhead  of  Ayr, 
where  a  short  conflict  ensued. 

'  III.  -John  Fergusson  of  Dalduff"  was  served  heir  of  his 
father,  Gilbert  Fergusson  of  Dalduff',  October  31,  1615.  .  .  . 
(See  service,  p.  357,  for  description  of  property.)  The  property 
seems  to  have  been  soon  afterwards  disposed  of  to  the  Cassilis 
family,  as  it  occurs  in  the  service  of  John,  Earl  of  Cassilis, 
in  1622;  and  the  "stone  house"  of  Dalduff'  has  long  been 
levelled,  or  nearly  so,  with  the  cornfields  by  which  it  was 
wont  to  be  surrounded.' — (Paterson's  History  of  Ayrslcire 
Families,  ii.  p.  369.) 

10th  Feb.  1557-8.  Grant  to  Hector  Fergusson  in  Dalduff  of 
the  lauds  of  Reddellistoun  under  redemption. — {Ucg.  Mag.  Sig.  iii. 

20th  Sept.  1585.  Confirmation  of  charter  by  Avhich  G. 
Kennedy  of  Balmaclennochane  sold  '  Gill>erto  Fergussoun,  filio 
Hectoris  Fergussoun  in  Dalduff,'  '  40  solidat.  terrarum  de  Blair  et 


Kirkingilloch    (Knockiiigilloch)    .    .    .   infra   terras  cle  Balmaclen- 
nochane  com.  de  Carrick  vie.  Ayr.'— (Beg.  Mag.  Sig.  iv.  887.) 

ISth  June  IGOO.  Gilliert  Fergusson  of  Dalduff  cautioner  for 
Johne,  Earl  of  Cassilis,  to  keep  Ninian  Adair  of  Kinhilt  skaithless 
of  his  cautionry. —  (P.  C.  Beg.  v.  652.) 

1st  Sejit.  1601.  Gilbert  Fergusson  of  Dalduff  again  cautioner 
for  John,  Earl  of  Cassilis.— (P.  C.  Beg.  v.  693.) 

25th  Oct.  1602.  Gilbert  Eos,  Provost  of  Maybole,  for  Gilbert 
Fergusoun  of  Dalduff,  George  Fergusoun  of  Thraif,  in  300  merks, 
not  to  intercommune  with  William,  brother  of  Adam  Boyd  of 
Pinkhill,  now  at  the  horn. 

27th  April  1604.  Caution  for  and  by  Gilbert  Fergusoini  of 
Dalduff.— (P.  C.  Beg.  vii.  p.  549.) 

8th  Sept.  1608.  Caution  for  Gilbert  Fergusoun  of  Dalduff 
not  to  reset  Al.  Kennedy. — (P.  C.  Beg.  viii.  p.  671.) 

Caution  l)y  Gilbert  Fei'gusoun  of  Dalduff  for  John,  Earl  of 
Cassilis,  not  to  harm  Thomas  Hay  of  Park. — (P.  C.  Beg.  viii.  p. 


29th  June  1610.  Charter  to  Gilbert  Fergtisson  of  Dalduff  of  the 
lands  of  Dalquhane  (or  Dalcpheane),  Corshill,  and  Drumhill  (or 
Drumquhill),  cum  Manerie,  in  the  parish  of  Kirkmichael,  county 
and  bailiary  of  Carrick  .  .  .  and  Crochba,  Drumba,  Capanoch,  Knock- 
moill,  and  Lyttil  Auchingrane  (or  Auchingarne),  in  the  parish 
of  Maybole  (formerly  held  by  Kennedy  of  Crochba,  and  incorporated 
in  liheram  tenandriam  de  Crochba. — {Beg.  Mag.  Sig.  vi.  816.) 

29th  April  1613.  Charter  to  Gilbert  Fergussone  of  Dalduft' of 
the  lands  of  Knockbrax  and  Craigfyn  in  the  bailiary  of  Carrick. — 
{Beg.  Mag.  Sig.  vi.  813.) 

20th  January,  1614  and  28th  August  1616.  Commission  of  the 
Peace  to  Gilbert  Fergussoun  of  Dalduff. — (P.  C.  Beg.  x.,  pp.  204 
and  619.) 

31st  Oct.  1615.  Joannes  Fergusson  de  Dalduff  hares  Gilberti 
Fergussoune  de  Dalduff  patris,  in  2  mercatis  terrarum  de  Knock- 
brax ;  mercata  terrse  de  Craigfyn ;  5  mercatis  terrarum  de  Dal- 
Cjuhouand,  Corshill,  Drumquhill ;  5  mercatis  terrarum  de  Crochba, 
Drumba,  Calpanoche,  Knockmoill,  et  Littil  Auchingai'ine  anticpn 
extentus  in  comitatu  de  Carrick;  A.  E.,  £8,  13s.  4d. ;  N.  E,  £34, 
13s.  4d.     Mercata  terras  de  Dalduff  antiqui  extentus  in  parochia 


de  Mayboill  et  comitatu  praescripto :  E.,  £3.  Dimidia  meiTatis 
terrarum  de  Dalair  in  comitatu  praedicto,  E.  30s. — (Eetours, 
Ayrshire,  132.) 

4  July  1616.     John  Ferguson  of  DaldufF  on  an  assize. — {Reg. 
Mag.  Sig.  vi.  1482.) 

29  Aug.  1616.  Gilbert  Fergussoun  of  Dalduif  is  mentioned  as 
donatar  of  the  liferent  escheat  of  D.  Jo.  Kennedy  of  Banelluines, 
Knight.— (A'e//.  3Iag.  Sig.  vi.  1519.) 

6th  March  and  18th  June  1618.  John  Fergusson,  then  of 
DaldufF,  son  and  heir  of  the  late  Gilljert  Fergusson  of  Dalduff,  and 
Gilbert  Eos  of  Millanderdaill,  are  mentioned  as  persons  to  whom 
certain  lands  in  AVigtown  were  granted  in  1614  and  1615,  and 
John  Fergusson  as  having  sold  his  part  to  Gilbert  Eos,  and 
Cristine  Forester,  his  spouse.  A  charter  is  granted  to  Gilbert 
Eoss  of  Millanderdaill  and  Cristine  Forester,  his  spouse. — (Iieg. 
Mag.  Sig.  vi.  1788,  1789,  and  1847.) 

20th  May  1619.  John  Fergussoun  of  DaldufF  appears  as  witness 
to  a  deed. — (P.  C.  Beg.  xi.  p.  578.) 

On  10th  September  1523  there  was  granted  to  Quinten  Shaw, 
merchant  in  Stratoun,  ' 40  solidat.  terrarum  de  Knokbrek,  5  mercatas 
de  Dalhowan,  2  mercat.  de  Drumbae  in  l^alliatu  de  Carrick,  quae 
fuerunt  Joannis  Fergusoune  de  DaldulF,'  and  had  been  apprised. 
—{Reg.  Mag.  Sig.,  1620-1633.) 

Dec.  1,  1625.  Hugo  Ferguisone,  hares  Archibaldi  Ferguisone, 
fratris  germani,  and  haires  Hectoris  Ferguisone,  filii  legitimi 
Gilberti  Ferguisone  de  Dalduff,  fratris  germani. — {Retours,  General, 
1239  and  1240.) 

Dec.  6,  1653.  James  Fergusone,  heir  of  Gilbert  Fergusone  of 
Dalduffe,  his  father. — {Retours,  General,  3865.) 

Dec.  8,  1563.  James  Fergusone,  heir  of  Johnc  Fergusojie, 
his  brother. — {Retours,  General,  3868.) 


Parish,  of  Barr. 

William  Fergusson  of  Aucliinsoul  was  engaged  with  his 
chief,  Barnard  Fergusson  of  Kilkerran,  in  the  attack  on  the 
Laird  of  Camlarg  in  the  fenced  Court  of  the  Sheriff'  of  Ayr 


in  1564.  In  1689  Fergiisson  of  Auchinsoiil  was  excommuni- 
cated by  the  Church  for  contumaciousness,  having  paid  no 
attention  to  the  various  sentences  of  the  Presbytery  foj- 
several  years  previously.  Upon  this  he  fled  to  Drummorc, 
Ireland,  with  the  object  of  his  illicit  affection,  Janet  Martin; 
but  he  felt  glad  in  1711 — such  was  the  influence  of  the 
Church — to  make  '  due  repentance '  and  be  relieved  from  his 
sentence.  William  Fergusson  of  Auchinsoul  was  a  Com- 
missioner of  Supply  in  1758.  In  1781  Lieutenant  James 
Fergusson  of  Auchinsoul  was  admitted  a  burgess  of  Ayr. 
His  successor,  Fergusson  of  Littleton,  sold  the  property  to 
John  M'Kie  (before  1797). — (Paterson's  History  of  Ayrshire 
Families,  p.  258.) 

27th  March  1593.  Grant  to  Jonetc  Crawfurd,  relict  of  Hector 
Fergussoun  in  Auchinsonl,  in  life  rent,  and  William  Fergussonn, 
her  son,  of  '  20  solidat.,  40  solidatarum  terrarum  antiqui  extentus 
de  Kirkbrek  (Knokbrek)  ex  parti  occidentali  earundcm  (per  dictum 
Jon.  et  prius  per  dictum  Hect.  occupatas)  in  p.  de  Calmonell,  com. 
de  Carrik  '—{Bei/.  Mag.  Sir/,  iv.  22G3.) 

In  a  charter  of  21st  Dec.  1G20,  the  lands  of  Knokbrek  are  men- 
tioned as  occupied  by  William  Fergussonc  in  Auchinsoull. — (/(V//- 
May.  Sig.,  1G20-1G33,  720.) 


Parish  of  Kirkoswald. 

24th  Feb.  1580-81.  Confirmation  of  charter  by  the  Commen- 
<lator  of  Crossraguel  by  which  'ad  feudi-firmam  dimisit  Thome 
Fergussoun  in  Thraiff  et  Jonet  Greir  ejus  spouse  .  .  .  G  mercat. 
terrarum  de  ThraifF,  h  mercat  de  Dallikilling  (per  dictum  Thom. 
et  ejus  subtenentes  occup.)  cum  manerie  hortis  pomariis,  silvis, 
antiqui  extentus  in  parochia  de  Kirkoswald  com.  de  Carrik,  reg.  de 
Corsraguall  vie.  Ayr.' — (licg.  Mag.  Sig.  iv.  121.) 

[The  estate  of  Threave  belonged  in  1847  to  Mr.  Torrance.] 

February  1G02.  George  Fergusoun  of  Thraif  was  among  those 
absolved,  along  with  John,  Earl  of  Cassilis,  'for  convocation  of  his 
hienes'  liegis,  and  l)eiring  and  weiring  of  hacque-l)uttis  and  pistol- 
ettis,  breking  of  his  hienes'  peace.' — (P.  C.  Beg.  v.  347,  etc.  ;  Pit- 
cairn's  Crim.  Trials,  iii.  p.  172.) 


22nd  Fel).  IGIO.  Complaint  by  David  F.,  brother  of  George 
F.  of  Thrave,  that  George  Corrie  of  Kilwood  and  others 
came  to  the  place  of  Thrave  at  four  a.m.,  broke  up  the  doors, 
entered  David's  chamber,  and  would  have  slain  him,  '  but  for  his 
own  better  defence  and  the  help  of  others.' — (P.  C.  Beg.  viii.  pp. 
422  and  819.) 

1st  March  1610.  Complaint  by  George  Corrie,  etc.,  as  not  law- 
fully charged. — {P.  C.  Beg.  viii.  p.  432.) 

23rd  Feb.  1610.  Caution  for  Corrie,  etc.,  by  James  Kennedy  of 
Culzeane. — (P.  C.  Beg.  viii.  p.  720.) 

ISth  June  1612.  David  Fergussoun  in  Thraif  witness  to  charter 
of  J.  Kennedy  of  Blairquhan  at  May  bole  and  Ayr,  Jan.  1612. — 
(Beg.  Mag.  Sig.  vi.  670.) 

29th  July  1613.  Complaint  against  David,  brother  of  George  F. 
of  Thraif  and  others,  for  attacking  Alexander  Kennedy  of  Crago 
and  others  in  Mayboill. — {P.  C.  Beg.  x.  p.  117.) 

10th  8ept.  1617.  Complaint  by  the  King's  Advocate,  and 
Alexander  Barclay  in  Maybole.  '  Mr.  Johne  Fergusoun  of  Kilcar- 
rane  and  Cristeane  Forester  his  mother,  have  conceived  a  deadly 
hatred  against  pursuer,  and  the  former  has  made  "  divers  unsetis  " 
upon  him.  On  Sunday  —  August  last,  while  pursuer  Avas  "  return- 
ing hame "  from  Stratoun  to  his  parish  kirk  at  Mayboill  upon  a 
little  "  sommer  naig,"  David  Fergussoun,  brother  of  George  F. 
of  Thraif,  alias  "Davie  the  Devill,"  with  armed  accomplices  sent 
out  by  the  two  defenders,  came  spurring  after  him,  and  rode  along- 
side him  for  three  miles,  and  at  the  parting  of  the  highways  at 
Kirkmichael,  assaulted  and  wounded  him,'  and  almost  every  day 
since  the  said  Mr.  John  and  David  F.  have  openly  carried  hagbuts 
and  pistoletts. — (P.  C.  Beg.  xi.  p.  234.) 

Counter-charge  by  the  Lord  Advocate  and  David  F.,  that  Barclay 
and  another  came  out  from  a  hiding-place  with  pistollets,  as 
Fergusson  was  going  to  the  kirk  of  Kirkmichael,  presented  a  '  bend 
pistollet'  at  him,  and  fired  through  his  hat  'hard  be  his  head.' — 
{P.  G.  Beg.  xi.  p.  235.) 

Dec.  L5th  1657.  Thomas  Fergusone  of  Thrave,  heir  of  George 
Fergusone  of  Thrave,  his  father,  in  the  6  markeland  of  Thrave  : 
E.  £6  and  6s.  in  augmentation  : — The  half-markland  of  Dallielung, 
within  the   parochine    of   Kirkoswall,   earldome   of   Carrike,    and 


regalitie   of   Corseraiguell,   E.    15s.   and    8d.    in   augmentation. — 
{Betours,  Ayrshire,  496.) 

Aug.  22  1668.  Georgius  Ferguson  haeres  masmlus,  Thomae 
Fergusone  de  ThraifF  fratris  rjcrmani,  in  the  same  lands. — (Betours, 
Ayrshire,  557.) 


Note  cor)iviunicated  by  the  Rev.  William  Fergusson,  M.A.,for 
iL-pwards  of  forty  years  r)iinister  of  tlie  Free  Church  at 
Ellon,  Aberdeenshire,  and  now  residing  at  Shannaburn, 
MarycuUer,  KincardAneshire. 

Altlioiigli  born  in  Aberdeenshire,  in  the  parish  of  Peter- 
culter,  Mr.  Fergusson  is  descended  from  an  old  Fergusson 
family  in  Ayrshire — now,  he  believes,  only  represented  by  the 
family  of  his  father.  Lieutenant  James  Hamilton  Fergusson,  of 
the  57th  Regiment  of  Foot,  son  of  James  Fergusson  of  Little- 
ton, in  the  parish  of  Kirkoswald,  Ayrshire,  whose  father, 
William  Fergusson,  left  him  in  addition  to  Littleton,  the 
follovv^ing  properties:  Auchensoul,^  the  two  Threaves,-  Slow- 
bracken,  and  Basalloch,  after  having  disposed  of  the  lands  of 
Crossraguel,  near  Maybole,  which  he  inherited  from  his  father, 
Francis  Fergusson.  The  said  William  Fergusson  studied 
theology,  became  a  licentiate  of  the  Church  of  Scotland,  but 
never  undertook  a  settled  charge.  He  is  said  to  have  been 
a  man  of  remarkable  personal  piety ;  held  regularly  family 
worship  three  times  every  day — morning,  noon,  and  night. 
There  was  a  current  legend  as  to  the  hearing  of  strange 
music  at  the  window  of  the  room,  when  and  where  he  was 
passing  away  full  of  peace  and  happiness.  His  son,  the  said 
James  Fergusson  of  Littleton,  resided  there  till  he  sold  it  and 
the  other  above-named  properties  possessed  by  him  when  he 
removed  to  Maybole,  whore  he  died  and  was  interred  in  the 
old  burying-ground  there,  which  his  grandson.  Rev.  William 
Fergusson,  Ellon,  having  occasion  in  1858  to  be  in  Ayrshire  in 
prosecution  of  a  call  to  the  Rev.  Samuel  Kennedy,  Stewarton, 
from  the  Free  Church  congregation  of  Cruden,  visited,  and 

1  See  p.  358.  ~  See  p.  .359. 


copied  from  the  tombstone,  then  in  an  excellent  state  of  pre- 
servation, tlie  following  inscription  : — '  To  the  memory  of 
James  Forgusson,  Esq.,  late  of  Littleton,  who  died  at  Maybole 
22nd  April  1824,  aged  70  years.'  He  also  visited  Littleton, 
and  had  confirmed  to  him  all  the  information  furnished  by 
his  fxther,  the  above-named  Lieutenant  J.  H.  Fergusson,  who 
was  born  there  in  February  1795,  and  died  at  Parkhill 
Cottage,  Peterculter,  in  February  1876.  He  received  the 
middle  name  Hamilton  from  his  mother's  family,  being 
connected  with  Professor  Hamilton,  of  some  celebrity  in  the 
Edinburgh  University.  He  was  a  younger  son.  His  eldest 
brother  William,  being  in  delicate  health,  emigrated  to  a 
warmer  climate,  and  died  abroad  unmarried.  The  said 
William  agreed  to  his  father  disposing  of  one  estate  after 
another  in  order  to  pay  off'  all  the  liabilities  which  he  had  in- 
curred through  becoming  security  for  a  son-in-law  and  others. 
Lieutenant  Fergusson  heard  for  the  first  time  of  the  sale  of  the 
family  properties  by  being  asked,  at  a  public  dinner  in  Aber- 
deen, '  why  his  father  had  sold  a  certain  beautiful  estate  ? ' 
An  unmarried  sister  who  lived  in  Ayr,  having  predeceased 
him,  the  said  Lieutenant  Fergusson  considered  himself  the 
last  survivor  of  his  family,  which  he  was  in  the  habit  of 
characterising  as  one  of  the  oldest,  if  not  the  oldest,  of  the 
Fergussons  of  Ayrshire.  He  frequently  repeated  the  state- 
ment that  the  whole  of  the  land  from  Maybole  to  the  sea 
belonged  to  an  ancestor  who  was  offered  Ailsa  Rock,  opposite 
Littleton,  but  declined  it. 

His  son  William,  as  stated,  minister  of  the  Free  Church  at 
Ellon,  when  he  visited  Palestine  in  the  spring  of  1880,  had  the 
pleasure  of  meeting  there  Mr.  Hamilton,  Town  Clerk  of  Kil- 
marnock ;  and,  on  his  return  home,  found  waiting  him  a  letter 
announcing  his  appointment  as  an  evangelistic  deputy  of  the 
General  Assembly  of  the  Free  Church  of  Scotland  to  the  said 
town,  whither  accordingly  he  went  in  the  autumn  of  the  same 
year,  and  had  the  opportunity  of  renewing  acquaintance  with 
the  said  Mr.  Hamilton,  who  showed  him  a  deed,  dated  2()th 
July  1728,  stating  that  the  Rev.  Alexander  Fergusson,^  minis- 
ter of  the  Gospel  at  Kilwinning,  was  the  eldest  lawful  son  of 

1  See  p.  ,373. 


William  Fergiisson  of  Auclicnblain,  from  which  it  is  inferred 
that  the  Rev.  James  Fergnsson  of  Kilwinning/  author  of 
Coininentaries  on  sortie  of  the  Lesser  Epistles  of  the  Apostle 
Paul,  must  have  been  related  to  the  same  Fergussons. 

The  Rev.  William  Fergnsson,  M.A.,  born  11th  November 
1828,  ordained  as  minister  of  the  Free  Church  at  Ellon  on 
27th  April  1854,  married  (first)  on  18th  May  1854  Margaret 
Lumsden,  daughter  of  John  Lumsden,  Esq.,  Dee-Mouth, 
Aberdeen,  who  died  in  1875.     Issue : — 

1.  William  Fergnsson,  M.D.,  medical  practitioner,  Banff,  who 
has  two  sons,  William  Manson  and  John  James  Lumsden. 

2.  Son  who  died  in  infancy. 

3.  The  Rev.  John  James  Foote  Lumsden  Fergnsson,  M.A., 
Presbyterian  minister  in  New  South  Wales,  who  has  a 
dauofhter,  Maroaret  Wilsie,  and  son,  Maurice  Cameron. 

4.  Helen  Margaret  Fergnsson,  sent  by  the  Free  Church  to 
establish  Female  Mission  Institution  at  Impolweni,  Africa; 
had  to  return  on  account  of  her  health,  and  is  now  head- 
mistress of  a  long-established  boarding-school  in  Southamp- 
ton. The  Rev.  William  Fergnsson  married  (second)  in  1877, 
Mary  Gordon  Heron  Thomson,  widow  of  Thomas  Croil,  Esq., 
Balmory,  Bute.  Granted  a  colleague  by  the  General  Assem- 
bly of  the  Free  Church  in  May  1894,  and  now  retired  to 
Shannaburn,  Maryculter,  Kincardineshire,  Avhicli  was  pur- 
chased by  his  wife  in  1893. 

FERGUSSON  OF  LETTERPIN,  Parish  of  Girvan. 

18th  June  1601.  The  King  for  himself  and  as  administrator  for 
his  son,  Henxy,  Prince  and  Steward  of  Scotland,  Duke  of  Rothesay, 
Earl  of  Carrick,  grants 

Hngoni  Fergussone  in  Pynmirrie  commoranti  in  vitali  rcdditn 
et  Hectori  Fergnssoun  ejus  filio  Icgitimo  heredibus  ejus  ot  assig- 
natis  quiljuscunque — 50  solidatas  tcrrarum  vocat.  Latirpyn  cum 
mansione  silvis  et  piscationibus  in  parochia  de  Girvan,  comitatu 
de  Carrick,  vie.  Ayr. — (I^eg.  Mag.  Siij.  v.  1195.) 

15th  July  1612.  Hugh  Fergnssoun,  Younger  of  Letterjiin,  sat 
on  an  assize. — {Ileg.  Mlag.  Sig.  vi.  711.) 

Robert  Ferguson  of  Letterpin  was  among  those  in  arms  at  Both- 
well  Bridge. 

1  See  pp.  368  and  .372. 


FERGUSSON  OF  FiNNART,  Parish  of  Bcdlantrae, 


'  This  family  have  been  settled  at  Glenapp  for  more  than 
two  hundred  years,  and  at  first  occupied  the  estate,  of  which 
they  subsequently  became  proprietors,  as  "  kyndlie  tenants  " 
of  the  Kennedies  of  Ardmillan,  who  held  the  lands  under 
the  Lairds  of  Culzean  as  their  superiors.  We  find  that 
James  Kennedy  of  Culzean  made  over  the  lands  in  1609  to 
Thomas  Kennedy  of  Ardmillan,  who  afterwards  sold  them  to 
Thomas  Fergussone.  The  disposition  in  his  favour  by 
"  Ardmyllane,"  with  consent  of  "  James  Crawford  of  Baidland," 
is  witnessed  by  his  two  relatives,  "  Alexander  Fergussone  of 
Kilkerran  "  and  "  James  Fergussone  of  Millenderdale." 

'  One  of  the  Lairds  of  this  family  brought  himself  into 
serious  trouble  during  the  reign  of  Charles  ii.  He  had  been 
heavily  fined  by  General  Middleton ;  and  afterwards,  although 
he  did  not,  from  his  advanced  ago,  appear  at  Bothwell,  having 
been  suspected  of  supplying  money  to  the  insurgents,  he  was 
compelled  to  leave  the  country,  and  in  his  absence  was  for- 
feited. He  took  shelter  in  Ireland,  and  remained  in  the 
county  of  Antrim  from  1688  till  the  Revolution.  During  all 
this  time  the  rents  of  his  estate  were  kept  from  his  family, 
his  wife  and  children  driven  from  their  home,  and  his  house 
occupied  by  a  Captain  Seton.  The  Laird  was  at  first  in 
considerable  distress,  and,  being  anxious  to  remain  in  con- 
cealment, he  entered  the  service  of  Mr.  Gilleland  of  Collin, 
a  gentleman  who  lived  in  a  remote  district  in  the  north  of 
Ireland,  and  whose  grandfather  had  himself  been  forced, 
in  the  preceding  reign,  to  flee  from  his  property  in  the 
neiohbourhood  of  Dundonald.  Finnart's  disguise  was  soon 
penetrated,  and  the  greatest  kindness  shown  to  him  by  the 
family  at  Collin.  After  the  Revolution,  when  Finnart  had 
his  lands  restored  to  him,  one  of  his  daughters  was  married 
to  Mr.  Gilleland's  eldest  son,  and  ever  since  a  warm  friend- 
ship has  existed  between  the  descendants  of  the  two 


'  I.  Thomas  Fergussone  of  Finuart  had  as  his  wife  Helen 
Mure,  but  it  is  not  known  of  what  family,  as  the  present 
proprietor  cannot  discover  the  marriage-contract.  He  was 
succeeded  by  his  son  and  heir, 

'  II.  Hugh  Fergussone  of  Finnart,  who  married  Janet, 
daughter  of  David  Kennedy  of  Bellimore,  grandson  of  Gilbert 
Kennedy  of  Barclannochan,  now  Kilkerrane. 

'III.  David  Fero-ussone  of  Finnart  succeeded  his  lather,  and 
married  Mary,  daughter  of  Hew  Kennedy  of  Bennane.   Issue — 

1.  Robert,  who  succeeded. 

2.  Agnes,  who   married   her  cousin.  Hew  Kennedy  of 


3.  Mary,  married  to  John  Forsyth  of  Balliston, 

'  IV.  Robert  Fergusson  of  Finnart  succeeded  his  father. 
After  a  life  of  much  vicissitude,  he  died  at  Glenapp,  un- 
married, in  1796,  leaving  his  estate  by  deed  of  settlement  to 
his  sister's  son,  David  Kennedy,  younger  of  Bennane. 

'  The  mother  of  Hew  Kennedy,  husband  of  Agnes  Fergus- 
son,  was  Margaret,  daughter  of  the  Rev.  Thomas  Fergusson, 
then  of  Castlehill.  David  Kennedy  predeceased  his  father, 
but  left  a  son,  Hugh  Fergusson  Kennedy,  now  of  Bennane 
(1847).' — (Paterson's  History  of  Ayrshire  Families,  p.  250.) 

(See  also  chapter  xiii.  on  Ferguson  Heraldry.) 

In  a  letter  addressed  (apparently)  to  the  Earl  of  Marchmont  l»y 
Hugh  Cathcart  of  Carleton,  dated  Ayr,  1st  June  1697,  the 
Chancellor  was  informed  of  a  complaint  to  the  Ayrshire  Commis- 
sioners of  Supply  by  Hugh  Fergusson  of  Finnart,  in  the  Parish  of 
Ballantrae,  in  the  mouth  of  Loch  Ryan,  on  the  borders  of  Galloway, 
'a  place  much  haunted  by  privatieres,'  giving  an  account  of  '  anc 
cruell  and  barbarous  treatment  he  mett  with  from  a  French 
privatier,  who  came  into  that  place  upon  Sunday  last.  They  stripped 
himself  naked,  beat  and  wounded  him,  took  him  prisoner,  tyed  him 
naked  as  he  was,  threatned  to  carie  him  to  France,  pilladged  and 
robbed  his  house,  and  left  him  nothing  therein,  no  not  soe  much  as 
ane  cloath  to  wrap  his  poor  young  chiklren  in,  left  nothing  about 
the  house,  but  used  severall  wther  acts  of  crueltie  to  himselfe,  his 
wyfe,  and  familie.' — (Eist.  MS.  Com.  14th  Rep.,  App.  Part  iii.) 


FERGUSSON  OF  MiLLENDERDAiLL,  Parish  of  Cohnonell. 

'  The  five  shilling  Land  of  Millenderdaill  belonged  to  the 
Grahames  of  Knockdolian  in  liJOG.  It  was  subsequently 
acquired  by  a  branch  of  the  Fergussons  of  Kilkerran.  James 
Fergusone  of  Millenderdaill,  heir  of  his  father,  John,  was 
retourcd  in  the  lands  in  1G77.  It  is  now  (1847)  the  property 
of  David  Dalton  Kennedy  of  Craig.' — (Paterson's  History  of 
Ayrshire  Families,  p.  315.) 

May  10,  1677.  Jacobus  Fergusone  de  Millenderdaill  hceres 
.loannis  Fergusone  de  Millenderdaill  patris,  in  5  lil^ratis  terrarum 
de  Millenderdaill  et  Pinjorie  infra  parochium  de  Calmonell  et 
comitatum  do  Carrick.  A.  E.  £o.  N.  E.  £20. — (lu'tours,  Ayr- 
shire, 606.) 

FERGUSSON  OF  THE  CRAIG,  Parish  of  Colmovell. 

'  These  lands  were  acquired  from  the  Kennedies  of  Kirk- 
hill  by  a  branch  of  the  Fergussons.  John  Fergusson  of 
C^raig  died  1st  October  1G67,  aged  55.  He  was  married  to 
Janet  Lynn,  who  died  1st  November  1689,  aged  69.  James 
Fergusson  their  son  died  1st  September  1701,  aged  49.  His 
spouse  was  Marion  Gemmell.  The  tablet  on  the  outer  wall 
of  the  Churchyard  of  Colmonell  bearing  this  inscription  was 
erected  by  Robert  Fergusson,  probably  the  grandson  of  John 
Fergusson  of  Craig.  From  the  Fergussons  the  lands  passed 
to  a  family  of  the  name  of  Hutchison.' — (Paterson's  History 
of  Ayrshire  Families,  p.  312.) 


Oct.  31,  1700.  Magister  Robert  Fergussone  minister  verbi  Dei 
apud  Calmonell  hccrcs  Joannis  Fergussone  de  Castlehill,  scriba',  in 
Ayr,  patris. — (Betours,  Gen.,  8253.) 

(See  chapter  xiii.  on  Ferguson  Heraldry,  and  also  p.  371.) 


The  territorial  designations  of  this  family  are  a  little 
puzzling.     James  Ferguson  of  Bank — a  member  of  a  family 


long  connected  with  the  town  of  Ayr,  another  of  whose 
members,  John  Fergusson  of  Doonhohn,  an  enterprising 
Indian  merchant,  left  a  bequest  which  was  the  germ  of  the 
Ayr  Academy — acquired  by  marriage  the  property  of  Monk- 
wood.  His  son,  James  Fergusson,  an  advocate,  legal  writer, 
and  Principal  Clerk  of  Session,  is  designed  both  as  of  Monk- 
wood  and  of  Crosshill,  and  at  one  time  was  owner  of  Troch- 
raigue.  He  sold  both  Trochraigue  and  Monkwood  to  his 
brother,  Mr.  John  Hutchison  Fergusson.  James  Fergusson 
of  Crosshill's  eldest  son.  Major  John  Hutchison  Fergusson, 
acquired  by  marriage  the  estate  of  Bassendcan  in  Berwick- 
shire, and  took  the  additional  name  of  Home.^  His  fourth 
son,  William  Fergusson,  in  consequence  of  a  marriage  with 
the  heiress  of  Pollok  of  PoUok  Castle,  took  the  additional 
name  of  Pollok.- 

Fergusson  of  Monkivood. 

'James  Ferguson  of  Bank,  writer,  married  Miss  Hutchison 
of  Monkwood,  and  by  that  union  became  proprietor  of  that 
property.     They  had  issue — 

1.  James,  who  succeeded,  married  and  had  issue.  " 

3.  John  Hutchison,  of  Trochraigue,  married  and  had  issue. 

2.  William,  M.D.,  of  Windsor,  married  and  had  issue 

(see  p.  SUN). 

4.  Anne,  married  to  Dr.  Dunlop,  and  had  issue. 

The  late  James  Ferouson  of  Monkwood,  advocate,  sold  the 
estate  of  Monkwood  to  his  brother,  the  late  John  H. 
Ferguson  of  Trochraigue,  which  has  since  been  alienated, 
and  now  (1847)  belongs  to  William  Paterson  of  Monkwood.' — 
(Paterson's  Hidory  ofAyrskire  Fariiilies,  ii.  p.  371.) 

Fergusson  of  Trochraigue. 

'  Trochrig,  or  Trochraigue,  was  acquired  upwards  of  forty 
years  ago  {i.e.  forty  years  prior  to  1847)  by  the  late  James 
Fergusson  of  Monkwood,  advocate,  and  by  him  sold  to  his 
brother,  the  late  Mr.  John  Hutchison  Fergusson.  It  is  now 
(1847)  possessed  by  his  son,  John  H.  Fergusson  of  Troch- 

^   See  chapter  xiii.  Fenjunon  Heraldry. 
-  Ibid. 


raigue,  at  present  residing  in  Calcutta.' — (Paterson's  History 
of  Ayrshire  Families,  ii.  p.  380.) 

Fergusson  of  Grosshill. 

'From  1807  to  1822  the  lands  of  Nether  Barr  belonged 
jointly  or  wholly  to  James  Fergusson  of  Crosshill.' — 
(Paterson's  History  of  Ayrsliire  Families,  ii.  p.  258.) 

From  the  town  of  Ayr  and  family  of  Monkwood  came 
two  distinguished  men  of  the  name.  Williaioi  Fergusson, 
M.D.,  Inspector-General  of  Hospitals  (1773-1846),  brother  of 
James  Fergusson  of  Monkwood,  was  born  at  Ayr,  19th  June 
1773,  of  a  family  of  note  in  the  burgh.'  '  His  father's 
family,'  writes  his  son,  '  had  long  been  one  of  the  most 
influential  of  his  native  place,  and  had  filled  the  principal 
municipal  offices  when  these  were  objects  of  ambition  to 
the  upper  classes  of  provincial  towns,  and  when  the  whole 
parish  belonged  in  connnon  to  the  burgh.'  After  serving  as 
assistant-surgeon  in  the  army  in  Holland,  the  Peninsula,  and 
elsewhere,  he  j^ractised  in  Edinburgh  and  subsequently  in 
Windsor.  His  Notes  and  Ficcollections  of  a  Frofessional  Life 
were  brought  out  after  his  death  by  his  son  James  Fergusson 
(1808-1880),  the  eminent  archtuologist  and  writer  on  archi- 

James  Fergusson,  Minister  of  Kilwinning'^  (1643-1667), 
author  of  several  commentaries  on  the  Pauline  Epistles, 
Avas  sprung  from  the  house  of  Kilkerran,  and  is  described  as 
a  man  of  eminent  piety,  '  much  admired  for  his  great  and 
singular  Avisdom  and  prudence,  being  reckoned  one  of  the 
wisest  men  of  the  nation,  most  fit  to  be  a  counsellor  to  any 
monarch  in  Europe.' 

James  Ferguson  of  Cairnhrock  (1787-1856),  the  founder  of 
the  Ferguson  Bequest,  was  born  at  Irvine,  and  was  the  son 
of  William  Ferguson,  a  shipmaster  of  that  port.  His  mother 
was  the  eldest  child  and  only  daughter  of  John  Service  of 
Holms  of  Caaf,  a  small  property  near  Hairy,  in  Ayrshire. 
'  The  Fergusons  belonged  to  the  neighbourhood  of  Irvine, 
having  been  tenants  of  Craixland,  a  farm  in  the  parish  of 

1  See  p.  372. 


Dundonald,  for  at  least  three  generations.  The  memory  of 
Mr.  Ferguson's  grandfather  was  long  cherished  in  the  district 
as  that  of  a  cheerful  Christian.  He  was  an  elder  in  the 
parish  church  during  the  ministry  of  Mr.  Walker  (extend- 
ing from  1732  to  1780)  .  .  .  who — an  earnest  evangelical 
minister — was  sometimes  cast  down  in  spirit,  and  on  these 
occasions  the  farmer  of  Craixland  was  often  sent  for  to 
converse  with  and  cheer  him.  Mr.  Ferguson's  father  was 
bred  a  sailor,  and  in  course  of  time  became  owner  of  a  small 
vessel  which  traded  between  the  coast  of  Ayrshire  and  the 
Clyde.  His  probity  was  such  that  he  usually  went  by  the 
name  of  the  honest  skipper.'  John  Ferguson  as  a  young 
man  spent  four  years  in  America,  and  after  returning  to  this 
country  ultimately  succeeded  to  the  fortune  acquired  by  his 
maternal  relatives.  In  1828  he  purchased  the  lands  of 
Cairnbrock,  in  the  parish  of  Kirkcolm,  Wigtonshire,  to  which 
the  adjoining  lands  of  Airies  were  added  in  1854.  He  had 
previously  (1821)  purchased  the  farm  of  Whitelee,  in  the 
parish  of  Stewarton.  Of  his  large  fortune  of  £1,247,514,  he 
left  personal  legacies  to  the  amount  of  £681,000,  devoting 
the  rest  to  religious,  educational,  and  philanthropic  objects. 
For  the  details  of  these,  reference  must  be  made  to  the 
exhaustive  report  made  by  Mr.  Tait  to  the  Trustees  of  '  the 
Ferguson  Bequest  Fund,'  giving  a  '  narrative  of  the  formation 
and  past  operation  of  the  Trust,  with  some  particulars  of 
Mr.  Ferguson's  family,'  which  Avas  published  in  1883.^ 


Fergushill  was  the  surname  of  an  old  family,  now  extinct, 
who  possessed  the  lands  of  Fergushill  in  Ayrshire.  John 
Fergushill,  an  eminent  minister  of  the  seventeenth  century, 
whose  life  was  left  in  MS.  by  Wodrow,  was  the  son  of  David 
Fergushill,  merchant,  and  for  some  time  Provost  of  Ayr.  His 
name  occurs  twice  in  the  matriculations  of  the  University 
of  Glasgow — in  March  1605,  and  again  in  1611.  Licensed 
about  the  end  of  1616,  he  became  minister  at  Ochiltree.  In 
March  1620  he  was  cited  before  the  Court  of  High  Commis- 

^   Universal  Dictionary  of  National  Biofjraithy,  vol.  xviii. 
2  A 


sion    for   nonconformity    to    the    Perth    articles.      He    was 
appointed  minister  of  Ayr  in  1639,  and  died  in  1644. 

James  Fergusson,  minister  of  Kilwinnino-,  1643-67,  has  been 
identified  by  the  editor  of  BailUe's  Letters  with  a  Mr.  James 
Fergushill  mentioned  in  them.  A  similar  interchange  of 
the  names  Ferguson  and  Fergushill  has  been  noticed  by 
the  Rev.  John  Ferguson,  minister  of  Aberdalgie.  While 
Scott  in  his  Fasti  gives  John  Fergushill  as  minister  of 
Ochiltree  dealt  with  by  the  Court  of  High  Commission  in 
1620,  Calderwood  in  his  History  (iii.  p.  428),  gives  an  account 
of '  The  Proceedings  of  the  Hie  Commission  against  Mr,  Johne 
Fergisone,  sett  down  by  Himselfe,  at  Glasgow,  the  28th  March 
1620,'  and  says,  '  Mr.  John  Fergisone  was  ordained  to  enter 
in  waird  in  Perth.'  In  Scott's  Narrative  of  the  Kirk  the 
name  is  also  given  as  Ferguson. 


1489.  Arthur  Fergussone  appears  as  tenant  of  Cuttiswra, 
Stewarton,  Ayrshire. — {Exch.  Bolls,  x.) 

1517.  Part  of  Cuttiswra  let  to  Robert  Fergusson  and  Isabella 
Dunlop. — {Exch.  Bolls,  vol.  xiv.) 

1465.  Sa.  Johannis  Fargusoun  to  Nynflaris,  annualrent  tharof 
(Lanark).— (^.a-A.  Bolls,  iv.) 

1605,  John  Fergussoun  de  Cromgart  mentioned  in  a  charter  of 
■3rd  Dec.  to  Alan  Cathcart  of  Carltoun. — (Beg.  Mag.  Sig.  i.) 

28th  April  1613.  Thomas  Fergusoun  in  Glenhead,  along  with 
John  Kennedy  of  Blairquhan  and  others,  complained  of  for  attacking 
John  MTvaine,  y^  of  Grummett,  while  'reposing  himself  in  sober 
manner  within  the  Kaitchepoole  of  Mayboill. — (P.  C.  Beg.  x. 
p.  i-2.) 

1630.  Hector  Fergusson  in  Penmyrrie  was  served  heir  of  Hugh, 
alias  Hucheon,  Fergusson  in  Peinmyrrie,  his  facher. 

Dec.  9,  1686.  Thomas  Fergusone,  incola  in  Enterkine  Mains, 
p.  agn.  id  est,  c.  ex.  p.  p.  Margaret^e  Fergusone,  filiae  Joannis 
Fergusone,  qui  fuit  filius  Jacobi  F.,  portionarii  de  Milneburne. — 
{Iiui.  de  Tutela,  1096.) 

Jan.  28,  1687.  Margareta  Fergusson,  filia  Joannis  Fergusson, 
portionarii  de  Milnl^urn,  haeres  Jacobi  Fergusson,  portionarii  de 


Milnburn,  Air,  in  mercata  terrse  antiqui  extentus  de  Milnburne, 
infra  dominium  de  Kylesmuir  et  Barnenmir. — (Betours,  Ayrsldre, 

Jan.  20,  1698.  Eobertus  Fergussone,  hares  Joannis  Fergussone, 
junioris,  portionarii  de  Auchintiber,  fratris  germani. — {Betours, 
General,  7990.) 

1595,  25  Nov. 

Thomas  Ferguson  of  Erreaff-   =  Janet  Grierson. 
multers  ( ?) ,  Ay r  +  1 593.      I 

George    James  (i.)    James  (ii.)    Thomas    David    Elizabeth   Margaret  Janet 

1595,  Dec.  17. 

Janet  Blair  and  Lady  = 
Grennan,  Ayr. 

David  Dunbar  of  =  Marian  Ferguson         Janet  Ferguson. 
Daldan  (?) 


(From  the  Fasti  Scoticancv  Ecdesim.) 
Cohnonell  {Presbytery  of  Stranraer). 

1698.  Robert  Fergussone,  son  of  John  F.  of  Castlehill, 
writer,  Ayr:  studied  at  the  Un.  of  Gl.;  Keens,  by  the  Pres.  31 
May  1698,  called  in  June  and  ad.  Sept.  foil.;  died  in  1735,  in 
37th  min.— [/i?g.  Eet.  Gen.  8253;  Mun.  Univ.  Gl.  iii.;  Pres. 
Syn.  and  Test.  Reg.  {Glas.)] 

1735.  Robert  Fergusson,  A.M.,  grad.  Gl.  1st  May;  licens. 
by  Pres.  3rd  May  1734 ;  called  23rd  June,  and  ad.,  25th  Sept. 
1735 ;  trans,  to  Ayr,  2nd  charge,  13th  Sept.  1758. — [Mun. 
Univ.  Glasg.  iii. ;  Presb.  and  Syn.  Reg.] 

Barnwell  {Ayr). 

1616.  John  Fergussone,  son  of  William  F.,  burgess  of 
Glasgow,  pres.  by  James  vi.,  21st  July;  served  nearest  agnate 
to  children  of  Robert  Fergussone,  commissary-clerk  of  Lorn, 
4  April  1634;  continued  4  Aug.  1639,  and  died  subsequently. 
A  son,  Alexander,  was  a  student  at  the  University  of  Glasgow 


in  1647. — [Wodrow  mss.  ;  Reg.  Sec.  Sigill.  and  Pres. ;  Ayr 
Sess.;  Test.  (Glas.),  and  Edin.  Reg.  {Bap.);  Inq.  Ret.  de  Tut. 
508,  509;  Syn.  Roll,  1642;  Mun.  Univ.  Glas.  iii.] 

Ayr  {Second  Charge). 

1758.  Robt.  Ferguson,  A.M.,  trans,  from  Colmonell;  died 
17  Nov.  1760,  in  26th  min.  Married,  29tli  Aug.  1737, 
Margaret,  youngest  daughter  of  Mr.  Henry  Osburn,  min. 
of  Tarbolton.  She  died,  9th  Aug.  1769,  and  had  two  sons, 
Robert  and  Hugh,  captain  in  the  army,  and  four  daughters, 
Janet,  EHzabeth,  Mary,  and  Henrietta. — [Pre.s6.  and  Test.  Reg. 
Glasg.) ;  Tonibst.,  etc.] 

Kilwinning  {Irvine). 

1643.  James  Ferguson,  A.M.,  of  the  family  of  Kilkerran, 
grad.  Gl.  Un.  1638 ;  pres.  by  Alex.  Earl  of  Eglinton,  and  ad. 
in  June  1643 ;  member  of  Ass.,  1648,  and  received  calls  both 
from  Edinburgh  and  Glasgow,  but  remained ;  and  died,  13th 
March  1667,  in  his  47th  year  and  24th  min.  Esteemed  for 
his  great  piety  and  learning  as  '  a  most  wise,  gracious,  and 
able  man,'  who  scorned  to  accept  a  bishopric  when  it  was 
offered.  He  had  lying  money  xl.  li.;  insicht,  etc.,  j"xxx.  li.  vi.  s. 
viiid.  Trie  geir,  j™  li.  lix.  li.  xvi.  s.  iid.  He  married  Jean  Inglis, 
who  died,  4th  Jan.  1687,  and  had  two  sons,  James  and  Hew, 
and  a  daughter,  Mary,  who  married  Robert  Christie,  merchant, 

Publications — 

'  Exposition  of  the  Epistles  to  the  Philippians  and  Co- 

lossians.'     Edin.  1656  ;  sm.  oct. 
'  Exposition  of  the  Epistles  to  the  Galatians  and  Ephe- 

sians.'     Edin.  1659  ;  sm.  oct. 
'  Exposition  of  the  Epistles  to  the  Thessalonians.'     Glas. 

1675 ;  sm.  oct. 
'  Refutation   of  the  Errors  of  Toleration,  Erastianism, 

Independency,  and  Separation.'     Edin.  1692 ;   sm. 

Several  Sermons. 
An  Essay  on  Singing  of  Psalms,  in  ms.,  never  published. 


[Refutat.  New  Stat.  Ace.  v. ;  Fresh.  Edin.  {Man)  and  Test. 
Reg.  (Glas.);  Reg.  Old  Dec.;  Baillie's  Letters;  Kirkton  and 
Wodrow's  History  and  Correspondence ;  Acts  of  Ass. ;  Metii. 
of  Eglintoun,  ii.,  etc.] 

1721.  Alex.  Fergusson,  A.M.,  Un.  Glas.;  licens.  by  Pres. 
of  Ayr,  31  March  1718;  called,  2nd  Nov.  1720,  and  ad.  14 
March  foil.  Being  disabled  by  age  and  infirmity  from  official 
duty,  he  was  assisted  in  succession  by  five  respectable  pro- 
bationers, to  whom  he  generously  gave  the  whole  of  his 
stipend.  Suspected  of  holding  opinions  which  were  after- 
wards known  in  Ayrshire  as  '  the  New  Light,'  he  was  libelled 
by  James  MacConnell,  a  town-drummer  in  Beith,  whom  the 
Presbytery  held  to  be  '  not  immediately  concerned  and 
illiterate,'  and  therefore  took  the  case  into  their  own  hands, 
and,  having  appointed  a  committee  to  meet  with  him,  they 
received  such  satisfaction  as  warranted  their  recommendation 
that  the  affair  be  dismissed,  which  was  accordingly  done, 
8th  Aug.  1769.  He  died,  16  Feb.  1770,  in  his  81st  year,  and 
49th  min.  Publication — '  Letter  from  one  Clergyman  to 
another '  (Scots  Mag.  xxix.). — [^Miin.  Un.  Glas.  iii. ;  Presh. 
Reg. ;  Scots  Mag.  xxix.  xxxi.;  New  Stat.  Ace.  v.,  and  Morrison's 
Digest,  etc.] 

Dreghorn  {Irvine). 

1652.  Archibald  Fergussone,  A.M.,  grad.  St.  And.  1642 ; 
studied  theology,  Glasg.;  lie.  there,  29th  Jan.  1645;  ad.  about 
April  foil,  as  min.  of  the  Presbyterian  congregation  at  Antrim. 
He  was  commissioned  by  the  Gen.  Ass.,  1649,  that  their 
interest  might  be  procured  towards  promoting  with  the  civil 
government  protection  and  safety  for  himself  and  his  Pres- 
byterian brethren.  After  his  supplication  had  been  made 
he  returned,  but,  with  several  others,  was  obliged  to  leave  in 
1650  on  account  of  the  persecution. 

He  probably  returned  to  his  former  charge  in  Ireland,  and 
died  in  Dec.  1654,  aged  about  33,  in  10th  min;  His  wife, 
Janet  Cunninghame,  died  in  June  1652. — {Miin.  Un.  Glas. 
iii.;  Act.  Rect.  Un.  St.  And.:  Balfour's  Hist.  Works,  iii.; 
Test.  Reg.  (Glas.);  Reid's  Ireland,  ii.] 


Fenwick,  or  New  Kilmarnock  (Irvine). 

1836.  Robert  Ferguson,  A.M.,  gracl.  Edin.  1828 ;  pres.  by 
Earl  of  Glasgow;  trans,  to  St.  David's,  Edin.,  and  adm.  16 
May  1843.  Joined  Free  Church.  Died  at  Gracefield,  Dum- 
friesshire, 18th  Dec.  1866,  '  having  been  a  faithful  and 
successful  minister,  in  whom  there  was  much  of  the  scholar 
and  the  gentleman.'  Married,  first,  10  Oct.  1836,  Agnes 
Lidgate,  who  died  30  Nov,  1853 ;  second,  3rd  April  1856, 
Elizabeth  Black,  who  survived  him.  Publications — '  The 
New  Creature,'  a  Sermon :  Edin.  1844 ;  '  Account  of  the 
Parish '  (New  Stat.  Ace.  v.). — [Edin.  Grad.  Pres.  Reg. ;  Pro- 
ceedings, Free  Chivrch  Ass.,  1843,  etc.] 

Kihncturs  (Irvine). 

1734.  Samuel  Ferguson,  A.M.,  grad.  Glas.,  1  May  1724; 
lie.  Pres.  of  Ayr,  1730;  called,  19th  Dec.  1733,  and  ad.  27th 
March;  died  1735,  aged  about  31. — [Mun.  Un.  Glas.  iii. ; 
Presh.  Reg-. ;  Neiv  Stat.  Ace.  v.] 



The  name  of  Fergusson  is  undoubtedly  of  great  antiquity  in 
the  south-west.  It  has  indeed  been  said  that  the  Fergus- 
sons  of  Craigdarroch  are  the  oldest  family  in  Scotland,  and 
they  have  in  any  case  held  an  honourable  position  as  land- 
owners, from  father  to  son,  for  many  centuries.  Various 
other  families  are  either  known,  are  reported,  or  may  be  pre- 
sumed to  be  cadets  of  Craigdarroch ;  and  it  is  an  interesting- 
fact  that  the  name  should  be  found  so  firmly  established  at 
an  early  period  in  a  region  which,  though  so  far  south,  was 
so  distinctly  Celtic  in  character  as  Galloway.  The  physical 
features  of  the  region  south  of  the  Picts'  Dyke,  which  runs 
from  Loch  Ryan  to  Sanquhar  on  the  Nith,  have  perhaps  more 
in  common  with  the  districts  north  of  the  Forth  and  Clyde 
than  with  the  rest  of  the  southern  Lowlands,  the  place-names 
are  kindred  to  those  of  the  north ;  and  while  in  its  Pictish 
substratum  the  population  was  akin  to  the  race  that  peopled 
Fife  and  Fortrenn,  Athole  and  Angus,  Mar  and  Buchan,  it 
undoubtedly  received  a  very  large  Scottish  element  from 
Dalriadic  Argyllshire,  and  formed  at  one  time  a  place  of 
refuge  for  the  dynasty  of  Fergus. 

The  principal  cadet  branches  of  the  House  of  Craigdarroch 
were  those  of  Isle  and  of  Caitloch.  One  of  the  family  of  Isle 
represented  Dumfriesshire  in  the  last  Scottish  Parliament, 
and  a  Fergusson  of  Caitloch  was  a  fugitive  in  Holland,  while 
his  family  suffered  great  hardships  prior  to  the  Revolution 
There  were  also  Fergussons  of  Over  M'Kilstoun,  Chapelmark, 
Corrochdow,  Fourmerkland,  Brekansyde,  and  Auldgarth  ;  and 
references  occur  to  '  the  gudeman  of  Blaikistoun,'  '  Sandie  of 
Knokhachill,'  and  a  turbulent  Nithsdale  fugitive  known  as 


'  Davie  in  the  Riggis.'  There  was  also  for  long  connected 
with  the  burgh  of  Lochmaben  the  Fergusson  family,  now  of 
Spitalhaiigh  in  Peeblesshire. 

We  are  able,  through  the  courtesy  of  Captain  Cutlar-Fer- 
gusson  of  Craigdarroch,  to  print  an  interesting  MS.  account  of 
his  family,  which  bears  to  have  been  written  in  the  reign  of 
Queen  Anne,  and  gives  an  extremely  clear  and  well-vouched 
narrative  of  its  descent  for  several  generations.  This  will  be 
supplemented  by  further  materials  selected  from  the  Craig- 
darroch papers,  and  by  information  collected  from  other 
sources  relative  both  to  the  Craigdarroch  and  other  families 
of  the  name  in  the  south-western  counties. 

'  There  is  hardly  a  country  churchyard  in  the  district,' 
writes  Mr.  G.  T.  Fergusson,  '  without  the  name  appearing 
more  or  less  frequently  on  the  tombstones.  The  Fergussons 
of  Dumfriesshire  have  always  been  noted  for  the  uprightness 
and  integrity  of  their  character,  for  moral  rather  than  intel- 
lectual qualities — perhaps  I  should  say  that  while  the  intelli- 
gence was  of  a  high  order,  the  morality  was  even  higher.  To 
this,  a  disposition  to  oblige,  to  crack  a  joke,  and  to  help  a 
friend  in  need,  might  also  be  added.  The  Fergussons  were 
not  rolling  stones  so  far  as  this  country  is  concerned.  They 
stick  to  their  last,  and  can  always  be  depended  on  to  do  their 
duty  in  Avhatever  sphere  their  lot  happens  to  be  cast.' 




The  earliest  notices,  which  very  probably  refer  to  the  Fer- 
gnssons  in  the  district,  are  found  in  two  charters,  one  granted 
between  1214  and  1249  to  the  Abbots  of  Melrose,  in  which 
one  of  the  witnesses  is  Fergus  of  Glencairn,  and  the  other  a 
charter  of  the  Abbot  of  Dryburgh,  dated  1222,  where  Dominus 
Fergutianus  de  Glenkarn  is  also  a  witness. 

The  Craigdarroch  2IS. 

'  John  Crawford  of  Balmakane  grants  a  charter  of  con- 
firmation to  Jonkyne  Fergusson,  Lord  of  Craigdarroch,  for  the 
four  nierk  worth  land  of  Jargbruch  and  mill  of  Balmakane, 
dated  the  sixth  of  July  1398,  which  is  the  oldest  I  find  bear- 
ing date.  Tho'  there  is  another  granted  by  John  Crawford, 
son  to  the  Laird  of  Dalgarn,  to  John  Fergusson  of  Craigdar- 
roch for  the  mill  of  Balmakane,  which  would  appear  to  be 
older,  but  the  date  and  some  of  the  body  of  the  charter  is  not 
legible.  There  is  also  another,  anno  1484.  John  Fergus- 
son  of  Craigdarroch,  as  son  and  heir  of  Matt :  Fergusson  of 
Craigdarroch,  is  infeft  in  the  lands  of  Craigdarroch,  etc.,  and 
others  mentioned  in  the  two  sasines  under  the  hand  of  Tho : 


Lockhart,  N.P.,  dated  the  last  of  April  1484.  Thomas  Fergus- 
son,  son  and  heir  to  John  Fergusson,  is  infeft  in